COMING OF AGE OF LORD KENSINGTON'S HEIR. St. Bride's Hill, the seat of Lord Kensington, was on Wednesday (21st inst) the scene of festivites that are rarely witnessed in Pembroke- shire. The occasion was the celebration of the coming of age of the Hon. William Edwardes, eldest son of Lord Kensington. His lordship's unequalled generosity as a landlord, and his general benevolence of character, are such that a bond of love and esteem exists between him and his tenantry. The fact, therefore, that the Hon. William Edwards is the son of Lord Kensington 11 was quite enough to account for the spontaneous enthusiasm exhibited by the tenants to celebrate in a manner worthy of the occasion such an auspicious event. St. Bride's, the seat of his lordship, is a very handsome edifice, situated in an elevated position, and commanding a fine and uninterrupted view of St. Bride's Bay. The marquee in which the proceedings took place was erected in a meadow to the west of the residence. The arrangements for the comfort of the tenantry and guests were of a most elaborate and complete character. The tenantry from the districts above Haverfordwest were conveyed from John- ston to St. Bride's in brakes, while a special train was engaged to take them home at night. The weather was rather unfavourable, heavy rain falling at intervals throughout the day. The admirable marquee provided by Mr Benj. Edgington, of 2, Duke-street, London, however, withstood the rain, and no inconvenience was caused to the company. The chair was occupied by Colonel Lambton, and there was also present Lord and Lady Kensington and family, Mr W. Davies, M.P., and Mrs Davies, Colonel Stokes, Dr Griffith, the Rev T. G. Marshall, Rural Dean, and a large number of other ladies and gentlemen, also about 300 of the tenants and their wives. The usual loyal and patriotic toasts having been proposed and duly honoured, Mr James Thomas, of Philbeach, presented the Hon. William Edwardes with an address, accompanied by a very handsomely engraved solid silver punch- bowl, bearing the following inscription — Presented to the Hon. William Edwardes on attaining his majority by his father's Welsh tenants, July 25th, 1889." The following address was also read by Mr James Thomas and pre- sented. Address to the Hon WILLIAM EDWARDS, St. Biide's Pembrokeshire. We. the tenants on your father's Pembrokeshire estates, rejoice in the opportunity afforded us on this auspicious occasion when met together to celebrate your coming of age. We offer to you a most respectful greeting, together with our most hearty and sincere good wishes for your continued health and happiness. We venture to draw the happiest auguries for your successful career, and confidently build our hopes upon your following the noble example set by your honoured parents. In Lord Kensington we have ever found a most generous and sympathetic landlord; and Lady Kensington's kindness, as well as her constant efforts to make the lot of the poor brighter and happier, are known to us all. We trust and beHeve that you will so emulate their good deeds as to be remembered with equal love and esteem by all those with whom you may become associ- ated. We beg your acceptance of the accompanying token of our affectionate interests in your present and future welfare, and we remain, with every good wish, yours very sincerely. Here follow the names of the tenants. The Hon. WM. EDWARDS, in responding, thanked the tenants from the bottom of his heart for the very handsome gift just presented to him. He was also deeply grateful for the address and the kindly sentiments contained therein, and he assured them that he fully appreciated their kindness, and that he would always look back with pride and pleasure on the proceedings of that day. (Applause.) He sincerely hoped that the friendship and love that existed between the tenants and his father would be perpetuated between himself and them. In thanking the tenants for their kind expressions towards Lord Kensington, he (the speaker) said he could safely say that his father was one of the kindest and most indulgent men to all with whom he came into contact, and he felt that he could not do better than endeavour, to the best of his power and ability, to take for his rule and pattern through life the noble example set him by his father. (Loud applause.) The hon. speaker also thanked Mr Thomas for his kind allusion to his mother, Lady Kensington. (Applause.) Other toasts followed. In the evening there was a grand supply of fireworks at Marloes, while huge bonfires were ignited on all points of vantage, their lurid glare lighting up the coasts for miles around. The following is a list of the presents made :— Welsh tenants, silver punch bowl Mr T. Vaughan, handsome timepiece; Hon, Caroline Edwardes, silver mounted riding whip Hon. Mrs Henry Edwardes, silver-mounted walking- stick Mr James Price, silver cigarette case and match case Captain and Hon. Mrs Newenham, silver cigarette case brothers and sisters, silver- mounted cigar case Mr James Thomas, silver flask; Mrs Lambton, silver cigar case Mr Trus- sell, silver flask Mr George Davies, silver cigarette case Mr Mumford, dressing case Mr Samuel Thomas, set of links Mrs Charles Stewart, silver flask Mr James Rees, set of gold links; Miss Phillips, dressing case Mrs Hay Drummond, timepiece; Mrs Harvey, punch ladle; Mr and Mrs Young (Crabb Hall), match case; Mr William Thomas, sadddle Mr T. P. Evans, riding goad Messrs Greenish and Dawkins, dressing-case; Mr Joseph Childs, shrimp net.
