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INDIA'S TROUBLES. AMEER'S SUBJECTS FIGHTING WITH THE FANATICS. MASSING OF BRITISH TROOPS ON THE FRONTIER. In view of the concentration on the Nortli- Western frontier of reserves of great strongth, mili- tary activity is very general in India. Troops from distant cantonments are on the move to variom points on the northern border, and the railways are very busy transporting them. A large number of officers are under orders to return to their regiments. All leave has been stopped in the Indian Medical Service, and 21 medicai officers have been recalled from furlough borne. Regarding Afghan intrigue, it is generally recog- nised that the raid near Peshawur was entirely due to the action of the notorious Mullah of Haddn. He did his best to create trouble during the Chitral campaign, but the Mullah lives in the Mohmand country, which is subject to the Ameer of Afghanistan, and he is known to have had intimate relations with the Ameer s General, Gholan Haidar Khan, at Jellalabad. His raid on Shabkadar was doubtless designed to serve as a diversion in favour of the Swatis. The fanatical priest's proclamations, summoning all the tribes along the border to join the jehad, were circulated broadcast in Bajaur, Swat, the Black Mountain, Indus, Kohistan, and Khyber districts, and among the Afridis and Orakzais. The local Afghan officials are said to have assisted in passing on these proclamations. Much of the unrest on the frontier was likewise due to the preaching of itinerant Mullahs, who have been expatiating on the successes of the Turk in Europe, the coming millennium of Islam, and the necessitv for entering upon a jehad forthwith. A feeling exists among the tribes that a rising will be welcome to the ruler of Afghanistan, and there is little doubt that the Hadda Mullah, in the attack upon Shabkadar, had with him a considerable num- ber of men who are the Ameer's subjects. A rumour has, indeed, been current that the men fighting against the British at Shabkadar were the Ameer's Sepoys in mufti. Abdurrahman will doubtless disclaim all responsi- bility, but a mere disclaimer will scarcely satisfy the Government of India, in view of the attitude of his Highness of late. It is felt here that the Ameer, with his missions to Constantinople, his reception of the Turkish Envoy, his constant reminders to his people to prepare for a Jehad, his distribution broadcast of pamphlets which have served the Mullahs as admirable texts for their fanatical harangues, and, finally, his gifts of arms and ammunition to the frontier tribes, is drifting into dangerous waters, and the Indian Government doubt- less thinks it desirable to have an overwhelming force ready to hand, on the North-Western frontier, in order to minimise further troubles. Brigadier-Generals Westmacott and Yeatman- Biggs have been appointed to the command of the two new reserve brigades at Rawal Pindi. WOMEN AND CHILDREN SENT BACK FROM PESHAWUR. A telegram received in Bombay from Cherat states that sharp firing was heard in the direction of Fort Shabkadar on Saturday evening. The distance of the latter place from Peshawur is only 17 miles, and great excitement prevails in Peshawur city. The women and children at the Cherat cantonments have left for the Murree hills, north-east of Rawal Pindi. It is learnt at the India Office that nothing is known about the simultaneous withdrawal of the Ameer's agents from Calcutta, Bombay, Simla, and Karachi to Cabal, as reported in Bombay, but it is explained that the main function of the agents is commercial, and too much importance need not be attached to the news. At the same time it is clear from the news generally coming from the frontier that both Afghan subjects and officials are at least credited with having a share in the disturbances along a considerable part of the Ameer's frontier, and the Indian authorities are fully alive to the situation thus created. A number of army surgeons were ordered to India on Saturday morning. Nine surgeon-majors and turgeon-captains will leave immediately for Bombay. They are Surgeon-Majors F. W. Rogers, M. F. Kele- wald, H. Adey, D. P. Warliken, and Surgeon- Captains Mac Watt, Luard, Sarth, Hulbert, and Earle. A telegram received at the India Office states that Colonel Lumb is going on as well as can be ex- pected THE AMEER FRIENDLY TO INDIA. The Ameer of Afghanistan has issued a firman for- bidding his subjects to join the rebellions natives under the Hadda Mullah near Peshawar. The Afghan Governor of Khost has received orders from the Ameer to punish any Afghans who may again raid the camels of the Tochi punitive expedition. IN THE UPPER SWAT VALLEY. News from the Kohat border shows that no gatherings have yet taken place of the Orakzai tribe. It is believed that the excitement caused by the Mullah's preaching may flicker out. Sir Bindon Blood, with the 1st Brigade and three batteries of artillery, on Monday reached the con- fines of the Upper Swat Valley, where the tribesmen have not yet tendered their submission. The Musa- khel, whose villages he passed through on Sunday, submitted abjectly before the troops moved. A force composed of the Highland Light Infantry, a squadron of the 10th Bengal Lancers, and the 39th Garhwal Rifles, under General Wodehouse, has marched from Mardan to Rustam, where they are watching the southern Boner country. Subadar Gurmukh Singh, 14th Sikhs, of the Tochi field force, has been shot dead by a sepoy in the regiment who ran amok. The murderer was cap- tured after shooting at his comrades. The subadar was one of the finest native officers in the Indian Army. He was with the detachment of the 14th Sikhs which defended Chitral fort, and to his cool- ness and gallantry much of the success of that defence was due. The Government specially re- warded him for the services which he rendered on that occasion. THE CASUALTIES AT SHABKADR. The following telegram has been received at the India Office from the Viceroy "Simla.—Following is amended list of killed and wounded British troops action at Shabkadr, August 9: 51st Field Battery, R.A.—Captain Blacker, wounded severely. No. 10,529 Sergeant Wallman and No. 15,882 Sergeant Chase wounded slightly. Somersetshire Light Infantry, 1st Battalion.— Killed-No. 2173 Sergeant William White, No. 3734 Private Ernest Bisher, No. 3199 Private Thomas Atkins. Wounded severely.—Major Lumb, No. 1202 Sergeant Jesse Miles, Privates No. 3539 Henry Eyles, No. 3309 Charles Gleed, No. 1776 John Gatehouse, No. 1310 Thomas Walker, No. 3205 George Landford, No. 3520 William Barker. "Wounded slightly.—Lieutenant Eric Drummond, Privates No. 3327 Themas Trake, No. 2872 Albert Miles. 20th Bengal Infantry.-30 wounded severely in- stead of 20, as already reported.



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