CANADA. It is bad enough to have Ireland threaten- ing to buck herself out of harness, but we never expected to find loyal Canada at- tempting to kick over the traces. Riot in a team is very catching, and is a possibility ever present in the minds of Unionists now en- gaged in quieting the vagaries of the near wheeler whose riotous behaviour bids fair to upset the coach. Many fai-seeing eyes have been directed to Canada during the last few days, and have anxiously watched the course of her General Election. It may seem a matter of little consequence to u.s whether the destinies of Canada be directed by Con- servatives or Liberals but we cannot forget that we are a trading nation, our business transactions with the dominion are consider- able, and at the present time her policy is a matter of great moment to this country. Canada has been sorely tried of late. The severe protective tariff imposed by the United States has injured the prospects of many of her colonists, whose hearts were thus opened to the beguilements of the Liberal party. Canada has always been loyal and Con- servative, cherishing a warm love of the mother country, and we have not forgotten how she came to our help in the days of the Crimea, or how her boatmen piloted our troops during their dangerous voyage up the Nile, o She has always been foremost in her expression of regard for the old land. But in the Colony, as near home, a party has lately sprung up ^ho place personal interests far above country. During the recent elections this party quietly whispered the doubt whether the English connection was, after all, so advantageous, whether it might not be better to throw over the old love and seek a suitor nearer home. indulgence in faithlessness of this kind would have tended towards a closer union with the Stats and the closing of a valuable market for our productions. But we have been spared the possibility of such a calamity. Sir "Ohn Macdonald and the Conservatives have agam been returned to power. His majority, fS ^ue> somewhat reduced, owing to the detection of the Constituencies on the border Une who have felt the pinch of American seal policy to a greater extent than those 111 ffi6- re,D°te- Sir John has, however, a Sufficient majority to allay all fears of Secession for some time to come.
CARMARTHEN GAS COMPANY. 8 Companies are, no doubt, formed for the purpose of profit which no one grudges them as long as the rights of the public are reasonably considered. These Companies differ materially trom other businesses or Companies generally in that they constitute monopolies. hilst a tradesman has only himself to consider monopolists are under both moral and egal obligation to have a due regard for the lnterests of the public whose rights and 0 privileges have been to a certain extent, curtailed by their monopoly. As already ex- plaIned in our columns these rights are partly I? Protected by Statutory provisions. As these rIghts cannot always be precisely defined a pertain latitude is granted to these Companies or the exercise of their discretion, and in the Exercise of this discretionary power Companies Sometimes come in comflict with the public. J-he decision of the Gas Company to increase their price from 4S> G(j to 5S per 1,000 cubic feet is the immediate cause of the present dissatisfaction at Carmaithen. The ('1- «mpany justify their action by pointing at ( small dividends of 5 and 4f; per cent, and adding that even these rates they were unable to declare without drawing upon their leserve fund for a third of the amount re- spired for the purpose. Had this been the a°t and were the rates of dividends paid the only criterion by which we could judge of the reasonableness of their charges, the public could have nothing to say. A 5 per cent rate of divilend for a Gas Company is a most easonable one, and that without having ecourse to the reserve fund. But the rates s ^lvidends paid and the amount of the re- erve fund afford but little criterion of fair proper changes. We must consider the undertaking is not overburdened i h capital—exhausted capital. On doing is we find that the Carmarthen Gas ompany is not in the first rank, though also, is uot the worst. Taking the last year for which Government returns have been published (1889), we have it that the Carmar- then Company had a paid-up and spent capital of Y, 17,200. During that year they made 18 million feet of gas and sold 15 million. The Banbury Gas Company with only about LI,000 more capital (. £ 18,250), made 43 and sold 40 million feet. The Banbury Company could thus pay the same rates of dividends as the Carmarthen Company, with only about one-third its profit on every 1,000 feet. The Aberystwyth Gas Company during the same 'year with a capital of only £ 8,000, made 17 million feet and sold 15 in other words, it sold the same quantity of gas as the Carmar- then Company, though it had not quite half the amount of capital invested. A dividend therefore of 7 per cent to the Carmarthen Shareholders was equivalent to more than 15 per cent to the Aberystwyth Company. Let us again consider the annual profits alleged to be made and compare them with those of other Companies similarly situated. Here again we find that Carmarthen does not appear to be justified in pointing to its divi- dends as proof positive that its gas is too cheap at 4s. 6d. Fleetwood Gas Company with a capital of Y,22,083, sold 14 million feet at 3s. I ld. for private consumers, and 3s. 4d. for public lamps, and paid 8 and 7 per cent dividends, whilst Carmarthen sold 15 million it 4s. 6d., and could only pay their 7! and 7 2 per cent, without carrying anything to their reserve fund, though their capital was about Y,5,000 less. As this Company is situated in a colliery district where coals were possibly cheaper (though the wages much higher), we will take another Company amongst the hops in Kent, viz., Broadstairs. This Company, in addition to the usual rates and taxes, had to pay a local duty of Is. 6d. upon each ton of coal used. With 17 million feet of gas sold at 3s. 6d., they were able to pay on a capital of L15,454, dividends of 10, 7 and 5 per cent, and of its capital only X2,000 stood at 5 per cent. When the directors, complacently made their arrangements for the gas consumer to make up what they considered a great defi- ciency in their dividends, they ought to have considered whether or not their undertaking was not too heavily burdened with exhausted capital, to honestly justify them in expecting their full rates of dividends. Had they also at their annual meeting cried less over the smallness of their dividends, and instead had given some assurance that it was not due to matters more within their own province than the consumers, it would not be labour lost. We are, however, still of opinion that these matters cannot be profitably discussed before the public are satisfied, that the application of profits is free from the serious irregularities questioned in our last issue. It is only when this is done that any value, however small, can be attached to the rates of dividends, and the amount of the reserve fund. Neither will the restrictions imposed in the interest of the public on both the divdends and the reserve fund be of the slightest benefit to them until this is strictly observed.
