9 Carmarthen Borough Police Court. The weekly Borough Police Court was held at the Assem'bly Rooms on Monday, before the Mayor (Mr J. Crossman), Principal W. J. Evans, Mr John Lewis, Dr Denzil Harries. and Mr Henry Howell. A CURIOUS TANGLE. Miles Davies, of the Pelican Inn, was charged with being drunk in charge of a horse. At the previous court defendant did not appear, and the case had been adjourned for his presence. P.C. Llewelyn said that at 6.40 p.m. on the 17th nit., he saw the defendant at the bottom of Lammas street. He was drunk. and was driving a horse and phaeton. As he drove into Guildhall-square, witness held up his hand to him to stop. Defendant took no notice. The witness shouted and defendant took no notice of that either. As the phaeton was passing him in Gui-ldhall square, the witness jumped forward, and put on the brake. The horse then stopped. Witness then led the horse home to the Pelican, and the defendant followed staggering. Defendant denied that he was drunk. Supt. Smith reminded the Bench that Mr Wallis Jones, who appeared for the defen- dant last time, had tendered a plea of "Guilty." Defendant: That was a mistake between my son and the lawyer. The Clerk (Mr H. Brunei White) said that Mr Wallis Jones, at the last court, pleaded guilty for the defendant, and asked the encli to take the case in his a.bsence. The Bench AA~oukl have disposed of the case then and there, were it not that there was a pre- vious conviction against the defendant. Mr H. Williams, watchmaker, Xott square said that lie saw the defendant Ava Iking behind as the policeman was leading the horse. As far as witness could judge, the defendant was as sober then as he (witness) was -at that moment. Defendant said that he was ill, and sent his son to instruct Mr* Wallis Jones. That was how the misunderstanding arose. He had sent his son with money to Mr Wall's Jones. That however was Mr Wallis Jones' fee, and not money to pay the fine. The Mayor in announcing that the defen dant would be fined 5s and costs, said that if he went on at this rate, he would be sure to lose his license. Defendant said that lie could not do any- thing, if the police watched him as they were doing. SETTLED. Rachel Evans had a case against Annie Evans. Both parties live in the neighbour- hood of Cambrian place. They now appeared and announced that they had settled their differences and the case was, therefore, struck out. THE CHARACTER OF A DOG. John Thomas, whose address was given as Springfield, was charged with keeping a dog without a license. Supt. Smith said that an exemption had been applied for in this case, but it had been refused. •Mrs Thomas said that she bad now taken out a license. A dog was required for the use of the farm. Supt. Smith said that the defendant kept sufficient cattle to entitle him to an exemp- tion ibut there was an objection to the par- ticular class of dog which lie kept. If they kept a dog to lodk after the cattle, they would be entitled to an exemption for it. P.C. Daniel Davies proved seeing the dog there on the 22nd ult. Supt. Smith said that the dog was of mixed hieed; they were entitled to an exemp- tion for a dog; but the oIbjection was that this dog Was used for hunting. The Mayor said that the case would be dismissed. RECKLESS DRIVING. Edward Howells, who gave his address as Llwyncel'yn, Llangain, Avas charged Avith driving a horse furiously. P.C. Daniel Davies said that at 5.45 p.m. on the 24th ult., he saw the defendant driving down Lammas street at a furious rate. Defendant was driving to the danger of the pulblic. Witness held up his hand, but the defendant took no notice, and went round the corner of Blue street in a reckless manner. > People were running right and left out of his AMay. He was drunk. Supt. Smith said that the constable had reported that the defendant was drunk; but he had not been proceeded against on that charge. The Bench fined the defendant 5s and costs. THE DRINK. William Rae, of Mill street, was charged with being drunk and disorderly.—P.C. Lodwick proved1 the case, and the defendant was fined 2s 6d and costs. TOO MUCH MUSIC! George Phillips, a farm labourer, who said that he was at present working at Llwynteg, was charged with being drunk and disorderly —P.C. Williams said that at 11.20 p.m. on the 19th inst. lie saAV the defendant near the Townhall. He AAias drunk and disorderly and was shouting at the top of his voice. Defendant denied that he was drunk, and said that the Sergealnt would prove that he was not. P.S. Phillips said that the defendant was very drunk. He was, however, very civil, and pi omi&ed to go home quietly. Supt. Smith said that the defendant had not been there since the year 1900. Defendant said that lie had only had a pint of beer at the Weavers' Arms. He was going home. He felt very happy, and began to sing (laughter). Mr Henry Howell: Perhaps the police mis- took the singing for bad language. Defendant: He came beliind my back lie was afraid of me (laughter).—All the re- marks made by the defendant were made in a very elevated tone. The Mayor, in announcing a fine of 2s pd and costs, adysed the defendant not to speak until lie got into the country.
focal Shepp Dipping Order. The "IOndon Gazette" of Friday last con- auis an order of the Board of Agriculture, dated June 24th, cited as the Black Moun- tain District (Sheep Dipping) Order of 1909, which applies to the following area, viz. the comimort or commonaible lands known as' the Black Mountains, situate partly in the par- ishes of Traianglas, Glantawe, Ystradgynlais Higher and Ystradgynlais Lower, in the ad ininistrative county of Brecknock and partly in the pa,rishes of Llanddeusant, Llangadoek, Llandilofawr Rural, and Quarter Bach in the administrative county of Carmarthen. The Order states that alP sheep except those exempted under Article 3 of the Smith Wales ?nAl ^n^thshire Sheep Dipping Order of 1JU8 shall be dipped between June 30th and October 4th, and shall not be moved without a license.
