IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. In the HOUSE OF LORDS, March 19, the Duke of Richmond and Gordon stated, In reply to Lord Granville, that the Government proposed that the Home of Lord* should, on the 28rd lnat, adjourn for the Easter Vacation until the 12th of next month. Replying to Lord Granville, Lord Derby explained that that afternoon the Raulan Ambassador brought from his Government certain proposals for altering the Protocol on Turkish affairs which he had last week taken ad referendum, but that Her Majesty's Ministers had net yet had time to con- sider them. Lord Derby further stated, In answer to Lord Stratheden and Campbell, that Sir H. Elliot would return to his poet at Constantinople after having had the reat required by the state of hit health. The Irish Peerage Bill was read a third ttme, and the Beer licenses (Ireland) Bill went through committee. Lord Fortescue asked tha Duke of Richmond and Gordon whether the vattle plagull had spread any further since he last referred to the subject, and called attention to the Reso- lution of the Royal Agricultural Society against the Importa- tion of any live stock from abroad. He expressed an opinion against ths Importation of tat atock from abroad. The Bate of Richmond replied that there had been no tunber-eutbreak of the cattle plague In t" Metropolitan district alnce March it, tmd no caie In Hull since March 6, and none In Lincolnshire elnce March 9. The local authori- ties were efficiently asttogupon the Orders in Council which had "been Issued. The Resolution of the Royal Agricul- tural Society raised a serious question, all it would exclave from this country 1,€€6,000 animals ef different sorts yearly. Farther Information should be obtained before acting upon stufii a Resolution, and the Government were prepared to stake an inquiry into the whole matter. The other business on the Paper vra gone through, t £ d ffaelr lordships adjourned. In the HOUSE OP COMMONS, in anevrer to Mr. Elliot, WHO asked wbether the Government Is prepared to prohibit :he Importation of live stock from European Portf, as reoom- mended by the-Council of the Royet. Agricultural Society on the 7th Inst., Loil Saadoa said that, as no fresh outbreak of cattle VIW, i bad ed, and as the accounts from abroad were favortable, the Government was to hopes that the disease was ttlDg aceceosfully grappled with. Having already takeMVeffyetrtneeat measures, they were not disposed to adopt,4ho suggestion mentioned in the question without an lnqulir. wbfcMt was proposed should be In the form of a ParltaOentary Committee. In^ply to, ifr. W. E Forstar, who asked what truth there b in ttO.RW rt fbilt Sir li. is to return. shortly as Am- bassa* to tjonstantinople, the Chancellor of the Sschequer ■aid t-Jjf .'d Derby was anxious that Sir H. EUlot should go twit! once, and Sir (Henry, while placing himself enb the disposal of the Government, did not conpet^J.at he had returned to England in the hope *he would be able to enjoy an Interval of Mat. JJJ Derby did not think It right to take advantage of Start a* and Sir Henry would remain in England, tempo- ^ements being made to supply his absence from Sevew-. uuestlocs wore put to the Under-Secretary for Fonl^S Ainrtrs as to reported outrages fn Bulgaria and other a-n. of European Turkey, and as to the steps taken by tha Government to obtain Information of the Internal con- dition of these Provinces. Mr Bourke, In reply, said that noiaformatlon had been received of outrages at Salonlca or ddrianople, but that a report of outragea btod been received from Maoedonla. Our-Consular Agents had general orders to report all that oocunad within their districts, and our Consular staff were Lbo-at to be strengtheaod. Cn going Into Supply, Mr. Butt made some observations (concluding with a motion which he did not press) on tho necessity of bringing forward the Estimates at such a period of the Session as wlU enable the Ilor" to do its duty In con- trolling and revising the public expenditure, and will dis- pense with the objectionable practloo of taking votes on account. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in replying, expressed his almost unqualified agreement with Mr. Butt, polntfcig out that the Government this year and last year had dene Us but to bring the (Estimate* on as oarly as possible but It could not secure tnelr consideration unleis It were assisted by the forbearance and self-restraint of private members In 'withdrawing motions which mtght hinder the House from going Into Committee of Supply, Mr. Hankey, Sir a. Balfour, and Mr. sRylands also medo some observations on the subject. Lord C. Beresford rose to call attention to the Increasing power of torpedoes, especially tho Whitehead. He had plaoed a motion on the paper, which he said he would not now press, "That no ecooomloal consideration should tie the hisnda of theTlnt Lord of the Admiralty, and so prevent exhaustive experiments being carried out as to tbe best means of applying or resisting these terrible weapons; also, that It Is expedient that a large number of torpedo vessels and boats be added to the navy without delay." He pointed out that torpedoes had quite revolutionised naval warfare. The Harvey torp3do was lowered from boom and exploded on striking a ship or any object floating In the water. The ground or mine torpedoos for Protecting harbours or canals wore exploded by means of wires from the shore or from a ship having a buoy connected with the mine. There was also the spar torpedo, which was exploded by -electricity. The moiss ingenious Infernal machine ever Invented, however, wac the Whitehead torpedo, to which he wished to call attention. It waa made In three chambers, the bead containing tbe charge, the balance chamber containing the secret machinery by which the torpedo was (propelled through the water, and the air Chamber, brwMsft machinery vu woi Wod. i* «onl4 ha driven at SO knots an hour. The charge was exploded by means of a piston-rod fixed In the head, and the torpedo could be find either above or below the water at a depth of alx feet. It could be set to move with perfect accuracy in any given direction, and on exploding against a ship's side was capable of making a breach of 16 feet In extent. Ee need hardly say that a veaael would shortly proceed to the bottom after that (A laugh) The torpedo could be made to sink to a certain depth, and then to proceed in a straight line to the vessel to be attached it could be made to rise to the Sulam and explode, or could be set to come up again at half-ccek, In order that It might be taken back again Mth safety on board. In fact, this torpedo could he made to do anything but speak. (Laughter.) With « three men In a small boat oould sick the In- flexible. He suggested, as the only mode of defence *Remst such a weapon, that we should provide for our ships °*warfastsslling boats as satellites to keep the torpedo P°*ts of the enemy at a distance. He urged upon the First Lord of the Admiralty the necessity of organizing a system of "ut defence torpedoes, and of practising the navy in the nt; of these torpedoes instead of leaving their ?*ttagement entirely to the Royal Engineers. The laying ??*u of these torpedoes In war would be seamen's work, and r~ *he event of war the nation with the best torpedo manage- e°t must win. (Cheers) ^(r. Keed agreed with the hon. and gallant officer that It T** now time tbe navy were practised In the laying down and up of torpedoes If they were unlnstruoted in tor- Pedo warfare they would be at a serious disadvantage In time of war. M*-Go or ley made some observations on the same subject; mid Mr. Hunt, In reply, said that the Admiralty waa fully alive to the vital Importance ol thla new arm, and had re- cently established a Torpedo School entirely separate from cently established a Torpedo School entirely separate from the Gunnery SchooL Captain Pim moved for a Committee on the condition of the !hiV1, which was negatived without discussion and without a Division and the House then went Into a Com- Mitt" of Supply on the Navy Estimates. On the Vote of £".648,Q!8 for wages to Seamen and I(Aftes, the usual desultory dliomslon occurred, ranging over the various topics comprised in the Votes. Mr. Reed r'■cussed the shipbuilding programmes of the current and passed years, and dwelt on the necessity of some further steps being taken to improve the condition of our Engineers, In which he was supported laY Mr. Gorst and Mr. deely. Mr. Letevre made some dispa- raging observations on the work of the Dookyardoduring the past year, and especially on the repair of uoeless ships, to which Mr. A. Egerton replied. Mr. 8. Lloyd, Mr. Samuda, Iotr. W. Whitworth, and Mr. Goschen also six ke, and Mr. Bunt, in the course of a general reply, explained In detail his proposal for lncrea*l g the pay and raising the *elatlre rank of tbe Eoglcetr Officers, which he did put forward as a final measure, remarking wat in a few years they might expect a further Improve- ment In their condition As to the new torpedo ship It Would be somewhere about 2,000 tons but he could give no "•formation as to the cost Att*r tbts the Vote was agreed ■?» aa was also the Vote of £ 1,178,310 tor victuals and CLOTHING Several Bills were advanced a stage, and the House ad- journed. In the HOUSE or LORDS, March 80, the Beer Licenses (Ire- land) Bill was read a ttilrd time and passed. On the motion of Lord Kxeter, an Address