3rin -AL X:D430"%r3E33EL -= GROWN STORES =- Tr^r\ jO i"" nTO begs to call attention to his large and varied stock in his different „ It L3lL It I Departments, viz.:— GLASS AND CHINA. IRONMONGERY OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. I GROCERY OF ALL KINDS AT LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES. BAKERY & CONFECTIONERY A SPECIALITY POSTING AND MOTOR CARS ON HIRE. AGENT FOR THE CELEBRATES FORD CABS. T. R.'s Challenge, although allowed to run 21 days as to this car, was not taken up, thus proving its superiority. ^—
I FARM MANAGEMENT I AND VETERINARY QUERIES. RAIN WATER. The. question has sometimes been asked by corres- pondents about the storage of rain water for farm- yard purposes such as the watering of livestock, dairy work, etc., etc. As far as purity goes, rain water is the best we can have if the roofs are fairly clean, and the atmosphere not too near a manufac- turing town. It is of course generally ''soft, that is, free from mineral matter in solution, and would be rarher insipid for drinking purposes. The greatest drawback, however, would be the storage of the same. There would be no lack of water at various times of the year-for we must remember that, all our water, derived from springs, or wells, or streams, was rain-water at one time—and the amount that falls during the year on even a limited area is veiy large. With a rainfall of 25 inches, every acre re- ceives over 500,000 gallons in a year, so that quite a large amount could be obtained from the roofs of an ordinary homestead. It would require a pond of abour a fourth of an acre in extent, however, and 10 fRet deep to hold all the water that falls on an acre during the year with the above rainfall, though as the rain does not all fall at once, and the supply is successive, as also is its use, a smaller pond would do. POND OR TANK. It pretty much resolves itself into a question of a pond versus a tank. If the sofl is porous, so that it would not hold water, but require to be made up with concrete walls or puddled bottom, then it would probably be best to find well water or gravitation pipe water. But where the soil is retentive, and. there is perhaps a small pond already in existence, then it is worth while considering the feasibility of excavating a hole large enough to hold a supply to tide over a dry period. Aïi the rain water or other drains must of course be led into the same, while thn sewage must be kept out of it. This need not be such an expensive job as some may think: the writer made a pond of this sort by putting a dam across a hollow, and excavating the rest. with the ordinary farm hands after harvest. As a con- tractor's job it would have cost J650, but as part of the farm work it cost much less, while it held enough drain and surface water to supply a dairy refrigerator, and all the cows and stock on a large farm over five months of drought. MORNING VERSUS EVENING MILK. There is an idea abroad that if cows are milked at unequal periods of the day, night, and morning, that therefore the morning milk is poorer in solids, es- pecially fat, than that of the evening. The belief is current that this poorness is due to this irregular milking and that if equal periods were adopted then the analyses of the milk would be equalized. The writer would like to point out that this is an entire fallacy. In his youth he was accustomed to see the cows milked at the same hour night and morning to ;i minute, but yet the morning's milk was always poorer than that of the evening. Why this is so is one of the mysteries of nature: one would expect that owing to the quiet and comfort of the night- time either on the pasture in summer or in a warm byre in winter the best milk would be secreted in the morning, but as it is things happen the other way about, and nothing we can do will prevent this. It is probably correct to assume that the more unequal the milking periods the more unequal will be the analyses: to give actual figures—if the cows are milked at say 5 a.m. and 2 p.m. the cowmen will contrive to make these times equal to eight hours between the milkings in the day-time and sixteen during the night. The milk under such circum- stances will generally show over 4 per cent. of fat with the afternoon milk and generally under 3 per cent. with the morning supply. This means, of course, that the farmer is constantly liable to prose- cution. and cannot help himself. The difference between the two samples may be reduced by equalis- ing the tii-nes as nearly as possible, but it will never quite disappear. There does not seem to have. been any trials or "official" tests made on this point, but we have gained a certain amount of knowledge on the subject in various ways, and we cannot get rid of the difference in these analyses by any kind, f iiient. SHEEP PASTURED There is a feeling among the owners of the flocks Oil our hills that these do not yield so much mutton and wool as they used to do. though perhaps The land is still carrying the same number of scores of sheep. 