Presbyterian College, Caruiartiieo.1 PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS BY THE REV G. DAWES HICKS. At the Presbyterian Coflege prize day or the 23rd inst., The Chairman (Professor G. Dawes Hicks) said: Geiiftleliieii, Yet on,ce more it tails to my lot to greet you on the conclusion of your year's wonk, and 1 do it with a feeling that has not grown cold or conventional tluough the lapse of time. I may come to you now, I trust, no longer merely as an examiner and critic, but as a friend and fellow worker, as one who has experienced many of y.,ur diffi- culties, a,nd had to struggle through them, and who thus can share with you the thoughts and aspirations of this hour. I I come from one (busy seat of learning to another, but in both the aims and purposes are the same, and he who has toiled in a London class-room is no stranger to those who grequent. the ofass-rooms at Carmarthen. The hill of Parnassus is as steep heie, I take it. as it is there, unci the same persistent determination is needed to mount its rugged sides before any clear view can be obtained trom above. Some such view I doubt not is yours to-day, as you loook back on the path you have travelled, and rest for awhile ere you continue the climb. The ascent is, indeed, no light matter, and he who sets out upon it requites the assistance of accom- plished guides,, familiar with the way, if his feet are to be kept on the right track. For- tunately, in that respect, you are well, pro- v,ided, and it is on your behalf, no less than on hehallf of the Presbyterian Board, that I would convey gratitude and thanks to Principal Evans and his colleagues on this occasion. There are few human bonds of greater strength and solidity than that be- tween scholar and teacher, and he who opens out to seeking minds the wide landscape of truth and spiritual reality is bound to them by a thousand ties which endure beyond the reach of change or distance to tear asunder. The attachment grows rather than lessens as the years pass by and often in the thick of life's conflict, the pupil realises what his manhood owes to the labour, patience, and friendship of those by whom he was first led to seek the treasures of the intellectual life. May Prncipal Evans, Professor Jones, Pro- fessor Moore, and Professor Owen long con- tinue to gather round them classes of stu- dents, who in successive years will reap the advantage of their ripe scholarship and sym- pathy! Dining the past session more than the usual amount of labour has fallen upon the College staff. The managing body of the College has been trying to institute a scheme 'by which the great stress of the examination work in Jume, that la:>t year told upon the health of many of the students, should be lessened. Instead off holding the examina- tions in all subjects at the end of the session, we have airangecl to take some of them at Easter, and to have short class examinations a,t regular intervals. And in order to coun- teract as much as possible the evils of the examination system, we have determined to allow students to offer, if they wish, essays on specific subjects in, connection with what is being dealt with in the lectures in lieu of sitting for certain of the examinatons. The plan, so far as this first year of trial has been concerned, has been decidedly successfu. and I have been especially pleased with the very thoughtful and careful essays which many of the students have written. I think also the actual work done in the examina- tion room shows signs, in consequence, of distinct improvement. As one of the exam- iners, I am grateful to the College staff lor the trouble and time they have spent in working out the details of the scheme, and in carrying it out so effectively. Upon my own share in the work of the examination I will be brief. As I have said, some really excellent and promising papers have ¡been submitted to my judgment as examiner. Of the senior students, Mr R. M. Rees stands unquestionably first, and his answers have been throughout on a high level of merit. I hope he will continue to be interested in the problems of philosophy. Mr T. Henry Jones has also done very creditably and deserves honourable mention. Of the students of the second year, Mr Herbert Jones, Mr William Williams, and Mr John Davies have each of them acquitted them- selves with distinction, and have shewn con sderable interest in the subjects about which they have written. Of the junior students, I desire to speak in terms of great satisfac- tion of the work of Mr D. Henry Davies. It shows signs of much promise and I anticipate for him a very successful career at the College. Mr John Adams has also proved himself a capabpe and careful worker. Let me offer, too, my sympathy to Mr J. Archer Howells, who through the session has been a diligent and painstaking student, but was through illness compelled to be absent from the examination. And I would further ex- press my hope that the two men, Mr J. O. Stephens and Mr D. J. Jones, who have been representing us in the B.D. examina- tions of the University of Wales will duly reap the reward of their labours. I turn now to speak of matters of a more general kind, and in whiat I have to say I shall he thinking largely of the men who are this year leaving us to engage in the active duties of their calling. They are to be ministers of religion, and in that capacity to spend themselves and to be spent in the ser- vice of their fellow men. And my point of departure shall be that religion is from first to last especially concerned with the inte- rests and well-being of man. Wherever the strain and stress of life are malking them- selves felt, wherever earnest thought and moral endeavour are evincing themselves, wherever trial and temptation weigh humian spirits down, there religion must come with i.ts message of trust and hope and inspiration. The main function of religion is to elevate and sweeten daily life, to transform charac- ter into even nobler and purer forms, to raise the human soul to a consciousness of the reality of that divine spirit in whom we Ive and move and have our being. Perhaps we hardly recognise how much we owe to the Positivists for the persistent and unwearied way in. which they have striven to make us realise the tremendous significance that, be- longs to the human race in the