floral jottings. A town's meeting of the ratepayers of Southport has unanimously decided to support a resolution passed by the Town Council in favour of pro- moting a Bill in the ensuing session of Parlia- ment (conjointly with the Birkdale Urban District Council and the West Lancashire Rural District Council, or one of them) for the purchase of the Southport Waterworks Company's undertaking, and for the formation of a water board. At the recent meeting of the Bangor City Council the ex-Mayor (Alderman J. Evans Roberts) moved a resolution that the freedom of the borough be conferred on General Baden- Powell, and that a committee be formed to carry the matter through. He reminded the Council that they had resolved on this step some six or seven months ago, and he had written to General Baden-Powell, but through war troubles he only received an answer on September 21, to the effect that he would have great pleasure in receiving the honour. The motion was unanimously car- ried and a committee appointed as asked. The Penmaenmawr District Council have decided to construct a promenade at that fine health resort at a cost of £ 15,000. The attrac- tions of this place on the North Wales coast, it is well to remember, were first discovered and made known by the late Mr. W. E. Gladstone, and for more than forty years it was a favourite resort of the Gladstone family. Mr. John Bright and the late Duke of Westminster were also fre- quent visitors; so, too, is Lord Penrhyn, while his Honour Judge Sir Horatio Lloyd has a resi- dence there. The retiring Mayor of Bangor (Alderman J. E. Roberts), in his speech closing his year of office, announced that in order to mark his sense of the kindness and assistance given to him during his three terms of office he proposed to offer to the town the sum of one hundred guineas, to be devoted to some useful purpose such as the erection of a drinking fountain or other purpose to be approved by himself and the Council. The Council unanimously approved, and warmly thanked the retiring Mayor for his handsome gift. The Ormskirk Board of Guardians has again signalised the approach of the season by dis- cussing the perennial question of beer or no beer for the inmates with their Christmas dinner. This time the negative was introduced by the resolution of a lady guardian, as it notably is in many similar insalccs. The old argument was trotted out that the greater number ot the inmates were in the house through intemperance, directly or indirectly, a.,d it would be inconsistent for the guardians to give beer. There was still a little milk of human kindness left .'n f he hearts of some members of the Board, however; for while the Rev. Father Carr thought it would be a pity to deprive some of the deserving old people of a drink of beer on Christmas-day, another guardian had the courage to deny the statement that the greater number of inmates were in the house through drink. Many were there, he said, from circumstances over which they had no control. The decision in favour of "the little luxury" was decided only by 13 votes to 12. After a lengthy and exhaustive inquiry a special committee of the Manchester Town Council have reported that the action of Alder- man Higginbottom (at one time the Lord Mayor elect for the city) with respect to certain charges made by Mr. Norbury Williams, an elective auditor, in regard to certain contracts with the Electricity and Gas Committees, of which he was a member, had been altogether improper. Ac- cordingly, at a meeting of the City Council, Mr. Higginbottom tendered his resignation as alder- man, and also the position of Lord Mayor elect, paying the fee of 250. As the result of a private meeting of members of the Council, Mr. Thomas Briggs consented to be re-elected Lord Mayor for the present year. Subsequently, in the course of a statement to the Press, Mr. Norbury Williams averred that there are other revelations to be made to the general public which will astonish and surprise them in relation to the expenditure of the Electricity Department, as well as its general management. The turn of events at Manchester has had the ffect of putting other corporate bodies on their guard. After the election of the Mayor at Bolton the Town Council appointed a committee to con- sider and report upon the position of members of the Council having interests in contracts with the Corporation, either through registered companies or otherwise. At Oldham Town Council meeting the Mayor referred to the same subject, replying to a statement that "if things were bad in another town they were worse at Oldham." Mr. Saint, a member of the Llangollen Urban Council, in an attack on the Clerk and a member at their last meeting, asked the Clerk why a certain notice of motion he had forwarded to him had not been brought before the Board. It was pointed out to him that the, document did not convey a notice of motion. Whereupon Mr. Saint, proceeding to address the Council, declared he had been insulted, and accused the Clerk and Mr. M. H. Roberts of telling lies," an accusa- tion which he repeated more than once. A withdrawal was of course demanded, but Mr. Saint remained obdurate, and a brisk and lively scene terminated in the offending member with- drawing himself from the meeting. Pity these things should be.
DISTRICT COUNCILS. o BUCKLEY URBAN. The monthly meeting was held on Wednesday, Mr. G. A. Parry presiding.—Mr. Lamb had given notice of motion re purchase of Buckley Gas Works, but after some discussion the matter was postponed.—A letter was read from the secretary of the London and North-Western Railway Com- pany in reply to the Council's request for a line to Buckley, stating that the chairman of the com- pany (Lord Stalbridge) was out of town at present, but the letter would be put before him Oil his return. This letter was dated October 6th, and the clerk was instructed to write and ask for a definite reply to the Council's application.—A letter was read from the clerk to the Flintshire County Council stating that that body had not yet received a list of the Technical Instruction Classes. The County Council had made a pro- visional grant of JB41 5s. Id., the amount expended on the technical classes during the session 1899- 1900.—Mr. John Jones moved That this Council use their best endeavours to obtain a teacher for the brass instrumentalists of Buckley, either through the Technical Instruction Committee, through Mold and Buckley School, or through the Flintshire County Council, the subjects to be theory of music and instrumental music. Mr. Edward Roberts seconded.—A committee, con- sisting of Messrs. John Jones, Wm. Hopwood and Edward Roberts were appointed to formulate a request to the Flintshire County Council and the Mold and Buckley School Board, also to act as a deputation to the same bodies.—The Chairman (Mr. G. A. Parry) was re-appointed the Council's representative on the Governing Body of the University College, Bangor. CONNAH'S QUAY URBAN. The monthly meeting was held on Wednesday, Mr. J. Reney in the chair. It was resolved that the clerk write to the Local Government Board pointing out the difficulties that exist in connection with the drainage scheme, and to ascertain what degree of purification of the sewage the Board would be satisfied with before discharging into the river.—The inspector applied for instruction as to the cleansing of Custom House Tavern ditch, and suggested that section 1 of his original scheme be carried out and extended so as to connect with the pipe in Mrs. Reney's garden, at a cost not exceeding £ 70, and that Mr. Freme's offer of B20 towards the cost be accepted. —It was deeided that the work be carried out on these terms, an amendment, moved by Mr. J. Prince, and seconded by Mr. T. Rowlands, that the drain be put down outside the wall on the main road and that Mr. Freme's offer be not accepted, being lost by six votes to three. Mr. J. T. Humphreys was appointed a governor to represent the Council on the North Wales University College.
