WALES AND ITS LACK OF ENTERPRISE. However numerous the good qualities of 6 the Welsh people may be. it must be admitted on all sides that we possess some defects and weaknesses, one of which is the lack of enterprise, a fault that has confessedly been one of the most prominent features in our national character for ages. At present we do not intend to trace the evil to its source, the fact is patent, and it is useless to try and explain it away. In this age of steam and electricity, when adventurers of other nationalities roam through our lovely valleys, and continually examine the nature and for- mation of our rocks, and testify to the variety and wealth of the resources treasured up beneath, and who have over and over again proved that Poor little Wales is a mis- nomer—it is passing strange that we allow ourselves to be so heedless of our own advan- tage, and look on contentedly at the efforts of strangers in the work of developing our country. Not only has a benificent provi- dence filled our hills and mountains our coffers, so to speak—with immense riches, but she has also provided a plenti- fulness of water in our streams to turn those riches to the greatest ad- vantage. In water we have a natural and inexpensive power, incalculable in its value. some countries are obliged to outlay a vast amount of money, in order to provide steam and steam-engines to perform the work that our streams do for us free of charge." It is by the help of our streams that we grind our corn, churn our milk, manufacture our wool, saw our timber, thrash our corn, and to some extent, work our coal and iron mines. And notwithstanding the many uses to which the water of our streams and tarns is now put, its application, doubtless, might be multiplied a hundred-fold. There are the Dee, the Clwyd, the Conway, and the Seoint in North, and the Teifi, the Towy, the Ystwyth, and the Taf, in South Wales-what more noble streams, yet they are allowed to flow past our doors, generation after generation, without paying any tribute to those who people their banks, with the ex- ception of turning here and there a mill or a small factory. What excellent chances they offer for the establishment of large manu- factories on their banks, and especially those of woollen goods ? It is estimated that there are in Wales about 2,000,000 sheep, which produce annually between four and five million pounds of wool. With the exception of what little is sold, we may say, in Mont- gomeryshire and Carmarthenshire, it is sent to English hands to be dressed and prepared for use. But, we ask, is it in accordance with the order of providence, to send our wool, one of the produ- ces of our own pleasant hillsides and meadows, to the murky air of some English town, and there to be combed and carded, and spun woven? Or is it to our own advantage that it should be sent there In a manner we pay for taking it out of the country, and for dressing it from home, and pay for return carriage by way of goods and necessaries in its stead. The banks of those streams above mentioned might be converted into places which might vie in population, commercial industry and wealth with Manchester, Hali- fax, or Leeds, giving employment to hundreds of thousands of our countrymen, and thus become a source of gain to our sons and daugh- ters. Again, much the same might be said of our valuable mines of coal and iron, and, may we add, gold. Welshmen, alas, have always remained willing to be hewers of wood and "drawers of water" to the comer and the stranger in the field of mineral de- velopement. All this long neglect and want of enterprise has produced a very deleterious effect upon the national character has soured and made it feel sordid and dis- contented. We are often told that our popu- lation exceeds its due proportion, but when we compare it with that of England, we find that it is much smaller in proportion to the square mile. We do not entertain a doubt, but that Wales, on account of its peculiar physical advantages, might feed and clothe as many people as any country of its size in Europe. The remedy offered for the evil of our supposed over-population is Emigration. That would only be yielding up the ground to the stranger, for as thousands of English, Scotch, and Irish succeed to gain a liv ing, nay, more, to fatten and grow rich, in Wales, there is no reason why Welshmen should not. Unless the present opportunity to mend our ways is seized, the numerous railways which are constantly opened into the heart of the country, will bring fresh hordes of new adventurers, who will establish them- selves in every nook and corner, and will lose no time to improve the occasion, and feel surprised, not to say disgusted, at our shame- ful unconcernedness. In this age of growth and development, the want of public enter- prise in a people is a national sin, for which generations to come will have to pay the penalty.
COMPANIES AND COMPANY VENDORS. The meeting of ordinary and preference stock-holders of Messrs Allsopp and Sons (Limited), held at the City Terminus Hotel last Friday, revealed a state of things emi- nently ^satisfactory to those who have shares in that Brewery Company. Some three years UC'tn n ,n -I. "0" « pius.pu.ms was issued declaring the Com- 5TrLt0 bS.W.°,rt\' £ 3'00°.000. with a promise vpt thpW °f 8 °r 10 per oent- Ami excuse made by Lord HindUo he chairman, to the vexed s £ areholdenj) they find the interest dwindling down to three or four per cent. at most tha(. bad not sufficient capital for the buying un of public-houses, and that the new companies which have been started had bought away their trade. Surely, if the Company had been as rich as the prospectus states, it could have bought the houses with its own means, or on its own credit. But all the evidence, glossed over as it may be, seems to point to one of these two conclusions: either that the chair- man knew very little about the workings of the Brewery Company, or else that the piospectus Was misleading. Most people are anxious to invest their capital, so as to get good returns. and to numbers the difference between four and six per cent, is a vital one; but we cannot let this opportunity pass without warn- ing those people that "all is not gold that glitters," and that those investments which promise a really large dividend are very likely soon to come to nought. One reads constantly of people being beggared in this way, ventur- ing their all in some tempting investment, which, though looking well on the outside, does not ring true. How often, alas, do they find their all is goiie-tliat they are ruined Ruin is a short word, but what does it not mean 1 Many a man and woman have had to begin life afresh just when they were getting too old to work, and when once past a certain age work is very hard to get. We hope that zn Z5 the committee of inquiry which is to be formed, with the consent of the directors, will be selected with great care, not only for the sake of this company, but in the interest of com- panies in general. Company vendors have a heavy moral responsibility, and we wish to see them recognize that fact.
