THE LATE ' DUKE OF ALBANY.|1884-04-10|Flintshire Observer Mining Journal and General Advertiser for the Counties of Flint Denbigh - Welsh Newspapers" />
r:æ'r'o'> THE LATE DUKE OF ALBANY. Friday morning, which had been selected for the landing of the remains of the late Duke of Albany, opened brightly. The blue sky and the warm and brilliant sun formed a strange contrast to the sombre .appearance of the Royal yacht Osborne, with its mournful burden, lying moored up against the South- western Railway Company's jetty inside Portsmouth Dockyard. There was just enough wind to make the standards flutter well out from the masts, and show the only particles of colour amid the universal black. The draped pavilion on the jetty certainly added to the melancholy. It is a large square with tri- angular roof, open at both ends, entirely draped in crape, which, however, is slightly tipped with white and it stands near the stern of the Osborne. It is through this structure that the coffin passed prior to its being disposed in the funeral car. The car itself was an ordinary railway van painted black, and relieved by a slight blue streak around the panels, on the centre of which there was a silver wreath surrounding the letter L." This opens at the ends, and was tastefully draped throughout with crape festooned in an artistic manner, and edged with silver fringe. At each side there were in the centre of the decorations silver wreaths within a wreath, and at each corner a small white pedestal of white cloth, upholstered with white satin. The floor was covered with ordinary South-Western Railway mat- ting, but in the centre there was black cloth edged with white, and upon that again a white skin mat with a rim of black running round it. Upon this the coffin was placed. Shortly after nine o'clock the special train from London arrived on the jetty. It consisted of seven saloon carriages, and amongst those travelling by it were the Crown Prince of Germany, the Marquis of Lorne, Prince Christian, and the Prince of Waldeck- Pyrmont. On alighting from the carriages, they were received by the Prince of Wales, who was wear- ing the full dress of a field marshal. The Prince of Wales, who was evidently deeply moved, shook hands long and sadly with the Crown Prince of Germany, who was evidently addressing words of condolence to his Royal Highness for some minutes. The Prince also shook hands with each of the party in turn, and the Prince of Waldeck-Pyrmont met his son, the young Prince, with open arms, and kissed him warmly on each cheek. The whole party then proceeded on board the Osborne. At half-past nine a detachment of the Seaforth Highlanders was drawn up in front of the draped sheds, and on board the Osborne a guard of Marines was mounted with fixed bayonets. The Duke of Cambridge and Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar, on arrival, went on board the Osborne. By this time ft large number of people who had secured tickets from the Admiral-Superintendent had assembled on the jetty. On the left were a number of naval officers in full dress uniform, and on the right army officers of all ranks, thirty members of the Corpora- tion in their robes of office, each wearing a mourning band, and an official carrying the mace, draped. There were also a large number of ladies present, all of whom were attired in deep mourning. A number of blue jackets were paraded along the whole length of the jetty in open order. At half-past nine minute guns commenced firing from the saluting fort, and continued whilst the sad pro- procession left the Osborne with their mournful burden, and deposited it in the funeral car. This was brought alongside the draped Pavihon, which was shortly afterwards lined with officers of the various services from foreign countries. LANDING OF THE BODY. At ten o'clock when the preparations for moving the body from the Mortuary Chapel to the funeral car were completed, minute guns commenced firing from the Duke of Wellington flag-ship, which lay almost alongside the Osborne. Shortly afterwards the Princes, attended by their suites, who had been into the saloon, temporarily converted into a mortuary chapel, came on deck and stood waiting, in respectful silence, for the coffin to be brought out. Almost immediately following them came a number of bare- headed blue-jackets carrying the wreaths and other floral tributes which had been sent to Cannes, and which had been laid beside the coffin ever since it left the Villa Nevada. Conspicuous amongst them was the large white wreath sent by her Majesty, bearing the inscription: From his loving and sorrowful mother," and the large cross of violets, which was made by the Duchess of Albany. At ten minutes past ten o'clock the ship's bell com- menced to toll, and added to the already impressive spectacle. About a dozen blue jackets then emerged from the cabin deck, bearing the coffin, covered with a violet pall, which was first placed upon a rest, and was then slowly carried by the stalwart tars of the Osborne to the Pavilion. The sad procession was headed by the Rev. J. C. Edgehill, chaplain of Ports- mouth. Then followed the coffin borne by the sailors, immediately behind the Prince of Wales, the Crown Prince of Germany, the Duke of Cambridge, Prince Albert Victor of Wales—who wore the dress of a sub-lieutenant of the navy —and then the other princes and their suites. The moment the coffin reached the Pavilion, the order Present arms was heard, and almost imme- diately the well-worn flag of the Seaforth Highlanders was lowered to the ground, and the regiment saluted the remains of their once popular and deeply-loved officer. At the same moment the band of the North Lancashire, Regiment with muffled drums, played the mournful strains of the Dead March." The whole scene was so impressive and affecting that many of the spectators were in tears. The coffin was at once placed on the funeral car, and the door of the latter was left cpen for a few moments, whilst the Prince of Wales, who was deeply affected, and his Royal relatives stood at the edge of the raised plat- form, and gazed wistfully upon the coffin, which con- tained all that was mortal of the late Duke. The Royal party then entered the saloon carriages, which were placed in front of the funeral car. An engine, almost covered with crape, was attached, and the train slowly moved out of the station, the High- landers again saluting, and the band continuing to play the Dead March." Thousands of people had assembled outside the Harbour Station to see the train pass, and as the sorrowful procession proceeded along the jetty the men uncovered, and the \on1"11 bowed their heads in respectful silence. The minute guns, the loud mili- tary orders, the strains of the Dead March, the grief-stricken appearance of the mourners, and the extraordinary character of the train itself, rendered the scene probably one of the most impressive ever witnessed in this country. The line for some distance skirts the garrison recrea- tion grounds, in which the North Lan- cashire and the Leicestershire Regiments were drawn up in two lines, extending right along their ground. The train proceeded slowly over the embankment in front of them, and, as it did so, the entire body of men