scheme of things. Whilst physical science has been con- stantly tending, in these modern days, to dwarf man's spirit by thrusting upon it the immensities of the material universe, the Positivists have clearly seen that however vast the realms of space may be, and how- ever minute this small globe may a,ppe-ar -oy comparison, yet the existence on it of human- ity is no mere accident, no mere by-product of evolution, but a great and stupendous fact, let the dimensions of stellar regions be as immeasureable as they may. "1 would rather have an hour's sympathy with one noible heart than read the law of gravitation through and through" was the confession of a mind of whose sincerity there can at least be no question. And when Kant in a moment of ecstacy declared that two things filled him with awe—the starry heavens, and the sense of the moral responsibility in man, he at any rate was under no misapprehension but well knew that the splendour of the for- mer in no way dimmed or overshadowed the intrinsic dignity of the latter. Nay. is it not one of the fatal delusions to which the merely calculating intellect is liable that leads us to pit these realities over against each other at all? For they are not in truth commensur- able. Even the omniscient God cannot per- suade the planets to revolve round the sun by convincing them of the categorical im- perative, nor on the other hand .can the united forces of the huge mechanism of nature prevail upon a Luther to deviate one hairs breadth from his purpose as lie stands before the Diet of Worms. View them how you will, matter and soul belong to different planes of being, and there is no common standard which you can bear to bring equally upon 'both. He who is tempted to think or speak disparagingly of humanity because of the little room it occupies in the. vast scale of the material universe is on a par with. him who sneers at patriotism and will not hear of England's greatness, because onr tinv island is auch a dot on the map of the world. It is a species of mental blindness, that, by which I fear we are all at times afflicted, and for my part I am grateful to the posirtivists for the pertinacity and courage with which they not, indeed, alone, but still with character- istically deliberate aim, have tried to clear that blindness way. I recall, for example, the magnificent pretest, of Mr Frederic Harrison against the pantheism that would absorb the lives of all of us into the lifeless whole of what it calls "the cosmos," and I find in his words the basis for a faith wider, indeed, in its range than any which lie him- self would sanction. "There lies," lie says, "in the heart of the poorest and meanest child a potency that cannot be even stated in the terms of the deepest philosophy of the physical universe. Whilst one mother struggling to save one child was left on this mere fleck of dust in the countless procession of the wins, the devotion of that poor crea- ture to her offspring, the love and trust of the child for her protecting parent, have a deeper religious meaning than all the music of the spheres or the mystery of the cosmic forces. There, where these two are cowering toge- ther in trust and love, are still life for others, labour for others, endurance for the sake of something not our own, a sense of reverence and gratitude for protection, conquering pain and leaping over death." Deep and pro- found is the truth embodied in these glowing words. Having, however, said that, I am bound to add that it is a, truth which seems to me to be often lost from view in Mr Harrison's presentations of that ideal which lie would offer as a substitute for the idea of the Divine. Inspiration and encourage- ment are not to be obtained from the thought of Humanity, conceived as the collective spirit, so to speak, of all that was precious and elevating in the intellectual, moral and religious life of the myriads who from the dawn of history have contributed to human knowledge and goodness—a spirit enveloping each of us as an atmosphere, assimiliated and transmuted into the very bone and fibre of our social being, and claiming from us in return the fruits of our industry, our helpful- ness, our rectitude. "In some infinitesimal degree," we are assured, "the humblest life that ever turned a sod sends a wave—nay, more than a wave—through the ever-grow- ing harmony of human society. Not a soldier died at Marathon or Sa.iiamis, but did a stroke by which our thought is enlarged and our standard of duty formed to this day." Be it so certainly no word of mine shall minimise or call in question what is thus maintained I would fain believe that the light and sweet- ness and beauty of every true and saintly soul are ibeyond the power of time and change to touch or tarnish, and that in the way just indicated they are preserved as last- ing influences even here on earth. But when I am further told, as by the founder of Posi- tivism, that ",the individual man is a mere abstraction, and that there is nothing real but humanity," then I find myself in com- plete and absolute disagreement. Whilst repudiating the individualism according to which persons are conceived as so many isolated, independent units, whilst recognis- ing to the full that each one of us only becomes himself in proportion as by work and thought and love, he gradually makes the larger llife of others his own. I would yet insist, and insist in the strongest manner, that humanity, as such, is a pure abtsraction and has no real existtnee whatsoever save in and through the individual lives and souls and characters that are incorporations of i.t. In a sense, indeed, we are, as Mr Harrison is fond of calling us children of humanity, but then the life of humanity is, as Goethe said of the life of nature, in other children, and opart from them the mother is not. It has become customary amongst certain writers to speak of Humanity, as a real living person- ality, endowed with consciousness and will, of which indivduals are but specialised organs, 'but such a mode of expression is, I venture to thinik, confusing and misleading. Just as there can be no thought without thinkers, no speech without speakers, and no love without lovers, so there can be no humanity without men. Humanity lives only in the lives and experiences of individual souls; it has a permanent meaning