LLANYBYTHER. At Olyyydd Y JOURNAL. SL'R,—Yn y rhifyn cyn y diweddaf o'ch newyddiadur, ymddangosodd llith yn dwyn yrenwau "Williams" (Merthyr)a "Didymus," pa rai a ddaethant allan yn gryf i wvthsefyll yrhyn a ddywedodd un o'ch gohebwyr, (yr hwn a adnabyddir wrth yr enw D. 0,") yr hwn a roddai ychydig o hanes pysgota anghyf- reithlawn sydd yn cymmeryd lie yn rhy ami ar lanau yr afonydd a'r nentydd sydd yn ymdreiglo trwy ein hardal. Nid oedd, ebai'r gohebwyr galluog "Williams a Didymus," ddim trwy ei ysgrif ond swn cerydd, yr hyn, debygaf, sydd yn dangos yn bur debyg o fod yn taroyn agos iawnat gydwybod "Williams," ac hefyd yn methu a myned heibio "Didymus," heb gyffwrdd a'i gydwybod yntau. Os dyfod allan mae'r gohebwyr yma i amddiffyn tri- golioR Llanybyther, mae can croesaw iddynt ond yr wyf yn ofni fod ganddynt ormod o orchwyl i'w gyflawnu o'u blaen y tro hwn. Mae yn flin genyf fy mod yn gorfod dweyd y fath eiriau am diigolion y pentref. Amcan D.O." yn ddiddadl, yn ei lith, oedd ysgrifenu ychydig am danynt, gan obeithio y byddai hyny yn rhoi terfyn ar y fath waith ond yn lie hyny, mae bobl Llanybyther fel pe yn herio fod rhyddid ganddynt hwy i gyflawnu y fath beth, o blegid cyn pen ychydig ddyddiau wedi i'r llith ymddangos, gwelais ddau ddyn yn cyflawnu y gwaith. Peidied Didymus a meddwl mai adeiladu oedd y bobl yma, na chwaith yn cymmysgu eu cymmrwd ger llaw yr afon, ond yn wirfoddol yn cludo y marwor angeuol i'r afon, gan ddifa ei heiddo. Dywed- odd D.O." yn ei lith fod y pysgod i'w canfod wrth y cannoedd yn drygsawru y dwfr. Gwir oedd y peth, ac mae yn druenus meddwl fod y fath waith yn cael ei gyflawnu yn ein hardal. Ond eu henwi yn bersonol a ddylem, ac nid goddef hyn yn rhagor. Gobeithio y bydd hyn yn rhybudd iddynt, yw dymuniad LLAXC A'R FFOX.
CAERFYRDDIN. At Ohjgydd Y JOURNAL. SYR,—Nid oes eisieu i ni fyned i America at Ingersoll, neu i Loegr at Voysey a Conway, er cael allan enliibwyr a gwawdwyr Efengyl bar ein Harglwydd Iesu Grist; nid oes eisieu i ni fyned tu allan i dref Caerfyrddin, am eu bod yma fel briallu ym mis Mai. Blinir yr ysgraglach uchod y dyddiau hyn gan yr Eglwys Gymreig newydd, yr hon a gafodd ei chyssegru yr wythnos ddiweddaf. Dywedant gyda'r beiddgarwch mwyaf nad oes mo'i heisieu. Y gwir yw, Mr. Gol., cenfigen sydd wrth wraidd y drwg. Y mae yr Eglwys yng Nghymru yn llwyddo ac yn ennill tir, ac y mae hyn yn bilsen chwerw iawn iddynt. Nid oes eisieu i bwyllgor Eglwys newydd Sant loan i ofidio dim pa fath enwau y gelwir ar yr Eglwys, ond i weithio yn ddifefl, er ei chael yn rhydd o ddyled, yr hyn a rydd ofid mawr i Jackyddiaeth Cymru, ac yn enwedig i "egob Dinbych." Nid oes dim digon adgas ac aflan gan y fath Jack Horniaid a ysgrifenant i newyddiadur lleol i ddweyd am yr Eglwys, ei hoffeiriaid, a'i haelodau. Pe byddent yn edrych yn nes gartref, a myfyrio ychydig yn fwy ar y Deng Air Deddf, byddai yn fwy anrhydeddus ynddynt. Y fath fodau sydd yn niweidio ac amruhuro cymdeitbas. Duw yn ei ras a lwyddo ymdrechion y Parch. J. Lloyd a'r pwyllgor, er achub eneidiau yn y rhan ddwyreiniol o'r plwyf.— Yr eiddocb, &c., WILLIAM MORGAX. Caerfyrddin, Mehetin 16, 1890.
O'R BUNT PAID BOD 'N ESGEULUS. Ym maelfa fach y dyffryn, Tra eistedd 'rown rhyw dro, 'Roedd yno fywiog lencyn Weinyddai yn y fro I dalu am werth ceiniug 0 borthiant blys agwanc, I'r cyfrif fwrdd yn frysiog Penadur ro'dd y llanc. 'Mhen blwyddi maith 'nol hyny Fe welaia gleryn tlawd Yn wrthddrych o dostnri, A'i ddrych yn destyn gwawd. Wrth sylwi ar y cleryn, Adwaenais mai ef gynt A welais yn y DyfFryn Yn bunt. O'r bunt paid bod n esgealus, Ti lencyn ieuancllon, Na phortha'th flys direidu9, Na difalchio hon. Rhag bunt bob amser, Egniol ynulrech gwna, 'Rhyn elli wneyd heb arfer Cybydd-dod a'i draha. O'r bunt paid bod'n esgeulus, Rho heibio hon o'th law, Fyth ni wnei waith mwy hapus Ar gyfer 'stormydd ddaw. Os hebddi'n mlaen gwnei deithio Ar dy ddaiarol hynt, Daw achos teilwng eto I ufyn am y bunt.
