COMMERCE BLOUSE, CARMARTHEN. POSTPONEMENT OF SALE. cr o IH: isT m. IE W I S Begs to inform bis Customers and the Public in general that he has the first week in February, owing to the alterations he intends making to his Estabhshme t hich airrundertaken with a view of extending and farthering the various Departments, and promoting the comfort and convenience of his nuinerons Customers. All Goods will be very much reduced, in some cases considerably below cost, and Customers may rely upon seoiring parcels of good, clean (not soded) Goods at mere nominal prices. SALE FIRST WEEK IN FEBRUARY. Established 1854. D. TITUS WILLIAMS, BOOKBINDER, ENGLISH WESLEYAN CHAPEL HOUSE, CARMARTHEN, Havine taken over the Business lately carried on by bis father (the late Thomas Williams),P- T. W'. begs most respectfully to return thanks to the Public for the kind patronage hitherto accorded his father, and hopes to be favoured with a continuance of their kind support. BIBLES, MUSIC, JLBUMS, and OLD BOOKS BOUND and REPAIRED with the gi-eatesi care. SECOND-HAND BOOKS BOUGHT, SOLD, OR EXCHANGED. THE IMPROVEMENT OF LANDED ESTATES. THE LAND LOAN AND ENFRANCHISEMENT COMPANY (Incorporated by Special Act of Parliament) ADVANCES MONEY to Landowners for Drainage, the Erection of Farm Buildings, Artizans' and Miners' Cottages Trial Pits for Mines, and for the General Improvement of Landed Property; also to TENANTS FOR LIFE, for the ERECTION of and ADDITIONS to ESTATE MANSIONS, STABLES, and OUTBUILDINGS, and their general sanitary improvement; the amount borrowed being repaid by a terminable rent-charge. No investigation of title is necessary. Prospectus and forms of application may be obtained at the Company s Offices. 22, Great George-street, Westminster, S.W. EDWIN GARROD, Secretary. MORTGAGE AND GROUND-RENT BRANCH OF THE LAND LOAN AND ENFRANCHISEMENT COMPANY. THE COMPANY'S REGISTER contains various sums of trust, and other n^nnKioIT68' ment on Mortgage and for the purchase of Ground Rents. Furt er par pp 22, Great George-street, Westminster, S.W. EDWIN GARROD, Seert tary. [115 H. & T. PROCTOR, ORIGINAL MANUFACTURERS OF PREPARED BONE MANURES, FOR CORN, GRASS, ROOT, AND OTHER CROPS; ALSO Superphosphate of Lime. WORKS CATHAY, BRISTOL. Telegraphic Address:-If PROC;TOR." BRISTOL. ESTABLISHED 1812. H& T. PROCTOR'S PREPARED BONE MANURES for Grass LandB favour a heavy growth of Grass and improve the quality of the herbage. (' H. & T. PROCTOR'S POTATO MANURE will profitably increase the I crop, and by its use the morbid action of the Potato plant may, to a great extent, be prevented. H. & T. PROCTOR'S BARLEY AND OAT MANURES very much in- I crease the yield, and im- prove the quality of the grain. ) Price List and particulars of Prizes for Root Crops offered in 1891 on application to H. & T. PROCTOR, CATHAY, BRISTOL. I [534 BEw,Vli ARE o Remembar that SUNLIGHT SOAP cannot be successfully imitated by onyone. Y DO NOT ALLOW I other soap, said to be the same as the SUN, IGHT j | SOAP, to b3 palmed off upon you. If ou tO j you must expect to be disappointed. Cce ■ that you get what you ask for, and j I that the word "SUNLIGHT" is stamred 4 upon every tablet and printed jy upon every wrapper. 'ell MONEY TO LEND. I MONEY LENT PRIVATELY (without sureties) by the CHARING-CROSS BANK (Estab- lished 1870). 28, BEDFORD-ST., CHARING-CROSS, London, W.C. Capital £ 300,000. Reserve Fund £ 100,000. ADVANCES IMMEDIATELY MADE Upon Approved Promissory Notes as follows, without bill of sale. Advance L25-12 monthly repayments of 22 5 10 50 „ „ 4 11 8 100 „ 9 3 4 Larger amounts in the same proportion. ADVANCES of 230 to £2,000 granted at a few hours' notice in town or country, male or female, on mortgage of furniture, trade and farm stock, plant, crops, &c., without removal, and to assist persons into business. Also on deeds, policies, and reversions. NOTICE. —Any one requiring money will do well before applying elsewhere, or paying fees, to think of this—Surely I can do better with a Bank having large capital at command and devoting themselves to this class of business than I can with so-called private money lenders or agents with small means. Good borrowers can obtain money here on reasonable terms, quickly, privately, and without deductions, repayable by easy instalments. Distance no object. Call per- sonally, or write. Special facilities to all requiring banking accounts. 