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I shall be pleased to answer any questions, and you can make any use of this letter for the public good.— 81, Mulkern Road, St. John's Road, Upper Holloway, N., May 25th, 1899." Sold by all Chemists and Stores throughout the world. Price 2s. 9d. and lift, per bottle. Beware of worthless imitations and substitutes. COCKLE'S PILLS, COCKLE'S PILLS, COCKLE'S PILLS, e In universal use since tho dawn of the century. A tried and trusted family medicine, prescribed by medical men for the common ailments of every- day life, such as r H ACIDITY. HEARTBURN, INDIGESTION. BILIOUSNESS. SICK HEADACHE. DISORDERED LIVER. These famous Pills will keep you in perfect health the stomach clean, the bowels free, the liver active, the head clear, and the skin and complexion pure and free from blemish. IN USE FOR 92 YEARS. o COCKLE'S PILLS. « COCKLE'S PILLSo • COCKLE'S PILLS, Cockle's Pills are purely vegetable- warranted free from mercury. May be bad throughout the United Kingdom, in Bç.=s ti 15- 144.. ;3.qd.. 4S. fed its, and :» 46 Great Omianjj Street, London, ART METAL WORK IN GATES AND GRILLES. ) B | p AL i II IRON HURDLES, WIRE FENCING, FIELD GATES, CORRUGATED IRON ROOFING, &c. W. H. PEAKE & SONS, M ANTJF ACTUBEBS, 25 & 27, SEEL STREET, LIVERPOOL. t SAVE HALF YOUR BAS BILLS BY U GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. DOUBLE THE LIGHT CAN BE OBTAINED BY THESE BURNERS, WITH HALF THE QUANTITY OF GAS USED IN THE OLD STYLE OF BURNER. PRICE COMPLETE FROM 2s. 6D. CAN BE ADAPTED TO ALL POSITIONS. Price Lists can be obtained, and a large selection of Burners, Shades and Reflectors seen at the Show Rooms and Offices, CHESTER -[JNITED QAS QOMPANT, CUPPIN STREET. I DR. MACKENZIE'S ARSENICAL SOAP for a pearly skin and brilliant Complexion. Chemists sell it. 6a. and 1 tablets. NOTHING ELSE LIKE IT. Sample box with Hints for the Complexion," for P. O. a/6 from S. Harvey, Ld.,London Bdge.S.B DR. 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&2ricuUu £ f. THE WEATHER AND THE CROPS. After the heavy downpour of Sunday week, which seemed to threaten the break-up of the season, the weather took a more favourable turn locally, and attended by a drier and clearer atmosphere as well as, at times, warm sunshine, has produced a veritable St. Luke's summer. Generally speaking, the rain and gales, which were common in the north, have not been at all unwelcome to farmers on either pastures or arable soils. On the latter ploughing and preparing for wheat-sowing have been carried on to a large extent during the week, and in not a few instances the seed has been got in on a good bed. Pastures, especially the water meadows, are still looking fresh and green, and there is a fair bite of grass for all kinds of stock, including dairy cattle, which have a free run out in the day time. Farmers in this district are as yet in no hurry to harvest their roots, except potatoes, which are being raised whenever the weather ia favourable. Complaints continue, however, as to the quantity and quality of the tubers, which are for the most part smalljand diseased. Unfortu- nately the complaint is by no means local. It is the same all over the country, and from the Lincolnshire Fen district in particular it is reported that scarcely half a crop of eatable potatoes will be secured, owing to disease and the dry season. As a consequence a dear market may be expected. Mangels, s.wedes; and turnips continue green, but the wisdom of leaving them above ground much longer is, to say the least, questionable, in view of night frosts, whieh have already set in; and although these may not prove severe for some weeks to come, no more uncomfortable work can be conceived than pulling and carting roots in wet weather, which may set in at any time now. The tone of the cheese markets during the past week was reported good all round. Rather more business was doing in English makes, especially ia finest grades. At Liverpool there was a good consumptive demand all the week, but with the prospect of higher quotations from across seas holders were firm, and there J" was no disposition to force trade. Market closed firm. London official quotations: Finest Cheddar 70s. to 74s., fine 66s. to 68s., other qualities 60s. to 66s.; Stiltons 9d. to lid. per lb.; Canadian, extra fancy coloured, 55s. to 56s., white 54s. to 55s. THE NEED FOR INSTRUCTION IN DAIRYING. In the course of an article in a contemporary, after dwelling at some length on the necessity fer skilled teachers in dairying matters, and questioning the competency of so-called young lecturers freshly turned out of agricultural colleges-all theory and very little practice— Professor James Long remarks on the best classes of cheese made in this country:—There can be no doubt that we make in these islands at least three of the finest varieties ef cheese known in the world. If they were made else- where, it is almost certain that they would be exported for our consumption, and we should be willing to pay high prices for them, and to place them upon our hotel and private tables, as we do the abominable Gorgonzola of Italy and some of the imitation cheeses of France. But this is England, and