Uniform with the Popular Edition of T "CASSELL'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND. Just Commenced, WEEKLY, price 6d. Our Own Country. An Illustrated Geographical and Historical Description of the Chief Places of Interest in Great Britain and Ireland. WITH ABOUT 1,200 Original Illustrations. Each Part contains 96 Quarto Pages; (To be completed in 22 Weekly Parts.) New and Enlarged Edition. PART 1 ready SEPT. 8, price 6d. The Queen's London (Dedicated by permission to Her Majesty the Queen), with nearly 500 Full-Page Pictures artistically reproduced from beautiful Photographs. This celebrated work will be enlarged by the "ddlllOn of Three Parts, in order that it may be fully lcpresentative of London and its Environs in the diamond Jubilee Year, and thus possess a permanent interest for all time. Part 1 of the New Issue will be exclusively devoted to portraying the scenes of Diamond Jubilee Day (June 22), so that a pictorial and descriptive record of this unique event may be ;)lac<rd within reach of all. (To be completed in 15 Weekly Parts. Entirely New and Important Work. In Monthly Parts, price (id. Sacred Art: The Bible Story Pictured by Eminent Modern Painters. L'he Work is edited by A. G. TEMPLE, F.S.A., the Director of the Art Gallery of the Corporation of London. Part 1 ready SEPT. 27. CHEAP SERIAL ISSUE In Monthly Parts, price 6d. Cathedrals, Abbeys, AND Churches of England and Wales. g £ srripiiin% Ijjistamal, pictorial. Edited by Prof. T. G. BONNEY, D.Sc., LLD., F.R.S. With about 400 ILLUSTRATIONS. PART 1 ready SEPT. 27. This Work, hitherto published in 30 Parts &t, 7d., will now be placed within reach of the public in 14 Parts at 6d. JUST COMMENCED. WEEKLY, 1d. The World of Adventure. Profusely Illustrated. The First Monthly Part of this work will contain 128 Pages, Large Tinted Presentation Plate, and Striking Coloured Plate as Frontispiece, and will be issued on Sept. 27, price 6d. JUST COMMENCED, WEEKLY, 6d. Familiar Garden Flowers. By SHIRLEY HIBBERD. With 200 Beautiful Coloured Plates By F. E. HULME, F.L.S., F.S.A. Headlong into the Ravine: a Scene at Waterloo," is the thrilling subject of the Large Pre- sentation Plate given with the First Number of the New Volume of CHUMS (viz. No. 259, price 1d.). Amongst the Special Attract ions of this Number are The Commencement of Two Stirring New Serials of extraordinary interest—viz., CLUTTERBUCK'S TREASURE: Neck and Neck for £100,000. By FRED WHISHAW, Author of "Boris the Bear-Hunter," &c. Illus- trated by PAUL HARDY. LINK UPON LINK: The Following-Up of a Chain of Mystery. By ROBERT OVER- TON, Author of "Friend or Fortune," &c. With Illustrations by A. MONRO. As well as A Big List of Money and other Prizes, including a Pneumatic Tired Safety, offered in very simple Competitions, Open to All. And The First of a New Series, mtitled- Up and Down Show-Land: Circus and Fair-Life of To-Day. With Special Photographic Illustrations. On and Off the Battle-Field: A Chat with General Sir ARCHIBALD ALISON, Bart., G.C.B. (With Portrait.) Three Complete Stories, Humorous and Adventurous. Should Fagging be Abolished ? Letters written by Celebrities to Chums." Large and Small Humorous Illustra- tions. Articles, Notes about Well-known People, Anecdotes, Jokes, &c. "Was She Justified?" A New Thrilling Serial Story of Present-Day Life. By FRANK BARRETT, Author of "An Angel in Black," "Fettered for Life," &c. &c., will commence in No. 729 of Cassell's Saturday Journal, Published on Wednesday, September 15, 1897 Forming the FIRST NUMBER of a NEW VOLUME. A^COLOU R ED^LATE l Is now given in each Monthly Part of f WORK. The Illustrated Journal for Mechanics. | Price 6d. Also published WEEKLY, price Id. • WEEKLY, MONTHLY, (id. BUILDING WORLD. An Illustrated Journal for the BUIlding Trades* A COLOURED PLATE is given in each Monthly Part. ( "The wonder is that such a paper can be given for* a penny."—The Sun. CHEAP ISSUE. Complete in FIVE VOLS., price 8s. 6d. each.. Familiar Wild Flowers. By F. E. HULME, F.L.S., F.S.A. With beautifully Coloured Plates. A sounder work, of a popular description, on its subject could not easily be found, nor a pleasanter to read either for students of botany or for mere lovers of traditional lore. The coloured illustrations are excellent." -Guardian. Cassell's Classified Catalogue, containing particulars of upwards of ONI THOUSAND VOLUMES published by Messrs. CASSELL & COMPANY, ranging ir price from Threepence to Fifty Guineas, will be sent on request, post frte, to any addrtti. t CASSKLL ft COMPANY, LIMITSO. Ludgatc Hill. Loodofei
—— ———— ===== HEADINGS FOR THE YOUNG. I TALKING DOGS. I There are bat two recorded instances of dogs keying been taught to articulate words such a manner that they would resemble those uttered by a human bt-irig. The most famous of these cases was that of the celebrated talking dog of Zeitz." The owner of this celebrated canine, a small bov, living at-Xeitz, Saxony, imagined that his dog's voice •trong v resembled certain words and sounds made by men. Acting on this point, he soon trained the animal, a big Saxon mastiff, to distinctly utter some twenty odd German words, and about half a dozen from the French language. Although the young trainer devoted much time and attention to the queer taek, he never succeeded in enlarging his pet's vocabu- lary above thirty words. The rival of this fatuous talking dog of Zeitz was exhibited in Holland in 1718. Besides pro- nouncing several words, the Dutch dog could articu- late the names of all the letters of the alphabet Ixcept i," m," and Magazine. THE ALLIGATOR'S FRTENH. One day there was a gentleman sitting by a river, when all at once he saw a baby alligator coming towards him he caught it and reared it as a pet. It followed him about the house like a dog. There was another animal in the house to whom it was very much ai.tached. This was a big sandy cat. When it settled itself before the fire the alligator would come and lay its head on the furry cushion and go qnietly off to sleep. Once when the gentleman went to feed them, they were nowhere to be seen. After a long search, he found the alligator in a shed, nearly starving, but the cat he could not find anywhere, so he concluded the allisrut or must have eaten the cat, as there were traces of fur about the shad.—Child's Own Magazine. RIGHT INTO HER LAP. During a foxhunt near Newry, Reynard was so closely pursued by the hounds, that he ultimately jumped on the roof of a humble cottage. One of the dogs, however, saw him, climbed up after him and was just in the act of seizing him when, to avoid a worse fate, the fox dropped down the chimney, right into the lap of an old crone, who was con- tentedly puffing her pipe by the fireside. The hound dare not follow him; but when the huntsmen came up, they entered the but, and found the poor old woman crouching in a corner, and the fox snarling and showing his teeth at them. This time the fox was taken alive.