saluted, and reversed their arms; the flags were also lowered, and again a number of bands, with muffled drums, poured forth the impressive strains of the" Dead March." Many thousands of people were assembled hero also and evinced the greatest respect and sympathy for the occupants of the train. THE ARRIVAL AT WINDSOR. At Windsor soon after twelve o'clock the route be- tween the South-Western Railway Station and Henry VIII.'s Gate was lined by troops and thousands of spectators, all in mourning. The Berkshire volun- teers, under the command of Colonel Sir Paul Hunter and. Major Simmonds, drew up in front of the en- closure which leads to the Queen's waiting-room at the station, and formed a guard of honour. A captain's escort of the Life Guards was also mounted at the same place in readiness for the appearance of her Majesty. Just before the arrival of the Queen addi- tional decorations of the Royal waiting room were made. The platform was covered with black cloth, and on either side of the doorway through which the coffin was taken was a collection of choice flowers -violets, hyacinths, ferns, cinerarias, cle- matis, &c. Above the outer doorway, which was draped similarly to the inner one, was a silver cross on a blue ground, and the monograms I H.S. and A.O. The floor of the waiting-room, was like- wise covered with black cloth. Beyond these indica- tions of the sad occasion there was none to be seen in the station itself, save that the general public were for the time excluded, leaving it solely to the use of the mourners. Mr Chesman, the station-master, with the aid of Mr Hoskisson, superintendent of the railway police, had fharge of the platform arrangements, and they faith- « ully fulfilled the wishes of her Majesty, that as much privacy as possible should be ensured while the coffin was being conveyed to the gun-carriage. At the lower end of the arrival platform, a party of the Seaforth Highlanders, or the Duke of Albany's Own, as they are styled, were assembled as early as half- past eleven o'clock. Fine stalwart fellows they attracted considerable attention. A hundred of the same regiment with the Queen's colours and their drums and fifes formed a guard of honour. They wore their scarlet jackets faced with white, but having only the forage cap, their bonnets having been in use for some time, they lost something of their picturesque appearance, which gained for them sc much favour when they were present on another and very different occasion—the late duke's marriage. About 600 of the Foot Guards kept the centre of the roadway clear, and all spectators were rapidly con- fined to the pathway. In places where there was fear of pressure the Life Guards were drawn up so that at no time throughout the impressive scene was there any unpleasant incident. Everything was con- ducted in solemn silence and reverent observance. Just before half-past twelve the Queen left the Castle, proceeding by way of the great Quadrangle and the slope, and emerging by the gateway, which is opposite the station. The Lord Chamberlain and the Lord and Groom in Waiting were in attendance. Her Majesty was accompanied by the Princess of Wales, the Princess Christian, the Princess Beatrice, and attended by the Dowager Marchioness of Ely, the Countess of Moreton, Miss Loch, the Hon. Lady Biddulph, and by two Equerries. At thirty-six minutes past twelve o'clock the train was sighted coming round the curve near the station, and the next instant it was drawn up alongside the platform. Her Majesty quickly advanced from the waiting-room, and affectionately embraced her grandchildren. The party of Seaforth Highlanders then proceeded to remove the coffin from the van, and the melancholy task was noiselessly performed. The coffin was first placed upon a small wheeled vehicle specially constructed for the purpose, and then it was raised to the shoulders of the Highlanders who con- veyed it through the waiting-room to the gun carriage. The Princes bared their heads as the remains were being carried past them. Her Majesty seemed wonderfully calm. The coffin was covered with the St. George's ensign, and upon it were placed the duke's feathered bonnet and sword. The band of the Seaforth Highlanders, as the illustrious burden was slowly brought forth from the station, played "The Flowers of the Forest." A procession was then formed, and slowly moved towards the castle, the massed bands of the Grenadier, Coldstream, and Scots Guards play- ing Chopin's funeral marches. Heading the procession was part of the captain's escort of Life Guards, suc- ceeded by the masked bands. Then came the coffin, borne on the gun-carriage. On either side of it walked the Marquis of Lorne (in Highland costume"), Prince Louis of Battenburg, Prince Albert Victor, the Prince of Waldeck Pyrmont, the Duke of Cambridge, Prince Christian, the Duke of Hesse, the Imperial Crown Prince of Germany, and, immediately behind, the Pri-ice of Wales, who was in field-marshal uniform. Then followed the late duke's charger, a handsome dark bay, with all its trappings, and the Highlanders who had borne the body, and who were without arms. A close carriage, drawn by four grey horses, and containing the Queen, the Princess of Wales, the Princess Christian, and the Princess Beatrice, next came, the four ladies in attendance following in another carriage. On foot and behind the last carriage, were a number of gentlemen of the Royal households, headed by the Lord Chamberlain (the Earl of Kenmare); and including Dr. Royle, the late Prince's medical attendant, in uniform, -,nd Mr. Collins, his private secretary. The captain's escort closed the procession, and the Seaforth Highlanders, who had formed the guard of honour at the station under the command of Captain Brooke Hunt and Lieutenants Barlow and Warrand, fell in and brought up the rear. As the cortege ascended the sloping roadway which leads to the lower ward of the castle, it presented a grand and solemn speetacle. Every head was un- covered. There was perfect stillness, and the strains of the massed bands as they passed beneath the grey walls of Windsor fell upon the ear with softening and pathetic effect. Her Majesty continued com- posed, and once or twice looked from her carriage upon the sombre and mourning concourse. By about half-past one the last of the procession had entered the lower ward. Minute guns were fired by a battery of the Royal Horse Artillery stationed y in the Long Walk, Windsor Park, while the proces- sion passed through the streets. The Vice Chamber- lain (Lord C. Bruce), and the Very Rev. Dean of Windsor (the Rev. Randall Davidson), awaited the procession at the entrance to the Memorial Chapel, and the remains were removed by the party of Sea- forth Highlanders to the centre of the edifice. Only the Queen and the immediate relations of the deceased entered the building, which was draped with black cloth, relieved by wreaths that had been seut from all parts of the Continent, conspicuous among them being a large wreath of violets forwarded by the Empress Eugenie. A short service having been per- formed by the Dean of Windsor, her Majesty and the members of the Royal family drove to the Castle, the remains resting in the Memorial Chapel until the funeral.
