FARMERS COMBINE NEW INDUSTRY FOR LLANDILO. CHEESE FACTORY OPENED BY LORD SHAiFTESB URY. Saturday last marked another step forward to wards the establishment of complete agricultural co- operation in Carmarthenshire. The seeds of co- operation were sown in the county by Mr. A Biugstocke, Blaenpant, who watched their germina- tion, carefully tended the young p'ants, which to- day have taken strong root, and are spreading their branches. One of the branches is the Carmarthen- shire Dairy Farmers' Association, which under the skillful guidance of the secretary (Mr. W. J. Thomas, Glantowy, Llanarthney, and an enterprising com- mittee, has developed rapidly. As an association of milk vendors they were faced with the difficulty of the disposal of their superfluous product, especially in siJmmer months, and this led to the project of a cheese factory. Suitable premises were discovered in the disused butter factory at Ffairfaoh, near Llan dilo, and it was decided to put the movement into practical form. Mr. and Mrs. Gwynne-Hughes, Tregeyb, the owners of the premises, greatly in terested themselves in the factory and did much to help it on as did also Lord Dynevor. Saturday saw the realization of the project, and there was a very large attendance at the opening of the cheese fao- tory by the Earl of Shaftesbury, K.P., K.C.V.O. In honour of the auspicious occasion the approach to the premises bore quite a festive appearance. Flags and bannerettes floated gaily in the breere, whilst a long string of up-to-date motor-cars testified to the presence of a large number of representatives of county families. Amongst those present were noticed:—Lord and Lady Dynevor, The Castle; Lieut.-General Sir James Hills-Johnes, V.C., G.C.B., Dolaucothi; Sir Stafford Howard, Llanelly; Col. and Mrs. Gwynne-Hughes, Glaneothy; Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Gwynne-Hughes, Tregeyb; Mr. and Mrs. H. E. E. Philipps, Tregeyb; Mr. H. Seymour Allen, Cres- selly; Mr. Allen Stepney Gulstohe, Derwydd; Mr. Geo. Stepney Gulston, Court Henry; Mr. Mervyn Peel, Danyrallt; Miss Peel, Mr. Evan Jones, Manor- avon; Mr. W. L. G. Morris, Ystradwrallt; Alder. man W. N. Jones. Dyffryn; Alderman C. P. Lewis, Llandovery; Col. Morris, Brynffin; CoL Lloyd-Har- ries, Llwyndewi; Mr. and Mrs. Delme Davies-Evans, Penylan; Rev. W. Davies, The Walk; Mr. R. Ship ley Lewis. Llandilo; to. DESCRIPTION AND HISTORY OF THE BUILDING, The factory, which is a. spacious one, is within 80 yards of Ffairfach Station (G.W.R.), and about 200 yards from Llandilo Bridge Railway Station L. and N.W.R. The building was constructed some 12 years ago as a butter factory, but was never used for that purpose. It is admirably adapted for its present purpose. In the basement are a number of rooms fitted up for the requirements of the factory, such as the engine and boiler room, the creamery and the press room. In the upper part of the build- ing are two large rooms for storing purposes, and in one of these the opening ceremony took place. Operations commenced on April 1st. At present only 200 gallons of milk a day are being dealt with, but :t is anticipated that in a fortnight that quantity will be doubled. The factory is capable of dealing with 1,000 gallons. The boiler is used for warming the milk in the vats as wall as for supplying warm water. An oil engine drives the curd mill and the separator. So convinced are the promoters of its success that mechanical extensions are to be made. All the machinery, including engine, boilers, &c., was supplied by Mr. T. M. Williams, ironmonger, Llandilo. THE FUNCTION. Lord Dynevor presided over the gathering. He said it gave him great pleasure to do so. The establishment of the factory on co-operative lines meant that the farmers were going to work together and pull together. They had a good deal of co-opera- tion in Llandilo already by purchasing articles from the Co-operative stores in the New-road. But that was not the only side of co-operation. Co-operation could also be applied to reducing the cost of pro- duction as well as to getting better markets. For instanoe if it cost now la. to produce an article which could be sold for lB. 4d., and if by co-operation the cost of production could be reduced to 8d., they would be making a profit on it of 8d. instead of 4d. Thereby they would be able to spend more money in shopping, would be able to pay better wages to those whom they employed, and the whole com- munity would gain by co-operation. Then again his lordship went on to explain they would get cheaper railway freights by having their goods sent away in bulks neatly and securely packed in the smallest possible dimensions. They lived in a time of great competition, and nobody knew it bet-er than the farmer. Butter could be brought from Australia over thousands of miles of ocean at a cost of le-s than a jd. per lb. This country imported over seven million pounds worth of cheese every year. Why should not their own farmers make some of that cheese and get some of that profit. It could be done, and was going to be done (applause). Their big industrial centres wanted a regular supply of articles of a uniform character, and that was what this factory was going to do. By means of that factory they would be able to get away from glutted markets (renewed applause). The co-operation mo *e- ment was first of all started by Sir Horace Plunkett in Ireland. England and Wales followed suit. By means of this factory they would be able to send away their cheese to places where there was a t'o mand for it. As showing what could bo done by intelligent co-operation, Lord Dynevor mentioned the case of a man in England who grew Vegetable marrows. The local markets were so glutted that he was unable to get a price for them, and the result was that he had to plough them into the land as manure. At that very time vegetable marrows were selling in London at 3d. and 4d. apiece. Now if there had .been a co-operative society in the dis- trict that would not have occurred for ho could by its aid have been brought in touch with London buyers. Mr. H. Jones-Daries, Glvneiddan, said that 180 farmers had already taken up B5 shares in the society, of which JB1 had been called up. SPEECH BY LORD SHAFTESBURY. Lord Shaftesbury, who received a very hearty re- ception, in declaring the factory open, said that unless they oombined they would not receive the killest advantage from their products. The fire in regard to agricultural co-operation had been lit, and was smouldering throughout the country in different parts of which it was bursting out into flame day by day. The middle man had been at the toll of custom for a long time, and had