OLD FALSE TEETH BOUGHT. Many ladies and gentlemen have by them old Or disused false teeth, which might as well be turned into money. Messrs. R. D. & J. B. Fraser, Of Princes-street, Ipswich (established since 1833), bay old false tectb. Ifyoia send your foetk to them they will remit you by return post the utmost value; or, if preferred, they will make you the best offer, and hold the teeth over for Jour reply. If reference necessary, apply to [esare. Bacon & Co., Bankers, Ipswich.
THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR. DE WET SURPRISED. SEVERE FIGHT. BRILLIANT BRITISH VICTORY. The fighting near Bothaville, a small town on the Valsh river between forty and fifty miles north-west of Kroonstad, turns out to have been a much more serious affair than was first indi- cated. Some weeks ago Colonel Le Gallais and Colonel De Lisle left Pretoria with a specially equipped column to put an end to General De Wet's raids in the northern parts of the Orange River Colony. De Wet crossed into the Trans- vaal, and after moving about for some time he encountered General Barton near Frederikstad on October 25, and was then defeated with a loss of about 140 men. After this reverse he made for the Orange River Colony again, but was inter- cepted at Rensburg Drift, on the Vaal, between Venterskroon and Parys, by General Knox, Colonel Le Gallais, and Colonel De Lisle, and after a severe engagement, in which he lost two guns, retreated towards Parys. Since that date, the 27th ult., no information as to the pursuit of De Wet has been forthcoming, but the Kroonstad message mentioned above reported that Colonel Le Gallais had attacked some Boers near Botha- ville on Tuesday morning, and it is now evident that since the reverse he sustained at Rensburg Drift De Wet has been closely followed by General Knox and his two subordinates. Colonel Le Gallais apparently commanded the advance guard, and he appears to have made a night march on Monday and to have taken De Wet by surprise. General Knox and Colonel De Lisle followed in support, and a general engagement, which lasted five hours, took place. The Boers were completely defeated, their loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners exceeding 150. In addition our troops re-captured a twelve-pounder belonging to Q Battery R.H.A. and a fifteen- pounder belonging to the 14th Battery R.F.A., and also took four Krupp guns, a "pom-pom," and a Maxim, as well as a quantity of ammunition and many wagons. Mr. Steyn was with De Wet, but both succeeded in escaping. Our losses were lighter than those of the Boers, but they include Colonel Le Gallais and two other officers. In addition to this success Lord Roberts reports that the small mobile columns moving about in the south-eastern part of the Orange River Colony are breaking up small parties of Boers who have been trying to incite the burghers to rebellion, and that General Smith-Dorrien has had a successful engagement with a Boer force some miles south of Dalmanutha, a station on the Delagoa Bay line near Belfast.
LE GALLAIS'S DETERMINATION. HARD FIGHTING AT KOMATI. BOERS' STRONG POSITION CAPTURED. CANADIAN GALLANTRY. Lord Roberts telegraphs :-Charles Knox states that the very successful engagement on the 6th was due to Le Gallais's determination never to lose touch of the enemy, and to the able way in which De Lisle handled the firing line. The officers wounded were Lieut.-Colonel Ross, Durham Light Infantry Capt. Colville, Oxford Light Infantry; Lieut. Percy Smith, Middlesex Regiment; Lieut. Peebles, Suffolk Regiment; Capt. Harris, West Riding Regiment; Capt. Mair, Royal Horse Artillery; and Major Welch, Hampshire Regiment. The U Battery served their guns magnificently. Prisoners state that Steyn and De Wet took flight. Smith Dorrien reports that his two days' fighting was very hard at Komati River. The Boers were forced to retire from a very strong position, but on the following day they were strongly reinforced. Our casualties on the 6th were six killed and 20 wounded, chiefly among the Shropshires, who fought splendidly. The next day the Boers tried to seize the strong position, but were prevented by Col. Evans with the Canadian Mounted Rifles and two guns galloping two miles and seizing it just in time. Subsequently the mounted Boers charged our rearguard to within 70 yards of it, but they were stopped by Canadian Dragoons. Sixteen Canadians were made prisoners, and were made to lie on their faces while the Boers removed their dead and wounded. They were then released. Our casualties were: Killed two, wounded twelve. The latter include three Canadian Royal Dragoon officers.
FRENCH'S FIRMNESS. BOER THREAT THAT FAILED. A Laffan telegram from Pretoria, dated Nov. 6th, says :—In the course of General French's expedition the Boers made prisoner a captain of the Royal Army Medieal Corps, and sent a message that they would shoot him unless General French pledged his word that he would burn no Boer farms. General French replied that unless the captured medical officer were brought into the British camp next morning he would burn the town of Bethel; and that if he were shot two Boer prisoners would be similarly put to death. The doctor was brought into camp the next morning.
MURDER, NOT WAR. A telegram from Johannesburg, dated November 3rd, states:—An outpost of Comp- ton's Horse, consisting of a corporal and six men, was attacked by 15 Boers on the night of the 1st inst. at Klipfontein, 15 miles distant. The Boers crept up and fired through the window of a farmhouse, killing the corporal and a trooper. The others were taken prisoners and conveyed to Boshof, where they were released after being robbed of everything. The men were sitting at a table writing letters when they were shot. The Boers gave them no chance.
BOERS' HOPELESS STRUGGLE. Lord Roberts, from Johannesburg, says that while there are unmistakable signs that the Boers are getting disheartened, and that food is scarce and ammunition still scarcer, Mr. Steyn is doing his utmost to encourage his countrymen to keep up a hopeless struggle by deceiving them with false accounts of their successes.
