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. NOTES OF THE WEEK.
NOTES OF THE WEEK. A reader of the JOCRXAL resident in the Mid'ands writes to a friend at Carmarthen: Yes, the JOURNAL is real NEWS to me. I read every line of it, even the advertisements down to Doan's backache pills at Tumble! Lord Dundreary asked the famous question, Whv does a dog wag his tail and forthwith gave the answer, Because the dog is stronger than the tail. If the tail were stronger than the dog the tail would wag the dog. It appears that a problem on similar lines has been solved by the "Wearers of the Green" over yonder. It has been found ex- pedient to lock the doors of the last carriage of the fast train because it is dangerous'y wagged by what goes before. The Irish have solved this prob- lem by leaving this last carriage at home. While speaking of American wonders the follow- ing from an ancient Carmarthenshire man who had been in America comes to our recollection. When he was new in the country he went to a farmer for a of tobacco. Come out to the barn," said the farmer. What have you to carry it?" added he. The buyer produced his born box. Oh, that will not do, I'll lend you one of the horse lines. said he. Then he put his pitchfork into a heap of tobacco, told the buyer to plant his foot against the end of the handle to stay it. The farmer lifted with all his might, and said, "There, that's your pennyworlh!" Now that we have revivals worked up in different directions it may not be inopportune to remind our readers of the kindling of the fire at Trewcrn during the great 1859 revival. According to the late Rev. Isaac Davies, better known as Father Isaac," Trewen had been untouched until a couple of famous revivalists came round of a week evening. One of them had beaten the bushes until he sat down breathless. Then his "brother" got up, and after travelling Gilboa without dew nor rAn for a while he thought he would touch a cord an octavo lower. You people now hear of a railway going to come through your beautiful valley," he said. "Oh. what a boon for you farmers," "A ha," said the senior deacon. "Then you will get your coal and lime for nothing," he cried, and the carriage of it free "Amen" came from dozens, and "Hosannah, Hallelujah!' came in deafening shouts. The second revivalist fat down in triumph. The fire had been lit at Trewern. The following comes from an American's nugo Cabbage Patch," a man who met his match in one of the rdrer,ohers of Carmarthen. He described one of his cabbages as having grown to very unusual proportions, having a height of jne thousand feet- and a spread of two thousand. The apparently untravelled Welshman said he could readily believe it from what he saw six miles out- side New York. He thought he heard the noise of Niagara when four miles away, but when within a mile he saw some tremendous object rising like a mountain several thousand feet to the sky. When he came nearer he saw thousands of people hammer- ing at this huge boiler. "Halt," said the American, "I guess you mistake." "Oh, no," said Taffy, "this boiier I was told was being built to boil y.our big cabbage." With an almost stationary population, and some ten years of brisk building, how is the scarcity of houses accounted for at Carmarthen? The con- demning and breaking up of certain old portions of the town and the consequent migration of tthe occupants to new cottages and houses offer only a part explanation. The fact is thati Carmarthen is quietly becoming a centre for business in a more or less modest way. For instance, commercial travellers have for a few years past been finding it a convenient and pleasant centirc, and there are about 70 representatives of important firms now living there. Then. again, there are the new rail- way repairing sheds, several large and growing public offices, flourishing cottages and schools, all of which doubtless create a demand for more and better QCcommoda tinJl. Mr. Ernest Parke's eleventh annual report on manurial trials on the arable part of his farm at Kineton, in Warwickshire, has just been issued. The Mangold crop. grown after Wheat, was a heavy one where well manured. The unmanured portion of tne field grew only 16 tons per acre. This was increased to 25 tons by a dressing of superphos- phate. Different portions of the field had, in addi- tion. dressings of nitrate of soda in quantities of 2 cwt., 4 cwt., and 6 cwt. per acre, and in these oases the yield of Mangolds was 32 tons, 37 tons, and 43 tons per acre. Deducting the yield of the unmanured land, the increase, when botih super- phosphate and nitrate were used, averaged 21 tons of Mangolds per acre, and, as the average cost of the fertilisers was only about 60s. per acre, the cost of the extra 21 tons of roots was only 3s. per ton. As the consuming value of Mangolds :8 usually assumed to be nearer 10s. a ton, the result appears to show a handsome profit. The responsive nature, under manurial treatment, of this naturally poor soil-which is typical of much in this neighbourhood—is a.gain illustrated by the Oat crop. which followed roots of the year before. An unmanured plot gave 46 bushels of Oats per acre. Where manured with 3 cwt. of superphosphate and 1 cwt. of nitrate of soda the crop was 59 bushels per acre, and with a second hundredweight of nitrate it was raised to 77 bushels, making a total increase, due to fertilisers, of nearly 4 quarters of Oats per acre, worth, at the present price of English Oats, about' j64, the cost of the fertilisers responsible for the increase being only about 35s. In the Hon. Stephen Coleridge's new work, I "Memories," there are some interesting references to the late Sir Lewis Morris. "For many years (he says) I saw a good deal of Lewis Morris, the poet. He lived atl a house on the hill opposite the town of Carmarthen, which I have visited three times a year since 1890; and until his death I was in the habit of walking up in the evening to see him after the Courts had risen. He experienced two great disappointments during those years. The first was his rejection as a candidate for Parliament; and, indeed, one would have supposed that if a dis- tinguished Welshman, who was certainly a very well-known poet the world over, was willing to go to Parliament), any Welsh constituency ought to have been proud to return him; it was uncouth of them not to be imaginative enough to elect him when he offered to serve them as his representative. Moreover, there was no political difficulty, for he waa a good Liberal, and stood for a Liberal con- stituency. "The second and more poignant disappointment was when the ingenious author of the 'Ode to the Jameson Raiders' was made Poet Laureate, before he had even established his reputation by that great performance. Lord Salisbury's tastes were always reputed bo lie more in the direction of chemistry than the Muser, and tnere could be no doubt of the sound political credentials of the amiable author who subsequently bid the young gentleman on horseback 'hurry up for pity' to save 'the girls in the gold-reefed city' from whatever it was that Mr. Paul Kruger contemplated inflicting upon them. Lewis Morris's chagrin was somewhat assuaged with the solation of a knighthood, but that anodyne never really sufficed to heal the sore. I suggested to him as a consolatory explanation of what had happened thafl it might have been the difficulty of deciding between him and Swinburne that led to the selection of neither. "Ceftainly he was a blazing luminary in the surrounding gloom of Carmarthenshire, and my own vanity was flattered by the manner in which my visits were hailed as memorable events in a dreary world. "We browsed about together among his books, and talked of the lives and works and loves and calamities of authors; of the best title ifor his next volume, of predestination, of free will, of creeds, out-worn, and what not, about it and about it and about, and then, &c., and then he would walk with me to the edge of the nil], where he could look down together upon the lights of dull Carmarthen, and so part till the next circuit. "Carmarthen has never been the same to me since he died; I never stay there now an hour longer than I can help." In another place. we have an extract from Mr Coleridge's Diary, under date Nov. 2, 1883 :Last night Mr. Gladstone came to dinner. Mr. Gladstone was full of Lewis Morris's lasb volume of poems, superlative in praise as is his woitt."