been taking a. heavy toll. He did not blame him, but was there any reason why the farmer should not get the middleman's profit for himself? Great things had been done in Ireland. Sir Horace Plunkett was quick to see the wonderful developments that had taken place in Europe, and he thought that Ireland was exactly the country where- in to apply the principle of agricultural oo-operation. He (the speaker) had had great cixpprlence of Irish affairs, and could say without hesitation that where- ever one went one saw the great change that had taken place in the prosperity and welfare of the farming community in Ireland, due mainly to the efforts made by the Board of Agriculture, and to Sir Horace Plunkett, who taught the farmer how to market his produce on co-operative lines. In Europe the co-operative movement was colossal, but the 400 or 500 societies already established in England and Wales showed that they had firmly established the principles. He was delighted to see how readily lhe Welsh people had embraced the movement. Ten years ago about a dozen people who were the only ones to turn up at a meeting held in a corner of a back street at Carmarthen decided to enrol them- selves as the Carmarthen Farm-er>" Co-operative Society and to-day that society numbered 1.300 mem- bers, and had a turnover of nearly £ 100,000 a year. In Wales the gospel of co-operation had fallen on willing ears. The movement had a social as well as an economic value, It was a little of the spirit of each for all and all for each" that they badly wanted in the United Kingdom. During his speech Earl Shaftesbury quoted figures to show the immense strides made by the co-operative movement in Europe. The number of co-operative agricultural societies in Germany was 26,000, Russia 11,192, Aus- tria 10,515, Italy 8,630, France between seven and eight thousand, Switzerland between five and six thousand, Hungary between five and six thousand, whilst in Denmark the system of co-operation was practically complete. Sir Stafford Howard proposing a vote of thanks to Lord Shaftesbury thanked those who had invited him to that interesting ceremony. He had been slightly familiar with this part of the country for a good many years, but lately he had become far more interested in this country, as many of them were aware. He assured them that he should be very happy of whatever little service he could to this co-operative movement in which he had been interested for a great number of years. He went on to say that in spite of the enormous increase of the industries of the country, agriculture had re- mained almost stationary. The agricultural output of the country was something like 15C millions a year. Why should it not be more in view of their indus- tries? They were bound to feed the people in the cheapest possible way. About 11 years ago a deputa- tion from the three counties of'West Wales went to Lreland to see what Sir Horace Plunkett had done there, and the result was that every county in Wales except Radnor had some organization, and the best of them all was Carmarthenshire (loud applause). There were now six thousand members of fanners' co-operative societies in Wales, and the turnover last year was over a quarter of a million. Mr. Seymour Allen and Mr. Gwynne-Hughes sup- ported, and the motion was carried amid loud ap- plause). Lieut.-General Sir James Hills-Johnes, proposing a vote of thanks to Lord Dynevor said that the more he knew his lordship the higher he rose in his esti- mation. He took part in all good works in this county and agriculture especially. There was no one they could rely on with more certainty in this special work, and it was not a matter for surprise that he took a keen interest in the welfare of the farmer as he (Sir James) was sure all gentlemen in Wales did. With the vote he coupled the name of Lady Dynevor, because she thoroughly supported Lord Dynevor in everything he did. Mr. Mervyn Peel, Danyrallt, seconding, said ne had always endeavoured to show his interest in the land by fostering and helping the interest of ile tenant farmer. They should increase the food pro- duction in their own country. They had been too much dependent on foreign food supplies: The more food they could produce by means of co-operative societies in the county the better. He recalled the time some 20 or 30 years ago when the hills were ploughed up to the top. Many of them had now gone out of cultivation. They should get back to the former state of affairs. They were that day inaugurating a further step in the right direction, because by means of that factory they would be able to turn all the surplus milk which the farmer had in the summer into cheese (applause). The motion was carried. Lord Dynevor suitably responded and the proceed- ings ended. VISIT TO THE STORES. On his way to Llandilo the Earl of Shaftesbury called at the Carmarthen Farmers' Co-operative Stores, and his lordship said, judging from what he had seen as he motored through West Wales, he would imagine that it was a good milk-produoing oountry. LLANDOVERY AND DISTRICT. On Saturday, the 5th inst., the above society was honoured by a visit from the Earl of Shaftesbury, K.P. K.C.V.O., chairman of the Governors of the Agricultural Organisation Society. His lordship, accompanied by Sir Stafford Howard, Mr Phillips, Tregeyb, and others, was received at the head- quarters of the society by the Rev. David Davies, vicar of Cilycwm, chairman of the executive com- mittee. Other members of the committee present being Mr. James Marscond, Mr. Jones, Little Hall; Mr. Peters, Penlan, and Mr. Clement, Llwynjack. The Chairman having given a brief outline of the history of the movement, in the district, distributed copies of the balance-sheet for last year among the distinguished visitors. Lord Shaftesbury and Sir Stafford Howard expressed their great delight vt finding the spirit of co-operation so much alive in the district, and congratulated the chairman and the committee on the healthy state of the society. They urged the farmers of the district to cling together and cultivate that unity which was so very much needed amongst agriculturalists. The Earl of Shaftesbury also alluded to the duty of the farmers who had not already joined the society, coming into line, as the future depends very largely on the suc- cess of the oo-operative movement. The visit of such a distinguished party will give a help to the movement in the district. The co-operative move- ment, thanks; to the efforts of the Vicar of Cilycwm, is firmly fixed in the district. The energetic secre- tary, Mr. Thomas Jones, Llwynmeredith, was un- avoidab'y absent owing to an important engagement.
