Great White Sale. SA TURDA Y, JUNE 28th, AND FOR A FEW DAYS ONLY. All White Goods marked at special prices to clear. J. DAVIES & SON, CLOTH HALL, Carmarthen. ROYAL & SHOW BRISTOL, July 1st to 6th, 1913. atil,000 in Prizes. Horses Cattle. Sheep, Pigs, Poultry, Produce, Implements, Jumping. Riding and Driving Four-in-Hand Teame, Horse-Shoeing and Butter-Makinsr CM.petit.rn., Agricultural Education and Forestry Exhibitions, Flower Show, Dog Show. OVERSEAS SECTION Military and Naval Displays Bands of H.M. 19th (Queen Alexandra's Own Royal) Hussars and 1st Batt. Gloucestershire Regiment, Prices of Admission: Tuesday, July 1st, 5/ Wednesday and Thursday, July 2nd and 3rd 2/6- after 5 p.m.. Is.; Friday and Saturday, July 4th and 5th, 1/ Season Ticket, 10/6. THOMAS McROW, Secretary. ROYAL AGHCCULTCBAL SOCIETY OF ENGLAND, 16 Bedford Square, London, W.C. (1725 NOTICE TO CREDITORS. RICHARD THOMAS, Deceased. ALL Persons having claims against the Estate of Richard Thomas, late of Pontarlyb Llan- fvnydd, Carmarthen-hire, deceased (who died on 9th March last), are requested to send particulars forthwith to the undersigned. Dated this 23rd day of June, 1913. EDMOND LONG PRICE. Talley, Llandilo, 1727) Solicitor to the Executors. Sales b)1 auction. LLANYBYTHER. TO BE SOLD by PUBLIC AUCTION by Messrs. THOMAS JONES & SONS, at Waunfawr Villa, on the 7th July, 1913 (Monthly Market-day), the desirable Freehold Residence, called WAUNFAWR VILLA, Llanybyther; and the small Freehold Farm, called LLAINLAS, Llan- llwnL Further Particulars of the Auctioneers at JNew Court, Llanybyther, and Garthowen, Llandyssul, or of the Vendor's Solicitors, Messrs. EVANS & THOMAS. Llandyssul. (1603p PARISH OF EAST CILRHEDYN, CARMARTHENSHIRE. MESSRS. J. D. JONES, SON & GEORGE will SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION at the Emlyn Arms Hotel, Newcastle-Emlyn, on FRIDAY, the 27th June, 1913, at 2.30 p.m. (subjecti to condi- tions), the most desirable freehold farm and lands, called CLYNFELINFAWR, and the several cot- targes and gardens belonging thereto, situate in the above parish, in the following or such other lots as may be determined upon:- Lot 1.—Accommodation field, called Parkyr- ychain-mawr, numbered 687 on the Ordnance Sur- vey Map, and containing 9a. 3r. 35p., or there- abouts. Lot 2.-Seven fields of excellent grazing land, well supplied with water ,situate on the South side of the farm, and containing together 64a. lr. 2p., or thereabouts. Lot 3.-All that the main portion of the farm called Clynfelinfawr. including farm, dwelling- house, outbuildings, and 14 fields of excellent pas- ture and arable land, and containing 82a. 3r. 17p., or thereabouts. This lot will be sold subject to the leases affecting the same, for full particulars of which see sale posters. Lot 4.-Plot of land adjoining the road leading from Cwmmorgan to Dreifa Factory, and contain- ing Oa. Ir. 14p. Lot S.-COttalle, carpenter's workshop and gar- den, called Troedyrhiw. This lot will be sold sub- ject to a lease for 89 years from the 29th Septem- ber, 1880, at the yearly rent of JBO 2s. 6d. Lot 6.—Cottage and garden, called Penrhiw, and site of another cottage called Bwmper, all situate at Cwmmorgan. For further particulars see sale posters, or apply to the Auctioneers at Llwynbedw, Boncath, R.S.O., or to Messrs. Evans and Thomas, Llan- dyssul, Vendor's Solicitors. (1703 PRELIMINARY ANNOUNEMENT. i LLANARTH, CARDIGANSHIRE. THE Freehold (Farms of NantygWrdy, Pantcefn, Ropeyard, Penwern and Pontfaen, and several accommodation fields, all in the Parish of Llanarth, and Freehold private houses, shops and a public-'nouse with pasture land, in the Village cf Llanarth, and the Freehold Residence, known as "GWYNFRYN," which form together t'ne estate of D. R. Lewis Lloyd, Esqre., will be offered for SALE bv AUCTION at an early date by Messrs. THOMAS JONES & SONS. Full particulars, plans, and conditions of s-ale are now in course of preparation. Enquiries may be addressed to the Auctioneers, Garthowen, Llandyssil, or to John T. Lewis, Esqre., Solicitor, 54, Chancery Lane, London, W.C. (1729 LLANYBYTHER. BLACK LION HOTEL. Important Sale Cross-bred Heifers. Deep Milching Cattle, and Cart, Mares and Fillies. "M/TR. JOHN PRICE has received instructions from lT-1. Evan M. Esq., to SELL by, PUBLIC AUCTION at the above place on MONDAY, July 7th. 1913 (Market Day), the following CATTLE AND HORSES. 40 Cross-bred Heifers. 4 Two-year-old Do., with calves. 1 Four-vear-old Cow, due to calve at time of scle 7 Cross-bred Deep-milching Cows. 1 Pedigree Hereford Yearling Bull. 8 Two and Three-year-old Cart Fillies. 