-3LAI flf you are milking two or H more cows and are not using a I New Alfa-I^aval Cream Separator, you are wasting botk money and quality of cream every day. The larger y«u herd thel greater your loss without an' Alfa ],aval." The "Alfa-) Laval" saves e»ougli over: setting-pans to pay for itself in six months; an4 *v«r other Separators in 12 months Sales Exceed Try a N«w Model "Alfa-Laval" wasting botk money and quality of cream every day. The larger you herd thel greater your loss without an' Alfa ],aval." The "Alfa-) Laval" saves e»ougli over: setting-pans to pay for itself in six months; ani ever other Separators in 12 months Sales Exceed Try a N«w Model "Alfa-Laval" in your own dairy. It is the best investment you ca. pos- sibly make. Skims cleaacst, turns easiest. Last longest and c.sts teast far repairs. a<;ekts— Wm. Thomas & Son, Hall Street, Carmarthen; T. M. Williams, Ironmonger, LlandiW.
[Au. RIGHTS RESERVED.] PRACTICAL AGRICULTURE. PRIMROSE McCONNELL, B.Sc., F.G.S. (Author of A Notebook of Agricultural Facts and Figures," Elements of Farming," etc.). THE IMPORTANCE OF KEEPING PEDIGREE STOCK. WHY HIGH-CLASS FARMING PAYS. All the breeds of domestic animals that we have in this country have descended from a very email num- ber of breeds existing in prehistoric times, and we are able practically to go back to those prehistoric times and discuss what the live stock of our savage ancestors were like. On the other han e different breeds of each class now existing have practically been developed within the last few oen- turies. Breeds have now become very much differ- entiated, and thus it is tnat each district has breeds which suit best for that locality, as there were lar^y in the beginning the result of selection." Bakewell m the middle of the 18th century started on what might be called a system o artificial selection." and worked with the Long horrid cattle and the Leicester sheep. The which he enunciated and practised have borne fruit ever sincc, and his pupils who took up the bieodin. of other varieties of animals have developed these on the same lines, practically beginning first ^ith the Shorthorns, and others have followed from time to time, and now in the case of each one of the domestic animals horses, cattle, eheep and po- ther# has been a continuous practice of the met» of artificial selection so as to develop these on cer- tain lines more or lees useful for farming purposes. BREED RECORDS. Thus each breed as it became developed and selected, and improved, had fanners who ^rt.x what we nowadays call stud book., herd books, and flock books, and registered in these the descent of each individual animal as it came along, and thus, as it were, fixed its pedigree from the original begin- ning of the improved breed. Some of those pedigree books go back for ninety years, as in the case of the Shorthorns, while others have only been ro augurated within the last year or two, hke the Gritstone sheep and the Ulster pig; but the usual standard tact is that the longer the pedigree has been carried back the more firmly have been faxed the characteristics of each breed in the constitution of the individuals. This registration is practically a description of the descent from the first good animals of the breed, and the good points of the ame have become more and more fixed or concentrated as generation after generation went past. This fixing has taken a long time. It is held by some authorities, for instance, that each young animal only partakes of the nature of its mother to the extent of 1-16, and that the other 15-16 are derived from its other ancestry in the shape of the .I;irm and grand-eires and dams as far baok as pos- sible. It is indeed held that it requires six genera- tion's to 'fix the type, so as to firmly establish "purity," and even then occasionally a young animal may be born which "throws back," and mainfeets the cross of some unimproved ancestor. The adher- ence to a certain type in artificial selection best fees the characteristics more and more, and thus strengthens the prepotency, as it is called, that is the power to impress these characterises on the succeeding offspring. MUCH INFERIOR STOCK. It is a surprising fact, however, that though there have been so many societies devoted to the improve- ment of our live stock for a very long time there is still a largo amount of inferior stock in the country. If one goes to any market place he will find ever- lasting examples of inferior animals. The majontj of farmers have got the idea in their minds as to the type of animal they prefer, but not everyone takes the trouble to try and breed to this, and thus there are in this 20th century many "scrubs still to be found. Apparently a large number of farmers will continue to breed from anything. No doubt breeding on high-class lines means the expenditure of a vast sum of money to get the very best animal in the market to breed animals which are worthy of < exportation after being bought by rich men; but apart from this it pays to buy the best one can afford for improving the ordinary farm stock- If a farmer is breeding horses, for instance, it would be best for him to hire the best sire suited to the clasa of mare that he uses, and a pound or two extra may be very usefully expended per foal in getting a superior animal. In the case of bulls again, particularly, when it is remombered that in an ordinary dairy there should be something like 50 young calves produced, the extra expense of getting a good ki-Lirqhl, say 910, amounts to only a few shilling" more per head on the progeny obtained, and this is Practically nothing compared with the benefct in letting good stock. EXPERIENCE. The writer speaks feelingly on this matter, for once as an experiment he bought some bulls good of a kind, but unsuitable for crossing with the cows he then owned, and the young stock produced after- wards were anything but satisfactory, and practi- cally represented a loss of £ 2 per head compared with what would have been realised if first caass stock had been produced. An expenditure of a few more pounds on the sire would have been practioallv nothing, and an ever so much better kind of stock would have resulted. In the matter of mere selling as farming produce, well-bred animals always well best and alwavs do best if kept at home, and there is a great deal of satisfaction in feeling or even in looking at well-bred stock, compared with looking at the unshapelv mongrels which are sometime* found about. All the difference between inferior and good stock consists in the expenditure of a few pounds extra on the sire. and this is well repaid in the benefits obtained. A TIMELY LEAFLET. The Board of Agriculture has issued a Leaflet oR the question of store cattle versus the daughter >oung calves, and everyone interested should obtain it copy. In this it is urged that BUOOCSS in rearing (it,peuds much on getting the right kind of calf, i.e., well bred. With ill-bred animals all the trouble and expense involved in rearing may be thrown a way. Where the calves are sold again it will be found that well-bred ones always sell well even when the market is glutted with inferior ones, and breeders who employ the best bulls can always rely on a steady demand at satisfactory prices if they cannot rear the calves themselves. It is complained that many dairy farmers merely keep a bull to main- tain the flow of milk without any intention of rear- ing calves at all, but in such a case there could be no objection to keeping a bull of a good type, and even ot a good beef type and a good system to follow is to use an Abecdeen- Angus bull with Shorthorn cows: the writer kuows of this kind of bull ased with Ayrshire cows with g-reat suocess also. While the leaflet above quoted refers only to eattle the same ideas and principles apply equally well to all other classes of farm stock: tha oxpen diture of a little erctra money on a good sire will **npr6ve the progeny immensely and out of all pro- Portion to the outlay, while the ultimate results will be better also. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. Honey: T.H.—To sell'honey you should advertise it in your local papers. Honey is very warce, this year in some districts and will sell well, but it is only by advertisement you can got customers. I c>ould not give names of any persons of firms who buy. Rook on Small Farming: H.W.W.-It is not Permissible in this column to advertise specific book's, but. any bookseller will be able to give you tho names °f those specially intended for small farmers. To st°ck a farm of' 80 acres will roquiro the most of £ 1.000 to do it thoroughly, though some could start on half that sum. There is not a very hopeful JNttlooik before you if you need to ask a question like that or need to read to learn how to farm.