-dib. I ALLTWALIS. DEATH.—We deeply regret to record the death of Miss Anne Davies, the third daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Davies, Gwarcwm, which took place on the 25th ult., at the early age of 19 years. Deceased only returned home from London six weeks ago, and the sad event occurred after a short but serious illness. On the following Saturday a large number of friends from far and near came to pay their last tribute of respect, deceased's mortal remains being interred at the burial ground of Penybont, Llan. dyssul. Wreaths were sent by the following:—Her cousin (Mr. Dan Davies, London) Mr. Walter Evans, London; her fellow employees at Thornton House, Chiswick, W. There remains to mourn their loss a sorrowing father and mother, four brothers, and four sisters, with whom the deepest sympathy is felt in their sad bereavement.
1 f HrARCHERaC^ff GOLDENRETURNS Facsimile of One-Ounce Packet Archer's Golden Returns Perfection of Pipe Tobacco. 1 COOL- SVM AM* FRACRUM.
Mr. Nathan Griffiths said that at Llanelly they considered the pedestrians first, and the motoriata afterwards. Mr. Mervyn Peel-If placed low the Llanelly people are less likely to mistake them for the moon at night (laughter). Mr. Stephens-If Llanelly people wish to oonsider the pedestrians they should oonsider the motorist, and drivers of vehicles, and not place their lights so low as to dazzle them, and so increase the chanoes of their running into people (renewed laughter). EBPENDITURE. The County -ecollntant presented the statement of expenditure on roads and bridges for the year which showed that in the Western Division £11,478 15s. had been spent against the estimate of 210,795 Os. Id. The total spent for road maintenance was LIO,465 5s. 8d., working out at the average cost per mile of j668 14s. Id., including steam-rolling, 4 which cost J67 lis. 10(1. per mile. Tar-spraying cost £ 390 12s. 10d.; pitch grouting, J6522 14s. 8d.; and tar macadam, JE98 18s. 3d. In the Eastern Division the total expenditure was £15,357 5s., against the estimate of B13,765 17s. Id. The total spent for road maintenance was 212,692 19s. 2d., working in out ab an average cost per mile of J680 18s. 44d., including steam-rolling, which oost L8 14s. Hid. per mile. Tar-spraying cost JE74 19s. 2d.; pitch-grout- ing, B431 14s. 3d.; and tar macadam, E714 12s. 3d. The estimated expenditure for the coming year in the Western Division, to be raised by rate was £ 13.414 6s. 8d., the estimated expenditure on the roads being £ 12,394 6s. 8d. In the Eastern DiTi- tion the total estimated expenditure to be raised by rate was £ 13,845 4s. 2d., and the total expenditure on roads at £ 12,765 4s. 2d. The estimated expense for the county is £ 27,259 12s. 8d. Mr. R. W. Jones stated that the average price of metal showed a considerable increase. Mr. Delme Davies-Evans asked how much stone the contractor had delivered from the quarry near Broad Oak. He was led to believe that although twelve months had gone no stone had been de- livered. It ought to be got out last year, yet nothing was being done. The Surveyor said the matter was receiving atten. tion Mr. W. N. Jones stated that as the footpath on the Abergwili road was nearly completed other footpaths should be taken in hand. Mr. W. J. Williams said that the roads and foot- paths in the Abergwili district were patterns, and when passing over them he really thought he was in Glamorganshire. He hoped the surveyors would continue the good work and extend it to all parts of the county. The meeting then ended.
Carmarthen County Police Courts—CARMARTHEN COUNTY. SATURDAY, April 5th.-Beforo Mr. D. L. Jones, Derlwyn (in the chair); Major Dowdeswell, Llanstephan; Mr. T. Lewis, Brynglas; Mr. J. Ll. Thomas, Penybank; the Mayor of Carmarthen (Mr. J. B. Arthur), and Mr. J. Ll. Thomas, Gilfach. OCCASIONAL LICENSE. Mrs. Morgans, Angel Inn, Carmarthen, applied for an occasional license to sell intoxicating liquor at the Carmarthenshire Races. Mr. Rees, Union Hall, Llanstephan, also applied for a similar license.—Both licenses were granted. TEMPORARY TRANSFER. John Davies, Albion House, Abergwili, applied for a temporary transfer of the Black Ox, Aber- gwili.—Granted. NO LIGHT. Daniel Lewis, Gwyn Villa, Bronwydd Arms, in the parish of Newchurch, was charged with riding a bicycle without a light. P.C. John Thomas said that at 10.40 p.m. on the 27th March he saw the defendant on the Llande- feilog road, in the parish of Llangendeirne, riding a bicycle without a light. Fined 2s. 6d. and costs.
