MISCELLANEOUS. ANIMALS LIKE TOBACCO. The plebiscite on the question For or Against Tobacco has been exhausted so far as humans are concerned. It remained to submit it, to the other animals. To the animal painter Professor Paul Meyerheim the credit is due for this new departures. The results of his inquiries, made at the Zoological Gardens in Berlin, are as follows The common brown beirs," says he, "are genuine enthusiasts for tobacco. When I puff my cigar-smoke into their cage they rush to the front, rubbing their noses and backs against the bars, through which the smoke has penetrated. Their delight is evident, and it is amusing to watch their antics. He once puffed a volume of cigar-smoke into the nostrils of a sleeping lion. The beast at once awoke, stood upon his legs, sneezed powerfully, then quietly lay himself down on his side and elevated his nose, as if asking for a second dose. All the goats, stags, llamas, &c., devour both tobacco and cigars with remarkable satisfaction. "I made a personal friend of the exceedingly malicious guanaco (wild 11am) he says, "simply by feeding him again and again with parcels of tobacco." A WONDERFUL CLOCK. Felix Meier, a Bavarian mechanic at Detroit, has built a clock which is said to rival the famous Strassburg timepiece. In carved niches at each s-ide of the dial stands a baby, a youth, a middle-aged man, and a skeleton figure of Death. The baby strikes the quarter-hour on a tinkling bell, the boy half-hour on a clear-toned bell, the strong nun the three- quarter hour upon a full-toued ben with a hammer, while the grey beard strikes a weaker bell, and then Death tolls the full hour. When the knell of the hour is gone, a lively national air strikes up, and all the Presidents, down to Mr Hayes, emerge from a door guarded by a coloured servant, and file before Washington, who sits under a canopy surmounted by thirty- seven stars at the t,)p of the case. As the Presi- dents draw up in front of Washington, he rise, and waves a copy of the Declaration of Independence. The Presidents salute him, and pass across a platform, and out of a door opened for them by another coloured servant. A CLOSE TIME FOR ALLIGATORS. A di-patch from Plaguemines, a parish of Louisiana, states that the local authorities of that place have decided to impose a fine of 25 dollars and imprisonment upon any person caught killing alligator?. 1 he reason for this step is that the alligators a'e determined enemies of musk rats, which, since the slaughter of alligators by hide hunters, have rapidly increased in numbers, and have caused serious damage to the cr,'p', A PATHETIC TALE.—A MOTHER DISINTERS HER CHILD. Helene Mueller, the wife of a master painter in Moedling, near Vienna, lost her only child, .a little two-year-old boy, last February, after he had been ill of diphtheria only one day. The sudden death of the child must have prevented the mother from ever quite realizing that he was aeally lost to her. She paid daily visits to his grave and sat in the churchyard talking to him for hours. About a week ago the sexton of the little graveyard saw the child's grave was open, and on going to it he discovered that the coffin had been opened and the child's remains were missing. It was found that tho poor mother had one night opened the grave with her hands, had taken the child's body, had packed ic up in a shawl, and taken it home. Here she kept it in a trunk, and when her husband slept took it to bed with her to give it warmth. AN ARTIST WITHOUT HANDS. A remarkable student has been entered at the National Training School, South Kensington. Frederick J. B. Heler is his name. He comes from Bristol. Some yea: s ago he lost both hands by an accident, but lie had an innate love of art, and, undaunted by his terrible calamity, set himself to overcome the apparently insuperable difficulties thus place 1 in his way. Trained in the Merchant Venturers' School at Bristol, he can now draw and paint with wonderful facility —holding the pencil and brush in his month! His progresi heretofore promises a very fairly c, successful future. He enters as a National scholar, and receives a weekly allowance of 253. THE INVENTION OF THE PIN. The modern solidhead pins were first made in 1824, in England, by an American named Lemuel Wright, who soldered the heads on to the shanks After him, in 1832, came Dr. John Howe, another American, who invented the first successful machine for manufacturing solid-head pins. In Howe's machine the head was made out of the top of the shank, as it is at present, and both portions were completed by a single process IS GREY HAIR BECOMING FASHION- ABLE'? Having been informed that grey hair is coming into fashion, I took the opportunity of a re- presentative gathering of society folk the other day to glance at the coiffure of ladies. The merest glance round the assem b'age was sufficient to show that the fashion of grey hair is a grisly fact. A charming lady near me, who did not look a day older than thirty, was quite grey, and with- in conversational distance there was at least half- a-dozen ladies with a more or less pronounced turn of grey in the:r hiir. I take it that this fashion is a revolt against the all but universal system of dyeing the hair to a fashionable colour. I shall not be surprised if young ladies who do not number grey locks among their charms are by-and-by found to be resorting to hair powder, in order that they, too, may be numbered with the Grey Sistuis. PROUD OF BEING AN OLD MAID. The death is recorded of a maiden lady who tojk particular pains to let it be known that she was not annoyed by the term o'd maid." She rather glorified in it. Often in conversation regarding the benefits and evils of matrimony, she was heard to say— "It is risky at all events. I am free and comfortable, and intend to remain so." As she was comely, she had admirers who had offered to her their hands, hearts, and fortunes, so she remained an old maid from inclination and not, as some malicious women were beard to tay, because she couldn't help herself." She was true to her principles to the la it. When on her bed during her last sickness, she sent for a dealer in marble, and gave him directions regarding the tombstone to be placed over her gi-ave Her orders were implicit, and after her death they were carried out conscientious- ly awl the tombstone that now marks the last resting-p'aee of the old maid contains after the name, date of birth and death, the following terse but most emphatic inscription—"Unmarried and free 1" WOMEN'S WRONGS. A lady entered an already overcrowded tram- car. Looking round upon the unimpressionable males, who seemed rooted