SOCIETY AND PERSONAL.
SOCIETY AND PERSONAL. Lady Howard has decided to contribute £1,000 towards the cost of a new church at Glenalla, L'an- elly. The church will be completed immediately. There was a distinguished gathering at the Llan- e'ly J. a rish Church on Saturday last, when Margaret Stepney Howard, the infant daughter of Sir Stafford and Lady Howard, wa,s christened in the church of her forefathers—the Stepneys having for centuries been associated with it. It is noteworthy that the service, which was conducted by the Rev. D. Wat cyn Morgan, was wholly in the Welsh language. Mr. Dudley Williams-Drummond, Hafodneddyn, acted as godfather, the list of godmothers including t'ne names of the Hon. Lady Stepney, Madamoiselle Gerin, Mrs. Alfred Sotheby, Miss Alianmore Howard, and Mrs. Detmar Blow. The baby wore the family christening robe of Brussels tulle embroidered over white satin, with cap to match, and a diamond cross. the gift of the Hon. Lady Stepney, Many valuable gift", were made. Tne engagement is announced between Mr. Alister C. B. Lloyd, eldest son of Mr. Charles Lloyd, of Waunifor, Cardiganshire, and Mary, daughter of the late Rev. Edward M. F. Stack, and niece of Mr. Trotter Cranstoun, of Harvieston. The marriage will take place early in April. Mitts Stack has an inti- mate acquaintance with the Gorebridge district. During her regime a-, mistress at Harvieston she has made herself very popular by the active part she has taken in public affairs, and by her many kindly acts in cases of sickness amongst the residents in the village and district. The announcement has given general pleasure, but one hears everywhere a note of regret at ner valuable services being ;ost to the district. To Miss Stack's inception the Borth- wick Ward Sick Fund owes its existence. For twelve years the lady in question has acted as con- vener of the board of management. She also took a keen interest in the institution of Borthwick Horti- cultural and Industrial Association. An enthusiast in the cause, she has acted as hon. secretary of. the local Women's Unionist Association since its forma- tion. Mr. Alister C. B. Lloyd is a nephew of ,.tlr. Mac-fie, of Borthwick Hall, Heriot.
ORGAN RECITAL.—On Sunday evening next at St. Peter's Church, Stainer's Crucifixion will be sung by the choir (see our advertisement columns). THE Lord Chancellor has appointed Mr. T. Howell Davies, solicitor, 61, King street, Carmarthen, io be a Commissioner to administer oatns. THE Rev. T. L. Richards, vicar of St. Matthews, Swansea, has been appointed by the Bishop of St. David's to the benefice of Llanddarog, Carmarthen- I shire. GRAMMAR SCHOOL.—At the last Civil Service exami nation, T. W. Davios, from the above tcnool, was placed in the Second Division, and has gamed his ooinmis.sion in the Civil Service. ABJEBGWILI EISTEDDFOD.—A very Miecessiui eis- teddfod was held at Abergwili on Thursday, March 6th, of which a full account appears in our Welsh Columns. RAINFALL RECORDS.—At Golden Grove Gardens: March 5th, 0.30 inches March 6th, 0.02; March 7tn, 0.22: March 8th, 0.00; March 9th, 0.00; March 10th, 0.15; March 11th, 0.16: total, 0.85 inches.—F. Sur- man. WELSH FIELD COMPANY-ROYAL ENGINEERS.— Orders for week ending March 22nd. 1913 :-Oftic(r on duty. Capt. J. (Francis; N.C.O. on duty, C.S.M.R. A. R. Davies; orderly corporal, 2nd Corpl. A. E. Lewis; orderly trumpeter, Trumpeter A. Duckfield. Monday: Recruits' drill ;7.30 p.m. Wednesday: Miniature range practice; 7.30 p.m.—(Signed) John Francis, Capt., Welsh Field Co., R.E. THE CHURCHES.—Special meetings for the ordina- tion of Mr. T. H. Emanuel, Carmarthen Presbyterian College, were held at Penuel English Congregational Church, Ynyshir. Tne Rev. Rosser Evans. Amman- ford. officiated, and the Rev. T. Hirwen Jenkins, Nantyinoe', presided, and the Revs. E. W. '1 nomas, Tonypandy, and Morgan Jenkins, Aborcych, per. formed the devotional part. DEPARTURE.—The numerous friends of Mr. Dyfed Davies, son of the late Mr. Caractactu. Davies, and Mr. and Mrs. Brown, will be interested to hear of their departure to Canada, which took place on Sun- day last, fqpm Liverpool. We wish them a pros- perous life, and we hope their sojourn will be suc- cessful one at Canada. Mr. Brown, who was recently married, ih the son of Mr. and Mr. Brown, Union- street, Carmarthen. PERSONAL.—Mr. A. Killick Mayall, head constable of Carmarthen, was one of the applicants for the post of head constableiship of Canterbury, which has been rendered vacant by the retirement of the late chief, Mr. L. T. Dunk. There were over sixty appli- cants for the post, and Mr. Mayall was one of those who were appointed to appear before the Watch Committee on Friday last. The position, which is worth E350 and house, was, however, secured by Deputy Chief Constable Dam. of Devonport. GOLDEN WEDDING.—Mr. and Mrs. Henry Griffiths, Rhaglan Cottage, Fclinfoel, near Llanelly, who were married on the 7th of March. 1863, at the Registry Office, Carmarthen, celebrated their golden wedding on Friday. Mr. Griffiths is a native of Carmarthen, where he was born in January, 1840. Mrs. Griffiths rails from Pembrokeshire, having been born on June 3rd, 1837. There have been nine children of the marriage .six of whom arc sti!l living, and there are 34 grand-children. A daughter of the couple is the wife of Inspector Ford, of the Swansea Police Force. FUNERAL.—The funeral of Mr. John Jones. Mill- stream Cottage, Glanannt-road, Carmarthen, took place on Thursday in last week at St. David's Church burial ground- The Rev. Dvfnallt Owen officiated at the house, and the Rev. Griffith Thomas. vicar of St. David's, at the church and graveside. The following were the chief mourners:—Mr. Edwin Jones. Neath (brother) Messrs. Edmund and John Jones (nephews): Mr..Jno. Jones. Pensarn (nephew;: Mr. George Croker. Mcrthyr (son-in-law); Mr. J. E. Croker, Carmarthen (grandson) and Messrs. Dd. and Wm. Harries: Mrs. Durvans (daughter), was absent illiicss. CARMARTHENSHIRE INFIRMARY.