Farmers!! GIVE LESS CAKES AND MORE Molassine Meal Which oosts pounds per ton less money and gives FAR BETTER RESULTS. IT IS AN INVALUABLE FOOD FOR | HORSES, CATTLE, SHEEP & PIGS. H MOLASSINE | DOG AND PUPPY CAKES I Hound, Terrier & Puppy Foods. 1 Are suitable for all kinds of Dcgs and Puppies. H They aid digestion, keep Dogs' skins B and coats in fine condition, eradicate I internal worms and Parasite-, and H H prevent the Dogs smelling. H I Sold by Corn Merchants, Grocers and ■ The Molassina Company, Ltd., Greenwich.
PRACTICAL FARMING (BY A TENANT FARMER). RECENTLY WEANED FOALS. No foal knows its own dad and once they are weaned and removed from their mother they may well be regarded as orphans and treated with the amount of kindness usually conveyed to those recent- ly placed in that bereaved position, The foals will most assuredly not object to this and it will pay their owners. Foals being reared for some superior purpose are often suckled till mid-winter or longer. Old and other mares set apart for breeding only are usually allowed to retain their foal till a month cr two previous to the next arrival and in both cases they are well set up and agoing, but very many in. deed the majority of foals are produced by mares that have to work for their living, and their foals are weaned mainly in October and November. Climatically it is rather a trying time as neither the temperature or pasture afford them much com- fort, and deficiences must be compensated for by other means. I am in no way in favour of stabling recently weaned foals at this time. It is an increase of labour that is not called for, but I do approve c all having a shelter to make use of when so disposed. I would insist on this and they will P*° y They will often shelter from the ram and wind and white frost too, which are so chilling. Of late all foals have put on great coats and are in a measure self protected Indeed so much so that if given no artificial shelter they would experience very little discomfort, but protection has its benefits. Good and consistent feeding however is the most main- taining, and should be both insisted on and persis- ed in without exception. A foal whatever the stamp or breed that is reared on grass and fodder only will be a weakly subject, while the well fed in their young days are rarely failures, and indeed conspicu- ous successes. These are the stamp to go for and securing them is neither expensive or difficult. Good clover hay is the best of all fedders for foals. It suits them beter than the best meadow hay. Lu- cerne hay is also charming for them. Indeed those rearing foals who have none of this would find it pay them well to buy a quantity of Lucerne hay for the youngsters. They like it, and it is a builder up of horses. Straw of any sort no matter how sweet is poor food for foals. Crushed oats are superb for them and Molassine MeaLgives them gloss and con- dition that is truly gratifying to foal and owner. As a. foal food this meal is beyond all Pjajse- A" allowance of 3 lbs of Molassine Meal and 2 lbs of crushed oats with an occasional pint of crushed old beans are unique rations for foal rearing and whether the numbers be one or a score it will P^y all to secure these foods for them Ihe small holder^ who only rears a single foal may by following the manner of ffeeding I hear suggest readily grow young horses that are in every particular as meritorious and valu- able as those of the largest breeders and expeits. INSTRUCTIVE CROP RETURNS. The returns recently issued by the Board of Agri- culture showing the crop yields of 1910 are mteiest- in- reading- The wheat yields of Great Britain were SL25 bushels per acre in 1910, 33-69 in 1909, and a 31.55 in a ten year average. Barley 33. 67 36 61, and 33.34, while oats show 41.00, 41.26, and 39.90. Last year these crops were all above the ten year average. but this year they are less. Beans show a con- spicuous rise. This is puzzling. They have a fall- in tr away of 43.828 acres and at harvest time the cropS were looked on as light, but fortunately this r 1 „ TTnrrliTirl this vear the yield is u bushels Sto 28.42^ in 1909. In Wales 28.74 to 26 91 S'ln Gotland 39-14 to than Ihe meadow or permanent grass hajs. lliese were 22 75 in 1909, and 25.07 now with a ten years average'of 27.87. The estimated ylf'lc ia "09 up thus, wheat 2^ bushels per acre less than 11™ Barley is slightly above an average yield in Great Britain, with a deficiency of one bushel per acre in Scotland, and is less then in 1909 by three bushels per acre. Oats are the most satisfactory of the corn crops with a yield per acre of over one bushel above the average. "Beans are well above the average and still more above the previous years returns Ihe hay crops are above the average by nearly 2 cwts. per acre in the case of clovers, &c., and 1, cwt. in others. Altogether over 9* million tons of hay were grown this year as compared with less than 82 million tons in 1909. PROGRESS