POOR FATHER KINSELLA. Last Sat u rday'se vening Stargave usthebigbly sensational heading, in large type, An Irish Priest arrested for sawing a piece of wood." There is no reason why the reverend gentle- man should not amuse himself with the healthful recreation of amateur carpentry, but he should confine his operations to his own property. He appears to have been perfectly well aware that his proceedings were illegal, and yet deliberately persisted in them. The magistrate used every argument to induce Father Kinsella to find bail; the offer was refused, and the Father is now in Kilkenny Gaol enjoying the consciousness of being a self-made martyr. Father Kinsella can come out at any moment if he undertakes not to saw pieces of wood for illegal purposes.
Society peysonaL Mr Lewis Bowen, who has been paying a round of visits in the neighbourhood of Tivyside, left Llysnewydd early in the week for Sussex. # We regret the Squire of Lampeter has again hurt his leg, but trust that under the care 01 lJr. Walton Hood, he may soon return to his hunting box, sound and well. Dr. Powell, who has been laid up for some time with a bad attack of influenza, is, we are glad to say, convalescent, and we hope it will not be long before he is again able, to bring comfort and joy to many a sick room. A meeting of the members of the Tivyside hunt was heldon Friday last, atNewcastle-Emlyn, to consider what steps should be taken to hunt the country next season, in the event of the Master resigning. Nothing was definitely settled, so the meeting was adjourned until Friday, March 7th. During Easter week a new drama called Le Mystere is to be produced in Paris. The plot will be the events of our Lord's Passion The role of the Virgin Mary will be undertaken by Madame Sara Bernhardt. Certainly, Madame Sara Bernhardt is the greatest living actress. We owe a lot to Sarah Bernhardt. Some years ago four-buttoned gloves in glace kid were held to be extremely stylish. But for nearly ten years past the long glove in undressed kid has been usually adopted. Madame Bernhardt was the first who ordered gloves of thirty-button length, in undressed kid, to conceal the thinness of her arms. Also to that lady do we owe the introduction of Empire dresses, and Directoire sashes, and the revival of the long boa, dear to the hearts of our grandmothers. Mrs William Brigstocke, of Parcygors, met with what might have been a serious accident when hunting with the Tivyside Hounds, near Tyllwyd. In taking a fence her horse fell. Mrs Brigstocke was thrown, but her habit caught in the pommel, and when the horse recovered its feet, Mrs Brigstocke was left hanging head down- wards. Happily the horse stood still, and she was rescued from her perilous situation. The Bishop of Bangor is about to tender his resignation of the see, which he has held since 1859. For some time past the bishop has been in indifferent health, and in relinquishing his active work he is acting upon the advice of his London physician. His lordship speaks the Welsh language, and is revered throughout the Princi- pality, in which he has laboured during a long ministry. Major Wood, of Gwernyfed Park, who has been invited to contest the seat for Breconshire at the next election, in opposition to Mr Fuller-Maitland, the present member, paid a visit on Wednesday to Cefn, where he had a conference with the leading -Conservatives resident in that corner of the con- stituency. The neighbourhood of Bronwydd was en fete on Saturday last, owing to the birth of a son and heir to Sir Marteino and Lady Lloyd. A rumour to this effect was mooted about on Friday night, but not until Saturday morning had dawned was the good news confirmed. Needless to say the news was received with the greatest pleasure throughout the whole district. Rich and poor, Churchmen and Nonconformists, Radicals and Tories, vied with each in giving the little stranger a right hearty welcome. Guns and muskets were brought into requisition and volley after volley was fired from morn till dusk. Willing hands were to be seen gathering material for bonfires, while others were busy making torches and fireworks. Soon after darkness had set in, the whole country was dotted with huge bonfires, which could be seen for many miles. Between 9 and 10 o'clock the effect was greatly augmented by the torch light procession marching along the main roads. The picturesque little village of Aberbank —so prettily situated on a slight eminence in the valley about a mile below Bronwydd- was illuminated throughout. The demonstra- tion—got up in such haste—proved highly creditable to all concerned, and is another proof of the popularity of the noble Baronet and his Lady. It must be highly gratifying to Sir Marteine and Lady Lloyd to find that they are held in such esteem by those who know them best—their near neighbours. May God bless them with all happiness and a long life, is our sincere prayer. The readers of THE JOURNAL will be glad to hear that Sir Marteine and Lady Lloyd consider it essential that their children be educated in the Welsh language. A remark often heard on the departure of her lady- ship from visiting some humble cottage is- "Trueni na all hi siarad Cymraeg"—pity she I can't speak Welsh.