—The Secretary begs respectfully to acknowledge the receipt of the fol- lowing :—7s. 7d. from the Royal Ivy Bush Hotel In- firmary box; 6s. 7d. from the Boar's Head Hotel In- firmary box; £"2 3" from Penuel Baptist Chapel, Carmarthen; periodicals from Mr. R. James, Bridge- street, and Mrs. Gwynne-Hughes, Glancothy. G.W.R. EXCURSIONS.-The G.W.R. Company have made up an attractive series of excursions for the Easter holidays from and to all parts of their ever- growing system. In our advertising columns parti- culars will be found of these cheap trips, which include excursions to Limerick on the 18th, Killar- ney on the 19th, Jersey and London, 20th; etc. Full particulars may be had of Mr. F. Wheatley, stationmaster, Carmarthen. WEDDING.—A wedding of much local interest was oe'ebrated at the Registry Office, Carmarthen, on Saturday, when Miss Martha Evans, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Evans, Llangotten, was married to Mr. Albert Price James, contractor, Pontyberem, son of Mr. Edwin James, Llandefeilog. The duties of best man were ably carried out by Mr. Sydney James, sub-stationmaster, Pontyberem. The bridesmaid was Miss Mary Evans (sister of gride). The bride, who was given away by her brother, Mr. Tom Evans, was charmingly attired. 4TH BATT. THE WELSH REGIMENT.—(E Company.— Orders for the week ending Saturday, the 22nd March, 1913:-Officers on duty, 2nd Lieutenant A. O. Williama; company orderlies, CoLSergt. J. M Williams and Corporal Maynard; orderly buglers, Bugler Johnson. Parades, &c.:—Monday Company drill, 7.30 p.m. drill order; recruits' drill, 7.30 p.m.; plain clothes. Tuesday. Company drill (College Half- company), 2.30 p.m.; drill order; N.C.O.'s (aiming and fir-ing instruction), 7.30 p.m.; plain clothes. Wednesday: Attestation of recruits and recruits' drill; 7.30 p.m.; plain clothes. Friday: Recruits' drill, 7.30 p.m.; plain clothes; N.C.O.'s musketry in- struction on miniature range, 7.30 p.m.; plain clothes. By order, J. F. de Rees, Capt., commanding E. Co. 4th Welsh Regiment, Carmarthen. NATIONAL RESERVE.—Lieutenant Pu-gh. D.S.O., secretary of the West Wahv. Territorial Forces Asso- ciation, reports that the National Reserve for the joint counties is growing numerica'ly stronger day by day. There is now a total of Obb, 304 of which belong to Carmarthenshire, 310 to Pembrokeshire, ,aiL and 51 to Cardiganshire. The new Provisional National Reserve regulations show that the financial arrangements are rather more liberal. The associa- tions, as hitherto, get 18. per head, an extra 10s. for those who undertake general service anywhere, and an extra 5s. for those who undertake liability for home defence. This money is not a retaining fee for the men, but is to be expended by County Asso- ciations on musketry practice, ammunition, parades, and other administrative needs. APPOINTMENT.—The numerous friends of Mr. C. W. Wilford. son of Mr and Mrs W. S. Wilford, of 3, Morley-street. Carmarthen, who for four-and-a-half years has been the certificated a' ib- tant master in the Diss (Norfolk) Council Beys' School, will be pleaded to learn that he has been appointed senior assistant master at the Parochial Schools, Cliffe-at-Hoo, Kent. Mr. Wilford has also been appointed organist of the beautiful Parish Church of St. Helen's. The "Diss Journal" for last week pays him the following compliment:— Mr. Wilford's advance in his profession will mean a loss to Diss that will be keenly felt, for he has occupied a larger place in the life of the town than is usual, even with good teachers. An accom- plished pianist and an organist of ability, he has always been ready to give his services freely in the cause of music, and has been in oonstant demand for entertainments of various kinds. His departure will leave a gap in the Choral Society, the Tennis Club, and the Men's Social Club, and organisers of musical entertainments will find it difficult to fill his place. He leaves the town at Easter with a chorus of good wishes." IFUNERAL.—Tiie funeral of the late Miss Margaret Davies, of Danygraig Farm. C'wmffrwd, near Car marthen, took place on Monday last. The place of interment was Penygraig Chapel burial ground. The pastor (Rev. J. P. Evans) officiated. Amongst the chief mourners present were.—Mias Elizabeth Davies, Danygraig Farm (-sister); Mrs. Ann Thomas, Llantrisant (sister); Mr. Tom Thomas, Llantrisant (nephew); Miss Jane Thomas, Llantrisant (niece); Mr. Dd. Griffiths, Llandilo (brother-in-law); Mr. John Griffiths (nephew) and Mrs. Griffiths, Francis- terrace, Carmarthen; Mr. Tom Griffiths, Cardiff (nephew); Mr. Rees Griffiths, Ferndaie (nephew); Mrs. Davies, Francis-terrace, Carmarthen (sister-in- law) Mr. John Davies, (Francis-terrace (nephew): Mrs. T. Thomas (niece), and Mr. T. Thumas, Forest Farm; Mr. Evans (cousin); and Mrs. Evans, Bryn- iarll. Mr. John Williams (cousin), and Mrs. Wil- liams, Cwmffrwd; and Mr. Dd. Evans, Mountain Ash (cousin). The relatives wish to take this oppor- tunity of thanking all who sympathised with them in their bereavement. THE RINK PICTUREDRO.NIE.-Tiie programme pre- sented this week by the capable management of Mr. it. W. Ward of the 'Drome '¡ again characterised by a fine choice of films. The principal pictures of the excellent fare are entitled "Pte. Hector. Gentle- man," a powerful military drama: "The Great Drought., and "The Trouble Trial," two absorbing stories filled with interest. For the beginning of next week the principal pictures are "Dick Turpin's Quarrel," an episode of the highwayman days; "Captain Barnacle's Waif," a delightful story; "The Heavenly Voice." and "Sylvia's Loyalty," two delightful dramas; 'The Valley of La Vesubie a Beautiful scenic picture, and 'illustrated Proverbs," a highly humorous picture. For Thursday, March 20th, The Mystery of Kador Cliffs, a. thril!in,ij drama, and "Tricked by Smugglers," a powerful drama, including several others, will be ehown. RINKING is held as follows:—Afternoons, 2.30 to 4.30 (Saturdays excepted); evenings, 6 to 7.30 (Thurs- days and Saturdays excepted). For further particu- lars see our advertisement columns. NOTABLE LECTURES.