—Little Folki, THE FIRST WRONG BUTTON. .1 Dear me," said little Janet, "I buttoned just one totton wrong, and that makes all the rest go wrong," ud she tugged and fretted &8 if the poor buttons were at fault for her trouble. "Patience, patience, my dear," said mamma. "The next time look out for the first wrong button, then you'll keep all the rest right. And," added mamma, "lookout for the first wrong deed of any kind; soother and another issuie to follow. Janet remembered how one day, not long ago, she struck baby Alice. That was the first wrong deed. Then she denied having done it. That was another. Then she was unhappy and cross all day because she bad told a lie. What a long list of buttons fastened 88Dg just because the first one was wrong t THE WATER WAGTAIL.—A TRUE STORY. One glorious morning in June I was fishing by the banks of the silver Tweed. It was too sunny to make ft good catch, for the wise little fish could see the deadly hook below the gay-coloured fly. Presently my attention was attracted by the many lovely birds flying all round me, while the air was filled with their songs. I soon noticed a tiny wagtail—who seemed rather aoeasy at my presence—hovering quite near, then disappearing altogether. Ah! her nest must be near," thought I, and creeping towards the bank, there she was, wings extended over her dear little nest. The bank was a mass of wild Btrawberry blossom, so you may imagine what a pretty sight my little friend made in her sur- roundings. But now a very wonderful thing took place. She suddenly flew off her nest, then, quickly returning, laid a large green leaf carefully over her eggs, completely hiding them from any casual eye (what a wise little bird !), then flew off to enjoy her- self!—Sunday Reading for the Young, A MONKEYS MEMORY. A French duchess saw an organ-grinder ill-treating hit monkey. She was moved with pity, and bought it. It became her chief pet, and used to follow her about everywhere. Once she invited a party of guests to a concert. The monkey was allowed to watch; but instead of staying where she had put it, it took the hat of one of the guests and mnde a collection, much to the delight of the audience, and then emptied the con- tents into the player's lap.— The Prize. TYING UP HIS DOG. Willie was asleep, and Dan was lonely. Willie is the minister's son Dan is his dog. It was the Sabbath morning, and everyone was at church but these two friends. Now the minister had for his subject Daniel. This was the name he always gave Dan when he was teach- ing him to sit up and obey. While the dog sat think- ing, the name Daniel" fell on his ready ears. Dan ran at once into the church, stood on his hind legs, with his forepaws drooping close beside the minister, who did not see him, but the congregation did. When the minister shouted Daniel again, the sharp bark said, Yes, sir," as plainly as Dan could answer. The preacher ended his sermon as best he could but then he made a resolve if he ever preached again on the prophat Daniel, he would remember to tie up his little dog.— Our Pets. COCKLE PETER." That was what the village bovs called him, because his name was Peter, and because he spent most of his tpare time gathering cockles. Peter did not mind his strange name in the least, for he made a good deal of money by his cockles. But why, you may ask, did Peter want to make money ? Well, because, in the first place, he wanted to help his widowed mother, who bad a hard struggle to keep her six children and herself supplied with the necessaries of life. Peter liked a game as well as any boy but be was too manly, and loving, and brave to care for play while his mother worked for him. So, whenever he could, he went off with his bag, and rake, and pail for the toothsome fish, which was always in demand. Peter's other reason for wanting to make money was in order that he might get on in the world. He knew that in order to do that he must learn, and to learn he must have books, and to have books he must have money. And why did Peter want to get on in the world ? Chiefly, again, for his mother's sake. He was a regular mother's boy and he had long ago made up his mind that, God helping him, he would some day try and show gratitude for all his mother's lave. Did he do it ? Yes, and is doing it still. Nobody dreams of calling him Cockle Peter" now. He is one of the cleverest engineers in the country and all the wealth and fame and honour that are his to-day he lays at the feet of a dear, gentle, old lady, who proudly calls him My boy my son Peter."— Off and Away. TEASING. One day a visitor to a menagerie persisted in offer- ing a bun to an elephant, and then pulling it away before the animal could reach it with his trunk. The elephant was very good-tempered at first, but got more and more annoyed as the trick was repeated, and at last sulkily refused to take any more notice of his tormenter. About half an hour afterwards, when he was allowed to come out of his cage, he observed the man who had teased him standing near. In a moment the elephant whipped off the man's straw hat. He held it in his trunk for some time, and then offered it to the man, but always pulled it back, just as he had done with the bun. After teasing him for a good while, the elephant held it out to him once more but on the man trying to catch it, the animal quietly swallowed it, and left his tormenter standing bare-headed among the crowd, who laughed heartily at the way in which he was punished for his trick.—Short Stories. A GRATEFUL CAT. Is the cat able to feel grateful, or not ? The Rev. George Huntingdon votes Ay." He says that whilst his daughter and he were staying at a parsonage, a Fenian cat had four kittens, one of whieh had sore eyes. So Mies Huntingdon bathed and dressed them in the presence of the mother, who purred cordially the while, and licked the young lady's hand by way of f. When their visit came to an end, Madam Persian Puss took a great deal of interest in the packing of their things. By-and-by she left the drawing-room, but soon returned with three of the kittens that they might bid Mr. and Miss Hunting- don a fond adieu. But where was the fourth kitten ? It was found to have been placed in Miss Hunting- don's box, amongst her clothes, in order that she might take it away with her to continue her treat- ment to its ailing eyes. Thus the mother showed some tender care for her young one, and also proved that she knew a good doctor when she saw one. This story is vouched for by a correepondent of Little Folks.