BRYNAMMAN NOTES. [BY "PARK LANE."] Brynamman people arc finding that all is not well in connection with the Insurance Act. The doctors' question still remains unsettled, and until negotia- tions are resumed one does not know whether the prospect is a bright one or not. Another complaint that has arisen concerns transfers from one friendly society to another a number of people are bitterly complaining that they cannot be allowed to become members of a friendly society once they allow their insurance card3 to get into the hands of one of the insurance agents. Every difficulty is placed in their way should they at any time wish to transfer; for according to a little known regulation of the Health Insurance Act every person must be able to give "a good and su cient rea-on" before he is allowed to leave one society for another. It is true that he can at tihe end of any quarter take his card to any society he likes, but unless the society which secured his preceding cards grants a transfer the person is unable to get any benefit should be become ill before he has been a member of the second society for twenty-six weeks. His first card consequently is of no value to him, and ho finds that either the British Government or the insurance company benefits perhaps to the extent of seven and sevenpence at his expense. In addi- tion to this he, of course, is deprived of his sick- pay during the time of his illness. The Brynamman Literary and Debating Society brought its session to a close with an instructive lecture given at Gibea Vestry by Mr. Henry Lewis, B.A., who is research scholar at Cardiff University. The lecture was on one of Gwalia's best sons— "Morgan Llwyd o Wynedd"—and was thoroughly enjoyed by a comparatively large number of the most cultured and thoughtful ladies and gentlemen of the locality. The purity of the lecturer's Welsh was striking (a fact commented upon by several of the subsequent speakers), and his narrative a marvel of thought, learning and interest. Mr.. William Jones ("Gwilym Brynamman') made an ideal ohair- man as is his wont. Mr. W. R. Williams, Mr. W. J. Williams, C.C., and the Rev. W. D. Thomas aftferwards spoke, in high praise of both the lecturer and the society, and a pleasant and profitable evening- was brought to an end after a few or the members of the society had spoken. The members of Dr. J. W. Lewis' ambulance class are just now busily "polishing up" for the exam- ination which will be held in a week or two. The class has been a very successful one, and is a tribute to the worthy doctor's success as a teacher.
SERIOUS ERROR IN CARMARTHEN Many fatal cases of kidney disease have reached an incurable stage because the patient did not understand the symptoms. Even to-day in Carmar- then there are many residents making the same serious error. They attribute their mysterious aches and pains to overwork, or worry, perhaps, when all the time their rheumatio pains, backache, head- ache, dizzy spells, dropsical swellings, and bladder irregularities are most probably due to weak and ailing kidneys. If you are ill, cure your kidneys WHILE YOU CAN, profiting by this Lampeter resi- dent's experience. Mrs. C. Powell, of Gas House. Lampeter, says:— For five or six months I had very restless nights, and when I stooped I could hardly straighten my- self again, owing to the sharp, smarting pains in my back. I hardly knew how to bear them when they were so severe. Headaches and giddiness troubled me greatly. The water was painful, and contained sediment. "I am pleased to say that Doan's backache kidney pills have done me a great deal of good. I took a course of them, and gradually I became free of the backache pains, and the water trouble was cor- rected. I think very highly of Doan's pills. (Signed) (Mrs.) C. POWELL." Price 2/9 a box, 6 boxes 13/9; of all dealers, or from Foster-McClellan Co., 8, Wells St., Oxford St., London, W. Don't ask for backache and kidney pills,—ask DISTINCTLY for DOAN'S backache kidney pills, the same as Mrs. Powell had.
CARMARTHENSHIRE MAIN ROADS INCONVENIENCE OF LEVEL CROSSINGS. A quarterly meeting of the Carmarthenshire Main Roads Council was held at the Town Hall, Llan- dilo, on Wednesday in last week, under the presi- dency of the Chairman (Mr. D. Davies, Llandebie). There were also present: Mr. D. Evans, Manordaf (vice-chairman); Sir James Williams-Drummond, Bart., C.B., Edwinsford; Lieut.-General Sir James Hills-Johnes, V.C., G.C.B., Dolaucothi; Mr. Mervyn Peel, Danyrallt; Mr. Delme Davies-Evans, Penylan; Mr. C. V. Pryse-Rice, Llwynybrain (mayor of Llan- dovery); Mr. J. W. Gwynne-Hughes, Tregeyb; Mr. Alfred Stephens, Broomhill; Mr. W. H. Dempster, Laugharne; Mr. W. J. Thomas, Glantowy; the Rev. D. Davies, Llandilo; Mr. W. J. Williams, Brynamman; Mr. L. N. Powell, Carregcennen; Mr. Nathan Griffiths, Llanelly; Mr T. Jones, Llanelly; Mr. J. Simlett, Llanelly; Col. Morris, Ammanford; Mr. Joseph Roberts, Llanelly Mr. T. Morris, Gar- nant; Mr. John Jones, Pontardulais: Mr. W. N. Jones, Tirydail; Mr. W .Thomas, Whitland; Mr. John Griffiths, Ardwyn; Mr. Thomas Thomas, Llangennech; Mr. W. Grcville, Llannon; Mr. J. Ll. Thomas, Hendv; Mr. David Davies, Rhyblid; Mr. W. Harries, Dryslwynfawr; Rev. J. H. Rees, Pembrey; Mr. W. Mabon Davies, Llansawdde; Mr. Benj. John, Llandissio; Mr. T. P. Jones, Llanelly, and Mr. Hughes, Bvnea; together with the clerk (Mr. J. W. Nicholas), the surveyors (Messrs. R. W. Jones and G. Henry), the county accountant (Mr. P. Pearoe), and other officials. THREATENED ROADMEN'S STRIKE. Mr. Nathan Griffiths drew attention to the appli- cation of the roadmen for an increase of wages, which had been ruled out of order at the last meeting, and asked the Surveyor for the Eastern Division whether he had had any intimation of a strike at Llanelly. Mr. Gomer Henry-I have not heard of it. A COMPLAINT. Mr. W. J. Wallis-Jones, solicitor, Carmarthen, wrote