CARMARTHEN. Further local news will be found on the 3rd Page. CARMARTHEN Soup KITCHEN.—Mr D. P. Morgan, auctioneer, begs respectfully to acknow- ledge the following subscriptions :—Mr D. Jones and Sons, King-street, 2a Mr T. Jones, foundry, 2s; Mr Charles Finch, 5s; Mr D. Warren Lewis, 10s 6d. OBITUARY. We deeply regret to record the rather sudden death of Mrs White, wife of the late Mr J. D. White, chemist, which sad occurrence took place last Friday, at her residence, 36, King- street, in her 48th year. The deceased lady was the eldest daughter of the late Mr G. D. White, J.P., and sister of our respected townsman, Mr H. Brunei White, and well known throughout- the town for her kind acts. She was faithful- and diligent worker in the affairs of St. Peter's parish a busy Sunday School teacher; and beloved by all. Acute pneumonia was the cause of death. Deceased was buried on Thursday. MARRIAGE. On Wednesday, our esteemed townsman, Mr E. James, surgeon dentist, was joined in the holy bonds of wedlock, to Miss Margaret Lewis, third daughter of Mr J. Johns, Lammas-street. The interesting ceremony came off at the English Congregational Chapel. The bride, and the four bridesmaids, the Misses Johns (2), and the Misses James (2), wore hand- some gold brooches, the gift of the bridegroom. The happy pair left for the Isle of Wight and the South of England, via London. BURIAL.—The mortal remains of the late Mr D. E. Morris, M.R.C.S., were brought down from Hereford, where deceased was doctor at the Burghill Asylum, and interred amidst evident signs of sorrow in Llanllwch churchyard on Tuesday. Deceased had been 19 years at Here- ford, and was 49 years of age when he died. He was the only surviving son of Mrs Morris, Friar's Cottage. The funeral was private. The order of procession was as follows:—1st carriage, Rev T. R. Walters, M.A., Rev J. Marsden, B.D. (who officiated), Dr. J. Rowlands, and Dr. W. L. Hughes; 2nd carriage, Mr Browning (representing the Asylum, Hereford), Mr D. H. Thomas, Mr J. Lloyd Thomas, and Mr D. Lewis hearse and mourning coach, containing Mrs Morris, Mrs Lewis, and Mr John Phillips.
CARMARTHENSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. QUARTERLY MEETING, A quarterly meeting of the Carmarthenshire County Council was held in the Shire hall, Llandilo, on Wednesday afternoon, the members in attendance being: Mr Alderman W. O. Brigstocke, Parkygorse, chairman Mr Gwilym Evans, Llanelly, vice-chairman. Aldermen-Mr W R Edwards, Carmarthen; Mr T Williams, Llwynhendy; Mr Joseph Joseph, Llangennech; Col. Gwynne Hughes, Glancothy; Mr J Bagnall Evans, Nantyreglwya; Mr D Richards, Amman- ford Mr RScourfield, Llanstephan Mr D James, Bailybedw and Mr Morgan Davies, Cwmivor. CouncIllors-Viscount Emlyn, Golden Grove; Sir James Hills-Johnes, K.C.B., V.C., Dolaucothy; Sir James H. Williams-Drummond, Bart., Edwins- ford; Mr D Randell, M.P., Llanelly; Mr T Jenkins, The F'riary, Carmarthen; Mr W N Jones, Tirydail; Mr C E Morris, Penbryn; Mr T Morris, Coomb Mr J Lloyd Thomas, Tanylan; Mr J Lewis, Meiros Hall, Drefach the Rev R G Lawrence, Middleton Hall; Mr H Jones Thomas, Golden Grove; Mr J Gwynne-Hughes, Tregib: the Rev T Evans, Llandovery; Mr Owen Bonville, Llanelly; Mr T Jenkins, Felinfoel; Mr Joseph Maybery, Llanelly; Mr H Wilkins, Llanelly; Mr D C Parry, Llanelly Mr T Phillips, Llanelly Mr J S Tregoning, Iscoed; Mr Evan Evans, Llanedy Mr Lewis Davies, Gelly the Rev W Thomas, Gwynfe; Mr D Evans, Brithdir; Mi J D Morse, Llandawke; Mr T Evans, Treventy; Mr John Davies, Ffynondafolog; the Rev W Thomas, Whitland; Mr D H Thomas, Derllys Court; Mr D «. i TT!.3__11- t-fc n r n -_u_ stepnens, jvtuweuy; rroxessor ii mi Jones, uurtnur- then; Mr J H Thomas, Llanegwad; Dr. Jones, Llanelly; Dr. Howell Rees, Tyrbach; Mr W S Marsh, Penybedd; and Mr Evans, Llandovery; together with Mr T Jones, clerk, Llandovery; Mr Iiong Price, county treasurer, Talley; and the surveyors, Mr Daniel Phillips, and Mr Bowen Davies. The minutes of the two previous meetings of the two previous meetings were con- ferred. CORRESPONDENCE. A communication was read from the inhabitants of Newcastle Emlyn, asking the council to support their petition to the Great Western Railway Com- pany to have the station called •' Emlyn" and not Newcastle Emlyn.Mr J. Lewis proposed, and Mr W. R. Edwards seconded, that the council support the petition, and it was carried.—Viscount Emlyn intimated that as far as the G. W ,R. Com- pany were concerned, when the time cajae to name the station, the wishes of the locality would be acceded to. The Rural Sanitary Authority of the Carmarthen Union, applied for authority to sink a well by the side of the road near Bankyfelin, in order to supply I that village with water.—Mr T. Evans said it was an urgent matter as at present, there was no supply at the lower part of the village, and it required doing before the summer came on. If it was possible for the council to sanction it, it would save a great deal of officialism.-Mr D. H. Thomas said that one great objection was that there was a burying ground about 10 yards from the place suggested (laughter).— Rev. R. G. Lawrence, as a member of the Sanitary Authority, proposed that the matter be referred to the sub main roads committee, and this was decided upon. I A letter was read from the Manion House Rail- I way Rates Association, asking the Council to J guaranted a sum or .£10 towards carrying out its works. Mr T. Jenkins said that the Carmarthen Town Council voted £ 5 towards it. Mr Gwilyn Evans also said that a resolution had been passed at the Llanelly Chamber of Commerce asking the Council to look into the matter. Mr D. C. Parry gave notice that he would bring it on at next meeting, as no money could be voted without notice being given. The Local Government Board wrote stating that two sutns-X2,070 and £ 3,680—had been paid to the treasurer, Mr D. Long Price, with respect to the local taxation account.