GREATER BRITAIN. PAPERS by the Indian show that the riots in Calcutta produced a very serious panic among the European population. Ladies are said to have carried revolvers with them for their afternoon drives, and in some cases men took their wives and families with them to the office, not daring to leave them unprotected at home. Nor was the panic altogether groundless, for many European ladies were bulled and insulted in the streets, and in one case a lare mob of Mahomeduns dragged a ladv from her carriage, which they proceeded to smash. Details like these show that the first disturbances in a city like Calcutta must always be suppressed with an iron hand; if once the mob gets loose the entire European community will be in great danger. A HETUHN has been issued as to the members of the House of Commons in receipt of public money from the revenues of India. The list includes Sir Lewis Sir W. Wedderburn, £1000: Sir J. Beviiti Edwards, £770; Sir F. W. J. Fitz-Wygram, Btrt., £ UR;) Major-General Goldsworthy, £466; Sir H. M. Havelock Allen, Bart., £700; General J. W. Laurie, £610; Lieutenant-Colonel C. W.Long, £ 2f>0 Lord E. W. J. Manners, £17 15s.; Colonel Murray, £300; and General Russel, £500. Tin: premier volunteer corps of our Indian Empire is the Behar Light Horse. This regiment is com- posed entirely of well-to-do planters. The head- quarters are at Mozufferpore. There are, including the honorary colonel, 30 officers. THIS is how Jubilee Day was celebrated at Lagos. All the native kings and chiefs of the interior of the Yorbuba country were invited to attend at the capital of the British Colony, and to unite with the Governor in the celebration. A dozen Kings and a large num- ber of Chiefs, with numerous bodies of retainers, accepted the invitation, and were entertained as the guests of the British Government. They were shown the wonders of civilisation as they are to be seen at Lagos, and were addressed by the Governor on the advantages to be enjoyed under the rule of the Queen. THE Queensland and Cape of Good Hope Rifle Teams are to be included among the officers and men of the colonial fofces receiving the Jubilee medal. LIEUTENANT J. AMOS HAYTON, of the Lower Albany Mounted Rifles, S.A., that indefatigable and zealous volunteer in South Africa, has been requested to raise a cadet corps from the schools at Bathurst Shaw Park and Clumber, and take the command of same. The spread of this cadet movement through- out the Empire is one of the finest things for increas- ing the popularity of the force. NOTWITJISTANDINIi ofGeial denials, a Cape Town paper states that there is not the smallest doubt that the finances of the Transvaal are seriously embar- rassed. The State coffers," it says, are practically empty, unable to stand the strain of a heavy loan, and the Government has been compelled to obtain a loan to meet immediate pressing demands." Our of the eleven Colonial Premiers who have been to Europe this year two became personally acquainted with the Pope. Mr. Seddon. of New Zealand, called on his Holiness the other day on his way back home, and Sir Wilfrid Laurier, tha Canadian Prime Minister, is now on his way South to pay his respects to the head of his Church. Of the two visits, that of Sir Wilfrid Laurier is far and away the more impor- tant, as it has to a great extent to do with the serious differences which have cropped up lately in Manitoba in regard to the Education question. Over this matter severe friction has been engendered between the President and the Roman Catholic communities in the Dominion. PROBATE has been granted to the will of the late Sir Thomas Elder, of Birksgate, Adelaide. The estate in South Australia was sworn at £615,.573, and out- side that Province at £200,000. THE Victorian Cabinet have decided that the postage on letters intended for delivery in the colony shall continue to be 2d. per loz. If they had acceded to the request to reduce the postage by one half, the revenue would have suffered to the extent of £40,000 a year. THE number of post-offices in New South Wales is now 1503. The number of employes has risen from 50 in 1837 to 4814 in 1897. The number of letters posted is 63,061,020, and the number of newspapers 41,807,349, and there is £4,372,Ð65 in the Savings Bank. AN Australian mining exhibition is to be held in London in 1899. A STATUE of the late Sir Henry Parkes is to be erected in the Centennial Park, Sydney, the dedica- tion of which to the public was secured by that statesman. MR. TYSON, the Australian multi-millionaire, made his first big haulshortly after the great rush to the Bendigo gold-field. Thousands of gold-seekers were sncamped on the golden flat, and a meat famine was it its height, when Tyson shrewdly arrived on the scene with a herd of cattle and a numerous flock of heep. He made a profit of something like 10,000 per cent. on that little speculation. The man who is going to make his pile out of the Klondike rush had best turn his attention to the bone business. IT is reported that Canada is levying a duty of 15 :ents per pound upon all merchandise imported into the Yukon Goldfields district. Should the report prove true, the United States Government will pro- bably retaliate. IN response to cabled instruction, the Glasgow police have this week closely watched the arrival of all steamers from Canadian ports, in search of two men belonging to that country, who are said to have brutally murdered a man in Ottawa a month ago. No men answering the descriptions have landed from the Clyde, and the presumption is that the alleged murderers have got ashore at Moville or Liverpool. A REPORT that a French man-of-war bad recently ordered a British mining company to cease building » quay and a dock on the Treaty shore in Newfound- land is denied by the French Ministry of Marine. AUSTRALIAN meat is finding its way into the Medi- terranean. The steamer Gulf of Taranto has just sailed from Newcastle, New South Wales, with 5000 jarcases of frozen mutton for Malta. THE South Australian women do not seem to appreciate the vote, now they have got itP any more than their sistejs in New Zealand do. In a recent slection in East Torrens the proportion of male votes to female votes was as seven to two.
A SPIDER FIGHT. A writer in an American newspaper says; I once bad a spider pet, of a kind the book enabled me to identify. He was a fine, big fellow. I caught him in the garden, carried him home, and for nearly two months he and I took a close interest in each other, he for the flies I introduced to him, and I for the amusement he introduced to me. 1 kept him in a milliner's box. letting him out when I visited him, specially delighting myself with allowing him to drop from one hand by his fine-spun thread, and then either catching him in the other or gently compelling him to climb back again by apparently eating his own ladder. One day I captured another spider of the same species. I kept him for a few days in a separate box, and then, with the kindly idea of companion- ship, I introduced him to "Tiger." I have seen dogs fight; I have seen chanticleer fight and slay his man; I have seen rams fight till, with bis skull crushed in, one lay dead at the foot of the other 1 have seen men fight; I have seen women fight—at least, they once were women—till they became a con- fusion of blood and hair and shredded garments but. the fullest sense I ever realised of mad, murderous passion let ungovernably loose, centred in one de- stroying aim, and summoning every physical energy to its devilish service, I realised when these two spiders rushed to mortal combat. I stood in boyish terror as their tangled legs dropped off, torn by mutual rage; and as, with vicious dexterity, they struck each other with their poisoned fangs, using for their own destruction the weapons and appliances with which Nature has prcvided them for the capture and slaughter of their prey. I visibly turned pale. Tiger was the victor; but even while with brutal wrath, all mangled as be was, he bit and spurned his dead and limbless foe, he was seized with symptoms I took to be paralytic, and in a minute or two I helped him to his death. And this fearless gladiator was afraid of, I remember, and never would tackle, a big blue-bottle fly. What is courage ?