SOLDIER PRINCE'S FUNERAL. Pretoria, Nov. 1. Prince Christian Victor was buried to-day with full military honours. Prince Francis of Teck was chief mourner. The charger of the late Prince was led by a groom. When the wagon moved the troops gave a royal salute, and the battery and the Artillery at the barracks began firing minute guns, which continued while the procession was moving through the streets. Lord Roberts met the procession and took his place on the right of Prince Francis, Lord Kitchener being on the ^left of his Highness. The ceremony at the graveside did not last long. Three volleys were fired and the "Last Post" was sounded over the grave of a gallant soldier and kindly gentleman. Then the troops marched off in quick time, and one of the most impressive funerals in the history of Pretoria came to an end.
SIR REDVERS BULLER'S RETURN. « ?THE FREEDOM OF SOUTHAMPTON. DEFENCE OF THE ARMY. Sir Redvers Buller arrived at Southampton on Friday and met with a most enthusiastic reception. On Saturday the gallant General was presented with the freedom of Southampton. The Press Association's special correspondent at Southampton telegraphs: —Early trains brought a large number of visitors to South- ampton for the public reception of General Buller. The town was finely decorated, and at ten o'clock Hartley Hall, the scene of the civic ceremony, was thronged. The aldermen were in scarlet and the professional staff of Hartley College were in the robes of their respective degrees. A guard of honour was formed by a detachment of the 2nd Volunteer Battalion Hants Regiment. On the civic procession of carriages, headed by the Mayor of Southampton and Sir Redvers and Lady Buller arriving, the gallant general was formally presented with the freedom. In the course of an address after signing the burgess roll, Sir Redvers said the war had been heavy and costly, but he believed it would turn out to the advantage not only of England but of the whole world. Hard things had been said about the British Army, but he believed when the history of the war had been written it would be found that the British Army had difficulties greater than had ever been previously ex- perienced. Sir Redvers referred to two points which he had never seen alluded to. The first was the superior vision of the Boers, which was better to the extent of two miles than that of our city born troops, and so severely handicapped us, while the second was the knowledge of the Boers of the Kaffir tongue, which enabled them to learn at the native kraals all the news as to our movements. After the ceremony the procession was re- formed for Southampton West, where a special train awaited the party to convey them to Alder- shot. The entire route of a mile and a quarter was lined by the populace, who gave the new burgess a splendid welcome. I
THE~N0VEMBER MA-GAZINES. [SECOND NOTICE.] The CornLill" is an interesting number. An article entitled "In the Early Forties" contains the following reminiscence of Leigh Hunt Business was by no means Leigh Hunt's strong point. In this respect, but not otherwise, he may have suggested Skimpole to Charles Dickens. On one of my visita I found him trying to puzzle out the abstruse question .of how he should deduct some such sum as thirteen shillings and ninepence from a sovereign. On another occasion I had to pay him a sum of money, £100 or zC200, and I wrote him a cheque for the amount. Well," he said, "what am I to do with this little bit of paper?" I told him that if he presented it at the bank they would pay him cash for it, but, 1 added, "I will save you that trouble." I sent to the bank, and cashed the cheque for him. He took the notes away carefully enclosed in an envelope. Two days afterwards Leigh Hunt came in a state of great agitation to tell me that his wife had burned them. He had thrown the envelope with the bank notes inside carelessly down, and his wife had flung it into the fire. Leigh Hunt's agitation while on his way to bring this news had not prevented him from purchasing on the road a little statuette of Psyche, which he carried, without any paper round it, in his hand. I told him I thought something might be done in the matter; I sent to the bankers and got the numbers of the notes, and then in company with Leigh Hunt went off to the Bank of England. 1 explained our business and we were shewn into a room where three old gentlemen were sitting at tables. They kept us waiting some time, and Leigh Hunt, who had meantime been staring all round the room, at last got up, walked up to one of the staid officials, and addressing him said in wondering tones, "And this is the Bank of England! And do you sit here all day, and never see the green woods and the trees and flowers and the charming country?" Then in tones of remon- strance he demanded, Are you contented with such a life?" All this time he was holding the little naked Psyche in one hand, and with his long hair and flashing eyes made a surprising figure. I fancy I can still see the astonished faces of the three officials; they would have made a most delightful picture. I said, Come away, Mr. Hunt, these gentlemen are very busy." 1 suc- ceeded in carrying Leigh Hunt otf, and after enter- ing into certain formalities, we were told that the value of the notes would be paid in twelve months. I gave Leigh Hunt the money at once, and he went away rejoicing. The "Windsor" contains an instructive article on "The World's Wheat Supply," and another remarkable contribution deals with the Origin of the Salvation Army. Thirty-six years ago a young provincial preacher stood thoughtfully gazing at the crowds on Mile End Waste. He saw the enormous gin-palaces, too Ismail to contain the mob of customers, the homeless beggars slouching along the gutter way, the sweaters' victims hurring to the warehouses with the black ciotn-coverea packages or slop work, the young wives, with blackened eyes, ragged gowns, and bare, towzled heads, and the reeling men. The visitor was aroused and im- pressed. The sight of so much misery wrung his heart, and he there and then resolved to do what he could to better the lot of these victims of poverty. The Salvation Army is the outcome of that resolve. That it is a great social force few can deny. In a single generation it has spread over the world. It is actively labouring from Dawson City and Iceland in the north to Dunedin and Capetown in the south; from Manila and Yokohama in the east to Honolulu in the west. Its agents are to-day begging their bread in Kandy, teaching isolated fishing communities in New- foundland, living in the most criminal quarters of Whitechapel, helping starving gold-seekers on the Klondyke, fighting in the beer-gardens of Berlin, preaching to ice-bound congregations in Finland. Its total income is considerably over a million pounds a year; the voluntary workers who devote all their time, without fee or reward, to its cam- paign of social amelioration, number many hundred thousands; and there is a great band of nearly fourteen thousand pickedmenand women, one and all working for the merest pittance, who have given up their lives for the rescue of their fellows. The world has seen nothing like it since the gentle Francis preached his crubade of self-renunciation many hundred years ago. "Chamber's Journal" has a thoughtful article On a Question of Industrial Supremacy" by James Burnley, who very pertinently asks Is Great Britain's industrial supremacy past or passing ? He points out that it is mainly by the effective utilisation of their many labour-saving devices that the Americans get in ahead of us, and contends that unless England keeps pace with the active development of America in the working out of contrivances for dispensing with hand labour she