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THIRD SERIES.

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THIRD SERIES. [Edited by W. FERGLTSSON IKVINE and J. BUOWNBILL J Being Local Gleanings, Historical and Antiquarian relating to Cheshire, Chester and North [Vales, from many scattered fields. Oh, let me teach you how to ktiit again This scattered corn into one mutual siheaf. Titus Audronicus, V, iii, 70, 71. NOTES. F6421 JOHN BRUEN. V. (Continued from No. 622.) He entertained many Boarders.—At the year's end he brought home his beloved wife to Staplefoid, where they lived in great peace and love and being well settled there were many of the greatest gentlemen in the country that sued to him, some for themselves, some for their children, to be enter- tained in his family, and all to this end that being partakers of so good means of grace under his religious government and holy example, the ignorant might be instructed, the unruly reclaimed, the superstitious reformed, the profane converted or restrained, the babes in Christ might be nursed and grow up by the sincere milk of the Word, and that such as were of riper years might be fed with a stronger meat; by which means his house became a nursery for religion, a vineyard which the Lord blessed to bear trees of righteousness and fruits of holiness. Amongst these the first that dealt with him in this kind was that accomplished gentleman Thomas Wilbraham of Woodhey, esquire, who having married his eldest daughter to the heir of the house at Utkinton, of great place for his birth and blood, and of good parts and civil disposition (yet addicted to the pleasures and lusts of youth), was very desirous to place them as sojourners for a season in Mr. Bruen's house under his government, that thereby they might be the better weaned from such Occasions of evil as haply elsewhere they might be exposed unto. This godly motion was by Mr. Bruen willingly entertained, partly to satisfy the worthy gentleman's desire (whom he much esteemed) and partly that he might have opportunity to do good to the young couple, being near akin to him and now committed to his trust; and accordingly he entertained them and their attendance into his family. His Prudence.—Now his manner was, when any came first into his family, to try their dispositions and inclinations and how tractable they were like to be to good duties and practices. For which end he carefully observed their ways, saw much and said little, bore and forebore as occasion required, taking special notice of any good they said or did and passing over many lesser faults till he had fitter opportunity to reclaim them. Amongst others this young gentleman Mr. Done could not well away with the strict observation of the Sabbath. Whereupon," saith he, "we did all conspire to do him good, ten of my family speaking one after another and myself last, for the sanctify- ing of the Lord's Day; after which he did very cheerfully yield himself, blessed be God." He reforms his House.—" ,t another time," saith he, "coming into hii chamber I found over the mantel a pair of new cards, and nobody being by I took out the four knaves and so laid them there again. Bur; for want of such knaves his game was marred and he never played in my house after. And in like mimner," saith he, twenty years before, being in one of my studies and seeing a pair of tables under my feet, i took them with the men, dice, and all the cards I found and put them into an oven that was then in heating and thereby he rid them out of his house. And to justify his detestation of these games he set down in writing these collections "Against Cards and Dice. [Among Mr. Bruen's reasons are] 7. There is no recreation of body or mind in these games, unless it be in desire and hope of gain by another man's loss, which is unlawful. 8. Cards seeui less evil than tables, but there is never a barrel better herring, there is so much craft in packing, &c. 10. The coat cards were in times past the images of their idols. 11. We should abstain from such games (1) because they never were nor are of any good report in the Church (2) there is a great appearance of evil in them; (3) the command of the magistrate forbids them by the name of unlawful games" (4) they tend not to God's glory (5) they are causes of much hurt to our neighbours and occasion of many sins and sorrows to the gamesters and their families, &c. Alea, vina, Venus tribus his sum factus egenus. He sets up Bibles in his House.