in consequence we are willing to keep all our best varieties at home, simply because, with all our business capacity, our manufacturers have, as a body, neither the skill nor the patience to make a sufficient quantity of the primest article, nor the energy to place it upon the foreign market. There is enormous scope for expansion in the great industry of which we are speaking. It may be true that we do not produce a sufficient quantity of the best cheese and butter to feed our people. That is our own fault, but we are able to obtain enormous quantities of a second- class article from abroad, for which reason we shall never be in anyiwant of cheese; therefore it is in our power to so increase the output of our best that we might literally export millions of pounds to the high-class consumers of other countries. This question should not be lost sight of. A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION. We read in a Staffordshire weekly contem- porary that Sir Oswald Mosley is about to put into practice a scheme which should result in appreciable benefit to the farmers on his estates. After consultation with the tenants concerned, he has decided to place 12 pure-bred shorthorn bulls on as many farms-the largest on the Rolleston Hall estate-which will be at the service of the tenants who keep them free of charge, while the smaller tenants will have the use of the bulls at a nominal fee. Four bulls will be located in the parish of Rolleston, five in the parish of Tutbury, and three in the town- ship of Anslow. The animals have been selected for their breeding, size, and quality from noted herds. (The experiment is tn bo a/v«ord«d A two years* trial, and it is to be hoped that it will fulfil the reasonable anticipations of the genetous instigator of the scheme. If the bulls are of the right class, as it is said they are, there should be no doubt as to the result. AGRICULTURAL RETURNS. The Board of Agriculture has issued a pre- liminary statement in advance of the annual volume of agricultural returns for 1900, giving complete information as to the extent and distribution of the cultivated land, the number and classes of live stock in the several divisions of the United Kingdom, up to the 4th June. From the returns it appears that the total acreage under corn crops was 8,707,391 acres, against 8,803,599 in 1899; the total of green crops was 4,301,774 acres, compared with 4,274,063 (inclusive of potatoes 1,227,569 acres, compared with 1,222,614 acres in 1899; 5,936,717 acres of permanent pasture were devoted to hay, against 5,839,379 acres in 1899, while there were 22,324,812 acres of permanent pas- ture not broken up compared with 22,261,293 acres in the previous year. The total head of cattle of all kinds was 11,454,902, compared with 11,344,696 in the previous year; sheep 31,054,547, against 31,680,225; pigs 3,663,669, against 4,003,589; and horses 2,000,402, com- pared with 2,028,092. RECORD PRICES FOR SHORTHORNS. The result of the recent sale of Messrs. Duthie and Marr's shorthorn bull calves at Tillycairn is singularly satisfactory at the present time. Of course such exceptional averages would be welcome under any cir- cumstances, but having been realised at a time when our best foreign market is closed and its representative buyers precluded from participating in the proceedings they are par- ticularly agreeable and significant. The events of the week in the north demonstrate very clearly that cattle breeding is in a very healthy state in this country, and that we are not to any undesirable extent dependent upon foreign supportjfor that prosperity. Averages of 2150 8s. 6d. for nineteen bull calves and R126 3s. 2d. for thirteen have never before been equalled. Mr. Duthie's average last year was E12,3 18s. for twenty calves and Mr. Marr's E116 18s. lOd. for sixteen, which were up till last week the best ever reeorded. POTATO-GROWING EXPERIMENTS IN SCOTLAND. Professor Wright, of the West of Scotland Agricultural College, who has been carrying out a series of experiments in regard to the manuring of potatoes, has published his com- plete report. The experiments were carried out on 17 farms in the counties of Ayr, Dum- barton, Haddington, and Perth, in 1899. The trials were mainly intended to shew what combination of artificials would do best with a half-dressing of farmyard manure, which form of potash would give best results, and how artificials alone would compare with the two classes of manure together, or with farmyard manure alone. The averages of ten farms with one variety of potatoes are given for com- parison in the report. The average of the unmanured plots was 4 tons 2 cwts. per acre of potatoes, and the highest average was 7 tons 14 cwt., obtained on plots dressed with 10 tons of farmyard manure, 4 cwt. of superphosphate, 2 cwt. of sulphate of ammonia, and 1 cwt. of sulphate of potash. Where the farmyard manure was doubled, and the sulphates of ammonia and potash were reduced to 1 cwt. each, the yield was practically the same, namely, 1 cwt. less, while 20 tons of farmyard manure alone gave 7 tons 61 cwt. Where artificials only were applied, 6 cwt. of superphosphate, 2 cwt. of sulphate of ammonia, 