to their seats, she inquired if nobody would make room for a lady "Are you for woman's rights, ma'am?" asked a gentleman. "Cjrtainly I am was the reply. Well, tti,n I think yo,-i'd better stand up for them like a man, remarked the gentleman. HOW TO UTILISE WASTE PAPER. Soak any wasts paper in plenty of water till it is soft and pulpy. Then squeeze it into balls, and when a few are put on the tire with a piece of coal they keep for a considerable time, and give out a considerable heat. HIS OLD RIVAL. Wiffy-" Ilave you still unkind thoughts of that old rival of yours? Hubby—" Yes I hate him because you jilted him." IS HYPNOTISM A HOAX? Shortly before midnight last week the Mii tersingers gathered at their club in order to assist at a demonstration, or seance, at which Dr Vores, who has given the last year or two entirely to the study of the occult science of hypnotism, tried to convince them that hypnotism, so far from being a science pour rire, is indeed a wonderful power. Dr. Vores is a spectacled gentleman who looks older than he is. He is the son of a well-known Norfolk medical man, and he himself took his M.D. degree in 1879. I hear, Dr Vores," I began, that you mean to become the knight-errant of hypnotism in London, where the science, or whatever else it may be, is being made rather fun of just now." Yes," the doctor replied, "I am anxious to do so in the cause of a new science which is very marvellous indeed, and into which we ourselves, who have studied it for years, have not penetrated very far. It is not right that it should be ridiculed and lowered in the hands of quacks and mountebanks, but it should be approached with the same respect and reverence extended to any other great discovery in the world of science." "Then, what is hypnotism, and what are the functions of the hypnotist < Is hypnotist the right name ?" Ilypnotisers is what we generally call those who practise this new art of healing. Hypnotism is a science. But we are now only at the threshold of it, and it will require many years of patient, persevering study before it can possibly be fathomed. Every human being possesses a certain amount of electricity and magnetism. Some persons have more, some less, but no one is quite without them, and by using them in a certain way it is possible to exert a decided influence on the mental and physical condition I of other human beings." Does that mean that anybody who is so minded can become a hypnotizer ? Yes. I firmly believe that it is possible for every human being to use this influence on others, but those are naturally more successful who have most electricity or magnetism in their system." "And can anybody be a 'subject' ? Could you, for instance, hypnotize me at this moment ? Not, mind you, that I would like you to do so," I added, and tried to sit rather more back in the oak armchair opposite to the pieasant-spoken exponent of hypnotism. He smiled and said, Yes, I think I could. Of course the science is still too new to have enabled us to collect very many statistics, but the fact has been ascertained, by those who are giving their whole time and skill to it, that 83.7 per cent. can be put into a lethargic sleep by means of hypnotism." Is hypnotism nothing but the lethargic sleep which sometimes naturally falls upon people? Let me explain. There are three different I stages of hypnotic sleep. The first of these is the lethargic sleep. The following is the most common form of inducing it. We place the patient in a chair, and from the ceiling, just in front of her, a little gilt globe is suspended by a cord, just like you see them on Christmas trees. The ball is kept rapidly twirling, and the patient is told to keep her eyes steadily on it. She does this for some minutes, till the acoommodation muscles of the eyes get very tired. Some patients begin to squint dreadfully. Then we close her eyes, pass the hand down in front of her face, and she is asleep. Sometimes, instead of the ball, they use at the Charite at Paris, where I have studied and practised under Dr Luys for over a. year, a small miiror shaped like a cocked hat, such as the French use for catching larks. It is curious that the patient, has pleasant dreams when the ball is gilded, or when a yellow light is reflected in the mirror, and bad and evil dreams when the ball or the light are blue." "Pardon the interruption, but why ,do you always speak of your patient as I she '? Are women better subjects for hypnotizsrs than men ? "I No, sex make3 little or no difference. It is only a matter of habit. Dc Wertheim, of Nantes, holds that hypno'ism is ineffective on children and old psople but I cannot agree with him there, for I have had cases of children which have been very successful indeed, and I believe that between the age of seven and twelve they are very susceptible. Take, for instance, a case of infantile paralysis I have recently had here in London. The boy was thirteen years old, and his left arm had been paralyzed since infancy. He was also mentally very backward, and had only reached the second standard at the Board school. Well, after I had him under my care for a month, he could use his arm and hold a cup in his hand, which he had never in his life been able to do. The parents told me that mentally he was also much brighter, and the teacher's opinion was 'enorniously improved I do not profess that the cure is perfect, for I have not been able to lengthen the arm, which, like all paralyzed limbs, was shrivelled up. But the lad has the use of his hand and arm, and can now earn a living when he gets older. I could give you numbers of such cases, all of which are well authenticated, and of which you can have the names and addresses." But now, Dr Vores, to return to the various forma of hypnotic sleep. What is the object of putting a patient into this lethargic state ? "You can perform operations on the patient- draw teeth, &c, without administering an anaesthetic, and without causing pain. You know that it is dangerous to give chloroform or gis to people with a weak or diseased heart. 11 This danger is avoided by hypnotizing a person." The next stage of hypnotic sleep," continued Dr Vores, is the cataleptic state. A patient is put into it if, afrer putting her into the lethargic sleep, the hypnotizer opens her eyes. She does not awake, but the light that falls into her eyes brings about the cataleptic state, during which the body becomes perfectly stiff. You can then make the patient pose just as you like. If you make him stand up, put his arms and feet and body in any position you like, fix his eyes on any point in the ceiling or room, he will remain for hours just as you place him, never nioviiiz, and not once blinking or turning his eyes from the point on which you told him to fix them." "This is perfectly horrible. What is the good of it ? "—"There is, as yet, no direct benefit to be obtained to suffel ers from this state, and it is chiefly useful as bringing about the next, or somnambulistic, state. 