for certain Re- turns relating to the Alilitia ,,Lo ksgtOOd to. The Duke of Richmond and G rdon gave notice of the Second reading of the Burials Bill lor Tuesday, Ap~il 17. The Duke of Richmond and Gordon notice that on Friday next he would m -ve for,, sel, ctoo, riot ttes to Inquire Into the operation of ex, sting statutes in regard to the forma- Jfon of, and proceedings by, commissioners of sewers and oralnage and river and navigat ion boards, and to consider oy what means such bodies may be blnre conveniently and ^expensively constituted, and their p iwers enlarged, so as J9 provide more efficiently f< r stor»ge ot w«ter, the preven- uon of floods, and tbe discharge of other functions apper- "*<nlng to conservancy boards. lord Cottesloe asked Vjucoun* Bury whether he proposed, when his notice with rerp -a to the report of the Commis- on Railway Accident* cme under con«H- adon, to ^*ke any motion on the subj et The matter was well J^rthy of consideration, alti the dttcutsion wg; hable to ?! useful If it arose on some Resolution submitted for ^option. Viscount Bury replied that, as It was genr rally understood some egUlalion thouid be proposed on tbe tu> jeot, It **hls Intention to move a Resolution In reference >o It, "Oled Templetown atked Lord Cadollan whether the Re- on the Army Retirement Scheme wou!d be brought ^or« the House sufficiently eariy to allow a full dltcasalon Stalls before the slose of the Session. d Cadogan .ald that tbe Secretary for War was pre- a scheme with r<~S(iect to Promotion and Retirement Army. The tnbjeet was difficult and intricate, avd WKi~r?^ a great deal of calcuUtlou. He w*s un»ble to say by JP *be pUn would be oonplete, bnS as soon as approved Government it would be laid before Parliament. Lordships then adjourned. the HOUSE OF COMHOKS Mr. Stop ford Sackvllle asked tJ0D of n« C >mmittee of Council on Educa- wl*eth reference to the third nnbedule of the Jfe» Cj'ie, tnenta ^yreprtseiiUlo, havo oeen made to tbe Depart- ltl>ln7*to its inappitcabldty to rural >chools, and whether VjjT'^nded either to modify or wltharsw It ""•deS1^ replied th«t two representations had been *ltecM| Department on fhl» Two years ago an grantmade in 'h« New Code, In which an extra met wth ^Ten 'or needlework tor the first time, and this beenreon Ver* 8eioeral appr.iv»». Since t.bat tlnae they had by their inspectorate draw np aicbeculeln re- ^Paredt ne*dl"work • an<^ ""8 bt-lngdene. As they were *h°nldn«er *Ome opposition to If, they propjstd that It that ther« °°me into op«?a 1 n uuitl March ot next year, so •b It. Would be «mpl« nme to bav« various judgments »»ure the House th»t the D.-p%rtmHUt Work shonl^K** that tbl» Imuortaut »n1 jacl of pta'o needle- Conducive ? In s; iool>, neom# it would oe more aifchii? weliaie of tbe girls than some of thoae 'beers.) u* thing* which were at present taught. In Ewer to Mr. Former, (who put the qUeftfon In the ab- t sence of Lord Hartlngton), the Chancellor of tie Exchequer said that farther Papen on the Eastern QWWN were In pre- paration, and would be read, In a fortnight. With regard » the present position of aftaln he had nothfog to add to 1,4d Derby's statement on the previous eventeg- Some miller amendments In the draught 01 the Protocol bad been ^oposed by the Russian Govwnment, Majesty's Government bad not had time to °°n»ld^ • Subsequently Mr. Fonter It were signed, would be UldOT ^(^anceiior lDg for the accompanying Papers, to wnica sne of the Exchequer replied that he could f £ e no sucft promise without communication with Lord v# /• Lord Elcho asked Mr. Courtney bring on hts motion with regaMto the Tn-^f the ef Mr. Courtney repUed that, d flu S of the negotiations now In progress to be a nw deflni ^n ol the attitude of the Powers towards tN Ottoman Empire ne did not Intend to goon with**lf T^^nii'v to uncertainty as to those negotlatior-. In reply to a *lmtla' question from Mr. Hanbury, Mr. sweets said he Intended to go on with blismotion on Fddar- Mr R. Yorke, In moving oir the appointment of a Royal Commission to inquire tQtJ the constitution, ctstoms, &c., of the Stock Exchange, Illio the mode of trsrsactlng busi- ness. and into the attentions which may be dsslrable In Its usages and rules, ened at some length into the history of the body, it, gradual developmect, & and Illustrating its vide of conducUng business by nume- rous quotation* '!rom the evidence Bad Report of the Foreign LooOI Committee, and from the rules of the Exchange, he showed how the facilities which It gave for Improper practices had Inflicted great losses on innocent persons. pe complained that while the Stock Exchange Professed JO regulate speculation, It rather encouraged it by admitting low-class of persons tato lis body, and tbat of tho»e who had to decide almost Judicially ingsin certain ambiguous euterprUes«houldbe sanctioned hs4 private Interests In them which biased their Judgment Moreover, Its requirements before granting a sett.ement and tk quotation were lnsuffictontto tosure the bond fides of a scheme. Che members of the Stock Exchange aid not seem to appreciate the evils of the present system, for they had not attempted In any way to apply a remedy for the evils whlcb were pointed out 1D the Report ol the Foreign Loans Committee. Sir C. Russell, In seconding the motion also dwelt on the fact that the Stock Exchange, In spite of recent disclosures had done nothing to modlly Its rules, and also on the facilities which It gave for swindling the public. facilities which It gave for swindling the public. Mr. <'dermau Cotton opposed tbe motion, which he deemed to be Impolitic, and, while he hoped that membars would not vote for because they had lost money, he appealed to those who had made money on the Stock Exchange to vote against it. Sir E. Watkin held that Parliament had a right to inquire Into the working of a body which was nothing more than a Trades Union; and as the House had Inquired into the ope- ration of many other Trades Unions, why should It not inquire Into that one. After an Interesting debate. In which Mr. E. Stanhope, 8ir E. James, Mr. Hubbard, Jú. Norwood, and Yr. Bentlnck took part, The ChanceUor of the Exchequer remarked that the inquiry proposed was not Into the frauds themselves, but into the machinery which was supposed to be responsible for them, and while it might do no harm, it hrd not been shown that It would do any good. In fact nobody had indicated In what direction a remedy could be applied. Nobody pro- posed to do away altogether with this machinery, and rather than assume any responsibility for the rules of tbe Stock Exchange, which might be misleading to the public, he would prefer to legislate directly against any particular rule which might be shown to lead to frauds, and would make the law as stringent as possible against those who were guilty of fraudulent practices. But although he was not sanguine as to any beneficial result flowine from the appoint- ment of a Royal Commission, still, as there seemed a strong current cf opinion In Its favour, he would not vote against It. Mr. Lowe supported Inquiry Into what he admitted to be a very complicated subject, and thought It need not be in a hostile spirit; while Hr. Goschen regretted that the Govern- ment had changed its mind, because a mischievous precedent would be set of Inquiring into the circumstances of a par- ticular profession without sufficient grounds, and without any reasonable expectation of public advantage. The motion for the appointment of a Royal Commission was then agreed to, and the House was counted out shortly afterwards,
THE REPORTS OF HER MAJESTY'S INSPECTORS OF FACTORIES. The reports of Her Majesty's Inspectors of Factories for the half year ending the Slat October last have recently been-presented to Parliament. In their joint report both of the inspectors allude with regret to the state of trade throughout the country daring the period embraced in these reports and subsequently; they speak of it ta being greatly depressed, in all its branches. Mr. Alexander Redgrave, the senior inspector, ex- presses satisfaction with the general concurrence which is manifested in the observance of the factory and workshop regulations. The state of trade how- ever, to which allusion has already been made, Mr. Redgrave observes, has not offered any in- ducement to prolong the hours of work beyond the legal limits, and short time indeed is being worked in many establishments, not only in what aru UlUod UlO HtlMfttlf. but In every locality where special imdustries have been es. tablished. This as regards some important changes in the law which came into force recently has prevented that jarring which might have been experienced had trade been brisk. This would have been more es- pecially the case with the prohibition of the employ- ment of children under ten yean of age, and the requirement to produce a certificate of educational proficiency to authoriae a child be- tween thirteen and fourteen years of age to work full time. Mr. Redgrave remarks that when it is borne in mind that these two provisions seriously restrict the supply of labour and deprive parents of the earnings of their children it will be abundantly evident that they must be enforced with tenderness, and that a good deal of forbearance is necessary on the part of those who administer the law in such a case. The other portions of the Report, as furnished by the sub-inspectors, contain a great amount of valuable information.