1 cwt. of nitrate of soda (as a top dressing after the first hoeing of the crop), and 2 cwt. of sulphate of potash gave 7 tons 3 cwt. of potatoes. An equivalent quantity of muriate of potash gave a little less where artificials only were used, but a little more where farmyard manure also was used, kainit being lowest in beth comparisons. APPLES FOR PIGS. Pigs, as is well known, are very fond of apples, and in the cider-making counties it is hard work to keep them from the orchards and apple heaps unless they are securely penned. In other counties where apples are plentiful as at this season, pigs manage to get a fair share of the fallings. They are quite wholesome for them, are much relished by stores, and are especially advised for breeding sows in modera- tion that get corn diet. Such as are bruised, partly rotted, or quite rotted have nutriment in them, and are eaten with relish. In the first process of decay the juices undergo a ferment that gives greater sweetness to the unripe kinds. Even crabs are eaten with relish by pigs, and in large quantities. They appear to agree all right. The fact is, that piggy is partly a vegetarian, and, in truth, is solely a vegetarian under some circumstances. But vegetable food appears not to fatten, although it keeps up tolerable store condition. Bruised and waste apples should always be used up for pig food. Even where the crop is so large as not to meet with demand for other purposes it may be turned to good account in the pig yard, or, what is better, the animals may often to advantage run under the trees and help them- selves.) J.
CHESTER DAIRY SHOW. PRIZE* DISTRIBUTION. LORD CREWE ON CHEESEMAKING. IS BDUCATION SPOILING FARMERS' DAUQHTERS ? The distribution of prizes in connection with the Chester Dairy Show took place in the Assembly Room of the Town Hall on Wednesday afternoon, in the presence of a large gathering. The Earl of Crewe, president of the association, occupied the chair, and he was supported by the Countess of Crewe, Lady Annabel Crewe Milnes, the Lord Bishop, the Very Rev. the Dean, the Mayoress (Mrs. H. T. Brown), Mrs. B. C. Roberts and Miss Roberts, Mr. Henry Tolle- mache, M.P., Mr. W. H. Verdin, Mr. James Tomkinson, M.P., Mr. George Barbour, Mr. Harry Barnston, the Rev. T. J. Evans, Mr. John Thompson, thejsecretary (Mr. R. Challinor), Ac. Apologies for absence were received from the High Sheriff (Mr. B. C. Roberts), the Earl of Haddington, Lord Tollemache, Sir Phillip Grey Egerton, Sir John Brunner, M.P., Col. Cotton- Jodrell, Mr. Hornby, Colonel France Hayhurst, Mr. Ralph Brocklebank, Mr. R. L. Barker, Sir Joseph Vordin, Mr. Cudworth H. Poole, Mr. J. Hoult, M.P., Mr. J. G. Holmes, Mr. Lyle Smyth, Mr. A. F. Douglass, Dr. Stolterfotb, Captain Massie, Mr. George Dickson, Ac. Mr. George Barbour, (chairman of the Association's Council) said they could not help feeling that a sad cloud was cast over their gathering on that occasion. Since they last met there they had lost their best friend, the Duke of Westminster. They knew how from the formation of the association, nearly twenty years ago, the late Duke was not merely ready to assist the efforts of the association most liberally, but was ever ready to give his sup- port and personal interest to the affairs of the association. They knew how often it had been their pleasure to see the late Duke presiding there, accompanied by her Grace the Duchess, who distributed the prizes, and what pleasure they had in listening to his kind and useful remarks. The memory of the late Duke was deeply impressed upon their hearts, and he urged them, in whatever humble sphere of life they occupied, to try to take an example in good works from his Grace. (Hear, hear.) By the kindness of the Town Council they were enabled to have some additional space for holding their show, and they were accordingly in a position to invite competitors to send a larger number of cheese than formerly. For instance, twelve cheese had been entered in some of the classes instead of eight, and that made the show look much better, and brought together a better sample of the dairies of Cheshire. ithe only difficulty the stewards had had was to find space for the large number of entries, and that shewed the deep interest taken by farmers in the exhibition, which was allowed to be the finest gathering of the kind in England. In one class there were nearly eighty entries, and in the long-keeping class, which was originated by Sir Philip Grey Egerton giving the first prize, there were 35 entries, which proved that Cheshire farmers were able to make the long- keeping cheese as well as the early ripening. It was an astonishing thing that, though they had been involved in an awful war, the commerce of the country had never been better than during the last twelve months, and he hoped the pros- perity of the commerce had been reflected on dairy farming. He would echo the words of Lord Rosebery, 11 1 hope that commerce has resumed its smiles, and that agriculture has ceased to frown." In conclusion, he heartily welcomed the Countess of Crewe, and asked her ladyship to distribute the prizes. JLirnSTNtt SPEECH BY MR. TOLLEMACHE- The Countess having discharged this