on behalf of Mr. Evans, Penrheol Farm, Johnstown, Carmarthen, complaining of water from the main road to Llanstephan running into and through his field and causing considerable damage. He claimed damages for four years at the rate of E2 a a year. Mr. Evans had brought the matter before the Carmarthen Education Authority and Town Council, but had been referred to the County Coun- oil. The Surveyor said that the drain was in the middle of a hollow between the school and railway crossing, and the County Council had acquired the right to let the surface water go that way, but there was was additional water coming from the school premises Tho Clerk was instructed to reply accordingly. NEWCASTLE-EMLYN ROADS. The Clerk of the Newoastle-Emlyn District Coun- cil wrote calling the Council's attention to the main road in Newcastle-Emlyn, suggesting improvements, and asking whether part of the grant from the Development Board could not be devoted to this purpose. The letter was referred to the Development Com- mittee. LEVEL CROSSING OBSTRUCTION. Mr. Thomas Thomas called attention to the ob- struction caused by a Great Western Railing cross- ing on a highway in Llangennech district. The Llanelly District Council had declined to take action in the matter. Mr. Delme Davies-Evans thought they should take notice of all the level crossing on the roads in the county, and he believed they ought to take action in this case. The way users of the road were detained at level crossings was a serious matter. Mr. Mervyn Peel thought they ought to know why the District Council declined to take action, and not rush in where angels feared to tread (laughter). Mr. Delmo Davies-Evans asked whether it was correct that persons could be detained at a level crossing for ten minutes without having any remedy for redress. It was extremely annoynig to be stopped about two days a week, and he would Uke to be able to get something out of the company for suoh unnecessary delay. The Clerk said that really each case would rest on its merits, and would depend on what was reasonable or unreasonable delay. What at first seemed reasonable might become unreasonable when looked into, and all the circumstances taken into consideration, and vice versa. Mr. vavid Eyans- Would the County Council or Who individual obstructed bring the action. The Clerk said that he did not think the County Council would come in. The County Council eamo in in this case because it was a public right-of-way which it was suggested was obstructed. It was the duty of the Parish Council tb submit .0 the Ruri-I District Council. If there was a continuing obstruction on the main road, the County Counoil would take aotion. Mr. W. N. Jones said that he was delayed at the level crossing at Ffairfach and lost his train to Carmarthen. He hired a motor-car, sent the bill to the company, an dthey paid Mr. Teel moved that inquiries he made as to why. the District Council refused to take action. The Clerk said that ho had made a little in- vestigation and seen the clerk of the District Courcil. It seemed to him there was an obstruction of a highway at that particular spot. A resolution to take proceedings was negatived. In the end the Clerk was instructed to write to fp G. W. R. Company on the matter. LLANELLY TRAMWAYS. Mr Nathan Griffiths called attention to the h ù state of the roads in the Llanelly rural district brought about by the tramways. Mr. Alfred Stephens said that the roads in oarts wero in a disgraceful state. The work had been done in a most shabby way, and the road was in a deplorable state. They had not put in any founda- tion and it was a serious matter; it should be attended to at once. The sides were not in accord. ance with the arrangements, and he suggested a small committee should be appointed to look into th. whole question and report. Jr. Mervyn Peel thought it was high time they snoulij take drastio action. Mr. Delme -avies-Evans seconded Mr. Stephens and the motion was carried. Ph(- following were appointed a committee:- Messrs. Alfred Stephens, Delme Davios-Evans, W. N. Jones, Nathan Griffiths, and Col. D. Morris. Mr. T. Morris called the attention of the Sur- veyor to the dangerous retaining wall at Garnant near the Cawdor Colliery. The road was in a dis- graceful state, and the wall wanted attention. lb j Surveyor said he would see to the matter. ANOTHER STEAM-ROLLER REQUIRED. Mr. W. J. Williams said that the western division had borrowed a steam-roller from the eastern divi- sion, and never returned it. He wanted the roller back, as there was urgent need for it in the eastern where the traffic on the roads were much heavier. The Amman Valley roads wanted immediate atten- tion. Mr. Alfred Stephens said that the roads in ihe western were very bad, and he thought they ought to hire another roller for the east, because they could not afford to do without one of their present rollers in the west. Mr. John said that the rollers they had now were incompetent to deal with all the roads. He thought they should purchase another. Mr. T. Morris said that there waa nothing to touch the Swansea traffic over the Amman Valley roads in the county, and yet the Valley roads had had practically nothing done to them. They re- quired the services of one roller. There was no hopes for months to come. It was decided to hire a steam-roller for the eastern division. Permission on the ordinary .terms was given to the Carmarthen Electrio Supply Company to place standards on the Abergwili road for public lighting. Mr. W. N. Jones said that the Surveyor should see that the poles were placed where they would not be a nuisance to users of tho road. Mr. Stephens hoped the Surveyor would insist on the lamps being placed high enough so as not to dazzle the eyes of drivers of vehicles. In Llanelly the lamps were placed so low that it was fearfully bad, and they could almost touch them.