OF PORKERS. "Berks" has a score of pigs he is feeding up as porkers in hopes of their being ready to market by December 20th He reared them off two sows and they are now 110 days old, and their probable weights yi ir p are interesting others besides the owner, some pre- dicting that they will not reach 100 lbs, when sold at the time specified. I have no idea of their pres- ent condition, but unless porkers run up near and average about 1 lb per day for each day of. their existence their progress has not been at maximum Tat6ROCK SALT FOR STOCK IN WINTER. Rock salt is not sufficiently used on the farm. All the best feeders know of its virtues and make use of it constantly, but many others give no heed to it. On no account should it be given to pigs, bUT a lump should be put in every trough and manger where every other kind of stock are fed It is botli a tonic and a parasiticide. There is nothing they enjoy licking more and apparently they understand its value more than those who would withhold it from them. BURNING RUBBISH. I am a great believer on burnig rubbish on the farm. This includes weeds, hedge trimmings, and Vefuse of all kinds. It is a sure way of destroying all objectional existences, and it is an easy and effective manner ot checking the reintroduction of tenacious subjects in weed and insect form which contrive to exist in the refuse heaps and are redistributed when the material is again put on the land as a dresing. Very few ever benefit very much by having a big rubb-sh heap. It is a kind "of plague shot, but consuming all refuse by fire is a healthy clearance. Heaps of material consisting of weeds, half decayed bits of woods, &c., never rot down into a fertilising state. As a rule their position is indicated by a great crop of weeds on the surface but burn all when new and fresh and benefits will be experienced that all will appreciate. Autumn fires should now be kept going. FEEDING TROUGHS IN THE FIELD. During the winter a good deal of trough feeding goes on in the fields where sheep, store cattle, and young horses have to be provided with food in ad- dition to what they can pick up from the land. Trough feeding always implies additional manure and as it frequently includes richfoods the presence o the troughs may be looked on as land. improvers. This is not all unapt term, as many an extremely luxuriant spot on the fields is pointed to as being where the feeding troughs stood last winter. They leave good marks behind them, but it would be better for fields and farmers were they made dis- tributed. I never like to see the troughs left, so long in the one spot +'*at the gross is worn on. by treading and the sir ace clothed in dung. Ihis shows, that those in charge of the feeding have been lazy in not moving the troughs more frequently to equalise matters and the very best way of all is to insist on all troughs being moved on to a fresh position every day. If this is done systematically acres will be benfitated by regular dunging, and this is for more satisfaction in results than the over doing it on one part and skipping others. The attendant of the stock who Inoves his troughs a wee bit every day without being reminded is a valuable farmers man. Readers requiring advice or information by post must address their communications to Farmer c/o The Editor, and in all cases enclose stamped directed envelope.
ORIENTAL TONIC ROYA HON ALCOHOLIC. m 53aj*« IN THE EMPIRE. UNDER THE FLAB. Whole Counties Given Away. HOMESTEADS OF 160 ACRES EACH GIVEN FREE BY CANADA (BRITAIN'S NEAREST OVERSEAS DOMINION) DURING EIGHT MONTHS EQUAL IN AREA NINB BRITISH COUNTIES. 20TH CENTURY IS CANADA'S YOUR CHANCE OF A HOME AND A COMPETENCE. Place Yourself and Your Money There. WORK FOR ALL FARM LABOURERS AND DOMESTIC SERVANTS. For free maps, pamphlets and full particulars, apply to Mr. A. McOWAN,Canadian Government Emigration Agent, 81 Queen Street, Exeter; or to Mr. J. OBED SMITH, Assistant Superintendent of Canadian Emigration, 11 and 12 Charing Cross, London, S.W.
MARKETS CATTLE. NEWPORT, Wed., Nov. 23.—In consequence of Viscount Tredegar's Cattle Show here to-day, there was practically no market. LLANDILO, Wed., Nov. 23.-There was a good attendance and a large supply at the Llandilo Fair. Business was not brisk. Yearlings sold at from j34 10s. to J69, two-year-olds from JB9 to Lll, and cows and calves at from £ 12 to JS18, according to quality. Fat cattle were scarce, but these sold at from JB11 10s to L15. LEICESTER, Sat., Nov. 26.-The consignments of store stock were large, and the animals showed good condition. Trade was active at firm rates. Choice milch cows quoted L24 to J325 per head; good lots, E21 to B23; and medium, JB19 to JB20 calving heifers, JE17 to £ 19; Lincoln red bullocks, JB12 to JE13 10s; Shorthorns, L13 10s to £ 15; Irish polled Angus, £ 12 to £ 14; Welsh cattle, £10 to JB14 10s; and calves, 20s to 40s per head. GRAIN. NEWPORT, Wed., Nov. 23.