duty, Mr. Henry Tollemache, M.P., proposed a hearty vote of thanks to her. He hoped they might congratulate themselves on a good exhibition. He believed the classes had been in most cases very well filled, and that it had been a really good show. (Hear, hear.) He thought also they might congratulate them- selves that in Lord Crewe they had got a most excellent man as president of the association. (Applause.) He was sure they all joined most heartily in the fervent words that Mr. Barbour used about the loss they had sustained by the death of their late president. In Lord Crewe he thought they had got a worthy successor. Might he also be allowed to personally con- gratulate another of their officials-their worthy honorary treasurer, Mr. Tomkinson P He thought he might congratulate him most heartily on at last—(laughter and applause)- having gained that honour for which he had fought so long and so gallantly. (Applause.) He had great pleasure in proposing a hearty vote of thanks to the Countess of Crewe for coming there that day. He was ashamed he had not had the honour of knowing Lady Crewe for very long. He was, however, a very old friend of her father's he was a boy at Eton with him, and he was an undergraduate at Oxford with him. He thought it was about 31 years since he drove over with Lord Rosebery to see his first horse being trained for the Derby. He was sorry to say that on that occasion. the horse was last—(laughter)— but since then Lord Rosebery had been more fortunate. He hoped their friend. Lord Crewe, would before long lead in a Derby winner. (Applause.) Perhaps, however, that prophecy he ought to leave to their friend, the Lord Bishop—(much laughter)—who, he believed, was going to second the proposition. They would all join, he was sure, in passing a hearty vote of thanks to Lady Crewe. They recognised in Lord Crewe the beau ideal of a country gentle- man. There was nothing in local life, in social life, that he did not support, and they delighted iu hoping that he was going to make his home among them, and to look after all those great interests—local, agricultural, and all .sorts— that he had started so well to assist. (Applause.) He thought they might feel sure that in the efforts he made to benefit and sup- port local life and industry, he would receive the excellent assistance of the Countess of Crewe. He thought he was speaking the wishes of all when he said that he hoped, although that was the first, it might by no means be the last time on which the Countess honoured them with her presence there. (Applause.) THE BISHOP NOT A TIPSTER. The Bishop, in seconding, frankly acknow- ledged that his prophetic gifts, eminent no doubt as they were, did not extend to the Derby race. (Laughter.) He was not sure that he could travel over the whole ground that Mr- Tollemache had so gracefully occupied; he was not sure that he ought to venture upon the field of politics even to give a welcome to Mr. Tomkinson, although he believed he might call attention to the fact that a prize had been awarded Mr. Tomkinson on behalf of his gar- dener for honey, and nowhere could honied words be more in place than upon a political platform. (Laughter.) No doubt that had helped forward ,Mr. Tomkinson's well-won success, and he thought he could work in the reward of his perseverance in another way. (Hear, hear.) His special duty was to speak of Lady Crewe. Lady Crewe they all knew inherited an illustrious and potent interest in the rela- tion of the Mother Country to her Colonies and dependencies, and that interest had an appro- priateness with regard to cheesemaking in the present year, for Cheshire was they all knew the Mother Country of cheesemaking, and she was rejoicing with maternal pride this year in having been surpassed by her own daughters and descendants. He meant at the great central show in London. He was told, and it appeared to be acknowledged, that the fair cheesemakers of Shropshire were daughters or descendants of Cheshire, and that their skill had really come to them as daughters ef Cheshire. If that was so, what could be more a subject for magnanimous rejoicing on the part of Cheshire than that she should have been beaten by her own descendants ? It was very much the case with the Australian cricketers coming over here. They were always glad to be beaten, at least for a time, by the Australian cricketers, but for the sake of our descendants they ought not to allow that to go on too long. They must prove in another year that the Mother Country of cheesemaking, and the seat of empire in that respect, had not lost her cunning, and he had no doubt they would be rewarded next year by the success that natur- ally belonged to them. (Applause.) They all joined in welcoming Lady Crewe on this occasion, and hoped she might often be there again, and that her infiuenoe might be felt at every point in that county, as elsewhere, in the promotion of the brighter and happier lives of the people. (Applause.) The proposition was carriecl with acclamation. LORD CREWE'S TtIANKS. Lord Crewe, in reply, said that while he thanked the Association for electing him as their president, it was impossible for him not to allude to the great loss