EMYN HWYROL. (Cyfieithuul o crnyn Krble—" Sun of my soul," Rhif 24, Hymns Ancient and Modem). Wyt Haul fy enaid, Iesu cu, Ffy'r dywell nos o'th olwg Di; Na foed i gymyl duon byd Fyn'd rhyngwyf a Dy wyneb-pryd. Pan gauo cwsg fy emrynt blin, Yn dyner iawn mewn hyfryd hÚn, Fy meddwl olaf boed,—mor ber F'ai gorphwys byth ar fonwes Ner. Bydd gyda mi drwy'r dydd, 0, Dduw Can's hebot Ti nis gallaf fyw; Bydd gyda mi drwy'r hirnos ddu, Ni feiddiaf farw hebot Ti. Os heddyw, tlawd, grwydredig un, Wnaeth wrthod Dy alwadan cun, 'Nawr dechreu ynddo waith dy ras A'i cwyd o ddyfnder pechod cas. Bydd gyda'r claf, 0 dirion lor hael i'r tlawd o'th eang stor; Boed hun galarwyr heno sy', Fel melus hun y maban cu. Dy fendith pan i gyd, Rho beunydd ar ein taith drwy'r byd, Nes gwnawn yn mor dy gariad Di Ymgolli yn y nefoedd fry C'ugybar. A. 8. THOMAS (" Anellydd "),
Y WIWER. H^tf anwyl wiwer gynffonog-ceidw Mewn coedydd toreithiog; I'w chuddiaw ar ddydd gwlawog, Ei chynfton ddyd yn glyd glog.
SOUTH WALES ASSIZE CIRCUITS. The following arc the assize fixtures for the South Wales Circuit Before Mr. Justice Stephen Monday, .July 7, at Haverfordwest Thursday, July 10, at Lampeter Monday, July, 14, at Carmarthen Friday, July 18, at Brecon. Before the Lord Chief Justice of England and Mr. Justice Stephen Saturday, August 2, at Swansea.
MISCELLANEOUS. ( HIGH SCHOOL OF PARADISE. A good deal of misplaced ingenuity has been expended at one time and another on inventing euphemisms for death; but I do not remember any one who has achieved a more fantastical result in that direction thin the author of the following advertisement, which appeared lately in the Church Fintes: On the 15th inst.. promoted from the Kindergarten of earth to the High School of Paradise, the sweet soul of Mary Sophia .Horsley, wife of the Hev. J. W. Horsley, Holy Trinity, Woolwich." This reverend eentleman could have known little of the life in a nineteenth-century High School, when he adopted it as a symbol of the eternal rest" beyond the grave. A MOUTH REVIEWER. A New York dentist employs a lady assistant at fifty dollars a week and a commission for every customer. Her duties are to go from house to house, inspect the feminine or the child's mouth only, cap a nene, insert wedges to loosen molars and incisors, clean teeth, and recommend whatever repairs are necessary. This lady is young and pretty, attractively dressed, and, while self- assert- tive, is still very much of a lady. WHO WOULD BE A GOVERNESS The governess-market is apt to suffer from depression; but it must, one would think, have been at a very low point indeed when Miss Willan Harker, of Richmond, Yorkshire, took service as day governess in the family of a surveyor at Stockton, at a salary, as agreed, of 25s. a month, coupled with the privilege of dining in the house. Miss Harker, accor,ling to her statement, found herself under the necessity of taking a lodging in Stockton at a rent which more than absorbed the whole of her modest stipend but a bargain is of course a bargain, and of all this she made no complaint. What she did complain of was that, besides the three children to whom she bad agreed to teach English and music, a couple of infants were placed in her charge. Nor was this all, for when the servants left, the new governess had to cook the dinner, wash the dishes, and clean the knive3." After this Miss Harker thought herself entitled to a holiday,; but the suggestions led to differences, and ended in the governess being shown the door." Hence an action in the Stock- ton County Court for a month's wages in lieu of notice. For the defence it was urged that Miss Harker's reference was not satisfactory but it was answered that her employers had neverthe- less rested content with it till those disputes arose. It was also urge that she bad omitted to disclose the circumstance that she bad been in a lunatic asylum some eight or ten years ago. Bnt what of that ? Some people, said the judge, are insane for years, and yet recover. He happened to know a lady who for over twenty years was mad as a March hare," and who now is perfectly sane. Judgment for Miss Harker, with costs, payable forthwith. MR GLADSTONE AND SUSPECTS. THEN AND NOW. II Senex" writes to the Times:—Mr Gladstone waxed very wroth in his speech on the Tipperary and Cashel meetings yesterday about the present system of shadowing that is, witching persons whom there are reasonable grounds for believing likely to commit, or incite to the commission of crime and illegalities. Many of us have probably forgotten his method of dealing with the same class of persons in 1881-1882, They were certainly not simply watched, but they were arrested and incarcerated for many months on suspicion alone. No magisterial investigation was held and no form of trial gone through. Over a thousand Irish patriots were locked up for months in this way under Mr Gladstone's most coercive regime, and to this day those who suffered thus cling to the name "suspect" as one indicating a martyr to his country's cause through the tyranny of Mr Gladstone. STOLEN PROOF SHEETS. It would seem that the circulars issaed by Messrs Sampson Low and Co. warning the newspapers against accepting offers for the supply of surrep- titiously obtained proofs of Mr Stanley's forth- coming book have been successful. The warning was not at all unneeded; for it is a fact that a complete set of the proofs was for a time on the market and there is no doubt that had their original possessor known how to approach some of the less scrupulous of the newspapers, a very Inrge proportion of the text of Dark Africa would have been in the possesion of the public several weeks ago. How they came into the possesion of the vendor it is unnecessary to state. Suffice it to say that the person in question took an early opportunity of consulting a well-known journalist with whom he was acquainted as to whether an editor could be found who would be willing to purchase them. The journalist happened to be connected with a morning newspaper, and was also a contributor to the St. James's Gazette, He at once told his interviewer that he had no taste for the business proposed to him but that he considered himself in duty bound to mention it to the Editors of the journals with which he was connected, and if they chose to under- take it he would leave the matter in their bands. Both the Editor of the St. James's Gazette and the Editor of