-The Tredegar Show limited operations on 'Change to-day, but generally prices were firm, and in the cases of maize and barley 6d and 3d dearer respectively. CHEESE. NEWPORT, Wed., Nov. 23.—With a falling off in the supply and the continuance of a good de- mand, prices show an increase to-day. Quotations:— Caerphillys 54s to 60s per cwt, fancy dairies 63s to 6, Derbys 66s to 68s, truckles 63s to 70s, and Cheddars 63s to 65s. BUTTER. CORK, Wed., Nov. 23.—Firsts 92s, seconds 88s, thirds 87s, superfine 95s, choicest boxes 95s, fresh from 92s to 88s per cwt. PROVISIONS. WHITLAND, Fri., Nov. 25.-There was a fair attendance and supply. Butter in casks Is to Is Od, whilst pound rolls varied from Is Id to Is ld; eggs 10 for Is 2d, live fowls 4s to 48 3d per couple, dressed poultry 9d to 9d per lb, ducks &d to 83d; 2 rabbits 7d to 7d each; beef 8d to 9d per lb, mutton 9d to lOd, pork 6d to 7d. NEWCASTLE-EMLYN, Fri., Nov. 25. There was a fair attendance at Newcastle-Emlyn weekly market to-day. Prices for butter were the same as last week, viz., Is per lb in unsalted lumps, ilid to Is in casks salted, and Is to Is 2d in pound rolls (very scarce). Young poultry advanced from 5d per Ib last week to 5d per lb to-day, or from 3s to 5s per couple; old poultry in fair supply from 2s 3d to 3s 6d per couple; ducks in great demand at 6d per lb alive, or from 4s to 5s 6d per couple. Egs very scarce and dear at 15s per 120. Dead porkers (few) from 9s 6d to 10s per score, heavy porkers 7s per score, small porkers 7s 6d; weaners were very numerous, but a poor demand, good suckers made from 15s to 17s each. Sheep plentiful at 2d per lb alive. Lambs very slow at from 3id to 3gd per lb alive.. Calves scarce at 4d per lb. Young fat cattle scarce and dear from 6bd to 6d per lb. CARMARTHEN, Sah., Nov. 26.—Quotations:— Butter—cask Is 2d, fresh Is 2d to Is 3d per lb; dressed poultry—fowls 4s to 5s 6d per couple, ducks 3s to 4s each, geese 5s 6d to 8s 6d each, turkeys Is per lb; eggs, seven for Is; cheese, 36s per cwt. LLANDILO, Sat., Nov. 26.-The market to-day was a very small one, being considerably below the average in attendance. There was, however, an abundant supply of fresh butter, and a large quan- tity was taken back unsold. Eggs continue very scarce. Quotations :-Fresh butter Is Id to Is 2d, tub ditto Is Id per lb; eggs, 2d each and 7 for Is; cheese—Welsh 6d, cream and Caerphilly 8d and 2 9d per lb; honey. Is 2d per lb; poultry—turkeys alive 8s and 8s 6d. geese alive 5s to 6s each, ditto trussed 10d and lid per lb, ducks alive 2s 9d and 3s each, ditto trussed 10id per lb; fowls alive 4s 6d to 5s a couple, ditto trussed lOd per lb. LLANDYSSUL. Tues., Nov. 29th.- Prices showed rather a lower tendency for cattle and pigs with but very little business doing. Porkers and fat baconers dropped to 7s. 3d. per score, with every prospect of a still further drop. Dead pigs also showed a corresponding fall, and can this week be bougt at 9s 3d per score. Fat cattle and sheep show but little change, eifers and bullocks 27s to 30s. per cwt: fat cows up to 26s per cwt; calves 35 to 4d per lb: lambs 3g to 35, yearling sheep d, old sheep 2g to 3d: sucklings up to about ten weeki old selling at from 14s to 16s apiece, and strong weaners of from thirteen to fourteen weeks changing hands at from 19s to 21s. Of poultry there was a good supply, and young fowls sold at 5 and 6d per lb. and from 3s to 4s 6d per couple according to weight.
rIlEy If VV WHMomasmi I W trUT nousamosof riHFiT £ sr,MO"ms tjt iTOOTHrACHf tHL AND 0 IS infek. NEURALGIA i IHHBL A 37VACS. MAfWfAcro*r, POWDERS Promptly arrests QUINSY AND COLDS. As a Safe, Permanent, and Warranted Cure for Pimples, Scrofula. Scurvy. Bad Legs. Skin and Blood Disease and Sores of all kinds, we can. with confidence, recommend CLARKE'S WORLD. FAMED BLOOD MlXTURJi. Uf Chemists ev'Sty- where.
DREFACH, VELINORE DIXXER.—On Thursday last week, Mr J. Franks, superintendent of the Certified Industrial Schools, Park-row, Bristol, attended at the Red Lion Hotel. Drefach, and gave a dinner to the bovs from the above school in the locality. A Capital spread was provided by the host and hostess, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Thomas. Mr. Franks and the boys expressed themselves as very satisfied with the excellent pre- parations and arrangements in every way. Such a departure goes much to make these boys moxe at home in the district than ever. SHOOTING MATGH.—On Friday evening a meeting was held under the chairmanship of Mr. Dd. Lewis, Gilfach, to make arrangements for a clay-pigeon shooting match on Boxing Day—Tuesday, December 27th-at the Red Lion field. In the open class good prizes are offered, including a silver cup. Mr. Sam Davies, Pentrecourt., was appointed secretary, and Mr. J. R. Thomas, Red Lion, treasurer.
J—————— HYARCHER GOLDENRETURHS W d FtECISTERED jpja ■ 1 ■ Foe-simile of One-Ounce Racket. Archer's Golden Returns The Perfection of Pipe ToDjlCCO. COOL, SWMT AXD FIIACRAHT.