1 touch a certain poiut above the patient's left temple, and to all appearance he awakes, and is himself again. With this difference he has absolutely no will power, and my will rules him entirely. If the sun is shining brilliantly, and I say, How it poui-3 with rain,' he will turn to the window, and say in a perfectly natural tone, Yes, it dots rain,' and f>'J forth. It is in this somnambulistic state that crimes are committed and deeds done which are utterly opposed to the patient's own inclinations when in his natural stale. In tho lethargic state you can make people do snuli things by your will power over them, but if you should :n6eit anything naturally repulsive or opposed to therr own inclinations they would wake up and refuse to do it." But I must ask again, what is the use of all this? "The cataleptic and somnambulistic state are so far of little practical us?, but you can easily see that they are impoitant for the further development of the new science. The lethargic state, however, is directly useful in the art of healing. At the Charite we ha- e a number o mediums, or transfers. These are persons of either sex who come to us every mor,ling at the z, hospital, and whom we know to be easily put into hypnotic sleep. A patient is put into a chair, and opp osite him the transfer sits down, holding the patient's riyht hand with his right hand, and the left with the left, so as to form the figure eight. Both are put to sleep in the usual way, and then the disease of the patient passes into the body of the transfer by the hypnotizer passing his hand over them." In fact, it is somewhat like casting out devils, and making them enter a herd of swine ? But what of the poor transfer? Does he cast himself into the sea, or the Seine?"—"No, no. The disease leaves the transfer as soon as he is awakened from the hypnotic sleep." "And then, I suppose, it goes and drowns it- self in the Seine without the assistance of either patient or transfer. Surely you don't expect any sane person to believe all this ?" The cure is not completed in a day, but the patient begins to improve at once, and keeps on improving till he is cured. We had a Greek gentleman at the Charite. He had been paralyzed twenty-three years, and his body was all drawn up. In four months' time he could walk about and go about his business, and he had tried everything before. The transfer assumed the exact attitude of the poor trembling Greek when I had put them both to sleep and passed my hands over them, but when he awoke he re- covered at once." Does this apply to organic diseases as well ?" —" To some extent. The best cures we have had are of paralysis arising from lesion of the brain, paralysis agitans, chorea, locomotor ataxia, epilepsy, and kindred diseases. Dipsomaniacs and people addicted to morphia habits have also been cured, although in the latter two cases I have often noticed that if I allow my thoughts for one moment t.) wander from the patient- especially if he is a patient against his own will— he will turn round on me, and tell me that he is not going to do anything I may suggest to him." "Then the will. power plays a great part in hypnotism ?"—" It does, and when patients first come to as it is often difficult to manage them. But after putting them to sleep f(,r two er three times the communication between hypnotizer and patient becomes much easier, and when I want one of the transfers I need only lift up my hand, without even looking in his or her direction and the right person comes to me at once." A POSTMAN ATTACKED BY WOLVES. Much constei nation has been caused in the neighbourhood of Metz by the number of wolves which are at large. The rural postmen are quite unable to go their regular rounds for fear of being worried by these animals. The other day a postman was attacked by throe wolves when he was less than a mile from a village. Up to the present the hunters have kilfed sixteen wolves, I and captured three cubs. CORNERED. One of the light-fingered fraternity, after winn- ing ten games at ecarte in succession, tried his fortune against a fresh opponent, and continued to win. He hal made four points, and dealing turned up a king and won. My luck is something wonderful," he re- marked. Yes," said his adversary, and all the more wonderful since I have the four kins cf the pack in my pocket" and the professor of legerdemain laid them on the table. CURIOUS COPTIC CUSTOMS. The Coptic Patriarch of Alexandria is never allowed to sleep more than fifteen minutes at a time. At the end of every quarter of an hour he is dilly awakened by an attendant. The abunda, or Primate of Abyssinia, carries the principle of nolo epUcopari so far that, when appointed, he refuses to be elevated to his new dignity, and has to be chained and taken to Egypt in order to receive consecration at the hands of the Coptic Patriarch. THE DIFFICULTY OF KILLING A CAT. A correspondent give3 another example of the difficulty of killing a cat. A friend has a little black cat, named Midget, and, being tired of providing homes for its numerous progeny, he decided to get rid of it. Accordingly, one of his daughters rolled it well up in a piece of blanket and tied it securely with string. Another carried it down to the river, about five minutes' walk from the house, and flung it into the water. A few days went by and poor Midget was almost forgotten, when one morning, on going downstairs, whom should they find in the kitchen but my lady with five kittens To say they were flabbergasted would be putting it mildly. Her owners hare now determined to let her die a natural death, thinking, with some reason, that it would not be worth while to take the trouble of depriving her of eight more lives. PHOTOGRAPHING LOVE LETTERS. I had an experience the other day (says a photosraphe;) which has interested me mo:e than anything of a similar nature which has happened to me in all my business experience. A young lady who moves in the best society brought me three letters and I photographed them for her, and at her request destroyed the negatives. The letters were the most tender and ardent love missives imaginable. They were addressed to the young lady herself. I will confess that curiosity got the better of my judgment, and I finally said "You'll rardon me, but this job is a little unusual, isn't it ? Is it ?' she said, smiling. It strikes me so,' I replied. I don't see why you want photographs of these letters since you have the letters themselves.' Don't you ? Well, I do. Suppose the letters were to b3 lost or burned or destroyed in some (ther way ? Wouldn't the photographs be destroyed just as easily as the letters ? Perhaps not especially if they were not kept iu the sains place with the letters. But I am not afraid of losing them by fire or in any such way as that. The fact is, the ink is fading out, and in a short time it is likely to be ille-ible." There is a girl for you who doesn't propose to take any risks in the breach of promise business CROSS PURPOSE A young lady from the country got into a city tramway car. The vehicle had not g.me far when the conductor said affably, "Your fare, inis3." The lady blushed. The conductor repeated, Your fare, miss," and the lady blushed more deeply. By this time the conductor begau to look foolish. After a pause he again repeated, "Miss, your fare." "Well," said the young lady, "they do think un good-looking at home, but I don't see why you want to say it out so loud." J A SHOOTING SENSATION IN A BALL- ROOM. A correspondent, writing from Auckland, reports an extraordinary occurrence in a ballroom at Jfonsonby as the result of pe sonating a character with too much minuteness A fancy dress ball was baing held in St. Ge )re's Hall in the town, and one of the gentleman (Mr PelÜl' Mackie) went in the character of S aolev, the Explorer." This included a revolver placed con- spicuously in a belt. The weapon was borrowed from a friend of Mr Mackie's Not knowing that the revolver was loided, Mr l\:fa'k:(J allowed several of his friends to jokingly take it from his belt, and, strange to say, nothing happened to it until the dance was nearly over. While Mr Mackie was dancing his partner said, "Let me have a shot," and jocularly to )k the revolver from Mr Mackie's belt pointing it upwards to- wards the ceiling. The weapon instantly went off, the bullet just touching the tip of Mr Mackie's nose and causing blood to flow. The young lady fainted away, and was carried from the room. The report of the firearm and the circumstances altogether cauicd quite a sensation i II the room. [ A SCOTCHMAN'S HUMOUR, I There is an old, but utterly exploded idea, that a Scotsman cannot appreciate a joke. This certainly cannot be said of an excelictit mon of Dunfermline, who married a third wife, and then took the sonsie lassie to see the elegant, tombstone he had erected over the graves of her deceased predtcessors in matiiminy, and on which the newly wt dded spouse read the soul- cheering Scriptural quotation, Be ye also ready
CARMARTHEN BOARD OF GUARDIANS. The fortnightly meeting of this board was held at the Union Workhouse on Saturday, when Mr J. Evans, Alltycadno, actcd as chairman. There was a good attendance of members. RESIGNATION OF THE CHAIRMAN. The Clerk (Mr R. Browne) read the reply of Mr J. Hughes, F.R C.S., to the resolution of the board urging him to re-consider bis determination to vacate the chair, which he has held since 1884, at the end of the present poor-law year. Mr Hughes, after thanking the board for their kind resolution, said be had fully considered the matter before he camo reluctantly to the decision in the first place, and he thought it better for the board and its business that he should adhere to his resolution. Mr Hu-Iies added, "You may get a better chair- man, but you will not be able to treat him better than you have treated me." Mr T. Thomas, J.P., moved a vote of sympathy with Mr Hughes in the matter of his ill-health, which had caused him to resign. He had sat with him at that board for many meetiugs, and greatly admired his independent conduct in the chair. The town and the board would experience a great loss- there was only one John Hughes. The Rev. W. Thomas, vice-chairman, seconded, and the motion was agreed to. THE LATE ME. J. L. PHILIPPS. I The Chairman moved a vote of condolence with the family of Mr J. Lewis Philipps, Bulabaul, who had held the office of chairman for 23 consecutive years from 1861. Mr Harries, Llandilo-Abereowin, seconded the motion, which was unanimously curied I after a few other members had spoken of Mr Philipps's services to the board. THE JOINT COUNTIES ASYLUM. The Clerk brought forward the matter re Ann James, a pauper lunatic, and said a great deal of public interest was excited in the matter owing to the strictures passed by the asylum board upon the relieving officer of the guardians. He read the correspondence which he had addressed to the Clerk to the Visitors (Mr W. M. Griffiths), and also the letter which was brought to Mr J. D. Evans, relieving officer, by the asylum attendant He then read his own letter, which stated: -In my letter there is nothing to suggest that the officials of the asylum had done anything illegal iu discharging the lunatic—what I complained of was the way in which it was done." Mr Browne 8-tid he saw from the reports of the visitors' meet- ing that Dr. Heardcr had said he had only received the commissioners' reply on the morning of the 24,th December, deciding that the woman had been illegally admitted to the asylum. Assuming the doctor got the letter at ten a.m., it afforded him amp'e time to give the relieving officer a couple of hours' notice that he was to discharge the patient so that he might make arrangements for the woman being properly and legally committed to the asylum. Instead of that the lunatic was brought to the relieving officer's house at four o'clock on Saturday afternoon, and that was the very first that officer (Mr J. D. Evans) beard of the case. Lord Emlyn was reported to have severely censured the relieving officer, and even went so far as to suggest a vote of censure, but his lordship's re- marks were based upon most imperfect informa- tion. The woman was not a pauper when admitted, and the relieving officer had no right to interfere in the matter of non-pauper lunatics except in one or other of three contingencies —(1) a lunatic wander- ing at large, (2) being cruelly or improperly treated by those in charge, or (3) not being in charge of competent persons. In the present case° the lunatic resided in a cottage close to Blaynea, Llan^endeirne. One Saturday evening, near the end of November, Mr John Jones, relieving officer, was goicg home from that board, and about three o'clock, when near the Login, he met the husband of the lunatic, whe said he wished to put his wife in the asylun-. Mr Jones replied that before taking action he would have to see his wife and lay information before the nearest justice, Mr