TREKK will be no alterations in the Pembroke and Tenby railway trams tor tviarcn. SouP KITCHEN.—Mr D. P. Morgan, Hon. secretary: begs respectully to acknowledge the following subscriptions :-Mrs Reid, Spilman- street, Pl J. R. Morris Esq, Llangeedmore, 1 Cardigan £ 1 Miss White, King-street, 2s. (id Collected by Mr J. H Smith, and Mr Frank Thomas, Quay-street, £ 1 7s* CARMARTHENSHIRE INFIRMARY.—The Secretary begs respectfully to acknowledge the following amounts-Priory Congregational Chapel, Car- marthen, El 5s 8d. Mr Ephraim Harris per Mr James John, solicitor, 7s. 6d. illustrated pavers from Mr D. E. Williams, Ivy Bush Royal Hotel, and Mr C. Finch, Nott-square Tit-Bits and "Answers" from friends, Daily Graphic from Mr W. spurrell, King-street. I THE BISHOP OF ST. DAVID'S AT THE CHAPEL oy A L. -On Sunday afternoon the first of the Lenten sermons at the Chapel Royal,St. James s, was preached by the Lprd Bishop of St. David s. There Was un]y a small assembly present, aniong whom were, the Lord Chamberlain, Lord \\il- braham, Earl Fortescue, Sir Spencer and Lady Ponsonby Fane, Mr Herbert Gladstone, M.P., Lady Cavendish Bentinck, and the Archdeacon of St. Asaph. SunnuN DKATJI OF AN OLD INHABITANT.- We regret to record the death of Mr Henry Baldwin, King streeet, ironmonger, who died suddenly on Saturday morning at his own residence. The deceased had been ailin<* for some time, but he followed his business as usual up to that day. He was much respected by all who knew him, and great sympathy is fell for deceased'ssoii and daughterintheirsad bereave- ment.—On Saturday night, an inquest was held on the body of Henry Baldwin, at deceased's house, before the coroner (Dr. John Hughes), and the following jurymen :—Charles Finch, Nott-square (foreman); William Thomas, Hall-street Wiljiam Finch, Nott-square Peter Daniel Lewis, Nott- square David Davies, King-street Joseph Phillips, Queen-street Daniel Lewis, King- street John Davies, King-street David Griffiths, King-street John Thomas Greenwood David Warren Lewis, King-street; and John Evans, King-street. The witnesses called were Daniel Hughes, Pensarn, and Edward Baldwin, son of the deceased. Daniel Hughes, sworn, said he was the son of Samuel Hughes, of Pensarn, labourer. He was employed next door but one to deceased's house bv Mr Davies. shoemaker, and had known the deceased for some time. About eight o'clock that morning he was engaged sweeping the flags in front of his master's house, and he then saw Mr Henry Baldwin cleaning his shop window with a cloth. There was no one with him. In a couple of minutes he saw him go into the house. Deceased appeared to be quite well when he saw him, but he heard about nine o'clock that he was dead.—Edward Baldwin, of 54, King-street, secretary of the Carmarthen Public Rooms Co., sworn, said that the deceased was his father. He was a plumber and iron- monger, and 70 years of age. He had worked regularly up to that day, but lately he had complained of pain in his side, especially the last four days. He did not call in any doctor he had rheumatism about a year ago and he felt pain then. No one lived in the house with him except his sister and himself. He last saw him alive about 9.30. the night before. He was then in the kitchen reading, and seemed to be as well as usual. He had been rather despondent the last three or four days, and he believed it was because of the pain in his side. He (witness) left him in the room, and when he returned about 10 o'clock that night deceased had gone to bed. He was very regular in his habits. Witness slept in the same room as deceased. When he got up at six o'clock that morning deceased was in. bed apparently asleep. Witness had his breakfast and left for his work at the reading room a little before eight o'clock. His father had not got up by that time. At a quarter to nine he went to the house as usual and went to the bedroom to change his coat, and found his father lying with his face downwards on the bed. He had no coat or waistcoat on, but w is otherwise fully dressed. He was lying diagonally across the bed:,with his head on the pillow, and his feet touching the floor. Witness went up to him and seeing by the colour of his face that something was wrong, ran for Dr. Rowlands who came back with him and he pronounced his father to be dead. The body was not cold then. He was never liable to fits of any kind, but used to complain of palpitation of the heart, which he attributed to the effects of tobacco smoking. He used to smoke three or more pipes of tobacco a day. Witness had never suspected that his father had heart disease. He had been falling off in his health lately but could not say from what cause. When he saw his father in bed there was no one in the house, his sister having gone to the chapel in Union-street.—The coroner having summed up the evidence, the jury after a short consultation returned a verdict that death had ensued from disease, the nature of which was not ascertained.— The remains of the deceased were buried privately on Tuesday morning at the Cemetery, when the Rev J. Lloyd, vicar of St, Peters, officiated.
CARMARTHENSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. A meeting of this council was held at the Shire Hall, Llandilo, on Wednesday. Present The chairman (Alderman W. O. Brigstocke), the vice-chairman (Mr Gwilym Evans), Aldermen, Col. W. Gwynne-Hughes, D. Randell, M.P., Sir James Hills-Johnes, Bart., K.C.B., V.C., R. Scourfield, J. Lewis Philipps, J. Bagnall Evans, W. R. Edwards, Joseph Joseph, Lewis Davies, Hugh Nevill, T. Williams, John James, and J. A. Jones; Councillors T. Morris, Llanstephan W. Howell, Llanelly J. Davies, Trelech Rev. W. Thomas, Whit-land D. C. Parry, Llanelly; J. W. Gwynne-Hughes, Llandilo; Thomas Jenkins, Carmarthen C. E. Morris, Llangunnor; J. Lloyd Thomas, St. Ishmael; D. R. Morgan, Carmarthen W. N. Jones, Ammanford H. 11 Wilkins, Llanelly Rev. Philip Phillips, Llanelly; Col. D. E. Jones, Llandovery. Rev. W. Thomas, Gwynfe; J. S. Tregoning, Llanelly; R. G. Lawrence, Llanarthney Henry Wilkins, Llanelly; George Jones, Llandovery Rev. T. Evans, Cilycwm T. Evans, St. Clears W. J. Wilson, Llanelly D. C. Parry Llanelly; Joseph Mayberry, Llanelly; D. L. Jones, Abergwilly E. Davies, Cenarth J. Glyn Thomas, Llangenuech T. Jenkins, Llanelly Colonel H. Davies- Evans, Llanybyther W. J. Buckley, Llanelly; Rev. W. E. Evans, Llanon Dr Howell Rees, Cwmamman Owen Bonville, Llanelly D. Stephens, Kidwelly Evans, Llanfihangel-Rhosy- corn; Evan Evans, Llanedy John Bourne, Llanelly the clerk of the peace (Mr T. Jones); the county treasurer (Mr D. LongPrice); the chief constable Mr W. Philipps), and various other officers of the county. A large number of the public were present, and took an evident interest in the proceedings. The minutes of the last ordinary meeting and of a special meeting held on the 15th of January, were confirmed and signed. COMMUNICATIONS. The Clerk read a letter from the Newcastle- Emlyn Highway Board asking that the Council's Main Roads committee pay half the cost of con- structing a bridge over the river Bargod, near Trefelin, in the parish of Llangeler. Also, another communication, stating that on the 7th January, a young man, named Wm. Rees, was drowned by crossing a ford on the Sawdde river, in which case the jury returned a verdict of "found drowned," with a rider that a bridge be built over the river at that point, and requesting that the matter be brought forward at that meeting. A letter was read from the Board of Agri- culture ,with reference to the great slaughter of cattle suffering from pleuro-pneumonia, and stating that the cost entailed upon the rate- payers in paying compensation to the owners of the cattle, should be defrayed out of imperial funds and not out of local rates, and that the present order be modified. The Board said they were prepared to meet the views of local authorities as far as possible, without interfering with the slaughter order, pending the Govern- ment's decision on the matter. On the proposition of Councillor W. J. Wilson, it was referred to the General Purposes Com- mittee. TECHNICAL EDUCATION ACT. The Clerk said he had been instructed to write to the Glamorganshire County Council, asking 11 that a committee of that Council be appointed to meet a committee of the Carmarthen County Council, to consider the proposal of starting an Agricultural School under the Technical Edu- cation Act, and had received a reply to the effect that at present they did not think it advisable that an Agricultural School for Glamorgan should be placed at Carmarthen. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES ACT, 1889. The Clerk also read a letter from the Board of Trade, calling attention to the Weights and Measures Act, 1889 especially to sections 1, 9, 10 and 12: which required that weighing machines, and z, 11 scales be stamped by the inspector, before next year, and suggesting that the Council should get the regulations under the new Act. It was resolved to authorise the clerk to get I the regulations. ° | A communication was read from the Surrey County Couucil, asking them to support a resolution passed by that body: "That the o:\istin" law as to superannuation allowances payable out of local l'ates and funds at the disposal of County Councils is unsatisfactory, and should be modified by legislation." The Clerk was on the point of reading another letter, when Mr J. S. Tregoning said he should like to ask when they proposed dealing with all those matters. They were asked to do something in every letter that had been read, but they had simply been read and put on one side. They had gone over I many things which the Councillors would like to give their opinion on, but they had net had the chance. Mr W. J. Wilson asked whether they were to deal with those matters afterwards, or as they arose. The Chairman said that if, after a little had been read, no one moved anything, it was to be left on the table. A letter was read from the Hants Council with reference to the Prevention of Floods Bill, and the Chairman said he thought that if any gcntle- in in wished to move anything, they ought to make it a specific motion, as they would get as many motions as letters, and they would never finish the business on the agenda. BOARD OF CONSERVATORS. The Clerk said that as directed, he had written to the Board of Trade, asking for their sanction to add to the number of conservators for the Towy, Taff, and Loughor Fishery District, to such an extent as the Council should judge to be sufficient, and he had received a reply requesting the Council to give the Board the reasons for such application. The Chairman said that the same reply had been received by the Cardiganshire County Council, and he thought that the matter should be sent back to the committee, and that such committee furnish the Board of Trade with the reasons. Mr Howell thought it would be better to post- pone the matter until after the meeting of the Conservators, which was to be held on the 10th of March, and it was resolved to do so. APPLICATION FOR INCREASE OF PENSION. A letter was