IPHV^cherSC^I Iigommreturms reC'STERCD 9 Fac-sir.'ils of One-Oatice Racket. 1 Archer's Golden Ketairns Tho Perfection of Pipe Tobacco. | 'Co COOL. SWEET AND FRACHANT. I
Is 10 il .0
IN THE EMPIRE. Pji migm UNDER THE FLAG. Whole Counties Given Away. HOMESTEADS OF 160 ACRES EACH GIVEN FREE BY CANADA (BRITAIN'S NEAREST OVERSEAS DOMINION) DURING EIGHT MONTHS KCUAL IN AREA NINE BRITISH COUNTIES. 20TH CENTURY IS CANADA'S YOUR CHANCE OF A HOME AND A COMPETENCE. Place Yeurseif and Your Money There. WORK FIR ALL FARM UBOPEBS m DOMESTIC SERVANTS, For free maps, pamphlets and full particulars, apply to Mr. A. McOWAN,Canadian Government Emigration Agent, 81 Queen Street, Exeter; or to Mr. J. OBED SMITH, Assistant Superintendent of Canadian Emigration, 11 and 12 Charing Cross, London, S.W. -d
BEWARE OF COLD IN A CUT ZAM-BUK HEALS CHAPPED HANDS AND, PREVENTS BLOOD-POISON. At this time of the year there is no more common, cause of blood-poisoning among house-wives and other workers than "chaps," It is the easiest thing in the world for disease germs and poisonous gric to enter the blood through a fissure of the skin, caused by the roughness, rawness, and cracks brought on by the cold and inclement weather. Chapped hands, sore lips, and cold-sores generally, are not only dangerous but. annoying, and girls with ten- der skins, often suffer untold misery, especially after a busy day at the washing-tub or generaL cleaning down. Perhaps that rough, unpleasant "feel" which indi- cates the approach of the dreaded chapped condi- tion is already noticeable. The skin shows a ten- dency to roughness, and is sensitive to the slightest wucii. In most cases of chapped hands there is a. good deal of smarting when plunging into hot water, while in the worst cases the skin burns and smarts so fiercely that every movement causes pain; and washing, working, or even writing becomes positive* torture. The skin cracks at the knuckles, bleeding begins, and if the wound remains open, cold and dirt get into it and inflammation is set up. Because this is a common daily experience at this time of the year, that is all the more reason why it should not be lightly regarded. Hands which suffer like this can be restored to, a sound and healthy condition by the judicious, application of Zam-Buk. This pure herbal balm, applied to hands exerts a delightful, cooling, and soothing influence, and quickly renders the skin soft, white, and strong again, so that it can with- stand the coldest of weather. Zam-Buk is the ideal skin-protector, because its unique skin-healing powers are helped by the absolute purity and the great germicidal power of its herbal ingredients. Zam-Buk contains none of the rancid animal fats and coarse mineral poisons such as are found in, ordinary ointments and salves, which simply clog the pores of the skin with impurities. Zam-Buk is prepared from the juices of rare healing plants, and these juices are so uniquely combined and refined that they are Easily and naturally absorbed by tho skin. The hands and skin that are regularly dressed with Zam-Buk will escape "chaps" and cold weather skin torture. Miss N. Stephenson, Ivy Dene, Manor Way, Bex- (v-Tit. writes:—"My hands were so sore with '"Tacks all over the skih that I was quite. » so do my work. The inflamed places also itched and ached terribly. I had a special prepara- tion made up by the chemist, but thought I gave it a good trial it failed to do my hands any good at all. "My mother then advised Zam-Buk, which proved just tho thing I needed. This Zam-Buk, besides relieving me of the irritation and nam, healed up the cracks and cuts splendidly, and in a remarkably short time, too. I found inypelf able to use mv hands without discomfort. Zam-Buk is really splendid, and I always keen a box handy now."
As a Safe, Permanent, and Warranted Cure for Pimples. Scrofula. Scurvy. Bad Legs. Skin and Blood Disease and Sores of all kinds, we can. with cqnfidence. recommend CLARKE'S WORLD- FAMED BLOOD MIXTURE. Of Chemists every- where.. y
f y These splendid twin boys (18 months old), who took the FIRST PRIZE at OLYMPIA in September, 1909, were brought up on I 'or Li > GROATS. The doctors said they had never seen such strong boys before, as they were t ALL BONE and MUSCLE, and no fat about them whatever. The Mother of these twins, Mrs. C. H. NUNN, 16, Cleveland Gardens, Barnes, London, writes as follows The one on the right was the smaller baby when born, and after trying two foods and finding he could hot take them, I tried ROBINSON'S 'Patent' GROATS. He was then only 3 weeks old and he began to get so plump and well and very soon caught up to his brother which I fed myself. Finding he got on so well with the Patent' Groats, I weaned the other at 7 months, and now they both have it at nights and look forward to it. At 12 months old they weighed 29 Ibs. and took the first prize at 18 months." Send for Free Booklet: "ADVICE TO MOTHERS." KEEN, ROBINSON,& Co., Ltd., LONDON.
I CARDIGANSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. I THE LIGHT RAILWAY PRACTICALLY COMPLETED. I AGITATION FROM PENWERN DISTRICT. POSITION EXPLAINED BY MR. HARFORD. A quarterly meeting of the Cardiganshire County Council was held at Lampeter Town Hall on Thurs- day, the 10til instant, when the Chairman (Mr. R. S. Rowland, Garth) presided. There- were also present: Aldermen C. M. Williams, Aberystwyth; Evan Richards, Penuwchfawr; W. J. Lloyd, l'ant- I cwnlle; E. J. Davies, New Quay; Vaughan Davics, M.P., Tanybwlch; Evan Davies, Gilfachronw; David Evans. Llanwnen; R. J. R. Loxdale, Llan- ilar; Councillors D. J. Williams. Tregaron; J. H. Davies, Llangeitho; Sir Edward Prvse, Gogerddan; Griffith Davies, Penbryn; D. C. Roberts, Captain T. Doughton and Robert Ellis, Aberystwyth; Rev. T. Arthur Thomas, Llandyssul; Rev. Griffiths, Maenvgroes; W. Jeremy, Adpar; Morgan Evans, Oakford; Morgan James, Llanrhystyd; John Jones, Cilcennin; Jenkin Davies. Llandyssiligogp; Josiah Jones, Llandyssul; Major J. J. Bonsall, Fronfraith; Edward L. Powell, Rhydvfirian; Dr. John James, Taliesin; J. M. Howell. Aberayron; Principal Bebb, Lampeter; John Jones, Cwmere; Edward Evans, Strata Florida; Thomas Jones, Llangranog; J. W. Davies, Llanfair. and Thomas Morgan, Ysbytty; together with Mr. Evan Evans (clerk), Mr. Tom Parry (county land agent), and Messrs. D. Davies and T. E. Owen (county surveyors). REPRESENTATIVE CONSERVATORS. Messrs. Evan Davies, James Stephens, and D. Martin Jones were re-appointed Conservators for the Teify Fishery District, and Mr. D. J. Williams was anpointed in-the room of the Chairman, who, bv virture of his nosition, becomes an ex-officio member. Sir Marteine Lloyd, Bart., was re- appointed Conservator for the Towy Fishery Dis- trict. OTHER REPRESENTATIVE APPOINTMENTS. In consequence of the death of the Rev. Llewelyn Edwards, M.A., there were vacancies on the Court of the University of Wales and on the Joint Edu- cation Committee under the Welsh Intermediate Education Act, 1889, and Mr. D. C. Roberts was de- puted to fill these positions. THE NATIONAL MEMORIAL. It was stated that the Chairman was on the exe- cutive committee of the National Memorial to King Edward' VII., and Messrs. Loxdale and Beynon Evans were asked to represent the, Council on the General Committee. FEEDING STUFFS. The Clerk stated that at its previous meeting the Council passed a resolution with regard to proceed- ins being taken under the Fertilizers and Feeding Stuffs Act, 1906, without first obtaining1 the sanction of the Board of Agricuiture.That body had written to say that it had no power to give a general con- sent. The consent of the Board must be given for everv orosecution. He (the clerk) had seen the Board's' inspector, who had stated that he would be happv to confer with any member of the Council or any farmer who experienced any difficulty with regard to the proceedings. Mr. Robert Ellis—So we have to ask the consent Iz of London, if you please. The Clerk—Yes. Mr. Ellis-Very nice. NURSING ASSOCIATION. An application from Lady Evans, Lovesgrove, president of the Aberystwyth and Llanbadarn Nursing Association, for a grant for the training of midwives or nurse midwives, was referred to the Iv" Finance Committee. OPPOSITION TO A PROPOSED NEW SCHOOL. It having been proposed to build a new school at Gartheli. a protest against it came from the parish meeting of Bettws Leiky, and the protest was referred to the Education Committee. SHEEP DIPPING. The Clerk announced, amidst applaure, that he had received a letter from the Board of Agriculture expressing its satisfaction with the way in which double dipping of sheep had been carried out in that county. POLLING STATIONS. The Finance Committee were requested to con- sider an application from Scyborycoed Parish Coun- ciL to locate a rolling station at Eglwysfach. in the Taliesin Electoral Division. At the same time the committee are to consider a motion of Mr. Jenkm Davies. that the parish of Llandisilio-gogo be gran- ted two oolling stations for election purposes in- stead of one as at present, as many electors from the remote parts of the parish complained of the long distance they had to travel to the existing station. THE NEW MAIN ROAD. The Council agreed to a provisional order de- claring the highway leading from the Plough and Harrow to Llanon Village a main road. ROADS AND BRIDGES COMMITTEE'S REPORTS. The chief items in the report of the Main Roads, Bridges, and Public Buildings Committee for the northern division were the following:— ROAD BOARD CONFERENCES. The Clerk read a communication from the Road Board which was remitted by the Council to this Committee suggesting that conferences should be held between the county and highway surveyors to formulate schemes for application to the Road Board. It was resolved to request the Surveyor, afther the meeting of the Main Roads Committee for the lower division in conjunction with the Sur- veyor for that division to convene the conference and to prepare all necessary schemes and applica- tions for grants to tho Road Board. A NEW ROAD. The Clerk read a communication from the Mont- gomeryshire County Council and the Merioneth- shire County Council in support of the application of the Road Board for a grant towards the con- struction of the proposed road from Pennal to the wharf known as Quay Ward on the river Dovey. It was resolved to recommend the Council to sup- port tho application. ELECTRIC CABLES. A letter was read from the Chiswick Electricity Supply Corporation applying for permission to lay electric cables in Llanbadarn Road, Aberystwyth. It was resolved that the application be granted upon tho Corporation paying to the Council the annual sum of 2s. 6d., the work to be carried out, and the surface of the road restored to the satisfaction of the County Surveyor. FIGURE FOUR BRIDGE. Mr. Thomas E. Owen, surveyor, reported: Mr. Richard Jones, the owner of the land on the south side of this bridge, objects to granting land for the suggested widening, affirming