in so far as it is transmitted from mind to mind, and it is incorporated in the various organisa- tions and institutions of social progress. But there is no distinct ood separate entity called Humanity, standing over against us human beings as a "Great Being that. endures and ab'des whilst, we are born and pass away. So conceived Humanity becomes cold and ghost- like as the dreariest pantheistic "ccsmos," and indeed, precisely after the manner of the latter from which it was to rescue .118, ab- sorbs us all in its chill embrace, and tears us up into bloodless categories. By our modern habits of thought and language, we are, I am sure, perpetually tempted to fall into the error of which I have been, speaking. The tendency of our social conditions is to form men and women according to one pattern, to restrain in them all that is original or characteristic, to stifle and repress all genuine indivdunlity. Poli- tics forces us to act with our party, and stigmatises as a renegade the man who dares to utter an independent opinion of his own. Imperialism would bring into subjection the aspirations of all to the will of one demo- cracy into harmony with the will of many, Reiigious sects would fence round the sheep of their folds with stereotyped beliefs and dogmas, and! let locse the dogs of heresy upon the luckless mortal who strays beyond. And is not the same largely true of our own dealings with our fellow creatures? Most of us have, I suppose, a small band of relatives and friends, whom we know more or less intimately, whose inner being we to some extent appreciate and understand. But for the rest, how superlatively slight is our affinity with the individuality of men! We group them in masses, we parcel them out in classes, and we contemplate them much as we do the stones of a building or the waves of the sea. What do we mean, for instance, when we talk of the English people, and con- nect ourselves in kinship with a national life? Are we mindful of a confederation of millions of souls, each of whom is living his own life, experiencing his own feelings, working out his own destiny, and returning at length to his own God? Far from it. For us, the English people is one huge aggregate: we think of it, we speak of it, we write of it, as sueh, and in our blundering way of picturing it to ourselves, we miss the central signifi- cance that ought to attach to the words we nse. Does the statesman realize it, when he is in charge of a measure that it-j,ll affect for good or ill the wellaile of multitudes? Does the employer of labour realize it, when he engages the hundreds of workers, whose toil shall produce the article of commerce for which he is responsible to the market? Does even the minister of religion realize it, when he is speaiking, or should be, of those eternal verities that link ou.r human spirits a the divine? One has only to ask such questions in order to drag to light the fallacy that so easily besets us. Through the fictitious per- sonification of an abstraction, we Jet escape the greatest and most fundamental truth pertaining to us as human beings—the truth, namely, of rthe unique, personal, individual character of every finite soul, and of the dis- tinctive part, assigned to each in the spiritual community of the world. "So careful of the type we seem, so careless of the singJe life." Ah, ibut here, on this higher plane of being, the single life is the main and essential fact, the sole significance of the type is relative to and dependent upon it. Ae we advance from the realm of mechanism to the realm of spirit we need to change wholly our method of treatment and interpretation. In dealing with physical phenomena, the scientist is justified, and indeed compelled, to proceed by the use of abstractions. Atoms for him are all very much alike, and, as moving and vibrating, the properties of untold millions of them can Ibe represented in a concise mathematical formula. For Newton suns and planets and falling apples vie with each other in illustrating the law of gravity, and without further inquiry into particulars the law of gravity may be taken as scientiific- TI "If0011 n^jnS the movements "of them all. So it is throughout with reference to the physical universe; for the purposes of scientific explanation we may disregard the infinite multiplicity of detail, and concentrate attention only on the general features. Given the condition, of the mechanism of nature at any one moment, then its condition at any antecedent or subsequent moment is eii- cuiable; its continuous changes are all of them exemplifications of universal principle^, and, these known, there is little else of scientific interest to tell. But the case i,s quite otherwise when we pass to the world of minds, the world of history, the world of spiritual realities. There we find that indi- vidual lives, individual' persons, individual events—everything in brief that we have ignored in the sphere of mechanism—are the salient features in the situation. For the historian, it is true, all individuals, are not of equal importance, but the importance that accrues to any one of them is due not to its being a basis for sweeping inductions, not to any suggestion it may offer of a general law, bit to the quite special and .peculiar por- traiture it enables him to draw of a particular inner life, of unique qualities of soul, which simply have no exact parallel, search for it where he will. Each person,alit" in living its own life, in thinking its own thoughts, in ex- periencing its own affections, in cheishing it- own admirations, and in fulfillng ts own pur- poses, is a unique reality in history, an 1 there is no second personality that can b: substituted for it. No finite being can act'- ally be said to take the place of another; that place is the individual's ownj a private inheritance in the commonwealth of souls. Nor does this hold good only of the noted names of history it is true no less of t'e countless lives that with as little thought ,J earning gratitude as of emerging from obsci- rity have been all unknown to themselves sources of unique spiritual influence. What depths of pure thought, what depths of tender affection, what depths of untiring goodness, have eluded the pen of the b o- grapher, whilst records of more conspicuous but far less noble services have ,he;'n