read from Mrs John Johns, Waterloo terrace, Carmarthen, asking for an addition to the pension received by her husband, who had been a warder in Carmarthen County Gaol. He had joined the staff of Her Majesty's Prisons in 1867, and had served altogether a period of 22 years, but had had a paralytic fit, and was now quite helpless. He had never been right since the time he attended David Rees to the scaffold some time ago. The Superannuation Fund now allowed him £ 29 8s. Id., of which J69 18s. were out of county rates, and the re- mainder from money allowed by Parliament. Had he served 20 years before the Act had come in force he would have received the full two- thirds of his salary, but the present allowance was far short of that amount. The Visiting Com- mittee had recommended that he be allowed the two-thirds of his salary. Alderman John Lewis said he could only con- firm all that was stated in the letter, and would move that two-thirds of his salary be granted to him. Mr W.R.Edwards said that Mr Johns had been on the staff for over 20 years, and was now 60 years of age. He continued in the force until he was struck down with paralysis, and he thought they ought to allow him two-thirds of his salary as a pension. As he was senior warder, he had to attend David Rees on the scaffold in 1888, and that had affected him so much, that he was not the same man afterwards. He hoped they would send a recommendation to the Commissioners in London to increase his pension. The Chairman said he understood that at present he only received the minimum pension. Mr John Lewis said, they ought to treat him exactly as they treated Wozeley some years ago. His salary was 970. On being put to the meeting it was agreed to send the resolution, as proposed by Mr John Lewis, to the Home Secretary. PETTY JURORS. A petition was read, the same to be sent to Parliament, praying that the law as to petty jurors be amended. The compensation of Is. per day at present given being very small compared with the cost incurred by the jurors. The Chairman said that the Council was asked to affix their seal to the petition. He asked if a poor man required a petty jury, and had not the funds to pay them, who was to compensate them ? Mr Tregoning said, it seemed to him that they could not at once grasp the full meaning of that resolution, and he proposed that it be referred to the General Purposes Committee, to he fully discussed. Mr Randell, M. P., seconded, and it was unani- mously carried. On the proposition of Mr W. J. Wilson, it was agreed to send a cheque for £ 28 railway rates to Mr Balfour Brown, of the Mansion House, London. ELECTION OF RETURNING OFFICER. The Clerk said he had received four applica- tions, viz., Mr Wm. Howell, Llanelly; Mr Thomas Walters, Carmarthen Mr Rowland Browne, Carmarthen and Mr Henry Anthony Jeremy, Llandovery. It was decided to vote by ballot, with the following result — Howell, 27; Jeremy, 15; Browne, 8 Walters, 4. The Clerk said according to standing orders the first was to get more votes than all the rest together. The Chairman gave his casting vote in 0 favour of Mr Howell, who was elected, his election to hold good until after the 1891 elections. Mr Howell, who is a member of the Council, will have to resign his seat before he can fulfil the office. TOLL-HOUSES. The Clerk said that, as instructed, Messrs Howell Thomas and Co., surveyors, Carmarthen, had sent in their valuation of the toll-houses throughout the county. Mr Tregoning asked what was the difference between the valuation of their own surveyors and that of Messrs Howell Thomas and Co. The Clerk said there was a difference of over £ 400. Their own surveyor's valuation .was zCI,762, and the other £ 1,351. The Chairman suggested that they call a special meeting of the Council to consider the question. The Clerk said that a valuation had been given, and according to law, they were bound to offer them to the surrounding landowners for their estimated value. He read five letters from land- owners, who had agreed to buy the toll-houses on their land. Mr W, J. Wilson proposed, and Mr Tregoning seconded that the matter be referred to the Main Roads Committee, to report what houses had better be pulled down, as some were a great obstruction, and that the rest be put up by public auction, and it was carried. On the proposition of Mr Gwilym Evans, itwas agreed to carry the five contracts already made by the Council. The report of the Finance Committee was read. NEW POLICE RATE. The Chairman said that a new rate was recom- mended by the Joint Standing Committee, and on the Treasurer being asked, he said that a I-Ld. rate would be sufficient for the whole year. 4 The report was adopted. The report of the Main Roads Committee was read. AMMANFORD BRIDGE. Mr W. N. Jones said* he had a motion that day to bring forward asking the Council to erect a bridge over the river Amman, between Amman- ford and oettws. He said they had no one to represent them in that district on the County Roads Board, and that was the first time they were able to make their petition. He said there could be no doubt as to the necessity of getting it, as Ammanford was an ever-increasing place, 82 new houses having been built there during the last two years, and an important colliery was about to be opened close by. As to the means of getting the money for such work the Highway Board had offered them £ 400 on condition that that the Council contributed a similar sum, and he hoped they would not let that £ 400 pass out of their hands. Mr T. Morris said lie had great pleasure in seconding that motion, and he thought lie could join his application to the motion that two small bridges be built over two small rivers in the districts of Ammanford, Newchurch, and Mydrim which were subject to floods. The cost would not be more than £100 or £ 120. In justification of L I his application a petition had been got np, signed j by most of the rate-payers in those districts. Mr Howell llees suggested that the matter of building bridges be deferred until it had been decided b the Main Roads Committee, what alterations were to he made as to which were main roads, and which were not. Mr Morgan Davies said that there was not so much traffic between Brynamman, Llanellyi and Ammanford, and a bridge built in I the place proposed would bo quite unnecessary. There was, at present, a bridge about i a milo from the spot mentioned. Mr Gwilym Evans said that 8 bridges had been asked for in the Council, he thought a committee of inspection should be appointed to visit those places, and that the money be dealt out fairly. After a very long discussion, it was decided to adopt the cemmittee's report which suggested that the bridge be left for the present.