SMOKING. Rules are made on many subjects of minor importance, and rules should certainly be made against smoking in the presence of non-smokers, whether in public or private for the health of many delicate women suffers through having fathers, husbands, or brothers, smoke in their presence. In fact, the health of many women and children suffers from daily companionship with smokers, whether the smoking is carried on in their presence or not. An inveterate smoker's clothes and breath are so permeated with the I poison as to make him a good conductor of it at any time. In studying heredity too, we find the offspring of habitual smokers much more likely to develop nervous disorders than those of non-smokers; and, further, we find that habitual smokers' descendants more readily form an appetite for stimulants, though this last is not wholly charge- able to tobacco, since the brandy, etc., so largely used in the manufacture of cigars helps some- I what. However, in defence of the smoker it must be admitted that he is often ignorant of the effects of narcotics on himself and his posterity, and selfish as well, when he smokes in the pre- sence of non-smokers. Moreover, how many women of the habitual smoker's acquaintance gave him to understand that smokers and smok- ing were obnoxious to them ? Did not the majority say, with the sweetest of smiles, when asked if smoking was objectionable to them, Oh, no, not at all ? It is really wonderful that men are not worse, when we see to what lengths they are allowed to go in all directions, principally, it seems, because he is such a ram avis-becauee he chances to be the only son, the only brother, or the only man in the house. The hand that rocks the cradle, rules the world," whether the hand be that of a mother, a grandmother, a sister, or a maiden aunt. II Give me," said a famous teacher, the first dozen years of life, and I'll answer for the rest." A word to the wise is sufficient."
THROAT IRRITATION AND COUGH.Soreness and dryness, tickling and irritation, inducing cough and affecting the voice. For these symptoms use Epps's Glycerine Jujubes. In contact with the glands at the moment they are excited by the act of sucking, the Glycerine in these agreeable con- fections becomes actively healing. Sold only in boxes, 7id„ tins Is Hd., labelled JAMES Epps and Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London." Dr. George Moore, in his work on "Noseand Throat Diseases," says: "The Glycerine Jujubes prepared by James Epps and Co. are of undoubted service as a curative or palliative agent," while Dr. Gordon Holmes, Senior Physician to the Municipal Throat and Bar Infirmary, writes: "After an extended trial, I have found your Glycerine Jujubes of considerable benefit in almost all forms of throat disease."