A. W. J. Stokes, Ystradwrallt, but he could not do to that evening. Mr Jones then said something as to the law given three days to lay information, and he intended to make enquiries the next day. Nothing in the law required him to take any steps in the case of such a lunatic. He had no right whatever to interfere. In either of the three contingencies mentioned above, neither of which was present in the case of Ann James, the law allowed the reliev- ing officer three days in which to move. The clerk thought Mr Enoch Davies, one of the visitors, took a very practical and common sense view of the matter when be said at the asylum meeting that, instead of (so to speak) throwing the lunatic at the head of the relieving officer for that town, the medical superintendent should have given him notice beforehand. If the committee of visitors bad had the courtesy to comply with the request for notice in such cases in the future instead of censuring an officer over whom they had no control, they would have shown much better taste. The Rev. W. Thomas (vice-chairman) moved that the board was of opinion that no blame attached to either 01 the relieviugoiffcers,"and this being seconded, was carried unanimously. Some questions being asked as to the ability of the husband to contribute towards his wife's tiain- tenance, it was stated that he was in receipt of but 8s a week and food, and therefore they could not expect him to contribute.—There was no other business of interest.
TRADE REPORT. There is little or no movement in the metal trades since last week, certainly no tendency in an upward di ection. The railway dividends, which have been reported up to the present, indicate that the increase in working expenses has overtaken the increase in receipts, and the dividends are, and are likely to be in those companies which have not yet declared, rather lower than a year ago. We alluded to the probability of this result in our summary of the trade of 18S9, and whereas a year or even six months back, the weekly railway returns showed larger figures than the corresponding returns of 1889, we now more frequently meet with figures I indicating- an actually smaller volume of business on some lines than at the beginning of last year. The chief event of local interest this week is the fu-ther advance of 2^ per ceut. in colliers' wages; a proof that the selling price of Rhondda coal has maintained a higher level over tho last three months of 1893, tlnn was goneially expected. This result was hardly looked for by the general public, but when we consider how great the pro- portion of large coal shipped at Cardiff, Newport and Swansea, is to that used in the district, and that contracts for steam coal were frequently made tocover the whole of the year; it will be under- stood that the present increase in wages is after all not a matter for surprise. We think, however, that the top has rJOiV been reached; for the general slackness in the trade of the world must mean less carrying to do, and consequently a smaller demand for steam power. I ig iron is distinctly duller in tone, and it is only the high price of fuel which prevents it going lower. Iron ore merchants are pressing buyers to cover their requirements at something beyond current prices for prompt delivery; but we think toey will find it difficult to persuade fluelters to tn ike any large contracts, except at lower figures, l'hey, the ore merchants, point to the scar Tty of good ore, and say that owing to the bi-drain on the denositsof NWtlif>rn Krvtin t -II- V JclllUIIJ tour million tons a year—the mines are becoming exhausted; and they bring this forward as an ex- cuse for some very inferior stuff which has found its way into Cardiff during the winter months. There may, be,,S0!n? tl-u.fh in this, but it is not the whole tiuth. J lio Spanish mine owners have been reap- ing very large profits since th« beginning of 18J-9 nn<l have consequently become careless iu working the ore, and keeping it free from dirt. With the diminished production of i on, which we shall probably experience before six months are past, there will be a lessened demand for ore; and not only will the mine owners have to work for lower profits, but to be more careful in selecting aod cleaning the mineral. The price of ore in Cardiff is to-day about 4. a ton higher than it was four years ago, and we believe the cost of working has not gone up materially so there is a good deal of room for a fall. Hematite iron is now 52s.; Scotch, IGs.Gd.: and Middlesbro, 41s. 9d. Finished iron and steel are in poor demand and Bessemer tinplate bars are selling freely at from Y.5 10a to £ » 12s 6d, according to quality; and some brands at even lower ligtire-. Tinphttcs show no change from last week, and I prices may be taken at 17s 3d to 17s 9d for Bjsseiuer plates, according to quality 183 for I' Siemens, with 3d to 6d extra for odd sizes. LONDON METAL MARKET. CoppEn gave way at the start, and moved t own wards to the close. Selling commenced with three months at a loss of 2s 6d, and, on continuing freely, this was sharply increased to 7s 6d, upon which cash sales began at .£52, and for a while the tone steadied, but values again weakened, and left off 10s below Friday's, a large business having been done. In the afternoon, in spite of a decrease in stocks of 4,700 tons on the month, lower prices ruled, owing to the large offerings fiom American sources, and after a moderate trade final rates were 42s Gd lower on the day. After hours values were 2s 6d better. Sales, 1,050 tons. Settlement price, £ 51 15. TIN opened weak I t a decline of 7s 6d on increased stocks, and further relapsed, especially fer distant positions (which at one time were level with cash), but the close was above the worst, although 15s lower than Friday. In the afternoon the market ruled weak on continued specula'ive manipulation, and closcd about 20s lower on the day. Sales, 250 tons. Settlement price, £89 10s. During the past month the arrivals were 3,404 tons. Deliveries, 1,574 tons. Stocks, 5,234 tons. Pio IRON improved nd at the opening, in sympathy with Glascow trading, but thefgain was lost at the second call. There was no special feature, and after quiet markets at both sessions, the final close was firm at Friday's rates. The turnover was 2,500 tons. Settlement price, 46R 4d. LYAD has ruled dull without business, but there are btiyersit the qizotations. SPELTER is firm, but quiet. March shipment is quoted £ 23 10s. ZINC is inactive, but there is no reduction in pi ice. ANTIMONY is weak, and there is very little doing even at the decline- QUICKSILVER is somewhat firmer, o.ung to an improved demand for expeit.
