DUKE OF WESTMINSTER'S HOME- COMING. ♦ THE CITY'S WELCOME. In response to a request by the Mayor, a number of representative citizens assembled in the Council Chamber of the Town Hall on Thursday afternoon. The Mayor presided, and the attendance included the High Sheriff of the county (Mr. B. C. Roberts), the Sheriff (Mr. R. lt »mb), the Dean, Archdeacon Barber, Canon hooper Scott, Canon Lynch, the Precentor (the Rev. H. H. Wright), the Rev. J. Cairns Mitchell, Rev. F. Barnes, His Honour Judge Wynne Ffoulkes, Colonel Sheringham, Drs. Taylor, Roberts, Duff, and King, Aldermen Thos. Smith, J. J. Cunnah, H. Stolterfoth, G. A. Dickson, W. H. Churton, and G. Dutton, Dr. J. C. Bridge, Messrs. John Thompson, F. Bullin, P. B. Iron- side Bax, F E. Roberts, Johnson Dickson, R. L. Barker,#. R. Thomson, H. Enfield Taylor, T. Wood, J. L. Kemp, T. Gibbons Frost, James G. Frost, John M. Frost, Amos, J. G. Holmes, F. W. Skipwith, R. B. L. Johnston, C. Cooper, E. S. Giles, F. F. Brown, R. Cecil Davies, W. Vernon, J. R. Rae, J. F. Lowe, W. Ferguses, J. Jones (Boughton), C. Greenhouse, J- W. Huke, W. F. J. Shepheard, W. Walley, J. Parry, G. Parker, G. R. Griffith, R. P. Bradbury, H. B. Dutton, H. G. Little, J. Sheriff Roberts, F. Bolland, Meacock, Mowle, A. tamont, jun., G. B. Baker, S. Clemence, A. W. Butt, Richards, T. Hart Davies, R. E. Dodd, Barber, James Williams, W. Coventry, T. Wil- liamson, A. W. Jones, the Town Clerk (Mr. S. Smith), the Chief Constable (Mr. J. H. Lay- bourne), the Clerk of Committees (Mr. W. Peers), &c. Apologies for absence were received from the Bishop, Dr. Dobie, and Colonel Evans-Lloyd. The Mayor, at the outset, tendered his thanks to the meeting for the hearty response they had made by their attendance that afternoon to the invitation he had issued, at the request of the Council, that they would kindly meet him and the members of the Council to consider how best to mark the auspicious occasion, which would be within the next few days, of the return of the Duke of Westminster to this country from South Africa. The circumstances of the Duke's accession to his title and estates were of some considerable interest to the people of Chester. The close association which the House of Eaton had always had with Chester, and the many acts of kindness which they, as a city, had always received at their hands, had endeared to them very much the House of Eaton, and more especially the head of that House for the time being. On the present occasion there was an exceedingly interesting fact. When the Duke succeeded to his title as a very young man under 21 years of age, he was serving his country in South Africa. He did return formally, but only for a few days on his succession to his title, immediately returning to his duties in South Africa. That was a very interesting fact which was of interest to all ages as a part of the history of the city. He felt, and the Council felt, that it would be the sincere wish on the part of the citizens of Chester to mark that interesting occasion by some signal mark of sympathy with the Duke on his accession to the title. This was the first opportunity they had of doing that. When his Grace came of age he was absent; he was performing his duties in South Africa and, in addition, his coming-of-age followed very closely upon the lamented death of his grandfather. That was really the first opportunity they had, first of all, of marking their congratulations upon his attaining his majority also their congratulations to him on his succession to the title and estates. He thought in the Council they had rightly gauged the feeling of the public, as was evinced by their attendance that day. Among others they were glad to welcome there was the Dean, whose duties would take him elsewhere in a few minutes. He begged to formally pro- pose the following resolution, which he would a.ik the Dean to second:—" That this meeting of citizens cordially approves the resolution of the Council forming a committee to make suit- able arrangements for giving a hearty welcome to his Grace the Duke of Westminster, on his return from South Africa, and celebrating his majority and his accession to the title and estates; and that the names of those persons to be mentioned be added to the committee, with power to add to their number." The Dean, in seconding, said the House of Eaton had for generations laid the city under deep obligation. The memory of the late Duke was fresh in their minds, and it would never fade from the recollection of those who had had the privilege of knowing him and transacting business with him, for in addition to his courtesy and kindness they all had experience of the very keen, practical interest he betrayed in all the subjects he took up, and not only that, but the sound, practical advice he could give them. In passing that resolution they ought to pledge themselves to do their utmost according to their ability to enable the committee to fulfil their duty of offering the Duke a hearty welcome. He did not know what they would call upon the Cathedral to do, but what the Mayor called upon them to do they would do. If it was their desire their church bells would ring and add to the hearty welcome, as he had no doubt other church bells would. (Hear, hear.) The proposition was carried. The High Sheriff next moved that an executive committee be formed to carry out the arrangements, and that it be empowered to add to its numbers and appoint a sub-committee. Archdeacon Barber, in seconding, asked whether it was yet known on what day the Duke would come to the city. The Mayor: It is still a matter of doubt, but so far as I can see it will be on Tuesday, November 6th. Archdeacon Barber said he asked that question because it had occurred to him that the Diocesan Conference was on the 7th and 8th, and he knew that that would necessitate the absence from Chester of the Bishop and others who would like to be present on such an occasion as the home-coming of the Duke of Westminster. Since his grand- father's death, the Duke had been in the Cathedral; his Grace was there at that very touching service when a farewell was given to the Yeomanry, and he (the Archdeacon) recalled the way in which the Duke came over with the Eaton party and joined in that service. They shewed their appreciation of those who loyally and bravely came forward to fight for their country in South Africa. The Mayor said at present everything was undecided, but so far as he could gather the Duke was expected to land in England on November 2nd. He would be in Cheshire on the following Monday, and they hoped to be able to make arrangements so as to. hold the celebration on Tuesday, November 6th. November 7th and 8th were dates which had been mentioned, but they were not found convenient, as the archdeacon had said, and the 9th was a day in which they were generally engaged in that room. (Laughter.) The proposition was carried, and the follow- ing were appointed on the Executive Com- mittee :-The Mayor, the Deputy Mayor, the Sheriff, the High Sheriff, the Dean, the Arch- deacon, Sir Horatio Lloyd, Canon Cooper Scott, Canon Lynch, Colonel Smith, Colonel Sheriff Roberts, Drs. Roberts, Taylor, Duff, Messrs. J. G. Holmes, Thomas