THE BEST OF CURES. An important element in the cure of disease is time, and chiefly for this reason, that if the patient, though apparently well, tries to get up too soon and back to his ordinary work and food before he has got a sufficient stock of nervous energy, the chemistry of digestion at once goee wrong, and he falls back to his own condition, and he must again rest both body and stomach, perhaps for even a longer time than before. The best tonic, says Mr. Keith, is a little whole- some abstinence. To sum up—the doubtful remedies which, according to the new axiom, are, all a rule, to be avoided in states of disease are medi- cineB of all kinds, alcoholic stimulants and foods, and nature's methods, which we advise to be substi- tuted for them, or rather to be allowed full play without them, are rest, not forgetting rest to the stomach; warmth, or In rare cases, cold; a free supply usually of water, and always of fresh air, and sufficient time for the organs to recover their ordi- nary working powers, and especially for the nervous system to make up for wasted energy.
TH8 ceremony of receiving the heart of Kosciusko to be deposited in a special mausoleum, took place ia the chapel of the castle at Bapperschwyl, where there is a Polish museum. The ceremony was preceded by requiem mass, at which about 150 Polish patriot* were present.
SCIENCE NOTES. M. MARIUS OTTO has discovered that ozone pro- duces phosphorescence, or, rather, luminescence, when m contact with water containing animal or vegetable matter. His observations were recently brought before the Academie des Sciences, Paris, and have a bearing on the phosphcrescense of the sea. PKKSONS who take violent. muscular exercise are greatly benefited by the use of sugar. Tourists who climb high altitudes crave sweet, and are greatly benefited by it. The value of sugar as a part of the diet of soldiers has been clearly determined. It, is said that after violent muscular exertion the quantity of sugar in the blood is greatly reduced, but that energy is rapidly regained by eating pure candy or other good sweets. A NEW telegraph ship, the Contre-Amiral Citil)ot, I has been built for the Comp&gnie des Cables Tele- graphiques." She is a screw steamer over 300ft. long and of 2355 tons. A special picking-up gear will enable her to lift and repair cables in 2800 to 3000 fathoms. She can carry 1300 tons of cable, or about 800 miles, and is lighted by electricity. EXPERIMENTS are being tried with a system of oil lighting that suggests the use of the student lamp on a large scale. There is a central reservoir and small pipes through which the oil is fed to the burners, drop by drop. There is an automatic system of cut- offs that prevent any waste or leakage and insure a steady and continuous supply, whether there are many burners or few. It seems that the only incon- venience to this system is that all of the pipes must be of the same level in order to avoid the leak that would be inevitable were the oil to accumulate in per- pendicular tubes. IN addition to the "submarine boat," there are (the Globe tells us) also submarine plungers, which are lowered to great depths for observation of the sea-bottom as captive ballooi s aie raised into the air. One of these, invented by M. Bazin, has been useful in exploring the galleons of Vigo, and another, the ■' Travailleur sous-marin," of Signor Piatti del Puzzo, promises to do still bettor. It IS intended to go down 15U0ft., where the pressure of water is about 50 atmospheres, or 7501bs. on the square inch. For this purpose it is nearly spherical in shape and built of ribbed metal, and is, therefore, not unlike the 11 plila nautica," or nautical balloon," of Signor Balsamello, which was tried at Civita Vecchia, and afterwards dropped. The "submarine toiler" is equipped with levers, grapnels, and other tools, wbich can be worked from the interior. Although it is lowered to the bottom by a chain, it is not altogether inert, but has three screw propellers on different sides, which enable it to move about at the end of its cable, and to turn on itself. Stout windows or portholes permit the operator to see what is around him. The screws and implements are worked by electricity supplied from accumulator?, which also illuminate the interior. The diver can speak with the ship or shore above by telephone. The electricity required might be sup- plied from the ship or shore itself, and in any case powerful submarine searchlights to illuminate the bottom can be worked from above. Should the chain part the new diving bell can rise to the surface of itself. The device has been constructed by M. Delisle, but, of course, its efficacy can only be demonstrated by actual trials. THE mantle of the Auer incandescent light is made of a network of rare oxides. These, on being heated in the Bunsen flame, emit a brilliant white light. It is claimed that no injury to the optic nerve has as yet been caused by this system of lighting. It has, however, been asserted that the ordinary electric light is exceedingly trying to the eyes, but when covered by a globe, through which the rays must pass, there is less chance of injury. Red or orange globes are thought to be the best, and these, if properly adjusted, are considered a perfect safeguard. MR. THOMAS ANDRSW, C.E., has shown that steel rails sometimes break down owing to fine hairlike cracks in the metal. These appear to be caused by the action of the carriage wheels. Some of them may be due to the rolling in manufacture. It was formerly supposed that vibration caused a "fatigue" of the metal, but such an explanation of the rupture of rails requires further investigation. AN American inventor has put out a new building material which is said to be absolutely fire-proof. It is made of ground marble or stone, coal cinders, and sawdust mixed with magnesia, and some chemicals, the names of which have not been made public, and as the secret is guarded with jealous care, they are not likely to be. The material is ground to a semi- liquid consistency and is then poured into moulds. There is no burning, as the hardening process is a chemical one. There are also fire-proofing blocks and bricks made of coal cinders, sawdust, and other materials. These bricks weigh about one-and-a-half or two-thirds as much as those of terra-cotta of the same size, and cost but about half as much. A FRENCH scientific journal objects to the applica- tion of the Rontgen rays to detect smuggled articles at the Customs on the ground that it is of little use, and only gives very unsatisfactory results. Lace inserted in a pile of handkerchiefs and tobacco properly packed, does not reveal itself to the rays. A lining of metal foil in a trunk baffles the search. In fact, the rays would require special boxes and packing in order to be of much service. The writer seems to think that searching the person of a traveller with the rays (supposing that traveller did not object) might result in the discovery of lurking maladies, and, moreover, as the rays act injuriously on the tissues of the body, might lead to an action for damages. On the whole, our contemporary is of opinion that the best remedy would be to suppress the troublesome octro in France altogether. A NUMBER of persons who have been experimentea on with the X-rays, declare that they cause exceed- ingly violent palpitation of the heart, which after a short time becomes intolerable. The uses of these rays are so many that it is important to know that the interposition of a metal plate is a very great advantage, and prevents much of the distress which the uninterrupted rays are likely to cause. DR. HARRY CAMPBELL, in his work on the Thera- peutical Aspects of Talking, &c. says that, as the respiratory movements have wide-reaching effects, talking, singing, laughing, and such acts have an im- portant influence on the health. If the instinct of a child to cry out is repressed, the child is likely to suffer. It should be limited, but not suppressed altogether. Let the child cry" mny be sound advice for a weak, contracted chest, and other evils may result from stopping it. They should also be allowed to chatter and sing like birds the first thing in the morning. Boys at play and young men out for a holiday also shout and sing instinctively, and it probably does them good, though it is rather trying to the nerves of cultivated persons, more especially authors. Talk is stimulating, especially if accompa- nied by gesture. It enables barristers, politicians, and others to dispense with some ordinary exercise, and Dr. Campbell believes it conducive to longevity. It is beneficial in certain forms of heart disease, such as the dilation of the heart. Shouting favours the development of the lungs, and accelerates the circula- tion of blood and lymph. Groaning, shriek- ing, outbursts of passion, and irritability, relieve the nerves and promote health. Dr. Campbell seems to think that even swearing may be justified from a physiological point of view. Joyous songs are stimulating, and singing is so good for the health that Dr. Campbell recommends it whenever there is an opportunity. It is particularly good for defective chests and chronio heart disease. Laughter needs no recommendation. Women who find relief in tears are said to keep their youth longer than those who repress them. "Give sorrow words" is wisdom. Sighing promotes aeration of the blood and itself is often caused by shallow breathing. Yawning, also caused by shallow breathing, and sleepiness, as well as quiescence of the muscles, is also good for the blood. I IT is frequently the case that one may desire to, mount photographs on glass. This is very easily done, but one or two points should be very carefully ob. ser. ed. Do not attempt to mount a photograph on cheap glass. The effect will not be satisfactory. Select a good plat* clean it thoroughly and place it where it will rest steadily under a con- siderable pressure. Soak four ounces of gela- tine for half an hour in cold water, then place in a glass jar, adding 16oz. of water put the jar in a large dish of warm water and dissolve the gelatine. When dissolved pour in a shallow tray. Have the prints rolled on a roller, albumen side up take the print by the corners and pass rapidly through the gelatine, taking care to avoid air bubbles. Squeeze carefully on to the glass. The better the quality of glass the better the effect.
