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THIRD SERIES.

I LOCAL GOVERNMENT JOTTINGS.…

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PARACHUTE PERILS. «

NATURAL HISTORY NOTES.

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CHESHIRE CHAMBER OF AGRIouLl'iJRK.…

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CHESHIRE CHAMBER OF AGRI- ouLl'iJRK. [By OUR OWN REPORTER.) On Monday a general meeting of the Cheshire Chamber of Agriculture was held at the Crewe Arms Hotel, Crewe. Colonel Cotton-Jodrell pre- sided over a small attendance, which included Messrs. W. McCracken, Cartwright, J. Corbett. T. Dutton, J. Furber, Prescott, T. Holland, Wright (glacclesfield), R. Peacock (Chester), J. Nunnerley (Audlem), Lewis and Whittaker, with the secretary (Mr. C. B. Davies). Letters explain- ing absence were received from Colonel Dixon, ^lessrs Henry Tollem^be, M.P., R. Barbour, arry Barnston, J. Beecroft and Roger Bate, mi MILK-BLENDED BUTTER AI P ^Pointed Mr. Henry Tollemache, "T to attend a deputation to Mr. Hanburv on he question of the saie of milk-blended butter. At the same time it was decided to call the atten- lon ot Mi-. Tollemache to the resolution passed at the last meeting, that it should be illegal to soil butter blended with any substance which shewed on analysis a greater percentage of water than 16 per oent. SHEEP SCAB. COMPULSORY DIPPING ADVISED. The question of sheep scab was under considera- tion. i Cartwr.i&ht (Cholmondeley) asked if there 'Pi. c/1 an mcre.ase of sheep scab in Cheshire. °.eefetai'y, in reply, said he was confident u j during the last twelve months the disease had been gradually decreasing, and there were fewer outbreaks in the county now than there were two years ago. A Member said he was informed a few weeks ago by a local policeman that there was now no sheep scab in the county. Mr. Cartwright said that, coming from a dis- trict where sheep scab had been very prevalent, he was strongly of opinion that the County Council had been too lenient in not making dipping com- pulsory. That authority should be asked to in- sist upon the dipping of sheep that were imported irom other counties, because he thought sheep an^maTd? C.reated b-v the over-heatmg of the Th rn11^ lon° Jou.'ieys. were'no re™io^s ^e?h°Ut at PfSent there sheep scab *hlS COunt^ regard to Mr. Cartwright moved a. resolution recommend- ing that all sheep imported from counties other than those which could shew an immunity from Siieep scab should be dipped once immediately oil arrival, and again fourteen days afterwards." Mr. J. Corbett seconded. Mr. J. Furber pointed out that the sheep might be in the hands of the dealers during the fourteen days, and there would be the difficulty of keeping them separate from other sheep. The Secretary pointed out that two years ago drastio regulations were adopted in Cheshire with a view to keeping down sheep scab. The regu- lations had, however, been removed, and for some time there had been no regulations whatever, yet there had been less sheep scab in the county during the last two years than there had been in previous times when strong regulations as to dipping were in operation. They were told that the regulations were a source of great inconvenience to farmers, and he hoped the Chamber wouid hesitate before adopting the resolution. Ir. Wright asked if dipping would not be bene- ficlal to the sheep, irrespective of the protection it afforded against contagion. Mr. Cartwright replied that it would. Mr. J. Corbett thought it was to the advantage of everybody keeping sheep to dip them. The resolution was carried by seven votes to four. SHEEP-WORRYING BY DOGS. A SIMPLE REMEDY. A discussion took place on the subject of sheep- worrying by dogs, which will be under discussion at the next meeting of the Central Chamber. A letter was received from Mr. Roger Bate, in which he stated it seemed to him the best thing to secure the sheep and lambs was to make a law that al! dogs be chained or confined from six or seven o c.ock at night till eight o'clock next morning, except when being under the care of their masters during these hours, and that dogs kept by farmers all paid the tax. If a dog was good for any pur- pose, he was worth his licence. The poor man who kept the only animal he could keep had to pay. He thought the farmer who obeyed these restrictions would be likely to save the defenceless sheep and their young. Mr. Corbett concurred with Mr. Bate in the opinion that dogs should be chained during the night. A Member pointed out that many farmers kept dogs to protect their property during the night, and they would not keep a dog if they were com- pelled to chain it at night. Mr. Prescott thought it would be a very good thing if dogs were fastened at night, because