cannot expect co retain her old position in the world's markets. In conclusion Mr. Burnett says :— There is one point of supremacy that Great Britain will possibly not have to relinquish for some time to come, and that is its capacity for excelling in the higker qualities of its manufactured products. In the magnitude of its operations, in the construction of certain articles made from iron and steel, and for its many, mechanical improve- ments America rklnks high m the world's regard, and justly so. Its achievements have been on a marvellous scale. In the finer textile work, how- ever, and in most of those special processes where quality and durability of product couni. rather than bulk, the Old World still surpasses the Now, and will, doubtless, continue to do so a few years longer. When America has outlived protection and brought her gigantic trust undertakings into line with the demands of international fairness and the be interests of her own people it may be that she will be able to assume the position of the lead- ing industrial nation; but it must be conceded she has much to accomplish before this supreme point can be reached—many rough places to make smooth, many conquests over internal difficulties to win, many prejudices to overcome. An Officer contributes a valuable article to Baily's Magazine on Experiences of Horses in the War." It is interesting, if humiliating, to note how the Boers have kept the field with no supply of remounts from over the seas to fall back upon. Yet the average Boer is a heavy man, an indifferent rider, and not over careful of his mount. I have never seen a Boer dismount to ease his horse if he would not have done so for his own convenience. The reasons of their success are three :—(1) That the South African horse is probably the best troop horse in the world (2) that he has been fed throughout on his accustomed food; (3) that he started on the campaign in good working condition. The South African horse, though often mean in appearance, possesses in a high degree the three chief qualities that go to make a troop horge- endurance, hardness, and tractability. This should be remembered after the war, and great efforts made to encourage throughout the country the industry of horse breeding, which since the introduction of ostrich farming has been much neglected, and too often grossly mismanaged A detail in conclusion. It would be wise, in peace time, to accustom our troop horses, as far as possible, to the varietes of food which they are likely to en- counter on service. Many of ours turned up their noses at "mealies" (Indian corn) even when hungry, and it is well known that a horse's stomach .is liable to be upset by unaccustomed food, such as oat hay, which it may be called upon to digest when on active service. Now that Army reform,is so much in the air an article on The Modern Russian Officer" in this month's Strand," magazine will be read with special interest. Describing the training at a cadet school the writer says:— The (system of physical education may be described as a modified form of that in vogue in Sweden. The general idea that has presided at its elaboration is that the whole body should be rendered capable of supporting long and continuous labour, not that certain muscles alone should be inordinately developed, as if the boy were intended to gain his livelihood as a professional athlete. Much of the apparatus used in English gymna- siums, trapeze, rings, etc., is excluded as tending to make the pupils perform athletic tricks which have no ulterior or general utility. Even the games partake somewhat of the character of lessons, the governor of each division, who is always with his pupils, taking care that the rules of the game are strictly observed, and that a game once com- menced is not stopped or interrupted out of mere caprice. One of the chief objects kept in view is that the eyesight of the cadets shall not only remain unimpaired, but become improved, it being now recognised that during youth the eyes are as capable of being educated as any other organ. The utility of fencing, for instance, is thought to con- sist principally in the rapid adjustment it implies of the organ of vision. (Jassell's Magazine has a chatty article on "Town and Gown Rows at Oxford." For more than six hundred years every Oxford man in residence felt.it his bounden duty on the 5th of November to sally forth from his college, and break the skull of some townsman, or have his own broken as the case may be. The last real Town and Gown row took place in 1867. Late in the evening of the 5th November in that year a couple of shopkeepers met an under- graduate of Brasenose returning to his college with a knocker in his hand. They immediately jumped to the conclusion that the knocker had been com- mandeered from the hall door of 'some private dwelling, though the undergraduate stoutly main- tained that he had purchased it at a shop in the ordinary way. But, whether purchased or pur- loined, a knocker was a dangerous implement to carry about publicly in those days on the 5th of November. The end of the matter was that the undergraduate was very roughly handled and had his knocker taken from him. On his return to Brasenose he told his story and promptly organised a band of Brasenose bloods to recover the knocker. A free fight took place between the band of rescuers and some of the townspeople which resulted in one of the undergraduates being killed. In any case, Town v. Gown riots would have come to an end in a few years, but after the death of this undergraduate the University authorities took strong measures to prevent any collision for the future, and sill(o 1867 all friction between Town and Gown may be said to have ceased. Some years ago Christ Church fountain was certainly found paved with knockers and broken fragments of sign- boards on the morning of November 6th. But no claimant for these articles was forthcoming from among the townspeople, and the Dean thought it wiser not to institute impertinent inquiries.
THE TREATMENT OF EPILEPTICS. 0 NANTWICH GUARDIANS' ACTION. At the Nantwich Board of Guardians, on Saturday, as the outcome of the circular letters from the Wirral Union and the Northwich Union with respect to special provision being made for the treatment of pauper imbeciles and epileptics, Mr. Jesse Leah moved the following motion:—"That in the opinion of this Board the time has arrived for the provision of institu- tions for the reception of imbecile and epileptic inmates of Union Workhouses; and the Board approves of action being taken by the Unions of the county or the Local Govern- ment Board to carry this into effect." In seconding, Mr. W. J. Dutton said the cost of such an institution would be very little if they could only get unity of action among the various boards of guardians in the county. The Tarvin Workhouse had accommodation for 180 inmates, and yet it had only a minimum of 14 and a maximum of 18 who were maintained there. The Tarvin Union had to bear the whole cost of the management for the care of those few pauper inmates, and it was known that they were desirous of relieving themselves somewhat of that position. If the county unions com- bined together they might obtain the Tarvin Workhouse as an institution for the reception of the imbecile and epileptic inmates from the various poor-law institutions in the county, while arrangements might be made to take the Tarvin inmates to the Chester Workhouse.— The resolution was carried, and it was agreed that the Clerk should communicate with the various unions in the county to see whether they would join a conference to discuss the special building of a home or the use for the purpose of some existing institution-the Tarvin Workhouse for example.