—The treasurer intimated that he had received cheques for both amounts. The Council approved of the intention of the Llanelly Local Board to petition Parliament to grant the erection of further waterworks in that town. FiNANCE;. The next business was to receive the report of the finance committee. The report, briefly, was as follows Resolved that the clerk write to Mr Protheroe Lewis to enquire whether he had any bill against the county for acting as coroner during the time the office was vacant, and if so, that the bill be referred to the Council; resolved that Mr D. Rizon Morgan be requested in future to insert d"tes1 in his coroner's bill. The treasurer's account for the quarter ended 31st December, 1890, was gone into, showing payments amounting to X7662 198 Id, and receipts amounting to £ 18881Us 3d, giving, a balance in favour of the Council of j81 1218 4s I'CL- Resolved that it be Recommended to the Council that the following cheques be drawn-EIIOO.for the. main roads (Western Division)., and JElgOO jas thej, main roads (Eastern Division). — Professor Jones said, as a representative of the borough of Carmar- then, he would like to know how they from the borough were to vote on the adoption of the report, for some of the bills were for general purposes, And the Act laid down that no representative of a borough had a right to vote on a question to which his borough did not contribute. The Clerk said that no great notice bad ever been taken of the section referred to, and Professor Jones could re- main neutral if he wished. Professor Jones I should not like to do anything illegal, and the matter would mean a great deal when there is close voting.—It was decided to keep the borough accoun-ts separate in future, in order to meet the difficulty. The Chairman said that I T f 1 No COUNTY RATE Was required to be levied that time as the county Was required to be levied that time as the county was in a splendid financial position. Mr D. Stephens said he wanted the Council to make a recommendation to the Local Government Board not to grant the re-appointment of the medical officer of Kidwelly for three years, but only for one year, as that would check the excessive charges of the medical officer, but be was ruled out of order.—The finance committee's report was then adopted. MAIN ROADS IN THE CARMARTHEN BOROUGH. When the Council were dealing with the report of the main roads oommittee, Mr W. R. Edwards raised the question of main roads in the borough of Carmarthen. The Chairman said the borough were entitled to have main roads. The Act said that the county of the borough within two years may apply to the county council to make some roads main roads, and il refused the county of the borough may within a reasonable time apply to the Local Government Board for the conversion of the roads. Since they last met he had endeavoured to ascertain something with regard to main roads in boroughs and urban districts, and there seemed to be the wildest confusion; the accounts in all places differed very much. Main roads were either disturnpiked roads or roadd which had been declared main roads by the council. Having conferred with several chairmen of county councils and eminent authorities, it appeared to him the better way was not to adopt any main roads with urban districts, but to contribute a fair and equitable amount for the maintenance of those roads. He moved that no highway within an urban district, including Carmarthen, be constituted a main road, and that the council, under section 10, sub-sec. 11, contribute a reasonable sum towards the highways as reconir mended by the county surveyor in the boroughs of Carmarthen, Llandilo, Llanelly, Llandovery, and Kidwelly. Mr J. Maybery: Would it not be better to refer it to a sub-committee to report to the council as it is a very complicated question.— Mr W. R. Edwards said it was a good suggestion to refer it to a committee, but that committee should know under what section they would have to consider the question. A quarter sessions borough of over 10,000 inhabitants should, be^ dealt with under section 35, and that section showed as plainly what their duty was towards Carmarthen, as that the Towy flowed into the sea. They as .a borough wanted the Council to refuse or confirm the taking over of the roads recommended by them. and if refused, they (the borough) bad power to appeal to the Local Government Board, and it would The the board's duty to send down an official to Carmarthen to make enquiries. If their applica- tion was right, they would deal with it. Urbap authorities were in an altogether different category. Mr Gwilyn Evans said that Carmarthen bad a good case and they could afford to waita little time. The matter would be treated fairly with a sub com- mittee.-Mr T. Jenkins said he must protest against the matter being shelved. It had been th-aehed out more than once, and it was for them to accept or reject their roads.—Mr Tregoning said that so far as he could understand of what was advocated by the mayor of Carmarthen and Mr Edwards, they had to confirm or reject the minutes of the roads committee as regards Carmarthen. He moved that the minutes be not confirmed in order that a sub- committee be appointed to go into the mattei as suggested.—Mr T. Jenkins moved, and Mr D. It. Thomas seconded as an amendment, that the minutes-be confirmed.—The amendment was lost.— It was then resolved "that the proposal to deal with certain specified highways which were declared main roads in the urban districts of Llandilo, Llan- dovery, Llanelly, Carmarthen, and Kidwelly, be referred to a sub-committee, and that a special meeting of the Council be held to receive a report thereon." The committee was appointed, consist ing of one member from each borough, the chair- man and vice-chairman, and five members from the agricultural districts. NEW ALDERMEN. The next business was to elect two aldermen in the place of Mr W de Grouchy Warren,resigned; and Mr J. Lewis Philipps, deceased.—A long wrangle took place as to the mode of voting. The clerk stated: that no aldermen could vote, and that the Act plainly said that the voting should be by each mem- I ber writing the name of his candidate on a ulip of paper which was to be delivered personally to the chairman.—This mode was ultimately adopted.— Rev. R. G. Lawrence said that as the vacaneies Iud: occurred in the Carmarthen district, the vacancies: should be filled by gentlemen from that district.? The result of the voting was that Mr David EVaJlS, Llanelly, and Mr C. E. Morris were elected, the: former with 24 votes, and the latter with 23 votes. These two gentlemen were declared duly elected. VACANCIES. Professor Jones was appointed on the finance committee, Mr W. R. Edwards on the asylum committee, and Mr T. Jenkins on the standing orders committee, instead of the late Mr J. L. Philipps. Alderman David Evans, and Mr W. N. Jones were each proposed to fill a vacancy in the standing joint committee, owing to the death of Mr T. Powell. The latter gentleman reiusea and proposed Mr Morgan Davies. Oti.a vote being taken, 24 showed in favour of Alderman David Evans, and 11 for Mr Morgan Davies.