LLANSAWEL. PRESENTATION TO THE MAYOR.—In the annals of Llansawel, Tuesday (27th ult.), will be a red-letter day, as it marktl an epoch in the history of this ancient town, when its first mayor our dis- tinguiubed townsman—Alderman Myles-Jones was presented and publicly invested with his official robes and other paraphernalia appertaining to the office of mayor. The corporation of Llansawellike every other corporation in its infancy, being a little wanl ing in the method of procedure, hence all the j araphernalia belonging to the office was not ready for Alderman Myles-Jones when coming into office. Now that everything has been set right, we will not grumble. We cannot hide the pleasure it gave us to.see Mayor Myles-Jones' magnificent figure in the civic robe on the evening of the 27th ult., when he made his first appeariince officially, by promenading the town, accompanied by the aldermen, macebearer, &c., when lie was received with great cheers and expression of respect in every part of the town. Man and beast seemed to vie in giving honour to one to whom honour is due. It grieves us that while the mayor and his colleagues were proceeding along Marlais-strcet, they met with a little unpleasant interruption near the Black Lion Hotel and near Penj bont, but matters were soon put right again, and the rest of the journey was an unbroken course of manifestations of loyalty to the powers that be." On the same evening a meeting was convened at 3 the Town-hall on the occasion of investing he mayor with his official robes. On the pioposition of Mr Davies, Tyjycwui, Mr D. B. Evans, Church- terrace, was voted to the chair, Mr Morris seconding.—Mr Evans, in opening the proceedings said: Mr Mayor, Ladies and Gentlemen, and fellow townspeople, I feel it an honour to preside at this meeting to-night, on such an important occasion, viz., the presentation of the maj'orial robe to my fellow townsman, Alderman Myles-Jones. We ought all to be thankful that we have such a distinguished mayor in every sense of the word (hear, hear). One important element in his character is self-denial and attention to details. Differing from the mayors of great towns generally, he stoops down from his lofty position to attend and see that improvements are effected in the most isolated parts of the town (applause). He has done great anJ noble service in that way. I have much pleasure in calling upon Miss Williams, Post Office, to invest the mayor with tho robe. This was done amid tremendous applause, which continued for a long time. The chairman then called upon the mayor to address the audience, to say what he promised to do for us in the future, and he said Mr Chairman, ladies and gentleiiiei), and townspeople, I thank you very much for the honour you have conferred upon uie. The chair- man has touched upon what I have done for this town in the way of improving its sanitary condition. Allow me to remind you that I have done more than that for this town. I mean by improving it intellectually, I have cultivated people's minds. Through my instrumentality, with your co-operation afterwards, was the Welsh library started. I need not remind you of my efforts in another direction that of having a supply of pure water to this town, which has been achieved, despite many difficulties. I thank you all for your kind co-operation in this and iu other matters. The colour of this robe, scarlet, is a sign of btttlc-of fighting. I b.aro fought in the past, for many a cause, and I must fight again, friends (applause). I mean, we must have this town better lighted in the nights, by fixing lamn-posts here and there in the main streets (hear, hear, and applause). I will do my utmost again for this cause (applause). Once again I thank you for snbscrib- 1 11 you for s,ibs(;rib. ing so handsomely towards having this robe for me. Thank you all (hear, hear, and loud and pro- longed applause) during which the chairman made a few witty remarks, and called upon Mr Morris to address the meeting.—Mr Mcrris said 1 am glad to be present here to-night on such an auspicious event. We have been long enough without a mayor, and previous to to-night it was here an office without dignity of official robes. Our worthv mayor has fought much for rights—he is an old veteran. The mayorial robe, reaching down to the floor, shows that he is all there in office, not a part of him, but the whole of his energetic soul in the office. He has done much for this town and dis- trict, and I feel confident ho wili do more afrain. He iq the man for its. If he will act in the future as in the past, the mayoralty will never be taken from him (hear, hear). Mr Mori 1*3 then read out some very humorous lines of poetry, which he had composed expressly for the oc asion. — Mr Richards was next called to speak, and said: This is the first time for me to have the pleasure of seein-* our respected mayor in his official clothes. Seein, hill] at first I was a little frightened, but recognised him as the mayor. He always looked handsome bat he is more so now. We ought to be proud of one who has done so much for us, and I am sure all of you are glad to see him thus In hij robe as he should be. I conclude by wishing him a lOll" life to devote his good services to