GENERAL IGNATIEFF AND LORD SALISBURY. The Cologne. OtoeUe, in an account of Hatfield, speaks of Queen Elizabeth's rooms and bed, the exten- sive library, the chemical laboratory, in which Lord Salisbury formerly worked dilligently, and, perhaps, still works, if the Indian Office and other business allow him leistin, and the well furnished stables. Mentioning the family device, "Sero sed wrio," it adds h Earnestness is a feature of the present holder of the peerage. He took a serious view of life in his youth, and he has remained an earnest man till now. A ruder contrast can scarcely be imagined than that between this measured, taciturn, firm, business-like Englishman, proud of his straightforwardness, and the animated talkative Russian, jumping from one idea to another, not hesitating to contradict to-morrow what he thought and uttered yesterday. Nevertheless, the Russian, it Is to be hoped, will feel at ease under the roof of his English host, and it is also to be hoped that to the union striven for on the Eastern Question may be applicacle the motto of the Cecils, Sero ted terio '—that is, It has been long waited for, but has come in earnest."
THE PRINCIPLES AND POLICY OF TRADE UNIONS. In London, on Saturday afternoon, Mr, Uoyd Jones delivered at Exeter Hall the first of two lectures, in reply to Professor Leone Levi's lectures last year at King's College on trade unions. The subject of the lecture was, "Trade unions, their principles and policy." The chair was taken by Mr. Macdonald, M.P.. and on the platform were Mr. S. Morley, M.P., the v. Canon Prothero, the Rev. J. Oakley, the Rev. W. Pankridge, the Rev. T. Webber, Admiral Maxaa, Mr. F. Harrison, Dr. H. Travers, Mr. Hodg- son Pratt, Mr. J. M. Ludlow, Mr. J. Connolly, Mr Mr- <*• Potter, Mr. G. Mitcbdl| Mr. D« Guile, Mr, Davidson# Mid Mra Burnett. Mr. Lloyd Jones, who was frequently applauded, stated that he had had very little time to read Pro- fessor Levis lectures, which he had only received on Thursday night, but the professor's ground was almost the same as that usually taken by those who were opposed to working men in regard to trade unions, though he was distinguished by his candour and cour- tesy. He (Mr. Jones) was not there to explain trade unions from any system of ^political economy, nor had he learned from books what he knew abeut them. With regard to the limitation of apprentices, trade unions had been obliged to make rules in some cases, on account of the trade being flooded with apprentices, who were afterwards unable to obtain a living. He held that they had a right to meet ctrcumstanoes as they arose. professor Levi's illustrative caM- that of a farm labourer wishing to make his son an engineer-was a curious one, because the engineers had no rule limiting the number of apprentices, nor had the iron moulders, nor the carpenters. As to trade unions opposing piecework, at least 80 per cent. of the work ef the country was piecework, and the growth of trade was in favour of the system. In any dispute on this subject, those who felt the pinch must settle it for themselves and it was hnpossible far an outeider to give an opinion worth a farthing on one side or the other. As to the alleged enforcement of uniformity of wages by trade unions, it Was singular that Professor Levi gave the case of a workshop, with 90 men at work, and 267 rates of wages. What trade unions did was to fix a minimum of wages, leaving it to the employer to pay a man more if he was worth it, or to discharge a man who could not earn the minimum. With regard to rules restrictive of work, Mr. Lowe lately spoke at the meet- ing of political economists in celebration of the centenary of Adam Smith's "Wealth of Nations," and he gave three instances of trade unionism, every one of which was not true-not a fact in the life of working men. One was, that bricklayers only worked with one hand. Why any old woman who had ever looked at a bricklayer at work would know that he used both his bands. Another statement was that stonomraons pre. vented their employers from buying stone where they liked; and another wsi that a good workman was bin- 1 dered from working up to his capacity. Was it not re- markable that men of eminence in all parts of Europe should have come to England on that occasion to learn what working men were actually doing, and that they should goaway with false impressions on Bimple matters of fact ? Mr. Lowe wan a very able man, and he was not bound to approve of what vrocking men did, but it should be the privilege of no man to libel his fellow countrymen. With regard to short hours, he (the lecturer) did not contend that men should be under- worked, or not (sufficiently worked, but that they should not be overworked. Men were not made to compete with machlinels that never tired. As to supply and demand, trade unions did not pretend to do more than regulate it, as brokers and others did with the goods which they put on the market. They had heard a great deal about the "wage fund," but working men saw employers buying horses and carriages and building mansions oat of this wage fund, without con. sulting their workmen, and Professor Levi said that £:300,000,000 had been invested in foreign loans-of course, all out of the wage fund." If wages had not risen no doubt more money would have been put into Honduras, CoøtGI Rica, Egyptian, Turkish, and other loans, out of the wage fund." High wages were for the good of the country, for then the money was spent in the country, with the butcher, the baker, the upholsterer, and the clothier, He did not reproach the political economists because they could not agree among them. selves; they were learners, and must grope their way. But it did not become those who were in the position of learners to set themselves up as infallible teachers. If. regardless of the interests of humanity, every one was to do the best he could for himself, and self-interest was to be the rule for all, let it be well understood, and then let churches and chapels, religion and philanthropy, be swept away. In conclusion, he stttfngly commended arbitration and conciliation. Discussion was invited, and the Rsv. S. D. Headlam (who supported the organization of female labour), Mr. A. H. Hill (who expressed a wish that the lecturer had had the courage of his convictions, and had said that a good deal of what was paid as wages went to the publicans), Mr. Davidson (who said that for want of organisation bakers were working 80 hours a week at 311 per hour), and Mr. Mitchell (who referred to the case of the agricultural labourers), made some observation?. Mr. Guile proposed, and Mr. Burnett seconded, a vote of thanks to Mr. Jones. Mr. S. Morley supported the motion, and said he was exceedingly glad to have heard the lecture. He was not there as an opponent of trade unions-(hear, hear)-and he had no recollection of the time when he did not firmly believe in the right of the men to com- bine for the purpose of determining the price at which they should sell their labour. If there were some points of detail in which he did not agree with the lecturer, he was the more anxious for conference be- tween employers and workmen. He was no believer in the necessity of the two parties being hostile forces —(hear)—their interests were mutual, and the em- ployer who regarded the right oi his men to fair and honest treatment would find his reward in the character cf the work they did and the quality of the goods they manufactured. For fifty years it had been his experience that jast treatment