4 per cent. interest allowed on the minimum monthly balances. Deposits of tlO and upwards received as under r 5 per cent. per annum, subject to 3 months notice of withdrawal. 6 per cent. per annum, subject to 6 months' notice of withdrawal. 7 pel cent. per annum, subject to 12 months' notice of withdrawal. Special terms for larger amounts. Interest paid auarteriy. Write or call for Prospectus. 4 40] A. WILLIAMS, Manager. A R I A N A R I A N ARIAN! Y,5 i £ 500. Kboddir benthyg i Foaeddwyr, Ffermwyr, Mas- nachwyr, a phob dosparth o ddeiliaid tai, ar eu sicrwydd eu hunain. Nid oes eisieu Bills of Sale. Mae yn hollol ddirgel a chyfrinachol. Ad. daliadau i gyfarfod cyfleustra. bentbycwyr. Am fanylion pellach, ymofyner a Sol. Barnett, 15, 1 Pynevor Place, Swansea. [25 I MONEY ADVANCED PRIVATELY AT ONE DAY'S NOTICE. FROM £20 to t-5,000, at Five per cent., to respon- sible persons, male or female, in town or country, upon Promissory Notes, without Bill of Sale. Dis- tance no object, as Loans may be repaid by Cheques or Postal Orders, and so Ion" as the interest is paid the principal can remain. All communications are strictly private, and no good application is ever refused. Apply personally or by post to the actual lender, H. BURTON, Esq., 27, Jermyn-street, Piccadilly, London, S.W. N. B. -Established 1867, since which period the money advanced by MR. BURTON exceeds 24,500,000. [258 MONEY LENT PRIVATELY to Male or Female, in Town or country (distance no object). AT A FEW HOURS NOTICE on NOTE OF HAND ALONE, WITHOUT SURETIES, Publicity, or the usual OBJECTION- ABLE LOAN OFFICE OR AGENTS' ROUTINE AND DELAYS. Prompt Advances also made upon furniture, pianos, jewellery, plate, diamonds, trade and farm stock, plant, crops, farming implements, etc. (without re- moval) and TO ASSIST PERSONS INTO BUSINESS, also uiKtn deeds, reversions, life policies, and iprivate incomes, etc., at FIVE PER CENT. PER ANNUM. Repayments are made monthly, quarterly, half- yearly, or yearly, to suit the convenience of borrowers extending over any period not exceeding ten years, or as long as the interest is paid, the principal can remain. APPLICANTS IN TOWN OR COUNTRY ARE ATTENDED TO THE SAME DAY AS RECEIVED, and intending borrowers requiring prompt and private cash advances for any emergency or other purposes can rely upon their matter being conducted UPON FAIR AND UPRIGHT PRINCIPLES, and WITH THE STRICTEST SECRECY & DESPATCH. Before applying elsewhere, call or write in confidence for Prospectus (gratis) to the ACTUAL LENDER, MB. W. BARCLAY, 1, Cecil-street, Strand, London, w.c. (Private gentleman). P.S.-No connection with Loan Offices. [55 FOR SALE. -DEATHERS.-Pure (no mixture of wing and tail clippings), fit for [use, to be had ohly of the Sole Agent (for the last 25 years)—William Evans, Stag's Head, near Market, Carmarthen. [404. SHIPPING NOTICES. EMALE DOMESTIC SERVANTS from 17 to 35 years of age obtain FREE PASSAGES BY STEAMER TO QUEENSLAND, where they are greatly in demand and receive good wages only pay- ments-21 for ship kit, and fare to depot in London. ASSISTED PASSAGES are also granted to labourers whose labour is connected with the land, such as FARM LABOURERS, GARDENERS, MINERS, QUARRYMEN, &c., and to apyroved females, such as DRESSMAKERS, 1 RAINED NURSES, &c. An experienced Surgeon and Matron accompany each steamer, and on arrival passengers are received into the Government depot, free of charge. Forms of application, rates of passage, handbooks, and all other information may be obtained on applica- THE° AGENT-GENERAL FOR QUEENSLAND, Westminster Chambers, 1, Victoria Street, London, S.W. All persons who pay their own passages to the Colony, should apply for LAND ORDER WAR- RANTS before embarking. Forms and particulars to be obtained from the Shipping Firms booking the passengers, or from the Agent-General for Queensland. Warrants will not be issued to persons applying after I they have left England. 