—The two lectures given at the County (Girls') School on Thursday and Friday of last week by Mr. Herbert Garrison, F.R.G.S., will be remembered for many a long day by those who were fortunate enough to have taKeii the opportunity of attending. To begin with the lecturer s eminent in his own branch aud dresses up his subject with a brilliance and charm which immediately holds the audience in breathless interest. His memory of facts is remarkable, and his choice of them is always made in a sound knowledge of their value for the purpose which Ins lecture is intended to serve. His style is faciic, and ills matter brims in drama- tic -interest. "Our volianses'' was the title of his first lecture, and it is not too much to say that the interest of his audience never flagged for a single moment of the lecture. His story of the various con- vulsions and eruptions known to history would be incredible were it not supported and authenticated by scientific authority, and the excellent and quite remarkable series of photographs which, thrown on the screen, accompanied the narrative added much to the vividness of the latter. Mr. Garrison con- cluded his finst lecture by a minute and graphic description of the awful catas- trophe of Mont Pelse in 1902, in which Capt. Freeman figured so superbly, given in suoh dramatic emphasis and realism ais to bring back with stunning force the recollections of that stupendous calaiiiity, and the amazing heroism of Capt. Freeman. On Friday Mr. Garr.son s lecture on the British Empire, a subject which liej invested with extraordinary interest. The story of the growth and extent of the British Empire is truly a wonderful one, but how fascinating and thrilling it is would be forgotten by the inÚabitants of Lho United Kingdom were it not for men like Mr. Garri- son. Miss Holme deserves the gratitude of the town for having at her own wish engaged the lec turer and taken a venture which we s-ncerely hope. especially in view of it.- great educative value, has not caused pecuniary lciss. Mr. Herbert Garrison stated that this and all his lectures on the British Empire and its component parts are under the aus pices of the Royal Colonial Institute of London, an institute of the highest standing, non-sectarian and non-political, which was founded in 1868 and was granted a Royal Charter in 1882. It has its own splendidly equipped building centrally situated m Northumberland-avenue, where there is a l-ibrary of nearly 100.000 volumes and 700 magazines, jouriia s- and reviews from all parte of the British Empire, making the most complete body of literature dealing with our Over-eas Dominions ever brought together. The institute's journal, "United EmpIre," is the foremost monthly Empire publication of the day. It i-s conducted and edited by Mr. Archibald R. Colqu lioun, the well-known author and world wide travel- ler. The institute has nearly 8.000 menibers. His Majesty the King is patron, and H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught is vice-patron; Earl Grey is president, while the vice-presidents and members of the Council comprise a very large number of the most d:stin- guished men both in the Mother Country and the Overseas Dominions.,The institute is the recognised rendezvous for all people who are in any way in. terested or connected with the Empire. It is doing most valuable arid greatly needed work in extending ing a knowledge of our Overseas Dominions and promot ing the consolidation of the Empire. Mr. Garrison is the official lwturer to the institute charged with the duty of spreading information throughout the United Kingdom with regard to the actualities and potentialities of the British Empire, and endeavour ing to enable the general public to realize, at least to some extent, their privi'pges, duties and re- sponsibilities as citizejis of an Empire unique in the world's history. FROZEN TO DEATH.—Mr. and Mrs. George Key, of the Spread Eagle Hotel, Carmarthen, whose son Harry (as already reported in this paper) was found frozen to death near Cobalt, Ontario, where he was engaged in silver mining, have just received further intelligence from Mrs. Cadogan. a distant relation, living at Woodstock, Canada, two or three hundred miles from Cobalt. Mrs. Cadogan has forwarded newspaper cuttings, one of which states that the young man is thought to have been in possession of a considerable sum of money at the time of his death, as he was about to leave the north land for Woodstock, where he intended to spend a week or two before sailing for home." WELSHMAN'S DEATH IN AMERICA.—We regret to announce the death of Mr. Thomas Lloyd, of Tinton Falls, N.J., U.S.A., on the 30th day of January last in the 50th year of his age. The deceased, who was a son of the late Mr. and Mi-s. Wm. Lloyd. Glogue Farm, Liang unnock, was in his youth weil- known in Carmarthen, and his many friends and associates of earlier days will learn with sorrow of his death. He was a man woll l.iked and wide.y known and wi I be greatly miSsed by a very large number of people to whom he was always willing and ready to extend a helping hand. Being a suc- cessful farmer and breeder and having great techm cal and practical knowledge of his vacation, his advice and counsel was sought after and was always cheerfully given. The funeral took place on Sunday, February 2nd, from his late residence to Shrewsbury Presby. terian Church, the interment being at the grave- yard of that church. The Rev. Mr. Parsons, who officiated, spoke in eloquent words of the esteem in which the deceased was held by his fellow-men. The last rites at the grave were attended by the mem- bers of the fraternal order to which he belonged. He was a chartered member of the Loyal Order of Moose, and for a great many years a Freemason. He leaves to mourn his loss a widow and one son as well as many relatives and friends in th:s country and in America.