MARKETS. CATTLE. DERBY, July 5th.—A holiday market. Fair show of cattle, but trade favoured butchers, demand being quiet and prices rather easier. Good show of mutton best light-weights being in rather better request, but ewes and heavy-weights were easier bought. Lambs were sold in favour of buyers, but pigs were a very firm market, demand being in excess of the supply. SHREWSBURY, August lst.-At this special sale 1,167 store cattle were offered, but trade showed a great alteration from the last special sale, being just as slow as it was then keen, and very few cattle were sold. A few two-year-old Herefords and one bunch of Devon steers made up to 40s. per live cwt., but the general run of prices for the Herefords was about 39s., although not many were sold at this price dealers being unwilling to accept the lower prioes offered. Some useful half-meated Irish bullocks could be bought at about 37s., although one lot of this class was bought in at 38s. Younger Irish oattle not so forward in condition, sold at 35s. to 36s., but hero again dealers, having bought dear, were un- willing to sell at a loss, and, although there were several buyers present, not many sales were effect- ed. Sheep were a very sharp trade. a bunch of Shropshire lambs in good condition making 35s. pach. LEICESTER, August 2nd.—Only a small supply of store cattle, but there was practically no trade, dealers not being willing to sell at lower rates. Dairy cows sold very well, excellent prices being realised for promising animals. Rearing calves were also in demand, but did not realise the extremo rates of a month ago. WELLINGTON (SALOP), August 4th.-Quite a holiday market, only 114 beasts being on offer; trade slow and prices lower than they have been for some time, best fed beasts making about 41s. 6d. per live cwt. Sheep were also an easier trade, prices being about 2s per head lower than last week. Pigs Bell- ing very well, best quality making about 13s. per score dead weight. LONDON, METROPOLITAN (Cattle Market), August 4th.—At the Bank Holiday market there was a small attendance of buyers, and trade was very ,-low with lower prices for both cattle and sheep. Of the cattle weighed, three Welsh Runts realised 408 per live cwt. Lambs declined d. per lb. 2 TREGARON, August 5tb.-At the fair to day 255 store cattle, 31 dairy cows, and 170 store pigs were offered; trade very quiet, sellers of store cattle not being willing to accept the lower prices offered, while when sales were effected, prices showed a fall of about 10s. per head compared with the previous fair. Not many really good milking cows on offer, but those shown were eagerly bought; 3rd quality beasts, however, were not in much demand. Store pigs in good request, previous rates being again maintained. SALFORD, August 5th.—Nearly 1,500 fat cattle in the market, but, with only a limited demand, trade was slow, with prices showing a downward tendency. Sheep were also in rather poor request, but lambs of really good quality were wanted, the bulk of the supplies being of a rough class, which were difficult to sell. SHREWSBURY, August 5th.-Domand for catico nothing like so good as last week, prices showing a pretty general fall, 1st quality making about 40s 5d per live cwt.. or 7-td to ndper lb. dead weight, while cows and bulls made from 6d. to 6id. per lb, Sheep were also cheaper than last week, prices showing a fall of id., and in some cases d. per lb. Fat pigs in keen demand, best quality making 12s 9d. per score. WOLVERHAMPTON, August 6th.-About 280 fat cattle, quality being rather better than it has been; trade, however, was not so good, prices showing a fall of JE1 per head from last week, the average for best quality cattle being about 41s. 6d. per live cwt. while a few beasts were sold to weigh at 8d. per lb. dead weight. Sheep trade was also not very keen, all dlasses making about id per lb. less money than 4 last week. Pigs, however, continued in very good demand, porkers and cutters making up to 13s. per ^LEICESTER, August 6th.—Firm trade for prime fed cattle, which made about 7!d. per lb., but all other qualities were cheaper, the average rates being from 6d. to 7d per lb. Only a small market of sheep and lambs; the former were a better trade by 3s. per head for the best quality wethers, which made about 8-d per lb., but lambs were cheaper, nice light-weights making 8 £ d., or the same price as mutton. Poor show of veal calves, only 30 being in the market, and trade for these was dull at 8id. per lb. Very few pork pigs on offer, consequently high prices were made, best quality realising 13s. 6d. per score. BIRMINGHAM (Pigs: daily).