1 Three-year-old with foal. 1 Three-year-old Pony, quiet to ride. Credit on Conditions. Sale to commence at 12 s'harp. Croesgwenllian, Llanybyther. (1726 Sales b Buction PEMBROKESHIRE. PARISHES OF LITTLE NEWCASTLE AND NEVERN. JOHN FRANCIS & SON will offer for SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the Commercial Hotel, Fishguard, at 2 p.m., on Thursday, 10th July, 1913, the SUMMERTON ESTATE, as set outi below:— Lot.; Description, Tenant. Acreage. —— A. R. P. 1 Summerton Farm .Mr J. Luke 170 3 16 2 Summerton House .Mr D. Luke 177 1 21 3 Treyet Mr D. Harries 78 3 55 4 Garngwcw .Mr W. Jenkins 22 1 38 5 Estyniog Mr D. Luke, 1.91 1 5 6 Tyllosg & Temperness Mr H. Prit- 191 2 17 chard A. 834 2 12 Particulars, Plans and Conditions of Sale may co obtained of the Auctioneers, Carmarthen, or of Messrs. S. W. Johnson and Son, 5, Gray's Inn Square, London. PEMBROKESHIRE. PARISH OF LAMPETER-VELFREY. JOHN FRANCIS & SON will offer for SALE by AUCTION, at the De Rutzen Hotel, Nar- berth, at 2.30 p.m., on THURSDAY, 17th July, 1913, the Valuable Freehold Property, known as the PENLAN ESTATE containing about so acres in the following lo.s: — Lot Farm Tenant Area A. R. P. 1 Penlan J. and L. Morgan 120 2 14 2 Penlan Cottaee Do. 4 x 30 3 Accommodation Land.. Do. 24015 4 Lan Mill John Davies 2S 1 5 5 Blaengwaithnoah Daniel Nlorgan 32 2 10 6 Do. Cottage I Do. j 18 o 33 Particulars Plans and Conditions of Sale may be obtained of the Auctioneers, Carmarthen, or of Messrs. Lewis and James, Solicitors, Narberth. (1706 CARMARTHENSHIRE. PARISH OF LLANEGWAD. MESSRS. W. J. REES AND JOHN FRANCIS AND SON will offer for SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION, on THURSDAY, 17th July, 1913, the Valuable Freehold Farms, known as TYCOCH & BLAENEGWAD, having easy access to the main road from Car- marthen and Llandilo, and now in the occupation of the Reprs. of the late Mr. Thomas Lewis, an.d Mr. William Lewis respectively. Further particulars will duly appear, and in the meantime may be obtained of the Auctioneers, The Laurels, Swansea; and The Mount, Carmarthen; or of T. Howell Davies, Esq., Solicitor, King Street, Carmarthen. CARMARTHENSHIRE. PARISH OF LLANFIH AN GEL-AR-ARTH. JOHN FRANCIS & SON will offer for SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the Ivy Bush Royal Hotel, Carmarthen, at 2.30 p.m., on SATURDAY, 19th July, 1913, the Valuable Free- hold Property, known as THE ALLEN ESTATE containing about 400 acres Lot 1.—Valuable Freehold Farm, known as BEDW or BEDWHIRION, situate about one mile from Penoader and about nine miles from Carmar- then, containing 174a. 2r. 12p., more or less, of Pasture and Arable Land, now let to Mr. Evan Davies. Lot 2.—The Valuable Freehold Farm, known as LAN, together with GORWYDD FIELDS, situate about one mile from Pencader and nine miles from Carmarthen. The whole contains 222a. lr. 2p., more or less, of Pasture and Arable Land, and is now let to Messrs. T. and D. James. Particulars, Plan and Conditions of Sale may be obtained of the Auctioneers, Carmarthen, or of Messrs. Lewis and James, Solicitors, Narberth. (1704 CARMARTHENSHIRE. PARISHES OF EGLWYSFAIR AND LLANWINNIO AND SAINT PETERS. OHN FRANCIS & SON will offer for SALE by I PUBLIC AUCTION, in July, 1913, the Valuable (FREEHOLD PROPERTY, known as the LEACH ESTATE vit.3 I Farm. Tenant. Area. A. B. P. Aberdyfnant Mr. Robert Davies 155 0 14 Danderwen Do. 29 2 38 Glani-hyd Mrs. Gibbon 27 0 1 Penclippift Mrs. Evans 41 0 0 Cilcam Do. 5 2 9 Parkyrhalen Nathaniel Thomas 3 0 8 Further Particulars will duly appear, and in the meantime may be obtained of the Auctioneers, Car. marthen, or of Messrs. BARKER, MORRIS & OWEN, 1705) Solicitors, Carmarthen. CARMARTHENSHIRE. JOHN FRANCIS & SON will ofter for SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION, at an early date, the 1 following Freehold Property:— LLANBOIDY & LLANWINNIO PARISHES. Farms. Tenant. Trebleddiau T. C. Hughes Monksmill Mrs. Picton Glandwr Lewis Davies Troedvrhiw G. Thomas Penrallt Cottage D. Thomas Smith Forge Hy. Davies ST. CLEARS PARISH. Woolstone John Jones Danygors John Husband Cottages Fields. Further particulars will duly appear. Sales b auction. CARMARTHENSHIRE. Preliminary Announcement of a Sale of tne Valu- able Estate, known as the GELLYWERNEN & GORING THOMAS' ESTATES" situate in the Parish of Llannon and Llanelly. MESSRS. J. HOWELL THOMAS & SON have "— received instructions to prepare for a SALE by AUCTION, to take place in the month of September next, the above Valuable Estate, comprising the' whole of the Freehold Farms, Ground Rents, House Property, eto., situate in the above Parishes. For further particulars apply to Messrs. Tre- herne, Higgins