THE WELSH CHURCH COMMISSION AND WELSH DISENDOWMENT Speaking at a meeting of the Central Church Committee for Defence and Instruction held at Exeter on Friday November 25th, the Bishop of Exeter said:—The press summaries of the Report and Memoranda of the Welsh Church Commission presented to Parliament a week ago justify our protest against the Welsh Disendowment Bill which Mr. Asquith introduced into Parliament last year. To appoint a Royal Commission to inquire into the origin, nature, amount and application of the en- dowments of the Church in Wales four years ago, and to ask Parliament to deprive the Church in Wales of the bulk of its endowments a year and a half before that Commission reported, was not in accord with British common sense or justice. Sen- tence first and trial afterwards, as your Bishop said, is the justice of "Wonderland" not of Eng- land. Why did the Government in view of its para- doxical procedure ever appoint the Welsh Church Commission at all? As the Commission is known to is have been appointed at the instance of Mr. Lloyd George, his words at Cardiff on October the 11th, 1906, are illuminating. In justifying the appoint- ment of the Commission, he said to a Welsh Na- tional Liberal Convention:— "There has never been a great question settled in this country but what they had had an official inquiry into the statements made with regard to it. They could always point to reports of Royal I Commissions and official statistics upon every de- bateable question except this. On the Irish Church question there w7ere several Commissions, which reported upon the facts which bore upon that great controversy. Then they would have something to refer to. The evidence and facts collected and sifted carefully by the Royal Commission, they might depend upon it, would be accepted by English public opinion as more or less settling the "dispute." It would have been too barefaced a scandal to deprive the Church in Wales of its endowments, merely because a majority of Welsh electors were attracted by the miscellaneous items contained in the large programme of the Government, and there- fore a Royal Commission, with a learned and dis- tinguished judge in the chair, was appointed in the hope that its Report might furnish materials out of which a respectable case might be con- structed for Welsh Disendowment before the bar of English publio opinion. As the evidence given before the Commission in- dicate that the hopes of the Government were likely to be disappointed Mr. Asquith did not think it worth while last year to stand on any ceremony, and he introduced his Bill without waiting for the Commission's Report. His drastic provisions for Disendowment aroused no enthusiasm either in Wales or in England, and it was thought expedient to drop the Bill before the second reading. There will be still less enthusiasm in favour of his Bill in the future among fair-minded and honest men when they come to know the facts and figures given in evidence before the Welsh Church Commission. To secularise religious endowments with a title of long prescription behind them is a violent proceeding which, unless it could be justified by clear and cogent reasons, would undermine the security of all formt of trust property and of private property as well. Nobody pretended that the secular objects scheduled in Mr. Asquith's Welsh Disendowment Bill would have been more conducive to the welfare of the people than the cause of religion. The Bill was framed not to find money for these secular objects, but simply to take away money from the Church. Church property is a form of trust pro- perty, and before fair-minded men can bring them- selves to vote for alienating religious endowments to secular objects, they will want to know what. is there in the amount, or the origin, or the applica- tion of those endowments to justify such a violent act of spoliation? These are the three questions to which we shall look for an answer in the Report and Memoranda of the Welsh Church Commission and the evidence given before it. Let me take these questions in order. 1-AMOUNT OF ENDOWMENTS. In the first place, is the amount of the endow- ments of the Church in Wales excessive? We now know from the evidence given before the Commis- sion and the Reports of Queen Anne's Bounty and the Ecclesiastical Commissioners that the total net income of the Church in Wales at the end of 1909 was 9268,550 a year, being £29,760 a year for diocesan organisation and £ 238,790 for the mainten- ance of 1,537 parochial clergy. Mr. Asquith's Bill would have taken all this endowed income away except E19,555 a year, which happens to be derived from what even Disestablishers have to acknowledge to be voluntary contributions within their own nar- row and arbitrary sense of the term. It is impossible to justify such a drastic proposal on the ground of any excessive amount of Church endowments in Wales. Take the diocese of St. David's for example. At the present time the net endowed income of the diocese comes in round numbers to 294,000. Mr. Asquith proposed to take away L87,500 and to leave the diocese only £ 6,500. It was given in evidence before the Commission that in 1906 the net income of more than one-half of the incumbents in the Diocese of St. David's was under £ 200 a year, while the net income of more than one quarter of the incumbents was under £ 150 a year. It was also given in evidence that in order to secure for the parochial clergy even this modest endowed income, no less a sum than £141,000 had been raised in the diocese by voluntary contribu- tions during the previous 21 years. When laymen of all classes show in this way by their voluntary contributions the reality of their sense of the inade- c quacy of Church endowments in the diocese, it is monstrous for Mr. Asquith to bring forward a Bill to take away at one stroke L87,500 out of E94,000 a year belonging to the Diocese of St. David's, and I am here to-day to a..«k you to protest with me against such a Bill. What Mr. Asquith has done is to single out cvnicall" the four poorest dioceses of the Church of England for disendowment and the four oldest diocese for disestablishment. 2.