secured the best Bervlcee. Strikes and lock-outs were brutal methods of determining what reason and justice oright to accom- plish. The manufacturing interest of England was never so depressed in the lifetime of any man present as it was now, and he was sorry to say he could see no sign of a silver lining to the cloud. The prospect was a very serious one, and the last thing working men should be taught, in their own interest quite as much as in that of employers, was that they were an oppos- ing force to their employers. He trusted that Mr. Lloyd Jones would promote wherever he could the principle of conciliation or abitration. By such a decision there might be a temporary sacrifice, but it would be better pecuniarily in the end, and the bitter. ness of feeling which was the greatest evil of trade dis- putes would be avoided. He bad received a great deal of valuable information from the lecture, and he heartily supported the vote of thanks. Mr. Lloyd Jones, in acknowledging the vote, said that no trade unionist was opposed to the combination of women. He had always done what he could to take out the bitterness from the relations of employer and employed, and he deeply regretted the language used by writers in the press as to trade unions and their agents. On the motion of Mr. Hodgson Pratt, seconded by the Rev. T. Webber, a vote of thanks was passed to the Chairman. Mr. Macdonald, in reply, referred to his having been sent to work in a mine at eight years of age, women also working in mines fifteen or sixteen hours a day. Wages were irretohedly low, hanaes were of the most miserable character, and the workpeople were compelled to take out the whole of their earnings at the employer's stores. The changes that had taken place were the direct result of trade unions, aided by such men as the present Lord Shaftesbury, whose name would always be venerated by the miners. When it was proposed to take women out of the mines, it was Btated in the House of Commons that the trade would be driven from the country. All that had been done had been accomplished by the persistent efforts of trade unions, opposed by the capitalists all through. In every instance the argu- ment was the Pame-that trade would be driven from the country. But mine owners and mill owners, who a few years ago were pedlars, had revenues like those of monarchs. As to trade unions opposing piecework, the work in the great export industries was piecework, and daywerk was only a local or domestic cocsidera- tion so that the commercial interests of the country were not affected by this question. The second lecture will be on the subject of Trade Unions and Foreign Competition," and the chair will be taken by Mr. T. Burt, M.P.
ST. PATRICK'S DAY IN DUBLIN. The Dublin Correspondent of The Timet writesI In Ireland the national anniversary of St. Patrick's Day was ushered in on Friday night by a grand ball, which crowned and closed a season of great brilliancy at Dublin Castle. It is a time-honoured custom, observed for 90 years in the Viceregal court, to take part in the commemoration of the festival by an entertainment invested with all possible splendour. The ball is usually given on St. Patrick's night, but as the anniversary fell this year on Saturday, it was held with great propriety and better effect on St. Patrick's eve. St. Patrick s-hall, in which the dancing was chiefly held, has seldom if ever looked more animated and radiant than when filled with the throng of merrymakers, presenting infinite varieties of form and colour in picturesque contrast. The throne room was also devoted to the same happy purpose after the introductory ceremonial had ended. The military element preponderated, as. it usually does on such occasions, and gave more life and brilliancy to the spectacle. An evidence of the considerate desire of the Duchess of Marlborough to make the celebration conduce to a useful object was afforded in the request that the ladies should wear Irish poplin. On Saturday the ceremony of trooping the garrison colours and mounting guard at Dublin Castle in honour of the anniversary was observed with the usual pomp and formed an imposing part of the popular ceiebra-' tion of the day. When the troops had been formed their Graces the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough, accompanied by his Royal Highness the Duke of (Jon- naught, Lord and Lady Randolph Churchill, Lady Rosamond Churchill, and a distinguished party of guests, and attended by the principal officers of the household, came out on the balcony to view the stirring scene. The Lord and Lady Mayoress were also present. Their Graces on appearing were greeted with cheers, and the bands played 'God Save the Queen,' immediately followed by St. Patrick's Day.' The viceregal party did honour to the day by wear in g bunches of shamrock, and the Duchess of Marlborough and Lady Rosamond were attired in dressts of the emerald hue. His Royal Highness the Dake of Con- naught shared largely in the respectful tribute of the assembly. While the changes were being made in the military arrangements the bands played a number Hf lively airs, and the wild spirit of fun in the crowd indulged itself in dances more remarkable fer their activity than grace. Some of the dancers he. longed to a very different order from those who figured in the ball on Friday night, and did not feel affronted when they were rewarded for their exertions by some liberal gifts. The general conduct of the crowd, how- ever, was orderly and decorous. There were no un seemly exhibitions of reckless humour which on other occasions have led to violent commotions, the love of mischief being satisfied by the blocking' of such bats as were not protected by the national talisman—' the green, immortal shamrock.
SANITARY SCIENCE. In London, on Monday night, Dr. Blchardson presided at a meeting of the Social Sctence Association, Adam- street, Adelphl, when Air. Alfred Haviland, M R.C S read a paper on "Physical Geography in relation to Sanitary Science, aud the Valley System in relation to Disease." Mr. Haviland said that in inhabited valleys ther,4 was often to be found much rheumatism, which fre- quently ended in heart disease. The cause of that was that valleys did not get sufficient fresh air, which was so important for vigorous life. The witds blew over them, not through them, and consequently t yiit,- nations from the soil hung about instead of bt iug cAt- persed. As a rule the cottages of the poor an, k cht mansions of the rich were found in the trough of valleys, and it was impossible to calculate how rz,iia, an old family had been deprived of the most promi-iat of their scions by adhesion as a home to an tll-M ert family mansion* He then proceeded by weans of I"Ape and models of the strata of the earth, to amplify and prove his remarks. A discussion followed, in the course of which the chair- man said that Mr. Haviland's maps were of the greatest possible valn^ to medical men, fer in the con. suiting room they enabled the physician to learn the defects of any particular locality from which a patient raight come to enable him to learn whether the dieease was the effect of meteorological influences. Now, in considering what diseases had a meteorological origin he thought that at least 25 or 30 distinct diseases might be traced to that source, and amongst them he would place croup, influenza, erysipelas, scrofula, remitted fever, rheumatism, phthisis, bronchitis, pleurisy, lung diseases, fistula, calculus, and possibly some malformations.