1/' lowland country such a state of matters can- not happen whether the sheep are folded or allowed the range of several fields: they are most probably being fed with artificial food, or the land is being manured somehow, so that the fertility is kept up. On the hills and mountains of our country, however, it is impossible to give the sheep artificial food, even if it were desirable to do so, and it is equally impossible to manure the land, so that means have t) be taken to improve the latter in some other way. The great improvement of our hill pastures in the past has been draining—the cutting of open trenches up and down the wet places—and these "sheep drains" have always been one of the best permanent improvements on-a hill farm. It is remarkable, how- ever. though this has been practised for two genera- tions now, what a large area there is still to do. or how far from completeness the draining is on any given farm. Next to draining is liming, and there is a remarkable concensus of opinion as to the good that liming has done in-the past where ii could be practised. This is of course impossible on steep hill- sides. and can only be carried out in the valleys cr level parts between the hills, but the use of a small quantity of ground quick-lime, put on with a machine, has given such good results on arable land that it is worth the attention of the hill farmer. Heather burning has always been a fertile source cf quarrelling between the game tenant and the farm 'tenant. The game tenant is usually a man who 'knows or cares nothing about farming, and all that hangs thereby, but who wants to make a big bag in the shooting season, and therefore looks with a sus- picious eve on everything the farmer and his shep- lierds do. Bracken cutting does not seem to do -tytticli permanent good. We come back to draining again, and especially to the cleaning-out cf pre- viously made ditches every six or seven years: they Beem to have more effect after cleaning out than when first made. In peat they mu-t not lie too close together, however, or else they will kill the Draw- 'bent" (Sphagnum) and Moss-crop (Eriphorum) on which the sheep live Hi the early spring before the grass grows. In other words while on ordinary soil the sheep drains may be open trenches some ten yards apart, on the peaty land they may be as wide 1\ 30 yards: if closer they would drain the moss too •much, and thus kill those spring-growing plants. LUCERNE. This is a crop that is coming more and more to the front, especially in the south, for it is one that is practically independent of drought of surface, con- 41ilions, and which can be cut for hay or forage several times in a season. Its natural region is of course the warm dry counties of southern Europe and South America, and it prefers a calcareous Boil or one with some marl in it which has been recently limed, but it gives comparatively splendid results in fliir own country. long strong roots penetrate down several feet, find out any lime present in the soil and render the crop independent of summer rain. The seed may be sown in several ways: it ".ay v,0 drilled in on a clean seed bed after a fallow ""III with from 15 to .30 lbs. per acre. where if is in- tended to hoe the land afterwards: it may he broad- casted on such land, a preferable system, as there J" less room left for weeds to show; or it mav be in- cluded in a grass mixture. A HEAVY CROP. The writer has followed this latter plan for many years with success and can recommend it. He began1 with three pounds per acre in a 40 lb. mixture, but lias increase the allowance as the years passed till now 81bs. in a 241b. mixture is what he has arrived at, ami has used this year. The more of the lucerne in the mixture the better- the succeeding crop looks, for if There are only a few straggling plants of lucerne showing up after the hay crop is off the fields looks ragged. A crop of lucerne alone is reckoned to hold the land for from 5 to 8 years, but the writer found that. the plants grow and the roots thicken continuously in a grass mixture and there is no limit to its growth. It produces a Jarge bulk of rich forage or hay, so rich that barley or maize must be fed with it instead of cottoncake. while the cutting of it from two to four times in a season torals up to a heavy yield.
MARKETS GRAIN. NEWPORT., Wed., July 13.—A fairly good trade was passing on 'Change here to-day. Wheat was firm, and Is to Is 6d dearer on the week, conse- quent upon the shortage in the American spring crops. This also affected flour, which showed about the same advance. Maize met a good inquiry at 6d dearer on the week. Barley and oats were firm, and slightiy dearer. Milling offal was in good demand, with an increase of 2 6d per ton on the week. CATTLE. NEWPORT, Wed.. July 13.—A moderate supply of cattle was offered here to-day. Sheep, lambs, and calves were fewer than has been the case re- cently. Late prices were well maintained, and generally there was a good trade passing. Quota- tions :—Best beef nd to 8d per Ih, seconds, t.d to 7d. best Irish cattle nd. seconds 7d to 7d, cows 4 6d to 6id. besr wether mutton 7Ad to 8d. ewe 6d to 63d. lamb 9d. calves 8d to 9id. Pigs—porkers lis 3d to lls 9d per score. CATTLE. LT.ANDILO BRIDGE, Monday. July 18th.