-ORIGIN OF ENDOWMENTS. Let me pass next to the second question. Is there anything in the, Report of the Welsh Church Commission or in the evidence given before it as to the origin of Church endowments in Wales to justify separate Welsh Disendowment? Not a single I j suggestion of any kind was made before the Com- mission of any difference at all in origin between Church endowments in Wales and Church endow- ments in England. What is shewn in the evidence given before the Commission and in the subsequent reports of Queen Anne's Bounty and the Ecclesiasti- cal Commissioners is that out of the endowed in- come of the Church in Wales at the end of 1909 < £ 110,760 is derived from tithes, 236,854 from land, £ 121,936 from other other sources, and that more than half the amount of existing parochial endow- ments has been added since 1703. The Home Secretary received the; Report of the Welsh Church Commission on November 1st, but lie oould not have read it when lie wrote on November 14th to his supporters in Dundee that the Church in Wales was a Church, "to which the great majority of Welshmen do not adhere but to which they are all made to pay." Had Mr. Winston Churchill read the Report of the Welsh Church Commission on which his friends were in a I majority, he would not have said such a rash thing, for lie would have seen that the Commission had reported, that they thought that it was not their duty to attempt to perform the almost impossible and very controversial task of ascertaining the historic legal origin of Church property which in- cluded property of such ancient origin as glebe lands and tithes. At the end of three days. Mr. Churchill found it expedient to explain away his first absurd assertion, and to substitute for it a second assertion that 'the monies are drawn from the natural resources of Wales.' Had he read, as" he ought to have read. since he had it before him, the Memorandum signed by Archdeacon Evans and Lord Hugh Cecil, he would have seen that his second assertion was only less absurd than his first, since at least £ 76,276 a year of the endowed income of the Church in Wales is derived not from the natural resources of Wales at all but from the natural resources of England. Mr. Asquith is a more prudent man than Mr. Winston Churchill, and when his first Welsh Dis- endowment Bill was in Committee in the House of Commons in 1895, he declined Sir John Gorst's amendment to leave the Church in Wales in posses- sion of all endowments which a Court of Law would declare to be private benafactions, since, as he frankly admitted, it would not have open to a Court of Law to take the view that tithes were, on account of their voluntary origin, private benefac- I tions. In face of Mr. Asouith's notable admission and of the Report of the Welsh Church Commission there is nothing in the origin of Church endow- ments in Wales to constitute a case for Welsh Dis- endowment. ?.—APPLICATION OF ENDOWMENTS. The remaining question is whether in the light of what is said in the Report and Memoranda of the Welsh Church Commission, and the evidence given before it, the Church in Wales makes right applica- tion of its endowments. The- figures given in evi- dence show that the Welsh dioceses stand a little above the average level of the 37 dioceses of the Church in England and Wales together, in respect of the percentage to the total population of Church accommodation. Easter communicants. Sunday scholars, and Confirmation. in the year 1905-6. The evidence shows that in all these respects there has been steady and solid progress in the Welsh dioceses during the last eighty* yea^s, and especially during the last thirty years. Let me illustrate this pro- gress by a few figures. The sum of £ 3.332,385 was expended out of volun- tary contributions upon the restoration and exten- sion of ancient churches, and the building of new churches, between 1840 and 1906, and the annual rate of the voluntary contributions for these objects was on the average more than twice as great be- tween 1892 and 1906 as it was between 1840 and 1875. The number of Easter communicants in the Dio- cese of St. Asaph in 1906 was more than three times the corresponding number in 1871, and during the same period the number of Sunday School scholars and teachers in that diocese had been more than doubled* In the diocese of Bangor and Llandaff the figures likewise show solid progress. In the Diocese of St. David's the total population between 1881 and 1901 showed an increase of 27,698, while between the years 1880 and 1906 there was an increase of 33,602 in the number of communicants, and of 19,084 in the number of Sunday scholars. In the rural parishes of the diocese the population declined during the period mentioned by 31,540, but the number of communicants increased by 10,781 and the number of Sunday scholars by 3,781. After making all necessary allowance for incompleteness in the earlier figures which were returned to my predecessor at his Visitation in 1880, it is beyond dispute that in the diocese of St. David's, or in the other three dioceses, the progress of the Church has been steady and solid, and that this progress has not ben the least noteworthy in rural parishes. A comparison between the official figures given in evidence for 1831 and 1906 shews that in the Church in Wales during those 75 years the churches and mission rooms increased in number from 1040 to 1867, parsonage houses from 370 to 820, resident parochial clergy from 727 to 1537, Sunday services from 1348 to 3729, and in each case, except in the case of the number of churches and mision rooms, the increase was far in excess of the increase in population during that period. The amount of voluntary contributions in the Welsh Diocese has increased from an annual average of £ 240,810 for the three years 1890-2 to an annual average of £ 304,588 for the three years 1903-5, being £ 296,412 for the Commission year (1905-6) and £27,862 in excess of the total net endowed income of the Church in Wales at the end of 1909. The enquiry of the Welsh Church Commission shows that Mr. Asquith was right in saving, when he introduced his Disendowment Bill to Parliament last year, "everybody knows that during the last 70 years, at any rate, in the Church of England in Wales, there has opened a new chapter, a new beneficient and fruitful chapter in the history.' It is no part of the case for the defence of the Church in Wales to minimise the great work done by Nonconformists for religion in Wales, but when Nonconformist statistics are used as an argument for secularising Church endowments in Wales the argument has to be met. The Nonconformist statistics on which Mr. Asquith