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CARMARTHEN UNDKtl THE 1 L -'I. t S EA H i "IILIGHT. | Oemp uoms. arid sit nll down ynn shall NIT bui.??, You shall net g", tiil I set you up a 1a.88, Where you in-y see the inmost rart of y-.m. ————— SIIAKKSPKAIUS. A poet is not altogether without honour in his own country. The works of Sir Lewis Morris are sold readily at Carmarthen rail- way bookstall. The cycling track in the Park appears to afford excellent practice as a toboggan. One or two of the slabs have been practically ruined by the irrepressible youngsters. The adventurous youth sits down on the track, and places his boots square en It and glides in a more or less swanlike fashion to the green turf beneath. It it bad for the track, and it is bad for the boots, but it is worse still for the portion of the boy's clothing which comes in for the greatest amount of friction, and parents arc enquiring frantically for estimates for suits made cf leather or galvanised iron. There is a very heroic policy adopted by a good many people in this town. When they are found out in some of their little games, they on doing the things out of bravado just to show hat they dcn't care. It is done on the same principle as induced Sixteen String Jack and others of his kind to "die game." There is going to be quite a number of deaths shortly so far as public life is con- cerned, and the principal actors may as well put the best face on it and die game—for die they will. A gentleman has been here, during the week dining on fire, and winding up with a kitchen poker as dessert. If this sort cf diet becomes general, we may snap our fingers at the fiscal policy and regard the price of bread with a calm indifference. On Saturday evening Carmarthen station was crowded, and a good deal of attention was attracted by two prisoners who came in handcuffed together between two policeman. One of the prisoners excited a good deal of sympathy because he was holding his hand- kerchief to his face. The general opinion was that he had been the victim of an outrageous assault, and through some miscarriage of jus- tice had had a term of imprisonment for his share in the row. As a matter of fact, the handkerchief was merely used to prevent recognition. There is a great falling off in the number of tramps who apply for hospitality as compared with the number this time last year. This may be caused by the extra labour imposed, or it may be attributable to the fact that we are having a finer summer than we had last year. 1 If practice makes perfection, then the bell ringers of St. Peters Church must be adepts. Some people suggest that the bells should be taken up to Merlin's Hill when the ringers want to have an evening with the bells, bells, bells. There was a short interpellation at Friday's meeting of the Town Council regarding the hawker of herbs, who has been allowed to occupy the public thoroughfare with his van, and to conduct business in the street. Mr White did not think that the Council had power to 'interfere with the man, and the Town Clerk was not very decided on the point, so the matter remains where it is. It is an extraordinary thing that the police have power to move on any loafer who ob- structs the thoroughfare, and to prosecute him for obstruction; while they have no power to interfere with an assembly of a couple of hundred persons who are listening to the oratory of a medicine man. Possibly there has been some recent legislation on the sub- ject. Some time ago when footpaths and towing paths were being lost right and left, I sugges- ted that by and bye the public would find that they had no right of way in King street or Lammas street. Recent developments show that this was but another case of a true word being spoken in jest. It is an extraordinary thing that not even an Italian can play a hurdy-gurdy for an hour in the streets without the permission of the Mayor, whilst a hawker can night after night turn the public street into a market place for his wares without anybody's consent. It must be without "anybody's consent" for surely nobody in authority would ever authorise such a thing. There is not such an overwhelming demand for medicine that our local authori- ties would feel it necessary to offer an extra- ordinary privilege and inducement to a non- resident so we are relutantly forced to the conclusion that our. streets are at the service of anybody who chooses to set up a van on the cobbles, and there to ply his trade! One argument which is used is that the huxter in question pays tolls to the market lessee. That is nothing to the point. That only gives him the right to sell his merchan- dise within the Borough. It does not affect the question of a title to a public thorough- fare. If I take out a license for a dog, that does not make the dog my property it may only prove that I am rather speculative to spend 7s (id on a dog which is not mine. You may take out a license to shoot game; but that does not authorise you to shoot over anybody's land. It only authorises you to kill game—if you can get any to kill. If the market rights include a title to set up a stand and to carry on trade in the street, then the market is a much more valuable asset that we have ever realised. It is to be hoped that this branch will continue to grow, and that next January we shall get at least an extra £1,000 a year for these additional market privileges. This may be some slight recompense to the ratepayers for the special disadvantages under which they are placed as compared with outsiders. If anything is an obstruction, it is no defence at all, even if permission were given by the Mayor and Corporation. The public thoroughfare does not belong to the Corpora- tion, and it does not belong to the Mayor. It does not even belong to the ratepayers. The public roads belong to the public. Any resi- dent, any traveller, even any foreigner living in the lving's peace has a perfect right to walk along any public road and to insist on any- thing being removed which obstructs the road way. Let that be remembered: the public roads belong to the public. Any permission which people have to set up standings-in the streets is not a bit more valuable tn if I gave such permission. So the only question which exists is whether the police have any right to interfere. It is really high time that the Carmarthen public formed some kind of an organisation to fight out matters of this kind. In Carmar- then at the present time, if the authorities do not interfere, that is an end of the business. But in most cases anybody who has .a grievance can take action for himself. It might be a seveie burden for one individual to undertake to fignt a case; but a Ratepayer's Association would fight the case very easily. There may be an excellent case to go on with although the public authorities won't move. In the case of Whittaker Wright, the Attorney- General thought that there was no ground for undertaking a prosecution yet others pro- ceeded, and the offender was convicted. When the Law