—'The usual fortnightly sale of stock was held at the Llan- dilo Bridge Auction "Mart to-day, when Messrs. J. Howell Thomas and Sons. auctioneers. Carmarthen, disposed of the following stock:-73 fat cattle, which went most readily, best bullocks making from £ 17 to £19 apiece. A good many fine heifers realised from £ 13 to -6 apiece, and trade in this depart- ment was very brisk, the demand being very much greater than the supply. There were 300 fat sheep and tat lambs, all of which went at better prices than of late, the best lambs making 5d. per Tb. and realizing from 27s. to 30s. each. About 90 fat pigs and porkers were sold. the latter going readily, the best porkers making from 45s. to 55s. apiece. There was a great demand for the 30 fat calves offered, ■ « best fetching from JB3 to jB3 10s. each, the average price being JE2. Taking it all through trade was brisk, and an exceTient clearance "was effected. The total amount realized was £ 1,150. CHEESE. NEWPORT. Wed., July. 13.—There was rather a small supnly offered here to-day, the pitch only reaching ifve tons. A brisk demand brought about a speedy clearance at unchanged prices. Quotations. —Caerphillvs 48s to 54s iwr cwt, fancy dairies 55s to 5os, singles 52s to 56s. Cheddars 63s. and truckles 56s to 65s. BUTTER. CORK. Wed., July 13.—Firsts 90s, thirds 87s, superfine 92s. choicest box, 94s, fresh from 93s to 98s per cwt. PROVISIONS. WHITLAND, Fri., July 15.—There was only a small attendance, owing to the busy hay harvest, QuotationsButter in casks lOd to 10d per lb, while butter in pound roils averaged 10d to lid; eggs 14 for Is, rabbits 7d to 7 d each, live fowls; 5s to 5s 6d per couple, whilst dressed poultry was 9^d to lOd per lb# NEWCASTLE-EMLYN. Fri., July 15.—There was only a smail attendance to-day, the farmers being in the middle of the hay harvest, but trade was very brisk. There was a good supply of butter in cask at 9Jd, and a larger supply of butter in unsaited lumps at lOd. and a small supply in pound rolls fetched from lOd to Is per lb; eggs in great demand from 7s to 7s 6d per 120: young fowls were scarce at 5s to 6s, and old ditto also scarce at 3s 6d to 4s per couple: ducks in great demand and scarce at 5s per couple, or 6d per lb alive. The hot weather affected the porker trade, but the de- mand has improved lately, 7s per score; weaners were srill scarce and dear from 17s to 25s each, i Sheep a slow trade, with demand not, great, from 2d to 3d per lb; lambs a good trade, and there was plenty of supply at 32d per lb. Calves also a 4 good trade, but good quality lambs were scarce, frolll 3d to 4d per lb. Thl" demand for fat bulls wis poor, from 27s to 30s per CWI. A small supply of wool was sold from lid to Is per lb. LLANDILO, Sa- July 16.—The market to-day was the smallest, that has been held for many years. Quotations:—Fresh butter Is Ud per lb, tub ditto ls OAd per lb; eggs Id each, duck ditto l^d each; cheese—Y\ elhli 6d per lb. cream and Caerphilly 8d per lh; poultry—live chickens 5s 9d and 6s per oouplie. trussed ditto 3s 6d and 3s 9d each, old fowls lid per lb (trussed), trussed ducks ls 2d ner lb, live ditto 3s each; lish-salmon 2s 3d ner lb. sewin Is 9d. trout Is per lb. Flannel—White Is, shirting Is. boys' width lid per yard, costume flannel 2s 9d per yard, blouse flannel Is 3d per yard, serge Is 6d. apron flatial 2s per yard, costume cloth from 3s to 3s 6d per yard; wool—white and grey in and our the grease 2s per lb, black (Welsh) 2s 6d and 2s 8d per lb. best black 3" to 3s 6d per lb. CARMARTHEN. Sat., July 16. -Quotations:- Butter—cask 103 d to lid per lb. fresh 13d to 14d; -1 dressed poultry—fowls 5s 6d to 6s 9d per couple, ducks 3s to 3s 6d each; eggs, 12 for Is; cheese, 25s per cwt. July 19.-Ratfiei- a better attendance than last wek. the bulk of the ewrlv hav harvest being over in this neighbourhood. There were increased supplies, and brisk business was done at slightly higher prices for butter in bulk, eggs, and pigs, porkers showing an advance of 3d. per score, while weaners Clitteis) there was a fair supply. but hardly enough for the demand. Quotations:- Eggs, 8s. per 120 (an Advance of 6d.): poultry- young chickens (fair supply and lower price) sold ft 6d to 6id per lb and 2s to 3s 6d per couple accord- ing to weight, old couples 2s to 2s 9d per couple, ducks 6d to 7d per lb. averaging 4s 6d and 5s per couple, dressed poultry-oung- chickpns 10d to Is per lb and ducks Is to Is 3d: butter (fresh lumps from factory) 11 to 10d (for best), salt butter (very little offered) 10d pound rolls (scarce) Is per lb. Live stock: — Sheep (shorn) 2d to 3d, yearling sheep 3d to 3id, lambs 3d to 4d: calves 3d to 3d per lb: 2 2 2 fat cattle for beef still very scarce—heifers and bullocks 32s to 33s. fat bulls 28 to 30s, and fat cows 255 5d to 26" per cwt: pigs—porkers 7s and 7s 3d per score, \panpr5 £1 ls to El 5s per head. NEWCASTLE-EMLYa' FAIR.-The attendance at Newcastle-Emlvn July Fair on Thursday in last week wfis poor, owing to the suitable weather pre- it vailing for haymaking, and ttiose present left by mid-day. The number of animals nr^sent were few, but there was a good demand for everything. Cows with calves were scarce, from £10 to £14 each, audlttidafitir sale. Fat cattle were also scarce, •md there were no bulls. Fat cows fetched 26s to 30s per cwt, yearlings fro., JS5 to 28, and two- year-old cattle from jB8 to Ell. There was a good supply of colts, which were selling well—yearling from jE7 to JS12. and two-vear-old from L14 to 217. There wera a few nigs at 7s per score.