hand.d down to fame! "The growing good of the world is," as George Eliot expresses it, "largely made up of unhistoric acts, and that things are not so bad with you and me as they might have been is chiefly owing to those who lived faithfully a hidden life and who rest in unvisited tomtbs." Herein, then, lies the supreme contrast between the sphere of mechanism and the sphere of conscious spirits the one can be understood in terms of abstract generalities, the other in terms of the infinite richness and variety of its indivdual members. Whereas in the former, we are concerned with what can be weighed and measured and tabulated, in the latter there comes before us for the first time a system of worths or values, to which notions of quantity and number are wholly in applic- able. The principle of the conservation of values, it has recently been maintained, is the fundamental axiom Off religion. Through the light of that principle, we may see once more the futility of the notion of Humanity ty conceived as an o'bject of religious reverence and aspiration. In the bare notion of Humanity, there can be no con- servation of values. Individual soiils, indi- vidual minds, individual characters alone possess value, and if these be cast as rubbish to the void, then values too die with them, even though the idea of Humanity preserve its t'uneless validity in some Platonic heaven. And now, at length, I have prepared the way for the message I bring you to-day. As ministers of religion, you are to be guides and inspi'rers of men, helpers in the rearing of human personalities, custodians of the world's values. For that great calling, human nature will be your chief study, and you will study it reverently and devotedly at first hand in the little circles in which your ministry will lie. There it will come before you in manifold and diverse forms-in the innocence and merriment of children, in the strenuousness and ardour of youth, in the busy industry and fond devotion of manhood and womanhood, in the calm serenity of old age. Common place things enough, do you say, and hardly sufficient material upon which to expend the energies of a, vocation! Be not deceived if what we have been insisting upon be true, there is nothing in all the world that is more full of undying interest. Common in a sense these familiar facts may be, ¡bnt common place they certainly are not. Behind them lie just the unique dramas, the unique tragedies of which we hwve been speaking—the values and worths which give to human life its inexhaustible grace and dig- nity. Aspirations, ideals, voiceless prayers and joys, sorrows and loves the most pro- found, secrets the deepest, yearnings and loneliness of heart pathetic in its sadness and yet majestic in its signi-fimnee-all this and much more is there, and if you can but see it, and watch it, and gently sympathise with it, you will have enough of eager passionate interest to call forth all the resources of your thought and faith and courage. You need be envious then, not even of those who stand foremost in the ranks of popularity, and whcse names are on everybody's tongues. For you will be in close touch with what they, for the most part, behold out from a distance —the greatest and divinesfc incidents transacted below the skies. "Christ did not love humanity." declares a modern author, "he never said he loved humanity he loved men." Paradoxical as that dictum may sound, I lbelieve it to be unreservedly true. The essential characteristic of the Christian gospel—that which distinguished it from any other that had been previously proclaimed, is not expressed in the phrase of the "enthu- siasm of humanity," but in the emphasis it laid upon the infinite worth and value of each individual soul. Christ saw that heaven was needed to complete the history of the earth, because each fini,te soul had within it the capacity of contributing that to existence without which the whole universe of reality would be incalculably the poorer. The uni- verse can spare, if needs be, the law of gravitation, but it cannot spare the love and affection of a, single noble heart. Plunged, then, into this work, so replete with untold possibilities, how are you going I to meet its demands and rise to the height of its opportunities? Avoid from the outset, I pray you, one fatal mistake into which just now you may all too readily fall. There are always in every church certain persons who will lend their suffrages to him who flatters them by defending their own pet dogmas or sectarian prejudices. When men are clamm-erin, a about doctrines and creeds and articles, a cheap popularity may easily be won by espousing either the one side or the other. But it is a popularity that is dearly bought. These miserable wrangles are bring- ing often the Christian church into discredit, and preventing its ministers from grappling wth the real problems of life. If you will but take the trouble to know men-to know them intimate.ly and well—you will find that their most vital concern is not with questions of trinity or unity, not with questions of miracle or biblical infalliblity and the like, but with thoughts and ideals that constiute the very sum and substance of what we mean by religion. "Believers in God," is the inarticulate cry that you may hear pressed upon you, "tell us of Him. Is there indeed an Omniscient Mind guiding the course of events, or are we orphans in an alien universe with no Eternal' Love on which to lean? Have you really fo-und am cver- aoul, a living Intelligence, an Almighty Father?" "Men of trust," they cry again, "here are we toiling, suffering, dying; those who are dearest to us are slipping away from us iin sickness to the grave; our home happi- ness is departing, death is making havoc amongst us, and hurrying us also to the tomlb. Can you give us any assurance that this is not all, that we may look for light after all this terrible darkness." Those a.re some of the actual realities you will be called upon to face, and unless you can bring earnest sincere thought, patient reflection, and kindly sympathy here to bear, the great work of your lives wiil be left undone. Here in the quiet hours of College study, you have gained the preparatory training necessary for the task, and it remains for you to com- plete it now by first hand experience of the wants and