—The report of the inspector of weights and measures was read and adopted. INTERMEDIATE AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION. Mr Glyn Thomas said lie had been requested to move the suspension of the standingordersfora matter of urgency, and that the Council appoint a committee to consider whether the recent Act upon Technical Instruction should be applied to the agricultural interests of the county or not, and that the Clerk be instructed to ask the I other councils of Wales to appoint committees to meet a committee of that council, and get their opinions thereon. Mr Tregoning seconded the motion. Mr Glyn Thomas said it would be quite un- necessary to get two committees, one for Inter- mediate Education, and the other for Technical Instruction, but that the committee, which they had appointed under the Intermediate Education Act, consisting of Lord Emlyn, Mr Tregoning, Mr GwiIym Evans, Mr J. Evans, and himself, would be sufficient. Mr W. J. Wilson contended that two separate committees would be necessary. The Inter- mediate Education Act would not do for teaching agriculture, for instance. On the motion of the Rev W. E. Evans, "That the present number of members on the Main Roads Committee be reconsidered, and altered in such a manner that every Rural Division be represented on it." It was resolved to refer it to a committee of the whole Council. By this time, most of the members had left for the train, and about a dozen motions were post- poned or withdrawn. CHARITY PROPERTIES, &C. Rev W. Thomas, Whit-land, proposed, and Rev W. E. Evans secolided. That the General h Purposes Committee be instructed to prepare and furnish to this Council, as early as possible, a printed return, containing a complete Schedule of all Charity Properties, Education and Ap- prenticeship Endowments, and Doles, which may be available for Intermediate Education in Carmarthenshire, and it was carried. ROROUGH OF KIDWELLY. Mr Daniel Stephens proposed "That this Council desires to support the application of the Borough of Kidwelly, to the Queen's Most Ex- cellent Majesty, for a separate Commission of the Peace, the same having been their jirivilege for many centuries past, but was not renewed on the grant of their new Charter in 1885." Mr Randell, M.P., said he had great pleasure in seconding Mr Stephen's motion. It was a pity for the ancient borough to lose hold of such a privilege. It was unanimously carried. It was decided, on the motion of Mr W. N. Jones, to have the date of the meetings printed in the County Council Hand-Book in future. This ended the business. All the members were invited by Mr Gwynne- Hughes, Tregib, to a luncheon at the Drill Hall, in eelebration of their first meeting at Llandilo during the adjournment.
PARLIAMENTARY SUMMARY. Thursday, 20th.—The Hares Preservation Bill passed through committee in the Lords. In the Commons Mr E. Stanhope declared that he was willing to issue the full allowance of ammunition (90 rounds) to Volunteer Corps who satisfied him that a legitimate use was made of it. The Address.—Dr. Clark's amendment advo- cating Home Rule for Scotland was negatived by 181 to 141.. Mr Gedge took exception to the expression levying tithes, as also to the remark of the Leader of the House that they were national property," and drew attention to the respective statements by Mr Gladstone and Lord Granville, that the clergy were not State paid," and that tithes existed in England before Acts of Parliament." In the Queen's Speech no distinction was drawn between the three classes of tithe. One class was, and always had been, in the hands of the clergy. Lay tithes were largely held by gentle- men on the Liberal side of the House, while there remained a third class of tithe that had been bought by a certain society, of whom Mr Gladstone had been for many years a member, and which tithe was handed back to the Church. Mr Gladstone could not believe that that tithe was national property, or his action in soliciting subscriptions for the purpose of buying it would have amounted to obtaining money under false pretences. Mr Stansfeld moved an amendment expressing regret that there was no immediate intention to extend the system of Local Government. He advocated the establishment of Parish and District Councils so that the system might be complete, and that the people might be trained in self-government. Mr Jesse Collins said I that apparently the President of the Local Government Board and Mr Stansfeld were in agreement as to the principle of the promised extension of Local Government. He was satisfied with the Local Government Act as far as it went, and he pre- ferred to leave the matter in the hands of the Government rather than trust the Opposition. Mr Long declared that the Government were anxious to introduce a District Councils Bill, but they thought it best to limit the programme, as laid down in the Queen's Speech, to measures that were likely to be considered. He thought that the formation of District Councils presented many difficult problems that would be easier of solution when the people were more alive to the benefits of self-government. After speeches from several other members, the debate was adjourned. FRIDAY, 21st.