Welsh Newspapers

Search 15 million Welsh newspaper articles

Hide Articles List

8 articles on this Page



MTIONIL EISTEDDFOD At |i HUYL, The tirst meeting of the National Eisteddfod for 1904 was held at Rhyl on Tuesday in the huge pavilion raised at great cost for its worthy accommodation. The opening day of the Eisteddfod had not been marked with many successful features. Hardly a town in Wales is better situated and more accessible, and certainly no Eisteddfod was ushered in with more favourable climatic conditions, but there had been an indefinable something wanting which has disappointed experienced Eisteddfodwyr. THE GORSEDD. WAt a quarter past eight o'clock the Gorsedd procession started from the Town Hall to the Gorsedd Circle, near the Alexandra Hospital. The Archdruid (Hwfa Mon), accompanied by Cadvan, the Deputy Bard of the Gorsedd, and the Hon Mrs Bulkeley Owen occupied a carriage. It was a glorious morning, and the people of Rhyl were out, visitors included, to witness the procession and the ceremonies w ,I to follow. They surrounded the Gorsedd Circle, and continually growing throng. When the Archdruid appeared, supported on either side by Cadvan and the Hon Mrs Bulkeley Owen, there was a hearty cheer, and the Archdruid and Cadvan took their peats upon the Logan Stone. Here they were surrounded, within the inner circle Ly all the initiated who had formed the procession, and by otbars, including Lord Mostyn (president of the Eisteddfod), Lady Mostyn, the Hon Mrs Savage Mostyn, Sir John Williams, Sir Marchant Williams, Mr William Jones, M.P., and the Bishop of St Asaph. The stones forming the two circles were festooned with strings of oak leaves and mistletoe, symbolic of the Cymric bards, and of heather, symbolic of the six Celtic nationalities in union. Hwfa Mon was seated in the bardic chair won by him at the Mold Eisteddfod in 1873. In the face of the sun," which shone genially upon the scene, the Archdruid called upon Perseinydd," who sounded with much art the silver rousing horn of the country, and then proceeded to open the Gorsedd with the usual ceremonial of sheathing the great Gorsedd sword. Rhylfab" (Dr Abel Parry) uttered the Gorsedd prayer, and "Eos Dar" sang "penillion" to the strings of the triple harp. Lady Mostyn presented the hirlas horn, Mrs Savage Mostyn the crown, and Mrs Balkeley Owen the cornucopia. Lord Mostyn, standing upon the Logan Ntone, read the following telegram from the Queen of Roumania (" Carmen Sylva "), a Royal lady, ho said, who had endeared herself to every member of the Gorsedd and of the Welsh nation: Please be the messenger of love to the beautiful Eistedd- fod, which will always remain like music in my ear" (cheers). They had, within view cf all, at that Gorsedd the stone Y Gareg Wen." It was a historical stone, for upon it once stood, when she was Princess Victoria, the late Queen Victoria (cheers). He hoped the stone would always remain on its present site as a monument of what he hoped would be one of the most success- ful eisteddfodau ever held in Wales ^cheers). Bardic addresses were given by Watcyn Wyn, Spinther, and Cadfan. Taldir (the Breton representative, M Jeffrennou) also gave an address. He was accompanied by a number of his colleagues of the six nations who attended the Congress at Carnarvon last week. Gwynedd (the Rector of Aber) and Gwnyfa (Mr Beriah G Evans) gave brief addresses in memory of the Gorseddogion who had passed away since the last Eisteddfod. Next the interest suddenly shifted from the centre to without the circle. Courteous but insistent policemen were forming a broad lane through the crowd on the east, and along it came a party of ladies and gentlemen conducted by the Bishop of St Asaph. They were recognised, and a cheer was raised. It was the Princess Louise Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein who walked first with the Lord Lieutenant of Flint- shire, Mr H R Hughes, of Kinmel, her present host, and with them were the Hon Mrs Brodrick, of Coed Coch, the Hon Mary Hughes, of Kinmel, the Misses Hughes, and other ladies. They were admitted to the inner circle, and the bestowal of a series of honorary degrees of the Gorsedd was pro- ceeded with by the Archdruid, assisted by Cadvan, Gwynedd, and Mrs Bulkeley Owen. The Princess was the first to receive the honour of induction to the mystic circle. Conducted to the flower-strewn sword before the Logan stone, she was declared to be initiated as an ovate under the name of "Dwynwen," a goddess known to the mythology of Ynys Mon, and a green ribbon, the colour of her degree, was bound round her left arm. Three cheers for the Princess were raised by the surrounding crowd, which Cadvan led by voice and gesture. The following were also admitted in a similar manner as ovates :-The Hon Mrs Brodrick, Gwenddolen; the Hon Miss Mary Hughes, "Mair Kinmel;" Lady Mostyn, of Talacre, "Rhian y Ffynon (Maid of the Well) Miss Isabel Tate, of Downing Hall, "Rhian y