THE FUNERAL. SCENES IN ST. GEORGE'S AND THE MEMORIAL CHAPELS. On Saturday morning a considerable crowd of spec- tators assembled at the principal platform of the Great Western Railway Station, Paddington, to witness the departure of the special train conveying a large number of mourners—over one hundred, in all, to Windsor, to attend the funeral, of the late Prince Leopold. The space in front of the Royal entrance was roped off, and here the distinguished company began to gather shortly after half-past nine o'clock. Many officers of State were there, as well as Cabinet Ministers. Field and other officers were present in various military dresses, some wearing white satin shoulder knots. Almost the first personage to arrive was the Archbishop of Canterbury, and he was quickly followed by the Lord Chamberlain, Sir Stafford Northcote, Sir Richard Cross, the Marquis of Salisbury, Sir William Harcourt, the Duke of West- minster, the Marquis of Hartington, Earl Granville, Lord Methuen, Lord Colville of Culross, Lord C.Bruce, Lord Kensington, Lord Sydney, Lord Brooke, Mr. Walter Long, M.P., and others. The Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, in deep mourning. Precisely at five minutes past ten, the train, which was made up of four saloon and three first-class carriages, steamed out of the station, timed to reach Windsor at ten minutes to eleven and to return, leaving Windsor at 2.25 p.m., arriving at Paddington at three o'clock. Though scarcely less balmy than Friday, the morning of Saturday was at Windsor more clouded and the sky looked threatening and rain-charged, quite in keeping with the solemn occasion which was bringing so many distinguished mourners together within the walls of Windsor Castle. The members of the Royal family who attended the ceremonial of Friday, remained at. tlw castle during the night, including the Duehess of Al- bany. During the morning the preparations for the funeral had caused much bustle about the Castle. The coffin, with the remains of the de- ceased Prince, remained in the Albert Memoial Chapel during the night, on a bier placed in line with the cenotaph of the deceased duke's fa-the 1" and a detachment of sixteen men of the Duke of Albany's Seaforth Highlanders was told off to watch the chapel, a corporal and two soldiers taking watches of two hours each at atime. They onlv withdrew when the officials of the Lord Chamberlain's department entered upon the duties of the day. One of the last incidents con- nected with the disposal of the coffin was the taking of a photograph as it rested on the bier under its crimson pall. At ten o'clock a few privileged specta- tors were permitted to take their stand in the Lower Castle-yard to witness the funeral procession as it passed on from the Albert Memorial Chapel through the yard to St. George's Chapel. Between nine and ten o'clock the Lower Ward was a scene of some bustle. The detachments of Foot Guards and police who were to be stationed about the Castle paraded there, and marched off to various parts demanding their care. Those who had obtained tickets of admittance to the precints of St George's Chapel, began to arrive and to submit their cards and themselves to the jealous scrutiny which the constables and officials had evidently been warned to show. The Upper Ward of the Castle was cut off from all observation. On the top of the Round Tower the Royal Standard floated at the mast- head, a matter of some comment to those not aware of the fact that it is only on the death of a Sovereign it is displayed at half-mast there. As time wore on the stream of arrivals increased in volume, several of the distinguished visitors bringing with them beautiful floral mementoes. At ten o'clock the Duchess of Albany drove down through the Norman Arch from the private apartments to the Memorial Chapel. She was received, as may well be supposed, with every mark of sympathetic respect as she entered to pay her pious visit to the remains of her husband. She stayed but a very short time, and then hurried back to her apartments. At an early hour the Hon. T. Ponsonby Fane, Comptroller, assisted by Mr. George f. Hertslet, Mr. F. W. Jennings, Mr. Alfred Hampton, and Mr. H. Hertslet, the chief officers of the Lord Chamber- lain's department, under the Earl of Kenmare, all of whom were attired in black and gold uniform, completed the preparations in the choir of St. George's Chapel for the funeral ceremonial. The whole of the extemporised way from the west door of the nave, fronting the Horse Shoe Cloisters, to the choir steps was draped with black, the dado being similarly treated and relieved with festooned white hangings. The floor of the choir and the cushions of the stalls of the Knights of the Garter were also enshrouded with black cloth. Upon the right of the choir, between the foot of the Com- munion steps, almost close to the east end of the Gar- ter stalls, and directly under the Royal closet, the windows of which were hung with black and white curtains, were six oak library chairs, cushioned with black cloth. They were arranged in two rows, three in each. That for her Majesty almost touched the stalls, and that immediately behind it was reserved for the Princess of Wales, the remaining four being for the other Princesses of the Royal family. The upper seats of the stalls of the Knights of the Garter, the se-its running from opposite the altar, were occupied by the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of Manchester, the Duke of Grafton, the Marquis of Salisbury, Sir Stafford Northcote, Lord Methuen, Sir R. Cross, Sir Patrick Grant, and Lord Colville, the other stalls being allotted to the invited mourners, including the Corps Diplomatique. Rising ir the centre of the choir facing the altar, ana within three yards of the chairs occupied by the Queen and Royal family, was the bier for the reception of the remains, a simple construction of light-framed iron- work, furnished on the top with moveable rollers on wheels to slide the coffin along to the lift, by which at a given signal the coffin could be lowered to the sub- terranean passage running from beneath St. George's Chapel, under the cloister, to the Royal Vault