and Co., Solicitors, 7, Bloomsbury Square, London, W.C.; William Griffiths, Esq., Estate Offices, Llanelly; or to the Auctioneers at their Offices, Saint Mary Street, Carmarthen. (1723 By Order of the Mortgagee. TOWN OF CARMARTHEN. LLOYD & THOMAS are favoured with instruc- tions to offer for SALE by AUCTION at the Ivy Bush Royal Hotel, Carmarthen, on SATURDAY, the 5th day of July, 1913, at 2.30 i F all that very Valuable and Desirable Free- hold Residence, known as PICTON HOUSE situate in Picton-place, Carmarthen, and containing 3 Reception Rooms, 8 Bedrooms, Dressing Rooms, Box Rooms, Bathroom (h. and c.), and the usual conveniences; together with Coaoh-house, Stable and other Outbuildings, Garden, Orchard, Green- house, and Tennis Lawn. (Further particulars may be obtained of the Auctioneers; or of A. Soppitt, Esq., Solicitor, all of Carmarthen. CARMARTHENSHIRE. PARISH OF LLANFIHANGEL-ABERCOWIN. LLOYD & THOMAS are favoured with instruc- tions to offer for SALE by AUCTION, at Bush Royal Hotel, Carmarthen, on SATURDAY, 5th July, 1913, at 2 p.m., the whole of tnat very Valuable and Desirable Freehold Farm, known as HENDRE. situate in the above parish, within one mile of St Clears G.W.R. Station^ now in «—e occupation of the Misses Rogers, which will be offeerd in the following lots, viz. Lot 1.—Freehold Field called RHOS," situate on the South ide of the entrance road to the Farm, and containing 6 acres 2 roods 6 perches. Lot 2.-1Freehold Field, called RHOSFACH," situate on the north side of the said entrance road, and containing 3 acres 1 rood 25 perches. Lot 3. Freehold Field, adjoining Lot 2, and called "PARKYREFEL," containing 4 acres 29 perches. Lot 4.—The remaining portion of HENDRE FARM, with the Homestead and Outbuildings, and containing 44 acres 1 rood 16 perches. Vacant possession will be given at Michaelmas neect. Particulars, Plans and Conditions of Sale may be obtained of the Auctioneers; or of Messrs. Mollis and Morris, Solicitors, all of Carmarthen. CARMARTHENSHIRE. PARISHES OF LLANDEFEILOG AND KIDWELLY. LLOYD & THOMAS are favoured with instruc- tions to offer for SALE by AUCTION, at the Ivy Bush Royal Hotel, Carmarthen, on SATURDAY, the 5th July, 1913, at 2.15 p.m., the whole of that Exceedingly Valuable Freehold Farm and Lands, known as LLECHDWNNY, situate as above, and which will be offered in four Lots as follows or in one or more lots as may be determined upon prior to or at time of Sale:- Lot l.-Two Fields, "MILL MEADOW" and "CAE PENYFACH," containing lla. Or. 32p. Lot 2.-Two Fields, "CAE EIROTH"' and "CAE WENALLT," containing 12a. 3r. 24p. Lot 3.-13 Fields with Cottage thereon, compris- ing the Land situate near Brickworks; containing 88a. 3r. 21p. Lot 4.-LLECHDWNNY Farm and Lands, con- taining 191a. 3r. 39p. The whole Property is in the occupation of Mr. David Griffiths as yearly tenant. Particulars, Plans and Conditions of Sale may be obtained of the Auctioneers, or of E. A. H. Harries, Esq., Solicitor, all of Carmarthen. public notice ELECTRIC LIGHT FOR COMFORT, HEALTHINESS AND CONVENIENCE. You touch the Switch, we do the Lighting. NO Matches, NO Dust, NO Fumes, NO Worry. The more you know about Electric Light the more you will appreciate its advantages. BEFORE SPRING CLEANING don't hesitate to send for particulars to the MANAGER, Electricity Works, Carmarthen.
:Etrtbs-fDarrtage-i-]Ddatbs BIRTH. WALLIS-JONES.—June 22nd. at Llys-yr-onen, Carmarthen, to Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wallis-Jones, son. MARRIAGE. THO.)iIAS-PERKINS. -June 24th, at St. John's Church, Carmarthen, by the Rev. liar Edwards, curate, Mr. T. J. Thomas, 52, Little Water-street. Carmarthen, to Miss E. Perkins, daughter of the late Mr. James Perkins, St. David's, Pem. DEATH. SALMON.—June 22nd, at Rugby-avenue, Neath, the Rev. Robert Salmon, aged 72 years.
THE OWNERSHIP POLICY IT seems almost a truism that if you want a man to do his best/ for a plot of land, the right thing is to make him the owner of it. If he knows that it belongs to him, ho feels the proprietor's interest in it; he sees in it a heritage and a mainstay for those whom he will leave in the homestead where they have been reared; he has the strongest incen- tive to put forth his best-directed and most persis- tent efforts to make the land yield its utmost, to use -it to the best purpose, and to secure the pros- perity that will cheer him daily and stand as the foundation of his contentment in life. The leaders of the Liberal Party know this as well tie other people, but they did not offer ownership cn practical terms to small 'nolders in their Act of 1908. They were afraid of the