1^30 AMERICAN LINE. UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMERS LIVERPOOL TO PHILADELPHIA, EVERY WEDNESDAY. First-class, full powered Iron Steamships. Accommodation for passengers, equal to any European Line. Passengers and goods landed at Philadelphia on the Wharf of the PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD. THIS IS THE SHORTEST AND BEST ROUTE TO THE WMT. Apply to RICHARDSON. SPENCE A CO., 8] 19 and 22, Water Street, LIVERPOOL. PUBLIC NOTICES. ESTABLISHED 1851. BIRKBECK BANK Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane. THREE per CENT. INTEREST allowed on DEPOSITS, repayable on demand. TWO per CENT. on CURRENT ACCOUNTS, on minimum monthly balance when not drawn below J6100. STOCKS, SHARES, and ANNUITIES pur- chased and sold. SAVINGS DEPARTMENT. For the encouragement of Thrift the Bank receives small sums on deposits, and allows Interest, at the rate of THREE PER CENT, per annum, on each corapicted YI. The Interest is added to the principal on the 31st March annually. FRANCIS RAVENSCROFT, Manager. HOW TO PURCHASE A HOUSE FOR TWO GUINEAS PER MONTH, OR A PLOT OF LAND FOR FIVE SHILLINGS PER OF LAND FOR FIVE SHILLINGS PER j&ONTH, with immediate possession, and no rent to pay. Apply at the Office of the BIRKBECK FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY. The BIRKBECK ALMANACK, with full par. ticulars, can be obtained post free, on application to FRANCIS RAVENSCROFT, Manager. Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane. [371 'HOE -LE DATTLE SPICE IT PAYS BREEDERS And Farmers to use "HORSE SHOE" CATTLE SPICE with the food they give their cattle, as it rapidly improves the condition of the animals, brings up their weight, and increases their market value. The HORSESHOE CAT- TLE SPICE is a highly feeding condiment for Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs, &c. Proprietors- THE BRITISH CATTLE FOODS CO. (LIMITED), LONDON. WORRIED FARMERS Who read with anxiety the state- ments of scientists that, earth is losing its fertility and yielding poorer produce year after year, are assured that the 11 HORSE- SHOE" CATTLE SPICE supplies the natural salts deficient in the herbage through loss of the Earth's fertility. Vide recent correspondence in The Times. "HORSESHOE" CATTLE SPICE AGENT :— WILLIAM JONES, CORN, FLOUR, ALE, WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANT, CANTON STORES, LLANDILO. (BRANCH AT AMMANFOBD). MR. C. K. WHEATLEY, PROFESSIONAL PIANOFORTE TUNER. PIANOS tuned singly or by the year. Special attention given to American Organs and Har- moniums. All kinds of instruments repaired. Note the Address- 30, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. CHRISTMAS SEASON, 1890. A LARGE ASSORTMENT of FRUITS of all description now in stock at very reasonable prices. Having purchased under very favourable circumstances, I am able to offer EXCEPTIONAL VALUES in CURRANTS from. 3,1d. per lb. RAISINS 3ld. „ SULTANAS 9d. „ Finest Mixed ORANGE and LEMON PEEL 8d. „ Do. ORANGE, LEMON, and CITRON lOd. „ T. SMITH, WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER. PROVISION MERCHANT & CONFECTIONER, KING-STREET, CARMARTHEN. [365 GALVANIZED CORRUGATED ROOFING SHEETS. BUY FROM THE MANUFACTURERS. SHEETS low as 1. 2d. each. FCSF- PRICES ON APPLICATION. CORRUGATED IRON Co., WOLVERHAMPTON. LARGEST MAKERS IN THE KINGDOM. 1VTEW ORIENTAL BANK CORPORATION _]^| (Limited). CAPITAL- A UTIIORISED. I £ 2,000,000. SUBSCRIBED AND PAID-UP £ 600,000. HEAD OFFICE 40, Threadneedle-street, London, E,C. WEST END OFFICE 25, Cockspur-street, S.W. EDINBURGH OFFICE 23, St. Andrew-square. DUNDEE OFFICE 6, Panmure-street. Branches and Agencies—Australia, India. Ceylon, China, Japan, Straits, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Aden, Paris, New York, San Francisco. Money remitted to any part of the World by draft, letter of credit, or by telegraph. Bills of Exchange, Interest Warrants and Coupons collected and cashed. Circular Notes issued, Current Accounts opened, Banking Agency business generally undertaken. INTEREST ALLOWED ON DEPOSITS. At 3 months' notice 3 per cent, per annum. At 6 months'notice. 