particularly relied last year were the figures for Nonconformist sit- tings. The figures given before the Commission show that these Nonconformist sittings are cer- tainly more than twice the largest number of per- sons who can possibly occupy them on any ordinary Sunday evening throughout Wales. I am not con- cerned to discuss the explanations given by Non- conformist witnesses of this overbuilding. All I am concerned to point out is that when this number of empty sittings is urged asan argument for secular- ising Church endowments it is just as sensible an argument as Mr. Frank Morgan, Keble College, pointed out, as if the First Lord of the Admiralty were to argue that the manning of the Navy was sufficient by saying what an enormous number of hammocks there were in the Admiralty stores. Tlje position we take up is that if the Church is to be disendowed oh the ground of statistics we have a right to demand in England and Wales as in Ire- land, the impartial test of a Parliamentary Religous Census, which the Royal Statistical Society recom- mended this year for reasons outside controversy. Holding this view the Diocesan Statistical Com- mittees refrainedMrom attempting to enumerate for the Commission the total number of Churchpeople in Wales. The wisdom of this decision was shewn by the conspicuous failure of the attempt made by the Nonconformist Central Evidence Committee to enumerate Nonconformist adherents in Wales. The figures for adherents, however, put in evidence by the Calvinistic Methodists who have published these figures for many years indicate that a fair com- putation would show that the total number, includ- ing infants, of those, who belong more or less to all the Nonconformist denominations is somewhat less than half the total population of Wales. The question remains, what about- the other half of the population which stands altogether outside the religious influence, of the Nonconformist denomina- tions? About sixteen per cent. of children in Wales between the ages of three and fifteen do not attend Sunday Schools, and, with some qualifica- tions, this percentage indicates the proportion of the people of Wales who are utterly indifferent to religion for themselves and their families. The figures for Baptisms and Marriages in Church indi- cate that nearly a third of th population of Wales avail themselves in one way or another of the ministrations of the Church. This means that the religious influence of the Church in one form or another, touches a number of the popula- tion of Wales more than equal to the "all inclusive" adherents of the two largest Nonconformist de- nominations taken together. Those who may doubt this statement had better claim a Parliamentary re- ligious census which I believe would prove it to be well under the mark. The parochial system of the Church brings religious influences to bear upon the home of a number of people who attend no place of worship, and pastoral care is, in the circumstances of our time, of growing importance in view of a I tendency apparent on the part of a considerable portion of the population in industrial districts and large towns to neglect regular attendance at public worship. The effect of Disendowment would be to break up the parochial system of the Church, and what Disestablishment means is not taking away any privilege from the clergy, but taking away from the people their right to have the ministrations of the clerijy in their homes. The registered figures for Sunday scholars under 15 years of age show that the Church stands numerically in this respect a good way ahead of the largest Nonconformist denomination, while the aver- age attendance in Church Sunday Schools is a little higher than in Nonconformist Sunday Schools. This is a statistical fact of considerable importance which the enquiry of the Commission brought out for the first time, and its significance is all the greater because Sunday School is not so prominent a part of Church organisation as it is amongst Noncon- formists. As the chief figure of Nonconformist statistics is the number of full members, or persons qualified to be communicants, it was thought right to lay before the Commission the figures for actual Church communicants in Wales, and parochial lists with the names and addresses of all communicants were laid before the Commission as vouchers for the figures, except for 27 parishes u) the Diocese of Llandaff, which returned only the lower figure for Easter communicants instead of the total number. As the proportion of Church people who are not communi- cans to the number of communicants is much larger than the proportion of Nonconformist full members t thse who are not full members, an enumerffction of communicants is a basis of comparison specially un- favourable to the Church. Even, however, on this sfcieciajlly unfavourable basis of comparison the Church in Wales stands numerically a good way ahead of the largest Nonconformist denomination. 4.-DISMEMBERMENT OF THE CHURCH. It was the worst feature of Mr. Asquith's Dis- endowment Bill that in order to deprive the Church in Wales of its endowments, it proposed to separate the Welsh from the English dioceses by Act of Parliament, notwithstanding the strong opposition to dismemberment taken on religous grounds by the great majority of Welsh and English Churchmen. Each of the four Welsh Dioceses is a constituent unit of the Province of Canterbury and has in all respects the same status in the Province as an Eng- lish diocese. In the organisation of the Church of England each diocese, whether in Wales or in England, has a large measure of autonomy. Under this co-ordination of central guidance and diocesan autonomy, the Welsh Dioceses have the guidance of the whole Church in religious problems of a general character, while they are free to a large extent to adapt themselves to local conditions. The most perplexing and momentous problemsbefore the