CHESTER NURSING HOME BAZAAR. An attractive sale of work was held in the Town Hall, on Wednesday afternoon, in aid of the funds of the Chester District Nursing Home. The Assembly-room was elaborately decorated in harmony with the patriotic spirit of the day, and the attendance was very grati- fying. The Mayor (Colonel H. T. Brown) performed the opening ceremony, and was accompanied by the Rev. F. T. Stonex, Messrs. C. P. Douglas, J. R. Thomson, John Thompson, Drs. Archer, Hamilton, and King. Mr. Douglas, before calling upon the Mayor to open the bazaar, gave a few particulars with reference to the Home. As most of them were aware, it originated with the Diocesan Deaeoness Institution, and it had been largely owing to their fostering care that it had been able to do its work in the city. If it had not been for their self-denying energy the Home would not now be in the flourishing condition it was, now be in the flourishing condition it was, but considering that it was more of a local character than a diocesan one it had been decided to start afresh with a council made up of the citizens of Chester. Most of them knew that the Home supplied gratuitously fully trained and certificated nurses to the poor without distinc- tion of creed. The nurses gave as much care to Roman Catholic and Nonconformist families as they did to Church families. That would be borne out, he knew, by Canon Lynch and Dr. Roberts. It was free to everyone, and the work they did was common to every poor person who called upon them for help. The medical gentle- men of the city valued the help of the institu- tion very highly, for they knew that their instructions would be carried out. (Applause ) The Mayor said he was perfectly well satisfied that the work of the Infirmary could not be so efficiently carried out without the existence of such an institution as the District Home. He was pleased to hear it had now been placed upon the broadest possible basis. On the motion of Mr. J. R. Thomson, seconded by Mr. John Thompson, a vote of thanks was passed to the Mayor for his services The Assembly Room had been very tastefully decorated, and the following ladies presided at the stalls:—Plain needlework, the Mayoress ld. and 2d. stall, Miss Lilian Churton; fancy work, Mrs. Henry Dobie, Miss Dobie, Mrs. Herbert Dobie, and Mrs. Bridge; bachelors' stall, Mrs. and Miss Fluitt; pottery stall, Mrs. Fohn Frost, the Misses Kelsall; flower stall, Mrs. B. C. Roberts, Mrs. Edwards, and Mrs. James Frost; doll and toy stall, Mrs. Cooper Scott, Mrs. Scotland, and Mrs. Martin Stewart; wool stall, Mrs. Stolterfoth; cake stall, Mrs. James Taylor, and Mrs. Jolliffe; country pro- duce, Miss Wilbraham; household stall, the District Nurses; and there was also an Army refreshment stall. Selections of music were played by the Massa Band, and concerts, enter- tainments, and competitions were also held.
ABERDOVEY COMMON RIGHTS. » Remarkable scenes were witnessed on Satur. day afternoon at Aberdovey, where the common, comprising the well-known golf links, has become cause for dispute between the farmers and commoners and Mr. Solomon Andrews, of Cardiff and Pwllheli, who recently acquired the Crown rights. Mr. Andrews has treated the land as private property, entirely ignoring the alleged rights of the public and the farmers, who have from time immemorial enjoyed graz- ing privileges on the common. Notices were put up warning persons against sending cattle on to the land, and during the past week an extensive fence was erected along the seashore, thereby closing against the public two miles of sandhills. A large number of sheep and cattle was placed on the land. These proceedings created a deep feeling of resentment among the towns- people. The Common Committee, acting on behalf of the commoners, has held frequent meetings, the outcome of which has been the formation of a guarantee fund to fight the question, and R,400 has already been collected. About two o'clock on Saturday afternoon, in response to the bellman, who had been sent round the, town, there assembled practically the whole population, besides the farmers of Cefn- rhosisa township with their horses. Major Best, chief constable of the county, and Superintendent Jones, of Dolgelly, attended on behalf of the police. Mr. Edward Davies, chairman of the Common Committee, explained from a platform the object of the demonstration, which was, he said, to make a firm stand for their rights and privileges. Mr. Andrews had said there was no common, and it was all his land. They were there that day to declare by word and action that it was a common. They were peaceable men, but they were going to pull down the fences, and the work was to be done only by those farmers who were commoners. The procession then set out, the farmers on horseback, fully equipped with traces and chains, being followed by the Defence Com- mittee, with banners bearing the words No surrender." Then came a brass band, followed by the people. The procession marched to the common, where the farmers immediately com- menced to pull down the fence. When the first post was removed the Chief Constable asked Mr. Davies the reason, and the answer was: We are asserting our common rights and removing these ugly things." The Chief Con- stable thanked him, and then retired. In a lew hours two miles of fencing were thrown down. At intervals the large crowd cheered the farmers, and when the work was finished they all returned to the town, preceded by the band.
The Oldfield scholarship, which was recently competed for at an examination held at the Grosvenor Museum, has been awarded to George Owen, son of Mr. George Owen, of Seller-street, and a pupil of the Higher Grade Wesleyan Boys' School, St. John-street. E PPS'S ^^JOCOA. The most nutritious. EPPSIS COCOA. Grateful and comforting. E PPS'S ^JJOCOA. For breakfast and supper. PPS'S ^JOCOA. With natural flavour only. E PPSIS COCOA. From the finest brands.
OUR RETURNING TROOPS. GENERAL SWAINE ON "TREATING." Sir,—You will have seen in the London papers an appeal addressed to the British public by the Commander-in-Chief and by Field-Marshal Lord Roberts to spare the home- coming soldiers from a too generous reception. The gallantry of our soldiers, from all parts of the empire, in South Africa, has been such that has made us proud of them, and we feel we cannot do enough to shew our gratitude, but I hope with Lord Wolseley and Lord Roberts that this gratitude will not take the form that we could not help but condemn in the strongest terms. It would be a calamity to the men themselves and ruin the character they have already established as the brave defenders of their Queen and country.—I beg to remain, yours faithfully, L. V. SWAINE, Major General, Commanding North- Western District. Chester, 6th Nov., 1900.