-The former gentleman was declared elected. POLICE CONTROL, ETC. Dr. Howell Recs asked what had been done with regard to a resolution passed at the council meeting at Llanelly on police control. The resolution gave instructions that a petition be sent to Parliament on that matter.—The Clerk said he really remembered nothing about the petition, and he was never instructed to draw one out, but he would be moat pleased to do so if requested.—Dr Rees moved that instructions be given to the clerk to draw out a petition, and it was carried. LLANDILO HIGHWAY BOARD Mr W. N. Jones moved that the offer reoeived from the Llandilo Highway District Board con- tributing iMOO towards the Ammanford Bridge be accepted.-Viscount Emlyn asked whether it was not a fact that at present the Highway Board were liable to maintain a ford through the river over which bridge was wanted to be built. If he was rightly infoeuied, the Highway Board were not offering them sixpence, but were relieving them- selves of a burden, by making away with the ford. —A long discussion ensued during which it was argued that if the council accepted the money they would be compelled to build the bridge.—The motion was lost by a large majority. INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION; Dr. Howell Rees proposed That this Council is of opinion that the provisions of the Intermediate Education Act (Wales) will be more effectually carried out in this County (excepting the towns of Carmarthen and Llanelly) by the establish- ment of a number of small Intermediate Schools rather than a few large ones. Mr Rees said he had read in the daily papers that only three schools were proposed to be established in the county.-Rev. William Thomas said that was incorrect.—Viscount Emlyn and Mr Gwilym Evans, two other members of the education com- mittee, said they should not assume anything until they had brought their scheme to light.—It been said that the committee would take into considera- tion all the suggestions made, it was decided to let the matter drop. ALLOTMENTS. It was decided on the motion of Councillor Howell Rees that a petition be presented to Parliament, praying that the Allotments Act, 1887, may be so amended as to transfer the powers of sanitary authorities, under that Act to the County Councils or District Councils, when formed. LLANDILOFAWR HIGHWAY BeARD. A motion by Alderman Morgan that the request of the above board be granted, viz: that the account! of the teveral parishes, comprising the said board be kept separate as heretofore, was lost by a majority of one. » TROTTING MATCHES. J MR John DavieB had a notice on the agenda That I trotting matches shall not be allowed to take place on the main roads of the county."—The Clerk said that anyone could stop trotting matches on the roads. They could summon the men for obstructing tha ioad^and fat furious driving, .but they could.not tJ.8ê:f » bye-jaw, stating that no one, could trot on itfce highway.- ^TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION. r. Mr J.-S. Tregoning. movfcd, That with a view to facilitate this provision of Technical instruction throughout the county a rate of one halfpenny in the £ be levied annually under the Technical •Instruction Act, 1889, commencing with this year, and that the committee appointed by the Council to prepare a scheme under that Act, he informed that they may base such scheme on the assumption that the halfpenny rate will be available for the pur- pose."—Mr Tregoning said they would remember that the two Acts of Parliament, the Intermediate Education and Techical Instruction Acts were very fully discussed when the joint education committee was formed. The five gentlemen constituting the Qomcritteehad to prepare two schemes, qui tedifferent iu character, one scheme-to-provide schools under the Joint Education Act for boys who could afford, and who were nvpnnrpH tn rrrA«n 'T-F- e-r eiucationtban that in the elementary schools, and another scheme under the Technical Instructions Act for training the hand, the eye and so on. Both schemes were worthy of the whole support they could give them (hear, hear), both required a great deal of money, and the committee wanted their assistance and advice as to how the money at the committee's disposal could be most usefully employed. Most of them were employers of labour and many of them would be sorry to see the Technical Instruction Act falling through. He asked them to grant a d rate in order to have money to give the Act a fair trial. The chairman of the Flint- shire council had said that they had about 700 people in that county, from six to 60 years old, getting instruction from the money taken by them from the local taxation grant. At an influential .meeting lately held at Llanelly, a resolution was pg-asfid, ".That having regard to the great importance of technical and agricultural instruction in this county, the aldermen and councillors are hereby humbly requested to support the proposal to levy a id rate in support of the Act." He did not ask them to levy it for the benefit of Llanelly, but for the benefit of the rural districts, and he wanted the whole country to take advantage of it (hear, hear). As a man interested in agriculture and manufacturing, he felt that the time bad come when they must be up and doing if their cc mmerce was to prosper. Abroad they had skilled labour of a very high class that was backed up with high tariffs. Let them do their best to compete with their foreign friends. He moved that a halfpenny rate be made, commencing with this year, and that the committee be informed that they may base their scheme on the assumption that the rate would be forthcoming. Mr D. Randell, M.P., seconded. The Rev Wm. Thomas (one of the committee}, said it was evident they could not administer the Act without money, and 'the money so utilised would be for the general pecuniary benefit of the country. If