opposition of the Socialists, who cannofl bear that any man should call his soul or anything else his own, and who desire to see the land "nationalised'—which means that it would be brought under the management of a huge organisation of meddlesome State officials charged with the task of carrying out the theories of eccentric visionaries, or be delivered to the control of quarrelling communal committees directing operations on the lines of parochial re- volutionary politics. The injustice involved in the Liberal scheme for providing small holdings was very clearly ox- plained by Lord LANSDOWNE in the interesting and important speech on Unionist land policy which he delivered at Matlock Bath a few days ago. He said:— s ai Their idea is to make your smallholder a tenant of a public body, saddle him with a good stiff rent, swollen by expenses of administration, instalments of sinking fund, and so forth, then when he has held his farm, let us say, 40 or 50 years under those conditions he finds himself just as far from actual ownership as he was when he started at the beginning of th £ race. He buys his farm, but he does not buy it for himself. He buys it for his county council, which is a very different thing. To that policy we desire to oppose the policy of actual and complete owner- snip." The LTnionist Party recognises, as Lord LANS- DOWNE showed, that in order to carry into effect this policy of the wide extension of ownership throughout the country, Recourse must be had to the credit and the funds of the State. The leader of the Opposition in the Upper House directed attention to two points. In the most flourishing countries on the Continent agricultural ownership is far more a heritage of the people than it is among us, and .is one of the main bases of their prosperity. 'Look at Germany, look at France, look. t Belgium, look at Denmark. You will find, I think, in the last two of these countries tihat something like 88 per cent. of the whole of the land is cultivated by the people who actually own it, the remaining 12 per cent. being in tne .possession of tenants. With us it is exactly the opposite—that is, 12 per cent, ownership and 88 per cent. tenancy—and no one has ever been uble to satisfy me that if these things can be made to succeed and lead to good cultivation, to a larger proportion of live stock per acre, as it does on the Continent—no one has ever been ab'e to per- suade me that we, with our much better land, should not be able to make it a success in this country also." The Liberal legislation of 1908 did provide facili- ties of a sort to enable small holders to become purchasers of their land, but the method adopted has proved almost wholly illusory in operation. On this subject Lord LANSDOWNE said:— "I have no doubt you will carry in your mind that under the present law the purchasing tenant has to find one-fifth of the purchase money. Now we believe that that oncfifth has hitherto been the great stumbling block in the way of land purchase. Where is the farmer to find that one-fifth. He wants the whole of his capital to improve his holding. If he wants more he has to borrow it probably at a very stiff rate of interest. A very remarkable return has lately been laid before Parliament. It is the report of the Small Holdings Commissioner, Mr. CHENEY; and it goes to show that in the year 1912 there passed through his office 4,070 small holdings transactions. Would you believe it that of those only 70 were for purohase, complete ownership, and the remaining 4,000 for tenancy? To my mind that is conclusive. Nothing will induce me to believe that only one Englishman out of 60 or 70 desires to acquire his land for his own when he is given the choice between doing so and renting it from a public body." To remedy the failure illustrated by the figures which Lord LANSDOWNE quoted, the Unionist Party, when it returns to power, will establish a system by which the State will advance to suitable appli. cants desirous of acquiring holdings the .whole of the purchase money which they have to find. Wherever there is some one wtlling to sell the land and a tenant farmer ready to buy it we are prepared to say that in such cases, provided the neoessary conditions are present, provided that the man is a suitable man, provided that the land is suitable for the purpose, and provided that the price agreed upon is a reasonable price—that in such cases we hold that the Government ought to be prepared to advance the whole of the pur- chase money at the lowest rate at which a Government can afford to lend it." The advantages offered will not be limited to one class. The farmer who fears that