PROGRESS OF THE JAPANESE. The Japanese are making rapid strides on the newly- opened path of progress, and will shortly overtake, if not outstrip, more civilised nations. Indeed, in some respects, they could set them a pattern. For example, by the last mail it may be learned that it is the fashion to hold horse races and wrestling matches in tribute to the distinguished dead. The idea ifl not idew; there were funeral games in the times sung by Virgil, but the practice has fallen into desuetude. Such festive rites were duly carried out last month at Skokonsha, Kudanzaka, and Tokio in honour of the soldiers who fell during the suppression of the recent insurrection. To the minds of most reason- ing beings it will seem more harmless and congrous to wrestle and run races over the turf that covers the remains of poor mortality than to indulge in rhodomontade and endeavour to make political capital out of a dead body—a custom not entirely un&nown to some countries. But the Japanese, along with having some excellent usages of their own, are not averse to borrowing eoma of ours, and amending them in the process. The latest novelty they have adopted is a Sho Kun Kidku, or Bureau of Decora. tionf, whose duty it is to examine into the eligibility of candidates, and decide upon whom the Order of Merit of Meiji shall be conferred. As there are three Im. perial Princess among the members of the Committee of the Bureau, and as no ambitious aspirant's claims will be accepted upon trust, or because of the favour of some patron, or to get rid of importunity, the Order of the Meiji is not likely to be vulgarised and depre- ciated to the extent of sundry orders not unusual on PATI Mnnnt.S/fl.nfi/MvL ..U "A.&U" 'v-v-
INSTANCES OF SOMNAMBULISM. That special providence which is said to watch over drunken men and children must surely exercise a little of its saving care on behalf of sleep-walkers, otherwise the recent narrow escape of two somnambulists in France would be little short of miraculous (remarka the Evening Standard). The first case is that of a young man living with his parents at Poitiers, who, a few nights since, whilst in a state of complete uncon- sciousness, walked out of a first-floor window under the impression that he was stepping into the bed he had just quitted. So little effact, however, did this perilous fall take upon the sleeper, that hia trance remained unbroken, and he was found the following morning slumbering in the garden below as peacefully as though the gravelled path were a downy couch. The same week a second case of somnambulism occurred at Lille, the hero this time being a married man, whose gentler half vigorously exacted that her partner should, upon waking of a morning, descend into the yard to fetch the water for the matutinal ablutions. Latterly the husband had objected to this, arguing that as everything should be in common between man and wife, they ought to take the water- drawing in turns. This attempt at rebellion led to a curtain lecture a few nights ago, which resulted, aa usual, in the triumph of the weaker Bex. Apparently under the influence of the recent altercation, the hus- band, who had a habit of walking in his sleep, roee some hoars before daybreak to perform his wonted task, but mistaking the window for the door, stepped out on to the sill, and grasping the iron rail, was in the act of letting himself down into the yard, when happily his feet coming into contact with the windows of the lodger beneath, broke them, and aroused their proprietor, who, amazed at the unexpected intrusion, inquired what were the intentions of the owner of the legs. To this the sleeper, still clinging to his fragile support, replied drowsily that he was going to do his wife's bidding. His interlocutor deeming it an insult to that lady's wifely affection to suppose her capable of order- ing her Bpouse todeccmd in such a break. neck fashion and airy costume, went upstairs to satisfy his curiosity, which resulted in the slumberer being safely hoisted up from hia critical position, just as the wearied hands were slackening their hold. It is said that his con- sort, touched by the narrow escape of her husband, has undertaken for the future to the fetching of the water in turns.
THE SINKING OF THE "ROYAL GEORGE." In reference to our prospecti of again seeing the Vamguard above water, a melancholy interest attaches to the history of the Royal Otorge after her submer- sion. Many may have been misled by the noble language of Cowper'a aspiration:— Her timbers yet are sound; And the may float again, Fall charged with England's thunder, And plough the distant main. It was not to be. She went down on the 29th of August, 1782. Not till thirty-five years later-in May, 1817—was the ship, which still lay embedded in the deep, surveyed by means of the diving-bell. Twenty- two more years passed away, when Colonel Pasley, of the Royal Engineers (afterwards General Sir Charles Pasley) succeeded in raising a portion of the wreck by an explosion of gunpowder. The mainmast, pieces of the hull, capstan, and tiller, and several guns were brought up by the aid of divers, who descended after the explosion. Between the 23rd of September and the 15th of November, 1839, there were spent 12,9401b, of powder in blasting, and about 100 tons of wreck were raised. The operations were continued at intervals down to 1842, with a museum-full of Interest- ing results, but Kempenfeldt's flag-ship had been finally lost to the country sixty- years before.-Poll Mall Gazette.
AMERICAN HUMOUR. The editor of an Ohio paper publishes the aamea of subscriber* who pay up promptly under the head of Legion of Honear." A female architect has lately opened an offioe in Boston, America. She Is full of beautiful plans and designs. It won't be long before some long-haired poet will break into impaitioned song about gentle spring. The public Is cautioned against any act of violence; treat him gently, but firmly. Dentists have now learned to work around a sensi- tive nerve without the nerve having the most distant suspicion that anything Is going on, and can extract a throbbing molar so dexterously, that the tooth sometimes keeps on aching a day or two before It finds Itself out. From the following paragraph one would think there Is an intention to raise tall students out In Wisconsin. A native paper says, Its Board ot Education has resolved to erect a building large enough to accommodate dye hundred students three stories high." The Hydrophobia Society of New York gives the following statistics to prove that the New Yorker is the cleanest man in society. A Londoner uses 39 gallons of water dally, a New Yorker 107, a Brooklynlte 76, a Phlla- delphian 66, and a CMcagoan SO. In a condry house whore a Japanese wall paper was being put up, In which birds. formed a prominent feature the birds were separate from the rest of the paper, and the hangers dotted them about the wall, apparently scsordlng to their fancy. The lady of the house, who was a bride, with all the zsal and curiosity of a woman who has got an establishment of her own, asked one of the men If they proceeded according to any system. No, marm," •aid the man, we only take care to make the ladles a- follertng the gentlemen, and then we know it's about right." An Englishman was recently conversing with an American on the subject of aristocracy and democracy In Kngland and In America. "Sir," remarked the free and enlightened cttteen, "you will find in our country a number of upstarts who gtve themselves airs and boast of their ancestors, whereas they are, in truth, but shoddy mush- rooms. Those of good family never brag. You see that watch, sir?'' "Certainly," »ald the Englishman—"a gold one?" Yes," replied Jonathan. Now examine the date Inside the cover?" "1828" said the Britisher. "Well, sir," remarked the other proudly, "that wateh belonged to my grandfather, and yet I flatter myself I have never men- tioned tbe circumstance to you before."
