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BY A SOX OF THE SOIL A GARDES-SHELTER. A shelter, designed-.according to the fjjan which is appended, can be made very Useful in the garden. It is from a sketch in a recent num- ber of the Queen, and is certainly as well de- signed as any of ttu- kind that I have seen of late. It can be constructed of fir poles, with the bark on, and rustic woodwork, as in the sketch, or even of arches and wire-netting covered with creepers, such as clematis Montana, roses, Vir- ginian creeper, &c.: bur it is desirable to have the roof of solid woodwork, to keep the place dry, and the floor should be raised a few inches from the ground for the amc purpose, the boards being tarred on their under side, and painted above. All the poles used as uprights should also be thoroughly dipped into hot tar to the depth of 15in.. to prevent thf>ir decay, and will then last for several years. The height of the roof should be about 8ft.. and the size of the interior may be from 9ft. to 12ft. square or obloog, according to taste {ind, the position to ba I A GARDEX SHELTER. occupied by the garden room. It can be lined with painted wood, but, in this case, should have side windows. The floor may bo covered with linoleum, and the furniture should be of a light and movable kind, bamboo lounges and folding chairs being advisable, as the last can be folded up at night, and bamboo is both light to move and indestructible. One or two light tables and brackets for small articles will be useful addi- tions, and the furniture can be enamelled white, when it is easy to keep it all clean. In such a place many delicate people regain their health without more medicine than that of the pure air and sunshine; the little entrance porch can be omitted, if preferred, and is more desir- able where shade is needed than in a shaded position. The present is a good time to construct a shelter, as any creepers to be planted should be put in during October or November, giving them- well t reiiehed and manured soil, with care- ful planting. THE CULTIVATION- OF FERN BALLS, The picture '-which accompanies this note shews the Fern Ball in its first year of growth, but I would advise intending purchasers to have nothing to do with men who endeavour to sell them a cheap Fern Ball in the street. I will not go so far as to say that all are valueless, but a great many of them are, and, even if one has to pay double the price, it is safer to go to a reputable dealer and get the right article. Culti- vation is an easy matter. Soak the whole de- sign for an hour or two in rain water, if possible. Let it drain, then hang up in greenhouse or window. It should be taken down and watered two or three times a waek, and kept always moist according to the dryness of the atmos- A TERV BALL. phere in which it is placed. In duo tim^ it will throw out a mass of dainty fronds. These are very preAty and will remain in luxuriance through the summer; they will turn yellow in autumn and drop -off. The.. Fot-pi, should be kept in a dry state ct-uring the winter months. Fresh fronds will come again with renewed vigour after" the design or bart is watered -in the follow- ing spring. Keep away frmn. frost and gas as much as possible-; for -early results it is best to start the growth in a greenhouse or conservatory on absut Marc» 1st. OW MICHABLMAS DAISIES. One has only to see a collection of Michaelmas daisies to be struck witli. the, pectfHaf? beauty and., greut service they render to the herbaceous border at the particular season when they are in .blooItl.; Yet, valuable as they are in 'their flowers, many of the newer types possess most graceful and spreading feathery foliage, which aldne is ar/ ornament through the summer, when interspersed with other growth of more robust character, and mostcÆthem are quite regardless of the autumn colds and rains. They are very valuable for cutting and for vases, and are quite essential-to those who-desire an extended feast of flowers. Less showy than the chrysanthe- mum, they are- more refined in forrutaxid: full of exquisite grace. is to select the best kinds, wh;rh is no, easy task for those unacquainted with them. They range in height from Bin. to 6f$.y with. vaJfying habits of .growth, and a represeptativs collection should-, contain some of each section. A GOOD HARm" PEREN-RJAL. The Mimulns, of which rgive. an iHastraaon, thrives best in rather maifet »rCi<dtions: those jgmwti lor the beauty of! tiieir fltw^prs-awe better when treated as half-hardy