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MEETING OF EISTEDDFOD I COMMITTEE. At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Eisteddfod, on Friday last, at the Guild- hall, Carmarthen (the Rev. T. R. Walters, M.A., R.D., presiding), A letter was read from the Secretary of the Carnarvon Choral Society, stating that they were rehearsing the test pieces; but they could not say whether or not they woild compete at Carmarthen Eisteddfod. They had no control over the mus.c to be sung at the Investiture. The Rev. Gwilym Davies asked if the secretary had information of any other choirs yho intended to compete. The Secretary (Mr. C. H. Portnell) said that he had no direct information. The. Rev. Griffith Thomas-I heard of one in Swansea to-day Mr. W. Jones said that there were choirs coming from Llanelly and Aberamman. FINANCE. The Finance Committee reported that a sum of £ 112 18s.. had been collected or promised in the town so fas; but the work had not been completed. There was a debit balance at the bank of JE20 Os. 8d. A letter was read from Mr. Wheldon stating that a special meeting would have to be called to consider the position of affairs which was becoming serious. The Rev. Gwilym Davies asked what had become of the "Appeal Committee" which had been ap- pointed. The Rev. Griffith Thomas said that he did not think that there had been any Appeal Committee; but the Finance Committee had been asked to draw up a list cf persons to collect subscriptions and to divide the town into districts. He did not think that any special committee had been appointed. Mr. J. Crossman said that it was true that a sneclal committee were appointed to collect, funds. They required a special committee for this purpose, as for every other purpose connected with the Eisteddfod. Mr. J. B. Arthur said that the results of the canvass had been in many cases most disheartening The English-speaking friends had done quite as well as might be expected: but he had received in several cases a very cold reception from prominent Welsh speakers. The Chairman said that he did not think Carmar- then had realised Its responsibilities either in this matter or in regard to the Eisteddfod Choir. It was onlv once in a lifetime they had the National Eisteddfod; and they had to awaken the town to a sense of its duty. If they failed to rise to their responsibilities, the finger of scorn would be pointed at Carmarthen not only in the Principality, but wherever t hI" Welsh language is spoken. It was decided to have a special meeting to consider the questions. THE PAVILION. Mr. EO Collier said that the other two architects and himself had visited the Park, and thev had agreed that a much better site could be found for the pavilion than that adopted. They agreed that the best plan would be to use the centre of the track and slopes between the steps and the Band Stand. This would give them some fine galleries. It was decided to refer the matter back to the Building Committee. THE PRINCE OF WALFS TO BE INVITED. Mr. E. Collier brought forward the matter of inviting the Prince of Wales, and it was decided to approach H.R.H. and to sk him if he could attend the Eisteddfod on one of the days.
RUGBY FOOTBALL CARMARTHEN TRAINING COLLEGE v. SWANSEA SECONDS. COLLEGE IN FINE FORM. On Saturday last, the Carmarthen Training Col- lege XV. played the Swansea Seconds on the latter's ground. This event is an annual fixture with the College, and, as a rule, they are beaten by a sub- stantial margin when playing away from home. Last season the Swansea men won both games, and it was confidently expected that they would prove the victors on this occasion. The Swan- sea team was weakened, however, by the absence of four men, who were touring with the premier team as reserves. The College team lined up as followsFull-back, Booreman; three-quarters, Hughes, Treharne, Watts (capt.), and Griffiths: half-backs, George and Hanson; for- wards, Logan, Sulk, Lewis, Harriman, Speeding, Thomas, Wightman, and Langley. The Swansea Seconds kicked off, and immediately pressed; but the College, taking advantage of a slip on the part of one of the home three-quarters, made a strong attack and gained a good deal of ground. Then the unexpected happened. Hanson, the College half-back, picked the ball up in the loose and dropped a fine goal, putting his side four points ahead after only a few minutes' play. This served to put, the home players on their mettle, and they attacked for some time. The Collegians again asumed the offensive, but were repulsed by excellent play on the part of the Rev. Alban Davies. The Swansea backs now made a determined attack on the College line. Richardson ran strongly until he was near the line, then transferrd to Owen, who scored. The additional points were not added, so the College, who were still showing fine form, led by one point. Some smart play by the Swansea backs, however, resulted in a trv for the latter. The homesters were now playing up with confidence. P. Shefford broke through the visitors' defence, and got within a few yards of the line. Although he had only the full-back to pass, and there were two or three of his own men unmarked near him. he attempted to go through on his own instead of passing, with the result that Lewis brought him down, bal/ and all. Half-time came with the score: Training College, one dropped goal; Swan- sea Seconds, one trv. The College re-started. Richardson received the ball from the scrum, and was going strongly for the line when he was upset by Booreman. The Col- legians relieved the situation by fine kicking, and a magnificent run by Watts resulted in a try for the College. He went through the Swansea men in splendid style, and beat them easily for pace. This brilliant effort was loudly applauded. Encouraged by their success the Training College played up gamely, but the Swansea men succeeded in obtain- ing two more tries, one of which was converted. Final score: Swansea II., 1 converted goal, 2 tries; Carmarthen Training College, 1 dropped goal, 1 try. AMMANFORD v. GOWERTON. (By" SPRINGBOK.") The match between Ammanford and Gowerton (the holders of the cup and shield) was plaved on Saturday on the ground of the former. The home team ^ere: i'ull-Dack, W. Williams; three-quarter backs, Coiley, G. Rees, J. Rees, and Handel Rich- ards; half-backs, Tom Lewis and Ivor Jones; for- wards, J. Baker, J. Evans, E. Evans, T. Thomas, ired Jenkins, D. Williams, R. Barrett, and T. Jones. The referee was Mr. J. H. Jones, Swansea. Ammanford kicked off at 3.55, and a scrum was formed at the centre owing to the ball being fum- il The homesters were penalised for legs up in the scrum, but the kick did not gain much ground. Another scrum was formed near the centre, and a free kick was awarded Gowerton for offside tactics by Ammanford, and the ball was sent to touch well down the held. A fine bout of passing by the home team took play back to the