RE-OPENING OF ST. DAVID'S…
RE-OPENING OF ST. DAVID'S CHURCH, CARMARTHEN. Carmarthen possesses a trinity of landmarks-the old castle in the centre, the tower of St. Peter's Church to the east, and the tower of S. David's Church to the west. These buildings have gone through many changes, and have survived the destructive hand of time. St. David's Church was at one time intended to be the Cathedral Church for the Diocese. When this dream agitated the mind of the great worker and builder, the late Venerable Archdeacon D. A. Williams, St. David's Cathedral was fast falling into decay. St. David's Church, Carmarthen, has passed through many phases. Originally the Church was built with the altar at the north end. The Vener- able Archdeacon Williams added the present stately nave, which was intended to be the nave of what was intended to be the new Cathedral. When the late Dean Allen began the restoration of St. David's Cathedral the Archdeacon had to abandon his project. In 1885, the late Rev. T. H. Walters bui't a chancel, as a memorial to Archdeacon Williams. This chancel was built into the centre of the or- iginal Church, and so cutting off the northern and southern portions of it. The present Vicar, (Rev. Griffith Thomas) has a scheme on foot to restore these portions of the original Church, by having a Lady chapel on the south side, and vestries on the north side. To complete this scheme, a sum of at least £1,\000 will be required. The restoration recently carried out has brought to light the glories of the great nave built by the late Archdeacon Williams. For some unaccountable reason the nave was allowed to get into a rather dilapitated state. The Rev. Griffith Thomas had not been long in the parish ere he made up his mind to start the restoration, which work has been carried out by Messrs. Lloyd Bros., Swansea, and Mr. D. Jon. Carmarthen, and Mr. Dd. Rogers, Carmar- then. The great west window, which has been entirely re-built, is otie of the largest in St. David's diocese, being 31 feet high and 16 feet wide. In order to improVe the acoustic properties, a fine paneled roof, 12 feet lower than the original one, has been con- structed. The greater part of the nave has been concreted and wood-blocked, the whole of the in- terior re-coloured and varnished, the west end pointed, and. for carrying off water, cement gutters have been laid around the building. A new feature, copied by the Vicar from some Lancashire churches, is seen in the richly-designed canopied seats at the west end of the nave. They are intended for the use of the church officers, and command a full view of all the worshippers. The churchyard has been greatly improved by the extension fo the ground to the west, the land having been presented by the Misses Hancocke. A piece of ground, part of a garden at the rear of Picton-terrace, has been given by Mr. Jacob Andrews, so as to enhance the general appearance of the front. The cost of the restora- tion is nearly JB90. All the work has been super- vised by Mr. Ernest Collier, M.S.A. The foundation stone of St. David's Church (which has a very singular architectural history), was, strantre to relate, originally laid on November 27th, 1824, on the site now occupied by Christ Church, the chapel-of-ease, but, owing to difficulties about the land, nothing further was done until 1835. when the foundation stonc, was remold and re-laid on the site of the present St. David's Church, and a new place of worship, with nave, chancel, and tower (a familiar landmark), was built north and south, portions of it now being visible behind the existing chancel. This church was opened for service on January 19th. 1837, but was not conse- crated until February 3rd. 1841. In 1852 Archdeacon Archard Williams, who was then the vicar, built a large and lofty nave at the west end of the original church, with the intention of eventually adding a central tower, transpets, and chancel, which would have extended into the churchyard far beyond the end of the present chancel; in fact, more than doubling the length of the church. The new nave was consecrated in 1855. and from that date until 1884 the church had the formation of a "T." a new nave being attached to the old nave and chancel. In 1884 a new chancel was built in the middle of the old church. the intention be-ing- to pull down thfe remains of the older building. This was. however, never done. The church is a good example of the Gothic ecclesiastical architecture of the 14th century style. It began its existence facing r-outh: it has been turned right round, and now faces east. The efforts of the Vicar have been crowned with much success. The Church was re-opened for public worship on Sunday last, when the services were a testimony to the interest which the parishioners take in their restored Parish Church. On Sunday evening last the Lord Bishop of the Diocese was present at the service and read dedicatory prayers and preached an appropriate sermon in Welsh based upon Hebrews ix., 15. The spacious edifice was crowded to its utmost capacity, and the service was one of the finest Welsh services ever heard in the old town. The clergy and surnliced choir and churchwardens marched in procession through the church to the chancel. The singing of the Welsh hymns was inspiring. The choir, under the able leadership of Mr. T. Llewellyn, sang a very fine anthem composed by Dr. West-lake Morgan. the tenor solo being admirably rendered by Mr. W. D. Jones, and the trio by Miss S. Morris. Miss- E. Goodwin and Mr. W. D. Jones. The service was intoned by the Vicar, and the lessons were read by the Rev. B. Davies. Bishop's chaplain, and the Rev. J. Gwynfe Jone, curate of the parish. The collections amounted to over j313. This is a good sum. as the people have contributed towards the retoration during the last couple of months a sum of about L100. On Monday evening, the Rev. Canon Joseph Lloyd. Llanpumpsnint, the Rural Dean. preached from Neh. ii.. 9. The Rev. Dr. J. Caleb Hughes intoned the service, and the Vicar of Llangain and the Rev. J. Gwvnfe Jones read the lessons. The ant-hen^ "Mor hawddgar yw Dy bebyll Di" (Joseph Parry).* was magnificently rendered by the choir, the duett being sung by Miss E. Goodwin and Mr. W. D. Jones. At the evening service on Wednesday the anthem "Wele mor ddaionus." was ng by the choir, Mr. Ivor Morris taking the bass solo, and the treble duett sang by Masters Jack Morris and Willie Davies. The preacher was the Re*v. Harries Williams Burrv Port, in the unavoidable absence of the Rev. J. D. Lewis, Llanarth. The newly-appointed organist (Mr Ivor Llewellyn) accompanied throughout the services, and his excel- lent playing fully merited his selection.