HAMBURG people were once treated to a procession of washerwomen, who marched, with all their instru- ments of daily toil, through the town. The good ladies of the tub were out on strike, and needed funds for the continuance of the same, hence the procession. No fewer than 200 real washerwomen were included in the gathering, without counting the large number of people who followed to show theii sympathy with the strikers' grievance. R. ( .It' .J., 'O'. d. fo,"
HOME HINTS (From" Cottage Garde7ii)iq.") To SKIN A FisH.-Cut a thin narrow strip down the backbone, taking off the dorsai tin. Tlien open the lower part half-way down. Slip the krnfn muter and up through the bony part of the I!d!, and hwid this bony part between the thumb and linger, strip the skin off toward the tail. Thau du on the other side. Small tisli, liko 111..('1,1 mid white-fish, when dressed for broiling, thoiiM ne t-jjiit. through the back. MAKING HARD SHOES SOFT.—To a p^ir ■>( sdoes that have become stiff and uncomfortable by r.m-t.int. wear in the rain, apply a coat of vaseline, rubbing Ii, in well with a cloth, and in a short, time t,tie It-nilier will become as soft and pliaole as when it was r.uke,n from the shelves of the shoe dewier. A SIMPLE MOUSE-TRAP.—Tbe need of a convenient mouse-trap is at times apparent, when it, is not elY to obtain the article. A young housekeeper in one of our cities, however, has accidentally discovered a substitute, of which she is fond of telling the story. It is nothing else but the ordinary sticky fly-paper, which she places convenient to their haunt, and has not only made several captures but has evidently frightened away survivors, who do not seem to understand this sort of device at all. HAIR-BRUSHES.—A good receipe for cleaning hair- brushes, which will keep the bristles stiff, is as follows :-Pour into an open dish a desertspoonful of ammonia to one quart of boiling water. Dip the brush into this, moving up and down, but taking care not to wet the back of the brush. In this way the bristles will be clean and white in less than one minute, and without any rubbing. Then dip the brush into clear water, shake, and place in a rack to drain. ALBERT PODDING.—Put lb. of flour in a basin, and well rub in 6oz. of butter, 6oz. of sugar, lb, of sul- 2 tanas, the juice and grated rind of one lemon, and 2oz. of candied peel chopped fine. Well mix all the ingredients .with two whole eggs. Well butter a pudding-basin, pour in the mixture, tie a cloth over the top of the basin, put at once in a saucepan half full of boiling water; boil for one hour and a half. Serve with a lemon-and-butter sauce. CUERRY BATTER PUDDING.—Put three tablespoon- fwls of flour in a basin, and with the hands work in a generous lump of butter or nice sweet dripping, with a dessertspoonful of baking-powder, and a teaspoon- ful of sugar. When well mixed, break in one whole egg, and make into a smooth batter with a little sour milk, mixing well. Well butter the pie-dish mix with the batter, the last thing before putting the batter into the pie-dish, lib. of cherries; bake in a hot oven for half an hour. WALNUT CATSUP.—Prick two dozen green walnuts with a sharp fork, put them in a dish and well sprinkle them with salt; put them in a sunny window ,,p until they are quite black. Then put them in a saucepan with 2 quarts of vinegar, with a dozen cloves, a blade of mace, a bruised stick of ginger, two dozen peppercorns, and four large onions, with no more salt than the brine from the walnuts. Cover close, and boil until the walnuts are soft; then press all through a colander or wire sieve put into dry clean bottles, cover with wet bladder, and keep in a cool dark place. To DRY PARSLEY FOR WINTER USE (S. B.).—Give the parsley a good wash to free it from grit, tie it in bunches, and shake off the water. Put it on a dish and set the dish on the rack over the kitchener. Failing this, hang it in bunches from the mantelpiece until qnite dry and crisp; then take off the stalks, and pass the parsley through a wire sieve. Store in a well-stoppered glass bottle, in a dry place. All herbs can be dried in the same way. TOMATO CHUTNEY.—Put lqt. of vinegar into a saucepan with half a dozen red chillies, lib. of brown sugar, a dozen large onions peeled and sliced, a stick of bruised ginger, a few celery seeds, and a teaspoon- ful of salt. Let this come to the boil. Put 61b. of tomatoes into a basin, and pour quite boiling water over them. Then skin them take out the stalks and put them into the vinegar, with lib. of currante (grocer's), or the same quantity of sultanas, and ilb. 2 of mixed candied peel, cut not too small. Let this boil quickly, stirring frequently until it is as thick as jam. Put into wide-mouth glass bottles. When icold, cover with wet bladder and keep in a cool, dark place. It is ready for use at once. The bladders are easily cleaned by first soaking them in cold water for an hour; then, with a little vinegar or lemon, with plenty of fine salt, well rub them between the hjinda rinse well. This will quite free them from any dis- agreeable smell. RASPBERRY PUDDING.