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ART AND LITERATURE. A HUGARIAN linguist, Dr. Anton Yelics, who ifl already known as the aathor of several translatiotl8 from the Chinese, Japanese, Turkish, and othec Eastern languages, has just published (says the Vienna correspondent of the Standard) a volume in Hungarian, and is preparing a translation cf it into German, in which he undertakes to prove the astonishing theory that the Altaic, Indo-Germanic, Semitic, and Hamitic groups of languages, and, in fact, the vocabulary of all the existing nations throughout the entire globe rest on a basis of between two or three hundred ancient Chinese roots, some of which can only now be found in the Japanese, as they are lost in China. The author invites philolo- gists of all nations to scrutinise his discovery. THERE are some extremely interesting critical esti- mates of living writers in the last instalment of The Letters of Robert Louis Stevenson." in the Scribner's Magazine. Of his friend Henley. Steven- son writes that he is glad to htoar Hemey's pro- spects are fair; his new volume is the work of reul poet. There is perhaps no more genuine poet living, bar the Big Guns." Of the author of the "Recessional," he says "Kipling is by far the most promising young man who had appeared since— ahem-l appeared. He amazes me by his percocity and various endowment. But he alarms me by his copiousness and haste. Certainly Kipling haa the gifts the fairy godmothers were all tipsy at his christening; what will he do with them?" To J. M, Barrie, whose genius he sincerely admired. Stevenson wrote Jess is beyond my frontier line; I could not touch his skirt; I had no such glamour of twilight on my pen. I am a capable artist, but it begins to look to me as if you were a man of genius. Taka care of yourself for my sake." AN urgent appeal is being sent out on behalf ot Miss Dora Russell, who is in need of financial help. Miss Russell has been known for more than 30 years as a prolific and popular writer of fiction for rb& newspapers. After a period of severe illness she has quite broken down in health, and it is feared that it will be impossible for her to resume work. A number of influential people, amongst whom are Archdeacon Sinclair, Miss Marie Corelli, and John Strange Winter, have given their support to the petition. THE death is announced of the Rev. Charle8 Mackeson, universally known as the compiler ot "Mackeson's Guide" to the London churches, and the editor for many years of the authorised Hand- book" to the Church Congress. Mr. Mackeson, in his younger days, was a clerk in the Admiralty, and took holy orders only when be had reached middle life. He was ordained in 1885, and appointed to the charge of the Mission Church of the Good Shep- herd in an outlying district of St. Pancras, not fae from Hampstead-heath. In circumstances of mucb difficulty he gathered a congregation, and succeeded in building a permanent church, which is now known as All Hallows with St. Silas. Mr. Mackeson has long been in a declining state of health. By the generosity of Baron de Ferrieres, the late member for the borough, Cheltenham has (says the Globe) acquired an important addition to its local attractions. A new art gallery has been built by the Baron, and, with a collection of some 40 pictures, chiefly by Dutch and Belgian artists, has been pre- sented by him to the town. The gallery adjoins the Public Library and School of Art. and completes very suitably a block of buildings devoted to educa- tional purposes. Tne possescioa of such an institution gives Cheltenham a very considerably advantage over other towns of the same type— what William Morris used to call lounger towns —and puts it among the places which deserYe credit tor their recognition of artistic activity. It is certainly a matter for regret that most of the pleasure resorts in this country should only take the smallest possible interest in art matters, and should be utterly indifferent to the claims of aestheticism as a factor in education. Many of the Larger towns which lay themselves out to attract people of refinement and taste do not possess even the most rudimentary facilities for the display of works of art, and regard any encouragement of art effort as waste of money and energy. But eventually this stupid policy cannot fail to stamp the places which adhere to it as out of date and ignorant of the necessity for progress and they will be left behind in the race by more enlightened competitors. It is hardly too much to sry that in every important centre of population r. gillery should be considered to be as indispensable as i. school of art. Ma. LmcKY, whose la e t V ok is quoted a good deal by the opponents or the present war, has himself married a Dutch