Wibnant (Maid of the Hill); Mr J L Muspratt, Rhyl, 11 Fferyll; Mrs Cookbnrn, Dublin, Celt- gares Miss Treacy, Dublin, Llinos yr Iwerddon; Miss Cecilia Hitchcock, Dublin, "Deirdre;" Mr Owen, Car- michael. Mab y Mynydd (Son of the Mountain): the Rev J Percy Treasure, Cambre; M Francis Evan. Carwr ef Fro Mrs C L Jenner, Mor Forwyn and Mrs Hamer Lewis, "Morfudd Elwy." The Princess Louise took several snapshots of the groups within the circle during the conferring of the degrees. I:> THE EISTEDDFOD MEETING. There was an influential gathering on the platform, and an audience of respectable dimensions in the body of the hall. when the president for the early part of the day, Lord Mostyn, reached the presidential chair in company with her Highness Princess Louise, Mr Hughes and party, the Lord Bishop of St Asaph, the members of the Gorsedd in their robes, the Pan-Celtic delegates, and others. The meeting started late, but the programme was well in hand shortly after eleven o'clock, and proceeded to the end without any interruptions or irritating intervals. Mabon was absent at Leeds, and his duties as conductor had to be discharged by Mr Tom John (Llwynpia). Mr Maldwyn Humphreys, who had been announced to sing the Eisteddfod song, was similarly absent, and an excellent sub- stitute was forthcoming in Nora Meredith, who gave that inimitable lullaby, Y Fam a'i baban." Mr A Rowlands, Town Clerk of Rbyl, read, and the Chairman of the Council (Mr A L Clews) presented an address of wel- eome to the Princess, who in reply said:— I express my most sincere thanks for the ljyal and warm welcome given ms hero to-day, and it is a special happiness to ire to be here, because this is the first time I have taken part in t," famous national! fe.t val, in which I he been made an 4.. vate, an honour of which I am very proud. [ am glad the Eisteddfod is being held in the neighbourhood in which I have spent many happy days, and which is full of happy memories, thanks to the kindness of my friends, who have made me so thoroughly at home (cheers). The delegates to the Pan-Celtic Congress I were next received. As the Scottish pipers played, the delegates proceeded to the front of the platform. Watcyn Wyn, bear- ing the Welsh half of the symbolic sword, stood on the right of the Archdruid, and M Jeffrennou, the Breton delegate, stood on the left, bearing the Breton half of the sword. The two halves were joined at the hilt by the Archdruid, and Mrs Bulkeley- Owen bound them together with ribbons of the Gorsedd colours, white, blue, and green, thus completing a ceremony typify- ing the unity of the Brythonic races. Lord Mostyn gave a hearty welcome to the delegates representing Brittany, Scot- land, Ireland, Isle of Man, and Cornwall, and expressed his regret at the absence of Lord Castletown, the president of the Celtic Association, and referred to the non- political and non-sectarian character of the Pan-Celtic movement, whose mission, he said, was a thoroughly pacific one (applause). Speeches in reply were given by Mr Fournier, who spoke in Erse, the Hon Walter Gibson, of the Gaelic League, who wore the Irish costume, the Mayor of Carnarvon (Mr W G Thomas) representing Wales, M Jeffrennou representing Brittany, Mr Theodore Napier representing Scotland, and Professor Jenner representing Corn- wall. "Hen Wlad fy Nhadau" was afterwards sung, and the business of the Eisteddfod was at once proceeded with. Mr William Jones, the member for Arvon, was the president of the afternoon meeting, and in a short address in Welsh he bewailed the absence of proper text books to teach Welsh school children in the history, language, and literature of their native country. He ventured to suggest that Wales was the only country which was guilty of such an omission. This was not for the lack of talent to produce the books, for the University Colleges contained hard working and self-sacrificing scholars who did a great deal of this work for the benefit of the country, but it was not being availed of. Now that the education of Wales had passed into the hands of the county councils great would be the responsibility of those bodies if they did not see that a series of suitable text books was prepared for use in all their schools (cheers). Bismarck had taught the people of his country that their native language must be the basis of the study of all other languages, and it should be so in Wales (hear, hear). He also thought that the Eisteddfod, besides offering prizes in competitions, should offer encouragement to scholars who did valuable work in comparative seclusion. In this connection he observed that by far the most important event of the past year in this respect was Mr Daniel Rees's trans- lation of Dante's Divine Comedy." Touching the musical side of tho Eisteddfod he regretted the prospect of meeting only one Welsh choir in the chief choral com- petition. Welsh singers spent their ener- gies to an excessive extent in preparing for competition, whereas