he knew that dogs that had been let loose at night to protect the premises, had gone astray and were some of the worst sheep-worriers in the county. The Chairman: I am afraid when a dog gets drawn into such evil practices, it is very difficult to eradicate them. Mr, 'L} +P""on woved, and Mr. Prescott seconded, that dogs be chained from one hour after sunset till one hour before stmrise. Mr. Holland said lit- would take stronger measures, and say that -eny dog found at large during the night would be liable to be shot. (Laughter.) Mr. Wright understood that anybody was at liberty to shoot a dog to save the life of his sheep. Mr. Holland said that was not so. He was of opinion, however, that the owners of dogs that worried sheep should be liable to pay compensa- tion. He had had several good flocks of sheep ruined by dogs, and it was solely on account of the worrying by dogs that he had given up keep- ing sheep. Mr. J. Furber moved ä an amendment—That though sympathising with the idea, the Chamber is of opinion that so long as the dog be on the owner's premises, no action should be taken." The meeting voted—for the amendment 6, against 11, and the resolution was accordingly carried. SPEED OF MOTOR-CARS. Discussion was invited on the subject of the speed of motor-cars, which will be before the Cen- tral Chamber. Mr. Holland said he did not know whether it would be of any use to adopt regulations, as the law seemed to have no effect with regard to the speed of motor-cars. Motor-cars had been passing through his neighbourhood at the rate of sixty miles an hour during the last fortnight, and it was a wonder that nobody was killed. It seemed to him that the officers of the law dare not interfere. (Laughter.) Mr. Whittaker said if they could not pass a reso- lution, they might influence public opinion. It was very difficult to judge the speed of a motor- car, and the regulations were violated every day. He did not think it was safe for a motor-car to run more than 15 or 16 miles an hour. Mr. J. Nunnerley (Audlem) said it was remark- able that serious accidents had not occurred in consequence of the high speed of motor-cars. Motor-cars flew along the main roads and bye- roads in the country at a speed of forty miles an hour, and the excessive speed was practically dangerous from the fact that the footpaths on the main roads were being widened to such an extent that they occupied at least one-third of the width of the road. He moved that some limit should be placed upon the speed of motor-cars, which should not exceed fifteen miles per hour. The resolution was defeated by nine votes to three. A resolution was then adopted, on the motion of Mr. Furber, in favour of the placing of a reason- able limit upon the speed of motor-cars. COMPENSATION FOR FEEDING STUFFS. A report was submitted by the committee ap- pointed to consider the proposals of the Sur- veyors' Institution on a scale of compensation for feeding stuffs. They recommended the Chamber to approve the principle suggested by the Sur- veyors' Institution, that compensation ing the value to an incoming tenant- should be based on the manurial value, and not on the cost price of the feeding stuffs consumed, and that Messrs. Lawes and Gilbert's Table 10, as pub- lished in the journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, December 31st, 1897, be ac- cepted as a guide. They recommended the more general practice of free sale of produce, and of market value being allowed for unconsumed pro- duce, and for farmyard manure left on holdings, in which cases claims for feeding stuffs consumed be not preferred. The committee would, never- theless, allow some elasticity in valuer's practice to meet the exigencies of special cases and for solely grass land farms. The value of farmyard manure should be based on the quality of the feeding stuffs consumed and the description of the stock fed, and also on the care with which the' manure has been preserved, and on the situation and demand caused by the 'system of farming fol- lowed in the district. The committee specially recommended that the condition and previous management of the holding be in every case kept in view in arriving at a valuation for unexhausted improvements. They also suggested that the Chamber invite a conference with the Surveyors' Institution, with a view to a mutual arrangement. After some discussion, the report was adopted, on the motion of Mr. Prescott, seconded by Mr. Wright.

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CREWE.

KINGSLEY.

HA WARDEN.

H FLSBY.

DUNHAM HILL.I

FLINT.

t BUN BURY

FRODSHAM.

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GRESFORD.

SAUGHALL.

WILLASTON (WIRRAL).

MALPAS.

IBUCKLEY.

IALDFORD.

^OKTHtouFi.

! TATTENHALL.

I ,It ".D.

NESTON.

WHITCHURCH.