SOME RICH WOMEN. Mrs Moses Taylor, the widow of the famous dry-goods merchant, says a New York paper, comes generally first into the mind of the New Yorker who bethinks him of the famously rich women of Manhattan Island. As a widow she seems to acquire the pre-eminence among her wealthy sex which widowhood gives to a beautiful woman among her unmarried sisters. Mrs Taylor is carefully estimated to be worth not less than 15,000,000 dollars. Mrs Robert L. Stewart, the widow of the successful sugar merchant whose refineries were 30 long objects of interest along the North river, inherited from him 500,COO dollars outright and a life interest in 10,000,000 dollars. Mrs Marshall O. Roberts, who is often pointed out as the most desirable party among fashionable widows, has a life interest in 1,000,000 dollars. This is much lower, and it is believed to be much nearer the truth, than most current estimates of her pecuniary charms. The Widow Hammersley that was, now her Grace the Duchess of Marlborough, has a life interest in 5,000,000 dollars. She has it right here in this city, too, in custody of New York courts, so, as long as she lives, she can not cease to be a New Yorker. Mrs Augustus Schell, widow of the famous Democrat and banker, has twelve solid millions of money while she lives. She can't will it away, however. Mrs Frederick Stevens that was, now the Duchesse de Dino, is a New Yorker still to the tune of ten real golden millions of her own, and now, one may say, the Duke's, too. Mrs Robert I. Livingston, who is Elbridge Gerry's mother-in-law, is worth 5,000,000 dollars if she's worth a cent." That's the way an old crony of hers put it. But, la bless you, don't mention my name." And so the old crony's identity shall remain a secret. What she doesn't know about the rich women of New York is inaccessible, too. There's Mrs Frederick Gallatin," says she, whose million is in cold cash and securities, most of it. It's finely fixed she is. And Mrs Bradly Martin, who came from up the Hudson, who brings over her own brands of champagne, and who entertains with the best of the fine ladies in Scotland and England, too, bad cess to them. She's got two millions of her own besides all her husband's money. Mrs Robert Winthrop has a private fortune more than adequate to the maintenance of even such a fine old family name as hers. She has 10,000,000 dollars. Mrs Percy Pyne has 10,000,000 dollars of her own. Mrs Fred Neilson, Freddy Gebhart's sister, has a cool million. It must always be remembered that a cool million seems the most desirable kind of million. The same cool million represents also the private fortune of Mrs Matulin Livingstone. Nobody will be surprised to hear that Mrs Ogden Mills has a million of her own. But 0, ye young bachelors and middle-aged and old bachelors in search of rich wives, think what you have lost in the way of opportunities when you hear that the two elderly Misses Rhinelander have 5,000,000 dollars between them and bid fair to leave it to collateral heirs with wonderfully fat accumulations. Now take Mrs James P. Kernocben. She has 1,500,000 dollars in money and real estate at a low estimate. All these estimates are low indeed. By the same apportionment Mrs John C. Green has at least 3,000.000 dollars, and Mrs Mason Jones, so often called by queer old people Lady Mary Mason Jones," she has 1,000,000 dollars of her own and is contesting the Hammersley will besides. And so gossip goes on. Mrs Josephine Ayer, the widow of the doctor who made fortune in patent medicines, is said to have received from him about 5,000,000 dollars. Mrs Martin Bates was left by her husband 1,500,000 dollars, which he made in dry goods, and Mrs James Brown, who lives in a fine house on Park avenue and Thirty-seventh street, re- ceived from her husband's estate about 4,000,000 dollars, which he accumulated as a banker. Mrs W. E. Dodge is worth 4,000,000 dollars much of the income of which she sends to the heathen. Mrs Robert Goelet is worth 3,000,000 dollars, and Mrs John C. Green, the widow of the Princeton College patron, is reputed to be worth 10,000,000 dollars. Mrs John Minturn is an- other wealthy New York widow she is said to be worth 2,000,000 dollars, and her father was an Aspinwall. Governor Morgan's widow is worth several millions Glarkson Potter's widow has an immense income from his estate, and Mrs Edwin Stevens, who owns Castle Point at Hoboken, is one of the richest widows in America, and counts her wealth by millions. Mrs Paran Steven's husband made 6,000,000 dollars in hotels and left her the Victoria and a share in the Fifih Avenue. But after this plethora of millions feminine, who is the richest woman in New York, and con- sequently, without much doubt, the richest in the United States, and perhaps the richest woman in the world 1 She isn't young and she isn't handsome, but she made her money and keeps it. Where does "Hetty" Green live '1 Look in directories and you won't find out. Ask the Chemical Bank people and you might, if they thought proper to tell you. Who knows where the richest woman in New York lives? She is about forty-seven years old, and is worth at a conservative estimate about twenty- five million dollars. She married E. H. Green, of New York. Mr Green was worth 700,000 dollars, and it is said Miss Hetty had an ante- nuptial contract with him whereby he agreed to pay all of the household expenses, and to leave her property of 2,000,000 dollars and more in her own name. After her wedding she kept up her activity, and through her husband got into Wall- street speculation. She did the speculating her- self and made while her husband lost. She could buy large blocks of stock, and would bull or bear the markets as she thought best. She made money right along, and is now reputed to be worth forty-odd millions. She is economical withal, and though her income must be immense, her total household expenses are not over 5,000 dollars.