owing to changes in the ownership of estates, he may find his tenancy brougn- to an end against his will, the rural labourer, the artisan, the tradesman—people of all classes will 'nave the opportunity of State aid in acquiring land if they conform tb the conditions in which that aid can rightly be offered. Concurrently with this great scheme for the ex- tension of ownership, the next Unionist adminis- tration will apply itself to solving the urgent problem of rural housing. Here again State aid will be invoked. According to some estimates 100,000 new cottages are needed on the country- side, according to others as many as 125 000. Lord LANSDOWNE told his audience at Matlock Bath what the Unionist proposals for the solution of th" housing problem in the agricultural districts will bR. He outlined the main principle of them in the following terms:— I Now I venture to suggest to you that ad- vances for the purpose of h mse building should be made at the lowest possible rates which the Government could afford, not only to local bodies —county councils, district councils, and so on— but to private associations and private individuals wherever they are able to produce ample security, wherever the objects are approved by the responsible department, and wherever effec- tual supervision is possible." What has been the record of the Liberal Govern- ment in this matter? They have by the fantastic land taxes of 'the Budget of 1909 discouraged the investment of private capital in cottage-building; and through Mr. JOHN BUBNS, the President of the Board of Trado, they have steadily refused to bring State aid to bear for the solution of the housing difficulty, and have frustrated me repeated efforts of Unionists in Parliament! to grant public funds for the supply of the urgently needed accommodation, Even the "Daily Chronicle,' one of the most influ- ential of the London Liberal papers, htfs candidly admitted that "the slowness and inefficiency of Mr. Department are a byword among local authorities throughout the country and have nowhere been worse exemplified than in the matter of housing." We are convinced that the electors will approve the policy explained by Lord LANSDOWNE, and wiil turn at the first opportunity from the Party of in- activity and obstruction to the Party which is to carry out a practical and beneficent plan.
NOTES OF THE WEEK. On visiting one of the old Welsh Chapels the other day the company was very surprised to see unim- paired the old hour-glass which in the last century but one, tiirned civer in front of him used to dole out to the preacher the length of his sermon. Mr. R. H. Harries, the genial and popular master of the Carmarthenshire Foxhounds, ^ill next week at the Royal Show, Bristol, secure the "blue ribband" of judging, he having been honoured with and accepted the invitation to judge hunters in the premier show of the kingdom, if not l the world. An indication of tne wide area covered by the circulation of the JOURNAL was provided by the replies to t'ne first 'Twmlets' competition. They came from, among other places, Cardigan, Carmar- then, Tregaron, Maesteg, Tylorstown, PenoaJer, Ystrad Rhondda Nantgaredig, Llanddarog, Abor- gwili, Newcastle-Emlyn, Llanelly, Cross Haid.?. Hfenllan, Boncath, London, Llandyssul, Laugharrre, St. Clears Glanamman, Aberporth, Llanfyrn-ch, Troedyrhiw (Merthyr Tydfil), Tonypandy, Llatnrth- ney. In his interesting article on "Migrants," which appears on page 8. Mr. D. E. Stephens very pro- perly refers to the inaccuracies of obser^ra in re- cording the arrival of migrants. But are these mis- takes to be wondered at in the absence of teaching on the subjeot. Anything like full and accurate information about birds is in the possession of the few, v/hile self-study of the subject is extremely difficult. "About the time appointed for the Coronation of his Imperial parents, Prince Henry was inclined to bo fractious and disobedient. Indeed, he was so naughty that the Queen had to threaten that unless his conduct improved he should not be taken to see t'ne ceremony. What do I care?' was the surpris- ing retort. The Anarchists will blow you and father up, and Edward and George, too!—and then I shall be made Henry IX.. and 'have nine wives."