EPITOME OF NEWS. BBITISH AND FOREIGN. Twelve persons have been killed and seven injured by the explosion ol the boUer of a saw mill at Worthing ton, In Indiana. The men and boys employed at Earl Fifzwilliam's coUtery near Barnsley, numbering about 900, have submitted to a nine per cent. reduction, which commences on Saturday, the lit, prox. The submission was made without a strike or lock-out. A curious state of things exioits in Tasmania. An act has been passed setting aside the old jury lists, but inaking no provisions tor new ones until tne end ot the pre- sent year. The consequence Is no jury oan bd empanelled, and the judges have had to discharge prUoners awaiting trial. The Liverpool coroner has held an inquest concern. ing the death of a domestic servant, who belonged to Wrrxham. It appears that she swallowed uet ot false teeth while sleeping about a month since, and she went into tbe Liverpool Royal Infirmary. The teeth, "htci had lodged In her throat, were removed by an operation, but an abcess havisg formed she ilea on Friday. A verdict of accidental asta was returned. An American despatch says that a young man walked deliberately Into the rapids above Niagara, on the 6th Instant, and was swept over the falls. Nothing was known of him. It Is supposed to have been a case of nI- ddfc Mr. Spurgeon who has been staying at Mentone several weeks for the benefit of his health, preached to a crowded congregation at the Metropolitan Tabernacle last Sunday miming. The following cable message was received at the London office of the New York Herald, on Saturday, the 17th" Expect unfavourable weather, rains, gale, from Saturday to Tuesday next, British and lirench coasts. A Bill has been printed, bearing the nameB of Mr. James Doff, Lord Bendlesham, and Mr. Colman, which has for Its object to preserve the fisheries In the navigable rivers and broads of the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk and the city of Norwich. Gratitude it has been said, is a keen sense of favours to come. The prisoners released In India on the occasion of the Queen assuming her imperial title are very grateful. To prove this, the first thing a number of them did was to pett- tion the Viceroy for pensions At a meeting of the Cleveland mine owners it was unanimously resolved to reduce the wages of miners three halfpence per ton In the mining rate, and 10 per cent. in other wages after April 16. A deputation will wait on the mine owners on the subject. The miners are at present paid lid. per ton for getting Ironstone. About a year ago they were reduced from 1L to lid. On Saturday, according to intelligence received at Zsra on Sunday, the Bosnian lniurgents had an obstinately contested engagement, lasting six hours, with the Torklsu troops between Benaventura and Drczgnal. Subsequently the Turks feU back upon Livno. Heavy loss was sustained on both sides. The GIouceBtershire Court of Quarter SeBBlons have re salved to prohibit during the ensuing mouth all fain and sales of cattle and removal of Imported cattle from the ports of debarcatlon, and Introduction of cattle into the county from any other districts, The new iron barqueSouthetk, Captain Gray, R.N.R., sailed from Qravesend on Friday In last week, bound lor Brisbane, Queensland, having on board the following number of emigrants, viz, 62 married people, 168 single men, 82 lingle women, 35 children between the ages of 12 and 1. and 14 Infants, making a total of 351 souls, equal to 319i lSamte adults. The single rromen are under the charge of Mrs. CochoV Dr. Garde acting as surgeon-superintendent. In addressing [a gathering at Botley, Mr. Beach, M.P., president of the Central Chamber of Agriculture, spoke with great regret of the reappearance of th e cattle plague, and said that If the Privy CouncU had adopted the resolutions presented by the Chamber last year to the Duke of Richmond and Gordon, the plague would not have re- appeared. The Gavernment must be urged to adopt more stringent regulations In regard to the Importation of foreign cattle. The Prince and Princess of "V^alGs will leave Marl- borough-house on Saturday (Saw) hex! for it cruise the 1 Mediterranean In the noJÜ yacht Osborne, during which the Prince of Wales will litalt the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh at Malta, and the Princess will visit the King and Queen of the Hellenes at Athena. Their Royal Highnesses are expected to be absent from England about six weeks. Any representation which persons interested in the trade with Franco may desire to make on the subjeot of the approaching negotiation with France for the revision of the Commercial Treaty of 186t should be addressed this week to the Secretary to the British Commissioners, Foreign Office, Downlng-street, London. X writes to tbe Standard to suggest that in these days ol great competition when tbe best men "allround" are wanted as officers, eandldates for the army should not only pass a medical ecamlnatton, but that marks should be given thus allowing some advantage, which undoubtedly extits (though hitherto not recognised) in a well-built, keen- sighted fellow of 5ft. lOin. over a weakly short-sighted one of Mt. tta. A French artist, occupying the fifth floor of a house In the Quartler St. Georges, Paris, had complained times without number, but In vain, of the slippery state ot the staircase, the steps being polished till they were slippery as Ice. One morning, hearing the concierge give the polisher orders to leave We work for that day, the painter expressed bis satisfaction. Well," said the porter, "the landlord Is coming to pay us a visit to-day—you wouldn't have him to break his neck, would you?" A return has been issued showing the number of prisoners in the several gaols of England and Wales await ing their trials between the lilt of January, 1876, and the 1st of July, 187C, for periods exceeding two weeks. The number were as follows :-For periods exceeding two weeks, 4,628 exceeding one month, 2,661; exceeding six weeks, 1,825 exoeedlng two months, 1,313; exceeding ten weeks, 802; exceeding three months, 847; exceeding 14 weeks, 197 exceeding four months, 86; exceeding 18 weeks, 61; exceed- ing 6 months, 27 exceeding 22 weeks, 32; and exceeding six months, fie; total, 12,013. I A return has been issued showing the present rates of pay received by each rank of engineer officers in the Royal Navy, and the proposed rates for the future. Chief Inspectors of machinery at present receive Cl 6s. per day; It Is proposed to Increase them to 91 12L Inspectors of machinery are to be raised to &I SL chief engineers at pre- sent receiving from 12L to 18s. a day, according to length of service, are to receive from 13s. to Al 2L, with an Increase 01 1.. a day tor each year's service beyond twenty. Very small Increases are proposed In the daily pay of the lower ranks of engineers. It may not be generally known that by virtue of a patent of nobility granted by the then Emperor of Germany to the first Lord Arundell of Wardomr for his services against the Turks, all the female members of that noble bouse, though they figure only as plain HonouraMes in Lodge and Burke, are In their own right Countesses of the Holy Roman Empire," and are received as such at the Court 01 Vienna to the present day. The late Lady Doughty, who was born an Arundell, always had that right assigned to her In Austria and in Italy and Mrs. Burton, the wife ot Captain BartoD, the Eastern traveller, finds her entrie at foreign Courts on that tootin& -Court Journal A very brilliant meteor was observed at Clifton at "65 on Saturday evening, (the 17th). It was pear-shaped, the apparent slxe being about that of a large pineapple. The Ught emitted when It attained Its greatest brilliancy was of an entire bluish white, similar to that produced by burning magnesium. When it appeared, the effect en the illumina- tion of the sky was as it the moon had suddenly emerged from behind a dark cloud. Its greatest brightness lasted for about two seoonds, after which it disappeared in a northerly direction, leaving behind a trail of apparently red-hot fragments. In the House of Commons, on Monday evening, Mr. Dslrymple asked the President of the Board of Trade whether the Board of Trade can take steps to Induce the various railway companies to publish the alterations In their time tables at least seven day; before they take effect. Sir various railway companies to publish the alterations In their time tables at least seven day; before they take effect. Sir C. Adderley In reply said he had asked that morning, at a conference with the RaUway Commission, whether such a very desirable suggesston could be carried out. They replied that It would be Just as deilrable for the companies as for the public, but there were considerable difficulties in making any arrangement general. The two eldeat Bons of the Prince of Wales wUl shortly be sent on board the BriUmnia training ship, as naval oadets, for their education —The Standard, la noticing this, remarks" There they will enjoy the advantages alike of a public school and of a naval training. They will, to a certain extent, find their level, and will learn that the title of Prince alone will not procure them the esteem, regard, and respect of those about them, and that they must rely upon their own character for a position—nay, even for comfort." A collision occurred on the