—Supplies included 910 from the Eastern, and 110 from the Midland, counties, 260 from Wales, 140 from Goucestershrre, 120 from Essex, and 100 from Somersetshire. Bacon pigs 1st quality. 13s. per score equivalent to 9s. Id. per stone of i41bs.), 3rd quality. lis. 9d. per score f8s. 3d. per stone); porkers. 2nd quality, 13s. peT score (9s. Id. per stone). PROVISIONS. LLANDILO, Sat., Aug. 9.-Large supply and good attendance. Quotations :-Butter-fresh Is. Bid. and Is. Id. per lb, tub Is., eggs Id. each, duck eggs 11 for Is.; cheese-Welsh (new) 3Ad. per lb., old 63d. and 6d., cream and Caerphilly 8d., Cheddar 9d. Poultry: Turkey-trussed Is. Id. per lb, chick- onii-tnissed from 3s to 3s. 6d. each, alive from 4s. 9d to 5s 6d a coupe, ducks—trussed Is Id per lb, alive from 2s. 9d. to 3s. 3d. each, fowls-trussed lid. per lb. Fish: Trout Is. per lb, sewin la. 9d., salmon 2s. 3d. Fruit and vegetables: Potatoes lid. per lb, broad beans 2d., French beans 3d., peas from 2 £ d. to 4d., apples 4d., melons 9d. each, plums -stowing 3d. per lb., greengages from 6d. to 8d., tomatoes 9d., cucumbers 5d. each, cabbage 2d. each. Meat: P-,oef-prime joints 9id. per lb., other cuts d. and 9d. per lb, steak lid., hearts Is. 6d., tongue Is. 9d. each, veal from 8d. to lOd. per lb., liver 7d., calves' heads 8d. each, mutton 9d. per lb, pork 9d. and lOd., lamb lOd. and lid. WHITLAND, Fri., Aug. 8.—There was a good attendance and supply. Butter salted in casks 10 £ d to lid. per lb., unsalted in lumps lid. per lb., and salted in pound rolls lid. to Hid. per lb. Eggs, 12 for 1& Rabbits. 7d to 8d each. Beef 8d to 9d, mutton 9d. to 10d., and lamb 10d. to lid. per lb. CARDIGAN, Sat.. Aug. 9.-There was a good market, and prices showed an advancing tendency. Unsalted butter in lumps—best quality lid. and seoonds ld per lb.; pound rolls advanced Is to Is 2d per lb. Eggs were dearer at 10 for Is. Fair supply of poultry, chickens selling at iOd. and ducks Is. per lb. Beef 9d. to lid., veal 8d. to 10d., and lamb 10d. Home-grown potatoes Id, per lb. CARMARTHEN, Sat., Aug. 9.-There was a large attendance at the provision market here to. day, and trade was good. Quotations:—Butter—in pats Is. to Is. ld. per lb., cask lid.; poultry-hick- ens 10d. to lid., fowls 3s. 6d. a couple, ducks 10d. to lid per lb. cheese 44s per owt., eggs Is a dozen. NEWCASTLE EMLYN, Fri., Aug. 8.-There was a large attendance, and a large amount of provisiona Ac., changed hands. There was a good tone through- out. A large supply of butter sold well, and showed an advance of d per lb. since last week, viz., unsalted lumps lid per lb.. in casks blended lQgd to lid, in rolls If. per lh.: eggs advanced 10s. per 120 an- graded poultry selling well, good supply—young fowls from 3. 6d. to 5s. per couple alive, old fowls from 2s. 6d. to 3s. per couple, ducks 6d. to 6jd. per Hp.; porkers in good demand at 89 6d. per score, rweaners f fair trade from 183 to 23s each; old sheep a moderate demand from 2gd. to 3d. per lb., yearling sheep 4d. per lb., good trade, rearing calves from 25, to 30s. each; fat bulls from 24s. to 2Ss. per cwt., yearling store cattle from JE7 to JM each, two-year-old ditto from £ f) to £ 13 each, three. year-old from JE12 to £16 each; fat cattle scarce up to 36s. per cwt., fat cows a fair trade from 24s. to E!K. cows with calves from jE15 to £ 17 each. BUTTER CORK, Sat., Aug. 9.-Seconds 90s, superfine 93s, and fresh from 93s per cwt.
GLYNARTHEN. LOCAL SUCCESSES.—At the National Eisteddfod at Abergavenny Master Johnnie J. Owen, Waunfawr, won in all five first prizes, and his brother, Master Evan G. Own. one first prize, for drawing in the juvenile competition. Both are pupils of the Glyn artbeii Council School, and this speaks in itself of the excellent teaching of Mr. D. 0. Jones, C.M., who is an old Henllan bov.—On the same day as the awards were made at Abergavenny the father, Mr. J. D. Owen, won two firsts with his Shorthorn bull calf "Arthur Lad," beating the winner of the first prize at Llanelly the previous Monday. Bravo, boys!
IALO-LO SEPARAT R Write for fall particulars'and nearest a. gent, to R. J. FULLWOOD & BLAND, II it 36. govenden Street, Hoxtoo. Loadoa. K.