that the present structure has not sufficient water way and that during heavy floods the water causes considerable damage to his field, and that there is danger of the surrounding embankment being destroyed. Mr. Jones offers free of charge whatever quantity of his land is necessary for the erection of a new bridge, on condition that the span is sufficiently lengthened to do away with his grievance. I am informed that the small bridge, which was built to relievo the pressure on the larger one, was partly demo- lished in 1886 owing to their incapacity. This appears to be a scheme, worthy of the support of the Roads Board, to whom a strong application should be made. Probably, however, an application for an entirely new bridge would be the most successful. COMPLETION OF BRIDGES. The following bridges, viz., Pendre, Efel y Gof, and Glanrhvd, in the neighbourhood of Llanfi- hangel-v-Creuddyfn, and Cefncoed bridge near Gngman, having been completed in accordance with the plans and specifications, I beg to certify same for payment. ROCMAC. In compliance with your instructions I visited Neath and Swansea to inspect the laying of rocmac. I find it makes excellent roads, which give good foothold for hores in all weathers. Trials have been made on roads having the heaviest traffic, with good results. Very favourable reports have been received from the Borough Engineers of Hali- fax, Leeds, and Helensborough. It i4 a chemical solution, a matrix of which is formed by mixing it with limestone dust. This should be laid on a pro- perly formed surface, upon which granite is to be evenly spread, and rolled, until the matrix comes to the top and seals the whole. When set, it be- comes perfectly waterproof, consequently very little dust or mud is formed, and scavenging is reduced to a minimum. It is claimed that the durability of roads treated with rocmac is more than doubled, whilst it can be laid with equally good results at all seasons. Rocmac costs lOd. per gallon, and half a gallon is required to every superficial yard of 3in. thickness.
DEVIATION OF A ROAD. Abergwessin Road.—In compliance with your in- structions, I accompanied Mr. Harpur, county roads surveyor of Breconshire, over the road between Tregaron and Abergwesain. We were accorppanied by Councillors R. S. Rowland (chairman), and D. J. Williams, Mr. John Rowland, of tho Treasury, Mr. Morgan Jones, surveyor, Tregaron, Mr. Ed- wards, Nantstalwyn, and other gentlemen. It wag decided to deviate the road for about a mile past Llwyngaru farmstead, and thus avoid one of the steepest hills on the route. Much widening will bo necessary in the vicinity of Tregaron, and some buildings must bo removed. Several bridges and culverts will also be required. Plans and estimates are in course of preparation, and will be duly for- warded to the Roads Board to whom a strong ap- peal should be forwarded by bofh counties. If successful, this road would prove of great benefit to the mid-Wales district generally, as it would supply a quick and short means of communication between the Midlands and the sea coast of Cardiganshire. ABERYSTWYTH MILITIA BARRACKS. Capt. G. W. Saver, on behalf of tho War De- partment, to-day (October 1st) formally handed over the above barracks to this Council. The War Department undertake to pay the sum of JE200 17s. 6d., which is the estimate formerly submitted to you of the cost of repairs necessary to be executed. With one exception the whole of the buildings are now vacant, the remaining tenant, Battery Sergt.- Major Wright, has signed an agreement under- taking to give and deliver up possession when re- quired by you so to do, he further undertakes, while in possession to make a weekly inspection of the whole premises. I may point out that if totally vacant, a caretaker would have to be put in; or all the. windows barricaded. CLAIM AGAINST THE TERRITORIAL FORCES. A claim was made against the Territorial forces for extra labour incurred on the roads, and extra- ordinary traffic during the time they camped at Lovesgrove and Bow Street, and an offer of £10 mado by Major Earl has been accepted. VEHICULAR TRAFFIC. The following table shews the amount of vehicu- lar traffic on the roads affected as compared with the roads in tho southern end of the town for tho first week in August: — Motor Motor Car- Cars. Bicycles, riages. Carts. Tl. Bow Street road 550 164 2,171 177 3,072 Lovesgrovo road 679 238 2,884 578 4,379 Devil's Bridge road. 176 56 673 63 968 Llanafan road 58 13 570 45 686 Aberayron road 433 103 1,736 187 2,459 As shewn, the traffic on the Bow btreet road was al- most equal to that of the Llanafan and Aberayron roads together, whilst the traffic on the Lovesgrove road was greater than the total of the three non- effected roads. CURRENT QUARTER'S ESTIMATE. The Surveyor's estimate for the current quarter was :—For bridges, £ 200 roads, jMOO; total, £ 1,100. RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE BRIDGES COMMITTEE. Bearing on the Surveyor's report, it was recom- mended, among other matters, that the Surveyor bo authorised to proceed with the work at Pont Eynon Bridge at a cost not exceeding £ l5;^that the Surveyor be instructed to preparo as soon as possible, a scheme for the proposed road from Tregaron to Abergwessin, the same to be forwarded to the Road Board; that the offer of Major East, on behalf of the Territorial Forces, to pay £ 10 for the extra labour on the main roads during the time tlift forces camped at Lovesgrove and Bow Street, be accepted that the travelling and other necessary expenses of the Surveyor in connection with the proposed applications to the Road Board be de- fraved bv the Council; that the Surveyor be authorised to carry out the proposed arrangement with the owner of Ffynonoer Farm at a cost not exceeding- JB5; that the condition of the main road at Pont- gov be referred for inspection and report to Alderman D. L. Jones and Councillors J. H. Davies, R. S. Rowland, and D. J. Wrilliams; and that the Surveyor's estimate for the quarter be