Smith, J. J. Cunnah, G. R. Griffith, A. Lamont, junr., J. L. Kemp, George Parker, James Frost, John Frost, R. B. L. Johnston, R. L. Barker, T. Gibbons Frost, J. M. B. Mowle, H. Enfield Taylor, F. F. Brown, W. H. Churton, E. S. Giles, Geo. Dickson, John Thompson, W. F. J. Shepheard, James Parry, H. B. Dutton, F. W. Skipwith, F. Bullin, T. B. Meacock, P. B. Iron- side Bax, and R. Cecil Davies. On the proposition of the Mayor, seconded by Mr. Cunnah, the Town Clerk and Mr. J. R. Thomson were respectively appointed hon. secretary and hon. treasurer. The Mayor pointed out that there were one or two things which would have to be considered in discussing what form the celebration should take. In the first place they must not forget that it was not twelve months since the late Duke's death, and he had some reason to believe that it would not be in accordance with the wishes of the family that there should be any great demonstration in the way of festivities within so recent a period of the Duke's death. The ceremony, whatever it was, should be of a comparatively formal character, and there should be nothing in the shape of a public banquet or a public luncheon. They should also re- member that the Duke was coming back from active service in South Africa at a time when all their minds were very much exercised, of course, about the events of the war, and more especially with regard to the return of the troops. The Duke was a very, very junior officer, and therefore, he believed, it would Tlot be considered etiquette to give him any- thing in the shape of a military welcome. They would all understand that point, he was sure, when he reminded them of the troops and officers in high position who were about to return, and would receive at the hands of England a most hearty welcome. It would rather detract from that if so junior an officer as the Duke of Westminster received any great military demonstration upon his return to this country. Therefore it seemed to him that the celebration would have to a cer- tain extent to be of a very formal character under the circumstances, and he asked them to bear that in mind when they came to consider what should be the actual celebration. The Town Clerk suggested that the children of the town should have some entertainment. On the last occasion they had anything of the kind the children were entertained in their several schoolrooms. He moved that part of the celebration took the form of giving the school children a treat in their own schools. Mr. W. Ferguson seconded, and the motion was carried. The Mayor took it as a matter of course that an address of welcome would be presented to the Duke. Mr. J. R. Thomson In this room I suppose ? The Mayor was afraid that room was hardly sufficiently capacious for the purpose. He suggested that the Duke should be met formally somewhere; either at the station, or if he came from Saighton or Eaton at the boundary of the city, and that he should be brought to that building, or the Market Hall one, and the address presented to him in the presence of as many citi- zens as could be accommodated in the space. It seemed to him that the Market Hall was the only place where a large number of citizens could be accommodated, and it could be decor- ated for the ceremony. The Sheriff was very glad to hear the Town Clerk suggest that they should rocognise the children in the matter, and be should also like to propose that they recognise the aged poor. Mr. J. R. Thomson seconded, and it was carried. Mr. J. L. Kemp suggested that some blankets should be given to the poor. They could be given away with good justice at the present moment. The Mayor proposed that an address from the Mayor, Corporation, and citizens be presented to his Grace, and that the ceremony take place in the Market Hall. Mr. Thomas Smith seconded, and it was carried. Mr. Holmes thought some decoration of the city should be adopted, not only by private residents, but also by the committee. Mr. Cunnah added a suggestion to the effect that the school children should have a holiday on that day. The Mayor was afraid that that was out of their province, and that it was a matter for the managers. Mr. Vernon suggested that the people in the Union should be remembered at the same time. On the proposition of the Sheriff, seconded by Dr. Stolterfoth, it was decided that a sub- scription list be opened, and that the several Chester banks be asked to kindly receive sub- scriptions. In reply to a query as to the probable amount of money that would be required, The Town Clerk said basing the figures on the recent cost of entertaining the children and old folks, and taking into consideration the cost of advertising, printing, postages and so on, he thought the resolutions of that meeting would commit them to an expenditure of from 9700 to X800. The meeting concluded with a vote of thanks to the Mayor for presiding, which was accorded on the proposition of Canon Cooper Scott, seconded by Mr. Johnston. POSTPONEMENT OF THE TREATS. It was officially announced on Monday morning that it had been decided that the treats to the school children and aged poor, suggested at Thursday's meeting, shall, in deference to the wishes of the Duke's family, be postponed for the present. An illuminated address will be presented in the Market Hall on Tuesday, the 6th November, at an hour to suit the convenience of the Duke, and which has yet to be fixed. Admission to the Market Hall will be afforded to members of the Town Council, city magistrates, officials of public institutions, and a certain number, as far as can be, of the general public. It is not contem- plated to do much in the way of public decoration except that the Eastgate will be decorated and the interior of the Market Hall will be made as comfortable as can be for the occasion. In addition to this, no doubt the citizens will put out banners at their respective business premises.
HOME-READING UNION. 0 We have received from the National Home- Reading Union, of which Mr. R. A. Yerburgh, M.P., is the vice-chairman of the Council, a circular embodying suggestions of special value to clergymen and, in fact, everyone interested in the training of the young. The National Home-Reading Union's aims and objects are too well known to require recapitu- lation here. It is gratifying to know that itq laudable efforts are being more and more appreciated. The circular propounds a method for conducting a reading circle class in a day or evening school, or in a week-evening social circle, consisting of a Sunday school class, shewing that such a reading circle may profitably combine, as the Education Depart- ment recommends, reading and elocution. Two classes are necessary in order to obtain a full school grant. For the study of second class vocal music is suggested. The interest awakened in these circle classes must, if con- ducted on such social lines as those laid down in the circle, give much pleasure to the scholars, and fill their homes with new bright- ness and enjoyment. The average attendance at circle classes established in an institute last winter and conducted on similar lines, was 67 each evening, and the grant earned was X24 12s. 6d., in addition to which a profit of over R8 was made at an entertainment at the close of the session.