Great Western Railway on Monday night at Leamington. As the passenger train from Paddlngton due at &30 approached the station, It came Into collision with several trucks which had broken loose from a gooda train immediately preceding It The guard's van of the goods train was smashed and several trucks demolished, but the passenger train kept the lDetalL The accident happened on a bridge, and part of the dlbrla was hurled into the street below. Some passengers com- plained slightly of shock and concussion, but none were seriously hurt. The directors of tbe Bank of England, at their meet- lng the other day, decided on making a present to the British nation of a collection of medals and gold and silver coins which belong to the proprietors of the Bank, but have for some years past been in the custody of the trustees of the Biltlsh Museum. It was resolved to present these and coins to the trustees In trust for the nation, and the* will no doubt gratefully acoept this liberal øift. 0 and they of the proprietors of the Bank, the chairman observed knlw that there was such a collection in existence whioh it different times. The collection is a small one. but. added to those already in the Museum, It will make the general collection superior, the chairman stated, to any in tbe world, Vice-Chancellor Bacon has had before him an issue raised by the will of the late Xr. Mitchell, M.P., for Bdd- port, who left a moiety of his residue "to the chairman for the time being of her Majesty's Board of Worts, to be applied by the said Board for any such charitable purpose benefiting the City of London, In which I ba" Psi-d my life, as the Board for the time being shall In their absolute o discretion think fit" UIa lordship decided Sbal Sbe QoYerD- ment department, and not the Metropolitan Board or y om, must be held to be the body Intended and as £ e forme, declined to act as trustee, and to ° with the bequest, there must be a to appoint a scheme. The Corpor«tloD of London and tee Attorney-General would have leave not Metropolitan Board, which were altogether excluded. The £ an Francueo NevtUOer says 1"This week we reoord thfbeneflt of Edwin Adams, In some respects the mn^nimarkable oooaslon of the kind ever seen tn this city, Md nroves more emphatically than ever that Californlan big-hearted munificence Is no myth. Whatever our cltlsens do they do with a royal good will, and on this occasion the densely crowded house was not large enough by halt The boxes were sold at fabulous prices by auction, and one friend of the beneficiary, Mr. Sothern, paid five hundred dollars for a particular seat. We are sum no other city In the country could produce so wholesome and hearty a scene as the recen- tlon given the Invalid young star as the curtain rose UOM him, seated, and surrounded by the California's ImmJC. company." An amusing incident (saya Mayfavr) happened at tK« conferring of the degree of Mas. Doc. on JoacMm the nth» day. The public orator in the middle of his Latin illustrated a particularly complimentary refnpan»« artist by pointing with hU Inverted to S graduate stood. The expressive and elegant attltn^ .n7 gested to the undergraduate mind the3wSEr £ & mony of sending round the hat," and imnSdlaSv tte appeal was responded toby a penny thrown Unfortunately toe venerable head«ear was ml^S by ^lS Vv«r^d^m>if °n ♦ ^°ne floor With ominous dank. « Dothlng bad happened. In Ijondoio, on Tuesday, a good deal of interest was displayed at Messrs. Debet ham, Store, and Son's auction mart, in Lavent-garden, during tbe sale ot the wardrobe and if.T ? well-known and distinguished foreign lady of title, especially when Lot 66 was reached, It was described as I a matchless Russian sable cloak, composed of skins of tbe very nnett quality, perfect as regards colour and uniformity, ) the skins having been selected with great care and as enormous cost for a Royal personage. The fint offer was 100 guineas, and after a prolonged competition from many bidders the cloak was sold for 460 guineas. The catalogue Included choice Brussels, Valenciennes, and other laces j (which realised from 10 to -iOO guineas a lot), and some choice bijouterie. Tbe sale-room was crowded all day, and tbe total I exceeded £ 3.600. The Chancellor of the Ex checker acknowledges in The Timet Cu "Ceudenee Money,") the tomipt of &,CIO note, sent anonymously. The Duke of Cambridge is not so ill as repremntecl6 Two days ago he had a relapse of gont-a sharp aVALck-but yesterday his royal flfehness was all. Jp remove to hia sitting-room, and eould then transact fulness as FI,I! Marahal CommatxUng-M tMei.—WedneMtay'a Timet. The Manchester School Board hss discussed < soheme for the establishment of penny board schools in the poor and thickly populated districts. Tbey decided by the casting vote of the chairman to try the experiment; but ha order toebtain the concurrence of a larger m»)prity of mem- ben the promoten accepted a suggestion to aajourn the cpo." sideration of the subject. A numerous meeting of operatives out of work through the depression in the sugar trade has been held at Bristol. The speakers were all working men, and they com- plained bitterly of the disadvantage at which Kngtuh marts, facturees were placed In consequence of the bounties paid to French refiners. Of the total amount of Bubscrip-ions-receiver! foe the testimonial fund of the late George 9Cger by the Locdrrt Trades' Council £ 180 has been expanded, leaving new t. sum of f,132 In round figures to be carried to the acDount 1 c purchasing an annuity tor the widow. William Ryan, one of the well-known Irish steeple chase riders, dropped down dead on Tuesday while entering the Geraldstown racecourse, county Meath. Be had recently suffered from heart disease. There were 2,587 births and 1,800 deaths registered in London last week, the former having been 40 and the latter lfa above the average numbers. 'l'be deaths included 100 from small-pox, 44 from measles, 15 from tCMteKever, 5 from diphtheria, 36 from whooping-cough, 21 from different forms of fever, and 10 from dlarrhrea. The Bishop of Exeter, in presiding at Torquay over a meeting held in support of Sunday closing, said tb-.t until something was done to mitigate the fearful evil or drunkenness, the subject must be constantly brought to tra notice of the law-makera The amount, of aioney spent fa drink was at as present time larger than ever it was beio:ew It was not fair, when all other tradesmen haa to close on Sunday, that the publicans should be allowed to keciy epen. Passing through a street hard by jLeioeeter gquard the other day, I saw in the window of a ftrw d brae a silver violin. It was labelled, 4 Silver tioltn from ihe Men* ting ton Afusesm; tht only tne 8Uver vlolnV possibly, are as scarce as a tortolsesheu torn or a Queea Anne's farthing; hut I fancy I coold exhibit even a curiosity—that is a tin fiddle. This VitcLrre musical I ment, which It In my possession, belüngoo to AID6", :Llt' 4,; and figured at many of his entertainments at tt :&?J¡:,tf 1JI Hall as an accompaniment te quaint pateia tongs.— World. The Rev. Basil PoDoff, chap-is;- b1 the Russian Chapel, Welbeek sti*^ London, ar^ ppfygfeg chaplain to the Duchess 01 Edinburgh, dkA £ « Maud s asorntng, after several months* Ulneu. Be had been smabte to perform his clerical duties fer sons time, owing to a mental malady from which he suffered. The Say. Mr. IIope. had been lobg resident in Xngland, and acted as Deacon to Nb father, the Rev. Sagene Popcff, for many years ehapfeln to the Russian Embassy, under the Embassies presided over by Prince Ueven, Count Pozao di Borgo, and Baron Srannew, and who died the year before last, while paying a temporary ^iait to St. Petersburg. Admiral Sir Edward Belcher, K.C.B., F,E 8, difcd on Sunday at the age of seventy-eight. He entered the n&TJ In 1812, was present at the siege at Baeta 18 1816, and at the siege of Algiers In 1816, was actively esaployed in the China war ot 181\ and was afterwards severely wounded tn = action with pirates whUe employed on surveying service In Indian waters. In 18S6 R42 he made a voyage round the world tn her Msjesty's ship Sulphur, of which he sub- sequently published a narrative and he commanded the Arctic expedition sent out In Øii in search of Sir John Jfran kiln. SIr Xdwasd was ensteda E(L1 In 1867, was fa 1847 granted a pension for wounds received In service, and ba 1874 was appointed to a Greenwich Hospital flag officer's pension of A] be. G-oneral aLd Madame Ignatieff, accompanied by the Marquis of Salisbury, and attended by Prince Tzeretelew^ Second Secretary el the Russian Embassy at •bnstanttnopls2 arrived In London from Hatleld-house. Osrrlages were un, walting at the Great Northern ltsbway terminus, which toow General and Madame Ignatieff and Ifince Tzeretelew to Claridge's Botel, whence they afterwards prceeeded to tta Russian mobmgy in chesbam-place, and Nutwowntly were taken In Count SchouvalotTs carriages to the mt Western station, aad then by special train to Windsor, In order to pay their respects to the Queen. Her Matasty's Boyal carrlagec were In waiting to take the losnan Ambassador, and General and Madame Ignatieff to the Castle. General and Madaase Ignatieff and the Secretary returned to Claridge's own after three o'clock, and just before Dye left town foe Hatfield-bouse, Inrd Salisbury going down to Hertfordshire by the same train.