approved. The report was adopted, as was also the report of the Southern Division Committee, whose chief subjects under discussion were the following: LLWYNDURIS QUARRY. The Clerk reported that he had received notice from Major Griffith, of Lhvynduris, to determine the tenancy of the Council in Llwynduris Quarry on the 25th March next. It was resolved to re- quest the Clerk to apply to Major Griffith for his terms of a renewed tenancy of the Quarry ,vlt-ok regard to pebbles and sand, and in the alternative with regard to sand only. GRANITE FOR THE ROAD. The Surveyor submitted a number of specimens of local stone for road purposes, also estimates of cost of granite from certain quarries. It was re- solved that the Surveyor bo requested to procure granite fur road purposes from Pwllheli at a cost of 6s. 4d. per ton delivered at Aberayron. THE ROAD BOARD'S SCHEME. The communication from the Road Board to the Council which was remitted to this Committee was considered, and it was resolved that the County Surveyor be requested to formulate schemes for submission to the Road Board. It was suggested that both County Surveyors should call a conierence of ail the road surveyors in the county at a central place a" soon as possible, and that their report be submitted o a special meeting of the Council to be held at Lampeter before the end of the month. GILFACHREDA BRIDGE. The consideration of the application of Aberayron Rural District Council for a contribution towards re-building Gilfachreda Bridge,, which was referred bv the Council to this Committee, was deferred until a plan and specification of the work be fur- nished to the Committee.. A communication from the Cardigan Town Coun- cil as to the condition of the main roads which was referred by the Council to this Committee was con- sidered, and it was resolved that the Cardigan Town Council be requested to explain more fully their grievance and to specify the roads to which their complaint referred. ARBERTH BRIDGE. The Surveyor having stated that one tender only had been received by him for the proposed im- provement at Llechryd and the building of Arberth Bridge which amounted to L809, it was resolved that the Surveyor be authorised to carry out the work at his estimated cost of B660. It was also resolved to recommend the Council to sanction the expenditure of £ 660 on the proposed work and to apply to the Local Government Board for consent to borrow that amount. THE NEW BRIDGE AT ABERAYRON. The Clerk reported that the Local Government Board had now provisionally senctioned the pro- posed loan of £ 1,410 for the proposed new bridge at Aberayron, but required the land necessary for the improvement to be conveyed to the Council. It was resolved that the Clerk communicate with the Trustees of the Llanayron Estate and the Lampeter, Aberayron, and New Quay Light Rail- way Company with regard to acquiring the land; also that the completion of the contract and the fixing of the time within which the work is to be executed be left to the Special Committee already appointed by the Council to deal with questions connected with the, Bridge. It was resolved to recommend the Council to pay Mrs. Lort Phillips the sum of L25, being the consideration for her license to effect the proposed improvement at Llech- rytt also the sum of E12 12s. to Mrs. Lort Phillips's solicitors, Messrs. D. Hughes, Brown, and Wynne, Pembroke Dock, in discharge of their Bill of Costs forpre paring the license. COST OF ROAD MAINTENANCE INCREASES. The Surveyor (Mr. D. Davies), in his report, stated: I am sorry to inform you that the cost of maintaining the roads is increasing, owing to the heavy traffic; and the unsufficient strength of our roads to withstand such traffic, also the cry of motorists, and others for better surface. The roads are improving gradually, but it will take years before the foundation will be strong enough to support such heavy loads as they are called upon to bear over the entire area, as any failure or partial failure of the foundation is bound to destroy the surface. I am pleased to say that our roads are gradually strengthening. Every year the weakest parts are covered with thousands of cubyards. Our main roads ought to be improved as speedily as possible, so that they may adequately bear the traffic, which the advent of motors have imposed upon them. The road from Cardigan to Cenarth for instance. The motors run over this road 12 to 16 times daily, and they break the surface: terribly —making it full of holes. It is now in good condi- tion though, having been lately scarified, covered with granite metal, and rolled, but still it does not please the motorists. What they want of course is to have all the roads made of tar macadam, or tar painting, which if done would mean a heavy burden on a thinly populated agricultural district like Cardiganshire. Tar painting costs about L60 per mile, or lid. a yard, and would have to be re- 2 t, r made everv two three years. Tor macadam again costs' from £ 900 to £ 1.000 per mile. or Is. 9d. per yard. The re-consiruetion of the foundation costs about £ 2,000 a mile, and in some places it costs as much as £ 2,300. This undoubtedly is an excellent method for making good roads, but, am afraid is too expensive for a county with limited financial resources, but if you think cur roads in Cardiganshire should be treated in the same way, I shall willingly try my best to carry out your in- structions. GRANITE METAL. This is the cheapest in the end for making a road surface. The roads that are covered with granite pre not so dusty, and also they are not so slippery. If these roads, after having a good coat of granite were covered with tar, and fine sand. to fill the hollow places, thev would be like ashnhalt roads— oven ),d F!mo,-)th-T surgest. that the following roads be maintained with granite metal, vizCardigan to Cenarth, and Penllechyrast; Newcastle-Emlvn to Rhiwshon, and Bryngwyn: Llandyssul to Horeb, and Penpwll; Aberayron to Lampeter. NORTH TERRACE, ABERAYRON. I This is to be