I LLANDILO. TIME TO WAKE UP IF TRUE. —" Observer writes llS as follows, re Birds Hill and Broad Oak highways: —Sir.—Might I call your attention to the fact that from the top of the hill to a place called Star, on the right hand tide of the above road the hedge hnA been allowed to run to an extent of two or three yards into the road, which make;, the road very nar row; also the ditcheg are level with the road. Tne water runs down through the middle of the road through the ditches and gutters being choked up. There are also two !oads of broken stone deposited on the side of the road since July last, which haóo not yet been made use of. Where is our surveyor I that he should allow such a state of affairs?
KING'S PREMIUM WINNERS.
KING'S PREMIUM WINNERS. RECORD SUCCESS OF CARMARTHENSHIRE HORSES. It is nothing new for Carmarthenshire thorough- bred horses to carry off important King's premiums at the London Show, Islington, for Mr. J. F. Rees, M.R.C.V.S., and Mr. W. Vincent Howe!l Thomas, auctioneer and estate agent, Carmarthen, have for some time past. regularly been awarded such signal honours for their exhibits. But this week they went one better, and registered a record, securing with four horses four King's premiums, and a imper premium. They are to be highly congratulated on their splendid success, and West Wales is particularly fortunate in possessing two gentlemen who take such a keen interest as to go to the great expense of providing the right .stamp of sire to breed the best class of horses. The Premiums were a-s follows;- In the District for North Wales and Cardiganshire, "Neyland" won a King's Premium, as well as a Super-premium of £100. In the South Wales and Monmouthshire Class, "Captain Jack" won the first Premium, and in addition to the above the same owners won two King's Premiums in Scotland under the Scotch Board of Agriculture with the horses Lord of the Valley" and "Spey Royal." This probably constitutes a record in a competi- tion comprising all the best horses in the world.
LOCAL FOOTBALL CELEBRITIES.
LOCAL FOOTBALL CELEBRITIES. MR. T. A. ROBERTS. This week we give a portrait of T. A. Roberts, who plays centre for the Carmarthen 'Quins. He is another old pupil of the Carmarthen Grammar School, is 19 years of age, stands 5ft. Sins., and turns the scale at 11 stone. He is a born athlete, and from his early days has taken a keen interest in sport. At the Grammar School he played centre, and made a name for himself. A splendid kick, he took the school prize for goal kicking at the annual sports, and he has also won several prizes for running and swimming. Cricket, too, claims his attention, and he gives a good all-round display. He has played consistently -for the 'Quins since the formation of the team, and when in form he is a very dangerous centre, being a determined runner, and puts a dash into his play which begets confi- dence. He is resourceful, uses his head to good account, and -is one of the best all-round players in the team. When occasion arises he can play a very good game as full-back.
NEWCASTLE EMLYN COUNTY COUNCIL…
NEWCASTLE EMLYN COUNTY COUNCIL ELECTION. [To the Editor of the CARMARTHEN JOURNAL.] Sir.-Will you please permit me on behalf of this locality (for which Mr. Roy Evans fought so ga- lantly for a seat on the Council to thank him for endeavouring to remove from our midst the stigma of not having anybody worthy of the office in our own neighbourhood. The electorate ought to be ashamed of the position in which the district has been placed for years, and I for one feel proud to know that although Mr. Evans i £ a Churchman and Conservative—which I am not-he would have been by far the better choice of the two, as besides being himself a popular native of the town he has all the qualifications for the appointment by education an business capacity; and in addition to being ad- mittedly a "fighter of fighters" has the advantage of being able to be invariably courteous, if firm, to those who differ from him. The comparison in this respect with his opponent, stands out very promin- ently, and I heartily congratulate him on his fearless fight without help from outsiders, and on the "fear and trembling" he caused in the camp of the foe who only won by the skin of the teeth, and of those of the local preacher, foreign bagmen and Auction- eers who came to h!s rescue not a moment too soon. I am, etc., A LIBERAL TOWNSMAN CILYCWM COUNTY COUNCIL ELECTION. [To the Editor of the CARMARTHEN JOURNAL.] DKAR SIR.—In your "Notes of the Week" in last week's issue, you refer to the candidature of Mr. Campbell Davys, and I quite agree with your re- marks, therein, but it is not correct that I declined to oppose Mr. Cempbell Davys; were it not for the obstinacy of Mr. Dl. Lewis, there would have been no contest in the Division, as Mr. Campbell Davys offered to withdraw in my favour, as the old mem- ber. Providing Mr. Dl. Lewis did likewise, but Mr. Lewis declined. Consequently I withdrew from the contest to avoid a three cornered fight, and also feeling that I had not the same claim to the divis- ion, as in the past, owing to my not now being a resident therein. The Liberals of the district have to thank Mr. Dl. Lewis for the loss of the Liberal, stronghold, by allowing his personal ambition to take precedence over party consideration. I now take the opportunity of publicly thanking Mr. Campbell Davys for his kind offer to retire in my favour.—I am, etc., o ROLAKD WILLIAMS. Bailey, Gwynfe, Llangadock. LATE EISTEDDFODAU. [To the Editor of the CARMARTHEN JOURNAL.] DEAR SIR, Would you kindly permit me through the columns of your paper to protest against the lateness of the hour at which Eisteddfodau and Cymanfa's are closed in this part of the county. There have been one or two held recently and they commenced at six thirty, and were not over until ten thirty. This is not the best way to help our young brothers and sisters to live purer lives. Those of us who have left a tender-hot-house plant out in the night air know it is ruined, and how many human plants have been ruined morally and spiritually by been kept out latte, God only knows. It has caused me a great sorrow to think that nearly all these meetings are held in chapels- or schoolrooms. I do hope and pray that the organizor of these Eisteddfodau will do all in their power to close them at a much earlier hour. For I believe this will greatly help to make our country purer and cleaner. At present the moral tone of our country is not what it should be in religious Wales. Thanking you for your kindness in inserting this letter. Llandilo. A SOCIAL REFORMER.