> AVOID DISFIGUREMENT. Sir,—It is very much to be hoped the advisers of the Chester Corporation will not project overhead wires for the electric trams, making thereby all the streets and roads, whereon the rails are laid, an eyesore, and completely spoiling, nay, ruth- lessly destroying, the character-the mediaeval picturesqueness—of the principal streets of this old city. I have not one farthing of interest in any process of traction whatsoever. I therefore may mention a process of traction whereby all disfigurements are avoided, and which the Cor- poration might with advantage adopt, viz., "The Johnson-Lundell" process. Lord Kelvin has re- marked, "I have carefully examined the Johnson- Lundell system for tramcars, and I find it realised all the conditions required for practical success," and again, the same scientist remarks, "Con- sidering all the circumstances I feel very confident that the 'Johnson-Lundell' system will be found thoroughly efficient and trustworthy for electric traction." It seems to me higher commendation is difficult. Lord Kelvin I think all will accept as "facile princeps" in his branch of science. The date of the above quoted opinion is sometime in 1896. Doubtless there have been developments since in underground current work; possibly this process has been superseded. However that may be, anything would be preferable to overhead wires, so unsightly and dangerous. Motor omnibuses are doubtfully expedient at present. Tramcars are, I think, a sine qua non in Chester, which town, let us hope, may not be disfigured by overhead wires.—I am, sir, your obedient ser- vant, QUIDNUNC.
— » CHILDREN OF SOLDIERS KILLED IN THE WAR. Sir,—Since my letter to you asking for help towards a large bazaar to raise funds for assisting the children of soldiers killed in the war, I -have received several good promises of help. But to make a large successful bazaar to enable us to deal with a number of children in the North of England will require the self- denying labours of many friends, and much as the good people have been pulled at for various funds, I feel no doubt they will make an effort to further the interests of the children. One case in my immediate neighbourhood I would like to cite—and there are many similar instances-which is sufficient to call forth our sympathy. It is that of the widow of a colour- sergeant who was killed in Ladysmith during the siege. She has six children, nof one of whom can work. She has a small allowance from the Patriotic Commissioners, but with this hers will be a hard struggle, and it is to assist such cases as this that we are now soliciting the co-operation of kind people. In helping the children, as with helping the 37 invalided soldiers under our care, we shall make no distinction with regard to politics or religion, but all "ill be treated alike. Con- tributions for the bazaar either in money or articles, or offers of personal help where practicable, will be received in all gratitude. Three stalls have been arranged for up to the present: a Bowdon, Altrincham and Northwich (Cheshire) Stall, a Manchester Stall, and a Children's Stall. If your readers cannot form one of their own, they may perhaps send some- thing for other stalls.—Yours very faithfully, W. AUGUSTUS PARRY, Curate of Hurst, Ashton-under-Lyne.
EARLY MORNING ADVENTURE NEAR CHESTER. TWO MEN AND TWELVE RABBITS. On Saturday, at Chester Castle Petty Sessions, before Mr. R. T. Richardson (in the chair) and other magistrates, Nathan Jonas, labourer, Boughton, was charged under a warrant with failing to appear in answer to a summons charging him with being found in possession of twelve rabbits, net, etc., at Huntington, on the 23rd Oct.—Prisoner pleaded guilty.—Thomas Reardon, labourer, Royle's-court, Cuppin-street, was summoned for being unlawfully in possession of twelve rabbits, a net and pegs, at the same place, and on the same date. Constable Walley, of Aldford, stated that at half-past five in the morning he met Jonas and Reardon on the Huntington-road. He seized both of them, and there was a struggle, as the re- sult of which Reardon escaped. He found in the possession of Jonas a net, nine pegs, a driving line, and a bag containing twelve rabbits. He (witness), accompanied by Detective-Sergeant Crewe, went to Reardon's home on the following morning, and found him in bed. He dressed and came down, and he (witness) identified him as the man who was in company with Jonas. Cross-examined by Mr. Frank Turner (from the office of Mr. E. Brassey), who defended Reardon, witness admitted that it was dark, but he had no doubt that Reardon was the man. Mr. Turner said Reardon's defence was an alibi. He contended that the police had nfade a mistake as regarded the identity of the man who was in company with Jonas. The man who was in company with Jonas had promised to come to the court to give evidence, but he had not arrived. Reardon gave evidence on his own behalf. He declared that be was in bed at the time the officer had stated he was with Jonas. It was untrue that he was in bed when the police came to his house. He had got up at seven o'clock that morning, and was upstairs stitching a button on his clothes when they arrived. A man had Blept with him that night, but he was not present to give evidence.— Detective-Sergeant Crewe told him to put on the cap which he had seen him wearing that morning, and he (Reardon) told them that he never wore a cap in his life. The Magistrates' Clerk: Who was the man who slept with you ? Reardon: Alexander O'Neill. Cross-examined by Inspector Hoole: It was true he had no stockings on when the police called, but it was not often he wore stockings. There was a not hanging up in the house, but it was not wet. Mr. Turner: You have a net ?—Yes. The Magistrates' Clerk Salmon net, I suppose ? (Laughter.) Jonas, giving evidence, said Reardon was not the man who was with him. The Magistrates' Clerk: Well, who was it ? Jonas: Who? The Magistrates' Clerk: You don't know, I suppose P Jonas: I don't know. Inspector Hoole: On this morning did the officer take you round to Eccleston to see if the sergeant knew you ? Jonas: He took me round there to help to carry the bag. He was too lazy to carry it himself. (Laughter.) Inspector Hoole: Didn't you voluntarily tell the sergeant that Reardon was with you P Jonas: No, sir; I didn't. He asked me two or three times who he was. P.S. Johnson, of Eccleston, said Jonas told him Reardon was the man. Asked whether they would be tried by that court or a jury, Jonas said he would be tried by that court, and Reardon elected to go before a jury. The Bench retired to consider their verdict, and on returning into court the Chairman said there was a long record against Jonas, and it was (quite clear that he had been making a regular business of that sort of work. Jonas (interrupting): Ob, no, sir. I have been working all the time. The Chairman (continuing) said he (Jonas), however, had not had a long term of imprison- ment, so that they would not give him quite as long a term as they might have done. He would he kept in prison for three calendar months, and at the expiration of that sentence he would have to find sureties, him- self in X10 and two sureties of 45 each, not to offend agam for two years. In default of finding those sureties he would have a further term of six months.—Reardon was committed to take his trial at the Quarter Sessions.