they should emolate the English choirs in their love of musical discipline and singing for singing's sake (cheers). THE AWARDS. The following is a list of the awards in the various competitions :— Adjudication on the best rug (not less than 30-in. by 12-in.), designed and made by elementary school boys or girls-Mr Tedie Evans, Carmarthen. Adjudication on the relief map of Wales, suitable for class teaching, done in any material—Mr B Morris Lewis, London. Adjudication on the best chart or map showing the changes effected around the Welsh Coast by the enroachment and recessions of the sea since the year 1800- Mr E M Lewis, Rhydyclaidy, Pwllheli. Adjudication on the best specimens of educational handwork, done in any material, by a class of pupils under 15 years of age -Mr Tom Davies, Higher Grade School, Port, Glamorganshire. Competition, contralto solo, (a) Oh my Harp Immortal," (b) The City of Rest —Miss Lily Fairney, Cardiff. Competition, pianoforte solo, Chopin Study in C minor "—Mr Percy Hughes, Brynaman, Aberdare. Adjudication on the ballad to the I" Ballad Singer "—Prize divided between Gwili and Mr Meilir Evans, Cardiff. Adjudication on the discriptive song, The Hiring Fair "-Mr David Owen, Star Shop, Denbigh. Adjudication on the drama, illustrating any event in the history of Wales-Prize divided between Miss Elian Hughes, Amlwch, and Mr Ifano Jones, Cardiff. Competition, children's choir, under 16 years of age, 40 to 50 voices, (a) Change of Key," (b) Go, springtime go "-Plant y Pentre, Everton, Liverpool, under the conductorship of Mr R T Edwards. Competition, mixed quartette, "In the hour of softened splendour "-Mr J W Protheroe and party, Llanelly. Adjudication on the essays, a list with short notes of eminent Welshmen who flourisbed between 1700 and 1900—Not one worthy of the prize. I Adjudication on the weaving, (a) Welsh tweed for ladies's costume-Messrs T Williams and Son, Trefriw. (b) Welsh tweed for gentlemen's costume-Ivor Wynne. (c) Welsh shawl or rug-Messrs J T Hughes. Vale-street, Denbigh. (d) white Welsh flannel-" Gwerinwr." (e) flannel in fancy colours-Messrs T Williams and Son, Trefriw. (f) Welsh blankets- Messrs M Edwards and Son, Dolwen Mills, Lampeter. Competition, recitation, over 18 years of age, •' Morfa Rhuddlan "—1 Mr H R Davies, Llanfairfechan; 2 Miss Maggie Jones, Yspytty. Adjudication on school work, for the best set of drawing exercises done by pupils attending any elementary or county school in Wales-u Newport." For the best in girl's outfit, of not less than six articles (one article must be a pair of stockings), and made by pupils under 1-3 years of age attending an elementary school in Wales-Second prize awarded to Oakley Park County School. Adjudication on the translation into English of "Ystorya de Carolo Mago" from the Red Book of Hergest with a critical introduction, and an account of the relation of the Welsh version to other tests-Rev Robert Williams, senior curate, Llandudno. Adjudication on the historical and critical essays on the late "Ieuan Glan Geirionydd "-Mr Griffith Jones (Glan Menai), Llanfairfechan. Choral Competition, to choirs from 60 to 80 voices, (a) "The Storm," (b), "In vain you tell your parting lover." 1st, choir under the conductorship of Mr T J Powell, Dyffryn, Nantlle. Adjudication on the translation, "The present crisis and stanzas on freedom." Prize divided between Mr D E Walters, Llanymddyfri, and 61 Myfyr Mai,who aid not appear. THE EVENING CONCERT. The first performance of a new oratorio, "Captivity," by Mi ) Emlyn Fn3, was given before only a moderate audience, Mr J Herbert Roberts, M.P., presided. The solo parts were sustained by Miss Maggie Davies (Hebrew maiden), Mr Maldwyn Humphreys (Chaldean priest), and Mr David Hughes (Hebrew prophet), supported by the Eisteddfod choir of 300 voices and an orchestra of 50. Miss Maggie Davies sang with much artistic fervour and tenderness. Mr Maldwyn Humphreys and Mr David Hughes sustained the more declamatory numbers with marked ability. Their names are a sufficient guarantee of artistic performance. Mrs Tayleurassisted. The principals in the quartette "Thrice happy day," which was encored, rendered their part creditably. Albeit lack of precision and indecisive attack at times marred the singing, one or two choruses were rendered admirably, and received well-merited encores. Altogether the cratorio has much to commend it. Some very fine choral effects met with the hearty appreciation of the audience, who accorded an ovation to Mr Emlyn Evans at the close. Mr Wilfrid Jones conducted with con- spicuous ability, his training of the choir reflecting great credit.. The second portion of the concert was of a miscel- laneous character, sustained by the successful ohpir of the afternoon, who sang the test pieces in a delightful manner. There was a great reception of Miss Maggie Davies, Madame Annie Grew, Mr Maldwyn Humphreys, Mr David Hughes, and the Eisteddfod choir and orchestra.