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GREATER BRITAIN. — i A TELEGRAM from Allahabad states that Colonel Polosos aivl Captain Sniessareff, two Russian officers^ have reached Simla overland from the Pamirs by way of Gilgit. TIIK official plague report records that last week the total number of deaths fell from 5806 to 5156. Of these Bombay City had 101, Karachi 3, Bombay Presidency 4427, and Calcutta 47. No change has occurred at Madras, Mysore, or the Central Province, but the plague is said to be raging in the Hyderabad Districts. THE Indian Government are about to establish research laboratories under health officers in Calcutta, Madras, Bombay, Agra, and Lahore. The existing laboratory at Muktesar is to be extended, and become tho central one for all India. THE second city of the British Empire in size is Calcutta. MAJOR C. C. TOWNSESD, R.A., maintain" in the Ni?.ieteentk Century that if India is to advance in the next century it must be in manufacture rather than agriculture. For manufactures, and in default of coal, electricity will be obtained from waterfalls. Three big schemes are under consideration firstly, the utilisation of a fall in Cashmere; secondly, of the great Silva Samundrum Falls on the Cauvery, for the Kolar goldfields, &c.; and, thirdly, of the Nerbudda Falls near Jubbulpore, for the proposed ordnance factory there. There are many great falls in Central and Southern India, as well as in the Himalayas, and rivers or canals might also be utilised in this way. TESTS—tensile and crushing—were recently made in Bombay to ascertain the relative strengths of karri wood and teak. They resulted in favour of karri, It was also found that the cost of beams of karri would be rather less than rolled stsal beams, while teak would be rather more, and that a solid timber beam 12in. by 16in. would make a more fire- proof floor than light rolled beams. COMPRESSED peat is made at Stratford, Ontario. Canada. The peat cut from a moss there, is driecJ; pulverised, sifted, and compressed into cylinders three inches long, and about as dense as anthracite. Tested as fuel in locomotives, 1001b. are equivalent to 951b. of coal. The cost of manufacture is 60 cents a ton. There are a millon acres of peat bog ïa- Ontario alone, and there are, doubtless, vast beds ïa the north-west. Some years ago the value of peat fuel for producing electricity was pointed out in tie Nineteenth Century, and we may expect its utilisation in this way before many years. A NEW electric fog-alarm has been invented by Canadian electrical engineer. The description is 90 follows: A naphtha engine supplies the motive power to a dynamo that furnishes the electric current, by means of which three pairs of electro- magnets operate half-a-dozen clappers that striktt against, a large gong with a frequency of about 36,000 strokes a minutes, producing an almost con* tinuous sound. Its effectiveness is enhanced by mechanism somewhat on the principle of a mega* phone, by means of which the sound is not only in* tensified. but thrown in the required direction. A model of this fog-alarm was not long ago tested it Ottawa, and although it was comparatively a small affair, its sound was easily heard to a distance of two miles. The sound of the completed machine will be—it is thought—distinguishable at a distance of 15 miles. THE Ontario Cabinet has been reconstructed, with the Hon. G, W. Ross as Premier and Treasurer. THE following amusing comparison between Dewey and Nelson appears in the New Brunswick SttiK When we come to compare the hero of Trafalgar with the hero of Manila we see at once the superiority of the live admiral over the one who rests in St. Paul's Cathedral. Admiral Dewey may be described as a neat fighter. Be knows how to take care of his ships, his men, and himself. His cruisers camo out of the great Manila sear fight all clean and nicew Nelson's ships after Trafalgar were much battered and bruised. Their decks were covered with blood and bodies and broken things. For it must be ad* mitted that Nelson was an imprudent fighter. In- stead of operating at a distance of two-and-a-half miles he took his ships so close to the hostile fleoti that the rigging touched, and so did the guns and the men. i So it happened that while Dewey fought his great battle without losing a man, Nelson bad some 2000 killed and wounded at Trafalgar, and perhaps half as many in the Battle of the Nile. All- these lives would have been saved if Nelson had re- mained a few miles from the French fleet, and there would not have been nearly so much of a mess on the deck. Nelson was himself a victim to this care- lessness. At Aboukir hit was. wounded in the head, and someohe else had to wind up the fight for him. He fared still worse at Trafalgar, for he was shot there by a man with a musket. This shot was at close range. Probably the distance of a bare 100 yards would have saved Nelson's life and enabled him to take part in a popular demonstration in honour of his victory. This is where Dewey has the advantage over Nelson. Not only has Dewey saved all his men, including him- self, but he so organised his sea fight an not to interfere with the regularity of meals on board ship. Nelson never thought of that. He- perhaps had some rum served before the action, but history does not record that when the fight was on he ever paid the slightest attention to meal-time. Admiral Dewey, after two hours of his marine pro- menade, remembered that the breakfast hour had rrived, land moved off to a retired place for a quiet meal. With such a commander there is no danger of a man-of-war's crew going on strike for shorter hours in the middle of an important battle. Now, we have looked carefully over the record of Lord Nelson's battle; Tqefwere undoubtedly great fights, of the rough, rude, and dangerous sort that prevailed in his day. But we regret to find no proof that he ever so far remembered his duty to himself and hit men as to adjourn a sea-fight fer breakfast. > ADVICES from various fruitsections of the province of Nova Scotia estimate the apple yield of that pro- vince at 90 per cent. of a full crop, and the second largest on record. MOTOR cars, it appears, are at present an impossi- bility in Queensland, there being no law under which they can move about. On an applicatioa being made to the Brisbane City Council for per- mission to run horseless vehicles on the public 'streets, the city solicitors reported that until the law was altered the Council could not grant permission, statibg, however, that their sympathy was with the moviement, they, believing it would be for the benefit of the citizens to have self-propelled vehicles. FROM Sydney, New South Wales, comes a poena which has evidently heen inspired by the departure of the Australian contingents., It is entitled "A Family Matter," and here is a specimen verse: Come my hearties—work will stands- Here's your mother calling; < Wants us all to lend a hand, And go out Uncle Pauling. Catch yer nags and saddle slick! Quick to join the banners! Folks that treat the family thick, Must be taught their manners."







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