taken down, and new buildings to be erected, and I am given to understand that the Monachdy Estate is willing to give a strip of land here in front of the old terrace, gratis, in order to widen the road. If this was done it would greatly improve the place. I suggest that a sub-committoo be named to visit the spot in order to see whai can be done. RHYDYBEILLEN BRIDGE. A conifmtieo was convened on the 25th of Sep- tember, but Councillor Thomas Jones, Llangranog, was the only one who attended. The bridge is in a dilapidated state, but I do not think it is much worse than it was six months ago, but it ouht to be built stronger, as the G.W.R. motor omnibuses run over it daily. Councillor T. Joncd and myself are of opinion that it should be straightened, but before this can be done, we must obtain a piece of land for doing so. The County Council has a piece of land on the other side of the road, but it cannot be widened that side, as that would make the turning worse. It would also be advisable to raiso it about 5ft. if possible. In doing this the entrance to the oottago close by will be interfered with, and a strip of the cottage garden, and of the farm the other side of the river would have to be procured before the turning can be made easier. The cost of building will not exceed £ 550. SILIAN BRIDGE. I am very pleased to say that a good job is being done to this bridge, and it isvery nearly completed.. COUNTY BRIDGES. I have visited them all lately, and have arranged them in three da:e8, and 1 hope to get my report. on same ready by the Maui Road Committee. I CURRENT QUARTER'S ESTIMATE. The Surveyor s estimate lor the current quarter was LI,ODO. li8arwg on the above report, it was recom- mended — That no notion be taken for acquiring tar paint or tar macadam for road purposes; that granite metal be laid on the roads mentioned in the Surveyors report; that the thanks of the com- mittee be tendered to Lieut. Gwynne for his kind offer to give the necssary land to widen the road at North-terrace, Aberayron, and that a Special Committee consisting of Alderman Major Prico Lewes and Councillors J. M. Howell and E. Lima Jones be appointed to consider and report on the proposed widening; that the sub-committe ap- pointed to consider the improvement at Rhydy- beillen Bridge be requested to further consider the question and report to a subsequent meeting; that the Surveyor be authorised to lay a pipe to prevent water running under the foundation of Silian Bridge; and that the Surveyor's estimate for the quarter be approved. ROAD BETWEEN ABERAYRON AND LAM- PETER. Councillor J. C. Harford referred to the condition of the road between Aberayron and Lampeter, and the Surveyor was requested to request the owners to cut and trim the trees on the sides of tho road and to make openings therein, and for that purpose to serve as soon as possible the necessary notices on the affected landowners. RAISING A ROAD. It was recommended "that the Surveyor be re quested to consult the Engineer of the Lampeter, Aberayron, and New Quay Light Railway Com- pany with regard to the raising of the road near Penvwern. It was also resolved and that the Surveyor be authorised to lay down a 9-inch pipe at Cross Inn, New Quay, along the main road for a distance of 15 yards. It was also recommended that the Surveyor be instructed to use one steam roller as soon as possible for the purpose of rolling stones on the main roads within the division. FINANCE-TIIE LAND AGENT'S ACCOUNTS. Mr. Loxdale submitted the report of the Finance and General Purposes Committee, from which it appeared that Mr. Tom Parry, the county land agent, attended tho Committee and produced tho following accounts:—Services and expenses in Aber- ystwyth district, £ 58 18s. 6d.; ditto Aberayron, £ 3 14s. 6d.; ditto Newcastle-Emlyn, JB55 8s. 6d.; printing and advertising, etc., £ 34 19s. lOd.; and Pengarreg repairs, etc., J625. It was resolved to recommend payment of the accounts together with the balance of salary up to 30th September, pro- vided the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries ap- prove of the Accounts for services and expenses with a view to repayment of the same to the Council, and the Clerk was requested to forward the accounts to the Board of Agriculture for that purpose. The Agent was directed to include his reports and valuations in the agendas of the com- in Ittces: also to pay all monies received by him from time to time to the Treasurer's account, at the National Provincial Bank, Aberystwyth. RATES. It wa.s resolved that tho following' rates be ordered for the current half-year, namely;—For Elementary Education a rate of 4d. in the £ for Higher Education a rate of Id. in the -6. APPORTIONMENT FOR THE LIGHT RAIL- WAY. It was resolved that the further advance of 91,500 agreed to be made by the County Council to tho Lampeter, Aberayron, and New Quay Light Rail- way Company be secured as to three-fourth parts thereof by a mortgage on the property of the Com- pany and as to the remainder thereof in fully paid up shares of the Company. MONEY FOR LLECHRYD ROAD IMPROVE- MENT. It was resolved at the request of the Main Roads Committee for the Southern Division to recom- mend the Council to sanction an expenditure not exceeding £ 660 in executing tho proposed road improvement at Llechryd, including the building of Arberth Bridge, and to apply to the Local Government Board for permission to borrow that amount on mortgage of the bounty Fund. It was resolved to recommend the Council to pay Mrs. Lort Phillips the sum of J825, being consideration for her licence to execute the improvements at Lleohrvd, and the sum of JE12 12s. to her solicitors, Messrs. D. Hughes, Brown, and Wynne, in dis- charge of their bill of costs for preparing the licence. POULTRY ASSOCIATION. A letter was read from Alderman Vaughan Davies, M.P., with regard to the translation into WTelsh of the pamphlat of the Poultry Association, and it was resolved to recommend the Council to grant the sum of 910 for that purpose without