Carmarthen Borough MONDAY, April 7th.—Before the Mayor (Mr. J. B. Arthur) in the chair; Mr. Walter Spurrell, Mr. John Lewis, Mr. Henry Howells, and Mr. H. E. fB. Richards. A MOTHER'S STORY. A pitiable story was told to the bench by a widow, Mrs. oarah Lewis, 6, Cambrian-place, Carmarthen, who applied for sureties of the peace, as, she de- clared, she was in bodily fear of her eighteen-year-old son, William Thomas Lewis, who she stated in her evidence, on the 2nd inst., hit her with his fist, and caused the back mark under her eye, which the magistrates could then see. On a previous occasion he had threatened her with a table knife. He had fits of temper, and demanded money from her to go to picture shows, but he was not addicted to drink. His father, who had died some two years ago, had put him to thre-e or four trades, but he would not stick to them, neither would he stay and work with his brother at one of the Llanelly works. Defendant denied hitting his mother, and said she got her black eye through a knock against the door. The Chairman said defendant ought to be ashamed Im of himself. He would be bound over for twelve months. FISHING IN PROHIBITED WATERS. John Barnes, labourer, Haulwen House, St. Clears, was summoned for contravening a bye-law of the Board of Conservators by fishing in the river Towy. Mr. H O. Long -Price, superintendent of the Xowy fishery district, prosecuted. Defendant pleaded ignoranco of the barred waters He admitted having several bites. He was fined Is. and 10s. 6d. costs.
Llandilo SATURDAY, April 5th.—Before Col. Gwynne-Hughes, Major Spence Jones, Mr. L. N. Powell, and Mr. Evan Jones. THE LLWYNPARTRIDGE INN. The renewal of the licence of the Llwynpartridge Inn, Capel Isaac, was objected to. D.C.C. Evan3 said the house had been closed since November last and the last holder of the licence left because the trade was not sufficient. Mr. T. H. Powell, solicitor, Llandilo, appeared for the applicant. P.S. Jones said the Llwynpartridge Inn was tied to the South Wales Brewery. The rateable Value was JE7 12s. The late occupier told witness that the rent was L18. There was about an acre of ground attached to the plaoo, and a garden and stable. The tenancy was a yearly one. The occupier was not fully dependent on the business. He was employed at Maeateilo. The nearest public-house was the Farmers' Arms, Llanfynydd, distant about 24 miles. Refreshments supplied other than intoxicants were bread and cheese and ham and eggs. There was no special accommodation where a person could get a meal apart from the bar. D.v.C. Evans said that the objection in this case came from the bench, and he was only carrying out their instructions. P.S. Jonee said that on account of there being four entranoes to the house—three in front and one in the back—the conditions from the point of view of police supervision were difficult. As to the extent of the business dona thoro the former licensee informed witness that he sold 18 gallons of beer a week, but very little .bottled beer or mineral water. In the winter time the trade was very poor. The conduct of the house for the last 10 years had been satisfao tory. The house was not necessary for the needs of the public. It had been closed since November, and no one had complained of being inconvenienced. George Gwyn, Pantyrodyn, Capel Isaac, said that on the 19th March he attended a public meeting at the vestry room, Capel Isaac, when a resolution was passe a unanimously to petition the bench against renewing the licenoe of the Llwynpartridge Inn as it was quite unnecessary for the welfare of the com munity. There were about 30 persons present. The decision of the committee had been endorsed by those resident within two miles. The petition pro- duced had been signed by 152 persons, all of whom were over 15 years of age. Cross-examined—Witness lived 1* miles off. He 4 had never been in a public-house in his life, except on business, and had been a total abstainer all his life. He had heard a great deal of noise at this public-house when passingi by. Wm. Crooks appeared before the bench on a charge of non-maintenance of his wife and family. It was stated that defendant had only been employed two or three days a week and was earning 3s. 6d. a day. he suggested 10s. a week, but the Deputy-Clerk said that according to his present earnings that would be impossible. The case was adjourned for a month, defendant undertaking to send some money in the meantime. FISHING WITHOUT LICENCES. Enoch Thomas was charged with fishing in the parish of Llanfynydd with a rod and line without a licence. Mr. H. O. Long Price, superintendent of water bailiffs, prosecuted. Evidence was given by T>ailiff Wa'tor Walters. Defendant told witness that the shop of Mr. Williams where the licences were »