LOCAL POLICE COURTS. CARMARTHEN COUNTY SATURDAY, July 16th.-Before Mr. F. Dudley Wil- liams-Drummond, Hafodneddyn (chairman); Mr. J. LI. Thomas, Gitfach; Mr. L. 'A. L. Evaus, Pauty- cendy, and Mr. D. L. Jones, Derhvyri. EVIL COMMUNICATION ——— John Davies, tinman, Pensarn. was summoned by P.C. D. W. Wiiliams with being drunk and dis- orderly on the 8th inst., at 11.45 p.m. Defendant pleaded "Guilty," and said that he had. a little drop too much, and did not remember what happened. He had a wife and family, and it was for their sake that he wished to be dealt with leniently. Supt. Jones said that defendant did not usually drink, but got into bad company that day. He was fined 2s. 6d. and costs. The Chairman said there was nothing like bad company for getting respectable people into trouble. HAY-MAKING BETTER THAN BEER. P.C. Williams charged John Jones, tinman, St. Catherine-street, Carmarthen, with being drunk on 'the 9th inst. Defendant was found asleep in Sricklebach. Defendant said that he was returning home from hay-making and went to sleep in a field. He was lined 2s. 6d. and costs, the Chairman say- ing that it. had been better had he stuck to the hay. WANTED TO SHAKE THE SERGEANT'S HAND. Edward Rogers, labourer, Joncs's-place, Tlie Quay, Carmarthen, was summoned by P.S. Avilliams with being drunk on Sunday on Pensarn Crossing. The Sergeant said that defendant had come back from Ferrysido 011 the evening in question and went up to the witness and wanted to shake hands with him. but was ordered away. Defendant said that, he had been a good boy lately. He had been to the Ferry and had been on the cider, after which he went on to beer. He had not touched beer for three months before that. The Chairman—You never seem to touch it ex- cept on the days that the constable sees you. Are there any previous convictions? Supt. jones—Not in this court. The Chairman—That is the best you can say Yes, sir. Defendant was fined 2s. 6d. and costs. INSUFFICIENCY OF EVIDENCE. John Jones, labourer, late of New Inn, Pencader, was charged with housebreaking at Pentreinawr, Lianpumpsaint, on the 12th ult. Air. James John, solicitor, Carmarthen, appeared for the prosecution. James Thomas, farmer, Pentrcmawr Farm, Lian- pumpsaint. said that at 6.15 on Sunday, the 12th ult., lie went to Rhydargaeau Chapel. Before leaving he saw that all the windows and doors were securely fastened. He returned home at 8.15. He unlocked the door. and, with his famiiy, entered the house, and his wife went upstairs, and subsequently came down and gave him some information, in conse- quence of which witness looked over the house. He found that the window of the dairy, which con- sisted of perforated tin, had been broken, the zinc part had been bent back and put back again. He went .upstairs.and .found .between JE8 and JB9 missing from the boxes of his sons and 5s. from a drawer in witness's room. He knew the 5s. was there because he got some money to go to chapel. The locks of the boys' clothes-boxes and of the drawer in wit- ness's room were brokert. Witness informed the police. On the following day witness saw Miss Diana Thomas, of the Blue Bell Inn, who gave him some information, in consequence of which he went to a hayiield' OIl his farm and one on his neigh- bour's field, where he found tracks of someone having passed through to his field. There were also signs of someone having sat down by the hedge. This was between 200 yards and 300 yards from his house. Witness had known defendant as a little boy. He was a native of the place. Mary Thomas, daughter of James Thomas, Blue Bell Inn, Rhydavgaeau, deposed to seeing defendant at 3.40 an the 12tli ult. reading a book whilst walk- ing on Pontrhvdcoch Bridge, which was about half- a-mile from Rhydargaeau village. He had an over- coat over his shoulders .and a cap on his head. Wit- ness called at Fountain Cottage and on her return passed defendant some distance further up the road. He was then walking slowly towards Pentremawr. This was about 4.45. Witness was not sure that defendant had been lodging with an aunt of hers at GwauiKcae-gurwen. Cross-examined by defendant—Witness did not see defendant leave the main road. By the Bench—When witness met defendant on the 12th she thought she recognised him as one who had been lodging with her aunt, but was not .sure. Diana Thomas (sister of the last witness) remem- bered seeing a man standing by a gate on the road facing Pentreinawr Farm about 4.40 on the 12th ult. The farm could be seen from the gate, and was only three fields away. When witness came near the man she could not see his face very plainly. He said, "What is the name of that farm over yonder?'' pointing to Pentremawr Farm. Witness told him that it was Pentremawr Farm, and he replied, ''Thank you." Witness corroborated her sister as to his dress. When witness returned to the gate in about an hours' time the man had gone. Witness had identified defendant from among others as being the man she saw. David Davies, farmer and carpenter., Cwmhawdd- gar, Abergwili, said that his farm was about a mile through the fields to Pentremawr. He was in his house between 7.30 and 7.45 on th<e 12th ult. He heard a noise of someone running along the path from the main road from Pentremawr, and looking out of the window he saw a man walking past. lie had an overcoat on his shoulder. It wa s- not the time to come out of chapel, and witness thought it I n e rather odd to see a man coming that way, and witness was going straight in the direction of Aber- gwili. Defendant was like the man who he saw, but lie would not he certain that he sras the man he íia as he only saw him through the window. There was another boy very like him, and that came to his mind when he saw him. John Thomas, farmer, Tynewydd Farm. Aber- gwiji, also spoke to seeing prisoner at 8.15 on the evening of the 12rh ult. Witness was walking very quickly from the direction of Rhydargaeau. He had a brown overcoat on his arm. Defendant asked witness for a match, and witness gave him some. Defendant took his right hand out of his trousers pocket, and witness heard the clink of money. De- fendant, was looking very warm, and was sweating badly. Witness liad identified defendant at the Carmarthen county police-station, and he was then wearing a different pair of boots to those which, he had on when witness saw him before. Supt. Jones said that on rhe 9th inst. he re- ceived defendant into custody from the Amman- ford police. He placed him among 14 other young men, when he was identified by all the witnesses. Witness then charged him with breaking and enter- ing and stealing 28, and cautioned him. Defendant made no reply. The Bench were of opinion that there was in- sufficient direct evidence to associate defendant with th" commission of the crime, and discharged him. The court ther -ose.