4 At 12 months'notice. 4L II For 3 or more years certain 5 „ Telegraphic Address: GALLOWAY, CARMARTHEN. J. J. GALLOWAY, 3, QUEEN STREET, CARMARTHEN, WHOLESALE RETAIL PASTRY COOK AND CONFECTIONER. NOTED for superior Cake, not to be equalled at the price. Schools and Meetings supplied with luantities to any Railway Station within 30 Miles, carriage paid. LIST OF PRICES: No. O.-A cheap Cake 3d. per lb. 1.—School Cake 4d. 2.—A really good Cake 5d. 3. —A superior Cake. 6d. 4.—Extra super 7d. „ Others at 8d., 9d., 10d., and lid. per lb. TESTIMONIAL. Waunifor, Maesycrugiau, R.S.O. "Mrs Charles Lloyd begs to thank Mr Galloway for the excellent way in which he executed her order, all the cakes, &c., being so fresh and good." NOTICE OF REMOVAL. JOHN D. THOMAS (LATE FFOSHELIG), VETERINARY SURGEON, M.R.C.V.S. LOND., TO TKOEDYBRYN HOUSE, L A M PE T E E. ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. [527 TO BUILDERS AND CONTRACTORS TEND ERS are invited for building NEW STABLES for the Hunt Committee, near the "Travellers' Rest," Carmarthen. Plans and Specification may be seen on application to the undersigned. Sealed Tenders to be sent to Mr John Francis, Land A Carmarthen, on or before Saturday, 31st inst. The lowest or auy Tender will not necessarily be accepted. qeqRGE MORGAN & SON, Architects. Carmarthen, Jan. 13th, 1891. [523 A CARD. C. MORGAN, M.R.C.V.S., L, VETERINA R Y SURGEON, 13, King-street, Carmarthen. [5 BANN WHISKEY. TXT"HERE really pure and matured Irish Whiskey VV of the old-fashioned type is desired, there is no Whiskey (at a reasonable price) to approach BANN and if constant Good Quality be borne in mind, there is no better at any price. BANN WHISKEY-one quality only- THE BEST. JAMES WILSON & SON, Ltd., Belfast. AGENTS FOR CARMARTHEN— BRIGSTOCKE & SON, 54, KING STREET. Price, 45s. per dozen, less 3s. per dozen allowance for cash payments. [533 50 PRIZE COMPETITIONS FOR. Is. 6d. SEXD postal order for Is. 6d. (or 19 stamps) for a year a subscription to the Prize Competition Record, published monthly, ard become entitled to enter, free of charge, 50 Prize Competitions, with cash prizes ranging from 2100. This is a genuine offer.-Address, The Prize Competition Association, 4, South Parade, Oakfield-road, Clifton, Bristol." [528. GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. CARMARTHEN RACES. ON WEDNESDAY and THURSDAY, FEB. 4th and 5th, CHEAP DAY EXCURSION TICKETS will be issued to CARMARTHEN from SWANSEA and intermediate Stations to Ferryside inclusive, and from LLANDYSSIL and intermediate Stations to Conwil inclusive, and to SARNAU from NEW MILFORD, Milford, and intermediate Stations to WHITLAND inclusive, from PEMBROKE DOCK and intermediate Stations to Narberth inclu- sive, and from CARDIGAN and intermediate Stations to Llanfallteg inclusive. For full particulars see bills. 543] HY. LAMBERT, General Manager. IN THE GOODS OF JOHN WADDINGHAM ESQ. (DECEASED). PURSUANT to the Statute 22 and 23 Vict., cap. JL 35, intituled An Act to further Amend the Law of Real Property and to relieve Trustees." Notice is hereby given, that all persons having any claim or demand upon or against the Estate of JOHN WADDING- HAM, late of Guiting Grange, in the county of Glouces- ter, and of Hafod, in the county of Cardigan, Esquire, deceased (who died on the 26th day of August, 1890, and whose Will was proved in the District Registry at "Gloucester of the Probate Division of her Majesty's High Court of Justice, on the 17th day of December, 1890, by WILLIAM WIGGIN, of Hampnett Rectory, in the county of Gloucester, and WILLIAM WOODHAM BEST, of Leeds, in the county of York, the Executors therein named), are hereby required to send the particulars of such claims or demands to us, the under- signed Solicitors for the