which the Association had sustained in the death of the Duke of Westminster. So much hnd happened since then, so many stirring e reiits had taken place, that it seemed difficult to ooai-fve that it was less than a year since the DUKU passed away. There was no man who wore completely fulfilled the ideal of what an iiuglish country gentleman ought to be than he, and the two sides of his character—the serious side, which made him delighted to engage in every good work, and the lighter side, which made him devoted to all sports which were essentially English—mutually harmonised and enriched each other. Although the late Duke had become a sort of national chairman for every good movement, he never forgot his home interests and the interests of his neighbour- hood-a fact that was exemplified by the care and attention which he devoted to the affairs of that Association. (Hear, hear.) Speaking of the dairy show, Lord Crewe said it was undoubtedly the case that at this year's exhibition there had been a distinct increase in the number of the exhibits, while the exhibits had entirely maintained their quality. He believed that the Cheshire cheese trade- in spite of the occasional alarms which took place when, for instance, a sudden change in the weather threw a lot of early ripening cheese on the market-was now established on very stable foundations indeed, and that they knew pretty well what was the worst that foreign competition could do. In this connection he was glad to see that the class for keeping cheese had been so well supported. He did not for a moment suppose that LONG-KEEPIN* CHEES. would ever oust early ripening cheese from popular favour. The latter cheese was what the great towns demanded, and the farmers, of course, were bound to meet that demand. In view, however, of such alarms as those to which he had alluded, it was a good thing that there should be some keeping cheese made. (Hear, hear.) For some time past he had been the president of a body connected with the other branch of Cheshire farm- ing — he meant the milk-selling trade. The two great industries of cheese-making and milk-selling were interchangeable, and he was glad to think that there were many farmers who were engaged in both. l'here was no reason why the one set of farmers should have any jealousy of the other. On the contrary, he believed that anything which had been done by the milk-sellers' organisation had in itself proved to be of distinct advantage to the cheese- makers. (Hear, hear.) If they asked him whether the Cheshire farmer, taken in the abstract, ought to be a cheese-maker or to sell his milk, he would reply that it was not an easy question to answer. He believed, however, that a general rule could be laid down to the effect that where a farmer was fortunate enough to have a wife and daughter who could help him in cheese-making, he would be a wise man to make cheese, but that were he was not so for- tunately circumstanced it would be better for him to sell his milk in its crude condition, rather than to pay somebody else to make cheese for him. (Applause.) He thought they must all feel, with regard to milk-selling, that it was of immense advantage to the poor popu- lations in the great towns that the milk trade there should have been increased in volume, and that the poor people should have the oppor- tunity, which some few years ago they did not possess, of obtaining supplies of milk at a cheap rate. The result of the improved milk trade in towns had led to this curious paradox-that, speaking generally, the poor people in many rural districts found it infinitely more difficult to get fresh milk for their children than did people of the same station in the great cities. He believed that some people had supposed that the ADVANCB OF EDUCATION and the increase of refinement had somewhat discouraged cheesemaking among the farmers, and had led to some dislike for that particular work being entertained among the wives and daughters of the farmers of Cheshire and other cheese-producing districts. He did not for a moment believe or accept that as true, and if it were true it would be a great mistake. He could not conceive why any amount of educa- tion or of refinement, such as they were glad to think was now obtainable by farmers'daughters, should in any way interfere with their settling down and becoming as good cheesemakers as their mothers, and he was convinced that such was not the case. A cheese was a work of art—(hear, hear)—and if ladies could undertake such an art, for instance, as bookbinding, he could conceive no reason why they should not undertake the art .of cheese-making. Many people, he be- lieved, would prefer a cheese to a book- (laughter)—and would find it easier to digest the one than the other. Certainly, as compared with what our ancestors used to call "fancy work," in which ladies were supposed to indulge as a refined occupation, he would give the palm to cheese-making all the world over in prefer- ence to any nonsense of that kind. (Laughter and applause.) As they knew, Cheshire was not a great butter-making county, and was not likely to be so, for butter-making and cheese-making did not go well together. Still, they