Carmarthen County Local Polica Courts—Carmarthen ounty. SATURDAY, August 9th, before Mr. D. L. Jones (in tho chair), Mr. Thomas Lewis, Brynglas; Capt. E. C. Jennings, Gellydeg; Major T. H. Dowdes- well, Llanetephan, and Mr. J. B. Arthur (Mayor of Carmarthen). POACHING CASES. David Evans, White Mill, Abergwili, pleaded guilty to trespassing in pursuit of game on land owned by Mr. Edward Harold Morris, Bryn- myrddin. Mr. Morris, who prosecuted, stated that the defend- ant was seen 011 Merlin's Hill in company with two^ others. He was carrying a gun. We are very much annoyed by people trespassing. Supt. Jones proved convictions against the defend- ant. The Benoh imposed a fine of 15s. and costs £2 2s. inclusive. Benjamin Evans, the Croft, and George Stargent, Pantywrach, Llanddarog, were charged with tres- passing on the Middleton Hall lands, and also for refusing to give their names and addresses. Mr. W. J. Wallis-Jones prosecuted. Evans pleadel guilty, but Seargent did not appear Mr. Dexter, game-keeper, proved the case, and the defendants were fined 10s. and costs for each offence. Thomas Wilson, Cwm Howell Farm, Llanarthney, was also fined £1 including costs for being unlaw- fully in pursuit of game between the Middleton Hall and Earl Cawdor's Estates. P.C. Jno. Thomas proved the case. A fine of JB1 including costs was imposed'. BROKEN FINGER LOOK YOU. James Carter, collier, Closyrynfawr, Drefach, charged with being drunk and disorderly, caused soma amusement. P.C. Jno. Thomas stated that at 9.15 p.m. on the 2nd August, he saw the defendant drunk and dis- orderly in the Parish of Llanddarog. He had his coat., waistcoat and cap off, and was making use of very bad language. Possessing a peouliar dialect, with an admixture of the English and Welsh languages he repeatedly interrupted the police officers' evidenoe, "Not so much marohgen anwyl i," he shouted, "I have broken the top of my finger look you, and I get compensation, and so I could not fight. Holding up his damaged finger he added, "Have a look at it fachgen. Indeed to goodness I could not do much with that finger, look you." I Boing ordered to pay 5s. and costs, he stood erect in th dock and saluting the bench remarked, "Thank you very much your worships," laying special emphasis on the last syllable. "How much is that fachgen," he shouted to the Clerk at the table, and having been told the amount he placed down some money. He was politely in. formed that he put down a halfpenny too little, whereupon he caused some amusement by retorting. "Let me keep the price of a pint will you? I haven't got much." THE LLANGUNNOCK CASE. TO REMAIN IN CUSTODY. The committal of Lewis Henry Halse (46j, school master, Llangunnock, to take his trial at the next Carmarthenshire Assizes on a charge of an attempt- ed offenoe on Helen Mary Wilkes, a young girl then engaged at the Llangunnook Vicarage. Mr. J. F. Morris, solioitor for the defendant, ex- plained that the bench granted Halse bail on his finding two sureties of JB50 each, together with his own recognisances of J650, but it had been found impossible to procure the sureties. He had a wife, and two children dependent upon him, and if he were kept in oustody until the Assizea in October next his family would suffer, whilst he would also be con- siderably hampered in getting up his defence. Mr. Morris asked the bench to reduce the amount of bail to two sureties of £25 each. He had two re- spectable persons prepared Jo sign for that amount. Asked by the clerk (Mr. Prosscr) for his authority Mr. Morris said it was the practice in the London courts to reduce bail, and it was constantly being reduced. Of course if the Bench had refused bail in the first instance it would have been entirely a different matter. The Chairman said the Bench felt they were not justified in granting the request. Mr. Morris—I am sorry, because the man will have to remain in custody. Tf
Carmarthen Borough MONDAV, August 11th.—Before the Mayor (Mr. J. B. Arthur), Mr. Thos. Thomas, Mr. P. J. Wheldon, Mr. James Davies and Mr. Daniel Lewis. FIRST OFFENCE. John Jones, 49, Water street, Carmarthen, was charged with being drunk and disorderly on the 2nd of August at Lammas-street. P.C. John Wiliiams proved the case, and the Bench dismissed it, it being his first offenoe. CRUELTY TO iPOWLS. Rachel Davies, Junction Cottage, Abergwili-road, Carmarthen, was charged with unlawfully conveying eight fowls and two ducks, thereby causing suffer- ing. P.C. Llowellyn said that at 10.30 a.m. on the 2nd August he saw the defendant in the provision market. She was in oharge of a donkey and cart which contained fowls. Witness noticed that the fowls were much overcrowded, and gasping for breath. He examined and in a small space in front of the cart, 29in. by llin., he found two ducks and eight fowls on top of one another. lie removed the top ones and found they were all tied around the legs. Their tongues were out and their eyes were closed. The space was only sufficient to hold six fowls. It was a very hot day and they were left out in thn glare of the sun. Defendant would not remove the fowls, until witness threatened to lock her up. Inspector Batten corroborated, stating that he' had cautioned several people for tho same offence, and notices to this effect were posted about the market place. The Bench imposed a fine of 18. and costs. THEFT OF A BICYCLE. David Glanfrwd Ltriffiths, formerly of 9, Chapel- street, Carmarthen, was charged with stealing a gent's bicycle, value £2, the property of Charles Baker, Blue-street. Charles Baker stated that on the 21st June at 3.15 p.m. the defendant called in his shop and hired a bicycle. The machine was never returned. Head Constable Mayall applied for a remand until Monday next, which was granted. m
LAMPETER. Held on Friday, the 8th iust. Present: Mr. J. C. Harford (chairman), M.essrs. T. G. Williams (vice-chairman}, Evan Davies, Lampeter; W. Inglis Jone9, Bettws Bledrws; Tom Davies, Cellan; T. M. Griffiths, Llanfairclydogau; Wm. Rees, Llangybi; John Griffiths and Thomas Davies, Llanwenog; Evan Evans, Llanwnen; J. G. Marsden, Silian; Llew. O. Davies, Trefilan; Roes Ll. Evans and WatkLn Davies, Llanybyther; David Davies, Llany- orwys; Daniel Davies and John Thomas, Llanllwni, and David Lewis, Daniel 1. Rees and William Ed- wards, Pencarresg; Mr. J. Ernest Lloyd, clerk, and Drs. E. C. Thomas and L. T. A. Rowland, medical officers. i The Chairman submitted the report of the com- ibittee appointed at the last meeting to investigate .certain rumours affecting an official of the Board. It was decided to ask the Local Government Board to institute an inquiry into the matter. A resolution submitted by the Wellington Union was adopted, whereby it was agreed to petition the Government to amend the Old Age Pension Act so as to provide that when an old age pensioner, who is not able bodied, is admitted to the Workhouse, or be there for medical or other care and attendance, he or she shall not be thereby disqualified for the pension, but that the Guardians shall be entitled to appropriate the whole or such portion of the pension as they may think fit towards the cost of such care and attendance. Mr. Thomas Ll. Evans, the relieving officer, was granted a fortnight's holidays.