Executors, on or before the 21st day of March, 1891, after the expiration of which time the said Executors will proceed to distribute the Assets of the said deceased among the parties entitled thereto, having regard only to the claims and demands of which they shall then have received Notice; and that the said Executors will not be liable for all or any part of the said Assets to any person of whose claim or demand they shall not have received such notices as aforesaid. Dated this 24th day of January, 1891. RAWSON, BEST & SON, 2, Park Row, Leeds, 540] Solicitors for the said Executors. TO BE LET. ri^O LET, Drapery and Outfitting. The old JL established Shop, Golden Key, Llandilo. — Apply to Mrs Da vies. [542 rno LET, furnished APARTMENTS, within 2 A miles of Carmarthen.—Apply to Z., care of Mrs Jones, Bronwydd Arms, Carmarthen. [536 rpO BE LET on lease, a very commodious Site for I a Factory, with an excellent supply of water from two rivers, Gran and Gwen, situated close to Pencader Station, and a most convenient place to have a siding. —For further particulars apply to Mrs Evans, Cwm- gwen Hall, Pencader, Carmarthen. [521 WANTED. WANTED, a respectable YOUTH as an Appren- tice to Outfitting and Gents' Mercery. Apply to F. Gladwin, Bridgend. [525 PERSONAL. "A" r- "-r" HOPE you will explain all to me, am anxious to know what is the matter. My patience, like yours, is almost exhausted; have tried to forget, but cannot. If you like could arrange meeting talk it over. Always the same, faithful to my promise. Amia." [538 SALES BY AUCTION. CARMARTHENSHIRE. MR. JOHN FRANCIS is instructed to SELL by AUCTION, at the Ivy Bush Royal Hotel, Car- marthen, at 2 p.m., on Saturday, the 31st day of January, 1891, in lots, that very valuable Copyhold Farm called DRENEWYDD," situate in the parish of Llanfihan^el-ar-Arth, within a mile of Pencader Rail- way Station, containing about 36 acres of Pasture Land. Further information may be obtained of Mr John Francis, Land Agent, Valuer, and Surveyor, Carmar- then Mr W. Morgan Griffiths, solicitor, Carmarthen Mr D. Long Price, solicitor, Talley, Llandilo; or of I MR. JAMES JOHN, Solicitor, Carmarthen.
MR CHAMBERLAIN. Mr Chamberlain, in a lively speech at Birmingham on Tuesday night, alluded to the way in which the Gladstonians had found it necessary to enlarge their programme of n Z5 practical politics, and to talk of a new Reform Bill. He called attention to the one man, one vote cry, which they had lately placed before the country, and said that the Unionist Party need not look upon a Reform Bill with the slightest apprehension, but that if they did have one they would see that it was a real one-not merely to remedy the small anomaly of the plural vote—but to remedy the extra- ordinary disproportion of representation which allows to Ireland for the same population, nearly double the number of members that are given to England. This is a subject which should be well pondered over by all thoughtful meD, If the Irish members were reduced to their proper proportion a great difficulty of the Irish question would disappear they would lose much of their importance, if instead of about 103 repre- sentatives, they numbered 60, and a re- arrangement of seats according to population ZD would give Ulster a greater share than they now enjoy, but which they are entitled to. The question of illiterates should also be taken up. It is an astonishing fact that at the 1885 election in South Donegal, us many illiterates polled as in the whole of Scotland, md a quarter of the whole number of Irish voters was returned as illiterate. The London corref pondent of the Western Mail gives an explanation which may account for it. He is informed that after sertice on the Sunday preceding an election, the priests have had a black board put up with a copy of the ballot paper written on it. People were then exercised in the art of voting for the candidate supported by the priests, If the voter did not succeed in making his cross correctly against the proper name at the first attempt, he was ordered