the morning newspaper declined the effer, notwithstanding that they were shown specimens of the proofs. Thrown on hisown resources, he approach- ed the Editor of another newspaper and was success- ful in arranging withthim to publish a long abst met of the book. Similiar arrangements were also con- cluded with the agents of two colonial newspapers; but before they could be carried out the matter reached the ears of the publishers, and the warning circulars were issued. The way in which the sus- picions of Messrs Sampson Low aud Co. were first aroused is rather curious. The journalist to whom the offer was first made narrated the story to a circle of friends one evening at his own house, and in the course of conversation gave some particulars of the prefatory letter to Dear Sir William. Among the company happened to be a contributor to a literary newspaper, who, from his recollections of the viva voce summary, supplied that journal with a piece of literary gossip, which duly appeared the following week, and no doubt attracted the attention of the publishers. A HEROINE OF SIXTEF,.N. THE EXTRA- ORDINAY SWIM FROM THE QUETTA." In the history of this century (writes L, T. Meade in Woman) there has, perhaps, never been known an instance of greater courage, endurance, and pluck than that shown by Emily Lacy, a young girl under sixteen years of age, at the time of the wreck of the Quetla. As Miss Lacy is related to some personal friends of my own, I have asked permission to publish a few more particulars about her. She and her younger sister, aged thirteen, were coming to England to complete their education. When the crash came, Emily immediately rushed to the cabin to try and rescue her younger sister, and the two succeeded in reaching the deck, where, however, they were at once separated and they never met afterwards. Miss Lacy says that as the vessel was going down a gentleman in whose care the girta were, said to her, "You look after yourself, and I will take care of May." Both this gentleman, however, and the little sister were drowned. "When we got aft," she writes, the ship suddenly went down, and as I was drinking in the salt water I thought I was going to be drowned. But I came up again and was surrounded by Cingalese and sheep. I felt myself being pressed down by them; it was terrible. Then I saw a raft a short distance out, and was dragged on to it by the purser, who was very kind to me. We were attached to a bigger raft, crowded with Cingalese. When we got away some distance, as the ° Cingalese became very noisy we cut our raftadrift, and I remained on her with the purser for a long time, till we were, as I thought, two miles from shore; and, as he told me that he could not swim, I left him and swam for the shore, but I did not reach it, as it WI'S so far away. I went on swimming towards the land, and saw another raft, on which were two Cingalese, to which I made my way, and got to it; but, as they were very rude and excited, and I thought they might be drunk, I left it, and took to swimming again." When lifted out of the water she could not have kept up for another half hour. She was quite without clothes, and burnt nearly black with the sun. Before lifting her out of the water a sailor threw his jacket over her, and then laid her teuderly in the bottom of the boat. For twenty consecutive hours she had been swimming and floating, sometimes on her back, sometimes on her side. She spoke of the heat as so intense that she had continually to keep her head under water to escape sunstroke. She says that the had never any conscious fear of death, either from drowning, or from a worse and more terrible snemy, sharks, but she often felt her powers of endurance giving way, and it was only the thought of the agony her death would have caused her parents which enabled the heroic girl to continue her exertions. The wreck took place at 9 p.m. on Friday, February 28, and Miss Lacy was not rescued until eight o'clock on Sunday morning. Twelve hours out of that time she spent with the chief officer Grey, who had got on a raft. As he could not swim, the brave girl swam by the side of the raft and tried to tow it towards land. Finding, however, that she was making no progress, she left him, hoping to reach land, which did not seem far away, and so get food and water for herself and him. She soon, however, got into cross-currents, and when the Albatross rescued her she wa3 drifting out. to sea. Miss Lacy is now recovering from the fearful shock she has under- gone, and has before now returned to her home, She expressed a great dread of going on the water, and it is scarcely likely that the intrepid girl will ever visit England. PERFORMING LIONS. To add zest to the excitement of the Wild East at the French Exhibition, the famous lion tamer Darling and his group of lions aud boarhounds have been imported from the Nouveau Cirque in Paris, where they have been appearing before crowded houses for the last five months. The feats performed are of an unusually novel and daring character, exhibiting in a remarkable degree the pitch of perfection to which the tamer has brought his sleek and menacing pupils. Four of the lions sulkily consent to a game of see-saw, the dog, a delightful human creature, keeping the balance. A couple work a tricycle with the precision of a champion. And a splendid termination is furnished by a race between the hound and one lion, and the remaining three harnessed to a Roman chariot. Thii is said to be the only instance on record of lions having been turned to this account since the spectacles in the Colloseum in Rome. The first performances on Monday attracted a great concourse of excited spectators, and it is beyond question the most interesting sequel the management could have devised to the wonderful horsemanship and curious displays of native customs provided by the Arabs. THE LATEST FROM PARIS. A large leghorn hat, seen yesterday at the Auteuil races, was tiimmed with turquoise velvet and pink crush roses, the front of the broad brim bearing a novel originality in the shape of three small garden implements made of greenish straw or reeds, a wee corbeille Louis XVI., a hoe, a rake, and a minute crook, each ornament being tipped with gilt metal. Another bonnet was formed of several coils of golden rope in turban shape, with black feathers front and back, and narrow velvet strings. Yet another hat was of rustic straw with