—And therefore for the preventing of these mischiefs and to exercise the heads and hearts of his family and of such as came occasionally to his house, he bought two goodly fair Bibles and set them upon two desks, one in his hall, the other in his parlour, which practice of his was so much the more commendable because it was answerable to the Canons and Constitutions of our one Church of England, made and printed 1571, by which there is a serious and heavy charge laid upon all archbishops, bishops, deans, cathedral ctmrches, &c., that they provided themselves Bibles °i A faire«t 51ld largest volume and of the Book of Acts and Monuments ["Foxe's Martyrs"] and place them in their halls and dining-rooms that they might be for the use of their own AVI5! suc'1 strangers as came unto them." Mr. Lruen having thus reformed and ordered his own family, he began to take notice of some defect in the public ministry, whereupon he procured a faithful minister of Christ (Mr. Ar. at.) to be preacher at Tarvin, whose ministry being very powerful and profitable he so much delighted in him that he maintained him and his family very bounti- fully and entertained him kindly. Concerning which hear his own testimony "I may well say saith he, of that worthy servant of God Mr. John Bruen, as it was said of oah, that he was a just and a perfect man in his time and walked with God. Whilst I was preacher at Tarvm, I had little main- tenance but what I had from him, and with much cheerfulness did he minister both to me and mine that which was sufficient, affirming oftentimes that lie had not the less for that which I and mine received from him. He was ever one and the same at home and abroad, very faithful unto God and loving unto men, walking in the uprightness of his heart in the midst of his house." Mr. Perkins his Testimony of him.—About this time the fame of Mr. Bruen came of Mr. Perkins [of Cambridge], who hearing of his excellent parts and pains in the profession of religion and exercises in his family and of his government of his house and the religion of his servants, being ravished with heavenly joy and stricken with an holy admiration at the hearing of it he brake out into these speeches Certainly this is no other than the house of God, and for the practice and power of religion the very topsail of England." NOTE.-The marriage of (Sir) John Done and Dorothy Wilbraham took place about 1598. Who was Mr. Ar. St. the second of Bruen's preachers at Tarvin ? Can anyone give the origin and correct forms of the proverbs (Latin and English; above quoted (To be continued.) [643] KATHERINE BULKELEY, LAST ABBESS OF GODSTOW. Although this lady was abbess of Godstow, the Oxfordshire nunnery well known as the place of Fair Rostiuond's penance, surrendering through a notary (perhaps, not a law, but a Church notary) 17 Nov., 31 Hen. VIII., yet I think it probable she was descended from an ancient Cheshire family and for this reason I introduce her letter through the "Sheaf." The family I allude to, is that of Robert Bulclogh, Lord of Bulclogh, co. Chester, in King John's time, from which were descended the Bulkeleys of Eaton, Cheshire; the Bulkelevs of Standlow, Stafford the Bulkeleys, Lords of Beau- maris and most probably the Bulkeleys of Ireland, and Wiltshire. Her letter (printed in Mr. Wright's volume of Letters edited for the Camden Society, as also by Burnet) runs thus:— Pleasith hit your Honour, with my moste humble Dowtie, to be advertised, that where it hath plensyd your Lordship to be the verie Meane to the King sMajestie, for my Preferment, most unworthie to be the Abbes of this the King's Monasterie of Godystowe; in the which Offyce, I truste I have done the best in my Power to the Maytenance of God s trewe Honour, with all Treuth and Obedience to the King's Majestie and was never moved HOT desired by any Creature in the KhigT BehalT or in your Lordships Name to surrender and give upe the House; nor was never mynded nor intended so to do, otherwise than at the King's Gracious commandement, or yours. To the which I do, and have ever done, and will submit my self most numblie and obedientlie. And I truste to God, that I have never oifendyd God's Laws neither the King's wherebie that this poore Monasterie ought to be suppressed. And this not- withstanding, my good Lorde, so it is, that Doctor London, whiche (as your Lordeship doth well know) was agaynst my Promotion, and hath ever ] sence borne me great Malys and Grudge, like my mortall Enemye, is sodenlie cummyd unto me, with a grcate Rowte with him and here dothe threten me and my Sisters, sayeng, that he hath the Kind's Commission to suppress the House, spyte of my Tethe. And when he sawe that I was content that lie shulde do all Things according to his Com- mission and shewyd him playne, that I wolae never surrender to his Hande, being my Awncyent Enemye; now he begins to entreat me, and to invegie my Sisters, one by one, otherwise than I ever harde tell that any of the Kyng's Subjects liathe been liandclyd and here tarieth and con- tynucth, to my great Coste and Charges and will not take my