Llanybyther Rural District Council A meeting of the Council was held after the Board, Mr. Wm. Edwards presiding. The Medical Officer of Health reported a case of diphtheria which ended fatally at Bryncraoh, Llany qrwys. NOTIFICATION OF BIRTHS ACT, 1907. Acircular from the Local Government Board calling attention to the above Aot, and the advisa- bility of adopting it, The Clerk was directed to inquire whaber* the County Council proposed adopting the Act for the whole county. CLOSING ORDERS. The Inspector reported that the preliminary notices given under the Housing Acts had not been complied with, and he asked for instructions. It was decided to make closing orders in each case. The number of premises was 30. NOTICE OF MOTION. Mr. Daniel I. Rees gave notice of motion for the next meeting that the .road labourers be paid month- ly.
LLANDOVERY The fortnightly meeting of this Board was held on Friday, when there were present: Messrs. D Davies (chairman), E. P. Lloyd, Rees Lewis, Thomas EvanS. Richard Thomas, W. Evans (Cross Inn), Morgan (Llanddausant), T. James, W. Thomas (Caio), W. R. Lewis, Lewis Roderick, Nicholas (Llanwrda), B. Williams, T. Willian-As; the clerk. Mr. D. T. M. Jones; the relieving officer, Mr. E. Williams; and the master, Mr. J. C. Evans. OUTDOOR RELIEF. Mr. E. Williams reported that the number in le- ceipt of outdoor relief was: July 31st, 116; oost, 219 19s.; corresponding week last year 132, cost E21 3s. August 7th, 116, cost JB19 19s.; corresponding wpek last year 132, cost JB20 7s. THE HOUSE. The Master reported that the number of inmates was 30, against 26 corresponding period last year. Vagrants relieved for the fortnight 65, against 194 corresponding period laat year. Divine services had been conducted at the House by the Rev. H. Ifor James, pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church, and the Rev. D. Rhydderch (Congregational). Papers and magazines had been sent by Alderman T. Wat- kins and Mr. Garner, Stone-street. Mr. R. Thomas reported that the large swing doors and pillars at the entrance to the tramps yard were in a dilapida- ted condition and beyond repair. He suggested the fixing of two new oak posts and swing rail gates. It was decided that the matter should receive attention. THE MATTRESS TENDER QUESTION. ANOTHER HEATED DISCUSSION. There was another somewhat warm discussion over the mattress tenders question. Mr. R. Thomas asked to have the tender form read. The Chairman said the matter bad been decided at the last meeting. They had heard the minutes read and they were a record of what then transpired. He was sorry he must rule Mr. Thomas out of order. Mr. R. Thomas said that the morning when they were dealing with the tenders it was twenty minutes past eleven, matters were rushed and they hadn't the necessary time to deal with the matter proper- ly. After the meeting they found they had not dealt with the tender properly, and he saw no harm in re-opening the subject and inviting fresh ten- ders. The Chairman said that Mr. Thomas could move something to make it impossible for these things to happen again. Mr. Thomas said they had the particulars at a previous meeting, and he was understood to add that there were three or four tenders from town, and because they came in late they were ruled irregular, whereas the one that was aocepted from an outside nrm came in later and was invited by tht) Master without conferring with the Board or the Clerk. What right had he to do so. He re- peated that the question was rushed through, and there was no harm in re-opening it and inviting fresh tenders. The Chairman was afraid that could not be done. The matter was decided last meeting, and the question was now closed. Mr. Thomas could move to confine matters to the district in future. Mr. Thomas-I submit the matter was not thoroughly gone into as members were in a hurry to finish business. The Chairman assured the Board that he had no sentiment in the matter. They had their Standing Orders to go. Mr. R. Thomas asked why they should ignore the tenders of local tradesmen because they came in on a Thursday instead of Wednesday, whilst they ac- cepted the tender of another firm when it came in on a Friday. The Chairman—It was laid before the committee in the usual way. Mr. R. Thomas-But what I wish to submit is that as members wanted to go away the matter was rushed through very hurriedly and on that ground alone it should be re-opened. The Chairman said he could not allow it He must rule him out of order. But steps could be taken to guard against such a thing happening in the future. Mr. Riohard Thomas said that they had been trying to get local people to compete- How could they hope to do in future when they treated them in this shabby way and went outside for the sake of 98. Mr. Dan-el Lewis-You are closing the door against all local tradesmen by your ruling, Mr. Chairman. The Chairman—It is not my puling. Mr. Daniel lewlis-It ia. The Chairman—It isn't. I must defend myself. It is the result of the vote of the members. I gave my ruling at the last meeting when I said I should take the sense of the members of the Board. The Board upheld the decision come to. Mr. Rd. Thomas-The question was rulod in order and you were present yourself. The question v. as not looked into properly. The Chairman-It was the lowest tender. Mr. R. Thomas-It was hurriedly gone through. The Chairman-Whose fault was it? Yours and mine. A member here interposed