a garland of mulberry flowers and fruit, and bows of mulberry velvet. Owl hats are much to the fore, and are mostly worn with morning gowns. This somewhat changes the ordinary habits of the twoo- twooitts, who seem to gaze in deep astonishment on the surrounding multitude, and, placed with outspread wings on broad brims, look as though I they were making ready to fly back to their shady woods, or back to their moonlit towers. Alas, poor birdies it is a case of quoting the raven refrain to them of Never more will their speckled brown wings whizz through the midnight air, having attained a higher purpose (?), i.e., that of adorning beauty's cranium at Fashion's decree. E SUICIDE OF A WIDOW. Maria Aksenow, a woman thirty-three years of age, committed suicide on the grave of her husband in the Wagankow cemetery on Thursday (says a Petersburg telegram to Dalziel) by setting her clothes on fire, after soaking them in kerosene. The cask containing kerosene which she had carried with her also caught fire and exploded. The noise alarmed the gravediggers, but before help came she had p. rished in the flames. The woman had been subject to melancholy since the death of her husband, six months ago, and bad made several previous attempts upon her life. TWO WONDERFUL TWINS. There are two young artisans of Bristol, named Johnson, who are twins, and between whom the similarity is far more remarkable than in Shkk- speare's two Oromios even. Not only are they of the same height and weight, having the same coloured hair, eyes, and complexion, identical physical measurements, and feeding, walking, running, laughing, crying, singing, and speaking alike, but they are of the same occupation, hold the same position, and have the same religious persuasion and likes and dislikes. More singular still, they have espoused very similiar wives, and they have the same number of children, who are of the same sexes, three girls and three boys each. W TO GET YOUR NOVEL PUBLISHED. Mr Murray asserts that London publishers have at the most part now seen the unwisdom of trusting to their own unaided judgment, and that nearly all have experienced tasters attached to their houses. He mentioned three: Andrew Lang (Longmans), James Payn (Smith, Elder, and Co.), and George Meredith (Chapman and Hall). Gentlemen of high standing like these, he says, know that their own credit is at stake, and take I particular care not to send away good manuscript. Christie Murray's advice to the budding fictionist it, If you have written a novel of character and observation send it to Chatto and Windus; a religious story should be sent to Hodder and Stoughton, and one of rattling love and adventure to Cassell and Co," AN ACUTE THIEF. Montague Williams tells a curious anecdote of a gentleman who, going to sleep in a railway carriage in a compartment having but one other occupant, woke and missed his watch. Instantly he accused his fellow-traveller of stealing it. The other indignantly denied the charge, but was arrested. When the case came up in Bow-etreet the prose- cutor, greatly confused, stated that he had made a lamentable mistake, having discovered since the arrest that he had left his watch at home that morning by inadvertence. Nothing remained but to tender his sincerest apologies to the innocent man in the dock. Sir James Ingrain, who was presiding in the Court, hereupon observed—" It is a most remark. able occurrence. To show. however, how liable we all are to make these mistakes, I may mention, as an extraordinary coincidence, that I myself have only this morning been guilty of precisely the same oversight as the one in question. I was under the impression when I left my home in Remington that I put my watch (which, I may mention, is an exceedingly valuable one) in my pocket; but on arriving at this Court I found that I must have left it at home by mistake." When the Jadge returned home that night, one of his daughters ujet him and exclaimed—" Papa dear, I suppose you got your watch all right? Well, my der," replied the magistrate, as a matter of fact I went out this morning without it." Yes, I know papa," his daughter replied, H but I gave it to the mau from Bow-street, who called for it." Of course the man from Bow-street was a shrewd thief who had been in Court tint morning, had heard Sir James tell the story of his extraordinary coincidence," and, no doubt stimulated by the remark about the great value of the watch, bad taken this simple method to obtain possession of it. Nor did the victim ever see his property again. A WELL EARNED KNIGHTHOOD. One of Judge Lloyd's many claims to destruction is that he has killed the" tally" system, which was, on his appointment as County Court Judge of the North Wales and Chester Circuit, the curse of the country. Jew pedlars from Liverpool and Manchester infested the district, and tempted the peasants' wives with flash watches and pinchbeck jewellery. When the unhappy victim? fell in arrears, the Shylocks promptly County-courted them. They reckoned, however, without Judge Lloyd. By postponing the tallymen's" caRes when possible; by bringing them on first, when the unsuspecting plaintiff thought they would be last, and in their absence striking the causes off the list; by keeping Shylock, whose face Judge Lloyd soon got to know, all day wasting his time in the Court; by ordering a five-pound debt for a gold watch, sold to a woman whose husband's wages were twelve shillings a week, to be paid off by instalments of a shilling a month; by never allowing costs, he has cleared North Wales of what I was twenty years ago its great curse. For this, then, if for nothing else, Sir Homtio Lloyd deserves the honour which he and Sir Rupert Kettle alore among the County Court Judges possess. THE FIRST LADY DOCTOR. In glancing through one of my books the other diy I came upon a curious little story not without interest to vegetarians. In the fifties there was in London society a curious, wizened and ugly little personage, a vegetarian doctor who had held a medical commission and gone through the Peninsular war. A fire-eater and quarrelsome, this strange little creature had challenged and fought several brother officers, and gained a most objection- able reputation generally. With shrivelled face and yellow skin the doctor was a most repulsive object, and to crown matters it is quaintly stated When his death occurred he was discovered to be a woman."