A WORD ABOUT OATMEAL. In France, where in the course of the year many experiments of one sort and another are carried on, some medical men have been practis- ing upon the problem of digestion. A poor fellow had the misfortune, firstly to sustain an injury by which the interior of his stomach was brought into view, and, secondly, to fall into the hands of the doctors. He was immediately taken advantage of for scientific purposes, and a food trial began. Oatmeal was one of the first articles of human consumption which was put to the test. The man ate a dish of it, and the result was carefully watched. It was not what was expected. Upon reaching the stomach it formed itself into a mucilaginous mass, a sort of oatmeal emulsion, so to speak, which adhered to the membranous lining of the sac. Through this coating the gastric secretions penetrated very slowly, and the process of digestion was corres- pondingly retarded. Repeated trials produced the same conditions, showing that in this par- ticular case oatmeal was a most undesirable epigastric inhabitant. This is a blow aimed direct at the institutions of nations. It is proverbial how the canny Scot thrives on his porridge it is a step toward manhood when the English boy is permitted to have sugar on his morning and evening dish of the same brawn-giving grain, while to banish oatmeal from some breakfast tables is to over- throw a household tenet of long establishment. However, a single swallow does not make a spring, and the conduct of one Gallic stomach need not be taken as a crucial test for that principal organ of digestion in mankind. Until proof be piled upon proof let perennial oatmeal sit at our feasts, iconoclastic Frenchmen ad infinitum to the contrary notwithstanding.
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BUCKINGHAM PALACE. It is quite in accordance with the fitness of things that just when the first Royal wedding for many a long day has been celebrated at Bucking- ham Palace, a short descriptive and historical account should be given of this magnificent structure, with the external appearance of which all Londoners are so familiar. The Palace itself is, of course, quite modern, having been com- meuced in 1825, from the designs, and under the superintendence of, Mr Nash, and completed about 1840 by Mr Blore; but the ground upon which it stands, and the associctions by which it is surrounded, these are full of the deepest historical interest. For the present palace occupies the site of the old Mulberry Gardens, which were planted by James I. to encourage the growth of silk in England. The speculation was a failure, and the Mulberry Gardens became a public recreation ground, which Samuel Pepys described as being a silly place, with a wilder- ness somewhat pretty." Here John Dryden ate his beloved mulberry tarts, and here, according to Evelyn, persons of the best quality were exceedingly cheated." And it was from these gardens that they passed into St. James's and the Green Park for then we are told by the same veracious historian that the good people from the suburbs and the aristocracy did much frequent the Green Park, Kensington, then first coming into fashion. The gardens, as a place of public amusement, appear to have been quite as complete a failure as they were for commercial enterprise, for shortly afterwards Arlington House was built upon the southern portion of them, and here, in the year of the Great Plague, the noble owner brought from Holland the first pound of tea which was imported into England, and which cost him sixty shillings, so that, as John Timbs remarks, in all probability the first cup of tea made in England was drank where Buckingham Palace now stands." This house was afterwards purchased by John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham, to which fact is due the name of the present building. Buckingham House was purchased from the Duke's natural son, Sir Charles Sheffield, by the King, and thus it became the property of the Crown. As an old- fashioned book remarks, and the observation is of special interest with regard to recent events, The King has sometimes held his levies here but the most recent distinction conferred upon Buckingham House was the reception given to the Persian Ambassador in the month of Decem- ber, 1809, when an honour was conferred on him that was heretofore confined to the Royal Family only—viz., the great iron gates fronting the park were thrown open for his entrance. It was in old Buckingham House, or the Queen's House as it was then called, that Dr. Johnson was honoured by George III. with a personal interview, Johnson being in the habit of visiting what Boswell terms those splendid rooms and noble collection of books." During the first two nights of the Gordon riots the gardens of Buck- ingham Palace were occupied by 4,000 troops, who were personally visited, and whose comfort was specially attended to, by the good old King himself. It was from the old house that the Princess Charlotte was married in 1816 to Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, and it was here that George III.'s children were so severely brought up, in accordance with the fashion of that day, that Princess Sophia told a friend that she had seen