the town (hear tear). The chairman then called upon Mr ttees James, an old inhabitant, to address the meeting. He s:iid I remember this town as it was 50 years a-o. Since then it his greatly changed. Otir dis,i!,g iisliecl mayor has done a great deal to improve its con- dition. He has striven and fought much for these improvements, and has been blamed by some in consequence. But we must fight, as there are so many enemies about (hear, hear). Through his instrumentality the well was repaired, thereby ensuring for us a supply of pure water. I am not much of a speaker, but I always try to say what I feel. I hope our worthy mayor wilfbo as energetic in the future as in the past, and that ho wilf not rest until be has scon lamps fixed iu the streets of this town (hear, hear), as wo old people feel this want, especially on dark nights. In my OlIn ex- perience I have knocked against many a stwmpyn while proceeding along the streets in the night. The speaker concluded by wisLiuo- the mayor, a long and prosperous life. At this s., of the proceedings, the chairman humourously' re- mnrbnrl fhnt. thA mnvni* 'In.rII; ..—j" nee(i ot t wife, so that we may have a mayoress as well. He ought to look for one now, but the difficulty is iu choosing" (hear, hear, aud laughter). Mr Williams, Penybont, was the next speaker called and spoke something to this effect: Allow me tn say a few words, thoug-h ic will be a. poor speech I shall give you. as I am not much of a speaker I am very happy to see my Mlow townsman thus hononred. Indeed, I do not know how my I cart can hot.! tho happiness which fill" it to-niht. Our worthy mayor has been the makin"- of this town (hear, hear). I can seethe bloom of health in the face^ of all my fellow townspeople. What accounts for (hat ? Why, the supply of pure water which lie has obtained for us by repairing the well and its environments. I am glad to sec bun in his mayorial robe. Like the Ephesian of old I am inc'ined to say to him as they said of their own goodness, "Mawr yw Diana yr Ephesiaid (laughter and applause). He has set us a nCihle example to follow, by doing, and not saying only. The long robe he wears now is an emblem, showing that ho will devote 11.11 his energies to the duties of the office, its colour red, signifying as another speaker has said, much fighting. Our mayor has a strong will and a strong arm,and he will again in the future as in the past, fight for the rights and privileges of this town (applause).— Mr"Watkin Davies A good man needs no praise. Here we have the right man in the right place (hear, hear) His life-work is to go about doing good. He met with no opposition this afternoon when promenad- ing the town, only at one or two insignificant places (hear, hear, and laughter). Mr Evan Evans: I am desirous of acknowledging the great mark our mayor has done in bringing about im- provemente in the roads of our town. Even horses I have benefited thus by his elevation to office (laughter and applause). As to the projected lighting up of the town, I think we do not all as young people commend this, for we like dark corners sometimes (laughter). The mayor has also given us a well of water that will never dry up! (hear, hear). Mr David: The mayor looks magnificent. It is a great thing to have a man, who is a man in every sense of the word. You have all referred to the nuisances he has removed, therefore, I will be silent on that point. I feel proud of the honour which I received of accompany- ing him through the town this afternoon. Never had such an bonour before.—The Mayor was then Called to address the meeting, and briefly said something to this effect: I thank you all for your orderly behaviour to-night, and to those who have laboured to bring these thiugs about (applause). Mr Williams, Penybont: I rise to propose a vote of thanks to the chairman for presiding, and to those who have been instrumental in getting the mayoiial robe, &c. Mr Morris I beg to second the proposition. One word with regard to the robe. There is no need to praise the sun, so with this robe, it praises itself. I hope Mr Myles- Jones will not change with his elevation as man is apt to, but that he will be as good a mayor as he was before as a citizen (great applause). Mr Watkin Davies then spoke in support of the vote of thanks to the chairman, who then, in a few words, thanked the audience for being so orderly, and called upon the mapor to close the rueeliug with a speech.- The Mayor then, in a few eloquent words, promised to make Llansawel the best town in South Wales, in an artistic and educational sense. He did not intend to sit still," but would strive for the welfare of all, and wished to see all the citizens of the town prospering, and through their co-operation everything would improve. After thanking all, he sat down amidst Joud and pro- longed applause.—The Chairman now called upon 14 Mr Melindwr Davies to close the enjoyable meet- lngbysmging-Hen wlad fy Nhadau," which he did in his best style, the audience joining in the chorup. We ought to mention that Ilr Davies, Tynycwm, and Mr T. A. Williams, Post Office, were the prime movers in getting the robes, and they deserve the greatest praise for looking after the dignity of their native town.