WELSH HOSPITAL FOR CONSUMPTIVES. 4 SANATORIUM IN FLINTSHIRE. Arrangements are being made which will, it is expected, in a short time, result in the erection in Flintshire of a hospital or sana- torium for the treatment of patients suffering from consumption. The scheme owes its inception to Mr. W. J. Crossley, of Manchester, who, it is understood, will not only erect the institution at his own cost, but will also liberally endow it. The intention is to give a thorough and systematic trial to the open-air treatment of tuberculosis. The essential ele- ment of this treatment is a pure, dry and bracing air and a water supply of absolute purity. The selection of the site in Flintshire has been made after very careful consideration by a number of the chief medical authorities upon tuberculosis. It is situated on the estate of the Duke of Westminster, between Halkyn and Rhydymwyn, principally com- prising the farm known as Lygan Uchaf, near Moel Gaer, a well known and dominating mountain. The Duke of Westminster has given his permission for the sale of the required land to the promoters of the institu- tion. The scheme provides for the erection of a great central resident institution for the patients and a number of small bungalows on the south-west slope of Moel Gaer, to which the patients will proceed in the day time in order to gain the full advantage of the pure, dry air for which this mountain range is famous. The whole of the land area is to be afforested with pine trees, another essential to the treatment of tuberculosis by the open-air system. The inhabitants of the district and of the county generally are manifesting a lively interest in the scheme.
LIVERPOOL AND LORD ROBERTS. — At the Liverpool City Council, on Wednesday, Lord Mayor Cohen proposed that the freedom of the city be conferred upon Lord Roberts for his distinguished services in South Africa. The leader of the Conservative party seconded the proposition, which was supported by the acting leader of the Liberal party. The Nationalists also expressed approval, and the resolution was adopted unanimously.
DREAMY NOTES ON CHESTER. [CONTRIBUTED.] Unique in England, a possession to be proud of, what picture of her lives in our mind's eye ? Her streets keep still the old Roman form and cross each other squarely where old St. Peter's Church stands sentinel over the rude traffic below. Old houses are ranged in these streets, many gabled, leaning crookedly, with upstart copies of themselves crowding between. Walls, intact and strong, surround her, and they have stood for long years, as you will know better than I can tell you if you walk upon them and read your guide-book, as every visitor should. The walls do not now pretend to surround all of her, overgrown as she is on every side, but they protect, shall we say, her vitals "-her beautiful Cathedral, silent wit- ness of good men's deeds, grave guardian of their bones, her civic buildings, her market place, and many homes of rich and poor. And who thinks of Chester without one chief jewel which is set outside this stone circlet, St. John the Baptist, a true mine of interest to the antiquary, a joy even to the .unlearned ? Nor is our picture complete, if such a brief sketch may claim in any sense .completeness, without the river Dee, as it sweeps round the south corner of the City Wall, races over the stone weir and beneath the old Handbridge, whose strong piers have withstood winter floods and the daily ebb and flow of tide for long years. The tourist notes all this with keen eye and hurries en. The artist lingers to sketch her, and the antiquary to dig among her stones. They love her for what she is, a survival, a witness of past days more picturesque, more poetic than the present time. They would not have her changed, they look askance at the grand schemes of a progressive Town Council. Touch her not," they say, bring no new invention here, to destroy her charm. Let progress stop outside her Walls. She is dead, let her rest in peace." But the dreamer, idly standing apart from these on the old bridge, while the sun sets in the west and touches with gold glory the towers and walls above him, thinks, and wonders, and asks questions. In his thought the city is not dead; deep in the heart of her he hears the throb of life, and recognizes that life means growth and change, pushing, striving, vigorous, shrill whistle of engine, grime of smoky chimney, brilliance of electric light, improvements," actual. or in the air, on every side. Rumour predicts very soon the push and bustle of electric trams, gaunt hoardings display advertisements in every degree of crude hideousness. New streets grow, new buildings spring up as though by the magic of Aladdin's Genii, and it is hard to recognize the originals of the old prints we know so well in the busy, bustling thorough- fares of the city. "Abominable," say the tourist, the artist, the antiquary, with a shudder, as they hear of fresh changes, it is desecration, sacrilege Inevitable," answers the dreamer, aye, and right. Meet is it changes should control Our being, lest we rust in ease. Nine o'clock strikes from the Cathedral tower, and the curfew, weird legacy from a civic despotism, clangs into the deepening twilight, dying away as darkness quickly gathers. It is lucky that our dreamer is not afraid of ghosts, for thoughts and memories define their shapes, and draw near to invade his solitude. Tears are not yet dry that one of these, greatly beloved, should be but a memory, a lover of all beauty. What street in the old city bears not his epitaph Remember ? Yet he feared not to change, to improve, to sweep away foul courts where sin in many forms found shelter. With other brave spirits he helped, if one may use a well-worn simile, to Ring out the old, ring in the new, Ring out the false, ring in the true, though it meant toil of mind and body, and deep personal self-sacrifice, not touched by the mere money-spending, which he carried through as a sacred trust. Where would have been their works of piety, of charity in its best sense, if they had let things be, and not faced fresh needs and supplied them, not allowing the proverbial sluggishness of a cathedral town to strangle good intention ? Where would have been the Cathedral but for Dean Howson, to whose memory the noble restoration stands, and a fitting memorial will its south transept be when finished to his great and honoured fellow-worker ? Life and change in such sense as this have worked wonders in our city, and we may not grumble if, working through less refined channels, it sometimes asserts its energy too aggressively. Here stand the King's School, the Queen's School, and others, the whole Royal family, so to speak, represented by schools of varying rank; the Infirmary, with its convalescent homes, the fever hospital, and the several insti- tutions for nursing sick and poor—doors opened at no small cost and sacrifice to lost and suffering souls; the Museum, centre of things practical, artistic, scientific. We do well to thank the providence which brought Charles Kingsley to Chester to live awhile among us and lay the foundation for so useful a memorial. And still the energy works* and will not be withstood. This the dreamer well knows and is glad, though his conscience tells him that he must stand no longer idly dreaming, but must humbly follow the crowd if he may not lead it in the ways of light and progress. Looking back he regrets not, looking forward he fears not, for though the old stones of the city will fall apart in time, yet her true life will be immortal. For manhood is the one immortal thing Beneath time's changing sky, And, where it lightened once from age to age, Men come to learn, in grateful pilgrimage, That length of days is knowing when to die.