longings and sorrows of men. Go to them not as professional spiritual phy- icians to whom alldoubt and misgiving and grief is very much of one kind, to whom the holiest things are only "cases" they have got to attend to as part of their business. Go to them Avith real human discernment and feeli,ii,g-ii,itli the feeling that can and will manifest itself if only it be there; go to them with that indefinable sympathy and love and considerateness which can penetrate into the very sanctuary of their hearts and make them realize that you ,too are bowed down with them in the anguish they may be called upon to endure, and yours will be a vocation blessed of men, and sanctified I devoutly believe, by the approval of God. Other fields of usefulness vou may then, indeed, enter, but never at the cost of neglecting that where you are bound, by all Me claims of loyalty, to be ever at vour post. Uivrc and political duties will crowd upon you, and in the strife of contending parties it may be often incumbent upon you to make your voice1 heard, and your carefully con- sidered judgments known. Great social changes are impending, and to these it is impossible that you can remain indifferent. Conceptions, too, of national policy are in tli(-,ai,i-, and from the discussion of them there will be for yon no standing aloof. But as guardians of the higher worths and values of existence, upon you the mission falls of con- vincing your fellow citizens that there is a truer imperialism to strive for than what is sometimes dignified by that name. "Here, while the tide of conquest rolls Against the distant golden shore, The starved and stunted human souls Are with us more and more. Vain is your Science, vain vour Art, I Your triumphs and your glories vain, To feed the hunger of their heart, And famine of their brain. Your savage deserts howling near, Your wastes of ignorance, vice and shame, [s there no room for victories here, No field for deeds of fame? Arise, and conquer while ye can The foe that in your midst resides, Ind build within the mind of man The empire that abides" The Rev W. G. Tarrant expressed a hope that the chairman would publish some of tlib addresses he had given in that room. They were worthy of the attention of a far wider circle. He (iMr Tarrant) had to set a short paper on Homiletics. He asked the students to name the cliief defects of Preaching. One answer was "Extreme length." One way to avoid that was to ensure that the preacher had to catch a train—as he now had to do. He had that year to pretend to know some Hebreiv-he -was afraid that even the Juniors had found Mm out. He found a true spirit of comradeship existing in the College. Excellent work had been done in the subjects in which lie examined- Even those who did not shine ha da right to their self-respect. We could not air be brilliant; most of us had to live in the shade. When we died we were as the Book said" as if we had never ibeen" but our names are written in the Book of Live and our seed is in the Covenant. He was sure the students did not desire to serve a, denomination or a creed, but to supply the needs of men as they were supplied by our Heavenly Father. Mr Alfred Wilson said that was his first visit and appreciated the high work done at the College, and the splendid preparation young men received there for the Christian ministry. They all aspired to be leaders of men in a. greater or lesser degree, and they would all have to make their own way in the world as they had no external aid in the way of riches. They should set before them the highest ideals, and endeavour to work to them. If they did that they could never be failures (applause). The Rev J. C. Ballantyne said that the deputation could parody Caesar, "We came, we saw, and we were conquered." They had seen all the beauties round a,bout Carmar- then, and it had conquered them. They went for a splendid drive to a place he would not mention for fear of pronouncing wrongly. The beauty of the scenery was nearly up to his own country—Scotland (laughter), and it almost conquered him. He also got wet, but that did not matter (laughter). They heard two sermons there—one in Welsh (laughter). He understood it though—the poetic nature, zeal and earnestness that lay beneath the words. He understood its power of appeal, and ilf there was no power of appeal in a preacher's heart, and in his being, he is utterly useless in the ministry. In the Eng- lish sermon the text was "Come and See." That was what brought the deputation there. "Can no good come out of Carmar- then?" Well, they came down to see, and they had been conquered (applause). He extended them a hearty invitation to come and see the Board in London. London they often heard was a place of atheists. It was not atheistic. Every man there had a. soul. and every man hungered for religion. He had seen there some of the finest manifesta- tions of .religious life (cheers), and when they came up lie would introduce them to those ) manifestation's. Dr Talifourd Ely (examiner in classics) also paid a high tribute to the splendid work done I hy t,he students in his department. Some of them had found that the language of the Saxon was one of his weak points, lending itself as it did to amibiguity. There was an ambiguity which was intentional and one which was unintentional. To the former class no doubt belonged the reply of Disraeli to an author "I shall lose no time in jeading your book." He had set a question "Give some account of Greek ideas of a future state." j One student who was more ingenious than his fellows placed a different interpretation on It to the others, and he took a political view of the question and gave some observa- tioiis-erid,ently based upon the Republic of PI-ato-a.s to how they could improve the Constitution of the State. He (Dr Ely) gave that student some marks for finding him out (laughter). He hoped next time if he asked a question about the Constitution of Athens ho would not get an answer on Roman Literture and Art. The Chairman read a telegram from Mr Harold Ba,ily sending his greetings to the students and staff, and a letter from the Rev J. H. Weather all, regretting that through family trouble he Avas unable to be present, The Chairman explained that Mr Weather- all's little hoy was suffering from a lingering fever, and the mother had been