lady, and a very cultured and clever one too. Mrs. Lecky's fat her was Baron de Dedemr a lieutenant-general in the Dutch service. THE sale of the art collection of the late Dr. Schu- bart, which took place las- week at Munich, has been productive of rather curious results. The great majority of the pictures were viewed askance by English experts, aDd few purchase e were made by buyers in this country. But the German bidding seems to have been recklessly lavish. An indifferent head of a man by Rembrandt fetched £1550 a questionable Watteau £1150, and canvases ascribed to Gerard Dow and A. Van der Neer £1750 and £2050 respectively. A school picture set down to Rubens, a portion apparently of a larger work, brought as much as £5300. Most astonishing, however (the Globe con- siders) was the purchase of a landscape, said to he by Hobbema, for the Dresden Gallery. This picture was, at best, a very unconvincing example of the master, and was considered by many judges to be of more than doubtful authenticity, yet it was acquired for a national collection for the sum of £4300. too much for a work capable of being questioned, and yet not enough for a picture sufficiently representa- tive to be worthy of a place in a gallery of master- pieces. The transaction altogether has caused not a little comment, and has made considerable stir in artistic circles. THE new edition of Gilbert "White's Selborne has an interesting introduction by the late Mf. Grant Allen. Very nicely Mr. Allen wrote: I con- fess I can never read a page or two of White with- out recalling to my mind those exguisite lines of Austin Dobson's, which sum up for us the ideal eighteenth century gentleman He liked the well-wheel's creaking tongue— He liked the thrush that stopped and sung— He liked the drone of flies among His netted peaches; He liked to watch the sunlight fall Athwart his ivied orchard wall; Or pause to catch the cuckoo's call Beyond the beeches. Mr. Dobson is an exquisite painter of the eighteent oentury English gentleman. THE Irish Literary Society intends (sayi the Ecltø) to open the new year with a series of what might be called lectures on the century. They will be delivered in February, March, April, and May M follows: A Hundred Years of Irish Journalism. A Hundred Years of Irish History. A Hundred Years of Irish Song and Story. A Hundred Years of Irish Wit and Humour. And the respective lecturers will be Mr. Justin McCarthy, Mr. Barry O'Brien, Mr. T. W. Rolleston, and Mr. R. Ashe-King. BY the sudden death of Sir Arthur Blomfield British architecture loses one of its ablest and most admirable exponents. During his long and busy professional life he played a part of very real importance; and by the soundness of his artistic instinct and by the refinement of his taste he exer- cised a very valuable influence upon the men of hi8 time. He had a true appreciation of the charm of Gothic architecture, and, with some notable excep- tions, his best works were those in which he showed his intimate knowledge of this style. His death is a great shock to everyone who knew him, for, although he had reached the age of 70 years, he showed no sign of failing vitality, and was to all appearance in the enjoyment of health more robust han many men far younger can boast. PROFESSOR THBODOR MOMMSEN, who is now 82 years of age, has just (says the Berlin correspondent of the Standard) brought out a monumental work on Roman Criminal Law. It is a large octavo volume of 1078 pages. In his preface, which is dated Char- lottenburg, August 29,1898, the author observes that authorities on law, historians, and philologists, agree that the want of a book on Roman Criminal Law is ft in the scientific world. He writes: "It is my wish, and, to a certain degree, my hope, that this book J will fill the oft-felt gap." He takes criminal law and criminal proceedings together, for criminal law without criminal proceedings is the haft of a knife without the blade, and criminal proceedings without criminal jaw is like a blade without a haft." The task which Professor Mommsen had set himself was to follow up to a certain extent the development of Roman Law through a thousand years. In his book details are, as far as possible, passed over, and casuistical explanations are not reproduced. The author has endeavoured to settle matter* to a certain extent as far as ancient authori- ties are concerned, but he has found it impossible to do the same with the later literature of the subject. JBie work is divided into chapters on the nature and limits of criminal law, criminal authorities, criminal procedure, individual crimes, and punishments. It II dedicated to the Juridical Faculty of the Berl; University by an Old Colleague."

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