— (From the "Onlooker and Throne"). At a recent entrance examination to a secondary school the examiner was somewhat relieved from boredom by the very new characters which Alfred the Great and Robinson Crusoe were made to assume. On being asked, "What do you know of Alfred the Great and Robinson Crusoe? the fol- lowing answers were given:—"Alfred the Great was a good King and a wise one. He went on a boat with two ladies and was very ill. Robinson Crusoo was a man who ruled England wisely." Tho real value and interest of the cinematograph could not possibly be better proved than by the part it played in the Derby of this year. By a surprising piece of good luck a cinematograph operator was photographing the race just at tho spot and at the instant when the suffragette threw her- self at the King's horse and got killed. The whole incident is shown on the screen just as though the operator expected it to occur and it happens to be one of the clearest pictures ever taken. It has been purchased by the purchasers of the Rink Picture- drome at Carmarthen, and is being shown through- out this week. No one should miss seeing this truly amazing record of a sensational event. The Unionist Party's policy in regard to land and housing reform was outlined in a speech by the Marquis of Lansdowne at Matlock Bath on Satur- day. The main points of the speech were:— Agriculture was the only antidote to the disease of crowded cities. Complete ownership was the best for both the man and the land. Tie present small holding system was useless while the purchasing tenanti had to find a fifth of the money. The Government should lend the purchase money at the lowest possible rate. The Unionist Party proposed that the purchase money should be repaid tio the Government by annual instalments. The housing problem could best be dealt with by private enterprise. The question of agricultural labourer's wages could not be solved by Parliament. Tho manner in which tar-spraying of the roads is dono is the subject of bitter complaint in various parts of the country, and we notice that the trouble is quite well-known to motorists who pass through Carmarthenshire. It is not clear that in the present state of the law affecting the mainten- ance of the roads there is any redress against a public body or person who permits the roads to be sprayed in such a way as to cause, not only damage to the clothing and property of motorists and cyclists, but danger to life and limb It is a seri- ous leakage in the law, in view of the extensive damage which can be and is done to motor vehicles in a few minutes by badly-tarred roads. In the meantime the leaslt County Councils end othf-r road-owning bodies can do is to put an immediate stop to the flagrant and open defiance of decency and fair play which is indulged in by those who tar the roads. One Sunday last year practically the whole of the road between Llanwrda and Llan- dovery was left covered with wet, glistening tar,- and no notice of any kind put up to warn travellers so that they might choose another route. This year there have been smaller instances of exactly the same thing. Saturday last was a memorable day in London. By common consent the great Church protest in Hyde Park against the Welsh Disestablishment Bill was the biggest demonstration ever seen in the Metropolis. It is proverbially difficult to gauge numbers, but on the most modest estimate there could not have been fewer than 120,000 people taking part in it, and it is believed by many well accustomed to such gatherings that a much higher figure would more probably be correct. They came in procession from all parts of London—seven- teen main processions in all, with quite a number of smaller contingents. It may safely be said that all London was astir from Hoxton. and White- chapel to Mayfair and BelgraJvia. Indeed, the solemn marchings of these processions through crowded streets were not the least notable feature of the day's proceedings, and profoundly impressed the spectators. But the gathering' in the Park 1 That was magnificent beyond words. The proces- sions entered at the various gates in perfect order; the first came in about four o'clock, and then, in a constantly flowing stream, with hardly a bretf of any sort, until about a quarter-past six, just before the resolution was put. The scene from the plat- forms will never be forgotten. There was a sea of upturned, eager faces, extending for over half a mile in length, and in some parts a quarter of a mile in width, and dotted here and there in the crowd were hundreds of banners, many of them representing parishes or deaneries, as well as several specially made for the occasion, with ap- propriate inscriptions. The bright colours of the summer dresses of the ladiés added gaiety to the scene; but of the many thousands who made up this long, wide, solid, compact crowd a large num- ber—it may be said the great majority—were men. It was a remarkable sight, and the quiet enthusiasm and steady determination of the people were especially noteworthy. There was no disturbance of any kind. The police admit it was the largest crowd they had ever had to handle in the Park, and the most orderly. As a public demonstration of protest against the Welsh Church Bill, nothing could have been more effective, and the Central Church Committee, as the body responsible for its organisation, are heartily to be congratulated on its result.