overcome by j the strain of nursing. He (the Chairman) thought they Avould want to express their sympathy with an old teacher in the trouble which had fallen on his home. Principal Evans, who was greeted with cheers on rising, said in the first place he must notice the kindly remarks that had fallen from Dr Hicks with regard to the Pro- fessors, and they were grateful to him for what he had said. They had received from the Board nothing but courtesy and con- 1 sideration. They had in the College students of different kinds. He had been in the Col- lege for 25 years, and during that time they had had Independents, Baptists, Wesleyans, Methodists, and Unitarians. He could tell them that he had never seen the slightest indication of a desire on the part of the Board to make any distinction between students who belonged to different parties. Their sole anxiety had been to provide one and all with an effective education, so that they should go to their great calling properly equipped—able to handle the truth aright, as workmen who need not be ashamed. He supposed some 250 students had passed through his own classes, and he wished they were all there that day to bear testimony to what he said. He paid a tribute to the work of the students, and to their hearty co-operation. He had nothing but praise to say of them. That year they missed a familiar figure—one who had handed them the prizes and certificates from that table. He referred to Mrs Dawes Hicks, who had unhappily passed away since the last meeting. He would say no more, but he would a«k them to rise in their places as a. slient tribute to her gentle and amiable qualities in private life, to the deep interest she took in the work of the College, and the ardour with which she encouraged the un- tiring efforts of her distinguished and devoted husband. The large assembly then rose and stood 11 for some minutes in silince, several of those present being visibly moved by the impressive scene. The Chairman then distributed the prizes and certificates, talking occasion to express his sincere good wishes to Mr Stephens and Mr Jones for their, success in the University examination, a Mr Stephens had been there for a long time, and he had shown himself to be a distinguished scholar. [It is now known that Mr iStephens has passed his Final B,D.] Professor Jones thanked the chairman for his address which was most inspiring. They were equally thankful to Mr Wilson for look- ing after the finances, and they appreciated his attention. Principal Evans had been there for 25 years, and he was inclined to think that he himself had been there a few days longer. 250 pupils had passed through the classes of Principal Evans; but he be- lieved that as many as 260 had passed through his own, and they were all very good boys. iHe agreed with what had been said that they had never experienced any sectarian difficulty there. They had never reached that plane, or else they had gone 'beyond it. reached that plane, or else they had gone 'beyond it. The Rev Philemon Moorse said that he re- membered that College for 21 years. It was true there had been a break of a few years in Qe his connection with it, but during those years his eyes were still upon the College. Looking back upon those years he could say that no fpatnre had been more marked than the earnestness of the students who took their studies very seriously. Professor i-Al. B. Owen said that some sitr- prise had been expressed that an individual as narrow as himself (laughter) should be connected with a College which was so broad. He claimed for the Baptists that they lwd always stood up for the right of the individu- al to know the truth for himself. It was not inconsistent for him to be there to help indi- viduals to find out the truth for themselves. The Rev. E. U. Thomas referred to the intellectual side of religion touched upon bv the chairman in past addresses. He had longed for an address to the students giving them a message to hearts laden with sin and sorrow. To-day that wish had been realised and there was a note in the music which was not earth born. Mr P. J. Wheldon complimented the st i dents on their conduct out of doors. He advised them never to copy anybody, but L be their own selves. The Rev John Rogers (Pembrey) concluded the meeting with prayer. At the conversazione which followed th:, public proceedings, a musical entertainm-jjil was provided by the students, in the course of which a Hockey prize, in the form of a handsome hockey stick, was presented to Mr T. Henry Jones, by a member of the Presbv terian Board, in the absence of Mr Harold Clennell, the donor Later in the day the students dined together at the Central Hotel.
Eczema Beyond Aid. "Cutieura is the only tilling that cured my little daughter when she had suffered with eczema for six months. It spread all <)ARC her body. She used to sc atch herself the blood ran down her fingers. Nothing did any good. We had spent pounds on her, first with one thing, then another. I took her to two doctors and they gave me oint- ment and lotions but still it went worse. She was a complete mass of running sores. "A nurse took her to a specialist in Man- chester and he had said he had never seen a child's head n such a state before lie lanced it. He gave us a lotion to dress it hut it didn't seem to get a bit better. I read of the Cutieura Remedies and I am thankful I tried them, for before I had used the first lot I saw a great difference in her. I had five sets of the Cutieura Remedies and she was cured before I sued them all. Cutieura Soap, Ointment and Pills cured her when all else failed. I only wJsli I had tried them sooner. I can safely say they are the cheap- t est and best tlilat you can t for any diease. Mrs. S. Astles, 5, Castle Tenac?, MeadoAv Bank, Winsford, Cheshire, England., July 8th, and Aug. 27tli, 1908."
FO" ™ BLOOD IS THE LIKE. -Clarke's world- famed Blood Mixture JS warranted to cleanses the blood from all impur-ties,from whatever cause arising for scrofula, scurvy,eczema, skin and blood d if eases. Pimples, and sores of all kinds, its effects are mar- vellous Thousands of testimonials. In bottles, 2« 9d uad Ili; each, of aU chtmists. Proprietors, Lincoln and Midland Counties Drug Con)pany,Linccln. Ask for Clarke's Blood Mixture and do not be persuaded to take any imitation.