PHILOSOPHIC LECTURE AT CHESTER. » The first meeting of the winter session in connection with the Natural Philosophic Sec- tion of the Chester Science and Art Society took place in the Lecture Room of the Gros- venor Museum, on Thursday night, when a fairly large audience listened to a lecture entitled Ancient and Modern Theories of Matter," by Mr. H. I. Bax. In introducing the lecturer, Mr. G. Watmough Webster, the chairman, said he could not conceive a more interesting subject than the one on the agenda that night for discussion. It was one which unveiled problems that had the greatest fascination for some of the highest intellects that had investigated philosophic phenomena from the very birth of science down to the present time-from the time when the ancients believed that all matter was referable to a single primeval form down to the present day, when chemists divided it into nearly 100 forms. Many scientists had tried to describe what matter really was. It had been defined as I stuff, substance, and so on, which might be a definition, but not a description. No doubt the audience had heard of the investigator who had designed to give a meaning to the impenetra- bility of matter, and decided to use good Anglo- Saxen words and called it "the unthoroughfare- nes9 of stuff." Mr. Bax then delivered his lecture, which, to the unscientific, would be somewhat uninteresting, but as most, if not all of those present, were members of the philosophic section, and had a fair knowledge of the subject, the remarks of Mr. Bax proved to be both interesting and instruc- tive. He explained that the first theories were lost in antiquity, and that they probably originated in India. The Egyptians believed in a primal substance, and hence sought to transmute the base metals into gold. Their chemistry was a sacred profession. Mr. Bax went on to say how Greek philosophy influenced all Egyptian thought on their theories, and spoke of how different philosophers differed as to the original substance. The lecture was well illustrated by the lantern manipulated by Mr. J. D. Siddall. At the close a hearty [vote of thanks was accorded Mr. Bax.
THE C.I.V. HOME-COMING. PUBLIC DISAPPOINTMENT. ARRIVAL OF THE AURANIA. On Saturday London was fully prepared for the enthusiastic reception of her Volunteers. There could not have been a finer day for the great function. After a spell of foul weather the fortunate change had come; no rain fell to mar the holiday; the sky was overcast, but occasionally the sun shone out brightly between the fast-driving storm clouds, lending a further splendour to the myriads of flags that fluttered in the strong wind all along the line of route. It will long be remembered as the day of great disappointment-surely the greatest on record —for the disappointmentould be numbered in millions, and it was with intense eagerness that they had been looking forward to this day of soul-felt welcome. It was realised that in appointing Saturday for the triumphal march through London of the returning Volunteers the authorities were making no allowance for possible accidents. rhe Aurania had nothing in band when she left St. Vincent. A fog or a strong head wind might cause her to come into port too late; but the day having once been fixed everybody felt, with an almost superstitious faith, that a fiasco so huge and so cruel as the non- appearance of the troops on Saturday to the millions who stood awaiting them was an impossible thing, and all were blindly confident that the transport would reach Southampton at the appointed time. On board the Aurania, tossing on stormy seas, no such confidence was felt, and Colonel Mackinnon thought of putting into Madeira to telegraph his doubts as to the possibility of the vessel's arriving at an early hour on Saturday. It is a pity that the message was not sent. It was quite four o'clock when the liner rounded Calshot and entered the home stretch of Southampton Water. The Union Castle liner Kinfauns Castle came in just before her, the two ships having exchanged greetings off the Isle of Wight. The Kinfauns Castle reported the prevalence of heavy head seas for some days, and it was the weather alone that delayed the transport with the C.I.V., and prevented the officers and men from keeping their engagement with their fellow-citizens in town. Perhaps the authorities in fixing the date of the reception, had, to use a collo- quialism, "Cut it rather fine." There was little or no margin for contingencies having regard to the known speed of the transport and the possibilities of rough weather. The disheartening news of the postponement of the ceremony did not reach Paddington until about eleven, and indeed the bulk of the seat- holders had already taken their places on some parts of the line of route; but the report ran down Fleet-street shortly after tan-for some of the newspaper offices posted the announce- ments in their windows-first, that the Aurania was still far down Channel, and then that the procession had been postponed until Monday. Men read it in dismay. Oh, it is too cruel to be true," a woman was heard to cry. Men who had secured early editions of the evening papers had to read the news to the people surrounding them* It was a bitter disappointment, and one could not but deeply sympathise with it; for these were people whose hearts had warmed at the thought of their feUow citizens who had fought so well for their country, and they longed to welcome them with ringing cheers. LONDON'S WELCOME. SPLENDID PAGEANT. No language can adequately describe the scenes in London on Monday. The vocabulary has been beggared by occasions which, though great, were far from being so tremendous as this one. The reception of the City Imperial Volunteers has left all other demonstrations of national feeling far, far behind, and it is difficult to believe that the record can be broken without grave danger. Crowds as resistless as a stormy sea swept away files of constables and soldiers. The procession was stopped in places, or had to deviate from its pre-arranged route; men,.women, and children were carried off their feet, and trampled beneath the boots of others, who were themselves the helpless straws in a turbulent tide. Not only from the swarms congesting the streets, but from tens of thousands bunched in windows, packed in balconies, perched on parapets, cling- ing to buttresses, an immense and prolonged roar went up to greet the brave fellows who have suffered so patiently and fought so well; and above the heads waved frantically to and fro a forest of flags, hats, handkerchiefs, umbrellas, and what not. Right on through the evening the crowds continued to give vent to their feelings. During the rejoicings there was rather more than usual of premeditated rowdyism, and life and limb were sacrificed to the brutish sport of the London rough. The City Imperial Volunteers landed at Southampton Docks from the Aurania shortly after eigh o'clock on Monday morning. Before leaving the ship they had been paraded to hear a message from the Queen expressing her pleasure to hear of the safe arrival of the Aurania, trusting that all on board were well, and wishing to know what sort of a passage they had had. The Volunteers were despatched in four trains, the last of which started shortly after 10 a.m. Many of the places through which they passed on the way to London were decorated, and cheering crowds had gathered at the stations and at various places on the side of the line. All the trains had reached