con- taining the remains of the deceased members of the Queen's family. The Queen was accompanied by their Royal High- nesses the Princess of Wales, the Princess Christian of Schleswig Holstein, the Princess Louise, Marchioness of Lorne, the Princess Beatrice, the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburgh-Strelitz, and the Princess Frederica of Hanover. At half-past eleven o'clock, his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, his Imperial Highness the Crown Prince of Germany, his Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, the other Royal Personages, the re- presentatives of absent Royal Personages, and their attendants, with the Gentlemen of her Majesty's Household and others appointed to take part in the Procession, assembled at the Albert Memorial Chapel. At half-past eleven o'clock, the Procession, having been formed, moved down the Lower Castle Yard, through the Horse-shoe Cloister, the West door of the Chapel and the Nave, to the Choir of St. George's Chapel, in the following order Servants of his late Royal Highness. Servants of the Queen who have been in attendance on his late Royal Highness. Gentlemen of the Household of his late Royal Highness. Mr. A. Royle, Hon. A. G. Yorke, Capt. A. P. C. Perceval. Major-General Charles T. Du Plat, Equerry in Wait- ing to the Queen, who accompanied the Remains from Cannes. The Representatives of Royal personages not pre- sent His Excellency Baron Mohrenheim (their Majesties the Emperor and Empress of Russia). The Count Piper (their Majesties the King and Queen of Sweden and Norway). The Count Perponclier (their Majesties the German Emperor and Empress, King and Queen of Prussia). Admiral J. H. van Capellan (his Majesty the King of the Netherlands). His Excellency Count Schimmelpenninck van Nyenhuis (her Majesty the Queen of the Nether- lands). The Count D'Oultrement (his Majesty the King of the Belgians). Admiral Hedemann (his Majesty the King of Den- mark). The Equerries in Waiting. The Groom in Waiting. The Lord in Waiting. Mr. R. H. Collins, C.B., Comptroller of the Household of his late Royal Highness, bearing the Coronet of his late Royal Highness. Major Stanier Waller, R.E., Equery to his late Royal Highness, bearing the Insignia of his late Royal Highness. The Comptroller in the Lord Chamberlain's Department. The Vice The Comptroller The Treasurer of Chamberlain, of the Household, the Household. The Lord Chamberlain. The Lord Steward. SUPPORTERS OF THE PALL. Lord Brooke. Viscount Castlereagh. Hon. Sidney Herbert. Lord Harris. Mr. Walter Campbell. Hon. H. Bourke. Mr. Raglan Somerset. Mr. Algernon Mills. The Coffin, borne by men of the Seaforth Highlanders. Garter King of Arms. HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF WALES THE CHIEF MOURNER, Supported by his Imperial Highness the Crown Prince of Germany and his Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse. His Highness the Prince Christian of Schleswig- Holstein, K.G. His Serene Highness the Reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, G.C.B, His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, K.G. His Royal Highness the Prince Albert of Victor of Wales, K.G. His Highness the Prince Christian Victor of Schles- wig-Holstein. His Serene Highness the Prince Edward of Saxe- 1 Weimar, K.C.B. His Serene Highness the Prince Louis of Battenburg. His Highness the Prince Francis of Teck. His Highness the Maharajah Duleep Singh, G.C.S.I. The Marquis of Lorne, K.T. His Royal Highness the Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg Gotha. His Serene Highness the Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Attendants on the Royal Personages. In attendance on his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales The Lord in Waiting the Lord Suffield, K.C.B., ttha Groom in Waiting Mr .A. Pepys Cockerell, the Equerry in Waiting Colonel Arthur Ellis, C.S.I. In attendance on her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales The Chamberlain to her Royal Highness, the Lord Colville of Culross, K.T.; the Lady in Waiting, the Countess of Morton. In attendance on their Royal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Schleswig-Holstein Equerry in Wait- ing, Major the Hon. C. G. Eliot; Lady in Attendance, Miss Loch. In attendance on her Royal Highness the Princess Louise, Marchioness of Lorne: Equerry in Waiting, Major A. Collins; Lady in Attendance, the Lady Sophia Macnamara. In attendance on her Royal Highness the Princess Beatrice The Lady of the Bedchamber in Waiting to the Queen. In waiting on her Royal Highness, the Hon. Lady Biddulph. In attendance on his Royal Highness the Prince Albert Victor of Wales Captain Stephenson, R.N., C.B. In attendance on her Royal Highness the Princess Frederica of Hanover: Lady in Waiting the Hon., Mrs. C. G. C. Eliot. In attendance on his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge: Equerry in Waiting, Colonel A. H. Stephens. In attendance on his Imperial Highness the Crown Prince of Germany and Prussia.—Captain von Kessel, Captain von Oldekop. Equerry in Waiting to the Queen, in waiting on his Royal Highness, Lieutenant Colonel the Hon. W. H Carrington, M.P. In attendance on his Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse.Gerit;iemen in Waiting. General Von Westerweller. In attendance on her Royal Highness the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.-GentlemeR in Wait- ing, Von Gravenitz, Lady in Waiting, the Lady Caroline Cost. In attendance on his Royal Highness the Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.—The Baron d'Ablaing de Geissenburg. In attendance on their Serene Highnesses the Reigning Prince and Hereditary Prince Waldeck and Pyrmont.