they, as a council refused, but he did not believe they would, the responsibility would rest on their shoulders, and they would have to bear the consequences which would inevitably fall on them in the future. Professor Jones wanted to kilow how the com- mittee thought of spending the money. <; JlpGwilym Evans (chairman of the committee), |ai^T" tbey had "been gooQ enough to grant them a halfpenny rate under the Intermediate Education Act without having had any proposal from them to how. it would be spent, and they now asked them to. grant another id rate under the Technical Instructions Act. If they disagreed with the scheme the committee would bring in, they could throw it out. The motion was unanimously carried amidst applause. A, halfpenny rate has therefore been made. PROMOTION IN THE POLICE FORCE. Mr Thomas Phillips, Llanelly, had caused the following notice to be put on the agenda paper :— That he will call, attention to the promotion of P.C. John Vaughan Phillips, and move a resolution calliuar upon the joint standing committee to carry out the resolution before passed in reference to promotion in the police force. Mr Phillips rose to speak to it, when the Rev. R. G. I Lawrence asked, Is this in order, Mr Chairman ?" The Chairman—I think so. Mr Phillips—I will move it as a recommendation if I cannot move it as a resolu- tion. A resolution was passed by the joint standing committee recommendirg that when promoting police officer^ the Chief constable should bring the recommen- dations before that committee. Chief Constable Phillips has, however, ignored that recommendation in connection with the appointment that has recently been made. You know that he has done something similar to what we have done. No doubt it is a family mistake (laughter). The Chairman—I hardly think you ought to attribute motives. Mr Phillips—At any rate, my contention is this -thaf Chief Constable Phillips overstepped his duty as far as this council is concerned. I know very well that he is privilege;], but you also know that privileges arc dying out fast (hear,;hear, and applause). 1 am not goin^ to say a word against the person who has been appointed, but he is a very young man who is put above men of 30 or 40 years of age, or even older than that, men who arc quite equal if not better as far as experience goes (hear, hear, and applause). Under these circumstances I say it is wrong that this appointment should have been made. 1 submit that Chief Constable Phillips has not done the right thing in appoillting his son after being warned by this council and under the circumstances I move -that tho-, appointment be cancelled. The Chairman- We have no power whatever to do that. In fact, that is not the resolution you have on the agenda paper.— Mr Philli] >s Very well, I move the words on the agenda.—Mr Daniel Stevens, Kidwelly, seconded.— Visconht Kmlyn I do not know what the resolution refers to. i iie v^iiairman 1 am ratner in ignorance of what it means. -The -Vide-Chairiiian I will explain to you what occurred at the joint standing committee's meeting over which you, my lord, was chairman,— "Viscount Emlyn I know what took place; but I want 'to know what this resolution wants the council to carry out.—The Rev W. Thomas: ''That it be a recommendation to the chief constable that no appoint- ment of inspector or superintendent be made without submitting the names to the joint standing committee." That resolution has been carried.—The Vice-Chair- man We of the county council know very well that that that resolution will have its due effect because it will carry with it the voice of the inhabitants of this county (applause). I hope if Mr Phillips' resolution is passed by an almost unanimous vote that due weight will be given to that recommendation at the joint com- mittee s meeting, and tuat tnis committee on tnat oc- casion will not represent themselves, but the in- habitants of this county (hear, hear, and applause).— Mr Randell, M.P., thought that Chief Constable Phillips' conduct was ill-advised and indiscreet.— Viscount Emlyn said the Chief Constable had not had an opportunity yet of mentioning the ap- pointment to the committee, and yet the council condemned him before his explanation had been made. His lordship hoped the matter would have a judicial inquiry with the committee (hear, hear, and applause). The passing of such a reso- lution as the above was not, in his opinion, evincing a judicial spirit. He appealed to Mr Randell to wait until the explanation had been given by the Chief Constable before any action in the matter was taken. Sir James Hills Johnes, V.C., thought it would be a mistake to take action just yet.—Mr Randell said his remarks had been based on the assumption that the Chief Constable had ap- pointed his son, because the appointment had already been gazetted. He (the speaker) still adhered to the statements he had made (hear, boar).-The Rev. W. Thomas thought they ought to express their opinion candidly. He ha been told that this gentleman, Mr Vaugha, Philipps, had been promoted an inspector, aiv. yet there was no such office connected with th force. How, then, could he take pay for th post ? He (the speaker) learned too that th, appointment was made in 12 days after the com- mittee's recommendation, and he took it that the ignoring of the recommendation was a regular slap in the face (lauohter)-not-oiily for the committee, but for the representatives of the county council. I Mr Tregoning was sorry the cniet constable had acted as he had done. It was thought the resolu- tion of the committee would have been accepted in a friendly way (hear, hear). However, a proper enquiry would be made, and in the circumstances would it not be well to defer any further action ? —The Chairman: Will you withdraw your motion, Mr Phillips, for the present 1Mr T. Phillips did not feel inclined to do that. He did not see what further explanation could be given by the chief constable. — Mr C. E. Morris Opinion is simply being expressed upon undoubted facts. —Dr J. A. Jones and Mr Maybery would like to hear the chief's explanation first. -Ultimately it was carried without a dissentient, "That we call upon the Joint Standing Committee to recommend to the chief constable the desirability of reconsider- ing the recent appointment of his sou." The council then rose.