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DEAN AND CHAPTER V. THE BISHOP. PROCEEDINGS IN THE HIGH COURT. In the Queen's Bench Division on Friday, before the Lord Chief Justice and Mr. Justice Kennedy, Mr. Dibdin applied, on behalf of the Dean and Chapter of Chester, for a rule nisi writ of prohibition in a certain proceeding against the Bishop of Chester in his capacity of visitor of the Dean and Chapter. They wished to restrain the Bishop from dealing with a petition presented to him in visitation by the Rev. John Timothy Davies, headmaster of the King's School, Chester, asking for certain rights in the Cathedral to which the Dean and Chapter did not think he was entitled. The Dean and Chapter existed under a statute and a charter of Henry VIII., which provided that the grammar master of the school should have a particular status as one of the ministers of the chapter. He was required to attend the choir in his proper choral vestments, and a place was alloted to him in the choir. Some of the scholars were also required to attend the choir, and places were alloted for them. Under these conditions the school existed for some centuries, but, since the En- dowed Schools Act, its organisation was com- pletely altered, and it was now governed under a scheme of 1895. The material clause of the scheme provided that the scheme should, with certain exceptions, be administered and governed wholly and exclusively in accordance with its terms, notwithstanding any former or other scheme, Act of Parliament, charter, or letters patent. The learned counsel submitted that the effect of Clause 46 of the Act did away with the operation of the statute of Henry VIII., because nothing was said about the head master having a stall in the Cathedral. The headmaster: had presented a petition to the Bishop, asking for a stall and to be installed in it, and the Bishop held that he had jurisdiction to deal with the merits of the case. The matter was, however, :adjourned, to enable the Dean and Chapter, who disputed his lordship's jurisdiction, to raise the question in the High Court. Their lordships granted a rule.
CHRISTLETON. HONOUR FOR A LOCAL MAN. We under- stand that Mr. T. Plevin, of Christleton, who joined the Life Guards but nine months ago, has been selected as one of the eight to repre- sent that regiment at the inauguration of the Commonwealth in Australia.
KELSALL. ST. PHILIP'S CHURCH.—The heating appara- tus in Kelsall Church has been over-hauled, and was used for the first time on Sunday. FUNERAL OF AN OCTOGENARIAN. The remains of Miss Peters were buried in Kelsall churchyard on Friday. The deceased lady was 81 years of age, and was one of the oldest inhabitants of the village.
KINNERTON. ALL SAINTS' DEDICATION FESTIVAL.—This was held on Thursday. The Rev. A. H. Fish. B. Sc., Chester, preached in the evening, the Rev. A. C. Gordon read the second lesson, and the Rev. J. C. Trampleasure intoned the service and presided at the organ. After the evening service, a short organ recital was given by the Rev. J. C. Trampleasure. Miss Collinge sang a solo, The King of Love my Shepherd is" (Gounod). The church was decorated by Mrs. Trampleasure and Miss Cannon. The collection was in aid of the Church Repair Fund.
MALPAS. PARISH COUNCIL.-At this Council on Tues- day Mr. Danily (chairman) presided.—An application was made by the captain of the fire brigade for a further hundred yards length of hose, together with two hay-cutting knives. The captain was instructed to obtain the hose and hay knives. RENT AUDIT.—On Wednesday the half-yearly rent audit of Mr. T. W. T. Drake was held at the Wyvern Hotel, and in the afternoon the tenants sat down to a dinner. The chair was occupied by Mr. G. P. Tyrwhitt Drake, the squire's brother, and in the absence of Mr. Lewis, who always fills the post very happily, Mr. J. Beecroft occupied the vice-chair. Upon the removal of the cloths, the customary toast list was gone through. The health of the landlord and Mrs. Drake was toasted with musical honours. The remainder of the even- ing was spent in conviviality. Reference was made to the absence, under painful circum- stances, of Mr. Lewis, The Bank, who for many years has attended attended regularly these half-yearly gatherings, and it was earnestly hoped that he would soon regain his former robust strength and good health.
TARVIN. PARISH TEA AND CONCERT.-The annual parish tea and concert took place on Thursday, the proceeds of which were in aid of the Day Schools. It is gratifying to record that both from a numerical and financial standpoint it was a decided success. The tea took place in the National Schools at four o'clock, when upwards of 200 persons sat down. Between 30 and 40 ladies presided at the tables, the whole being under a committee of management, which comprised Mrs. Evans, Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. Shurrock, and Mrs. Gunnery. Previous to the tea a small sale of work was held, the goods being quickly disposed of. The following ladies presided at the stalls:—Mrs. Evans, Miss Bull, Miss Howcroft, and Miss Wilson. The bran pie was in charge of Miss Ruth Evans and Miss Gladys Sacre. In the evening, at seven o'clock, a large and enthu- siastic audience was present at the Public Hall, when a grand concert was given. The Vicar (the Rev. T. J. Evans) presided. The pro- gramme was an admirable one, the various items being contributed by Miss Vida Kenion, Mrs. Evans, Miss Roberts, Miss Isabel Wilson, the Rev. E. W. Evans, Mr. Sinclair Jones, Mr. Phillips, Mr. W. H. Hallmark, and Mr. J. H. Thompson. Each item received a well-deserved encore. The humorous portion was well sustained by Mr. W. H. Hallmark and Mr. Phillips. The singing of the National Anthem brought a most enjoyable meeting to a close.