HOUSE AND LOBBY THE END OF THE GEORGIAN REGIME. (By Gilbert Watson*. House of Commons, Westminster. Liberals are displaying a strange impatience at being retained at Westminster, now they think that, in the expressive phrase of Lord Murray of Elibank, the Marconi matter is cleared up. There is much private muttering ana murmuring at the size of the Government programme, and Ministers are assailed on all sides with Liberal demands for a general lightening of the ship. The Prime Minister has not yet shown his hand in reply to many inquiries both private and public. In the language of the boxing arena he is an adept in feinting. But it is clear that the Cabinet are aiming at a prorogation about the third week of August, and this will involve a whole- sale slaughter of the innocents at an early date. There will be much wringing of Departmental hands when the sword descends, .because from the swashbucking President of the Local Government Board to the mild-mannered President of the Board ■of Education there is hardly a head of a Department who has not some pet scheme for which he is hoping to secure the benediction of Parliament. PANIC-STRICKEN LIBERALS. But no ardour for social reform or amelioration burns in tue breasts of the rank and file of the Liberal party. Their sole desire is to escape from the terrifying sound of the Division bells, which at any moment may ring out disaster and defeat. They realise that the log-rolling programme must be dis- posed of, and for their own electoral purposes they are prepared to help on the Plural Voting Bill. Finance is a. necessary evil and must be endured. But everything else must go. Shut up Parliament as quickly as possible." This is a cry which comes from the mouths of the democratio party, and to which the Prime Minister has to listen day and night. Parliament means debates, and they spell danger; debates mean divisions, and they may lead to disaster. The Liberal representatives who extol the majesty of the House of Commons, and indulge in high-sounding adulation of cs wisdom and fair- ness are now almost panic-stricken at the prospect of the session .being prolonged beyond August. They would like to see the doors of St. Stephen's closed with the least possible delay. They desire to see little or nothing of Parliament. They have grown aoocstomed to the autocracy of the Execu- tive. and would be content with it as a permanent form of Government. Above all, they dread the possibility of defeat an the Division lobbies, a con. summation which would clear a large number of the Liberal supers off ine Parliamentary stage. MR. CHAMBERLAIN'S TRIUMPH. Last Monday in tho course of an important debate tne Opposition had no difficulty in exposing the g^s y in which the Government deceived the House Acftf ei^ble ^'1^^ °n th° aPc"e^of"°he f ° Parliament to have not merely a before i^pas^d bit^Taw g°°H l0°kdat a mea«ure Phases on that occasion. NozLuZel be smuggled through Parliament, the Act woS provide ample opportunities for reviJon LT L consideration. No Bill wrmU u t •Statute Book wh^a washv f°rCed °n to the popular will Rnf vt °bvi°usJy contrary to the perhaps the most admirable h^hambt'rlaui> j* easily showed how all evur made- deliberately falsified and torn iiffarTT6!) operation the voice of P-iri shreds. In actuii the second and thfrd Lfs^is "n JS t0 ,be tion or conciliation is to"Z^dZd^Vke cfhTt No greatef c^ of hlS most eloquent passags, has ever been made out for the complete repeal of the Parliament Act. THE LAND CAMPAIGN. 7°™ been 3? s SS-sri? «L the £ oS»'±iSr0h"me » power and influence have been So t° Its the Marconi affair Lih«rai u annililated by »» tor financial indiscretion« J- 1 private Of tL SSi^on AThSUPPOrteurS as by membe^ tnat a proposal to entertal11 .tUm at lun.h in the as Bat as ditchwater. Exchange. And so the faithful f^'wlo^tilf6! 8^^ nls coat-tails have beon forced to fall k c ^= National Libe.,1 Cub n ord'r It upoa tarnished hero. I, land campaign may undergo another postponement