KIDWELLY. LETTING OF LAND. -On Wednesday last, Mr W. D. James, let by auction all that Farm called Shintor." the DroPertv of the Gwendraeth Co., and got a good rental for the same. A SLIGHT MISTAKE. The gentleman and lady we alluded to in our report, under this heading last week, were Captain Fisher, The Champion Club Performer, Tyrgran Villas, Llanelly, and Miss Williams, Penyback, Ferryside. SPECIAL SERVICES. On Sunday last, Mission services were held at the English Wesleyan Chapel .here, and Mr R. Jones, of Carmarthen, delivered sermons. On Wednesday evening, there was a public meeting at the same place, and for the same object. Addresses being delivered by the Rev. J. A. Addlington, Mr S. Bevan and others. OBITUARY.—It is our painful duty this week to record the deaths of the following here, viz :— Lizzie Ann. daughter of Mr Thomas Rogers, Lady-street, aged ten years, of typhoid fever. This little girl took an active part in the play, "Dick Whittington." exactly a month to the night of her death. Mias Mary Morgan, also of Lady-Stretet, died on Friday morning last, at the age of 7$years, after a very long and painful ill- ness. Miss Morgan was for many years, house- keeper to the late Mr Kieliarcl, Maiyoant, at Kidwelly. On Tuesday morning, also departed this life, Mr Thomas Davies, Alstred-street, Mr Davies was a faithful member, and the senior deacon at Capel Sul.
LAUGH ARNE. THE Osppriy. -M-r E. W. H. Peel's new yacht, the: Osprey, came in on Saturday last, the event being signalised by several salutes of guns. She is of cutter rig, and was built by Messrs. Reed, of Brixham. The Osprey is 23 tons register, sails very swiftly, and is a model yacht in every way. CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATION. -Miss David, The Pynes, Laugharne, appears in the list of successful candidates just published. THE PAVEMENTS. — The hon. treasurer of the pavement fund has now, completed the improve- ment of the pavement from Moire House to the Mariner's Corner, and from the Mariner's Corner to the top of Victoria-street. There remains in the hon. treasurer's hand <61 4s. 6!d.
LLANSTEPHAN. PLOUGHING MATCH. Owing to the recent severe weather and heavy fall of snow this ploughing match has been postponed to Wednea- day next (March 18th). SACRED CONCERT. A sacred concert was given at the National Schoolroom, on Tuesday evening last. The object was the augmentation of the building fund of Moriah Chapel. In the unavoidable absence of Mr J. Richards, of Pantyrathro, the chair was occupied by Alderman Scourfield, and the room was crowded. Amongst the artistes engaged were Miss Stephens, Llechryd; Miss Lewis, Llangadock; Miss Phillips, Emlyn and Miss Davies, Treherbert; Messrs Phillips, White Mill W. Williams, Jonah Williams, Abergwilly and W. Glajimor, Williams, Llanstephan. The accompanists were Vtiss V. Richards, and Mr S. Palmer. Owing to our very limited space we regret we cannot publish the programme.
ABERYSTWYTH. FUNERAL OF MRS JONES, TALBOT HOTEL. — Mrs Mary Jones, of the Talbot; Hotel, widow of the late Mr J. R. Jones, died on Friday last at the age of 75. The funeral took place on Tues- day, when there was a very large and influential Attendance. The services were performed by the Rev T. A. Penry, and the interment took place in the Cemetery family vault. THE Calvinistic Methodist South Wales Quarterly Association is being held here during this week, and s)me of the most eminent ministers of the connection are present. On Wednesday committees to arrange matters in relation to the Church were held in different Chapels. On Thursday services and sermons were held at the two Welsh Chapels, Tabernacle and Shiloh. Amongst the ministers who took part in the services were Dr. Saunders, Rev W. Prytherch, Rev W. Jones, Aberdare, D. Hugh Jones. Liverpool, and Rev W. Wheldon. At the English Presbyterian Church on Tuesday evening, the Rev J. Foulkes, Llanelly, preached a most eloquent sermon to a crowded con- gregation; and on Wednesday, the Rev D. C. Davies, D.D., preached at the same Church. All the services were crowded.
PUMPSAINT. FIXNEKAL. — At the Calvinistic Methodist Burial Ground, Pumpsaint, on the 4th inst., Mr Benjamin Jones, who, for upwards of 40 years had been employed as a gardener at Dolaucothy, was buried. Sir James Hills-Johues, and Lady Hills-Johnes (Dolaucothy). joined the large and .respectable concourse present at the interment. Nothing was left undone by the benevolent family of Dolaucothy to truly honour and regard the memory of their old Ftaunch and valued servant upon whom they looked as a friend. Chaste and costly wreaths covered the coffin bearing the following touching word", Mewn cof anwyl a pharchns, oddiwrth Mrs Johnes," "Lieut. Gen. Sir James Hills-Johnes ar Arglwydes Hills-Johnes. Hen Gyfeillion," From Mrs Lloyd and Miss Lloyd, Brunant, with kind sympathy," &c. For many years he filled the office of deacon at the Cal inistic Methodist Chapel, Pumpsaint, with an exemplary christian spirit, and the denomination together with the locality have lost in him a pure, just, and noble character. The sorrowing widow with the deceased's son and daughter, Mr John Jones, carpenter, Glanbrydan Park, and Mrs Rees Thomas, Cambrian Place, Llandilo, have the unqualified sympathy of a large and widespread circle of friends and acquaintances in their sad bereavement. The Revs W. Bowen, Llansadwrn, and T. Phillips (Cayo), officiated in an impressive I manner.
VOLUNTEERING.—The proposed re-establishment of n volunteer battalion in Carmarthenshire is being promoted with considerable interest, and publtc meetings will shortly be held in various parts of the county to take the names of those desirous of joining. j Epl'õ's COCOA.—GRATEFUL AND COMFORTING.— By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws which govern the operations of digestion and nutrition, and by a careful application of the fine properties of well-selected COCOA, Mr Epps has provided our breakfast tables with a delicately flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills. It is by the judicious use of such articles of diet that a constitution may be gradually built up until strong enough to resist many tendencies to disease. Hundreds of subtle maladies are floating aroand us ready to attack wherever there is a weak point. We may escape many a fatal shaft by keeping ourselves well fortified with pure blood and a properly nourished frame."— Civil Service Gazette.—Made simply of boiling water or milk. Sold only in packets, by Grocers, labelled JAMBS EPPS & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London."—Also makers of Epps's Afternoon I Chocolate Essence.
