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THE TROPES OF RHETORIC. --

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THE TROPES OF RHETORIC. The following is culled from a lady's school book of the sixties, and, apart from its qualities M a literary piece, is a good example of the boarding school education (lur motben received. It is extremely interesting, but may well be called "heavy," when judged by modern standard. It is dyled:- THE TROPES OF RHETORIC. A Trope despotic power o'er language shows, And hence on words a novel tense bestoa a God is a Hock, and shields his saints from ill, Herod a fox, crafty and cruel still. Pure Metaphor compares without a lign- The star of virtue shall for ever shine. An Allegory in a lengthened chain Will the re-doubling metaphor detain. A vine was rescued by the Almighty's hand From Egypt's waste, and placed in Cauaau's laud Fenced round by heaven, the fruitful branches grew, ooed thejfwarm sun, and drank the ealiveniag I dew. But now the trampling bull and hungry boar Wild from the wood have all its branches tore. Fence, clusters, bough, one gon'ral i uiu share, And fire consumes what savage monitors spare. Look then, relenting Heaven, on this Thy vine, And let thy guardian care attest it thine. A Metonymy will, for kindreds take, The nglnie of one thing for another take. Causes, effects, ititents-his eiii A ill iind The ailJner out-remorls will rack his mind. Effects the cause denote-pals Death destr 78 The thoughtless youth, and withers all his joys. Subject* for adjuncts stand—friends take the cup, And thankful for its blessings drink it up. Adjuncts-the subjects mean-we oft despise Virtue alive, but wail it when it dies. A Metalepms throegsd with tropes appears. The spikes of corn denote the golden ears, The ears the crop, the erep the summer means. Summer the. year in all its varied seems. Antonomasia for a common name Bestows a proper: He in virtueas fame Is quite arSeetetea. On the other Want The common for a proper name may stand The thunder of the orator controls The Senates will, and vanquishes their soul. Synecdoche our style diversifies, For at her call unnambered beautiee rise. The whole impliee apart-the silver Tham-s, Eager we. drank, and quenched ear raging flames. A part denotes therwhole-—our chwf o'ertaraw And crushed the Gallic foe at Waterloo An irony in soft mellifluent phrase Inflicts with pointed sting deserved disgrace Ye are the men of all mankind most wise And doubtless when ye die all wisdom dieg. Sarcasm is caustic irony's excess ELiug of the Jews who smote thee new profess. To thee we bow the knee and fear the frown And hail thy sceptre, reed and thorny crown. Byperbo 'e beyond plain faet will s< ar— Or tall as short as it surpassed before. Observe it rising—yon tail mountain shrouds Its crest in heaven and overlooks the cloads Beheld it sinking—why should mortals boast Weak atoms of an atom mould at most A Ccitachresis through mere lack of ords > Or for the charm that novelty affords So boldly breaks expression's guarded fence That oft the reader pauses for the se. se For me the wheat's fat kidneys crowns he plius, Mine is the blood the mellow grape contains.

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YR AELWYD GYMUEIG.

BlilTJLSH METHODISM.

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