the remark that seemed to be all in fault. Mr. Rd. Thomas—I move that fresh tenders be invited. The Chairman—I can't agree to it. Mr. Rd. Thomas—There's no hurry to deal with it for three months. Mr. W. Thomas, Caio. asked if a matter was passed at one meeting, how long could it be delayed. The Chairman was understand to say, Not a moment after it was passed." Mr. W. R. Lewis-It has been passed unfairly. Mr. L. Roderick said this matter had to a certain extent been closed on perfectly fair grounds as regarded price. He did not think they should quarrel over it. Although personally he should be inclined to give a local tender the preference, it was not wrong to accept the lowest tender, which in this case was some shillings less. Mr. Thomas Evans. Abernant, failed to see that any good would result from re-opening the matter. If they had done what was not quite right on this occasion they could profit by their experience ana guard against such a thing happening again. Mr. Daniel Lew,is-In my opinion we ought to re-open it and do things straight. Mr. Rd. Thomas—The Clerk should have been given an opportunity to explain it. But it was put and hurried in a moment. It is the master's work. The Chairman—You can amend anything of this sort and prevent it happening again. Mr. R. Thomas—There is no hurry for the mattresses until the next quarter. Let it be delayed till then. Mr. W. Evans, Cross Inn, said that since the matter was not carefully gone into Mr. R. Thomas was right in his contention. The subject then dropped. CALLS. The Clerk reported precepts for county rate at d in the £ and a special rate at lid. in the £ for Llandovery County School purposes. The general county rate totalled EI,296 odd. The Chairman said Llanddeusant did not bear the proper rateable value. The Clerk-Better defer it until the Llanelly Rural District Council water works are in existence. Replying to Mr. R. Thomas, the Clerk said with referenco to the way ticket system that the Board would have to fix the places for tho meals between here, Llandilo, Brecon, &c. This was all the business of interest.
CARMARTHEN HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS The Council of the High School have issued copies of the very favourable report of the examiner to the Oxford Local Delegacy (the Rev. A. T. Richardson, M.A.) and state that the teaching staff of the school will be strengthened next term by the appointment of an additional teacher. The report reads:— "I beg leave to submit my report on the examina- tion recently conducted by me at your request at Car- marthen High School in the following subjects, viz. -Arithmetic, Scripture, English History, English Grammar, English Literature, Geography, and French. I examined the three lower forms 'viva vooe' and Forms IV. and V. by means of written papers. I particularly noticed the keen interest taken in their work by the children in the lower forms, especially in Form I. The instruction given is evidently pre sented in such a way as to interest the children, and not to bore them. I feel sure that, if all the pupfls had been a-ble to commence their education in the school, instead of coming to it, in some cases, for the last two or three years of their school life, not only would such girls have benefited individually, but the general standard of the school, relative to the ages of the pupils, would be much higher. Judging from my one day's visit to the school, the discipline and tono appear excellent, and the general impression from the work submitted is that a very high standard of principle is set in the school by the head mistress and teachers, and inculcated with great success in tho minds of the pupils The papers, in nearly every case, were neatly and care- fully done, with an almost, entire absence of slip- shod work; exhibiting a real desire on the part of the girls to. do credit to themselves and the school. The outstanding feature in the examination is the religious knowledge. On the papers set in Old and New Testament subjects, Form V. obtained the high average of 73 per cent. Throughout the school the Scripture and Prayer Book subjects have been taught most carefully, thoroughly, and reverently. In the upper forms the text is very well known, and the youngest children have been taught to form clear mental pictures of the events of which they have been told. In English literature also the results are excellent. The works studied have been read intelligently, and in such a way as to impress themselves on the minds of the girls. The teaching of arithmetic has been intelligent, logical, and pains- taking, but an effort should be made to raise the standard of mathematics in the school. The stan- dard attained in French varies greatly; this is probably due to the fact that some of the students began it rather late. In history and geography definite facts, such as events and positions of places, are usually well known, but generalization and deductions require more special attention. English grammar has been very well taught so far as parsing and analysis are concerned, and there is a marked correctness of expression throughout the written work of the oxamination, which points to a careful training in the use of words. In fine, this is a school which is doing excellent work, and thoroughly deserves the support of all in South Wales who value the advantages of a oareful education for girls in an atmosphere of culture, religion, and refine- ment."