LAMPETER. SATISFACTORY MEDICAL STATISTICS.—In his annual report, the medical officer of health (Dr. E. Cltiiiegla, Davies-) state-5 that during the year there were 29 deaths in the borough. The births numbered 30, k giving a birth-rate of 16.37 per thousand. The in- fantile mortality for the same year is 33.3. The rate obtained is considered a valuable indication of the healthfulness -of a locality. Taking the average of the last six year- the infantile mortality of Lam peter is 92.15. which compares favourably with the average of 145 for England and Wales, and demon- strates that the town has a claim to be considered one of the healthiest. I have lately had the opportunity given me of looking up some old Lampeter Local Board Returns, and for comparison I took the six years immediately preceding the introduction of the water scheme 29 years ago. The average infantile mortality for these six years, reached the terrible figure of 230 per thousand. The water supply, which figure of 230 per thousand. The water supply, which is continuous, amounts to 35 gallons per head. Chemically the water has all the characteristics of & soft, peaty water aimot as pure as rain water. The How is at present, however, .mpeded by a constricted servue pipe, rLH lault, together with the rather limited storage at Llie reservoir, is now bejng reme- d.ed by the I ounci.. LH registered cowsheds and dames wi-io inspected during the year, and were nearly all found we 1 ou;lt and in good order. During; the year 6 ca-s-ee of scanet fever occurred, and one of uipuUiena. 1. 0 cases of tuberculosis were noti- fied during the year. Though we found no over, crow ding hi tiie houses we iispected. some cottages, such as tho-e in Barley-mow, are very unsanitary. Carefully-built cottages are much required. For the sake of illustration, 1 may mention the twelve cottage b"Jt a few years ago in New-street, which fulfil many illdicatiofu, of what hygienic houses tihould be. Fifteen or twenty cottages of a somewhat cheaper ty^e than these wou.d prove a great boon to the iown. 1 OWN COLCIL.-TllL' monthly meeting of the abn\ e Council w as held on Thursday. Present: Mr. Josiaii Jenkins (mayor). Messrs. D. F. Lloyd, Chaa. Evans, J. S. Jones, oJ. C. Jones, J. Evans, Walter Dawes, E. Davies Evan Evans Wm. Davies, D. Jones, D. Thomas. D. Davies, A. W. Jones Lewis Jones, Dr. Davies (medical officer of health), J. Ernest Lloyd (clerk) E. W. Rees (assistant clerk), and R. W. Ashman (iii,-pector).-The Inspector (Mr. Ash man) reported that no infectious disease had been notified for the last three month:s.-A letter was read from the County Council office f.tating that they had resolved to increase the grant to the Town Coun- cil for the maintenance of the main roads from jEHO to £ 150. The Mayor was appointed a delegate to join tne County Council in approaching the G.W.R. Co. with a view to obtaining a better train service for the district. A letter was read from Mr. Drum- mond promising to carry out the necessary repairs at Victoria-terrace at an early date.—Alderman Lewis Jones (chairman of the Public Lights and Streets Committee) referred to the illness of Mr. Daniel Jones, scavenger, who had been a faithful servant of the Council for 25 years. He proposed a vote of sympathy with him in his illness and wishing m a speedy recovery.us was carried, all stan<f- v inS- A resolution was submitted from the Public Light and Streets Committee that the Council should make a charge of 6d. per lineal yard by way of re- compense, in cases where the roads were cut up by the public for the purpose of getting at the water or gas mains. The question arose as to whether the Gas Co. would be obliged to pay as the company were empowered under Act of Parliament to do so. The Clerk was asked to look up the law on the ques- tion.—On the motion of Mr. Walter Davies power was given to the Streets Committee to deal finally with the delivery of stones for road metalling. Mr. Walter Davies commenting upon the medical officer of health's report with regard to the satisfactory state of the water supply, the town ought to be proud of its water. This fact ought to be well advertised, as there was nothing like pure water to attract visitors to the place.—Mr. Dd. Davies en quired whether a certain party had paid in full his market dues to the Council collector. Mr. Ashman replied that a bazaar had paid him 10s., but refused to pay any more. It was decided that the Town Clerk should write to the man. BOARD OF G U-A.RD IANS. -Held on Friday last. Present: Mr. E. M. Evans (chairman), Rev. T. C. Edmunds, Trefilan; Rev. R. C. Jones, Lampetr; Messrs. Evan Davies, Bryngeier; Tom Davies, Pistilleinon; T. M. Griffiths, Blaencwm. T. G. Williams, Gwarnant; J. Robert Jones, dwvn groes; J. G. Marsden, Silian; M. L. W. Lloyd Price, Bryncothi; Rees Ll. Evans, Gelli House; Dd. Lloyd, Brithdir; D. Williams, Maeooanol, and B. T. Lewis. Talfedw; and Mr. J. Ernest Lloyd (clerk). Outrelief, &c„ — ihe amount of outreUef adminis- tered during the fortnight was as follows: -Lam peter district, per Mr. T. Ll. Evans, JE46 2s. lOd. to 141 paupers. Llanybyther district, per Mr. David Evans, JB37 163. 7d. to 82 paupers. Number in the house, 24 corresponding week last year, 25. Vag rants re!ieved during the fortnight. 49: correspond- ing- fortnight last year, 75. Pension.—The Clerk submitted a statement showing what the salary and emoluments of the former medi- cal officer (Dr. Evans) were, and the amount to which he was entitled to as pension. The latter sum the Clerk madp nut to hø -P9R Ss LAMPETER RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL.—A meeting of the Council was held on the same day. Mr. Tom Davies presiding.—A letter was read from the parish meeting of Bettws-Bledrws agreeing to the term", of the Council for taking over this road.- The parish council of Llangybi applied to have the road from Penybank to Blaenwera in that parish taken over. The question was adjourned to the next meeting.-A letter was read from the County Coun- cil suggesting that Rural District Councils should group themselves together for the purpose of pur- chasing a steam disinfector. This matter was ad journed.