Paddington by one o'clock, and after the men had been duly marshalled in the order previously announced, and addresses of welcome from the Paddington and Marylebone Vestries presented and acknow- ledged, the procession left the station on the march to St. Paul's Cathedral. The route was profusely decorated. It was nearly five o'clock before the last of the City Imperial Volunteers had entered St. Paul's Cathedral. There a brief but appropriate service was gone through, including a short sermon by the Bishop of Stepney. The Volunteers then re-formed in the churchyard, and proceeded by way of Cheapside, amid renewed demonstrations of popular enthusiasm and welcome, to the Guild- hall, where they were received, in presence of a large and brilliant company of guests, by the Lord Mayor and Corporation. The Lord Mayor welcomed them in a stirring address; General Trotter read a special Army Order embodying the thanks of the Commander-in-Chief and the Army to the regiment for its patriotic services and gallant and soldier-like conduct; and Colonel Mackinnon briefly responded for his comrades and himself, Then followed the closing function of an eventful day-the banquet to the regiment in a marquee on the ground of the Honourable Artillery Company at Finsbury. In all, more than 2,500 guests sat down, under the presidency of the Lord Mayor, and in the general enthusiasm which prevailed the speech-making was neces- sarily brief. Responding to the toast of The Imperial Forces," Lord Wolseley read messages from the Queen associating herself with the enthusiastic welcome accorded to the City Imperial Volunteers by the people of London that day, expressing the pride and satisfaction with which she had received unvarying reports of their gallant and soldier-like conduct during the dangers and hardships of the campaign, and alluding in pathetic terms to her sympathy with the relatives of those who have fallen, and to her own loss of a dear and most gallant grand- son. The toast of "The City Imperial Volunteers "was proposed by the Lord Mayor and suitably acknowledged by Colonel Mackinnon, and the proceedings were shortly thereafter brought to a close. BISHOP OF CHESTER AND THE C.I.V.'S. Speaking at a missionary meeting for the five parishes of Wallasey in St. John's Hall, Egremont, on Monday evening, the Lord Bishop of Chester, who presided, referred to the combination of the five parishes in Wallasey in that meeting, which he said typified and represented the loyal and intelligent cohesion that there was among the parishes in the Wallasey district. He proceeded to say that at that hour London was in a thrill of exultant excitement in welcoming home the City Imperial Volunteers. (Loud applause.) He (the speaker) was in London on Saturday morning, and he saw there the huge pre- parations. In addition to the general decora- tions, the cabs and horses were all trimmed with bunting. What did all this mean to these cabmen P They were not to join in the festive proceedings. They felt that these men had gone abroad to serve their country, and in many instances to lay down their lives, and, therefore, their hearts Irent forth to them in enthusiasm. They in this district were sharing those feelings; but, more than that, they must feel that their enthusiasm must have a Christian cast of colour about it. They must feel that all those things which had been done would help to bear into our Christian Empire the true spirit of our Master, Christ, and make it a Christian Imperialism through and through. (Applause.) Was not that the deepest and dearest conviction of our hearts ? Might they be enabled to work the thought and feeling in some shape or other out into practical life.
CHESTER INFIRMARY CONTROVERSY. (See also page 6.) 4 Mr. F. J. Warmsley, secretary to the Chester General Infirmary, has sent the following letter to Mr. Turnock, clerk to the Board of Guardians, in reference to the much-discussed case of John Williams:— Sir,-I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter of the 24th inst., in which you ask for any observations that the Infirmary Board may wish to offer in reference to the case of John Williams, on whose body an inquest was held on the 22nd inst. I am desired to inform you that the matter has been carefully investigated by a special committee, consisting of the Weekly Committee and the members of the honorary medical staff of the Infirmary. The committee are satisfied-(l) That the patient was rightly transferred from the Infirmary to the Workhouse, in accordance with a practice which has prevailed between the two institu- tions for many years past, namely, that as the rules of the Infirmary do not contemplate the reception of patients who are proper objects of poor law relief, such cases, whether admitted on an emergency or otherwise, should in due course be removed to the Union. Mr. Hamilton, the honorary surgeon, and Mr. Markby, the house surgeon, concurring that the patient in question should, in justice to the other patients in the hospital wards, be removed, and could be removed without risk to himself, the relieving officer was communicated with, requesting him to take the necessary steps. (2.) The relieving officer having accordingly brought a cab to the Infirmary, the fracture board was fixed inside in order that the patient could be removed in a semi-recumbent posture, it being acknowledged in surgical practice that splints are not adapted to cases of impacted fracture. A competent nurse and the Infirmary porter accompanied the man to the Union. The patient was dressed in a thick dressing-gown, the injured limb was kept from jarring and friction by means of a pillow and blanket, and he was conveyed at a walking pace without any sign of pain, the man dozing comfortably all the way. Upon this evidence the medical staff are unanimous in their opinion that the patient did not in any way suffer from his removal, and that his death could not have been at all accelerated by such removal. (3.) This is the more evident from the fact that so far from the man dying the morning after his arrival at the workhouse, as was stated by one of the members at your last meeting, he lived for seven days afterwards, namely, from the 12th to the 19th inst. The nurse states she left the man settled comfortably in bed, and that he certainly was not as alleged in a dying state, which disposes of the impression which might be gained from the coroner's remark that the man was dying when Dr. Archer saw him. (4.) The allegation that the man was in a filthy condition when Dr. Archer first saw him would suggest that he had been received from the Infirmary in that state. This suggestion is sufficiently answered by the evidence of the nurses, who state that from the date of the patient's admission to the Infirmary on the 1st October to the date of his removal to the Work- house he was day by day carefully washed, and that at four p.m. on the day he was received at the Union the nurse who accompanied him left him in bed at the Workhouse as clean as washing could make him. The Union Medical Officer did not, as would appear, see the patient until eight o'clock the same night, so that the condition in which he found him was no doubt attributable to accidental causes in the inter- vening period. (5.) The committee do not feel called upon to repudiate the suggestion that any distinction is made at the Chester Infirmary in the treatment of rich and poor; such a course is entirely opposed to the spirit in which the institution is governed.