her two eldest brothers, when they were boys of 13 and 14, held by their arms, at Buck- ingham Palace, to be flogged like dogs with a long whip." And here, too, it is probable, was seen the first Christmas tree, which, true to her German associations, Queen Charlotte intro- duced into England. It was to their kind patroness Queen Charlotte that John Wedgwood and his partner, Bentley, when they came to Buckingham Palace, showed the newest things in the way of artistic pottery. But these simple days have long since passed away, and with the erection of the stately palace as we now know it, a far grander mode of life is now the rule, for it is here that her Majesty whenever she comes to London takes up her residence in the greatest state. Few people I fancy are aware that in front of the central entrance stood formerly the Marble Arch, now opposite the Edgware-road, whence it was removed in 1851. Upon it waved the Royal banner which now flies upon the centre of the eastern front. The entrance hall is surrounded with an extensive range of double columns, each formed of a single piece of veined white Carrara marble. The floor is also of the same costly material, as are the steps of the grand stairway and scarcely a lovelier sight can be conceived than is presented by the hall upon a summer day, as the golden sunshine streams down the staircase, strongly contrasted with the dark mysterious shadows produced by the depth within the columns. And the effect is heightened in the extreme by the long vista that is afforded as we gaze between the pillars, far down through the sculpture gallery, and through the open door of the council-room, down to the very windows that open on the opposite side of the building The south side contains the State Ball-room whose decorations by Gruner cost more than 2300,000. In this room are Winterhalter's portraits of the Queen and the late Prince Consort, also Vandyke's Charles I., and Henrietta Maria. In this splendid room were held the two famous costume balls in 1842 and 1845, the first being in the style of the reign of Edward 111. The Library opens upon a terrace, with a conservatory at one end, and the chapel, consecrated in 1843 at the other. The pillars of this building formed a portion of the screen at Carlton House. The Picture Gallery contains a variety of the works of Dutch and Flemish artists, together with pictures of the Italian and English schools, collected by George IV., who purchased the nucleus of the whole from Sir Thomas Baring the private apartments of the Queen, which are very rarely shown, contain some fine portraits and miniatures of the late and present Royal Families by Vandyke, Lely, Kneller, Gainsborough, Copley, Laurence, &c. Perhaps the most magnificent apartment in the whole building is the Yellow Drawing-room, in each panel of the walls of which is painted a full-length portrait of some member of the Royal Family. The Throne Room, which is upwards of 60 feet in length, is adorned with bas-reliefs, illustrative of the Wars of the Roses. The Royal Mews contains a spacious riding- school, stabling for the State horses, and houses for forty carriages, and the magnificent State coach, which is kept here, was designed by Sir William Chambers in 1762, and painted by Cipriani, its entire cost being little short of £ 8,000. The gardens are exquisitely beautiful and comprise no less than forty acres, of which nearly five acres are devoted to a lake. The elm trees here are very fine, whilst by skilful arrangement and artistic horticulture there has been made a veritable mimic Arcady, embosomed in deep foliage, where no effort is required to imagine oneself in the midst of a purely country district, and this in the very heart of the great City. And here is to be seen and specially noted the very beautiful summer- house, the decoration of which was in part under- taken by Sir E. Landseer. It was by Buckingham Palace that the great Duke passed on a dim November day, and in the silence and majesty of death, to his long, last home. It was in front of the Palace that the Scots Fusilier Guards paraded in the early dawn of a bleak March in 1854, en route for the Crimea, when the Queen, with the Prince Consort and the Royal children, bade them farewell from the balcony, and when the great building re-echoed as never before or since to the cheers of her devoted soldiers. Ave Ctesar Imperator, moriturimnt te salutant." It was here, too, that in the last few weeks of his life, Charles Dickens stood before his Sovereign and received at her hands her book upon the Highlands, her Majesty saying that the humblest of writers would be ashamed to offer it to one of the greatest, but that Mr Helps had assured her the present would be most valued as coming from herself." It is at the Palace that the Board of Green Cloth has its headquarters, and here also, as every one knows, is where the Queen usually holds her It Courts" and Draw- ing Rooms." And so one passes away from the great Palace, with a dim sweet memory of a supreme stateliness, and with a vision of the glorious light streaming through the grand re- echoing halls, through which so recently passed a Royal bride, a gallant lover, and the noblest Queen that England has ever known.