FARM AND GARDEN. RYE-GRASS FOR CATTLE. Some interesting observations on rye-grass have been made by Mr R. E. Turubull, agent to the Earl of Carlisle, at Bramoton, Cumberland. With reference to this much abused valuable grass he r.rites It has a value which I have not seen mentioned, viz., the prevention of scour. In 188t I bought 100 good Shorth< rn yearling bullocks and put them on some rich pastures at Twyerswood Farm, Holderness, which during the three previous years had been grazed by dairy cattle. The cows had a daily allowance of cake or corn, winter and summer, and this had kept the pastures in high condition. Adjoining these pastures were some fields newly-sown down, the herbage of which was chiefly rye-grass. These fields were farmed by the owner. The grass in my fields proved to be too rich for the bullocks, and they suffered severely, in consequence, from scour. It occurred to me that if I could arrange to let them have the run of the rye-grass fields adjoining my own for a portion of each day, the trouble might be overcome, and ac- cordingly I applied for the adjoining grazing land, and secured it. My expectation was fully realised. Immediately the bullocks got into the rye-grass, scouring stopped, and they rapidly recovered their strength, and continued to improve in condition all through the season." THE COCKCHAFER. Great injury is done to the roots of plants of all kinds by the grub or larva of the cockchafer, one of the largest of our native beetles, the noisy flight of which may now be beard in the twilight. The grub, says a contemporary, spends several years in the soil, and, as it is a voracious feeder, it is frequently the unseen cause of much damage to crops, its ravages being nowhere more apparent than in young plantations of forest trees. In the extensive forest areas near Cracow, in Poland, the mischief had progressed to such an extent that the maintenance of nurseries was found to be im- possible, the grubs invariably destroying the seedlings. Dr. Laszezynski now reports, however, that the lupin has proved itself of great value as an insectifuge plant. Last year, after the usual planting of seeds of forest trees, one part of the area WILS sown with seeds of the yellow lupin, and the young forest trees upon this portion were un- touched by the grubs of the cockchafer, whilst on the rest of the area the seedlings were, as usual, destroyed. It would be desirable to test amongst field crops the value of a remedy which has proved so efficacious in the case of forest seedlings, and it is suggested that beetroot and other field crops which suffer from this pest might be protected by the sowing of yellow lupin seed: The lupin is a quick grower, aud there is yet time to give the proposal a trirl during the present season. THINNING ROSE BUDS, WATERING. Large fully developed blooms are by far the most beautiful and generally serviceable. In order to be certain of these, thinning out the buda and feed- ing at the roots must be resorted to at the present time. The timely removal of all small and deformed side buds naturally greatly benefits those retained, and it is far from being tedious work. Small weakly growths, with or without buds attached, might also be removed with advantage, thinly grown vigorous shoots being the easiest to keep in a healthy clean state. Starvation treat- ment at the roots is never attended by fine blooms, and in the case of those trees against walls especially mildew i? invariably in the ascendant. The latter at any rate rarely get enough water and liquid manure, yet they pay better than any for a little attention and labour in that direction. It is quite useless to give driblets to roses wherever located. First form a basin by loosening and lightly forking back the soil from wall trees, and after the ground has been well soaked with clear water apply liquid manure of some kind. Those newly planted ought to be pravented from flower- ing freely, and these this season have already required to be watered frequently. PHOSPHATIC MANURES. The experiments which have been from time to time carried out by Professor Jamieson, in Sussex and Aberdeenshire, have attracted a good deal of attention, and it is of interest to know that those last year were very materially assisted by a grant from the Ministry of Agriculture. The more inte- resting ones were those that had for their object the discovery of the relative effect on plants of different kinds of phosphates, and especially of the natural mineral known as coprolite. The question was somewhat old, but it was important that new trials should take place, as a new phosphate had been introduced into the market, whilbt an im. provement bad been made in most phosphates in regard to the state of their division—a condition which very greatly influences their effect on plants. In 1889, in Sussex, and also at Glasterberry, Aber- deenshire, experiments were commenced. The different phosphate taken as types, were coprolite, slag phosphates, steamed bone flour, precipitated phosphate, and superphosphate. The prices of these are put in the report at about X3 10s., X2, £ (5, 210, and X3 per ton respectively. It is well that the report adds—"These prices are most delusive to those who do not enquire into the composition of the substances, and, as it is feared many do not take into account the composition, those manures sold at the lowest prise per ton are generally regarded as the cheapest." The follow- ing figures will show the fallacy of this idea:—Of coprolite there would be required 709 lb. to provide 75 lb. of phosphorus, which at 3s 6d a cwt. would cost 22s per acre; of slag there would be required 1,196 lb. to provide 75 lb., which at 2 per cwt. would cost 21s 2d per acre; of steam bone flour 604 lb. would be required to provide the same amount, which at 63 per cwt. would cost 32s 5d per acre; of precipitated phosphate the amount would be 381 lb. at 10s per cwt. or 3ts per acre; and of superphosphate to produce 75 lb. of phosphorus 1,300 lb. would be required, which at 3s. per cwt. would cost 34s. 9d. Thus, the report adds, the superphosphate is the dearest form of phosphate of lime for manure. The percentage of phosphorus on which the calculations of the above costs were made are those actually found in the manures experimented with. Former experiments had shown that all these phosphates, except slag, could be made use of directly by the plant, and that the degree of usefulness varied according to (i.) the state of division, (ii.) freedom from injurious weather. Steamed bone flour is generally the best divided, but there is room for improvement to-day in this particular. Super- phosphate, we learn, always, and precipitated phos- phate frequently, contain injurious matter. In regard to rate of action steamed bones aid coprolite gave the best result, the others being too quick or too slow. The new trials had special reference to the action of slag and especially to find it supported or refuted the theory that insoluble mineral phos- phate could be used directly by the plant. The experiments at both stations in 1888 aid 1889 showed that (i.) the phosphate in slag can be assimilated by the plant; (ii.) that this power of the plant is not limited to the natural mineral coprolite, but extends to the artificial or manu- factured form; (iii.) that the insoluble mineral doctrine started in Aberdeenshire fifteen years ago, and since supported by other experiments, is now supported by the action of slag: and (iv.) that the possible prejudical effect of the iron in slag which was apprehended does not take place. As a matter of fact. the experiments show that slag is nothing superior to coprolite in the same state of division and hardly equal to steamed bone flour.