Carmarthen County Police Ccurt. SATUIIOAY.—June 26t]i.-Before Mr Dud- ley AV. Drummond, Hafodneddyn (in the (hair); Mr A. O. Davies, Uplands; Mr J. Li. Thomas, Gibach; and Mr J. LI. Tlumas, Deny. NO LICENSE. J.uiie; .Davies. farm labourer, Glyn Cottage li.angunnor, was charged by P.O. Williams, with keeping a dog on the 17th June without a license. Defendant pleaded "Guilty." The CoiiistaJble &aid that defendant was the owner of a Iblack spaniel dog above the age of six months, and that he would prefer to de- stroy it than take out a license. He had since taken out a license. He was fined s. od. and costs. ) OBSCENE LANGUAGE. John Morris. Nantglas; Edgar Thomas, Cihven; and Morris Davies, Pontleasli, labourers," of Peuygroes, were summoned for using obscene language in Llanarthney on Sunday, the loth inst. The defendants ad- mitted the charge. P.C. Jerikins said that 8.10 p.m., on Sun- day, the loth inst., he heard a disturbance in Llanaithney village, and on preceding to the :;pot. found defndants using obscene language There were a lot of people coming out of chuiroll. (Defendants were under the influ- ence of drink. They left the village, and in consequence of fresli complaints, witness went a:fter them and ,asked them to desist.- They were each fined 7s Gd and costs. TRESPASSING. For trespassing in search of game at Is- coed. Ferryside, on the 12t.h iust., Thomas Alorris, farm labourer, Nantygoitre-issa, Ua.iidefeilog, was summoned by Seigfrid Zaehert, gardener at Iscoed. Complainant said that on the 12th inst., lie was in Iscoed Garden between 9 and 10 o clock in the morning when he heard two shots. He proceeded in the direction, and heard. another shot, and found Thomas Mor- ns with a gun and a rabbit. Defendant said that he had had permission to shoot from Mr Aloses-, who owned the land. Witness told him that the land belonged to Mr Picton, and was let to a, Mr Williams. Mr Picton re- served the game.-Defendant was fined il and costs. Job Da.vies, farm servant, Tresilwood, St. Ishmael1, was also summoned f; r a similar offence. JMJSS Lucy EJenor Rrogden, Iscoed, said that at 20 minutes to 8 in the evening she was at Iscoed, when she heard a shot from the direction of the gorse patch. She pro- ceeded in the direction of the shot and found two men at the bottom of the patch. She went round the lower field, and they were still there. When they saw her they got over the fence on to Nantygoibre field, a,nd hid under the hedge but finding that they to P' ?aT ?ut- Witness went SSe^aidaSked them names. JJne said that his name was Job Davies, in the employ of Mr Rrchaixl Jones, Tresilwood wis s]°m+ f!m l)e,1(,)ng<"d> ajld "'horn he »as shooting the rabbits. The grazing rights AA ere let out, ibut witness reserved the soort- mg rights Mr Jones had bought the Si- ng of a field some distance away. The other man (a farm servant named Collins) n the company of the defendant, said he was :n the employ of Mr John Moses Xantv goitre-rssa so had a right to belLre The men had two dogs AA-ith them. Witness taJked Job Davies to let her see the aun and cartridges, and he did so. The cUn 'was not (loaded, but had been fired. Witness had i>re viously heard a shot in a plantation close by. Some weeks previously defendant was hoot- ing in the game plantation, and she saw him go Avith a gun and one of the do^s in the direction of Bryncoch, ° 6 Cross-examined by defendant: He did hide under the hedge, he was on Nantygoitre- Defendant, on oath suVl H1: svi "is Ibe master told him to go and see the colf<j SJ'S,field ha<1 take the g,m and try to get a rabbit or two. e also told him to take a dog so as to move met olu f°ne another. Witness met Collins, a farm hand at Nantygoitre, on the field. He was looking for slieeo Wi+. ShhST? CoUiiuT aSS him to go Jli.ss Brogden came up he gave his name and address lik-o a gentleman, of Vross-examined by complainant: He Avas walking all the tune, and did not shoot at he had tW dn 3 ?U,r Cartrid £ es> and those lie had that daj. It was on the return jour- ney that he intended shooting on his mas- ter's ground. He heard two shots, and told Miss Brogden so. Defendant did not clean (^i"]--8 SUn' ^le Sin in question cleaned far ? converted ^d not been cleaned tor a year, as anyone who knew any- thing about them would know. Alfred Collins, fa.ran labourer, Na.ntvsroitre !Taf' Richard Jones, farmer, Tresilwood (defendant s master) corroborated. The I'at- ter said that Avhen he bought the grazing nghts, Mr D. H .Thomas (of the the S 0f eerSS+Sl 1 +i!'n0y 'T T,mmas). the auctiom- ra'M,^ l' ri: ';uer'S tJiat thev oould fu 1 ,f -t P V16/11 dmVn" llie T^e was full of rabbits, and it was not AA-orth taking the grazing without that right Witness onlv gave defendant four cartridges. Cross-examined by Miss Broaden • Tim «S tie Shjet • t(> the field, and was used as such Wit- ness did not know that the auctioneer had no authority to give him permission to shoot the rabbits. They all believed him and took his AAord for it. Witness was sorry now. The Chairman asked for an ordnance snr- vey map, which was produced, and the posi- tion of the fields described. saWn tharVM,^Ara maSi,st^te, Miss Brogden said that Mr Mose.s and Mr Jones Avere not tenants under the Agricultural HoTdings Act, 1902. They only took the grazing for the summer. The Chairman said that the Bench were W. fit fa+? ? ?iant AA'ould be given the misled doubt. The case Avould be dis-
New Cure for Eczema. The terrible itchinga,ocom,panying that dis- tressing and dangerous skin disease eczema is stopped with the first application of the applied extern! V- 1 I 'f, a Pow erful antiseptic that goes d.rctt to t!,e seat r,f trouble. It promSfc a. i Sr 11n ,r,11Jiation, gives immediate and grateful relief, and usually effects a complete cure in two or three weeks. Its action i.s + /J1010 remarkable in less serious skin troubles, such as rash, pimples, blotches scaly skin, cuts, sores, burns, insect bites, eruptions, cliafings, prickly lieat, fJllnburn, complexion Flemishes, etc. Surprising results are often oibtained by an overnight treat- bHn c2Xls sold at 6d ls p-««
EIFFEL TOWER LEMONADE. A 4id. bottle makes 2 gallons of delicious Home-made Lemonade, produced solely from Fruit and Sugar. Ask your Grocer,