THROAT AFFECTIONS AND HOARSBKESS. BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES, which have proved so successful in America for the Cure of Coughs, Colds, Hoarseness, Bronchitis, Asthma, Catarrh, or any irritation or sore. ness of the throat, are now imported and sold in this country at lili per box. Put up in the form of a lozenge it is the most convenient, pleasant, safe and sure remedy for clearing and strengthening the voice in the worla. No family should be without them. The genuine have the words BROWM'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES" on the Government stamp around each box.—I>ondon Depot: 33, Farringdon-ro&a, and of all Patent Medicine Vendors.
HA WARDEN. VOLUNTEERS' MARCH OUT.-The Hawarden Company of the 2nd V.B. Royal Welsh Fusiliers had a route march on Saturday afternoon. Captain Swetenham and Lieutenant C. Hurlbutt were in charge. Leaving Hawarden about 2.30, they proceeded via Ewloe, Buckley, and Pentrobin, arriving back in Hawarden about 5.30. Refreshments, provided by Captain Swetenham, were served out to the men at Pentrobin. The company was about 60 strong.
FRODSHAM. SCRIPTURE REPORT.—The following is the report of the Diocesan Inspector of the recent examination in religious knowledge:—Girls' school: This school of four groups was in perfect order, and has been very carefully and diligently taught. All the groups did very well, and a good deal of intelligence was shewn among the elder scholars, whose written work- both abstract and catechism-was exceedingly good. The prayer book subject also was very well known. Where all did so well, special praise is due to Standard 1. and II., the latter writing out the Baptismal Covenant almost without a mistake, and shewing a very compe- tent knowledge of the Lord's Prayer. The prayer book was good. Written work was on the whole good, as was also the repetition and singing.
ALPRAHAM. THE WATER QUESTION.—At the Nantwich Rural District Council on Saturday Mr. Daven- port reported that the measuring up of the communication pipes on the Alpraham Water Works had been completed. On the Egerton Water Works the arrival of the girders and meter chamber cover was duly expected. When these and the new lugs for the hydrants had arrived, a few days should finish off these works. In Cholmondeley the houses were being connected with the new mains.—A letter was read from Mr. Cawley, stating that Lord Tollemache would decline to guarantee the extension of the water mains to Mr. Wood's farm in Alpraham, as he believed that it was the duty of the township to extend the mains; and he hoped that this would be done at once, seeing how badly Mr. Wood required the water.—The matter was adjourned to see if any arrangement might be possible.— A letter was also read from Mr. Cawley with reference to the proposed water supply to Peckforton. He believed that the requirements of the township could be met at less expense by the owners than by an extension of the public mains.—The Medical Officer and the Engineer were instructed to report on the subject.
MOLD. WAR FUND.-It was mentioned at the Urban Council meeting on Tuesday that the amount collected in aid of the War Fund up to date was E738 10s. 5d. A further sum of R50 had been collected in aid of the Welsh Hospital in South Africa. A peace celebration" fund has been opened at the bank. RAILWAY COMPANY AND PASSENGERS' Lua- GAGE, &c.-In reply to Mr. J. E. Davies, the clerk at the Council meeting reported that the efforts of the Council in approaching the railway company as to the extent of the altera- tions at the Mold Station, the issuing of tourist tickets to Mold, and the free delivery of passengers' luggage throughout the Council's district, had been Unsuccessful.—It was decided that the General Purposes Committee be instructed to take up the matter of the issuing of tourist tickets, while on the luggage question the Clerk was instructed to ask the railway company to define their present area for free delivery. DEATH OF A BANK ACCOUNTANT.-The death of Mr. R. T. Parry, accountant at the Mold branch of the North and South Wales Bank, took place in London on Tuesday evening. Mr. Parry's health had for some months been the cause of grave misgivings among his friends. His visit to London was to consult a specialist. Mr. Parry served a portion of his apprenticeship at the Mold branch of the North and South Wales Bank. He was removed to the Chester Office, and subsequently returned to Mold in the capacity of accountant, and was closely identified with the work of the county treasurer and county accountant. Sympathy is expressed on all sides for the young widow and her two infant sons.
TATTENHALL. BIBLE SOCIETY.-On Saturday the annual meeting of the British and Foreign Bible Society was held in the institute. Mr. George Barbour presided, and he was supported by the rector (the Rev. C. L. Arnold), the Rev. J. Clark, Ac. The Chairman announced that Miss Brierley had collected X13 3s. 3d. Miss Bishop, the famous Eastern traveller, who is a daughter of one of the late rectors of Tattenhall, gave an interesting address. The collection taken subsequently amounted to about E8. HOME FOR WAIFS AND STRAYS. -The Rev. Charles L. Arnold requests us to publish the following letter which he has addressed to Mr. Lees, Police Court Missionary, Northwich :—Sir,—The attention of the com- mittee of the Tattenhall Home for Waifs and Strays has been called to a report of a case brought before the magistrates at the Eddia- bury Petty Sessions on Monday, October 29th. A boy is brought ap for theft; he evidently bears a very bad character. You are reported as saying that you will try to get admission for him into the Tattenhall Boys' Home. The committee are forced to the conclusion that you entirely misconceive the character of this home. It is not a reformatory or industrial school, nor is it intended to supplement such institutions. The remarks attributed to you are calculated to convey a wrong impression to those who may read them, and to injure the character of our home. In calling your atten- tion to the matter the committee desire to express a hope that no remarks tending in this direction may be made for the future. The committee intead to communicate this letter to the public press.—Believe me, yours faithfully, (signed) CHARLES L. ARNOLD, Chairman of the Tattenhall Home Committee.
WAIFS' AND STRAYS' SOCIETY.—A concert in aid of this society is advertised to take place on Tuesday, November 20th, at Newgate-street Assembly Rooms. Miss Ellen Arthan, by whom the concert is given, is an associate of the Royal College of Music at Manchester, who was trained under Professor Dayas, a pupil of Liszt. The Rev. C. H. Hylton Stewart, vicar of New Brighton, has promised to assist, and the members of the Royal Manchester College of Music will give their services to aid the charity.
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