The solicitors for Lord Dunlo have received information that his lordship has left the Antipodes in order to be present at the trial of the divorce action against his wife, who is known on the music-hall stage as Miss Belle Bilton. The case is set down for hearing during the present sittings.
REVIEW OF THE BRITISH CORN I TRADE. The first fortnight of June has improved the wheat holders' position by 500,000 qrs. It has done this by adding that amount to the burden of supply cast upon the present cereal year. The rainfall of the past fifteen days has been welcome in many—perhaps we may say in most-parts of the country; but, while it has freshened up plant life and added to the bulk of the hay crop, it has not assisted the wheat towards ripening, neither has it been attended by a ripening temperature. The nights have been very chilly for the time of year, and even when the sun has shone the wind has mostly been in the north-east, thereby robbing it of much of its effect. It is the standing fault of our climate that we do not get much hot weather until the hours of daylight are on the decrease. The long hours of light in May and June are but seldom accompanied by any really ripening warmth. This season May was dowered with many hours of bright sunshine, but there was little actual heat in the brightness. June thus far has been very gray and cloudy, and unless July proves fine and hot throughout, harvest will be nearly three weeks late. For ten days delay we were already prepared, but so little ripening progress has been made since the end of May that if we take a mean date for the general commencement of harvest to be August 1st, the likelihood on June 1st was probably for this year commencing on the 10th To-day we should hesitate to suggest an earlier date than the 20th. We are not speaking, of course, of early Talavera wheat or of the crops on the southern side of the Sussex Downs, but of the regular beginning of wheat harvest iu middle England, round Rugby, Peterborough, or Leicester. The spring sown corn has grown a good deal of late and looks very well. English wheat is returned in a list of fifty markets, as against holders at thirty-six. This is a large proportion, yet London quotes a rise of 9d. on the average, together with sales sufficient to test the price. Lincoln, too, a very important market, quotes Gd. to Is. advance with an improved enquiry from millers. Wakefield, on Friday, reported of English corn that there was a better enquiry, and that considerably more business might be done if factors could see their way to meet millers." We cannot, however, see that factors have any right to lower present prices, nor do we at all despair of the small existing reserves of English wheat fetching present extreme rates between this and August. The London average this week is 34s. 6d, on ,569 qrs., and the imperial average is 32s. 6d. on 57,338 qrs. The imperial average for the same week in 1889 was 28s. 4d. on 41,765 qrs., while the tithe or septennial average was 34s Id. on 42,423 qrs.— Mark Lane Express.
