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'1_**'— - WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA.

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DECISIVE VICTORY IN TIIF,…

CHILD MURDER BY BABY-FArtMERS.

THE NATIONAL GALLERY OF BRITISH…

I I ONLY ONE SOUTH AFRICA.

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CUllKiflJT SPORT.

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WAR PHOTOGRAPHS TO ORDER.…

i DISPUTING THE CLAIMS OF…

ABOUT SHORT-SIGHTED PEOPLE.…

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ABOUT SHORT-SIGHTED PEOPLE. It is evident, to anyone who has given the subject any attention whatever, that the number of persons who are corrected for hypermetropia is greater than the number of those who are corrected for- myepir. There are probably, however (says the Optician), many more near-sighted people going without glasses than there are far-siglitedi And this for a very simple reason; the hypermetrope is almost unable to use his eyes at all; he has difficulty, more or less pronounced, in using his eyes at a distance, while for reading they are almost useless. Add to this the constant strain on the ciliary muscle, caused by its struggle to overcome, by means of the accommodation, what is amiss in the refrac- tive system of the eye, and you will readily see why hypermetropes are so very apt to notice the defects of their eyes, and why they usually experience such great relief when fitted with the proper glasses. Myopes, on the contrary (we arA speaking of cases where the defect is not extremely marked), are able to read with tolerable ease; they do not see well at a distance, it is true; but, never having experienced anything better, they do not feel the need of absolute sharpness in view:ng remote objects, and as in cases of this kind there is none of the agonising struggle of the acco- modation which exists in hypermetropia, the patient frequently blunders along for years, never suspecting that his eyes need any attention at all. In this class are to be placed most of the old people who pride themselves on their strong eyes," because they reach an advanced age without being obliged to have recourse to glasses for reading; whereas in most cases it is the very defect of the eye in early years (namely, a slight and unnoticed myopia) which neutralises, as it were, the failing of the eyes in the opposite direction as old age advances. Now the indistinctness of v'sion caused by myopia is due to the fact that the rays of light. come to a focus before they reach the retina that is, the globe of the eye is too long in proportion to its re- fractive power. And for this reason myopia, when not corrected by the proper lenses, reacts on itself, as it were, and the very fact that a person is near- sighted tends to make him still more so. For the near-sighted person must hold his work or reading close to tbp eyes in consequence of this, the eyes must converge very strongly, in order that they may both focus on such a near point. This causes a stretching of the back of the eye-the eye-ball becomes elongated—and the moypia is further increased. One of the commonest charac- teristics of a myopic person is the pressing together of the eyelids, which, by narrowing the aperture of the pupil, increases the sharpness of the image. But this pressure has at the same time the effect of forcing the contents of the eye-ball back against tlle rear wall of the eye, thus, in the course of time, fending to lengthen the diameter of the eye. Again, the myope, wearying of holding his book so close to his face, is apt to lay it flat on the table, and leaning his head on his hands, to look down on the page. Then the weight of the eye rests on the front wall of the eye-ball, and again the tendency is to be elongate the distance between the cornea and the retina. This being the case, it is evident that it is of the greatest importance that myopes should be fitted with proper glasses at the very commencement of their trouble.

THE ARMAMENT OF A. BATTLESHIP.

CONCERNING CRICKET.

SIR W. MACCORMAC AT SEDAN.

THE CHITRAL GARRISON.

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IDISCOVERY AT THE FORUM.I

" CORNER " IN CATS.

AMERICAN MINERAL WEALTH.

SALVATIONIST NURSES FOR THE…

FROM JOHANNESBURG TO DURBAN.

..t FAMINE IN BRITISH EAST…

!AUTOMOBILISM IN ENGLAND.I

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HOW THE WOUNDED ARE TENDED;

,STARTLING DISCOVERY.

NIGER COAST EXPEDITION.

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