had among them seme excellent butter-makers, who took prizes not only in Cheshire, but in other parts of England. He was glad to know that the standard of butter at the show remained as high as it was. He hoped they might con- gratulate themselves upon having had on the whole a favourable season. Taking it alto- gether, he did not think that as farmers they had had much to complain of this year. Cer- tainly, when they looked at their green pastures —quite as green, in his opinion, as the famed pastures of Ireland-and compared them with those of some other parts of England, where it was difficult sometimes to distinguish between a grass field and an arable tield-(laughter)-he felt that they had very much to be thankful for. (Applause.) In conclusion he thanked them once more on his wife's behalf and his own, and assured them that they would both always be willing to do any little thing they could to support the great industry of their county, and to show the interest they felt in it. (Applause.) THANKS TO THE MAYOR. Mr. James Tomkinson, in proposing a vote of thanks to the Mayor, Corporation, and officials for the use of the Market Hall for the holding of the show, and for the increased accommoda- tion afforded, referred to the willingness of-the Mayor and authorities of the good old city to help their friends in the county. He was very sorry that he had not had time to see the show that day; he had been rather busy lately—(laughter)—and he had had so many letters te answer or to try to answer that he only snatched a little time to get away to be present on that occasion. He could not allow the occasion to go by without expressing his thanks for the kind words which had fallen from his dear old friend Mr. Tolle- mache, his old, successful, but never any more, he hoped, political opponent—(laughter and applause)-apd co say how very warmly he appreciated, not only from him but from many ot his political persuasion, the kin d expressions of personal congratulation he had received from many quarters. (Applause.) There was an old proverb Luck in cards, no luck in love." Mr. Tollemache had hitherto had excep- tionally good fortune politically, and he should be very glad if he could be as fortunate as he (Mr. Tomkinson) had been in other ways. (Laughter.) Nothing would give him greater pleasure than to be able to congratulate Mr. Tollemache very warmly on the particular point to which ^he dared say they guessed he alluded. (Laughter.) He believed there had never been so much cheese, or such good cheese, in Cheshire as there was at the present moment. Chiefly owing to the immense improvements in methods of farming which had been carried out in recent years, land in Cheshire now had upon it at least twice, and perhaps thrice, as many cows as was the case tifty years ago, and through the large use of feeding stuffs which were not available in the old days, probably every cow gave twice as much milk as formerly. Dairying in the county was at a higher pitch than ever before, and he looked forward with great confidence to the future. (Applause.) Mr. W. H. Verdin, in seconding, said he was glad that two farmers from his part of the county had figured in the prize list. It was a long way from Winsford to Chester, nearly as far as it was from Crewe to Chester, but they knew that one of Lord Crewe's tenants often showed horses at Crewe and frequently brought prizes back to Chester. (Applause.) The proposition was carried. The Mayor, in responding, apologised that he had not been present at the opening part of the proceedings, and explained that he had been presiding over a meeting of the Town Council. He expressed the pleasure it gave the city to welcome Lord and Lady Crewe there that after- noon, and assured them that the Corporation would always be pleased to welcome the Dairy Show in their midst. (Applause.) THANKS TO THE JUDGES. Mr. Harry Barnston moved a vote of thanks to the judges and stewards, and others who had assisted in bringing about the success of the show. Mr. J. Beecroft seconded, and the vote was warmly accorded. Mr. Fish, in responding, said that having judged at their shows for several years, he con- sidered the display of cheese on the present occasion was the best they had ever had, not only for quantity but for the general quality, which had been uniform throughout. Proceeding, he urged the importance of maintaining the same standard of Cheshire cheese all the year through. In very hot weather the cheese made was in- ferior te what it was at the present time, and they wanted to find out what was the cause of it. He had been in Holland and Denmark, and had noticed the uniformity of the dairies there. In Denmark factors contracted for the dairies for the year through-they contracted on the market quotation of Copenhagen for their twelve months make, and what a splendid thing it would be if they could do that in Cheshire. In Holland and Denmark the cows were milked under far better conditions than in this country; they had the heavens above them, and a beautifully clear atmosphere around them, and there was nothing to con- taminate the milk. He considered we had as skilful dairy maids as any other country, and to meet