CARMARTHEN BOROUGH MOVDAY, July 18th.—Before the Mavor (Alderman Wa 1 ter Lloyd. Lammas-street); Mr. Walter Spur- rell. King-street; Mr. James Davies, Ucheldir. LICENSING. ll", Ann Morgan, Angel Inn, was granted an occasional licence for the selling of intoxicants in the Park on the occasion of the August Bank Holi- day attractions. OBSERVED HIS BAIL. Wm. Roberts, printer, Swansea, was charged by P.C. Thomas Rees with being drunk on the previous Saturday night. The constable said that defendant, who he found asleep, was very drunk. Supt. Smith said that defendant, who had been bailed out, mad", no trouble about appearing. Half of those who were bailed out did not appear. Defendant was dismissed, this being his first offence. USE OF BAD LANGUAGE. P.C. Llewellyn charged Alice Hughes, Mill-street, with using obscene language on the 13th inst.. The constable said that he heard a disturbance in Mill-street on the evening in question. Defendant was standing in front of her house and was using most filthy and obscene language towards her hus- band, who was inside. Defendant denied the offence. She was never out- side her house. She saw the policeman putting the bui1's-eve un to the window when she was in bed. She only got up to open the door lor her husband. Defendant was fined 2s. 6d. and costs. THE DRINK. David Rees, Trimsaran, was charged with being drunk in King-street on the 27th inst. P.C. Williams proved the case, and said that when asked for his name and address defendant refused to give it. He subsequently did so at the police-station. Defendant was fined 2s. 6d. and costs. BIG COST TO THE GUARDIANS. Mr. John Saer, clerk to the Guardians, applied for a maintenance order against John Evans, late of the Welsh Regiment, Hendrewenyn-road, Blaen- CWIIl, in respect of his three children. Defendant, who did not appear, wrote saying rhat he had got no money to come, and wished tho case to be adjourned for a week. This Mr. Saer objected to, as defendant earned JE1 9s. 6d. per week, and had a military pension of 3s. 6d. per week, and on the 1st July received £25s. 6d. pension. Mr. Saer said that the defen- dant had been with his regiment in India and South Africa, leaving his wife and children in the Work- house until 1904, when the wife discharged herself, leaving the five children chargeable. The Guardians then took steps to assume control over the children in "loco parentis." Since discharging herself the mother's conduct was such that the Guardians could not compel her husband to maintain her. In 1907 the Guardians boarded out the children. Ths Guardians had paid 4s. per week for the boards and £2 a year for clothes. Altogether, the cost through the wife and children—two of whom were now no longer chargeable—was between JS400 and JC500, of which they had only received £25 maintenance. While in the Army the Guardians got the maximum amount of 6d. per day stopped from his pay to upport his family. Defendant was working at a colliery at Treherbert, and during the four weeks ending June 18th earned JB5 18s. which worked out at JE1 9s. 6d. per week, making with the 3s. 6d. per week £1 13s. per week. Mr. J. D. Evans, relieving officer, corroborated as to wages, etc. An order was made for 7s. 6d. per week. NON-ATTENDANCE AT SCHOOL. Mr. Thomas Walters, clerk to the Borough Edu- cation Committee, summoned David Williams, 17, Tabernacle-row, with neglecting to send his two children to school. Mr. John James, attendance officer, said that one of rhe children, Elizabeth, aged 13, attending the Model and Practising School, had during the six weeks ending July 8th only made 18 out of a possible 55 attendances, thus missing 37 times. The child had been sent home from school on account of her unclean condition, and had been kept home by her father, who made no effort to keep her clean. This defendant's sister, who appeared on his behalf, denied. A second child, May, aged 11 years, working in the 4th standard at the Pentrepoth School, had, during the same period, only made 35 out of a possible 56 attendances. Defendant's sister said that the child Elizabeth had been kept home because she was ill. Defendant was fined 5e. and costs in respect to May, and the case of Elizabeth was adjourned for a. week in order that defendant should procure a certificate from Dr. Harries as to her condition. A similar complaint was made against William Evans, 21, Tabernacle-row, about his child Margaret May, aged 11 years, working in the 4th standard at the Pentrepoth School. Out of 56 possible attend- ances she had only made 44. Her attendance previous to the stated period had been very irregu- lar. Defendant had been fined in 1909 for a similar offence. He was now fined 5s. and costs. Herbert Rogers was similarly charged as to his child Thomas (11), attending Priory-street School, where he was in the 5th standard. Only 35 out of a possible 54 attendances had been made. His daughter* Iris, working jn the 2nd standard in the same school, had made 41 out of 54 attendances. A fine of 5s., including costs, in each ease was made. There was a similar summons against Sarah Clark, with regard to .her ison Nelson (11), attending the 4th standard at the Priory-street School, who out of a possible 54 attendances, had only made ,36.- Defendant had been warned 17 times. Defendant said that the boy had been ill, and she had no money to pay a doctor. She was fined 2s. 6d. and costs. The court then rose.
