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DEATH OF LORD CARNARVON. We deeply regret to state that Lord Carnarvon, after several week's illness, died at half-past five o'clock on Saturday afternoon last. The deceased earl was surrounded by his family at the time, and the Queen and the Prince of Wales were at once apprised of the sad event. The Right Hon. Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert was the eldest son of the third earl by Henrietta Anna, daughter of Lord Henry T. Molyneux Howard, and was born on June 24, 1831. He was educated at Eton and at Christ Church, Oxford, where he had a most brilliant career. He graduated as a first-class in classics in 1852, and D.C.L. in 1859. Lord Carnarvon, who represented a younger branch of the noble house of Pembroke, succeeded to the title during his minority. Soon after taking his seat in the House of Peers he made his maiden speech, on which he was highly complimented by Lord Derby, who, in 1859, nominated him High Steward of the University of Oxford. He was Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies in Lord Derby's second Administration, 1858-9, and was appointed Secretary of State for the Colonies in Lord Derby's third Administration, June, 1866. As Secretary for the Colonies, it fell to Lord Carnarvon's lot in the Session of 1867 to propose in the House of Lords one of the most important and far-reaching of the schemes of policy which have distinguished Her Majesty's reign, that for accomplishing the confederation of the British North American Provinces, an Act which is quite enough in itself to render Lord Carnarvon's second term of office historical. Upon the introduction of the Conservative Reform Bill, Lord Carnarvon, with Lord Salisbury, then Lord Cranborne, and General Peel, quitted the Government, and remained out of office till the formation of Mr Disraeli's Ministry in 1874, when he was once more appointed Secretary of State for the Colonies, and once again it fell to his lot to carry out some of the most difficult work that can fall to the lot of an English Ministry—to complete the Ashantee war, which his prede- cessors had begun, to reorganise the Government of the Gold Coast, to abolish slavery in that region, to carry out the annexation of Fiji, and to find a solution of the long-standing difficulty with the Orange Free State and the Transvaal. He resigned his seat in the Cabinet, January 24, 1878, in consequence of his disagreement from his colleagues as to the policy of ordering the British fleet to proceed to the Dardanelles. His Lordship considered this to be a departure from the policy of neutrality which the Government had pledged themselves to preserve as long as neither of the belligerents infringed certain con- ditions which her Majesty's Government itself had laid down. Lord Derby, Foreign Secretary, tendered his resignation at the same time, but consented to resume his post after the order respecting the fleet had been countermanded and explanations had been made with his colleagues. It is generally understood that Lord Beacons- field pressed upon Lord Carnarvon the highest of all the appointments under the Crown—that of Viceroy of India—and if Lord Carnarvon had seen his way to accept the appointment, he would probably have left as strong a mark of his in- dividuality upon India as he left upon Canada and Africa but Lord Carnarvon, in declining India, accepted in Lord Salisbury's Government, in 1885 the appointment of lord-lieutenant of Ire- land, an appointment which he held from June, 1885, to January, 1886. Personally Lord Carnarvon's appointment was received with the greatest satisfaction in Ireland, but after the fall of Lord Salisbury's Administration a persistent effort was made by Mr Parnell and his friends to misrepresent one of the incidental acts of Lord Carnarvon's Viceroyalty-his interview with Mr Parnell. It is quite unnecessary to say that four-fifths of the statements made about that in- terview by the Parnellites, and which were en- dorsed by Mr Gladstone, were pure and un- adulterated fables but it may be as well to put clearly and distinctly upon record the conditions under which the Viceroy explicitly stated to Mr Parnell that he was acting in seeking this inter- view with him. "The three conditions upon which I stated to Mr Parnell," said Lord Carnarvon in the House of Lords, upon which I could enter into any conversation with him were, first of all, that I was acting of myself, by myself, and the responsibility was mine, and the communications were from me alone that is, from my lips alone. Secondly, that that con- versation was with reference to information only, and that it must be understood that there was no agreement or understanding, however shadowy, between us and, thirdly, that I was there as the Queen's servant, and I would neither hear nor say a word that was inconsistent with the union of the two countries. To these conditions Mr Parnell consented, and I had the advantage of hearing from him his general opinions and views on Irish matters." That, in three sentences, is. the long and short of the so-called negotiation with Mr Parnell but it may be as well to put on record also the precise nature of Lord Carnarvon's views upon the extension of what is called local self-government to Ireland. "My name," said Lord Carnarvon in the House of Lords, has been more than once used in connection with this question, and I have been represented as being favourable to the late scheme, as I must call it, of Her Majesty's Government. My Lords, I say at once that I am not favourable to it. I would gladly see some limited form of self-government, not in any way independent of Imperial control, such as may satisfy real local requirements, and to some extent national aspirations; I would gladly see a settlement where, the rights of property and minorities being on the whole secured, both nations might rest from this long and weary struggle, and constitutional progress might be patiently and gradually evolved. But I cannot say that this scheme is such a settle- ment. It would not be in order to discuss it,, but in one single sentence I believe it to be- financially unsound. I believe that it heals none I"f the old wounds, that it settles nothing upon a lasting basis, that it leaves open that great ques'ion which lies fundamentally at the root of every other question in Ireland the land question—and that it leaves open that burning question of Ulster. Still more-and my last is perhaps the gravest complaint against it by the tumult and the passionate feeling which is evoked, by the hopes which it has conjured up, which cannot be gratitied, it has virtually post- poned to a very distant day that settlement which I so much desire to see." The death of the Earl of Carnarvon leaves vacant two important offices in English Free- masonry—one, that of Provincial Grand Master the other, that of Provincial Grand Master for Somersetshire. He married, firstly, in 1861, Lady Evelyn Stanhope (who died in 1875) and secondly, December 31, 1878, Elizabeth Catherine, daughter of the late Mr Henry Howard, of Greystoke Castle, Cumberland. He is succeeded by Lord Porchester, his eldest son by his first marriage.


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