ROYAL ALBERT ASYLUM. » ANNUAL REPORT. Yesterday (Tuesday) the general annual meeting of the Royal Albert Asylum was held at the Town Hall, Durham, the Rev. Canon Tristram, L.L.D., F.R.S. (chairman of the Durham County Committee), presiding. The thirty-sixth annual report of the Central Committee, signed by the Right Hon. Sir John T. Hibbert, K.C.B., as chairman, and presented by Mr. James Diggens, as principal and secre- tary, began with a reference to the connection of the city and county of Durham with the establishment and maintenance of the Royal Albert Asylum, mentioning especially the valuable services by the ladies of Durham, including the late Miss Dora Greenwell and Miss Jane Hays. The County of Durham Ladies' Association, originated chiefly by Miss Jane Hays in 1875, had collected for the institution no less than Rg,2,37 9s. 5d., and its example had stimu- lated the formation of ladies' associations in other counties of the North of England. At the date of the report there were 593 patients in the institution, viz., 397 boys and 196 girls. 265 belonged to Lancashire, 166 to Yorkshire, 54 to Cheshire, 49 to Durham, 28 to Cumberland, 13 to Westmorland, 13 to Northumberland, and 5 to other counties. The general income had been well sustained, not- withstanding the claims upon public bene- volence for special funds. The total amount received on maintenance account during the year had been £ 21,683 6s. 2d.; on sustentation fund (endowment) account, £ 5,256 2s. 6d.; on extension (Ashton wing) fund, X10,935 6s. IOd. and on estate and buildings improvement account, E167 8s. lid., from bank interest. The committee expressed their deep gratitude for the munificent donation of £ 10,000from Lord Ashton. The total amount collected by the Ladies' Association had been 92,962 16s. 8d., including a sum of X423 19s. 7d. from Cheshire. Regretful allusion was made to the death of the Duke of Westminster, a president of the institution and chairman of the Cheshire Committee. His Grace had evinced a cordial and generous interest in the Asylum. Mention was also made of the death of several members of the Central Committee—the Rev. C. Twemlow Royds and Mr. T. G. Edmondson, Lancaster; Mr. Charles Brown, Chester; and Mr. John Walker, Thornhill Lees, Dewsbury. The follow- ing gentlemen had been elected members of the committee Mr. Norval W. Helme, Lancaster Mr. 1. H. Storey, Lancaster; and Mr. J. G. Holmes, Chester. The report concluded with the following para- graph :—" The Central Committee think that, with those of the principal and the resident medical officer, ample evidence is furnished of the continued success of the Royal Albert Asylum, both with respect to the financial and other material progress, and as to the care, education, and training of the unfortunate children upon whose mental faculties there rests a dark cloud, which the institution seeks to lighten in a spirit of earnest, loving svm- pathy, and with the best scientific methods. The prosperity is beyond all expectation, and to the Divine favour it must be ascribed." The annual report of the principal (Mr. James Diggens) stated that the number of patients on the 30th June, 1900, was 593. viz., 397 boys and 196 girls. During the year there had been 74 admissions, 58 discharges and 11 deaths. The average number resident had been 594. The patients admitted were not below the average, in intelligence and physical condition, of the cases previously received. The resident medical officer (Dr. A. R. Douglas), in his report gave particulars respect- ing the 58 patients discharged during the year. Only six had failed to benefit from training. As to the 11 deaths, the death-rate had been 1*85 on the average number resident, and 1*66 on the aggregate number under care. The causes of death had been three from general tuberculosis, one from phthisis, one from pneumonia, two from meningitis, one from peritonitis, one from intestinal obstructions, one from epilepsy, one from acute bronchitis. The health of the patients generally had been excellent. In his report, prefixed to the balance-sheets, the professional auditor (Mr. W. G. Welch) said that in retiring from the office of auditor, which he had held for 26 years, he had always felt it a privilege to be connected with an institution which had made such excellent progress. The increase had been nearly threefold. The number of patients had risen from 201 to 594'; the annual income on maintenance account from £8,055 to £ 22,222; and the incouie-of the sustentation fund invest- ments from iE2,096 to £ 4,808.
CHESTER DIOCESAN CONFERENCE. The annual conference of the diocese of Chester will be held at Altrincham, on Wednes- day and Thursday, November 7th and 8th. The programme for discussion is of special import- ance. One of the chief resolutions on the agenda paper is one which will be moved by Mr. H. Hatt Cook, urging churchwardens and lay representatives of each parish in the diocese to make the support of the assistant clergy entirely a lay duty in their respective parishes, in view (1) of the fact that the inability of the clergy to obtain assistance is in some measure due to the lack of organised support on the part of the laity, and (2) of the further fact that the income of most of the livings in the diocese is insufficient for the incumbent himself, and should not there- fore be taxed to provide additional help necessary to meet the needs and require- ments of the laity. The Ven. Arch- deacon Barber will move: That the Lord Bishop be respectfully requested to appoint a committee to consider the desirability of forming a Church Mission to the Deaf and Dumb in the diocese." It will be moved by the Rev. Canon Gore, seconded by Mr. J. W. Sidebotham, "that this confer- ence of the clergy and laity of the diocese of Chester approves of the Bill for the Reform of Convocation, and for constituting houses of laymen in connection therewith, introduced by Sir Richard Jebb into the House of Commons, and respectfully requests the Lord Bishop to communicate this resolution to the Prime Minister, the Rt. Honble. A. J. Balfour, and Sir Richard Jebb." The Earl of Crewe and Lord Hugh Cecil, M.P., will speak upon this resolu- tion. The other resolution, which will be moved by the Ven. A. Goldwyer Lewis, is as follows:- That the Lord Bishop be respectfully re- quested to ask the Rural Deans to bring before their R. D. Chapters and Conferences the following resolution passed (on the motion of the Archbishop of Canterbury, seconded by the Archbishop of York) at the meeting in London of the committee of the whole Houses of the Convocations of Canterbury and York That this Conference of Convocations of the Church of England, sitting in committee, earnestly commends to all members of the Church of England the imperativo duty of pressing forward the great task of preaching the Gospel to the whole world." On the Wednesday evening a meeting will be held for men only, at which the Lord Bishop, Lord Hugh Cecil, M.P., and Mr. H. C. Richards, Q.C., M.P., will be the speakers.