—Colonel von de Wense, Dr. Mohlmann. Previous to the ceremonial the Very Rev. Randall T. Davidson, the Dean of Windsor, assisted by Mrs. Davidson and the Rev. Canon Courtney, proceeded to St. George's Chapel and disposed the various wreaths upon the steps of the altar. These included a cross from the Duchess of Wellington, a wreath from the 2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards; a wreath of white camellias, eucharis, white roses, and lilies of the valley, from the Empress Eugene; a wreath of arum lilies, white roses, violets, foliage, from the bridesmaids of the Duchess of Albany; a wreath of white tea roses, from the Australasian colonies; an immense wreath of arum lilies, violets, and eucharis, from Esher an anchor of violets and white roses, from the President and officers of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich and wreath and cross of eucharis white roses and lilies of the valley from the Dean and Chapter of St. George's; a wreath from the Mayor and Corporation of Windsor, and many other floral contributions, her Majesty's tribute of affection being a very grand circular wreath, composed of white flowers in outer circle, violet in centre, with white and touching words, beautiful in their simplicity, In loving memory." The coronet and insignia of the late duke having 1. been placed amongst the flowers on the coffin, and all the attendants and foreign representatives having entered and taken their places, according to prece- dence, in the aisle, Dr. Watts's fine old hymn, 0 God, our help in ages past," was sung by the choir to the massively simple tune of St. Ann's. For several minutes therefore the congregation stood, all save the Queen, who remained in her chair. During the singing of Spohr's anthem, Blest are the departed," the Queen and Princesses rose from their seats, aud the pall-bearers busied them- selves in arranging the folds of the flag for the [toint to which the service was tending. The Withem ceased, and the Dean c@ntinued the iervice, and at the words We therefore commit his body to the ground earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust," Mr. Walter Campbell, of Blythswood, selected by reason of his close friendship with the Duke for the honour, cast the traditional handful of mould, not upon the hollow sounding lid as is the harrowing custom, but upon the dainty silk and flowers, upon which it fell with scarce a sound. Imperceptibly, and probably unseen by half the congregation in St. George's Chapel assembled, the coffin, and the flag and flowers that had always hidden it from the sight of spectators in Portsmouth and Windsor, disappeared through the floor. While the dean read, "I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write from henceforth, blessed are the dead which died in the Lord." many of the gentlemen in the stalls were still looking towards the spot where the coffin was supposed to be. It was not, however, at this period lowered quite to the bottom, 1 hough it was out- of sight. The Prince of Wales dropped upon his knees, and the majority of the English and foreign princes and attendants imitated his example, while the dean offered up the concluding prayers. On their rising, Cardinal New- man's hymn Lead kindly light was sung by the choir, and at the third verse the Queen, taking the arm of the Princess of Wales, and followed by the other Princesses, was conducted by the Lord Chamberlain through the dean's entrance, out of the chapel. Sir Albert Woods, Garter King-at-Arms, then ad- vanced from the upper part of the choir to the side of the Lord Steward, and read the Style of his late Royal Highness in the following terms: Thus it hath pleased Almighty God to take out of this tran- sitory life unto His Divine Mercy the late Most High, Most Mighty, and Illustrious Prince Leo- pold George Duncan Albert, Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, and Baron Arklow, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, and Knight Grand Cross of th Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George, fourth and youngest son of her Most Excellent Majesty Victoria, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India, and of his Royal Highness the Prince Consort. May it please God to bless and preserve her Majesty with long life, health, and happiness." The proclamation was virtually the termination of the funeral ceremony. The Prince of Wales and a few of the Royal mourners looked down for a few ( moments into the grave, and knelt at its brink in silent prayer, while the organist played Chopin's March, and the lowering of the coffin was completed. The Royal party, this done, retired by the west door, Chopin having meantime been succeeded by Beethoven. Last of all passed out the carrying party of Seaforth Highlanders, who had been out of sight during the service; they now marched round the head of the grave, the officer saluting as he passed it. The aperture was closed, as it was opened, by invisible hands, almost as soon as the service was over, and the space was covered with wreaths. The slab on which the remains of the late Duke will rest is in the centre of the vault beneath the Albert Memorial Chapel, so that the body will be very nearly under the marble cenotaph of the Prince Consort. The coffin is placed next those of the King of Hanover and of the infant child of the Princess Frederica, and near that of the Duke of Kent. There are now 18 tenants of the Royal Tomb-house. Besides children there have been here buried Princess Amelia (1810), Princess Charlotte (1817), Queen Charlotte (1818), Duke of Kent (1820), George III. (1820), Duke of York (1827), George IV. (1830), William IV. (1837), Princess Augusta (1840), Queen Adelaide (1849), George V., King of Hanover (1878), the Duke of Albany (1884). Among other marks of respect for the late Duke of Albany paid in London on the occasion of the funeral the detachment of Grenadier Guards which mounted the Queen's Guard" and the other public duties in London, marched from Wellington Barracks to the Guard House at St. James's Palace without music. The blinds of Buckingham Palace were drawn, as were also the blinds of the various West-end Clubs. The War Office was closed, and flags were at half mast on all the public, as well as on many private buildings. Mourning boards were placed in the windows of all the shops in Buckingham Palace- road and of the principal metropolitan thoroughfares, and minute guns were fired by a detachment of the Royal Horse Artillery on the Horse Guards Parade, while the funeral was taking place. Many theatres were closed during the afternoon and evening, and no volunteer parades took place.