visitors' 25. From a scrum here Gowerton took the ball to the home 25 and the visitors were penalised for offside play. One of the homesters kicked the ball into one of the visitor s hands, and the latter kicked to touch at the home 25. Ammanford took nlav back to the centre, where one of their forwards was penalised. Gowerton tried for goal, but the ball did not rise. A few minutes later the visitors had another shot for a penalty goal, and the ball only fell short by a couple of inches. The homesters kicked to touch in their own 25. Half-time was then called, with no score on either side. c resuming, the visitors took play to Amman- ord s db, where the former were awarded a penalty, v'i_ u ^°r.»oa' failed. Jack Rees gathered the ball up and kicked well, but it was returned by one of the visiting backs into Fred Jenkins's iu o'c °,,m e a mark- Play was then taken to the 25. Gowerton were now striving hard to ^tfcould "ot penetrate the home team's brilliant defence. From a line out at the 25 Amman- ford made a. mark, and sent the ball to touch well over the centre. As a result of fine passing, Ammanford took play to the visitors' 25, and Ivor I' es Jones made a mark. Jack Rees made a good but unsuccessful attempt at goal. Gowerton, with a rush, took play back to the home 25, and from a scrum formed here Tom Lewis ran to the centre, and transferred to Ivor Jones. who ran stronglvq to the visitors 25. Gowerton took play back to The Fin I* shortly afterwards time was called. Final score: Ammanford, nil; Gowerton, nil. NOTES. A very good crowd assembled to see the same which was played in fine weather, the ground bein» in the pink of condition. ° The game unfortunately approached roughness and this is to be regretted, as it spoiled the play to a great extent. Taking the play as a whole, there was nothing to choose between the two teams. ° The referee should have paid more attention to the rough play indulged in, and had he done so the game wouid have been a far better one to witness than it turned out to ige. Tom Lewis (Ammanford) was again !1rOne to sel- fishness and played offside a great deal too often, the result being that the visitors were given several chances to score. Had Lewis opened out, the game oftener. the plav of the homesters- would have been far different. and it is quite probable a score would have resulted. Ivor Jones was in fine form, and so was Handel Richards. and their fine runs especially were a fea- ture of the game. At full-back V. illiams played a sound game, and saved well many times. Fred Je. kin-, was the best of the home forwards, and played a sterling game. On several occasions ■8 Til-assist t*ie full-back when the latter was in difficulties. To-morrow (Saturday) Ammanford play Ystalvfera at the latter place, and I hODe that the visitors will bring honours back with them. SATURDAY S CHIEF RESULTS. Swansea 3pts., Devonnort Albions 3pts. Cardiff kjanelly 3pts.; Neath 13pts.? Lydney nil; Dublin 12pts.. Newport 9pts.: Llandovery College .Llpts., Brecon College 3prs.; Bridgend 4pts., Aber- avon 9pts.; Pontardawe 3pts., Maesteg nil;' Welsh Regiment 17pts., Llaneilv Oriental Stars 3pts.
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Church in Wales to-day are not problems peculiar I to Wales at all, but problems raised by modeiri changes of life and thought, problems common to both England and Wales alike. According to the evidence, there is no Noncon- formist denomination in Wales which is confined to Wales, and a Wesleyan witness was very clear that the separation of Welsh Wesleyan Methodists from the British Annual Wesleyan Conference "would be injurious to the Welsh Methodists. They get such great help from English Methodists that I think it would be disastrous." Mr. Asquith's Bill singled out one, and only one of the religious com- munions at work in Wales for forcible isolation within the geographical border line which divides Wales from England, and such a proceeding was called religious equality. The fact of the matter is that the present Government imagine that thev can afford to treat the Church of England in a way they would not dare to treat the smallest Nonconformist denomination in the country. It is one thing for a Government to ask Parliament to sever the existing relations between the State and the Church of Eng- land as II. whole. It is quite another thing in point of principle to ask Parliament to dismember the Church of England without the consent of Church- men. We have a right to protest against the secularisation of Church endowments in Wales; we have an even stronger right to protest against any attempt to dismember the Church of England by Act of Parliament., NECESSITY OF A REFERENDUM. The Central Church Committee, under whosie auspices this meeting of protest is held, has always been most careful to keep clear of party politics, and I hope that I shall not be departing from this sound principle in concluding with a few words to you about the situation into which the country is plunged at the present time. The question for Churchmen to consider most seriously is whether we are to have a referendum or not upon questions of great gravity like the Dismemberment and Dis- endowment of the Church. If the present Govern- ment is returned to power, we have no security at all that the people of this country will have in future a fair and square opportunity of declaring their mind about any disestablishment and dis- endowment Bill either for Wales or for England. All that we have a right to insist upon, and we certainly have a right to insist upon this, is that no future House of Commons shall have a free hand to dismember and despoil the oldest institution in the country without an express declaration of the mind of the people upon an irrevocable issue of far- reaching gravity for the welfare of the country as a whole for generations to come. As Churchmen we have no concern with the power or constitution of the House of Lords as such, but we have a concern, and we have a clear duty to see to it that some adequate security shall be taken to prevent any group or party from managing, by means of "log- rolling" devices to dismember or despoil the Church of England without the most direct and most im- perative mandate from the people of this United Kingdom. This, apart altogether from party poli- tics, is the plain common sense of the present situation for Churchmen of all schools of thought.