LLANSADWRN. CONCERT.—A grand concert was given at the Board Schools of the above place on Friday evening 30th inst, the proceeds of which went towards defraying the cost of a stove for the Parish Church. The room was beautifully decorated by Mrs Jones, of Glandulais, assisted by Miss Jones, the Vicarage. It may be well to say that a very active interest was taken towards the success of the concert by our N mconformist frien Is, who rendered every assistance in order to carry the arrangements to a successful issue. The chair was occupied by Major Pelham, of Abermarlais Park, whilst the duties of accompanists were ably performed by the following ladies :—Mrs Jones, Glandulais Miss Bishop, C'wmrythen; Miss Constance Lockyer, Llandilo; and Miss Poole, of Brecon. The spacious room was literally packed with an appreciative audience, the elite of the neighbourhood having mustered up in strong numbers. The programme which was a very long and varied one, was most creditably gone through, and was as follows :-Part I Pianoforte solo, "Invitation a la valse," Miss Bishop, Cwm- rythen song, British lion," liev. E. R. Jones, Bryndyfan; duett, All's well," Mtssrs. J. and D. Price, Llansadwrn; song, "Bachgen dewr." Mr James Rees, Llansadwrn; song, "Joyous life." Misa Rees, Llangadock gleo, See our oars," Llanwrda Glee Party (Mr James Thomas), song, "Hen ffon fy nain," Rev. J. Williams, Llaudovery (encored); song, Matrimony," Miss Mya Lewis, Vangadock; soug, "Anchored," Mr C. U. Phillips, Llandilo; comic song, "There's something wrong with the works," Master Earnest Lloyd, Llandilo (raptuously encored) glee, Mai," Uansadwru Giee Party (Ali- J tmos Rees). Pitit It: G Ice" Pic Nic," Lianwrda Glee Party (J. Thomas); song, Llythyr fy main," Miss Nicholas, Esgair; song, "In old Madrid," Mr C. G. Phillips; song, "Clychau Aberd.yfi," Miss Kes, Llangadock glee, IVele Wawr," Waunclyndaf Party (Mr D. Price), encored; song, Adre, adrc'n ol," UèV. J. Williams trio, "Fair Flora Decks," Miss Williams, and Mes.-is, J. Rees and J. Pnee, Llansadwrn song, "Agnes lacdonald," Miss Mya Lewis (encored) glee, Pro Foruio," Llansadwrn Male Voice Partv (J. Rees), encoivd comic song, Benjamin Bins," Master Ernest Lloyd (loudly cncored) glee, "bailor's choruF," Llanwrda Male Vuice Party (J.Thomas) finale God save the Queen." The usual vote of thanks to the chairman concludid the proceedings, which were from a musical and .financial point of view, quite successful.
CILRHEDYN. TIW: TlG MATCHES. —The above came off on Wednesday (28th lilt.), and were ran over the usual course, which is not very advantageous, while there is a better road to be had in the same locality, but the old course was chiefly chosen to suit party feeling, while next year the course will be changed fi.,r the sake of spectators and strangers. The attendance was net so large this year as formerly, owing to the inclemency of the weather. The entries were, however, very fair. The judges were Messrs Wiliiams, Gellygatti Jeremiah, Ccfngwndwn and Pnillips, Rhewyucoch. The prizes we e awarded as follows 1st race (open to horses and punies under 3 years old)-1, Mr J. E. Thomas, Plas, Eglwyswen (Newthurch); 2, Mr Thomas, do. 3, Mr T. Jones, Dolwen 4, Mr D. Phillips, Rhewyncoch. Second race (open to ponies under 13a hands high)—1, Mr J. Jones, Penrheol Capel Evan 2, Mr Tom Davies, BiaenachdcUi. Third race (open to horses of all ages)-I, Mr Beynon's Bob, Cilgerran, near Cardigan 2, Mr \Vm. Jones, Penftorest Inn 3, illr J. Jones, Penrhcol (a pony under 13i hands high) Immediately after the trotting matches were over, athletic sports were held in a field, kindly lent for the occasion by Mr Jeremiah, Cefngwndwn, when prizes were given as follows —200yards flat race, 1, Mr S. Thomas, Gilfachmeison Mr E. Rees, Crusswood. 100 yards flat race for juniors, 1, Mr n. Thomas, Farm faell; 2, Mv W. Jeremiah, Cefngwndwn 3, Mr Thomas, Farm Fach. High jump, priz'i divided between Messrs W. Evans, Blaennant, and J. Beynon, Ciyncocb. Wheeling wheelbarrow (blindfolded), 1, Mr J. Morgans, Capel Evan 2, Mr J. C. Bowen, Lhvyn Eiiion 3, Mr J. Davits, Troedyrhyn. After all the prizes had been paid to the successful competitors at Peofforest Inn, several good humoured speeches were delivered worthy of the occasion.
BRECHFA. It is with regret that we have to chronicle the death of Mr John Evans, of the Strand, Ferndale (son of Mr David Evans, late of Tyllwyd, Brechfa), who expired at his father's residence, Pni"u HaJJ, Llanelly, ou the 13th, in his 38th year. Mr Evans carried on an extension business at Ferndale, and was greatly t e-pected by all who kolCW him. He leaves a widow and three children to uv>urn his loss. The deceased was interred at the ell-it-ell Cemetery, the officiating clergy being the Uev. J. L. 1\1erè,Jith, M.A, and Rev. S. Davies.
Yes," she said to her escort, as tliev glided round the ring, I do love skating. When we are sailing around in this way my very soul seems 1- LI L,,) k)-, Iloallll to.varus Heaven, and By some mistake in the programme, at this point botli of her so'es iloate I away towards Hoaven, while the rest of ha- smote the wooden door with a mighty smite.
ROGERS' ALES AND PORTERS r r BREWERY, BRISTOL. In 4i Gall. Casks and upwards, from lOd per gallon. For List of Prices and South Wales Agents see TV estern Al ail. Applications for Purchasing Agencies to be addressed to 0 a J. B. MADDOCKS, Penarth. [45 Printed and Published by THE JOURNAL" CO., LIMITED, at 3, Guildhall-square, in the Connty of the Borough of Carmarthen.—FRIDAY, FEB. 6, 1891.