any condition as to contribution from other County Councils. GRANTS DISTRIBUTION COMMITTEE. It was resolved to recommend the Council to appoint a committee of 12 members to act as' a committee for distribution of any grants which may be made to this county in aid of agriculture by the Development Commissioners, such committee to consit of six members to be appointed within the Council, four practical agriculturists outside the Council, and two members representing the Univer sity College of Wales, Aberystwyth. The Clerk was requested to summon a special meeting of the Council to be held at Lampeter on Thursday, the 27th instant. MR. TOM PARRY'S EXPENSES AND POSITION. Wrhilst adopting the education rates recommen- ded, it would seem from a discussion that the Board of Agriculture would not meet Mr. Tom Parry's claims until they were duly supported by vouchers. Mr. Parry, it appeared, had done no work without a distinct resolution from committee or Council. Mr. Robert Ellis would like the Council to give instructions as to what were considered legitimate expenses. According to the terms of the appoint- ment of the land agent, he was to have £ 60 a year and to do all the duties. Of course, if he attended other than ordinary meetings by instruction he should be paid for them, but ordinary meetings ought to be covered by his salary. Sir Parry Pryse said that as far as he could see the Committee's recommendations as to payments would be made after the board's approval. Mr. Loxdale sai dthat they could not expect Mr. Parry to perform all the services indicated for JE60 a year. The accounts had been very carefully gone into and amended as far as possible, and the payments ought to be made. What they would do in future was another matter. Mr. Ellis pointed out that all the Small Holdings Committee had received was 260 Is. 6d., whilst the expenses from the beginning had been JE750 14s. 5d. Several members stated in effect that Mr. Parry could not be expected to pay his travelling expenses with such a small salary. Ultimately the Committee's report was adopted, as was also the proposal bv Mr. Ellis that they reoeive an expression of opinion that they should decide what was and what was not included in Mr. Parrv's salarv. MEDICAL OFFICER OF THE COUNTY. The Council decided to appoint a medical officer of health for the county next February, the salary to be £ 450 per year, including travelling expenses. THE LIGHT RAILWAY. The agenda contained a notice: "To direct the Common Seal of the Council to be affixed to a
mortgage to the Yorkshire Penny Bank to secure the sum of £1,500 to enable the Council to make a further advance of £1,500 to the Lampeter, Aber- ayron, and New Quay Light Railway Comnany, and to authorise the Chairman of the Council and the Clerk to sign all documents necessary to com- plete the mortgage. Mr. W. J. Lloyd said he had a conditional motion. The Clerk—I have a letter here from Mr. Harford on the Light Railway question and another from the general manager of the Great Western Railway. Mr. Loxdale thought those communications should be heard. LETTER FROM MR. HARFORD. The Clerk—Mr. Harford writes:—"I regret being unable to attend the meetng of the County Council, but having promised my boy that I would be present at his school degree-day, 1 cannot disappoint him. I am glad to be able to report that the Light Rail- way is practically finished. The permanent way is complete as far as Aberayron, the telegraph poles have been erected, and little remains to be done boyond completing the stations, halts, telegraph wires, and signals. On Thursday, Oct. 20th, the G. \Y.fl. officials made a formal inspection of the line, and were taken the entire length of it to Aberayron in a tram composed of an engine ad two saloons. Tho G.W.R. have consented to allow trucks with coal or goods to be hauled over the line by the contractor's engine, provided their own trucks are used, as a convenience for the district, with the stipulation that this shall not constitute any guarantee that they have taken over tho line. With regard to facilities afforded the district by the new line, the total length is twelve miles, and it will be served by five halts and two stations, besides the use of Lampeter Station. Ystrad, the central station, is situated exactly halfway between Lampetor and Aberayron, on level ground close to the high road with ample room for expansion, and every facility of dealing with coal, lime, cattle, or goods traffic. Small station buildings will bo put up at Aberayron and Ystrad, and at the halts the piatforms will bo lengthened to a hundred feet, and a small shelter erected on each. Sidings have been provided at Silian and Ciliau Aeron halts, although this was not part of the agreement with the G.W.R. or of tho County Council. I have to- day inspected the Avonmouth and Filton Railway constructed by the G.W. Railway, and serving this district as well as the Avonmouth Docks, and find that its length is seven miles, having one station, and three halts with platforms of a hundred feet, and small iron shelters. There are no sidings at the halts, the goods traffic being worked from the one station at Henburg, much as the G.W.R. pro- pose should be done at Ystrad for one line. As to what is mentioned in the matter on the agenda regarding the Board of Trade, we have received from them the greatest possible civility and help, and their letter merely conveys what the directors well know, namely, that the Board will bo prepared to carefully consider any proposal made by the Directors. As regards a siding at Penwern, tho gradient there is 1 in 40, whereas the Board of Trade insists on 1 in 240; extra sidings capable of holding a train equal to 12 trucks, as well as the siding" of six trucks, would have to be constructed, making it necessary to provide accommodation for a total of 18 trucks instead of six, which I regrot to say, puts the matter out of the question. Secondly, as one of the G.W.R. officials pointed out to me, we have already had one accident