THE MARKETS. MARK-IMR-IAOnAT. Quietness was the feature 81 the grain trade at Mark-lane to-day. XBglith wheat was In short supply. Parme. deliveries are very light, and maybe expected to remain so, owing to field-work requiring a great deal of attention. Millers operated very sparingly, and only from hand to mouth. Vine samples were steady, hut ether kinds were dull, and barely so tan. Foreign wheat was In moderate supply throughout transactions were limited, and quota, tlons ruled abent the same as last week. Pine malting barley was some aDd dear; other kinds, however, sold slowly on former terms. Malt waa qutet, and without change. There was again an indisposition to deal freely In oats, and notwithstanding arrivals recently have not been large, the supplies offering were quite equal to the demand, and Interior corn was easier on the week. Maiae was dull, and 6d. to Is. easier on the week. Beans and peas were quiet and unaltered. The Boar market was dnll, and with- out feature. MXTROPOLJTAV CATILX MARK=.-MoNDAY. In the cattle trade there Is nothing new to report. 3np. piles were again rather tlsort, but safleteatfer requirement*. The receipts of beasts from our own grsatng districts were short, and the general condition was not satisfactory, although some choice kinds were undoubtedly offe-eaT Business progressed slowly, the best Soots and crosses sold at ts. Sd. to 6c Wd. per 81b.; bnt other breeds were Irresula* In value. J'rem Morfolk, Suffolk, Ine36 and CbmbrldgMhlra we have received about 1,1' head, from other pLM Ot Kngland about ttO, from Scotland 148, and lrualPellllCl a bout 160 head, to the foreign side of (he market the sur»!y at beasts was very short, and was principally composed of Danish receipts. The trade ruled quiet at about late rates. Tlae thec- pens were scantily supplied, bnt there was a large supply at Deptford. buinm was on a quiet ugs, and the prices reached were about on a par with those current last week The best Downs and half-breds In the wool made k. 01. te 7s. 8d. acd ditto dipped, 8s. 4d. tots. 8cl. per BlIt. Cawm were disposed ot at about late trloes. At Deptlord were 256 Dutch beasts and 11,000 Gtnnan sheep. Coarse and Inferior beasts, 4a. to 4a. Bd. second quality, da ltd to GL 4d. prime large oxen, ft 6d. to iI. K prime Scots, dtc., ill. 84. to ta. IW. coarse and inferior sheep, 6s. to 7a seeond .8', ditto, 7.. to Ta. 2d. priasc coarse-wooled, 7a lei. to 7a ad. prime South- downs, 7s M. to 7& 1cL: large coarse calves, H. 6d. to 6L prime small ditto, ta td. to 7a large Bars, ta 8d. to 4L amaIlporken. 4a Sd to 4a td per 81b. to ebb the offal. MKTB.9POUTAX JUAT MAUCBT.—MOTOAT. To-day tbtre was a moderate supply ol meat; the various descriptions of which experienced a alow sale, at about previous rates:—Interior beef, 8s. to ta^d. middling ditto. Is. 8d to da td.; prime large ditto, 4a «. te 10d.; pr'ma small ditto, da fid to «s.; vea^f* 4d U ta. 8d.; Inferior mutton, Ss. td to da aslddOng ditto, to 5s. prima ditto, 6s. dd. to ta dd large pork, 8s. «d. to Is. I0d. smalt ditto, da dd. to 6a.; and lamb, 8s. to 8k td. per 81k by the oareaML -U- potatoes a gnat tale of potatoes during the week; •Dd prleM MT6 ittfMty varied, sirtrali •oDttnBlng on a nodmMy txttnahre seal*. Ktat BCKCBIL ftta. to H0& £ ssx ditto, Ms. to ltts.; Scotch regents, «6a. to 106a Rocks, tta to Ms.; Rakes, IMa to 1Ml T*1* 10C51- tol&oa per ten. niUL Pickled herrbigs, fld te 7a rod dltte. M. tc 6a roused ditto, 4a Id. to fla liesh ditto, <4^ 6s. ta to ts. td bloater ditto, H. tdto ta native oysters, sf.r.ru 37s. td.; and crabr. lta to Ms. per acaen. PROVISION LOW** Mo.Pnd:yi?Ur? .1., ~Th? hit week fnnl Inland were M tfrktas B*ter and 4,Vfl bales Bacon, and trom 'oijtgn »ortst&U7 packages Butter and 712 bales Baoon. Tha supplies ot really finest Ifercfe*, Normal* aad Jermy Butter being short prices were n^talnSTVul other qualities increasing In supply and tSerlne«t «>« rates, best Dutch deoll £ d to 1» £ to l^T l^ msrket ruled ten, with a good demand ed nrtL ™ further advanced ta ea Irish and on&uSur^ Gutter, per cwt, a s Dorset ISO to 170 Triesland ltt 154 Gutter, per cwt, a s Dorset ISO to 170 Triesland ltt 154 h us Fresh, per doa it i» Baoon, per cwt. Wiltshire M MA Irish, green, tab. 7t 74 pet cwt.: s. si wieshtee 64 to 84 IH*. Ocucsster to 79 Cheddar 70 td Assertsan 48 78 Hams Ycrk — — Irish 95 104 RAY. WHIT1«A1»^ Saturday, March 17 —*ete waa a short supply ef Day &ad Straw at market to-day. "Mrade was good slid Pt less rather deam as follows -rrhae clover, 100a to ISza Interior, tta to tts. Prime meadow hay, 90s. to 120s.; Inferior, 76a. tc Ms.; and Straw, M. to 6da per load. sin. LOHDOH, Monday, March IOL -CSOVerseM was hi improved demand, and aM sorts of Bed. Bngllsh (and foreign brought the extreme prices ef lost week. TrefoU sold tc a moderate extent at II. quotable change la the value of the bed parcel* of lingliak Foreign qualities eould be bought on lower terml, Grass seeds of all Ion. were In good request at the full prices ol last week. S-mpseed. the best Dutsh, waa steady in price and demand. Canaryieed realised the rates of last week, with a fair sale Rapeseed: Bngllsh sample* brought former prices, the best sorts being In good demand. White aDd brown Mustardieeds more for, tnd prioes were fully as high for all fine quallttea Tares 8k all Baltic were offered at less money. The sales wsre limited, and prices mostly In favour of the buy era 9AMR AND WIUIT. Guinea fcwls, ts. to 4s.; peafowl, fla to 7a, WUQ ducks 3a to 4a widgeon, h. #i 10 *• T. Pintail Sa 8d. to ts. td. golden plovtr, V. td. to la black ditto la to Is. Sd. prairie grouse, Is. ^«d. to as. Id. h»s*l ditto la 3d. to la lad. ducks, 8a lei. to aa ducklings, 4a te 7L Od. quails, to 2L td. and plcewa, td. to la. each. BOPS. There Is not mueh doing tn hops, and though perhaps th# lose of Ihe it wat, no tmproTemenl ctft* be notlood to prloei Foreign markott are generally dull with little prospect ol any immediate revival of busfnesa. Annexed are tbe prioes current in tbe rough East Kent goldfngs, £ » ts to AL12 12.. Mid Kant, SS toell Weald of Kent, 116 16.. to a Iii Sussex, .r8.. to g :16t1.. Worceiters, £ 9 to £ 11 Hi Parnhams and country, £ lta to £ li lia jcarllnes, 187&, £ 3 ta to £ 7; American, 1876, £ 4 to £ « lfi*