to stand down and vote as illiterate. Mr Chamberlain amusinglyalluded thattheonly coercion required now in Ireland is in order to save Mr Parnell and Mr Healy from having their heads broken by their indiscreetpartisaus. Mr Balfour must smile when he thinks that it was only his 11 bloody minions prevented Mr Tim Healy from being tarred and feathered in the streets of Dublin, and an infuriated crowd from rushing and lynchinghim after the election at Kilkenny; when he remembers that it was only through them that Mr McCarthy and the anti-Parnellites were able to hold a meeting at all in Cork-for notwith- standing the black thorns of their friends, they got so alarmed at last that they applied for 0 0 police protection, and were only safe-guarded by a hundred policemen guarding on either side the way to the Hall. Mr Chamberlain ended by saying that he hoped that if the deliberate and persistent obstruction of late sessions were piactised again the Govern- ment would appeal to the constituencies, placing their programme before them and asking whether Ireland should eternally block the way. He appealed to all who cared for the Union to unite shoulder to shoulder, and to be deaf to faction. Give your votes, your voice Where honour bids, where reason guides your choice To one high thought let all your labour tend, And be your country's good your one great end."
MR. PARNELL'S LATEST. Mr Parnell has held his third Sunday mass meeting at Waterford, where he was received with the greatest enthusiasm, and paraded the town with a procession following him of about a mile in length. The crowds that came to hear him were enormous, and be had no less than fifteen addresses presented to him by different bodies in the town and neighbour- hood. The mayor and aldermen received him, and barrels of burning tar were burnt in his honour. The Daily News, in its uncon- cealed chagrin, says it is quite unimportant what he does, and that it only feels very faint interest in him, as he is no longer leader, or has anything to do with the Home Rule Party. We must confess we have never read a speech less like that of a deposed and beaten man. He gave his ultimatum to Mr Glad- stone, promising to retire if he would guarantee the control of the police, the judi- ciary, and the settlement of the land question to an Home Rule Parliament, but that, unless he had distinct pledges to this effect, he would fight on. He expressed utter distrust of Mr Gladstone, and said, Perhaps I have been too soft and amiable to the Grand Old Man. I am sorry for it, but I will promise never to trangress in this way again," amidst the cheers and laughter of his hearers, and then went on to point out how utterly the Gladstonian Party were at the mercy of the Irish votes. "What can they do without us at the next election 1" he triumphantly asked. They cannot go in for coercion now, and must come to us, whether they like it or not." He dwelt upon the unpalatable truth that it was the Gladstonians who had gone over to them, and not the Irish to the Gladstonians and he was right. Nothing is more remarkable in the miserable history of the Union of Hearts than the way in which the Gladstonians, step by step, and most unwillingly at the begin- ning, have been coerced into apologising, then into condoning, and, finally, into palliating, and even defending the boycotting, the inti- midation, the violence, and the robbery of the Plan of Campaign which, five years ago, they all agreed in condemning. Mr Balfour has protected the weak and oppressed, and by the strength of his administration has restored a peace and prosperity to Ireland unknown for the last ten years, but not one Gladstonian member has spoken a word in behalf of the wretched victims of the National League. Admitting that much may be urged in favour of Home Rule, what was there to prevent the Gladstonians from saying to the Parnellites, We consider your cause just, and sympathise with your wishes, but till you can show us hands clean of innocent blood and unholy pelf, we will have absolutely nothing