-s.o. œ37: THE SUFFERERS BY THE ISCHIA EARTHQUAKE. The Naples correspondent of the Daily lfeuv; writes :—"What has been actually done for the suf- ferers by the earthquake in Ischia is thus summed up by the Naples Press: Much more than 150,000 francs (the sum contributed by France) was promptly distributed among the inhabitants, not counting the food and shelter afforded to all the destitute. No one in Casamicciola has been starved for ivant I.o fibebw. and all the poor actually derived advantage from the catastrophe, the proprietors and workpeople only being really hurt in their economical condition. The regrettable delay in the distribution of the millions in the hands of the Central Committee has been caused by the difficulty of ascertaining the real truth of the pro- portions of the damage done. When the committee, willing to give prompt help, asked for the first personal declaration, 7231 were sent in, the total amount of the damage declared by these being 30 million francs. The most respectable inhabitants- of the island requested the committee not to believe these statements, and eleven engineers were sent to ascer- tain the actual damage done to moveable and im- moveable property, a proceeding which reduced the sum total of damage to eleven million francs. All this took time, as well as the calculations as to the proportions in which the several sufferers were to be compensated but to morrow (laarell 27) the Central Committee will finally complete their work, their conclusions will be approved of, and then there will be nothing more to do but begin the material liquidation, a work which will take but a few days. The sums will be distri- buted next month, when it is to be hoped that all questions connected with the practical assistance to the sufferers will be satisfactorily closed. Whether Cassamicciola will speedily or ever be restored to a flourishing bathing-place, even though a wooden- boused one, depends in a great measure on the prac- tical genius or otherwise of the proprietors- on the island."
CETEWAYO'S LAST ILLNESS. Mr. William Grant sends to England the following details of Cetewayo's fatal illness: The King was first attacked with illness on Wednesday morning. He complained of pain in his bowels and vomited. He drank some tepid water. Shortly the sickness ceased, but the pain increased. About midday he sent off for the native who wrote the letter, a copy of which I sent. This man arrived early on Thursday morning. Only the King's immediate attendants knew of his being unwell on Wednesday. On the following day the pain increased, and it was known among his own people that he was ill. Native remedies were resorted to. but without avail. On Thursday the King talked at intervals to his brothers, and expressed his wishes, urging them to remain united as a people, and to support Dinuzulu as the hereditary king of the people. On Thursday night he suffered much pain, and was unable to sleep. He continued in the same state till Friday afternoon, when he sank. He appears not to have touched food of any kind from the time he was seized. Ndabuko and his brothers have made a request that Cetewayo's remains may be deposited in the royal burial ground at Ainahlabatini, and have asked that an escort of military should be allowed to accompany the party, but I understand that this has been refused." Mr. Grant's information is derived from native messen- gers.
A man hid in a public doorway, and jumped out and kissed his wife. She didn't whoop and yell, as he expected, but remarked, Don't be so bold, mister— folks around here know me."
THE REPUBLIC OF ANDORRA. The Times, in an article referring to the Republic of Andorra, says: This diminutive State, so little known to travellers and yet so interesting from its great age as an independent Commonwealth, is situated on the southern declivity of the Pyrenees, be- tween the Department of the Ariege in France and the district of Urgel in Catalonia. Stretching from north to south about 36 miles and from east to west 30 miles, it comprises three mountain valleys and the basin formed by these valleys, which are among the wildest and most picturesque in the Pyre- nees. The population of Andorra has never been reckoned by an official census, but it was computed at 6000 souls during the first quarter of this century, and is now said to exceed 1400. Geo- graphically the territory belongs to Spain, and the language of the inhabitants is the Catalan dialect. Six months in the year, when the mountain passes are blocked with snow, the country is inaccessible from the French side, but it can always be approached from Spain through the Embalina, a branch of the river Segre, itself an affluent of the Ebro. For the very reason, however, that their vicinity to Spain gave them more to fear from the Spaniards than from the French, the Andorrans were, until within the last few years, more attached to France than to the other country. It was mainly to France that they owed their independence, and this they knew. The liberties of Andorra are not so old as those of the Republic of San Marino, which boasts of having been an autonomous State since the 5th century; but the charter which made the Andorrans a free people dates as far back as 805 A.D. In the year 790 Charlemagne, to reward the Andorrans for assisting his armies in their march through the mountains into Spain, promised them this charter, which was actually granted fifteen years later, and was afterwards ratified by the Emperor's suc- cessor. During the next 470 years wrangles often occurred between the Counts of Foix and Urgel over the suzerainty of Andorra but nothing more than suzerainty—that is, the prerogative of levying a yearly tribute in men and money—was ever claimed by either count, and towards the close of the 13th century the dispute was settled by a treaty which con- stituted the Counts of Foix and the Bishops Palatinate of Seo-Urgel joint Sovereigns of Andorra. The Counts of Foix being vassals to those of Beam, the county of Foix became absorbed in the kingdom of France when Henry of Navarreascended the French throne under the style of Henri IV. From that time until the downfall of the Bourbon Monarchy the rights formerly held by the Counts of Foix were exercised by the Kings of France but in 1794 the Revolutionary Convention decided that a republic could not wield feudal sovereignty over another republic, and so the Andor- rans were discharged from paying their annual homage and money tribute to France. This did not suit them at all, for, remaining in vassalage towards the Bishops of Urgel, they saw that their independ- ence lay at the mercy of the King of Spain ac- cordingly, when Napoleon 1. became emperor, they Detitioned humbly that he would resume the protectorate which the Republican Government had renounced. This pleased Napoleon, and a new charter was granted to Andorra in 1805, just one thousand years after the first declaration of in- dependence.