LLANDILO SATURDAY, July 16th.—Before Col. J. D. Lloyd, Pare Henri, and Mr. H. Jones-Thomas, Penrhos. STRAYING GRUNTERS. Oakley Richards, Maerdy Farm, was charged with allowing swine to stray on the highway. P.C. Walter Evans, in proving service of sum- mons, said defendant admitted that the pigs were his, and wished to plead "Guiity." He regretted being unable to attend personally, as he was work- ing at the Jiay. Joseph Williams, mail-car driver between Llan- diio and Llansawel, said that on the 27th of last month, near the Maerdy, whilst he was driving, the horse, frightened by the pigs, shied to the grass, and the wheel went into a deep gutter, the trap upset, and witness was thrown over the hedge. This, was about a quarter of a mile from Maerdy. Fined Is. and costs. THEFT OF COAL. Harriet Davies, Ffairfach, Llandilo, was charged with stealing Qoal. P.C. Walters deposed that about 4.20 a.m., on the 29th of last month, he saw defendant coming from Llandilo Bridge Railway Station Yard. She had in her possession two lumps of coaL Defendant said she had no coal in the house, and was unable to purchase any, and begged to be let free this time. About 6.45 p.m. bo. the same date, accom- panied by P.C. Morgan, he charged the defendant with stealing the coal, weighing 311bs., and valued at 6d., the property of Mr. R. T. Evans, coal mer- chant, Llandilo. Defendant admitted the offence, and said she did not want to tell any lies. The Chairman said that, being poor, the plea now urged by defendant was no excuse. However, they would deai leniently with her this time, and fine her 30s. inclusive. USING INDECENT LANGUAGE. W111. Evans, a farm hand, was charged with the above offencej Elizabeth Lewis, servant at Brondeilo, deposed to defendant and some other young men passing the farm on Saturday evening, 11th of June. Defen- dant and the others returned about 1 o'clock on Sunday morning, and knocked at witness's bedroom window. She got out of bed, and identified the defendant, who used the language complained of. Defendant denied the offence, and said that he returned from Llangadock, where he had been about one o'clock in the morning, another way, viz., over Glanrhyd Railway Bridge. He was staying at. Glan- duiais at that time, which was about three-quarter of a mile from Brondeilo. Cross-examined by P.S. Jones, defendant denied that he admitted to him that he returned home at 3 o'clock on Sunday morning, and that others said tso in his presence. D.C.C. Evans asked the Bench to take serious notice of this case, as the police were constantly re- ceiving complaints of the annoyance caused in the district by young men acting in the way the de- fendant did. The Chairman said this kind of conduct must be put a stop to. Defendant had no business to use this filthy language. He would be fined 10s. and costs. The same defendant was charged with smashing a pane of glass in one of the windows at Brondeilo on the same occasion. Elizabeth Lewis, the maid-servant, again gave evidence. She said that when defendant and the other men returned at one o'clock in the morning defendant broke a pane of glass in her window and two panes in her master's bedroom. The stones fell on her master's bed. P.S. Jones deposed to visiting Brondeilo, and to the last witness pointing out a window in which a pane of glass had been broken. He valued it at least at Is. The tenant of the farm, an old gentleman, who was hardly able to walk, said the de- fendant and others broke three panes of glass in the windows at his house. They also damaged some chestnut trees he had planted by cutting off the tops. Defendant knocked the windows "all over the place." He could not say exactly what the other men did. A stone was thrown through the window and right on to witness's bed. Defendant denied breaking the windows, and said he was not near the place at the hour mentioned. The Chairman said defendant would have to pay ls. for the damage to the window and the costs. FISHING WITHOUT A LICENCE. Joshua Evans was charged with fishing for trout without a licence. \V dter-bauilt John Thomas said that on the 4th of June he saw defendant, fishing in the River Clannen, near Trapp. He watched him for a while, and on witness going round towards him he heard the remark, "Here's the water-bailiff coming, and defendant handed the rod to another man. Witness asked defendant for his licence. He said he hadn't got one. Defendant at first refused to give his name and address, but on the other man telling him not to be foolish, he gave the informa- tion. He was fined 5s. and costs. RIDING WITHOUT A LIGHT. Thomas Davies, Pontlash, was charged with riding a bicycle without a light. D.C.C. Evans said that an agent called with him on behalf of the defendant on the previous night, expressed defendant's regret for what had occurred, and hoped the Bench would deal with the case in his absence, as he was unable to attend that dav. P.C. Morgan said he saw defendant ride a bicycle at Llangadock without a light. He called upon him to stop, but he refused, tried to pass witness, and in doing so fell off his machine. Questioned by witness, defendant said he had a light when he left Llanwrda. He examined the lamp, and found that it was not in proper order. Fined 5s. and costs. ALLEGED THEFT OF A LAMB. Morgan Morgan. Llwynyrin. was charged by Rees Witll anis, Caethilas Farm. Llanfvnvdd, with steal- ing a lamb, valued at 27s. Defendant had been in custody since Monday, and now came up on remand. Mr. J. Bishop aplwared for the prosecution, and Mr. T. G. Williains, Llandilo, defended. Mr. Bishop, in opening the case, -,aid defendant was charged under the Act of 1861. The offence with which defendant was charged was considered in olden days serious enough to merit the infliction at capital punishment, and even now it was serious enough to put the Bench in the position that if thev thought a "ptima facie" case was made out, that they had no alternative but to commit the prisoner tor trial by a jurv. He then called Rees Williams, owner and occupier of Caethilas Farm, Llanfynydd, who said: "On Sunday night, 10th of July, about 9.45 n.in., I was returning from divine service at Abergorlech. When I got near Caethilas Farm I heard a dog about three fields above the hous.e. I got to the field where my sheep were grazing. I saw a dog sitting in about the middle of the field. I was in the next held. I could not see the end where the sheep were