to do with you. We care not how many years we remain in the cold shade of opposition. No end justifies the means, and if your heaven is to be only gained by paying a toll to the devil, we prefer remaining outside." If they had done this, how would they have stood now ? The 100 Unionist members' votes would have been theirs in place of 50 anti-Parnellites. They would have retained the respect of foes as well as friends, and if fortune had given them a majority over the Conservatives at the polls they could have agreed with their adver- saries not to allow any Irish votes to be a reason for the resignation ofa ministry. This is an arrangement which has been carried out in France, where the Cabinets are to resign only when Republicans are beaten by Republicans, and not by a conjunction of other parties, such as Royalists and Buonapartists with one or the other side. It seems a promising fashion of neutralising the mischief of the I' Irish vote. I
ABERYSTWYTH ABSURDITIES. Considerable amusement may be derived from the views of social life expressed by people who live in small towns. The condi- tions of life that exist in these places are such as give rise to peculiar feelings which, while they aggravate the self-importance of the individual, confer on him no sense of his own absurdity. Aberystwyth has been much vexed by the social question, and has rushed to the local papers for comfort. The blank despair of social destitution rose up like a great chaos in :hc brain of the would-be reformer he saw a iearth that threatened his country, and up- lifted his prophetic voice in woe and warning. With what result ? The newspaper man straightened his back, and frowned as lie said, This is my work I will remedy all this. A hundred pens shall be unsheathed at my word. I myself will write such stinging leaders that the world shall stand and gaze like Joshua's moon. Society shall tremble." Thus do men make fools of themselves. But there is a serious side to all questions, which must be considered. It is said that there are always people struggling to get a footing in n t5 society. Unfortunately, society abominates struggle, and is not to be won by impetuosity of attack. Society may be dull, it may be rotten, but that is the fact; it is taken at the point of least resistance, and the knock to which its doors are opened is given quietly. After all, social status is not regulated so much by considerations of prestige as by conve- nience; and we would remind our Aberyst- wyth friends that the existence of different coteries and conditions is essential to corporate social life, and esoteric circles, and that abominable word cliques are unavoidable. I Such conditions are not only necessary, but they are wholesome, and only the small mind finds superiority in one circle and inferiority in another. Unfortunately, the small mind is often predominant. Let us take the class which has been labelled Aristocracy." They associate, keep carriages and horses, hunt and dance, play tennis, and eat dinners together, and more or less apart from the other classes. Then the shopkeepers and tradesmen have their social gatherings, festivities and cere- monies, holidays and peculiar class observances, honourable and characteristic of the class. So, too, with the shop boys and servant girls, the professionals, and farmers, each have their own mode of social life. Now to separate one class, and call it nobler or more desirable than the other, is to confess one's own inferiority, and shows a most pitiful ambition in the f fool that uses it," while it serves but to distin- guish the class. Let us remembel,they are all good, they are all convenient; one circle is no better than another, except where the graces of life are in more abundance. And if this circle keeps different hours to that, if they follow different pursuits, have different ideas, and possess different means, it is not for us to find fault. Such a condition is merely the outcome of convenience, and is so because so it works best. There are natural drawbacks to any other