MARKET S. CORN. CARDJFF, Saturday.—(From the Report of Messrs. James Tucker, Limited).riiere was a quiet trade for wheat at our market to-day, and prices were the turn of buyers' favour. Maize and barley were slightly lower. Oats were rather easier. Beans were unchanged in value. GLOUCESTER, Saturday.-(From Messrs. W. C. Lucy and Co's. Circular)—There was a small supply of English wheat on offer at our market to-day, and the trade was slow at last week's piices. Foreign wheat was extremely quiet, and prices were the turn lower. Grinding barley and maize were unaltered in value. Oats were easier. LONDON, We inesday.-At Mark Lane to-day the attendance, even for a Wednesday, was very poor, and there was an almost entire absence of business in both English inr) foreign wheat. Holders ask late rates: Long .:IV Zealand, 36s; short, 33s 6d to 34s; Russian good, 34s; new two club, 33s 9d; maize slow at 17s 4 £ d for mixed American ex-ship. Barley unaltered and quiet. Oats dull trade, 3d less money all round. CATTLE. HRREFORD, Wednesday.—Onr market to-day was f, very small one, many of the farmers being engaged at the Herefordshire Agricultural Show at Malvern. The demand was also short, and prices showed a tendency to lower, sheep and store cattle being cheaper. Beef realised from 6d to 7d per lb. calves fetched about 8d per lb. Sheep changed hands at from 6d to 8d per lb. Pigs sold at late rate. BUTTER. CARMARTHEN, Saturday. — (William Pugh's Rpport )-A fair supply of cask butter at our market to-day, which sold at 9d to 94d per lb. Fresh market pound sold at 9d to 10}rl. CORK, Wednesday. Ordinary: Firsts, 78s; Seconds, 73s; Thirds, 69s; Fourths, 45s. Ditto Kegs: Firsts, 78s; Seconds, 71s. Mild cured fli kins: Superfine, 81s; Fine, 74s. In market, 1,160 firkins, and 370 mild. LONDON, Wednesday. Butter Moderate business, at about previous rates :-Friesland, 74s to 78s; Kiel and Danish 80s to 94s; Normandy, 78s to 98s; Jersey, 70s to 78s American, 363 to 80s. Bacon Market remains steady at late values. Hams and lard without change. Cheese: New American quoted at 44s to 47s; Edam, 50s to 56s Gouda, 46s to 50s. CHEESE. CARMARTHEN, Saturday.-( William Pugh'sReport) —A small supply of old cheese, which sold at about 28s per cwt. PROVISIONS. MONMOUTH, Saturday.—At our market to-day there was a good attendance, and the supply was large, but trade was very slack. The following were the ruling quotations :—Fresh bntter, Is 9d per lb. Hen's eggs, 14 for Is. Dressed poltry Fowls from Is 6d to 5s ad per oouple lducks, from 5s 6d to 7s Od per conple. Butchers' meat (prime joints) Beef, from 8d to 9d per lb wether mutton, from 9d to IOd per Ib lamb, from lOd to lid porlb and veal, from 9d to lOd per lb. Vegetables New potatoes k home grown ), 3d per Ib Jersey ditto, 1 Jd per lb cabbages Id each green peas, 6d per lb carrots and turnips ( new ). 3d per bundle cucumbers, 4d to 8d each. Fruit Strawberries 3s per qt gooseberries, 3d per qt, pineapples, Is 6d to 2s each. Fish Wye salmon, from Is 6d to Is lOd per lb mackerel, 6d each turbot, la. per lb soles, Is Sd per lb lemon soles 8d per lb plaice, 4d to 5d per lb; whiting, 6d per lb ;halibut lOd to Is per lb haddock, 4dper lbs sand dabbs, 4d per Ib kippers, 2d each. SUGAR. GLASGOW, Saturday.—Prices continue firm, and a good business is done. The offical report states A business done at firm prices. For the week value show no change. HOPS. WORCESTER, Saturday.—Percy and Longbottom hop and seed merchants, report :-All the reports to-day from the hop growing district speak of a great increase of fly and deposit within the last few days, and prices for all useful hops in consequence are very firm, and in many cases higher rates are demanded. Washing is now very general in most of the plantations. FISH. GRIDSBY, Wednesday. Good supply and fail- demand. Quo' ations :-Place, 268 to 28s level, 24s to 26s lemons, 28s to 34s; soles, 135s to 150s; haddocks, 4s to 8s; whitings (dead), 16s to 20s; whitches, 18s to 22s per box turbot, 10s; congers, 2s to 2s 3d brill3, 3s to 5s ling, 3s to 3s 6d ditto (dead), 2s to 2s 6d cod, 3s to 4s; skate, Is 6d to 2s; ditto (dead). Is to Is 3d each; hake, 30s to 40s dead cod, 10s to 60s; crabs, 3s; mackerel, 5s per scores; salmon, Is 4d per lb.
QUOTATIONS OFF STANDS AT MAUK LANE, JUNE 16, 1890. BRITISH GRAIN. S. S WHEAT, White (new) (50,11 b.) 32 38 D<1. (old) 30-35 Red (new). „ J-)—^35 Do. (old) „ 2U 32 FLOUR, London top price nominal (280 lb.) 33 Town-made whites 28-30 Ditto, households 25.- 28 Country Flour, best makes „ 23/6 25 Ditto, Norfolk and other seconds „ 22/6- 23 BARLEY, Malting (new)j..(per imperial qr.) 30 46 Grinding and Distilling „ „ 25 — 30 MALT, English (new) „ 35 43 Do. (old) 31 38 Scotch 37 — 38 Brown 31 32 OATS, English ly — 21 Scotch „ 19 — 24 Irish 17-21 RYE „ 26 -27 BEANS, Winter 30-34 Tick „ 34-37 English Mazagan „ „ 28 — 40 PKA.S, White 32 — 36 I Maple 34 to Grey „ 30-32
THE SIGNALMAN OF THE MIDLAND, THERE are probably about a million men employed in various capacities on the Railways of Great Britain-a number lar;re enough, if they were soldiers to overrun Europe. Upon the intelligence, fidelity, and physical condition of this vast army depend the lives of the multitudes who are constantly travelling by rail. Any sudden and serious disability happening to one of them may result in a disaster which would put hundreds of families in mourning. Accustomed PS it is to safe and swift conveyance from point to point, the public scarcely realises this fact. The following brief narative, which is strictly true, will therefore be read with interest:— On the Midland Railway, twenty-three miles south of Carlisle, there is a little station called Culgaith. Here there is a signal-box in which Signalman Andrew Agge is to be found on duty daily. As is the case with all other signal boxes, this one contains the levers and the usual compli- cated electric and mechanical contrivances for making and receiving signals. Mr Agge is on duty nearly every day, and takes his luncheops without leaving his post He is a sturdy man of thirty-five, in good health, and no complaint has ever been made against him by the Company or by the public; yet an incident occurred a few years ago that came near depriving him of his