grazing. The dog was the one kept at Llwvnrin. I saw the sheep all together in the top of the field adjoining the one I was in. A man was collecting the sheep together and trying to catch one. He appeared to be after a particular one to get the best. I knew the man as Morgan Morgan, Liwvny- nn. He ran after the sheep for some time, and on to the other end of the field. I went round by the hedge. When defendant was in the corner next to me he caught a lamb. After he caught it he led it over two of my fields and into Llwynyrin field. I then lost siyljf of him. I was following when he was going after them over the field. I did not inter- fere out of fear of his uncle and on account of it being a Sunday night. There were 76 sheep grazing on the field. I had marked 13 of the lambs, as I intended taking them to Llandilo market. After Morgan went I tried to count the sheep, but failed to get them together, as it was getting late. At one time I was within three yards of Morgan, and when lie caught the lamb I was within 10 yards. It was a clear night, and the sheep were on a bank. Morgan wore a jacket. He is so wel-known to me I didn't think of his dress. About 4.30 the following morning I went with my son to reckon the sheep and missed one lamb, which had a long tail. I went to Llandilo market hoping to trace the lamb. On Monday morning I found a stick belonging to defendant, which had been stuck in the ground in the place where Morgan stuck it. I had a con- versation on the following day with Enoch Hum- phreys near Llandilo, and he said the stick was his. David Morgan is prisoner's uncle. I am on friendly terms with Llwynyrin people. The uncle spent some time in my house last Sunday night when the sheep were taken. I value the lamb at 27s. I subsequently gave information to the police. Cross-examined—There was only the thickness of the. hedge between me and defendant sometimes that Sunday night. I was about 10 yards away when I saw him take the lamb. He Was leading the lamb by the side and dragging ir. when it would not come. I let him take the lamb without shouting to him or anything. I had no doubt the man was stealing the lamb. I thought of looking for it at the Mart at Llandilo. The reason I did not go to the police that night was because it was Sunday, and I wanted to count them the following morning. I can't say whether I mark my lambs the same way as defendant's uncle. I mark them on the back of the head and loin, and there is also a mark on the left ear. I am friendly with defendant's unqle. I don't remember him sending me a bill (produced) for trespass in 1907. Witness—I never saw the bill (produced), nor did my wife tell me that she had had one. If one had been sent she would most likely show it. It is not a fact that I am jealous of defendant's uncle and want, his farm. There is a farm belonging to me on the other side of the uncle's farm. But it is not a fact that I require all their land. I have got plenty of land. Trespassing takes place between one farm and another sometimes. I looked for the lamb amongst defendant's sheep next morning, but could not find it. The police, so far as I know, failed to find any trace of it. It is I, not the police, who prosecute in this case. I know that defendant has been in custody since Monday night. I am a "snlendid" friend with the defendant. Mr. illiams—You have shown it by causing his arrest ? Witness—It was a light night, and sufficiently so for me to see the lamb. I asked my "son to go with me to fetch the lamb that night, but be re- fused. By the Bench—Why didn't you interfere when you were within 10 yards when he was taking your property?—I was afraid he had company. My son refused to come with me to fetcli the lamb that Sunday night because lie was afraid. Re-examined—I went to the Deputy Chief Con- stable's house early the following morning, about 10 o'clock, to give information, but he was not at home then." The court here adjourned. On the resumption of the hearing, evidence was given by Stephen Rees Williams, son of the prosecutor, who practically corroborated his father. He was not afraid of defendant. He was friendly with him. P.S. Jones gave evidence as to the arrest. De- fendant denied stealing the lamb, and said that this was the way the prosecutor was trying to get out of the debt that he owed for grazing on his uncle's land for six years. Mr. Williams. for the defence, submitted that the evidence was incomplete, and that defendant never did what was alleged. He further submitted that the parties were not on friendly terms, and that this case was brought because prosecutor wanted to get rid of the defendant's uncle from the farm, so that he might rent the land. He also referred as another ground for the unfriendliness between the parties to the bill defendant's uncle had sent the prosecutor for damages due to his animals straying on his land. He was trying to punish the uncle through the nephew. He put into the box the defendant, Morgan Mor- gan. who said he lived with his uncle and two aunts at Llwynyrin, Llanfynydd: "On Sunday, the 10th of this month, I had my dinner about 12.30 to 1 p.m. After dinner I was reading till about 3 o'clock. My uncle sent me to see the sheep before tea. which I had about 4.30. Then I read for about an hour. I afterwards dressed and went to chanel at Blaenwaun. I started from there about 8 o'clock, and was home about 8.30. I re- mained home till I had supper about 9 p.m., and went to bed at 9.30. I went to bed about half-an- hour before my uncie. I rose at 5 p.m. I was not out from the time I went into the house until then. It is not true that I stole a lamb on Sunday night. It is revenge for not paying a bill for the trespass of the sheep of Rees Williams two or three years ago. Rees Williams and my uncle are not friendly. I never speak to him. He never speaks to me sensibly, only some nonsense since that bill was sent in. When I was arrested bv P.S. Jones I said. "Oh, oh. I didn't do it." I told him I under- stood the law of sheep stealing. I had been read- ing it at school. I know that in the old days people were hung for stealing ^lieep. I say I am absolutely innocent." Anne Morgan, aunt of the defendant, said defen- dant came home from chapel about 9 o'clock and went to bed about half an hour later, before his unde came home. He slept in the barn! The case was dismissed, the magistrates being of opinion that there was no case to go before a jury.