annuals. If sown early,-on,'warijat b$rck>rs, t&ey will flower the first laiaHHtfS. year. The coamiaa. name of the plant is the Monkey Flower; its splendid sized, and rithly- coloar,e(I blesscorns make. it pooular arfiong all growers. Some of the best varieties are: Cardirmlis, a goodl annual lot the conservatory; Cupreus, wseful for edging: fountains, rockeries, &CJ, its flowers being coppery-scarlet, and -of dwarf compact habit: and the Emperor, a large flowering duplex variety. CKLZKY.. The work of earthing up this crop mast go ca as needed, provicfed it is kept tied up occasionally. There is no need to hurry the earthing of crops that are not wanted yet. In all cases oare must be taken not to cgver the feeajcts in teething. Before earthing let air-flaked lime bt dusted along each side- of the rows and well among the plants in. ordor io prevent, the shjigs and worms from working into the hearts. Once in two or thref weeks a light sowing along ttrenches of agricultural salt will be found of great advantage to the crop, ixeting, both as a manure, a freer of other manures, and a great deterrent of insect pests, and especially of the little blood, and brandling worms that are such a nuisance in some soils. Trenches may yet be. prepared for the latest planting out of celery. Plants raised from seed sown in. the opea ground- will be the best for this purpose. Plants that were raised for the main crop-will be of no use for tvis work, Let the plants be put into the trenches at 6in. apart at this tune aad be well watered in. If properly attended, althckugh large oelery is not produced, it will often be found-that it is a useful and pay- ing crop, especially for local trade. A MEMO. TO Orchard Owners. With a view to selecting the most suitable and most economical sorts of apples for cider making, and classifying these in their order of merit from both aspects of the question, the committee of the National Fruit and Vegetable Institute of Long Ashton have delegated to Mr. James 'I Watts, of Backwell, the task of obtaining these samples. Mr. Watts writes: The National Fruit and Cider Institute" propose this F--ason I making experiments with small parcels a; apples for oilier making, covering a wide atto. I am I asked to arrange for these apples in due season. Should you know of any apples which may lend interest to the work of the Institute, I should be glad to have particulars early." Orchard owners may help on this good work. Apples with peculiarities of their own will be quite as useful as those that are already known to give good results, as often two most undesirable ciders, singly, make an excellent beverage when blended. SOFT AND DRY FOOD FOR POULTRY. A correspondent to Poultry gives the follow- ing very interesting particulars of experiments he has made in feeding his poultry. He says: I have kept a careful weekly record of the weight of sixty Faverolles and Orpingtons hatched this spring and reared on biscuitmeal, Flakerine, and Sussex meal, with a last feed of either wheat or oats. Outdoor foster-mothers were used, and placed in grass runs, the chickens being allowed out after the third or fourth day. The chickens were reared for stock and not forced in any way, with the following results: AVERAGE WKIGHTS T>ER BOZEN. Faverolles Faverolles Orpington Orpington Age. Cocks. Pullets. Goeks. Pullets. lb. tz. lb. oz. lb. oz. lb. oz. 8 weeks 4 22 12 25 12 20 4 10 „ 40 3 30 3 36 2 27 0 13 „ 57 12 40 11 51 4 38 2 16 73 8 48 0 67 4 45 0 20 „ 91 9 60 9 90 0 54 0 lb. oz, weeks OLD. Each, Therefore at 13 the Faverolles cocks averaged 4 13 It ft pullets 3 6 29 99 Orpington cocks 4 4 ot 11 pullets 3 3 This gives an average weight for the sixty chickens of 31b. 14oz. at thirteen weeks old, and the cost for food and oil was lOd. each chicken. If sold for table they would be worth at least 2s. 6d. each alive, which leaves a good margin for labour, rent, &c. There were thirty-five cocks and twenty-five pull ets, and there was no mortality. In the case of the experiments mentioned above, the average weight was about 21b. 2oz. a chicken at thirteen weeks old, and the cost each chicken about 9d. They would be worth about la. 3d. each for table. lb. oz. Weeks. My heaviest Faverolles cock weighed 9 0 at 24 to 91 pullet 6 4 ft Orpington cock 8 9 „ pullet 511 tt I trust this may be of interest, and that others will give their experience, as, if poultry- farming is to pay, it is most important to grow chickens quickly, especially for table.

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