method, and these, together with conventional facilities, are the causes which have created the present forms of society. It is well that the classes should meet, as they do occasionally, for iron sharpeneth iron, but until the fundamental laws of supply and demand are abrogated, until the properties and talents of humanity are reduced to a dead level, there can be no universal society that shall contain all the elements of social con- cord. Such may be the ultimate condition which the visionary thaumaturge hopes to produce out of his own 11 intense inane," but in our opinion such a condition is not evolved the sooner for empiric nostrums and con- temptuous writing, even if it were desirable. We look at the conditions as they exist, and would advise any would-be reformer not to forget that charity is a force that should not be overlooked if he will succeed in his object. This is our view of the question. What are known as county people associate together because they find it pleasant and convenient to do so. They keep carriages and horses to reduce the difficulties of being apart, and for pleasure and profit. There is no merit in keeping horses and carriages; it is merely convenient. Tradesmen and professionals, perhaps, do not, neither is there merit in that; it is merely a fact, a condition. So these visit those who are similarly situated to themselves, and controlled by the same needs and capabili- ties. They all are the creatures of circum- stance. As we are kin, let us regard each other in kindness. Each has his class, and rung by rung the ladder is made. One rung is no better than another, and which ever way the ladder is placed, the rungs must be always there. The classes are essentially equal, and t be who calls one higher than another merely proclaims his own inferiority, for to him who thinks it high it is high. There have been social beginnings ever since the world began; there have been social endings, as long as there has been social life; but let us never forget that there are social sores far more fatal than class conceit and Aberystwyth absurdities, and let us devote our energies to heal these while we leave the others to foolish quacks.
LLANDILO SCHOOL BOARD J ELECTION. The result of the last triennial election of this Board, as reported in another column, cannot but be gratifying to the Conservatives of the district. They succeeded in putting their three candidates on the Board. The Right Honorable Lord Dynevor ran third on the list. His Lordship headed the poll by a very considerable majority in and around Llandilo, and it was only reduced by the voters in the most distant parts of the School Board area. Mr Herbert Peel and Major Thomas polled remarkably well, while their political opponent, Mr Gwynne Hughes, who was second 1* on the list in 1888, met this year with an abrupt fall, and was defeated. We regret the Radical Party have been so ungenerous to one of their best friends, and believe the interests of the Board would have been better served had Mr Hughes been returned instead of some of their other pets. But our opponents are blind to personal qualifications and experience even in their own men. They care but little about the proper and effectual discharge of the duties of members as long as they can place their particular horses in harness. We understand that some of the most intelligent members of the Tabernacle Chapel at Llandilo have been so disgusted with the treatment accorded Mr Hughes, that they have severed their con- nection with that body, and have gone ever to the Church, worshipping for the first time at St. Teilo's last Sunday. Much hostility was shown by the Nonconformists of Cwmamman against the candidature of Mr J. B. Morris, who had left their communion and joined that of the Church. Every effort was made to defeat him, but so firmly rooted he was that he not only ran fifth, but polled 400 more votes than in 1888. We regret Mr Ivor Morris was unsuccessful. We believe he would ba an acquisition to the Board, as he is well conversant with the wants aud wishes