the present keen competition we must have a finer class of cheese all the year through. He thought the real reason why they did not get that fine class of cheese in very hot weather was because the cows were milked in stifling shippons, and the stifling atmosphere affected the milk before the dairymaids got it. If they gave the dairymaids the pure article he was sure they would have a finer lot of cheese all the year through. For that reason he advocated a thorough ventilation of shippons. (Applause.) The Dean proposed a vote of thanks to the chairman, and emphasised the point that education, however high, did not unfit one for the manual labour of the farm. (Applause.) The. Rev. T. J. Evans seconded, and the proposition was heartily carried. The Earl of Crewe suitably responded.
At a recent meeting of the council of the Hunters' Improvement Society, Mr. C. Schwabe, Arden, Altrincham, was elected a member on the nomination of the president, Mr. J. C. Straker. THE AGE OF A PEDIGREE BVLL.-An im- portant prosecution concerning the age of a pedigree bull took place at Birmingham on Friday. Joseph Gowling, Hill Farm, Radford, Leamington, was summoned for falsely repre- senting the age of a bull which was exhibited at the Birmingham Shorthorn Show and sale in March last. The prosecution was instituted by the Birmingham Agricultural Exhibition Society, and was the second of its kind which has ever taken place. Mr. MoCardie, who prosecuted, stated the case was brought for the purpose of purging exhibitions of cattle from a system of false entries which from time to time had been suspected, but which it had not been possible to detect. The defendant purchased a bull calf, Cock o' the North II., for 18 guineas from the trustees of Messrs. Taylor and Walton, of Hall Garth, Kirby Stephen. The catalogue stated that the animal was the produce of Blushing Maid II. by Cock o' the North, and was calved on July 23. Cock o' the North II. was originally entered by the defendant in the shorthorn herd book as having been born on August 23, but at the annual exhibition at Bingley Hall, Birmingham, in March last, he was entered as being calved on September 23. The defendant's attention was called to the discrepancy, and he then stated that the entry in the herd-book was a mistake and that the correct date was September 13. Accordingly the animal was enabled to compete in the class for bulls which were practically three months his junior. Cock o' the North II. received the first prize, and was sold for 260 guineas. Subse- quently, Mr. S. H. Allen, of Eastover, Andover, who was the second prize winner, lodged a com- plaint against the first prize taker, with the result that communications were addressed to the defendant, who expressed regret for the mistake and returned the prize money. Mr. Edwin James Powell, secretary of the Short- horn Society of Great Britain and Ireland, pro- duced the original entries of the Shorthorn Society, with reference to the age of Cock o' the North II., and witnesses were called who were present at the sale and who gave evidence as to the age and pedigree of the animal. The correct date of birth was July 23. It was stated that it would not be possible for any one with a knowledge of animals to mistake Cock o' the North II. when purchased as being a three- week old or month old animal. The defendant, who pleaded not guilty, was committed for trial at the Birmingham Sessions. Mr. Cross, who appeared for the defendant, said his client had a complete answer to the charge.
There la Security in A few drop* on th« toothfcrab iTirr morning OARTERSrs%N@} 80Z0D0NT ■ Will Sweeten the Breath all day, ud nuke all the difference be- Absolutely cure Sick Head- t—.i. ache, Biliousness, Dizziness, Good Teeth and Bad Teetn. Torpid Liver, Constipation, White Teeth and Yellow Teetn. Indigestion, Furred Tongue. Pretty Teeth and TTgly Teeth. They Touch the L|»er Complete in Toilet Case, witfc •e aar* Ui«y we CARTER S. Tooth Powder, alfc JJWARRINGTON TO NORTHWICH LIGHT RAILWAY SCHEME.—On Tuesday Mr. Scotter recom- menced his engineering operations in accord- ance with the determination of the promoters of the light railway from Warrington to North- wich, with its branch line through Little Leigh, Barnton, and Winnington. It is confidently anticipated that on this occasion the project will meet with the approval of the Light Rail- way Commissioners. HOSPITAL SATURDAY COMMITTEE.—At a meet- ing of the Hospital Saturday Committee held on Thursday evening, Mr. George S. N. Hull tendered his resignation as hon. secretary, which was accepted with great regret, and the best thanks of the committee were give i to Mr. Hull for his services during the past £.: 0 years. Mr. J. C. H. Hankinson, hon. treasurer, was appointed hon. secretary pro tem., and it is requested that all communications should be addressed to him. CALEDONIAN CONCERT.