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Llandovery FRIDAY, April 4th.—Before Alderman C. P. Lewis and Alderman T. Watkins. ALLEGED THEFT BY BROTHERS. Ralph and Lott Hughes, The Vaults, L'andovery, brothers, were charged by another brother, named Wm. Henry Hughes, Cefngre.ich Farm, Mothvey, with stealing a horse, value £10.. Mr. Harries, solicitor, iSwansea, appeared for the defence. The prosecutor deposed to having missed the horse from the stable on the morning of the 31st ult., about 5.30. He traced the animal by tracks to Llandovery, and acquainted P.C. Evans of the oc- currence. The police-constable thereupon visited Llanwrda and there arrested Lutt Hughes near the Railway Station on suspicion of having- stolen the animal. At first Lott denied knowing anything about the horse but eventually owned up and said that the" crock" was in the stable of the Royal Oak. The horse was then handed back to the prosecutor, who made his way back to Llandovery, whilst the constable conveyed defendant to the lock- up. Near Dolgarreg Forge the prosecutor met his brother Ralph, who asked him who was the owner of the horse, whereupon the prosecutor replied that he (prosecutor) was. Ralph then suggested that they should fight it out, and took off his coat. In order to defend himself tho prosecutor le tgo his ho'd of tho horse, and after a struggle overpowered Ra'ph on the bank. At this point Ralph begged the prosecutor not to hit him ,and suggested that they should talk it over. Whilst the prosecutor was re- covering himself Ralph jumped on his horse and galloped away, slashing with a whip the prosecutor's horse in front of him. This fairly daunted the prosecutor, and he wended his way back to Llan- dovery, and informed P.C'. Evans again of the affair, and the latter again started to search for the horse, and secured it at Bwlchy.gwynt, brought it back to Llandovery, and stabled it at King's Head Hotel. When Ralph was arrested lie said, I did take away the horse, being under the impression that it was my bother's property." Under cross-examination the prosecutor said that he did not know of a trans- action between his mother and Simpson Hughes, or Swansea, another brother, to whom a bil! of sale was made, which included the horse, for money lent. Willie Griffiths, North Western Hotel, gave evi- dence for the prosecution. For the defence evidence was given bv Mi-f. Mary Hughes. The Vaults, fish and fruit hawker, who said that the animal was taken np to the prosecutor's land last Christina's. In the first week in February he told her that the horse had met with an accident owing to having got its foot into a rabbit hole. He handed her 5s. compensation, and said that on the morrow fte rt"" H' 'Y h°tse. to tne pigs. He also promised to brine down the skin to aeil at Swamea_ br^ ^orthooming she visited Cefngreach on the 3rd of March and saw the horse feeding with number of other horses, apparently in 2^d Tni, tion. Lott accompanied her that day and she t l the horse from there and handed bak- Drc^U > wife the 5s„ saying that she would see hxT"^ the grazing Thft u w 111111 about town and fetched back the^iorse^Had °!fle to sell the animal shocould nnf ^desired Consent of Mr. Simpson Hughes Swanbea. At this stage the bench came to the conolusioR that it was not a case for them to decide upon as there seemed to be a dIspute as to the lawful own er- ship of the horse, and the charge would therefore be dismissed.
llilo-- LLANDOVERY BOARD OF GUARDIANS Mr. D. Davies, Rhyblid, presided over the fnrt ntght.y meeting of the Llandovery Board of P, L lans on Friday last. There were „kA jfessrs. E P Lloyd, T. Watkins, W. Mabon Danes' J. Evans (Abernamt), Lewis Roderick, W. Evans Cross Inn;, R Thomas, T. Phillips. Evan Davies Benjamin illum^ G. Morgan, T. Williama, Dd' Jones, Dl. Lewis, W. R. Lewis, Rees Lew™ Thos ^ones and the E^v. J- Jones, together with the clerk Dr MoJanf Vh T-' ° officer of health the ma°Z mr Vf (Mr' K Evan Wiihimsj. the INSURANCE ACT DIFFICULTY It transpired during the discussing of the relief lists that a man from Caio had become ill and had a am,ly dependent on him. He M a ml £ r of .1 industrial insurance society, and had paid his c.ontri- bution under tne National Insurance Act, and should have received sickness benefit amounting to lOs. weekly Up to the present notihng had been re- ceived bv him. The Board seriously considered the advisability of communicating with the Insurance Commissioners, and eventually decided that should it become necessary the relieving officer should re- lieve the family in kind and in the meantime the Clerk was instructed to look into the matter. Newspapers and magazines had been sent to the house by Alderman Watkins and Mr. J. Garner.
Rural District Council 1 ,At ™eetinf Tof the Rural District Council held later, Mr. Daniel Lewis, J.P., Ynysyborde, presided. FARM DWELLING-HOUSE. The Medical officer reported on the condition of a farm in Caio parish. The water supply was unfit for drinking purposes without being first boiled, cows' nlth ran into the supply, the cowhouse contiguous to the kitchen, and the dwelling in a dilapidated condition.. In going to the place the doctor had to traverse in mud, filth, and dung. The matter was referred to the owner, to whom a copy of the medical officer's report will be sent. WATER SUPPLIES. The water pipes at Rhandirmwyn School it was reported ran through the conveniences and complaints were made of the distance necessary to walk to obtain water from the Jj.ansadwrn and Caio Schools. It was decided that the attention of the managers should be drawn to the case of the former school, and in future the masters were asked to use earth -n- ware jugs instead of tin as hitherto to carry the water. SURVEYOR'S REPORT. Mr. Lewis, surveyor, L'.angadock, mentioned in hia report several places where it would be desirabjlj to place hydrants, should they go in for the water scheme suggested. The Clerk said that the expenses already incurred had been borne by the Llanelly Rural District Council. DILAPIDATED BRIDGE. Mr. Thomas Williams called the attention of the Council to the delapidated condition of Glanmarlaia footbrulge, and the Surveyor was instructed to rfpo-t thereon by the next meeting.