A GENEROUS ART-COLLECTOR. The Paris correspondent of the Doily News says: That persevering benefactor of humanity M. School- cher has given to the Library de L'Ecole des Beaux Arts his unique collection of engravings, which com- prises specimens of every style and school since the earliest infancy of engravers, and which contains 9000 pictures and is valued at 200,000 francs. This is the second gift of the kind M. Schcelcher has made to the Fine Arts Schools. Quite lately he made over all his beautiful bronzes to the city of Paris. This good and great old man is a strange many-sided being, loving enthusiastically every art, at home in them all, and yet living like an ascetic. He collects industriously to enrich museums. He has the tastes of the most delicate Epicurean, with the heart of a Vincent de Paul, and his fierce zeal and unyielding tenacity in rooting out abuses and trying to right wrong. As he discards all known theological dogmas, he is entirely actuated by tis own conceptions of morality and sympathies. He wants to do good, and not to save himself or win fame. He is a veteran of 1830 and 1848, and is quite as ready as General Gordon to lay down his life for any cause he takes up. The negroes in the French colonies owe their emancipation to M. Scoelcher.
A NEW USE FOR THE TELEPHONE. A police inspector at Odessa, whose name, Dob- rjinsky, deserves in spite of its dissonance to be men- tioned on account of his cleverness, has discovered a new use for the telephone. One day last week a policeman brought to the station a Jew, having in his possession a quantity of silver believed to be stolen. The silver was in a semi-molten condition, and had none of its original features remaining to assist in its identification. Hence, as the Jew stoutly declared the metal to be his own property, the police inspector was put in a fix, from which all his cross- examination of the presumed thief failed to extricate him. At last a bright idea struck him. He went to the telephone in the adjoining room, and, mentioning to the officials at the police-master's office what had happened, instructed them to utter in solemn tones, on a signal being given, the words Itsno Smeliansky, it will be better for thee to confess that thou hast robbed somebody, otherwise thy punishment will in- evitably be more severe." Afterwards, summoning the Jew into the room, he pointed to the instrument on the wall, and told him that it really did not matter whether he divulged his crime or not, as the "machine" would do it for him. At this the Jew laughed outright, while the inspector placed a sheet of paper on the table and prepared to take down the confession. When everything was ready, ho told the Jew to put the tube to his ear, and decide whether he would confess himself, or allow the machine to do it for him. Then, giving the signal, he returned to the table, when a second or two later he had the satisfaction of seeing the Jew's face turn deadly pale at hearing the solemn advice mysteriously conveyed to him by the machine," and of noting down directly afterwards a penitent confession from the thief's own lips.
A SINGULAR ACQUAINTANCE.—Lord Kames used to relate a story of a man who claimed the honour of his acquaintance on rather singular grounds. His lord- ship, when one of the justiciary judges, returning from the north circuit to Perth, happened one night to sleep at Dunkeld. The next morning, walking towards the ferry, but fearing he had missed his way, he asked a man whom he met to conduct him. The other qnswered, with much cordiality, That will I do with all my heart, my lord. Does not your lordship re- member me ? My name is John X. I have had the honour to be before your lordship for stealing sheep." Oh, John, I remember you well! And how is your wife ? She had the honour to be before me too for receiving them, knowing them to be stolen." "At your lordship's service. We were very lucky indeed to get off for want of evidence and I am still going on in the butcher trade," Then," replied his lord- ship, we may have the honour of meeting again."
VERDICT OF "NOT GUILTY." In Dublin, on Friday in last week, the Lord Chief Baron and a special jury were engaged in the Com- mission Court-house in the trial of a man named James Johnston on a charge of murder. It was brought up to Dublin from the county of Cavan under the Crimes Act, the alleged crime having arisen out of party feeling. The prisoner is stated to be an Orangeman, and the deceased, who was named Maguire, was a Catholic. The Attorney-General conducted the prosecution. A relative of the deceased, a lad about 17 years of age, stated that the deceased was returning home from a friends house, where he had drunk several glasses of whisky, about half-past ten o'clock, near Cootehill on the night of the 25th of December last, when he met on the road a party of seven or eight young men, of whom the prisoner was one. They began to jeer the deceased about Healy and Parnell, and tripped him up and struck him. He got up and resumed his journey, but before lie had gone far the young men again stopped him, and the prisoner it was alleged, struck him a violent blow on the head with a stick or a stone, the res It of which was that the deceased fell and died in a few minutes. There were many con- tradictions in the evidence, however, and a medical man, who had made a post mortem examination of deceased, stated that there was no fracture of the skull or injury to the brain, and that he was of opinion that death was caused by heart disease and was accelerated by fright. The jury returned a ver- dict of Not Guilty."