SOCIETY AND PERSONAL Mr. W. H. Dempster has returned to flifF Laugharne, from Ireland. House, Mr. an Mrs. Eccles, of The Knoll, Keath, are a* present in residence at the Mans on T Laugharne. -vians.on, Broadway, Capt. J. N. H. Harrison, R.N., of Pendine vis mado 4 burgess oi the ancient township of J..uan.rne on Monday last oy tbe Portreeve, Mr. VVm. Jbidwaid-. Wo are pleased to state that Miss Leach, of The g 1S Pro§"resiiln £ very favoura-Jv since the recent severe operation she underwent. We hear that Mr. Guiston, Derwydd, is goin- to reside at Dolgarreg, having rented as well L ti e mansion the game and fishing rights. At the parade at Ross camp last week interesting presentations took plaoe, wnen Capt. DavTd J S Uwynne, of the 3rd Battalion South VVales Borderers' medalPSehf Huinane medal for Ufe saving. <jol. S. W. Jones, the officer commanding, in making tne presentatmns, said:- Utocers, non-commissjoned officers, and men of the 3rd bouth Wales Borderers. It is a pleasant duty I have to perform here at this parade, and that is firstly, to present Capt. Gwynne, of this battalion, with the medal of the Royal Humane Society, and secondly to present Col. -Bergt. Martin with the good oonduct medal. The medal of the Royal Humane Society is for saving life, as I daresay you all know and was given for the following act. Capt. Gwynne on August 7th, 1912, at a fete held at Buckland, Breconshire, rescued a. lady who had gone up in a paracnute attached to a balloon, and who in de- scending was caught m a branch of a tree on an island in the River Usk. This branch was over- hanging the river, which was in high flood. There no means to the island except by swimming. this Capt. Gwynne volunteered to do, and at great personal risk of losing his life, swam across the river to the island with the end of a salmon line round his body. To this line was attached a rope, and by this means the lady after .being brought down from the branch of the tree, was hauled over to safety. Thus Capt. Gwynne set an example in the locality where he was born, and had so well known and also the rest of the world in risking his life in order to save another."
RAINFALL RECOBDS.—At Golden Grove Gardens: June 11th, 0.00 inches; June 12th, 0.00 June 13th 0.00; June 14th, 0.00; June j.och. 0.06; June 17th' 0.00; total, 0.06 inches.—F. Surman. ST. JOHN'S OUTING.—On Thursday in last week. St. John's Church Choir held their annual outing. A start was maoe in brakes from outside tho church at 8 a.m., Pendine being reached in good time. Glorious weather favoured the outing, and an exceedingly enjoyable time was spent by all. After a sumptuous dinner, sports were held on the sands, each member taking part. At 4.30 tea was partaken of, after which the party adjourned to the cliffs, where several well-known Welsh hymns were sung The return journey was made at 6.30 p.m., Carmar- then being reached at 10.15 p.m. Needless to state all spent a most enjoyable day. NATIONAL LIFEBOAT INSTITUTION.—A meeting in. connection with the Carmarthen Branch of ° the National Lifeboat Institution was held at the Guildhall, Carmarthen, on (Friday last, the Mayor (Mr. J. B. Arthur) presiding. The Mayor, in apologising for the rather small attendance, said he attributed such to the fact that Carmarthen had riot fully recognised the claims of this deserving Institution. The aims of the Institution had not been fully brought and placed beforo the public of Carmarthen and district. i-te hoped Carmarthen would not be behind in supporting this good cause. An interesting and instructive address was given by the organizing secretary of the institution (Mr. Herbert Solomon), who outlined the work that had been done. He said that there were thirty-two lifeboats around the Welsh coast. Of these there were steam lifeboats at Milford Haven and Holyhead, and motor lifeboats at Fishguard and St. David's. The reason the speaker had come to Carmarthen was to form an auxiliary committee to solicit subscriptions. He suggested that the Ferryside lifeboat crew bring the lifeboat to Carmarthen and give an exhibition of life-saving off the Quay. A ladies' auxiliary was formed to assist in collecting funds for the Carmar- then Bay Lifeboat Station at Ferryside. The Mayoress (Mrs. J. B. Arthur) was appointed presi- dent, Mrs. Pughe Evans (vice-president) and Mr. P. J. Wheldon (treasurer). The auxiliary consists of the following ladies, together with the above-men- tioned officials: Mrs. Henry Thomas (Emporium), Mrs. Thomas (junior); Mrs. Marsden, Llanllwch; Mrs. R. A. Neville and Mrs. Robert Lewis. The meeting adopted Mr. Solomon's suggestion that an exhibition of life-saving be given by the Ferrvside lifeboat crew, and it was decided to hold the event during September nejxt, when the tides are suitable. Mr. Solomon proposed a vote of thanks to the Mayor. Mr. Chapman seconded, and the motion was unanimously carried. Son and Proaser.