officers of the Crown can be so hope- lessly wrong, it is more than likely fhat less eminent authorities would be sometimes found to nod. ■ The very existence of some such Association would have an intensely stimulating effect on the public life of the town. It is just a bit too rich that the Town Council should come to some kind of a decision, and that that should be the end of the matter. It is rather a peculiar kind of a House of Lords to give a final decision. Perhaps if we had some inde- pendent Association we should be able to test the legality of several other matters—for instance, the employment of Corporation men j paid out of the rates to assist at fetes and bazaars and the like which have nothing whatever to do with the work of the Corpora- tion. In the case of the County Council, or of the District Council any ratepayer could go before tne Government auditor and object I to these payments. > iííQ One of the glrrious "privileges'' of the I Ancient Borough is that there is no such roaJy method available for testing the legality of any particular payment. One or two cases do not matter much, but the downroad is very slippery and when we have embarked on this career cf using Corporation labour for other than Corporation purposes, we shall not feel too particular in the future about many other little things—except there is a sudden pull-up. Bad precedents are followed more readily than good ones and there are ever so many deserving causes which would be glad of this form of rate-aid. There have been announcements made recently of the names of boys and girls who have won scholarships at the Intermediate Schools in the county—Carmarthen amongst the number. It is a fact not generally appre- ciated that the scholarship as such only carries with it free tuition. The scholar is exempt from the fees but has to find the money for books, stationery, and other ex- penses—a sum which it is often stated is quite equal to the amount of the fees. The scholarships to be really useful should j include a sum sufficient to pay the reasonable school expenses of thosa winning them. Tn that way the successful candidates would be as free at the Intermediate as at the elemen- tary schools. It is true that those who win scholarships and find the school expenses a burden can apply to the managers for a 'bur- sary"—a certain sum of money to provide for j these expenses. But the bursary implies no ] merit at all, although it presupposes some kind of enquiry into the means of the parents. Now, although people with plenty of money who like to "deadhead" their way through life have no scruples about applying for such help, parents in straitened circumstances really do object to disclosing their poverty. The bursary really can be had for the asking; and considering the fact that the children who go in for these scholarships do not as a rule belong to wealthy families there is no reason why it should not be given without asking. Now that the intermediate school manage- ment is getting into new hands one of the little things which is worth enquiring into is the amount which intermediate education really costs. The fees vary from £3 3s a year in Whitland to 5s in Carmarthen; but that is only one item. There are books and stationery; there are needlework materials for the girls and possibly other expenses re- quired for the boys. Of one fact there can be no possible doubt; inteemrdiate^education has not yet been brought within the reach of the masses. A horse shoeing compeition was held at the Park last week in connection with tJw Agri- cultural show. The shoeing smith has not yet became a thing of the past, although it would be advisable for him in view of con- tingencies to learn something about motor-car potching. There was a fine pile of cinders left in the Park after some thirty blacksmiths had taken part in the competition. No doubt these will be tipped in some convenient corner; and a few centuries hence some antiquarian will probably unearth them, and write a learned treatise advancing fourteen different theories to account for the deposit. There has been a good deal of enquiry as to the great increase in the number of prisoners in Carmarthen gaol. That is due to the 1.1an- ellv people who patronise us now instead of sending their prisoners to Swansea as they used to do. This is a valuable addition, for Llanelly provides more prisoners than all the rest of the three counties put together. Any assault on an asylum patient always excites widespread indignation, because none of us know what we may come to one day ourselves. There are several tradesmen in Nott Square who have not much room in their back pre- mises, and they are thinking of stacking their packing cases in Nott Square. Packing cases are as good as vans, and Carmarthen tradesmen are as good as hawkers of herbal remedies. It is only now people are beginning to realise their pidveleges. One authority has said "Can you prove it is an obstruction P There is room to pass?" Dear me! So people can now pack the .street with anything they like so long as there is room for a person to pass. There is plenty of room for roundabouts then in Guildhall Square. One of the Guardians has stated that the inmates of the workhouse claim the right to go in and out as they like, and to defy the Board to do anything to them. This is a delusion fostered by too much indulgence. The inmates can be handed over to the police, if they get drunk—even if their drunkenness does not appear until they get inside. It is an offence to be drunk anywhere under the new Act. There arc many other things for which in- mates can be prosecuted. To disobey the orders of the Master, or to use bad language to any of the officials, or fifty other offences renders a pauper liable to be summarily con- victed as a "rogue and a vagabond" (three months). The law gives a captain of a ship power over his crew, a colonel over his regi- ment and paupers are no better than the rest of the community. Some of the doings of the Blue st. hooligans came before the Borough Bench on Monday last. A policeman was surrounded by a liowf- ing mob of hobbledehoys—half bovs and half men—had his whistle stolen, his helmet kicked off, and himself trampled upon. This surprises nobody who knows the Blue street gang. They simply carry on a Reign of Terror, trusting that their dirty tongues and general hooliganism will ensure them a free fling. The gang has been notorious for many years, and the one policeman who tackled it was finely mauled. There are three or four cases pending; and whether the police have got the right men is the matter to be decided. But whether these are the right ones or not, the matter has now come to a head. There are a hnndred or so hobbledehoys who think that no power in heaven or earth can touch them, and the gang has got to be rooted out. ALETHEIA.

.. Reviews.

. By the Way.

-----| Hooliganism at Carmarthen.:…


Carmarthen Borough Pol ce…

Arc yon ran down ?

Carmarthen County i olice…

Blondes v. Brunettes.

,-Sauiiclersfoct L steddfod.