PistcUairmts Intelligent*. HOME, FOREIGN, AND COLONIAL. Div iNG ix BATHS.—Why (asks the "Lancct") will bathers in shallow baths try to dive? Surely it must be obvious to the most unreflecting mind that no man can measure his distance in plunging so accurately as to do away with the risk of striking the bottom. The buoyancy or resistance of the water is not great. and its depth is not to be judged by appearance as seen from the surface. Too much allowance is made for the effect of refraction. Plunging and diving ought to be wholly interdicted. The managers of baths render themselves lesponsible for the accidents that occur by providing boards for the very purpose of diving when the act can- not be performed without danger. This is a matter that should have attention. Of course these remarks do not apply to the case of blind or nearly blind men diving. Obviously such a perilous proceeding ought never to be permitted. Our observations are based on the danger which prevails in connection with a large proportion of swimming baths throughout the country. INDIAN WIDOWS.—A new native Indian journal has, it is stated, been started for the express purpose of ad- vocating the re-marriage of Indian widows and the re- duction of the wedding expenses, which Indian custom renders costly. In a recent number of the new organ we are told seven Hindoo widows announce their readi- ness to re-enter the marriage state. In one case the widow is only twelve years of age, and her father is anxious to betroth her to a Bengali gentleman. On the side of the male advertisers there appears to be at least an equal desire to break through the bonds of ancient custom. One is described as an official of the Public Works Department, of fine features and fair colour;" another as a Bengali gentleman in a mercantile firm, who is stated to be seeking an educated and beautiful widow." FAILURES I AMERICA.—In the United States and Canada the mercantile failures for the first quarter of 1884 is reported as follows:—United States 3295 failures for a total liability of 40,000,000 dols., against 2806 failures for a liability of 37,500,000 dols. in the corresponding period of last year. Canada, 461 failures for 5,000,000 dols. liability, against 398 failures and S,333,000 dols. liability in the corresponding period of 1853. Since 1881 the increase of failures has been in the United States 60 per cent., and in Canada 150 per cent. A TOURIST WAGEB.—A Russian paper states that a Swed ish tourist has arrived at Warsaw in fulfilment of a wager, made with two Englishmen, the conditions of which are, that during this year, from the first of last January, he shall visit all the cities of Europe which are, or have been at any time, capitals, and numbering, according to his reckoning, 106. He has, up to now, visited all the capitals of Germany (26), and from Warsaw he will go on to St. Petersburg and thence to Moscow, Vilno, and Kieff. If he succeeds he is to receive E5000 and his travelling expenses. But it appears that although he has, as yet, visited only one- fourth of the whole number of cities he has undertaken to visit, he already complains of extreme fatigue. THE PANSY.—The "Garoeners' Magazine says the florist's pansy is a modern flower, the earliest named varieties dating from about the year 1825, the one named' George IV. being the most famous. About the year 1830 a purple variety was raised in the historical Slough nurseries; and at the same time a yellow flower was imported from France. The true foundations of pansy culture were established by Mr. Thompson, of Iver, gardener to Lady Gambier, who raised a collection of fine varieties by systematic cross-breeding, and had clear ideas of the properties the flowers should possess to obtain the admiration of the florist. Amongst these properties a circular outline and a strictly symmetrical disposition of colours are of the first importance, but, as regards the colours themselves, there are two distinct classes, one known as "show" pansies, in which the range of colours is restricted, the other termed fancy" pansies, in which every shade of colour is allowed, pro- vided it is good of its kind, and laid on with some degree of geometrical decision. THE NATIONAL LIFEBOAT INSTITUTION.—At the last meeting of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, Mr. Edward Birkbeck, M.P., in the chair, the thanks of the institution, inscribed on vellum, were voted to Messrs. David Duncan and James Watt, cox- swains of the Montrose lifeboats, in recognition of the many good services in saving life from shipwreck which they and their crews have rendered, especially on the occasion of the rescue of the crew of four men of the screw steamer Mayflower, of Glasgow, which stranded on the Annat Bank during a heavy south-south-easterly gale on the 9th ult. Rewards amounting to E156 were granted to the crews of lifeboats of the Institution for services rendered during the past month, in saving 43 lives from different distressed vessels. Rewards were also granted to the crews of shore boats and others for saving life from wrecks on our coasts. The institution has been instrumental in saving by its lifeboats and other means 389 lives from various shipwrecks since 1st January last. Payments amounting to 14341 were made on various lifeboat establishments. Among the contributions lately received by the institution was 1650 from Miss Leicester to defray the cost of the new lifeboat about to be sent to Whitehaven. BRITISH WRECKS.—During the month of March there was reported to the Board of Trade the loss of 85 sailing vessels, with a tonnage of 17,199, involving 135 lives lost, and 15 steam vessels, with a tonnage of 6915, and the loss of 36 lives. This, however, is a record of reports received in the month, and not of wrecks, which occurred during that period. Many of the re- ports received in March relate to casualties which occurred in previous months. Casualties not re- sulting in total loss of vessels, and the lives lost by such casualties, are not included. ACCIDENT TO THE DCKE OF EDINBURGH.—The corre- spondent of the Standard" with the Channel Squadron, writing from Marmorica on the 21st ult., says I am sorry to say that the Duke of Edinburgh has met with a slight accident, which has obliged him to lay up. Stepping out of a boat he slipped and ricked his knee, and though at the time he thought nothing of it, he has been obliged to give the knee perfect rest for fear of a permanent lameness." In a letter written three days subsequently the correspondent remarks: I am glad to be able to say that no serious conse- quences are expected from the ricked knee from which his Royal Highness is suffering; but it is still necessary for him to remain perfectly quiet in order to avoid the possibility of lameness." DIPHTHERIA SPREAD BY A DOLL.—A curious case of diphtheria recently occurred in Amsterdam, New York (says the Sanitary Engineer.") A child, during its illness from that complaint, played with a doll, which was afterwards given to a younger child, as it was sup- posed to have been properly fumigated with sulphur fumes. This child, shortly after being allowed to play with the doll, also fell ill of diphtheria and died. A third child also fell ill after playing with the doll, but recovered. The Board of Health finding no bad condi- tions existing in or about the house sufficient to explain the appearance of the disease, traced its appearance in the family after the death of the first child to the doll. FIRE EXTINCTION IN THE CITY OF LONDON.—Re- ferring to the recent great fire in Paternoster-row, the City Press says Eleven lines of hose, supplied from eight City hydrants, worked at high pressure from the time when they were turned on, during the whole of the night, and long after the engines were withdrawn.. Although, in addition to these hydrants, eighteen steamers and five private hydrants were in use, the diminution of pressure was imperceptible. One million five hundred and forty-five thousand gallons of water were thrown on the buildings during the first two hours after the outbreak. The fire, which commenced at twelve minutes to eight p.m., threatened to be a very destructive one; at twelve p.m. it was got under and practically extinguished, principally by the aid of the hydrants. The total quantity of water used before the fire was under. control was about 2,000,000 gallons, which, when reduced to weight, is equal to 8929 tons.