—The session of the Chester Caledonian Association was successfully inaugurated by a concert at the Oddfellows' Hall last evening. The newly-elected president, Mr. David Robertson, who presided over a large attendance of members and friends, delivered a short address dwelling on the continued pros- perity of the society. An excellent programme was executed to the manifest delight of the audience, encores in the latter portion being the rule. The accompaniments were in the skilful hands of Mr. Turver and Miss Fer- gusson. The programme was as follows :— Song, Mr. W. Kendall; song," Duncan Gray," Mrs. Hamilton; song," Mary of Argyll," Mr. G. H. Plant; song, Mrs. Simon quartette, Ye Banks and Braes," the Misses Hunter and Fergusson and Messrs. Plant and Fergusson; song, The Laird's Fling," Mr. Robinson (encored) humorous song, Wedding Bella," Mr. Phillips (encored) song," Annie Laurie," Mrs. Hamilton (encored); iiong, "The M&cGregors" Gathering," Mr. G. H. Plant (encored); song, Mr. W. Kendall (encored); quartette Banks of Loch Lomond," Quartette Party; song, "The Songs my Mother Sang," Mr. Robinson (encored) song, Mrs. Simon (encored); song, Mr. C. W. Rowley (encored); humorous song, Mr. Phillips (encored). HAS NO EQUAL! ITS ADVANTAGES ARE MANY—It cheapness, through its great durabibv with thorough utility, convenience, and absolutely reliable working. TRY ONE. Money refunded if you dou,blik" IN THREE SIZES: 10/6, 16/6, 25/- POST FREE. LD BY ALL STATIONERS. WRITE FOR CATALOGUE TO ]^ £ ABIE, rpODD & BARV, 93, CHEAPSIDE, LONDON, E.C. MANCHESTER: 3, EXCHANGE See that you got the SWAN." PLANTING SEASON- § HARDILY-GROWN j Forest, Fruitf I & all other Trees & Plants EvergreenSj Roses, &c. Stocks quite UnequaUed for » "QUALITY," "VARIETY," & "EXTEN1'. Priced Catalogues Post Free- LDlCKSOHS Stcr'S CHESTER/ t Our Best t ❖ 1 f Advertisement. X V I You may not know that 2,468,477 A «$► people are to-day engaged in ▼ advertising our tea. They are T A the customers of last week. The ? publicity given to our tea by v the recommendation of ladies, who are won by its aroma and T i + flavour, is more valuable to us ▼ than any special advertising we A pay for. Bat we are pleased ▲ to pay for this publicity, too, ▼ by supplying each lady with. < £ ». much better tea at the price she v A, pays than she can obtain else- | where—tea that invigorates, ▼ nourishes and cheers everyone » & who drinks it. If you will send ▼ A to our Agent near you for a ▼ A packet of Brooke, Bond's," <j T we believe we shall be able to y count upon you, also, as an & addition to the force of gratified ▼ customers forming our best A advertisement. Each packet is Jjp T full weight without the paper, + and the Nimble Ninepence buys t + half-a-pound. T 1 ▼ 30,000Agents sell it at]/6per lb. ♦ i Brooke, Bond's Tea | I3 + BORWICK ps POWDER The Best BAKING POWDER In the Wor[2>-
FASHIONABLE ENTERTAINMENT Øf CHESTER. n iDi- li. unique entertainment will be g1*' Chester Music Hall, this (Wednesday) aftjp and evening, on behalf of Lady Lansdo* Fund for the Officers' Branch of the Sol< and Sailors' Families' Association. The will be under the patronage of members 0* leading families in Cheshire and North and, thanks in a great manner to the orgaQl powers of Miss G. Leche, who is dischargi° £ duties of honorary secretary, it promises to' a decisive success. An idea of the which the entertainment has aroused gathered from the fact that the Hall has booked for the afternoon performance, and t is not a single reserve ticket to be had. Many residents in the city and district Jf. will naturally desire to assist such an cause, will be glad to know that seats jja be booked for the evening performance, time should be lost in securing these. *°ang0' convenience of residents in the country ments have been made whereby special J will be run to Whitchurch, Ruabon, and J* ferd late in the evening. Judging, bo!' II o0 from the demand upon the accommodate up some of the hotels, many people have their minds to stay in Chester for the The chief attraction of the performance^ from its patriotic object, which will "ftPP° y ai everybody, lies in the distinguished artists who have kindly given their ol The first part of the programme will c°D tableaux and scenes, in which over thirty and gentlemen will take part. The have been arranged by Mrs. Langford- Mrs. Egerton Leigh, Mrs. Cotton-Jodre 'op^» Mrs. Hornby Lewis. The second part W1^I1 with a concert, the quality of which ygjd* gauged from the fact that Countess Gleichen and Mr. Hedmondt will principal vocalists, while the instrialuoilts lot will be the Misses Marianne and Clara' (harp and violin), and Mdle. 8 II (piano). eJ18; This will be followed by a great IVelolL or a scene historic, after the picture by jjoO* Sidney, in which' Lady Mostyn and Mrs. Brodrick will figure, and a v b** which the Marchioness of Cholmonde J been at much trouble in arrangiQo Will?' dramatis persona in the several scene elude Lord Mostyn, Lord Kenyon, Sir Williams Wynn,Mrs.jAssheton Smith,ot the Marchioness of Cholmondeley, Lady Qt*Y Cholmondeley, Lady Kathleen Cole, Egerton, Lady Magdalen Williams pre^i the Hon. Alice Douglas Pennant, tn twin sons of Sir Philip Grey Egef » many others. Mrs. Cotton-Jodrell of the stage managers, and both heru* will also take part in the scenes. will be under the direction of Dr. J • and Mr. J. T. Hughes. No one, vrbo thoo these brief details will be surprised t is such a keen demand for seats
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