go NEW QUAY SUCCESS.—Amongst the successful candidates at the March examination of the College of Precep- tors examination, held at Cardiff, we notice the name of James Trevelyan Jones, only 508 of Dr. T. Jones, J.P., of Glandderw, Aberkenfig, Glamorgan., and of Tudor Hall, New Quay, Cardigan, passed the first-class. It is gratifying to hear that he obtained a high percentage of marks in most sub- jects. Mr. Jones is at present pursuing his studies at Malvern College. SUNDAY SCHOOL FESTIVAL.—This festival was held at Llanllwchaiarn Parish Church. The following were the schools which took partLlanarth, Myd- roilyn, Landyssilio, St. Mark's, Llanllwchaiarn, Croffe Inn. The adtÙ schools were catechised separately on appointed portions in the Gospel ac- cording to St. John. Three questions were also given to each school on the marriage service of the church. The juvenile schools were catechised on appointed portions of the Rev. A. G. Evans' book on the Life and Work of Joshua, and also on the Church Cateohism. Each adult school sang aa anthem, and each juvenile school a tune. At 5.30 a mass meeting in defence of the Church was held for the Rural Deanery of Glynaeron in the Council School, when Mr. T. Jones, J.P., Castle Grften. The speakers were Rev. Griffith Thomas, vicar of St. David's, Carmarthen, and Mr. W. A. Wheel, Llansumlet, when excellent speeches were delivered to a very large audince. This was alto- gether a very successful meeting. SINGING FESTIVAL.-The annual singing festival of the Calvinistic Methodists of Newquay was held at the Tabernacle, Newquay. Professor D. Evans, Mus. Bac., Cardiff, conducted. The presidents, morning, afternoon and evening, respectively were Mr. T. P. Timothy, Newquay; Mr. D. Jones, Ffosyffin, and the Rev. Myfyr Evans, Aberarth. BUHTALS.—IT is with regret we have to record the following burials, viz., Mrs. Mary Hughe-s, aged 76, Mason Square, at Llanllwohaiarn. The Rev. Gwilym Williams officiated at the house, and the Rev. E. Lloyd, rector, at the church and grave- side.—On the same day were laid to rest the re- mains of a very well-known resident at Maenygroes; Mary Evans, locally known as Mary Blaencwm- gido. The Rev. W. Griffiths, Maenygroes. officia- ted.—Mrs. Nell Evans, 1 Marine Terrace, was buried at Maenygroes. The Rev. E. Aman Jones, Towyn. officiated.
Many labouring men in the West of England are Dew adding to their wages by catching moles, whose skins fetch 3d. or more each owing to the demand for them. j
issued was closed that day when he came down or he would have taken out a lioenoe. Defendant said that he had been taking out a licence regularly for many years. He ottered to show the witness last year's licence. He had now taken one out, and would have taken it on the date in question had he been able to get away from his duties in Glamorganshire cariler. Fined 2s. 6d. and costs. Thomas W. Nelson was similarly charged and fined 2i. 6d. and oosts. DRUNK. Thomas Martell was charged by P.C. Jno. Thomas with drunkenness. There were previous convictions. Fined 17¡;. bd.- molusiyo; ALLEGED THEFTS. Alexander Isaao Cadogan and Frank Hall, a lodger with the latter, residing at 2, John's-terrace, Peny- groes, wer charged with stealing a comb ami it pair of bookings, total value, 2s. 3d. Mrn. Elizabeth Roberts, Panthowell, Penygroes, who keeps a china. and grocery business deposed that defendants came to her shop, examined and bought a pair of vases for Is. They afterwards exchanged them for another paid, for which they paid Is. Id. They afterwards examined some hair combs, but did not buy any, and witness priced them on the shelf. Hill also bought half a pound of baoon. The shop was a look-up one. Witness had occasion to go to another room whilst defendants were in the shop. She subsequently missed the stockings and the comb. Returning from chapel on the Sunday morning, she saw Hill wearing the stockings which she identified. Hill said he paid for the comb, and both defendants denied the theft of the stockings. The benoh dismissed both cases, giving defendants the benefit of the doubt. P.C. Riohard Davies, Cothi Bridge, charged Evan Walters, Llainbwll, Velingwm, Nantgaredig, with stealing a pair of iron whipp'e trees, the property of Evan Stanley Phillips, in -September, 190. Witness stated that in consequence of information received he proceeded to Monachdy Farm, and there saw Mr. Williams who said that he bought a pair of iron whipples from the defendant., Witness took posses- sion of them and on tho 24th of [February this year, interviewed defendant, who said that the whipples belonged to him, and that he on'y gave the loan of them to Mr. Williams. He said he found the whipples between two rows of turnips which he had bought at Waundrewig at a sale there. He took, them away. Evidence of identification of the whipple trees was given by Evan Stalney Phillips. Evidenoo was also given by Williams, Monachdy, and ThOi. Wm. Phillips, Hendrcwenin, Llanarthney. Defendant denied the theft, but in cross-examina- tion by Mr. T. George Williams, who appeared for the prosecution, said that he found tho articles be- tween two rows of turnips put them on the cart, and took them home. Asked if they belonged to Mr. Phillips' father, and wh yhe hadn't sent word to him that they were with him defendant said he forgot. Questioned as to why he should have taken them away defendant said that there were so many carta about that ho know if he didn't take them somebody elsa would. Defendant was discharged under the Probationers Act, and ordered to pay the costs, 22 lis. 9d. Patrick ^'Connor was charged with stealing a pan, valued by the owner at 10s. Lewis Evans, Towy House, Nantgaredig, coal merchant, said that on the 31st March he saw P.C. Davies. The pan produced was his. On the 27th of March it was on witness's field. He afterwaras missed it. The value was about 10s. It was used •for holding water for oattle. He next saw the pan at Carmarthen. Defendant—How could it hold water' if there was a hole in the bottom?—There was no hole there. P.C. Richard Davies, Nantgaredig, said in conse- quence of information received, he went to Carmar-, then and receave dprisoner into custody from the county police. In answer to the charge he said, What I got to say I will say before the magistrates.' He afterwards said, "I wish to admit I stole it from a field near the railway station. I paw it in the field, thinking it was not much good I took it to Carmarthen, and there tried to sell it, but failed. I then conveyed him to Llandilo Police-station. Prisoner .waa committed to the Quarter Sessions.