—Put I pint oi milk in a clean saucepan and bring it to the boil; mix two heaped tablespoonfuls of flour quite smooth with a little cold milk. As soon as the milk boils, pour it over the flour in the basin, stirring well to keep it quite smooth while this is cooling, put lib. of raspberries in a basin with ilb. of sugar; crush these with a spoon, and mix them into the cooled mixture break in three whole eggs. Mix and beat until light, pour into a well-buttered pie-dish, and bake in a hot oven for half an hour. BAKED CHERRY PUDDING,—Make a nice suet crust with 6oz. of flour and 3oz. of suet chopped fine. Make it into a nice dough with cold water, and line a cake-tin or pudding-basin, well buttered, with the paste. Fill the pudding with cherries, with plenty of brown sugar, and half a teacupful of water. Cover with the paste, and bake in a rather hot oven for one hour and a quarter. Turn into a hot dish, and serve with a nicely-made custard. BAKED RASPBERRY PUDDING.—Cut some thin slices of stale bread, and butter them. Butter a pie-dish, and put a layer of bread and butter, then a layer of weli-sugared stewed raspberries, until the dish is full, in alternate layers of bread and raspberries. Whip the whites of three eggs to a stiff froth, and mix in lightly three heaped tablespoonfuls of white crushed sugar. Put this in spoonfuls over the pudding, set the pndding in the oven with the door open until the top is crisp and a delicate brown. Serve hot or cold RASVBERRY TRIFLE.—Make a nice light cake with lb. of ftour, 6oz. of butter. 4oz. of sugar, a tablespoon- ful of Borwick's baking-powder, and three whole eggs With the hands rub the butter, flour, and sligar together then mix in the baking powder break in the three eggs with the juice and grated rind of one lemon. Mix the cake with buttermilk, or quite sour milk, into a nice dough, not too wet nor too dry Have ready a well-buttered cake-tin or a round basin will do put in the cake batter and bake in a quick oven for three quarters of an hour. Let the cake get quite cold, then cut it in rounds spread each with raspberry jam pour some juice from fresh stewed raspberries over the cake to moisten. When quite soaked with the juice, pour a nice custard over the cake; put a crown of stiffly-whipped cream on top; sprinkle the cream thickly with hundreds and thousands, and serve. KIDNEYS FRIED WITH TOMATOF.s.-Waah an ox- kidney and cut it in pieces quite an inch thick. Beat up an egg 6n a plate with one onion, chopped fine, a big sprig of parsley, and lemon-theme. Have rea dy some fine bread-crumbs. Dip each piece of kidney in flour, then in the egg and bread-ciumbs. See that plenty of the herbs are on one, if not on both sides of the pieces of kidney. Fry them for ten minutes in boiling fat, dish them on a mound of nisely-mashed potato, with a few rashers of fat bacon, and some tomatoes, #kinned, cut in halves, and just warmed in a little butter in a frying pan. Serve as hot as possible. A Strong PASTE poa PAPER.—To two large spoon- fuls of fine flour put as much pounded resin as will lie on a shilling; mix with as much strong beer as will make it of a due consistence, and boil for half an hour. Let it be cold before it is used. ROAST NECK OF VBAL STUFFED.—Take a piece of real weighing about 51b., lay it on a pastry-board, and with a sharp knife cut a pocket between the meat and the bone. Make a stuffing, with a thick rasher of rather fat bacon, a tablespoonful of finely-chopped parsley, the same of chopped onion, a little lemon- peel and marjoram, well-seasoned with pepper, and a teacupful of bread-crumbs. Mix the stuffing with one whole egg, fill the pocket with the stuffing, sew it in with coarse cotton. Have ready a baking-tin, with plenty of hot fat, lay in the veal, bake in a sharp oven for one hour and a half, basting frequently. Take up on a hot dish, pour a nicely-made butter sauce over, and serve with some tomatoes, cut in balves, just warmed through in hot butter in a frying- pan. CUT FLOWEU.-It is said that sand around the stems of cut flowers will keep them fresh longer than almost anything else. Place the flowers in a vase, then insert a funnel and pour in loose sand until t be rase is almost filled. Add water until it rist-s an inch or so above the sand. Keep on adding freb water from day to day, taking care not to let the sand get dry. To CLEAN FLOOR-CLOTHS.—These are best cleaned and preserved by being dry-rubbed every day, for mopping them spoils and soon wears them out, besides causing the sides too turn up. Cleaning them occasionally with milk, and dry-rubbing them when dry, will make them look as bright as when new. AMMONIA AND Bou-x.-The uses of ammonia and borax are manifold, and their value as household agents can scarcely be overrated. In the laundry, bath, and kitchen, they are positively indispensable to the housekeeper. The flret ira valuable cleanser and disinfectant at the same time; As toilet articles they have no superior. A little ammonia in the bath will keep the skin healthy, deliciously sweet and clean, firm and freeh-looking. It is found in many shampoo mixtures, and is a thorough cleanser of the hair and scalp. Borax water is also excellent for washing the bair. Weak ammonia water will clean-hair-brushes very rapidly and keep the bristles white- and stiff. Weak borax water is a good dentrif ee. 1 f J:í .ri (::Ir (;1.