on tho line owing to a truck running away on the gradient and under all the circumstances the Directors are unable to reconsider the matter. I should like to bear testimony to the liberality of Mr. Evans, son of Mr. Morgan Evans, of Oakford, himself still a staunch supporter of the new line, although it does not at present go past his house. Mr. Evans not only let us have the land for Aberayron Station at a most reasonable price, but when more land was needed, nobly gave it at the same rate. Lastly, when Mr. Yocknev proposed altering the fence, he agreed, giving the company more frontage to the road and a better apyproach to the station, in ex- change for an equal amount of land close to the river and of less value, without extra payment. I trust that when next the County Council meet, the railway will bo running regularly to Aberayron. "Vo have given the usual month's notice to the Board .of Trade to inspect the line which we trust they will soon do, and will find it—made as it is with rails of 751bs. weight and good ballast—fit for heavy traffic and well worthy of the support which the County Council and the Local Authori- ties of Cardiganshire have so generously afforded titi. Thanking the County Council for its most valuable help throughout the so long years, and con- gratulating them on the practical completion of a scheme, only made possible by the natriotic assis- tance of its members and of the local authorities. LETTER FROM THE G.W.R. MANAGER. Mr. James Ingiis, the manager of the G.W.R., writes:—Mr. Yockney has informed me of a diffi- culty which the Lampeter and Aberayron Light Railway Co. have encountere-d owing to some of the land-owners requiring at Penwern (Talsarn Road) accomrrfcdation in excess of the stopping places pro- vided for in the working agreement between this Council and the Light Railway Company. At what I I understand to be your request, 1 am writing to say that at tho time the working agreement was being entered into the quest.on of the accorninoda- tion to be provided at the several points on the line, including Penwern, was carefully equired ito, when it was considered that in view of the unsatis- factory physical conditions obtaining at Penwern, and the fact that the provision of accommodation of all descriptions of traffic was con- templated at Ystrad, the circumstances at Penwern were such as would be adequately provided for by a stopping-place for passengers. Some time since let- ters were received here from certain interested land-owners, and the opportunity was taken of reconsidering the matter, but no necessity was eeen for disturbing the arrangements already arrived at. A CONDITION. Mr. W. J. Lloyd then put forward his motion, namely: "That this Council regrets that in the con- struction of the Lampeter and Aberayron Light Railway, no provision has so far been made to meet the requirements and convenience of the important and densely populated parishes of Nantcwnlle, Gartheli, Bettws Leiky, Trefilan, and the upper portion of Llanfihangel Ystrad, and is of opimon that the Directors of the Railway Company in dis- regarding the undertaking which prompted the County Authority to contribute to the cost with- holds from this community the privileges which a proper and fair administration of the Light Railway Act, 1896, would necessarily confer. The Council therefore request the Company in the fulfilment of its pledge and undertaking to submit to the Board dt Trade (wh.ch has already intimated its willing- I ness to consider such an application) proposals pro- viding for a siding accommodation at Penwern. also that copies of this Resolution be forwarded to the Directors of the Lampeter and Aberayron Light Railway Company, the General Manager of the Great Western Railway Company, tho President of the Board of Trade, and Mr. Vaughan Davies, M.P. Mr. Lloyd added that there was a deputation there from the district to support him. Mr. John Jones, Felinfach, in seconding, said he understood that the councJ had a member who represented them on the board of Directorate, namely, Mr. J. M. Howell, of Aberayron. Had he done his best to safeguard the interests of the greatest number? It was feared that his enthu- siasm had been overshadowed by his association with land magnates (laughter). Mr. Jones, Cilcennen, pointed out that1 the county had contributed one quarter of the capital, and he supported Mr. Lloyd's motion. I Mr. Vaughan Davies, M.P., stated that they all knew what enormous difficulties Mr. Harford had I got over in carrying this scheme through, and they all knew that its success was due to him, therefore it was painful to him (the speaker) to have to throw obstacles in his way, but he had received petitions from 300 farmers and trades people of the district in favour of the siding at Penwern. The Light Railway Act was intended for the good of the dis- trict through which it ran. The Great Western Railway people had treated this as if it were a main line. A great deal of money had been found by the county, and they must remember also that every district had a seperate rate, so that the dis- tricts the line went through were double rated. They had, therefore, a double call upon them I that they should have extra facilities. The Board of Trade were willing to concede to proposals. The secret of the whole business was, they had to con- tend against the Great Western Railway officials, and they must be made to understand that when they go on with a Light Railway they had not subscribers of a main line to deal with but little local ratepayers, and that they were bound to give them the facilities they paid for. He main- tained that the Council would be justified pre- venting the further advance from being paid until they got an undertaking from the G.W.R. officials that this siding would be made. He thought they were right, when they put a representative of the council on the Light Railway Directorate to ask him how it was that he had not insisted upon what the people in the distrct in question desired. They had a