—Mr J. Rowlands resumed the debate upon Mr Stanfeld's amendment to the Address. Mr Ritchie said the Government were anxious to introduce Bills for the extension of Local Government, but it was impossible to deal with all the matters referred to in the debate. The amendment was ilpgatived by 254 to 181. Mr A. Acland moved an amendment in favour of FREE EDUCATION, remarking that after Lord Salisbury's declaration, and in view of the large sltrplus available, the Government were pledged cl to it. Mr Buxton seconded the amendment, remark- ing that as the Government considered that Free Education was only a question of time and money, they Should take advantage of their large surplus to carry it into effect. Sir R. Temple opposed the amendment. He considered the voluntary system one of the grandest features of the country. He hoped the surplus would be devoted to reducing taxation. t Sir W. Hart Dyke said there was no comparison between England and Scotland, whereas in the former country 76 per cent. of the schools were voluntary in Scotland there were only 16 per cent. If any system of Free Education were introduced that had the effect of injuring Voluntary Schools the result would be serious, and might entail a demand on the rates of £ 2,600,000, in addition to an outlay of £ 25,000,000 for buildings. It was a matter that required careful consideration and though the Govern- ment adhered to the declaration made by Lord Salisbury, they were not prepared with sufficient information to place the matter on their pro- gramme. Mr Rendell, in supporting the amendment, said that in the Intermediate Education Act the Government had given a great boon to Wales, which the people of the country would not soon forget. Mr Mundella declared that they had no wish to injure Voluntary Schools, and bore ample testi- mony to the "noble sacrifices" made by the clergy in the cause of education. He did not believe that Free Education, having been giyen to Scotland, could be withheld from Eivdand. He believed that the clergy were ready to meet them in this matter. Mr Chamberlain was glad to see the advance of opinion on the subject. He considered Free Education of the highest interest to the com- munity, and he thought the cost should come from the Imperial Exchequer. The Government had declared that they would do nothing to weaken the voluntary system, whereas the Opposition appeared anxious to destroy it but he thought that by a grant equivalent to the fees a solution of the difficulty might be arrived at, and the denominational question left exactly where it was. If the voluntary system were extinguished, the country would have to provide for 3,659,000 extra children, and he did not think they could face their' constituents with such a demand. > Sir W. Harcourt said that Mr Chamberlain had dealt a heavy blow to Free Education. Mr E. Stanhope thought that instead of deal- ing a blow Mr Chamberlain had done the cause great service by showing that the voluntary system could exist/ with Free Education. Neither Sir W. Harcourt nor the Liberal Party had ever done anything to further Free Education, and he did not see why they should dictate 'to'the present Government. Mr J. Morley, speaking to the Irish members, said—When a school is intended for all it should be managed by the community. When it claims to be for the use of a section of the, community, as, for example, the Catholics or Jews, it may Con- tinue to receive public support while under the management of the sect. Mr Sexton-After the declaration of Mr Morley, the Irish Members accept the ammend- ment. It was, however, negatived by 223 to 163. MONDAY, 24th.—Mr J. Morley, on behalf of Mr Gladstone, gave notice of an amendment to Mr W. H. Smith's motion on the special report of the Commissioners. Mr Sexton moved the adjournment of the House to discuss the conduct of Col. Forbes in forbidding the erection of Plan of Campaign huts at Clongorey. The debate on the address was resumed by Mr A. Thomas, who moved an amendment that it was desirable to form a Welsh Department for Welsh affairs, under a Minister acquainted with the National characteristics: He was of opinion that the peace of the Principality depended upon his amendment being accepted. Mr P. Morgan, in seconding the amendment, expressed regret at the sight of the empty benches that he was called on to address. He thought that Wales was loyal, but if this small concession were not made to her, angry passions might rise, and disasters might occur. Mr Kenyon did not think the national charac- teristics sufficiently marked to warrant such an interference with the constitution of the country. He thought more good could be done to Wales by encouraging the importation of English capital and intellect than by these vagaries. Mr 0. Morgan would like to cut the amend- ment in two, and would recommend its with- drawal. He should like to see Welsh affaire referred to a standing Committee, mainly com- posed of Welsh Members. Mr Matthews drew attention to the fact that the substitution of Welsh for English in Courts 'of Law, would exclude English judges and barristers, and would injure the interests of suitors. "There was something to be said for a secretary for Scotland, a country with different laws to those of England. As Welsh and English. laws were identical, there would be no work for a Welsh secretary. The suggestion could be of no service to'the Princi- pality. The amendment was withdrawn. The address was agreed to. TUESDAY, 25th. -In the House of Lords — Lord Harrowby called attention to the financial en- gagements for the relief of local taxation under the Local Government Act, owing to the failure of the wheel and van tax, the Councils had re- ceived less than was intended. "Lord Cranbrook said that the wheel and vaa tax had failed because of the opposition offered to it. If any additional means were to be found for local authorities, they must be derived from local sources.—The House of Commons were engaged the whole evening with votes of supply.