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> I A IN I) JbiW U II/ISTS. The following is the Daily Chronicle a summary of the uiosf recent wills of public interest filed at Somerset House The approximate value of the personal estate of the late Edward Charles, first Baron Kevelstoke, of o<, Charles-street, Berkeley-square, and of MemMund Kail, li**Ton, for many years a partrer ircfhe London house of Messrs. Baring Brothers and Company, tizid a director of the Bank of England, who died on July 17 last, aged 68 years, is returned at £ 35,422 17s. Id. The testator's will is dated February 11, 1895, and his sole executor is his son, the Hon. John Baring, now second Lord Revelstoke. The testator leaves all his own real and personal estate of which he had the power of disposition in equal shares to his sons, the present Lord Revelstoke and the Hon. Cecil Baring. The personal estate of the late Richard, first Earl of Dartray, has been valued at £ 245,886 19s. 4d.. on which Y-17,126 16s. 6d. estate duty has been paid, being at the rate of seven per cent. The testator, who was Lord Lieutenant of County Mon«ghan, ano formerly a Lord-in- Waiting to the Queen, died May 7 last, aged 80 years, his executors bt-inw it s sons Vesey, second Earl of Dartrey, and the Hun. Stanley Dawson. The testator, of Great Culverden, Tunbrid^e Wells, died on May 21 last, aged 79 years, and t'.1I his will appointed his executors, his wife, Mrs. Caro- line Louisa Byng, Admiral Charles Lucas, and Mr Charles Pontifex, wko have proved the personal estate at 1:128,867 3s. lOd. The testator bequeathed to Admiral Lucas his shares in the Universal Life Office, of which he was chairman, and to his niece, Mrs. Frances Russell Lucas, his shares in the Phoenix Fire Office, and to each of the daughters of Mrs. Frances Lucas £ 10,000, to his butler £ 400, and X3000 to his wife's nephew, George Gribble. The bulk of the testator's property is left subject to Mrs. Byng's life interest, upon trust, for his niece, Mrs. Frances Russell Lucas, and her children. The personal estate of the late Hon. George Frede- rick Nugent Greville, of 4, Chester-square, has been proved by the sole executrix, his widow, the Hon. Cecil Aitcheson Greville, at £ lo,359 lis. Id. The testator leaves to his widow absolutely everything he died possessed of. The will of the late Colonel Arthur Bootle Wil- braham, of Surbiton, has been proved by his execu- tors, his brother, Major Lionel Booth VVilbrauam, and Sir John Bramston, the personalty amounting to E18,669 4s. lOd. To his wife tbetestator bequeaths £ 300, his horses, furniture, &c., other than those in Queensland, and the income during her widowhood of the residue of his estate in the event of her re- marriage, an annuity of £100 for life. Subject to the above conditions, the testator leaves his residuary estate in trust for hie children. The late Dr. Hinchcliffe, of Dewsbury, as already announced, has bequeathed property and shares to the value of E30,000 in aid of higher education. E37,220 lls. lid. personal estate has been left by Mr. Gerald Lyons, of 8, St. James's-square, who died at Sea Point, Cape Town, on April 4 last, and whose will was proved by his executors, Colonel Thomas Bernard Mitchell and Cyril Stephen Dean. To the former the testator bequeathed E'-)OW, and to the latter £ 1000; to his sister, Catherine Minnie Lyons, F-5000. The residue of his property the testator leaves to his cousin, Daniel Cronin Coultsmann, of Glenflesk Castle, Killarney. Personal estate to the value of E19,0,53 4s. 7d. has been proved by the will of Captain James Gilbert Johnston, lata of the Madras Engineers, who died on July 13 last, by his executors, Lieut.-Colonel James Taylor Johns on and Clement Upperton. The personal estate of Mr. Walter Frost, of 102, Long-acre, W.C., fruit salesman and grower, has been proved by his executors, Mrs. Marie Louise Frost, the widow, Mr. Walter E. Frost, his son, and Mr. Edwnrd Fowler, at £ 30,1)54 9s. Id. The tes- tator leaves £ 50 to Mr. Edward Fowler, £;-00 to his sister-in-law, Mrs. Kate E. Leader, S:1000 to hit3 son, an annuity of £ 52 to his wife's mother, and E500 and his furniture and household effects to his wife. The residue of his real and personal estate he leaves upon trust to his wife for life, and subject thereto to his son for his own use and benefit. The will of the late Mr. Tracy Whyte, of 31, Josephine-avenue, Brixton-hill, formerly of Cape Town, who died on June 11 last, has been proved by his executors, Mr. Alfred Rinnh, of o2, Great Marl- borough-street, W., and Mr. James Cranmer, of bl, Waldegrave-park, Twickenham. The declared value of the personalty has been sworn at £ 9681 (1,1. The will of the late Mr. Reginnld John Graham, of The Elms, Eastbourne, was proved by his tors, Mr. Thomas Henry Boileau Graham, his son, and Mr. Henry Curteis, the declared value of the personalty being F-76,237 3s. 5d. After many bequests, he leaves the residue to his son. E23,617 12s. 6d. is the declared value of the per- sonal estate of the late Mr. Marriage Wells, of Springfield, Patcham, Brighton, a member of the Society of Friends, and formerly a member of the firm of Balis, Wallis, and Husk, provision merchants, Brighton, who died on June 1 last, at the age of 78 years. The testator's sons, William Clarkson Wallis, Edwin Arthur Wallis, and Albert Joseph Crossfield, are his executors. The testator bequeaths to his eldest son the portrait presented to him by the Young Men's Christian Association, to his son Edwin Arthur £ 4000, to his daughter Guilelma Crossfield £500, and upon trust for her and her husband and their children £ 10,000, to the Brighton Young Men's Christian Association £100, to his son illiatn Clarkson Wallis the interest in the premises occupied by the Police Institute, and the residue of both his real and personal estate in equal proportion to his two sons.
A CURIOUS DISCOVERY. the value of the auriferous localities said to have been discovered in the interior of British New Guinea has yet to be established. There is no doubt, however, that immense difficulties have to be over- come in reaching the new El Dorado, as the region is extremely mountainous. Prospectors have dis- covered, to' their great surprise, in the northern watershed of the River Vanapa, in the heart of the highest ranges, surrounded by hundreds of miles of dense forest, extensive stretches of magnificent open land, well watered and peopled by thousands of in- dustrious, peaceful inhabitants, who dwt.ll in large villages, and live by agriculture. They grow yarn, pumpkins, corn, cucumbers, bananas, and their plan- tations are very extensive and exceedingly well kept. Their only domestic animal is the pig- J-h^r weapons are spears, stone clubs, and small bows. J.ney wear no clothing, but are pleased with gifts of beads and calico. The prospectors hope to utilise the services of these natives as well.
NOT A CEls TIPEDE. A crusty old farmer in Southern Illinois one day became an unwilling host for three circuit-riding preachers who dropped in simultaneously for dinner. The larder was low, and the dinner consisted of a single fowl. The farmer asked the first sky-pi lot what portion of the chicken he would have. A leg." said number one. Another leg, thank you," requested number two." And what will you have?" asked the farmer, turning to number three. I will also take a leg, if you please," replied the third. With an ejaculation that shocked his reverend guests, the farmer threw down his carving utensils and demanded to know what sort of a crittur they thought be was carving. This is a two-legged chicken," he shouted, not a centipede.