BICENTENARY OF MATTHEW HENRY'S CHAPEL. « SIR JOHN. BRUNNER AND RELIGIOUS DIFFERENCES. The bicentenary of the founding of Matthew Henry's Unitarian Chapel, Trinity-street, was celebrated on Sunday by special services, the preacher at the evening service being the Rev. Principal Gordon, M.A.-(of H.M. College, Man- chester). On Monday a largely-attended public meeting was held in the chapel, under the presidency of Sir John Brunner, Bart., M.P., who holds the office of president of the British and Foreign Unitarian Association. He was accompanied by the Revs. J. K. Mont- gomery (the venerable former minister of the chapel), H. D. Roberts, H. E. Haycock (present minister), C. Hargrove, M.A. (Leeds), H. E. Dowson, B.A. (Gee Cross), and Dendy Agate, B.A. (Altrincham). Numerous senders of letters of apology for absence included Mr. S. Moss, M.P., the Mayor of' Chester, Mr. Herbert Gladstone, M.P., Sir Thos. and Lady Frost, the Rev. R. A. Armstrong (Liverpool), and several local Nonconformist ministers. The Chairman, who was cordially received, remarked that perhaps the sole reason for his invitation to the meeting was that he was presi- dent for the year of the British and Foreign Unitarian Association, but he had a better right to be present than that conferred upon him by his official position in that their chapel actually belonged to him in a legal sense- (laughter, and hear, hear)—as he was one of the trustees in whom the building was vested. He had had a gratifying reception in that old church, and had been greeted as he was always greeted wherever he went among Uni- tarians. He had met on several occasions all the gentlemen who were around him that even- ing, and the last time he saw Mr. Roberts the rev. gentleman cheerfully and confidently contemplated the new work he had un- dertaken at Garston. He (the Chairman) had dreamed on many occasions of late of starting a new Reformation—(hear, hear)—and perhaps the best way to start a Reformation in these days was to introduce a Bill in the House of Commons. What would they think if he brought in a Bill for the amendment of the Prayer Book P He wondered how many members of the House of Commons he would get to ballot for the chance of bringing in that Bill. If all the voting were to be by ballot he thought he would have good a many supporters -(hear, hear)—because the members of the House of Commons, he found, were much more advanced in their opinions than the average constituent. But as there was no hope of voting by ballot in Parliament he doubted very much whether such a Bill would have a chance, though historians told us there had been occasions on which it appeared we were on the eve of such a Reformation. Their friends of the Church of England were becoming, he thought, more and more keenly interested in themselves, and he would be very glad to encourage them in going on thinking about their position. (Hear, hear.) A clergyman who wrote to him a few days ago, taking a new interest in his recovered position aa member of Parliament, had asked whether he would support a Bill which had already been brought into the House of Lords by the Bishop of Rochester-he had not read a full description of it—a part of which seemed in favour of endowing the laity with a real voice in the appointment of their pastors. (Hear, hear.) But that voice was to be limited; it was to be within the limits of Church order. If that Bill came into the House of Commons, and he found this power was so restricted he would feel strongly inclined to move the omission of the words within the limits of Church order." If only they could endow the laity in every place of worship with absolute and unlimic-ed power to appoint their own pastors, he thought they would have taken a very great step towards freedom in religious matters. (Hear, hear.) In order to bring about the new Reformation of which he spoke, the better way would perhaps be to try and remind their Church of England friends what it was they believed, or rather officially believed. He found very few who knew what they officially believed, and he was glad to see that a friend had kindly undertaken to assist in this good work of reminding the members of the Church of England what it was they were bound to believe, for be had under- taken to publish a short and popular history of the creeds. If they could persuade their Church friends to read that history they would not only learn what it was they officially believed, but why they believed it. Their official beliefs had grown from century to century through the operation of what were called Church Councils, which, as far as his reading about them went, were very much like political caucuses of to-day, where there was continual intrigue from one side to another to obtain a majority, and all the things that were down in the creeds to-day were the result of chance majorities at these gatherings. He believed it would be extremely wholesome for them that these facts should be laid before them and taken to heart. At the conclusion of his speech, the chairman inti- mated his intention to bear the expense of two stained glass windows intended to be placed in Matthew Henry's chapel. Thoughtful and. eloquent addresses were given by the Rev. C. Hargrove, on the subject of" Our Heritage of Freedom," the Rev. H. E. Dowson on Our Spiritual Ancestry," and the Rev. D. Agate on or Old Principles and New Duties."—On the motion of the Rev. H. D. Roberts it was resolved, That the trustees and congregation of Matthew Henry's chapel offer their grateful thanks to the committee of the British and Foreign Unitarian Association and all other friends who have contributed to the fund for the restoration of this historic place of worship."—On the proposition of the Rev. H. E. Haycock votes of thanks were accorded to the chairman and the speakers, and the Rev. Principal Gordon for his services in the pulpit. A collection was made in aid of the chapel restoration fund.
WILL OF TIIZ LATE LORD RussBLL.-The will of the late Lord Chief Justice (Lord Russell of Killowen) has been entered at Somerset House, the total value of the estate being sworn at 4150,000.
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THE DUKE'S HOME-COMING. PROPOSED HALF-HOLIDAY. Sir,—It is thought desirable by a number of tradesmen that his Worship the Mayor should issue an invitation to the tradesmen generally to close their establishments on Tuesday, the 6th November, instead of Wednesday, in order to give the shop assistants an opportunity of enjoying themselves on the occasion. I hereby invite the Mayor's attention to the suggestion. -I am, Sir, yours, &c., A TRADESMAN.