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INVESTITURE OF PRINCE OF WALES In connection with the proposed scheme of In- vestiture of the Prince of Wales in the Principality on his attaining his majority, the agita- tion in favour of which is gaining in favour, the following may be of interest I understand that there is a movement afoot, supported by Earl Caw- dor, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and others. for the public installation of the Prince of Wales in his Principality (gays the London correspondent of the 'Daily Dispatch'). It is hoped to get the pleasure of the King upon the matter. An in- formal meeting has already been held in official quarters in London, at which were present a num- ber of prominent Welsh residents, and a statement was made which indicated that the King was favour, ably disposed to the plan. The whole matter is as yet in a purely informal stage, but. should the proposal for a public proclamation of hif: Royai Highness in Wales be decided on, it is not improb- able that the ceremony will be performed within the walls of Carnarvon Castle, associated in history, with the first Prince of Wales." WALES AND THE NEW COINAGE. The Chancellor of the Exchequer has informed Mr. D. A. Thomas. M.P. (according to a news agency), that the representation of Wales on the new coinage is under consideration.
PEMBROKESHIRE AND CARMARTHEN- SHIRE OTTER HOUNDs "A beautiful July day, best of company, and good sport." This describes last Thursdays run. The meet at Trewern, where everyone was wel- comed by Mr. and Mrs. Protheroe-Beynon. A etarfc was made just below the house, and tor some time everything was quiet. When we, however, reached Llanfaliteg Bridge iiounds at once hit off a good line, which was greeted by a prominent member of the hunt with "What did I tell you, Master?" This keen sportsman knew that a litter of cubs were born and bred there, and I believe, if he had really wanted to, he could have told us ali their thoughts. However, they were "'not at home" to- day, and we drew on past Login, and were just about to stop for lunch when Workman and Flyer spoke, and were very keen on the water. Her abouts there was a pipe leading from a big back- water into the river, and going under the raitwiy. All the hounds soon confirmed Workman's opinioo, and presently Dr. Thomas viewed our quarry (and lie does not as a rule mistake a salmon for an otter). He had been put out of the pipe by terrisrs, and was stealing up the backwater. He was plenty of law to enable him to get to the and not be "chopped." Soon he got into the stream, and went off down, with ths pack m hot pursuit. He frequently cut off the corners by going over land, and once was knocked over Ly two hounds, and instead of trying to regain the water lie proceeded to fight. On second thoug-uts, however, he again went for the river, and on down stream. Now, having, by a quick movement, shaken off the pack temporarily, he got out of the and went up the wood. Hounds were soon on his track, and as they crashed up the wood the musip was splendid. For about half-a-mile he to^K them up. and then doubled back and came headlong down the wood, which was very steep, with the leading hounds only about 20 yards behind him. Crashing into the river they went, but now the otter was badly in need of a rest and houpds gave him none. and soon he met his end in mid-etream after an extremely fast hunt. He was a dog otter of 251bs. Afterwards we partook of lunch, roost kindly provided by Miss Protheroe, and then drew on to Llanglvdwen. Amongst those out were the Master (Mr. D. G. Protheroe), Mr. E. S. Protheroe, Miss Protheroe. Mr. and Mrs. Protheroe-Bevnon, Mr. and Mrs. David Harrison, Major Glascott, Mr- A. R, Gery, the Misses Gerv, Dr. H. R. Lawrence, Mr. R. H. Harries, M.F.H., Captain and Mrs. Forbes. Captain and Mrs. Jordan. Col. Young, and several officers of the Welsh Regiment. Pembroke Dock, the Misses Penn. Mr. and Mrs. Howell, Mr. and Mrs. Williams. Mr. Olive, Dr. R. L. Thomas, Miss Hutchinson. Mr. and Mrs. Leslie, Mr. Cuth- bertson, Mr. Ivor Anthony, Miss Jones (Y.O.H.). 1r. E. A. H. Harries, the Messrs. Booker, Mr. Grismond Philipps, and several others. The thanks of the Hunt are due to the landowners and farmers, and also the water-bailiffs for keeping the otters so well on the Taf. No fewer than sir otters have been found on this river this season. I I,,
NEWCASTLE EMLYN THE SPORTS.-Tllere are very good nrosoecrs of successful sports here on Bank Holidav, and evi- dently the inclusion of a donkev race has met with interesting approval. Mr. C. D. Elias. as a secre- tary, hopes with the co-operation of the committee to make this year s sports a greater success thaa eyeT.