RURAL NURSING ASSOCIATION. To the Editor of THE JOURNAL. IR,- Seeing in the JOURNAL of February 27tb, that t is proposed to start a nurse for the district about St. lears, I think it may be of interest to those con- "■rned in the movement, and also perhaps to others of vour readers, to hear of another district in Pembroke- shire, where a trained and certificated midwife and district nurse has been at work for the last eleven years, and is, I hope, firmly established, and much valued by the people. Warren district started its first nurse in December, 1879. and has had one ever since except for two short intervals. There have been several nurses during tnat time, ana tney nave UlU"U not only in cottages, but also in the farm houses, vicarages, and country houses of the neighbourhood, and have proved an incalculable benefit on many occa- sions. Our district is a large one, extending about 10 miles in length, and about 5 miles in width, and our nurse often attends people outside this, her proper district. Our population is agricultural and scattered. There are no large villages, only farm houses and cottages at some distance apart, and this circumstance adds both to our expenses and our difficulties as it was found quite impossible for any woman to walk to all her patients, and equally impossible to rely on getting a lift, and we had, therefore, to provide a pony and liitle cart. I will speak of the expense direetly. 1 he difficulty is that many an otherwise suitable nurse will not, or cannot, undertake to drive a pony, however quiet, but of course, when we have found the nurse who is suitable, and able to drive tne pony. it makes her very independent and able to get about, to the mcwt distant and outlying cottage whenever she is summoned. The question of expense being always necessarily the first to be considered, I think I cannot better help those who are starting a district nurse than to give our expenses, scale of payments, and sources of income. For the first eighteen months the nurse was in furnished lodgings, but after that, we were given a 5 roomed mechanic's cottage, garden, ann pony stahie. 1 1 -11 _1 and cait shed, for a nominal rent, tne mu oiugi,mH the cottage as his contribution to the nurse tuna. c furnished it. partly from the proceeds of a bazaar, but chiefly from gifts of fur aiture. We pay our nurse 15s a week, and give her £ 1 a quarter for c al, this comes to £ 43. Though the pony has hay and straw given whenever it is wanted, there are oats and br.iii, or a grass run required. Shoes and a boy to attend to t and clean it and the stables and cart, 2s Hd a week for attendance, and about Is lid to 2s besides, about C12 a year. Rates 10s vearly, rent 2s 6d. Repairs, paintings, etc., 1:3 at least, so that we may put our expenses thus —Nurses salary and coal £ 43 expenses of p 'ny. about B12 boy to attend ponv and cart, at 2s lid a week, £6 10s rates Ids repairs, painting, etc 4-3 totil, £(i;), I do not think I can reckon it at less tlia-i ;e"iO, as v* e have had some years, more painting to do or more repairs to house or cart, or a veterinary surgeon s hilt to pay, or a new pony to buy. We allow our nnr^e to take all fees which are regulated forher at a very low rate, and she has to account for tli,iii every week when she brings her book to the superin- tendent, reports her cases, and receives her pay. The fees vary, and have arranged 5s. ( s and <s a week, different years, but I think it is oftener 5s a week and not more. To meet the expenses we have a few collections in the Churches in the district, a few small subscriptions, and one large one of 10s a week given by a lady who first started^ the nurse in this district, and the rest ot tne requires sum uccn made up by entertainments and concerts given for the nursing fund, and bazaars, of which we have had five in twelve years, and have realized sums varying from k52 to £ 120^ The rules for our nurse are very few and simple. Once a week she brings her book-her diary of work done, visits paid, and feus received ti the superintendent, and receives her week's pay. I would strongly urge upon any ladies who are thinking of starting a district nurse the importance of one person only giving the nurse orders and directions. I have heard of so many difficulties and troubles where a committee direct the nurses' work. If a committee is to exist, let it meet once a month or once a quarter, but do not let it interfere with the nurse s daily work. The Rural Nursing Association has this rule, "That ,u the nurse is to take her orders from the superintendent or doctor only and I think it a very needful one to enforce. I'eyond these practical details I do not feel that I need add anything to what Mrs Pugh Evans and Miss Bowen have already said in your paper, but I do very strongly endorse all they said. As President of the Woman's League in the Diocese of St. David's, I feel that the work of providing trained sick nurses and certificated mid-wives for our fellow women is a very important one and as manager of the Warren Nursing District, I feel sure that a trained nurse is a blessing to the people of all classes in her district, but I would earnestly beg all those who propose to have a nurse to be very sure that whoever they engage is a properly certificated midwife and thoroughly trained sick nurse. It is hoped that during this or next session au Act for the Registration of Midwives will be passed by Parliament, making it penal for any but those properly certificated to practise. Many valuable mothers' lives have been sacrificed by the ignorance of their attendants in the hour of child-birth, or, if their lives have been spared, too often life-long injury has been done to their health, and these things ought not to be, and can be avoided. Hoping you will find space for this letter, I am, Sir, Yours obliged, VICTORIA A. LAI*BTON, Brownslade. Pembroke, March 10th, 1891.
RURAL NURSING ASSOCIATION.—We understand that Lady Victoria Lambton has kindly consented to address a meeting of ladies to be held at Llan- boidy at 3 o'clock to-day (Friday) on the subject of the proposed District Nurse for St. Cle-irs. Lady Victoria's experience as Vice-Presideut of the Association, and as superintendent for 11 years of the Nurse for the Warren district, makes her a most valuable authority on this important subject.
HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. CARMARTHENSHIRE FOXHOUNDS will meet on Tuesday, March 17th, at Maenllwydd, near Mydrim: and on Friday, March 20th, at Green Castle each day at 10.30. a.m. THE BRONWVDD BEAGLES will meet on Wed- nesday, March 18th, at Talgarreg at 11 o'clock. THE TIVYSIDE FOXHOUNDS will meet on Monday, March 16th, at Velindre, Penboyer; and on Friday, March 20th, at Carregwen, near Lechryd each day at 11 o'clock a.m. MIL. LLOYD PRICE'S HARRIERS will meet on Monday, March 16th, at the Edwinsford Arms, Talley and Oil Thursday, March 19th, at Bwlclicefnsarth Toll House each day at 11 a.m. THE Neuaddfawr Foxhounds will meet on Monday, March 16th, at Temple Bar and on Thursday, March 19th, at Attyrodyn each day at 10.30. a. m.
BIRTHS, BOOTH.—January 17th, at 2, Greenville-street, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, the wife of Mr Mark Isaac Booth (and second daughter of Mr John Jones, fruit and potatoe stores, Dark gate, Car- marthen), of a daughter. GRIFFITHS.—March 9th, at the Railway Tavern, Lammas-street, in this town, the wife of David Griffiths, of a daughter. MORGAN.—February 28th, at 2, Blue-street, Carmarthen, the wife of Mr S. W. Morgan, of a daughter. OWENS.—February 26th, at Tabernacle Terrace, Carmarthen, the wife of Mr David Owens, butcher, of a son. n MARRIAGES. DAVIES LEWIS. March 8th, at Llanybri Church, Mr Thomas Davies, relieving officer, St. Clears, fo Miss Mary Lewis, Heoldown, Llanybri, daughter of the late Mr Benjamin Lewis, Heoldown. JAMES.—JOHNS.—March 11th, at the English Congregational Church, Carmarthen, by the Rev. D. J. Thomas (pastor), assisted by the Rev. H. S. Barton, English Wesleyan minister, Mr E. James, surgeon dentist, to Margaret Lewis (Meta), third daughter of Mr Johns, merchant, both of this town. ISAAC -DAVIES. --March 6th, at Talley Church, by the Rev. J. H. Lloyd, M.A., vicar, John, son of Mr William Isaac, of Llanstephan, to Eleanor, the daughter of Mr John Davies, of Bankcefn'rhos, Talley. DEATHS. DAVIEs.-March 6th (suddenly), MrJohn Davies, Rock-street Aberayron. DANIEL.—March 7th, at Cwmoernant. Carmar- then, after a few days' illness, Mr William Daniel, carpenter, aged 39 years. DAVIEs.-March 7th, at Plasywenallt, Llanwrda, Annie, third daughter of Mr John Davies, coal, lime, &c., merchant, Llanwrda, aged 4 years. EVA.NS.-Niarch 5th, at Shaws-lane, Carmarthen, Mary, the wife of Mr David Evans, mason, aged 39 years. JENKINS.— March 8th, at St Catherine-street, Carmarthen, Mrs Margaret Jenkins, aged 66 years. I Gl'.IFFITif' March oth, at Tancoed, Llanwrda, Mr Joseph Griffiths, aged 72 years. HUIUIES.—March 8tli, at 171, St. Helen's Avenue. Swansea, Capt. Thomas Hughes, (formerly of Carmarthen), aged 73 years, I Deeply regretted. WI-LITF,. March 6th, at 36, King-street, Car- marthen, Lucy Thompson, widow of the late Mr J D. White, Chemist, of Guildhall-square, i in this town, of acute pneumonia, aged 4& ) years.
just for the good of their health, while the next heir enjoys the property. There is a singular resemblance in the plot, for do we not hear our Liberationist friends eagerly dis- cussing by how much the rates will be lowered, when the Church property has been confiscated to secular purposes. They do not wish to pocket it, oh no nor do they wish it divided amongst the several denominations and devoted in that way to religion, for the advancement of which it was originally given, -1 0 on dear no, "we do not want to touch it; let it be given to National purposes J" and then, aside, So our rates will be lowered, the establishment will be crippled, and our little Bethels and Shilohs will be aggrandized." In the envious desire for the humiliation of a powerful rival, there is no room for thought as to the enormous work that rival has done; spiritual work, educational work, charitable work, are not worthy of consideration; what matter so long as we can drag her from her proud and ancient eminence, and reduce her to the level of our Jumpers and Shakers and all the other inventions of a modern age. 0 This is the era of freedom, we are at liberty to form our opinions by the view of the world obtained from our door step, and too many avail themselves of it. How many of the motley throng who now clamour for Dis- establishment and Disendowment approach the subject in the spirit of Dr. Parker, as a solemn work," requiring our most anxious religious solicitude,"—solicitude for the welfare of Christianity of which the Church during centuries was the sole exponent. Possibly a day may come when the Church may be dis- established or even disendowed without danger to Christianity, or without the in- fliction of grave wrong to persons other than of her community, but the day is not yet. We are told that the Church is the Church of nif "CL' HaPPily ifc is so> but ifc is also the ^hurch of the poor, of the very poor, even though they owe no allegiance to her. To their spiritual welfare she ministers, and to their material wants, thanks to her rich thrailST' MI<S 18 "J6 t0 "?ply immense Hums Sftv lned,um of organised charity. other sect or combination of sects is prepared to take her place] This question must have been uppermost in the minds of Mr Spurgeon and Dr. Parker when they de- nounced the Liberation Society. Both these gentlemen have laboured hard to reach the poor and to mitigate their misery, none know better than they do the difficulties to be over- come in obeying the mandate of our Lord they are well aware that the schemes of the wildest Liberationist would in no way injure the Church or her richer members, it would merely cripple her power of work amongst the destitute who alone would suffet--lience Dr. £ arker's denunciation ot the Liberationist ►society as unchristian.