AMMAN VALLEY LICENSING COMMITTEE SMOKING PROHIBITED DURING STAGE PLAYS. CHAPELS AND AMATEUR PERFORMANCES. The Amman Valley Licensing Committee fat at the Court-house, Ammanford, on Monday afternoon, Alderman W. N. Jones presiding. Others present were: Alderman W. J. Williams, Mr. Thos. Morris, t and Mr. David Davies. There was no complaint made in respect to the holders of licenses for the storing of explosives, Deputy-chief Constable Evans stating that all per sons had complied with the regulation in a satisfac- tory manner. All the licenses were renewed. The Committee proceeded to consider applcations for the renewal of theatrical licenses. D.C.C. Evans pointed out that, as the Committee were aware, those licenses were given upon the con- dition that the holders complied with the regulations of the County Council in the matter. He had one complaint to make. Amongst the rules was the following, No smoking is to be permitted in any: part of the building during the performance of stage plays." That rule had not been complied with in any of the stalls within the district. The Chairman—The only thing we shall be obliged to do is to withhold the licenses, if smoking is permitted in future. The Clerk—But they allow smoking in other places. D.C.C. Evans—Not during tho performance of stage plays. The Chairman observed that their duty as a com- mittee at present was to see that those regulations were complied with. It was not within their province to decide whether the rule was a fair and proper one or not. However that day they did not want to be unkind to the license holders, and refuse to renew the licenses, but they did hope that during the coming twelve months no smoking would be allowed in any of the halls during theatrical per- formances, or if it wouild still be permitted, they would have to take serious notice of it. The theatrical licenses of the Brynamman Public Hall, Glanamman Palace of Varieties, Ivorites' Hall (Ammanford; and the Ammanford Pictorium were then renewed. D.C.C. Evans said he wished to enlighten the publio on one point. He found that amateur theatri- cal performances were being carried on in different parts of the districts, such as "Jack y Bachgen Drwg," etc., and held in chapels. He would like it to be known that if there was any charge for admission to those performances, they could not take place except in a hall duly licensed for stage plays. The trustees of chapels at which performances of the kind did take place were rendering themselves liable to a heavy penalty. Chairman-But suppose you are the chairman? (laughter). D.C.C. Evans—I will not be the chairman, when I know this offence is being committed. Ald. W. J. Williams—I believe your remarks will be appreciated. But you do not suggest that the chSpels be turnoo jnto theatres? D.C.C Evans-No, I do not (laughter)
A TWICE-TOLD TALE Good news bears repeating, and when it is con firmed after a long lapse of time, even if we hesi- tated to believe it at first hearing, we feel secure in accepting its truth now. The following experience of a Carmarthen man is confirmed after four years. Nearly four years ago, Mr. J. Davies, of 1, Maga- zine Row, near the Park and Recreation Ground, Carmarthen, said:—" For a long time I was greatly troubled with baokache and pains in the loins. I had scarcely energy for anything, and quickly be- came tired out. Sometimes I would come over quite dizzy in the morning. I have no doubt the trouble was largely due to .getting damp through being out of doors a lot at my work. I tried all sorts of things to get well, but nothing seemed to do me any good. At last I was recommended to try Doan's baok- ache kidney pills, and I was glad to find that after taking a few doses of these the pains in my back became 1es'S troublesome, and I felt fresher on rising in the mornings. I continued with Doan's pills until I was free from the trouble, and I am now as well as ever I was, I always recommend Doin's pills, for they are a fine kidney medicine. (Signed) J. Davies." NEARLY FOUR YEARS LATER. Mr. Davies said:—" I am still keeping very well. Oniy occa- sionally do I get a twinge of the old trouble, but a few of Doan's pills soon put me right." Price 2/9 a box. 6 boxes 13/9; of all dealers, or from iFoster-McClellan Co.. 8, Wells .St., Oxford St.. London, W. Don't ask for backache and kidney pills,-a.sk DISTINCTLY for DOAN's backache kidney pills, the same as Mr. Davies had.
v ELEY CARTRIDCES ALWAYS RELIABLE Used all over the World Eley 'Acme' 'EleySmokeless* A Bright Orange A Cerise Cartridge, i-in. deep shell Car- loaded with Eley uidge, loadeii with (42 gr.) Smokeless E;ey (42 gr.) Smoke- Eyfears Powder amnio*. 2) oz. of Shot. of Shot. Price 9/6 per 100. Price 8/6 per 100. Soldbyall Gunmahtrs&A mmunition Dtaltn Wholesale only: ELEY BROS. LTD. °, w
Begone Carmarthenshire No Any information in the possession of our readers, or any comment respecting the various matters re- ferred to in wiese notes, will be weloomed by the Aditor for publication.
FROM THE CARMARTHEN JOURNAL," AUGUST 13, 1813. CARMARTHENSHIRE Llandilo and Llanelly Canal and Tramroad. THE MEETING of the PROPRIETORS interested in this Canal and Tramroad is ADJOURNED to Wednesday, the 25th day of August instant, to be held at the Bear Inn, in the town of Llandiio-fawr, at twelve o'clock in the forenoon. Dated this 11th day of August, 1813.
—.idH OF SAINT PETER. TO BE LET, And Entered upon immediately, A Substantial Dwelling-bouse, called JOB'S WELL; Distant from Carmarthen about three quarters of a mile and a quarter of a mile from the turn- pike-road leading from Carmarthen to Milford, over which the Maii-coaohes pass daily. The House consists of two parlours and a kitchen on the first floor; a drawing-room and three bed- rooms on the second floor; and on the attic four bed-rooms, A good servant's room above the kitchen; laundry, brewing kitchen, and two very good cellars. Two very excellent Gardens and an Orchard, in which there are a great number of Fruit Trees of different kinds. The in-coming tenant may be accommodated with some land, if required. For further particulars apply to Mr. John Rees, Lodging House, Spilman-street, Carmarthen.