position and his life. For some time he had not felt well, the worst and most dangerous phase of his indis- position being a kind of giddiness that would seize him unexpectedly and, as he described it, "Set everything to moving and twistiug round and round." The doctor told him frankly that it was a symptom of a still more radical complaint brought on by too much confinement, and by his irregular habits of eating and sleeping, and that he bad better abandon his work for a while, and try a change of scene. But this was easier said than done. He had a family to support, and couldn't afford the luxury of a vacation. He knew no other business, and could not risk the loss of his plase. His work was always done, however, no matter how he felt. But it is only fair to say he had many anxious hours over it. His ailment, which he had discovered to be indigestion and dyspepsia, now set tip more alarming symptoms. A physician at Appleby assured Agge that there was serious trouble with his kidneys and bladder. It is," said the doctor to the signalman, the result of the condition of your digestion. Your blood is poisoned by your stomach, and every organ of the body is crippled by it." This was a miserable outlook for Agge, who went back to Culgaith with small courage for his work. He took hold, though, as well as he could, and kept it up until one morning several weeks after- wards. He was in his box as usual when ofa sudden a sharp pain shot through him as though he bad been stabbed with a knive. He tumbled down on the locker in the signal-box, and lay there all the forenoon in acute distress and agony. For the time his work was a secondary consideration. Unable to remain in that position auy longer, he laid down and rolled on the floor. The pain in his hips and back was so intense that he compared it to being cut with dull knives, and pierced with hot irons. Agge was alone when the attack came, and as nobody except railway officials are allowed in the signal boxes, it was some time before his plight was discovered. Finally, however, the station-master came in, the neighbours were summoned, and the suffering man was put into a trap and taken to his house, half a mile away. There he was ill for weeks, part of the time uncon- scious. When the physiciaus had avowedly got to the end of their resources it was agreed that the signalman's end was only a matter of a very little time. This was the situation when a singular thine happened. Two or three years before, while Agge was feeling the earlier symptoms of his disorder, he had taken a medicine that helped him getting better, he put the bottle aside, still half full and forgot it altogether. Now, as he was almost in a dying condition, his memory flashed up one day, and he distinctly recalled where he bad put it. A search was made and then it was found. The prostrate signalman began using it and, to the astonishment of neigh. hours and doctors, in a few days was able to get out of doors. We may mention that the medicine was the well-known preparation. Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup, although to advertise the article is not the chief motive for this little narrative. As a matter of fact, Signalman Agge kept on doctoring himself with it. and it cured him, be its nature what it may. He went to his box long ago, and this incident is printed in order that the reaùer may know more of the character and experience of a large and faithful body of public servants.
TENBY AS A SEASIDE RESORT. The town of Tenby of late years has been much improved, and now ranks among the most agree- able of the Welsh seaside resorts. It is a place of of great historical interest and natural beauty, and has justly attained a reputation not only as a. summer, but also as a winter resort. Its extreme healthiness and genial climate have not been unnoticed by the medical profession, who have pronounced the climate to be as mild and yet more bracing than that of Torquay-tho winter tempera- ture being mild. and the day and night tempera- ture more equal than at the other invalid resorts on the English coast. The following table shows the claims of Tenby as a winter resort for invalids as compared with the favoured Devonshire watering places :— MEAN TEMPERATURE OF THE AIR FOR EACH MONTH AT TENBY AND TORQUAY. Teaby. Torquay. January 41.2 9 February 45.0 4:3.4 March 45.0 45.5 April 48.4 47.5 May 51.0 53.5 June 58.0 56.1 July 62,S 60.5 August 62.8 r,o.;i September 57.0 56.6 October 51.0 49.5 November 47.0 47.5 December. 43.0 44.5 Year 51.0 50.0 The town in other respects possesses many features of attraction. It is beautifully situated on a rocky peninsula, having a beach on both sides, north and south. The south beach forms a delight- ful promenade two miles in extent, and a more picturesque and enjoyable walk could not bo desired. The bathing facilities are of the best, the sand being particularly firm, without shingle, and with a most gradual declivity. Lovers of botany find Tenby a most convenient and interesting- centre. The angler cannot fail to secure good port. and he may be interested in knowing that the ancient Welsh name of the town is Dinbych-y-Pysgod—The Place or the Precipice of Fishes. Amongst the places of interest in the vicinity may be mentioned St. Catherine's Rock, Caldy Island, the lovely Valley of Caverns, Lydstep Caverns, Lamphey Palace, Tenby. Carew, and Manorbier Castles, while Tenby Church, which isi one of the largest in Wales, and dates from thtt middle of the thirteenth century, contains a num- ber of interesting monuments. A considerable portion of the ancient walls of Tenby iili stands, and one of the fortified gates which was erected on the approach of the Spanish Armada, is in good preservation. The journey from Pitddir.-tol), although somewhat considerable (275 miles), is comfortably performed in through coaches on fast trains over the Great Western Railway.
ROGERS' ALES AND PORTERS 4k.Ol BREWERY, BRISTOL. In 4A (JaIl. Casks and upwards. For List of Prices and South Wales Agents see Western Mail Applications for Purchasing Agencies to be addressed to J. B. MADDOCKS, Penartli. Printed and Published by THE JOURNAL" Co., LIMITED, at 3, Guildhall-square, in the County of the Borough of Carmarthen.—FKIDAY, JUNE 20, 1890.