OBJECT LESSON IN CHURCH REFORM. Sir,—In Bishop Chavasse's very interesting address to his diocesan clergy his 71ordsbip, in allusion to the project for a new cathedral for Liverpool, gives the following sketch of what he would consider an ideal clerical equipment for the Mother Church of the diocese: Attached to it (the cathedral) would be a staff of cathedral olergy, not holding other benefices, but living and working entirely for the diocese. There would be canons to whom would be entrusted, aa at Exeter, the oversight of religious education, the management of parochial missions, the super- vision of the junior clergy, the fostering of an interest in the spread of the gospel at home and abroad. There would be clergy able to look after vacant parishes and to go to the help of sick vicars. There would be others with special gifts for preaching who would assist the clergy by taking courses of sermons in Lent and Advent and by lecturing throughout the diocese on Christian evidences, Biblical criticism, Church history, and the best methods of Church work. In these days when so much is in the air about Church reform, is there not in the Bishop's weighty words a striking object lesson on the subject P And, moreover, is it not inferentially a significant criticism of the present application of the capitular endow- ments of the Church ?—Yours truly, CHITRCHMAN. October 25th.
THE ALLEGED INHUMANITY AT THE CHESTER INFIRMARY. Sir,—The above heading to a letter in the H Chronicle caught my eye a few days ago, and I read it through with mixed feelings. The amount of bathos so far exceeded the pathos as to render it perfectly ludicrous. The incon- gruous mixture of hedgrows, birds, barley water, feeding eup, and lady nurse became so confused that I came to the conclusion that the young man was still suffering from his accident, perhaps some pressure or another on the brain (result of the fall, of course); or could it be that he was a composer of flowery advertise- ments for the proprietor of certain patent medicines ? It appears to me, a common or garden trained nurse (but, I trust, with humane principles), that the case of poor old Williams was thoroughly sifted by the coroner at the inquest, and it was proved to his satisfaction that the man was removed to the Workhouse in an unfit condition. The superintendent nurse said that his condition was such as to induce her to send for the medical officer as soon as the man awoke. The medical officer arrived and said that he considered the man was in a dying state, and he did die," six days after admission. Then why the hedgerows, feeding cup, and lady nurse P Permit me to say that a woman, whether of noble birth or otherwise, is no good as a nurse unless she sinks every- thing and becomes one in real earnest. It is in the interest of humanity that her services are required, and as a soldier, she must carry out the orders of her superior officer or she is of no credit to her profession. It must be remembered that in cases of fever or in any disease where delirium is present, a nurse is called upon to hear the incoherent utterances of her patient, and if she takes exception or offence at language occurring at such times, she should, in my humble opinion, seek other occupation without delay.—I am, sir, faithfully yours, NURSE.
LIGHTIN G-UP TABLE. 0 All cycles and other v abides in the Chester district must be lighted up as stated in the following table:— P.M. Wednesday, October 31. 5.41 Thursday, November 1 5.38 Friday, November 2 5.37 Saturday, November 3 5.36 Sunday, November 4 5.34 Monday, November 5. 5.32 Tuesday, November 6 5.30
WEEKLY STATE OF THE CHESTER INFIBMABY* ENDSD SATURDAY LAST. IN-PATIENTS. In-patients are admitted on Tuesday mornings at Eleven o'clock. Ur-FATICHTS DISCHARGED. IN-FATH1TTB. Cured 14 Admitted 25 Relieved 7 Remain in the House 94 Blade Out-Fatients 0 Unrelieved 0 Dead 0 Unrelieved 0 Dead 0 noxis* v ultzors-Mrs. (jieggand Mrs. Granger. OUT-PATIENTS. Medical cases are seen on Monday, Wednesday. and Saturday mornings at Eleven o'clock. Surgical cases are seen on Thursday mornings at Eleven o'clock Ophthalmic cases are seen on Friday mornings at Eleven o'clock. Dental oases are seen on Tuesday and Saturday mornings at Ten o'clock. Oat-Patienta admitted srooe Saturdav last 96
ffirtftg, Igarrtagris, anb Beatftg. BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, and DEATHS are charged at the rate of 20 words for Is. (prepaid). If not prepaid, the charge will be 2s. 6d. The announcement must be authenticated by the Signature and Address of the Sender. BIRTHS. JONES—October 18, at Green Hill, Holywell, the wife of F. Llewellyn Jones, B.A., LL.B., solicitor, of a daughter. LLOTD-JOMIS—October 29, at Ardwyn, West Kirby, the wife of T. Lloyd-Jones, of a daughter. MARRIAGE. EVAS-PIERCE-October 23, at the Parish Chtfrch, Whitford, Holywell, by the Rev. Morris Jones, rector of Tilston, Cheshire, assisted by the vicar of the parish, and the Rev. Canon Jones, vicar of Mostya, the Bev. John Evans, vicar of Llandrillo, Merioneth, to Sarah Alice Lloyd, eldest daughter of the late Mr. Joseph Pierce, of Liverpool. DEATHS. BILYAN-October 23, Sarah Ann, the beloved wife of William Bryan, 129, Francis-street, aged 47 years. Du PUGET-October 28, at Fernville, Curzon Park, Rosamond du Puget. JOHNSON-October 21, at Bank House, Mold, William Henry Richard McDonald Johnson, aged 51 years.
MEMORIALS. JJ-L AT ALL PRICES, IN MARBLE, GRANITE, STONE & ALABASTER On View, and to Order. W. HASWELL & SON, MASONS, KALEYARDS, CHRRTER Estimates and Designs Free on application. Telephone No. 161A..
SIR WILLIAM CUNLIFFJS BROOKS'S WILL.-In the Court of Session, Edinburgh, on Tuesday, record was closed of the action by Amy, Marchioness of Huntly, against Captain Henry Brooks Gaskell and other trustees under the will of the late Sir William Cunliffe Brooks. Sir William died last June, and plaintiff, who is one of his daughters, seeks to have it declared that her father was a domiciled Scotch- man at the date of his death, for, although born in England, he had acquired large pro- perty in Aberdeenshire. The plaintiff claims the half of one-third of the deceased's personal estate, whereas, under the will, she gets only some trifling bequest and permission to reside at Aboyne Castle. She also asserts that the personal estate amounts to £ 3,000,000. The defendants deny that Sir William was a domiciled Scotchman, and say that the personal estate amounts to only five or six hundred thousand pounds. A similar action has been raised by Lady Brooks, the widow, who asks for her share as the relict instead of two pictures and money under her marriage-settlement of 1£1,500 a year. The bulk of the property has been left to grandchildren.
c RAWFORD'S KIEL J INGEBS FOR llFTERNOON T EA.