right to ask him why he had not fought their battle and why he had not gone to the council to ask the members to back him UD. If they once cave way to officials they might as well give up light railways, became they would not set officials to fall in with the requirements of the little local- < ify- > Mr. J. M. Howell, in defence. stated\hat he had acted according to his judgment and was quite willing to relinquish his position If they did not consder he had been fathful. He thousrht he had studied the genera! interests of the county If the company had thought it necessary to put a station on the spot suggested they would have done so. They could not have two stations within a mile and a quarter ofc one another without going against the financial interests of tho people of that county. WHAT THE DEPUTATION BELIEVED. A deputation from tho distri(.t was now recpivcd. Mr. Daniel Jenk;ns, Pentrefelin, V dinfach, being the chief speaker. Mr. Jenkins said: ,.1 humbly ask your indulgence for a few minutes only. I lack the eloquence of n Peter,' and. the 2>ersis- tency of a C.M. We do not apologise for our presence here to-day. ^to put our case before you. It appears a difficulty has arisen with regard to the
meaning put to the words 'Halt' and 'Station.' I have come here to say Halt till we get a siding at Penwern. I have followed, and taken a small part in the different steps taken by the council towards the construct.on of the Lampeter and Aberayron Light Railway. Yon will pardon me for referring to my Mfd-Aeron notes. I want to be particularly careful lest I should say anything which I could not substantiate and verify. If you will allow me as a schoolmaster, I should like to give a most element- ary lesson in the geography of the (Mid. and Upper Aeron) District. I am glad to say that D-rector Howell has quite lately gone through a short course, and I need not remind you that Mr Vaughan Davies, Mr. Harford, and Mr. Fosset Roberts have graduated in the geography of the county. Com- parison is invidious, but excusable in stating our claims for Penwern. For those to go to Ystrad will be "mofyn dur dros afon," and make their journey 2 miles longer and carriage of goods. I heard no mention of Ystrad as a halt even, unt.l it was de- cided to build the track below the main road. Thio is an improvement say the directors. I say it is not. If it had followed the original plan there would be no necessity to go to Swansea and Dis- trict for ballast, they would find plenty in the track itself. The view from the train has been spoilt, as well as the Brynog Drive. They have expended quite unnecessary capital at Ystrad. A bargain has been made and in my opinion the directors have come out second best. If we are not careful, the same mistake will be made as was made in the loca- tion of Bettws, Derry Ormond, on the M. & M. I need not dwell upon this point to the Aberystwyth members. They have a good idea of the heavy traffic in goods and passengers at Derry Ormond. Penywern was the first station promised. I used tho word station in the general sense, as a "h!tl't" is quite a late introduction into our district vocabu- lary. I believe as to the matter of "gradient," we can say "let it slide." Let Mr. Howell ride a bi- cycle te'll find the gradient. We have come here to-day to sav up the hands of our two representa- tives Councillor Jones and Alderman Lloyd-to corroborate and endorse every statement made by them in this matter. We have every confidence in them, and they are well able to voice the wishes of the d'etrict. Some of you, gentlemen, remember the time when Nantcwnlle was represented by a very quiet and diffident member, but, to be up to date, we have lately gone in for two Dreadnoughts, the most recently introduced guns-of good calibre— and not easily choked. Now, gentlemen, I trust you will recognise the necessity of, and the benefit that will be secured by the Upper Aeron district by the completion of the authorized scheme, as understood by the Council, when it promised its support and co-operation at the start in 1901, and most decidedly a station at Penywern. The Lam- peter and Aberaeron Lisht Railway will be a last- ing monument to Mr. Harford's energy and pluck. Let us not deface it at the centre by a "Halt" by building a "shantv" at Penwern. Hearing so much talk of Penywern Station and the' directors" recent proposal, puts me in mind of the late "Wat. cvn Wvn" when listening to the very long sermon of the ministers of Penywern, Dowlais, in the anniversary meetings at Deri, and .when he re- peated silently to a friend at his elbow the fol- lowing englyn in broad Welsh— "Penywern yn pannu arni-yn wyr gam Heb un argoel tewi; D o hwn, wel dyma hi— Rhoi dwr ar odfa'r Deri." After much discussion, in which it was pointed out that the council iould not withdraw their finan- cial support from the railway, Mr. Lloyd's motion was carried, and Mr. Vaughan Davies requested to see the G.W.R. Company with a view of meeting the district if possible. INVITATION TO A BOARD OF AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER. A Board of Agrculture Commissioner is to be invited to confer with and advise the council on the administration of the Small Holdings Act. SHEEP SCAB. S Mr. Edwin Morgan, vet. surgeon, Tregaron, is. to be employed to undertake the inspection of any cases of sheep scab arising within Tregaron union where the services are required. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENTS. The Common Seal of the council was ordered to. be affixed to a morgtage to the Publ-c Works Loan Commissioners to secure the sum of £2,12 for im- provements to Bronant, Chancery, Borth, and Gwenlli Council Schools, and also to a mortgage to secure £ 2,900, the price of Cwmcynon farm. Llandisiliogogo, which had been acquired for small holding purposes. The Common Seal was Ikewise ordered to be affixed to a counter part lease of Dolchenog farm, for small holding purposes, from Mr. T. J. Waddingham to the council, for 35 years,, 4! at the yearly rent of JE80.