Answere, that I will not surrender, voir "°Wi thr KjngvS Gracious Commandement, or £ m! kip°? Lordeship s. Therefore I do most S"?ouhaveebcne LH°"t^ewe Lorde, ahif- T i ene ,;U)d to directe your Honor- the Kins^GraJions 1 An(l whensoever oorneCtoml You stnT^emCnt' °r yours' sha11 obedyant to ?v nd me. most reddl° and tW Ti f T j the same" And notwithstand inf, rJP^ LTonf'Ml1'. llk« an untrew Man, hath informed your Lordship that I am a Spoiler and a Waster, your good Lordship shall knowe that the contrary is trewe. For I have not alienatyd one halporthe of goods of his Monasterie, movable or immovable, but have rather increasyd the same. Nor never made Lease of any Farme, or on Peece of Grownde belongyng to this House or there hath bene in Tymes pasteallwaioo set under Covent Seal for the wealthe of the House. And therefore my verie Trust is, that I shall fynd the Kynge as Gracious Lorde unto me, as he is to all other his Subjects. Seyng I have not offendyd. And all and will be moste Obedyent to his most Gracious Commandment at all Tymes. With the Grace of Allmighty Jesus, who ever preserve you in Honour longe to indure to his Pleasure. Amen. Godistou the vth Daie of November. Your most bownden Beds Woman KATHERINE BULKELEY. Abbes there. This lady was very greatly respected by Lord Cromwell, but she had to surrender, as she did, on the 17th of the same month, as already stated. Some further details will be found in Dom Gasquet's book on the Suppression of the Monasteries" li. 464 and ii. 231-3). Beds Woman or Beadswoman — like Beads Beds Woman or Beadswoman like Beads man—was commonly used in concluding letters about that period, implying of course that the writer would pray for the person addressed. W. H. BRADFORD. [(44) A CHEMIST'S BILL 150 YEARS AGO. Among some old St. Oswald's papers, I have found an account of John Crewe against the Overseers of the poor of St. Oswald's, from 1750 to 1752. It is too long to copy in full, but the items (omitting repetitions), will probably interest many readers of the "Sheaf." E. C. L. s. d. s. d. the Ointment 0 8 twelve Powders 1 4 two Bladders 0 3a Syrup 0 8 a Tincture. 0 9 Poppy Heads 0 3 a Pectoral Mixture 1 4 Liquorice Root 0 1 Flower of Sulphur 0 2 Extraction of a a Purging Draught 0 8 tooth 0 6 an Electary 1 8 an Elixlr 0 a Julep 1 3 a Vomit and a Bolus 0 4 Carduus 1 0 Oil of Turpentine. 0 G Basilicon 0 2 an EyeWater 0 10 an Infusion 1 4 a dose of Glauber a Cerate 0 3 a. dose of Glauber a Cerate 0 3 Salts 0 4 two Ear Blisters a large Blister and and Melilot 0 3 Mellilot 0 6 Liquorice Juice 0 2 a Haustus 0 8 Senna 0 3 a Plaster of the Hiera Picra 0 3 Shoulder 1 0 Irish State (?) 0 1 a Liniment 0 8 Rupture Plaster 0 3 an Emulsion 1 0 Adheesive Plaster 0 2 an astring Plaster 0 8 Syrup of Poppies. 0 4 a paper of Ingred's. 0 6 a cord'l Julep. 1 7 a Balsam 0 6 Pennyroyal Leaves 0 2 Diapalma 0 3 Phlebotomy 1 0 three doses of pills 1 0 Pearl Barley. 0 1 Bloodletting. 1 0 a Gargle. 1 0 a Collyrium 0 8 Peppermint Water 0 4 Hoggs Lard 0 3 an Issue cut 1 0 a Bottle of Drops. 1 0 [645] CHESHIRE DOMESDAY NOTES. I. Those who confine their study of the Domesday record to this county usually avail themselves of the facsimile reproduction, or of Mr. Beamont's "Extension and Translation"; but those who take a wider range use the printed edition which follows the original MS. line for line and page for page. This last is numbered in folios, but the facsimile, followed by Beamont, in pages (i. to xiv.), and it may therefore be useful, in beginning a collection of short notes on this part of the Conqueror's great survey of his realm, to give the connection between the facsimile and the folios of the original: Page. 1 olio. Page. Folio. Page. Folio. 1 262b 6 265 11 267b 2 263 7 265b 12 26S 3 263b 8 266 13 268b 4 264 9 266b 14 269 5 264b 10 267 in references to the pages the columns are often denoted by a and b thus "Nesse (6b)" means that the account of Nesse will be found in the second column of the sixth page in the facsimile, or of folio 265 in the orieinal. It is hoped that those interested in the local record vill find the Sheaf a useful means of com- municating notes and criticisms, so that a clearer knowledge of its meaning may be attained. (To be continued.)

I LOCAL GOVERNMENT JOTTINGS.…

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PARACHUTE PERILS. «

NATURAL HISTORY NOTES.

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CHESHIRE CHAMBER OF AGRIouLl'iJRK.…

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CREWE.

KINGSLEY.

HA WARDEN.

H FLSBY.

DUNHAM HILL.I

FLINT.

t BUN BURY

FRODSHAM.

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GRESFORD.

SAUGHALL.

WILLASTON (WIRRAL).

MALPAS.

IBUCKLEY.

IALDFORD.

^OKTHtouFi.

! TATTENHALL.

I ,It ".D.

NESTON.

WHITCHURCH.