ABERGWILI DEATH OF MRS. GRIFFITHS.—It is with profound regret we have this week to chronicle the death of Mrs. Mary Griffiths, Glyninyrddin, Abergwili, who passed peacefully away at her residence on Tuesday last at the advanced age of 72 years. A daughter of the late Mr. David Thomas. Treforria-fawr, and great of the late Mr. William Williams, M.P. for Coventry and Lambeth, she married Mr. F. W. Griffiths, of Llwynpiod, Abergwili, where they re- sided for many years, but only a brief while after the death of her husband, who died some nine years ago. The deceased was held in the highest esteem wherever known, and had a very large circle of friends and acquaintances, who mourn the loss of a cheery companion, and excei'ent friend. She was of an amiable disposition, generous, and kind hearted. The poor found in her a friend in need, but her charity was distributed in an unostentatious fashion. she being a firm believer in never letting her left hand know what her right hand did. She was a fine Christian character, and lited up to what she preached, set a fine example of a devout life. The deepest sympathy is extended to the family an their deep bereavement, two sons (Mr. W. Griffiths. Glyn- inyrddin, and Mr. Walter Griffiths. NantmeiHionwg) three daughters Mrs. Griffiths, Mrs. Harries, Pil roth, and Mrs. Richards, Red Court) to mourn the loss of a loving mother. The funeral takes pJa'C'e to-morrow (Saturday) at Abergwili Parish Church.
NEW QUAY SINGING FESU:VAL.—On Friday last the Congrega- tional Churches of New Quay, Maenygroes. Wern, Penycae, Nanternis, and Brynrhiwgaled, held their annual Singing Festival at New Quay, under the conductorship of Mr. Caradog Roberts, Mus. Doc. The following were the presidents at the different meetings:—Morning, Capt. James, Omia Villa; afternoon, Rev. W. Griffiths, Maenygroes; evening, Rev. E. An/an Jones, B.A. Catechiser, Rev. Ton- las Hughes, Wern. The accompanists were Mr. E. Oswald Davies, Miss P. Rees, R.A.M., and Miss S. A. Thomas, R.A.M. Addresses were delivered by Mr. D. Thomas, Bwlchcefn, and Mr. James E. Jone.i Caerwedros. The weather proving very favourable. the attendance was very large, and the singing of an exceedingly high standard. BIBLE SOOIETY.-The Rev. Mr. Davies of Swansea visited New Quay last Sunday on behalf of the British and Foreign Bible Society, and delivered a stirring address on tftie work done by the Society. Mr. Thomas, Brynarfor, the local secretary, said that the collections had been decreasing during the last few years, some churches not even making any contribution. He trusted that they would hence forth make an attempt no regain their former standard.
LLANDOVERY. LAND OF THE KELT AND THE HEATHER.—The above was the title of a very interesting lecture illustrated by magic lantern views delivered at the Salem Vestry under the auspices of the Memorial Guild by Mr. vV. Stuart -Scott. The chairman was Councillor T. Phillips, Picton Court. There was an exoellent attendance, and during the evening some solos were very sweetly rendered by Mrs. Stuart Scott.
:JStrtbs- Marrtagcs-IDeatbs. MARRIAGES. GARDNER—EVANS.—February 27th, at St. Mary's Church, Crumpsall, Manchester, by the Rev. J. Lightfoot, M.A., rector, Walen. elder son of Mr. and Mrs. Gardner, of Mi!l Hey, Poulton. le Fylde, to Gwenyth Gwyn, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. T. Evans. of Crumpsall, Man- chester, and grand-daughter of the late Mr. Lewis Evans, of Pantycendy, and of the late Mr. W. E. B. Gwyn. J.P., of PIas Cwrt Hir, Carmarthen- shire. LLO\ D PARISH.—At St. George's Church. Kingston. Jamaica, T. J. Lloyd, eldest son of Dr. Morgan Lloyd, Llanarthney ,to Edith Parish, daughter of Councillor James Parish, Norwioh, Norfolk. DEATHS. GRIFFITHS.-March 11th, at Glynmyrddin. Aber- gwili, Mrs. Mary Griffiths, aged 72 years LANGDON.—March 6th. at The Brill. Laugharne, Mary, the wife of Mr. William Langdon. THOMAS.-March 6th, at Trecor Farm, Ferryside. Mr. William Thomas, aged 82 years. THOMAS. March 11th, at Trecor Farm, Ferryside, Mrs. William Thomas, aged o5 years.
IS THE NAVY ALL RIGHT?
cruiser*, all of which were sent to 8ea in a danger- ously unseaworthy condition, are quoted as examples of the working of the new system; the abandonment of the Mediterranean which has brought forth theremarf from Germany that Great Britain has been driven out of the Medi- terranean without a shot"; Mr. CHURCHILL'S futile attempts to better the pay and condition of the men, and the ridicule it has brought upon him from the men themselves. But gravest of all is the statement that under Mr. CHURCHILL'S new system "if by any chance war were to break out, the whole system would break down inside & week," and the summary of the present strength of our Navy. viz.: So far as battleships are concerned it comes to this: A margin of superiority over one naval Power alone can only be maintained by the abandonment of the Mediterranean, the main road to Egypt and to India, and the route of £350,000,000 worth of trade." The article in question should be read in conjunction with otfhers in the review, viz.: Russia aand the European Situation and Why France Lost in 1870, both of which are of extreme interest to serious students of the present situation in Europe. It is a study which in certain types of Welshmen and Englishmen arouses a sense of humour, but these are the men who will be miss- ilHt when there is trouble in the wind.