Although we cannot at all coincide with the sentiments of the celebrated Mr. Windham, on the assumed beneficial tendency of cook fighting and bull baiting, we are always gratified at wit- nessing, or hearing of, amusements which are at once sportive, and innocent; as they have the salutory effeot of unbinding the minds of the studious, of giving reasonable relaxation to the laborious, and of dispelling that gloom and misan- thropy with which "Croakers" and "Dampers" are wont to inspire their Converts." We have felt great pleasure in recording the festive hospitality and princely munificence of several of the Nobility and Gentry of the Principality; we have regularly reported such provincial amusements as have come under our notice; we have very recently furnished our sporting readers with details of the Pembrin Races, the Boat Race at Milford, &c., and we have now to add those of the otackpole Races, which took place, as usual in the Park, on Thurs'- day se'nnight.—A handsome silver teapot, given by Lady Cawdor, was won by a mare belonging to Mr. Hitohings, of Stile, beating four others; and five horses started for the usual sweepstakes, which was won by a mare, the property of Mr. Gwyther. There was exoellent sport, and the intervals between the heats were enlivened by men hopping in sacks, and girls running for a gown piece The diversion produced by what is com- monly termed "running in sacks," is inconceivable to those who have never witnessed a scene of the kind; the. competitors are numerous, and, having the mouths of their sacks sewed right round their necks, by which their hands are wendered totally useless, they not only start fair, but continue nearly close together through the whole of their career; so that when one of the party makes a "faux pas," which inevitably happens, sooner or later, be falls against his next neighbour, upsets him, and thus the whole of the squad successively knock down each other like nine pins. After being raised on their feet, they again pursue the contest, in spite of ups and downs, until the busi- ness is decided. The first man wins a guinea, the second five shillings, and every one something. By a late Standing Order of the House of Commons. notices of intended. applications to Parliament for BiHa for inclosing, improving, or draining of Lands, must be inserted three times, during the month of August or September, in some newspaper of the county in which the land is situated.
DIED. Monday last, at St. Petrox, Pembrokeshire, much regretted by his relatives and friends, the Rev. Charles Pigott Pritchett, M.A., many years Rector, of that parish, Minister of Castleznartin and Stackpcde Elidor, one of the Prebendaries of St. David's, and Chaplain to the Right Hon. Lord Cawdor. Lately, in his 104th year, John David, upwards of fifty years sexton of Uantrissent, Glamorgan. shire. On Saturday last, Mr.. Howell. saddler, of Pem broke. Same day, Mrs. Davies, of Prickeston, near Pembroke.
Ammanford FRIDAY, August 1st (Special.—Before Mr. Hy. Herbert, Brynmarlais (in the chair), and Mr. David Jones, Pantyffynon. A GIPSY'S SPREE. Elizabeth Boswell, a married gipsy, residing at a Gwaun-cao Gurwen encampment, was charged with drunkenness and disorderly conduct in Station-road, Brynamman, on Thursday night. Defendant admitted the offence, and P.C. Evan Davies stated that at 7.50 p.m. he saw her in Station- road, Brynamman, helplessly drunk and very di f orderly. H assisted her to her feet, and requested her to go away, but she continued making use of very bad language to people on the road, and he then conveyed her to Garnant Police Station and locked her up. Defendant appealed to the Bench not to send her to prison for the sake of her turee dear little children." Tho Chairman—If you care so much for your children, why don't you show them a proper example? Defendant—It will never happen again, sir. I will sign the pledge, and never will I take more drink, sir. A fine of inclusive was imposed, or ten days' imprisonment in default. She was granted a few hours to find the money. MONDAY, August 11th.—Before M^srs. Hy. Herbert (in the chair) and David Jones. ENTERTAINING THE CROWD. Thos. Dodd, said to be a sailor, was charged by P.S. Britten with being drunk and disorderly in High-street, on Saturday night. At 8.45 p.m. he was cursing, swearing and dancing with a large crowd around him. He refused to go away, but kept on using bad language, until ulti- mately the officer had to take him into custody. Defendant told the Bench that, being a sailor, he was making his way to Swansea, the nearest seaport town. He had a "drop" to drink and was sorry for it. Fourteen years ago," he added reminiscently. "1 was locked up when I was in London, and I was fined for it. but I had money to pay then." Inspector Davies said he had reason to believe that defendant's f-tory of being a seafaring man was ■quite true. The Chairman—Under the circumstances we will deal leniently with you. You must clear out of the town as soon as you can. and never come here again. On that condition you can go. Defendant—Thanks, sir. x
PENCADER. WEDDING.—At All Saints' Church, Llanelly, on the 6th inst., the wedding was solemnized of Mr. David Thomas, schoolmaster, Highbury, London, N. (son of Mr. James Thomas, Penybont, Pencader), and Miss Annie -Samuel, formerly mistress of Llan fihangel-ar-arth School. The oeermony was per- formed by the Rev. T. Thomas. The bride, who was ,given away by her brother (Mr. J. Rhys gwnueli, was attired in a charming gown of ivory charmeuse, trimmed with rich guipure lace, and veil over wreath of jadfmine, and carried an early Victorian bouquet of choioe white flowers, the gift of the bridegroom. The bridesmaids were Miss Minnie Hopkins, Llan- elly, and Miss Bowen, Burry Port. Miss Hopkins wore white lace over blue with pink sash and lace cap over pink pearls. Miss. Bowen was dressed in shell pink silk, lace coatee, with hat to match. Both wore pendants, the gift of the bridegroom, and car- ried rich poses of ^weetpeas and jasmine. The duties of best man were executed by Mr. J. A. Thomas, Bristol. After the ceremony, the bride and bridegroom, together with a number of friends, partook of luncheon at the house of the bride: 8. sister (Mrs- Frost, Sunning Hill, Llanelly4. Later in the day Mr. and Mrs. Thomas left for Clevedrm, en route for London, their future home. The brl.lo' travelling dress was a navy doth with veleour hat. Several congratulatory telegrams were receirjd. The presents were numerous, amongst them being a beautiful sflver tea service presented by the scholars and staff of Llanfihangel-ar-arth School .• also a fine picture presented by the staff of th- b, Ys' department, Wenlock road L.C.C. School.