THE Department of Science and Art has receivea through the Foreign Office a copy of a despatch enclosing a translation of a royal decree for the hold- ing of an exhibition of Spanish industries in the Palace of Arts and Industry, Madrid, this year. The exhibition will be opened on Oct 20. -:)
A DELIGHTFUL VOCATION. It was put on record some time ago by the writer how a great number of the specimens sold by natural history dealers-and especially the birds' eggs and the insects-were provided by amateurs, ladies and working men, living in the country. This last summer, writes a collector, I bad ample opportunity of verify- fying the fact at the sources of supply themselves, and I was not a little surprised to find what incomes quiet people miles from any town can make out of natural history. There is scarcely a village in certain parts of Yorkshire without its taxidermist—an indi- vidual who will stuff and mount birds, animals, or fishes; who will supply you with flies or bait if there be a fishable river near and who spends the remain- der of his time breeding uncommon specimens of the butterfly and moth order from the caterpillar stage of existence, and in mounting the perfect insects. And these guileless villagers know very well indeed what they are doing, for they often disdain the middleman- the dealer in natural history specimens-and content themselves with advertising in semi-scientific journals. Not a few of them near the sea coast, or in the neigh- bourhood of great quarries, add a little fossil collect- ing to their gains, and scores of them occupy most of the winter months in mounting microscopic slides from the materials they have got together during the summer.
THE driest spots in Western Europe are in Spain, where there are several large areas with a rainfall of less than 20 inches. Salamanca is the driest of all There are limited areas on the south-east coast of Sweden where the rainfall is very small: The rainiest places in Western Europe are Scotland, Cumberland, the southern slopes of the Alps, and Upper Austria. We thought the west coast of Ireland could have given points to Cumberland for rain, but M. Angot, of the French Central Meteor- ological Office, is a careful observer and these are the results of the values of 275 stations for 30 vears. "I,c. Aii-.id.i'i i. no ex-.n>uector ot ttie Xjeeau police, has cut his throat with a razor. BKITI^II soldiers are better shots than either French or German. TilE special enlistment of recruits f(.r the Royal Marines is suspended until further orders. FIFTEEN years ago about 3000 bicycle were annu- ally produced in England. During 1896 over 500,000 were manufactured. LADY HKNRY SOMERSET has written withdrawing her resignation of the presidency of the British Women s Temperance Association. ROBKUT AUNGER, a pensioner from the Royal Marines and an old Crimean veteran, has died at Plymouth at the age of 80. WASPS are the moat inveterate enemies of flies. Reaumur says he has known one wasp to kill 1000 flies in a day. THE Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry Cavalry, who have lately been authorised to add the bracketed title to their designation, were raised in th« l'fH 1793 by Lord Archibald Kennedy (after- WHIV'» I rl of Cassillis). 81?:W-1:1 • 4-COI.OXEL O'FARRKLL, P.M.O. Home Dis- trict, actod as umpire at the recent "Volunteer Ambulance Shield Competition, which was earned oft by the team from the 2nd V.B. the Royal Fusi- liers. ALTHOUGH he has been singularly fortunate as a commander, Lord Wolseley has been wounded, some- times very seriously, in almost every action in which he has fought. THE American President receives his salary in monthly instalments. On the 26th day of every month the Treasurer of the United States sends to the White House a cheque for 4166dol. THE Emperor William has ordered that at all the German army manoeuvres this autumn experiments shall be made with cyclist detachments. THE.British soldier receives daily as rations 20oz. of biscuit, 14oz. of meat, 7oz. of peas or beans, 2oz. of sugar, and loz. of cocoa. IT is reported from Heidelbnrg that the death of Professor Meyer, the celebrated physiologist, resulted from the deceased taking prussic acid on account of family trouble. WAR will be renewed in Uruguay on the expiry of the armistice. The peace delegates from the insur- gents are leaving Moute Video for Atgentina. By a return just, issued it appears that 120 extra engine-room artisans and 942 extra ratings of the stoker class are required for the Royal Navy during the present financial year. FIELD MAROIIAL VISCOUNT WOLSELEY (Com- mander-in-Chief) is colonel of the Queen's Rille Volunteer Brieade and 2nd V.B. the Royal Fusiliers, whilst Field-Marshal Lord Roberts, V.C., is colonel of the 1st Newcastle-on-Tyne Volunteer Artillery and the 2nd (City of London R.V.B.). THE largest house in the world is in W ieden, a iuburb of Vienna. In this domicile there are 1400 rooms, divided into 400 suites of from three to six rooms each, and they at present shelter 2112 persons, who pay an annual rental of over 100,000 florins. THE old parish church of Wakefield is an edifice to which, it is said, pilgrims arrive occasionally from the United States and elsewhere in the hope of find- ing relics of Oliver Goldsmith's famous "Vicar." THE population of the Canton De Vaud has agreed, by 12,185 against 4270 votes, to the proposed sub- vention of 4j000,000f. for the piercing of the Simplon Junnel. THERE are now 10,000 persons in San Francisco awaiting transportation to the Yukon goldfields before the winter freeziner sets in. J.UE Great Autumn bruit snow 01 tne HIOYAI Horticultural Society, which i. to be held at the Crystal Palace from September 30 to October 2, bids fair to be a great success. For many years this show was looked upon by gardeners throughout the country M the principal Annual Exhibition of British Fruit in the Kingdom. Having fallen through in 1894, the Council of the Royal Horticultural Society offered to step into the g*p and to renew the show on condition that those interested in the promotion of British fruit-growing would combine to subscribe £ 100 towards the prizes. The Council are willing to renew the show in 1898 if they again receive similar support in their efforts to promote British fruit culture. A MOST interesting yet neglected exhibition is now being held at the United Service Institution Museum, which consists of not only curios belonging to the history of the navy and the army, but also all the trophies which were recently brought home after the Benin expedition. There is a number of grand ivory tusks, covered all over with the most elaborate carv- ing, hand-worked in the old Egyptian style. Then there is a number of bronzes. One represents a soldier on the point of firing a flint lock which is supposed to be 300 years old. Two leopards or cats of an Egyptian appearance are particularly attractive, and so is the bronze representing a heathen deity with seren women worshippers. THE Turkish squadron which was to go to Crete has anchored quietly off Vourla, in the Gulf of Smyrna, where the crews will be able to regale them- selves on the large and luscious rosaki grapes, for which the little town under the shadow of the twin peaks is renowned. When we saw the squadron in the Dardanelles a few weeks ago, it did not look as if a single ship could be moved from her anchorage, so disorderly was the appearance of the once smart and effective ironclads. Whilst, the Sultan, with the aid of his German officers, has bestowed an enormous amount of attention on his land forces, the navy has been Itft to take care of itself, and is, consequently, in a miserable condition. PROF. MCILHENNY, the well-known naturalist, haa just left America to explore the basin of the Mac- kenzie River and the north-east of Alaska. Four other professors accompany him, whose duty it will be to give special attention to geology, botany, zoology, and the chemistry of the region to be explored. They will be absent for about two years. Prof. McIlhenny will collect specimens of the fauna and flora of these regions, 88 well as of the fossils, for which the BomumS Moootsini in Alaska are fjtfDOIU. :} M' • • >