LLANLLAWDDOG. THE Trotting Match held here annually -is lool; ed upon as the standing event of the year, and is looked forward to with a great deal of interest by the people of the neighbourhood and surrounding districts. This year it proved more attractive than usual, and drew together some, hundreds of people bent on holiday-making.- The point of rendezvous was the Stag and Pheasant. Inn, which is situate in a very- convenient Spot for trotting matches. The weather was very propitious, it being one of tlie finest and brightest days (the 20th inst) we have had this year, a fact which no doubt conduced greatly to the more than usual success of the event. The entries were numerous, and the proceedings throughout very animated. In the first race (H miles) for ponies, 13 hands high, open to all comers, eight contested and the following were the winners 1st prize, 15s. Mr Davies, Fynnonlas 2nd prize, 10s. Air Rees, Danyrliiw 3rd prize, 5s. Mr Davies, Pentreniawr. In the second race (H miles) for horses under three years old, the 7 winners were — 1st prize, los. Mr Davies, Pentreniawr; 2nd prize,10s. Mr Rees, Troe dycorfal 3rd prize, 5s. Mr Evans, Panthir, Conwil. In -thb third race, for horses of any age which had never won a prize, the following proved themselves the winners — Is: prize, £ 1, Mr James Lewis, Carmarthen 2nd prize, 10s. Mr Williams j Cwmllydan. In the fourth race (for farmers) the following were adjudged the best:—1st race, LI, Mr Jones, Pei-itrecelyii 2nd race, 10s. Mr Thomas, Perilaii 3rd race, 5s. Mr Harris, White Mill. The fifth race was openlto allcomers and the following acquitted themselves best::— 1st race, zC2, Mr Jeremy, Clynmelyn 2nd race £1, Mr Williams, Cwmllydan; in this race the distance was two miles, and six contested. The following gentlemen, who seem to have given general satisfaction, acted the part of judges Messrs. A. Cadle, Half Moon Hotel, Carmarthen T. Phillips, Esgairlioeliw and J. Howells, Bragty One is glad to state that after paying all expenses the treasurer has a substantial balance in hand. There was a capital spreid (which may be called the sixth race, open to all comers), provided at the Stag and Pheasant, which gave entire satisfaction to the large numbers that thronged round the tables, at the end of one of which we noticed the bonny face of Mr Evans, of the (Carmarthen) Stag, who had evidently fought many a round (of beef) before.
HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. THE Carmarthenshire Foxhounds will meet ori Tuesday, Match 4th, at Blaenwaun and on Friday, March 7th, at Talog each day at 10.30 a.m. THE Pembrokeshire Foxhounds will meet on Monday, March 3rd, at East Hook Tuesday, March 4th, at Hundleton Thursday, March 6tn, at Picton Castle Friday, March 7th, at Yerbeston Gate and on Saturday, March 8th, at Dol-Wilym each day at 11.30 a.m. THE Neuaddfawr Foxhounds will meet on Tuesday March 4th, at Pantdefaid cross roads and oil Friday, March 7th, at Pontfach (neat Aberayron) each day at 10.30 a.m. THE Tivyside Foxhounds will meet on Monday, March 3rd, at Penrherber and on Thursday, March 6th, at Vron, near Rhydowen each day at 11 o'clock a.m. Mr Pryse's Foxhounds will meet on Tuesday, March 4th, at Eglwysfach and on Friday, March 7th, at Brynllwyddyn each day at 10.30 a.m. THE Bronwydd Beagles will meet on Saturday,, March 8th, at Noyadd Trefawr (weather permitting), at 12 o'clock
BIRTHS, DURRANS.—On the 22nd inst., at 112, Lammas- street, in this town, the wife oi Mr F. Durrans, Ordnance Survey, of a son. LLOYI). Oll the 21st inst., at Bronwydd, Car- diganshire, Lady Lloyd, of a son and heir. MARRIAGE. PHILLIPS. Oil the 25th inst., atlSt. Matthew's Church, Brixton, London, by the Rev. J. S. Serjeant, Mr Thomas Davies, of 116, Priory-street, Carmarthen, to Kate, second daughter of the hte Thomas Phillips, of Tulse Hill, Brixton, London. DEATHS. V DA \-I El,. --February 13th, Mary Anne Davies, for 18 years the faithful and beloved servant of Mr and Mrs Pryce, Bryneithin, Llandilo, aged 81. LEWIS.—February 20th, at St. Ives, Coniwall- Sarah Barnes, widow of Mr Lewis Lewis, of' O wynfe House, Llangadock, Carmarthenshire, aged 82 years, RICH.ARI)S. -February 25th, at the Red LIOn Inu Priory-stret, Carmarthen, Mary", wife of David Richards, and youngest daughter of the late' Thomas Williams, Briskyn-issa, Llanfynydd, aged 58 year&.
establishment, at the expense of the ratepayers, of a brand new school under a School Board. Whatever may be the precise method contemplated by the authors of this most extraordinary proposal, it is evident that their object is to secure the assistance of the most sectarian and proselytizing of all the sects in the effort to destroy the work of the Church of England and the Protestant Non- conformist bodies. I am, Sir, your obediently, J. CHAMBERLAIN. 40, Prince's-gardens, S.W., Feb. 25.