THE QUEEN AND WALES. HER MAJESTY'S WELSH PEDIGREE. DESCENDED FROM RHODRI MAWR. To the Welsh people whom the Queen has been visiting Her Majesty is not only a beloved sovereign, the descendant of Norman and Saxon princes, but emphatically the Queen of Wales and Britain. The charm of this title to the Welshman is that he connects his Queen, not with the conquest of his country, but with her legitimate succession and descent from the ancient line of Welsh kings who were themselves the right heirs of the British Sovereigns of what is now called England. It is popularly supposed that the Queen's claims to Welsh Royal descent rest upon the Tudor blood of Henry VII. alone, but this is not so. The Tudors were not of the Royal family of Wales, nor in any way heirs to the Welsh throne, and it was through Henry's consort, Elizabeth Plantagenet, and her grand- mother, Ann Mortimer, that her Majesty's Welsh pedigree descends, through many generations of princes, from Rhodri Mawr or Roderick the Great, the contemporary of our own Alfred. Ann Mortimer's grandmother was the daughter and heiress of Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, and thus was handed down the succession to the English Crown but the Queen's hereditary right, in a genealogical point of view, to the throne of Wales came through the marriage, six generations earlier, of Ralph Mortimer with Gladys, the daughter of Llewellyn ap Jorworth, known as Llewellyn the Great, Prince of all Wales, who governed his country 46 years and and died in 1240. David, the brother of Gladys, succeeded his father, and he again was succeeded by Llewellyn ap Griffith, the last Prince of Wales, son of Griffith, her half brother. It was through an apocryphal descent from Llewellyn's daughter Catherine, that Owen Glendower based his claim to the throne of Wales, apparently not knowing that he had an actual descent, through Anghared the sister of Gladys, from the princes of North Wales, whilst his own father was heir of the principality of Powys Fadog, and his grand- mother, Eleanor, was heiress in the fourth gene- ration of Meredith ap Owen, Prince of South Wales. In addition, however, to Owen Glen- dower and his untenable claim, we must note that Llewellyn, the last Prince of Wales, had a nephew, Thomas ap Rhodri, whose son Owen Llaw Goch was the Sir Jevan of Wales" of Froissart. This Owen's murder by John Lamb in 1381 dismisses the idea that Her Majesty, through all her journeyings, will now find even the pretence of any nearer and more legitimate and clearly proved claim than her own to the throne of Rodri and Llewellyn the Great. Besides the Queen's direct descent and heir- ship from the line of the Welsh kings and princes, there are a few other points in Her Majesty's Welsh pedigree which it would be well for us to take note of at this period of her visit to her ancient Principality. First, then, we note for the satisfaction of Irish and Welsh Home Rulers, that her ancestor Ranulta, wife of Cynan ap Jago, Prince of North Wales, was the daughter of Aflaed, King of Dublin, and, secondly, that her ancestor, Anghared, wife of Cynan's son Griffith, was descended from Howell Dda, or Howell the Good, the King and lawgiver of Wales, and his wife, Ellen, daughter of Cynfryn ap Patrick, King of Ireland. Next we should bear in mind that the four chief divisions of Wales, in those old days were Gwynedd, or North Wales, Dheubarth, or South Wales, Powys, or East Wales, and Gwent and Morganwg which formed South-east Wales. The Queen descends from the princes of each and all of these divisions Her ancestor, Morfydd, daughter of Innyr, King of Gwent, was descended from Morgan Hen, Kiuc of Morganwg. Anghared, the wife of Rhodri Mawr was the heiress of Dheubarth. Nesta, his grand- mother, was the heiress of Powys and Essylt, his mother was the heiress of Gwynedd, and what is especially interesting on the present occasion, fourth in descent from Cadwalladwr, the last King of the Britons. The Welsh dearly love the traditions of their race, and take pride in the endurance of a civi- lisation, which dates from a period when all Wales was Christian, while Saxon England had lapsed into Paganism. Their ancestors loved their Church, when its Archbishop and bishops refused to recognise in Augustine (the missionary to the heathen Saxons) the right to graft the variations of Rome on the religion of Britain, and to mould their ancient faith to the needs and requirements of a novus horno in British Christi- anity. Every instinct of the Welshman is to preserve, not to destroy, and if the instincts of those who have to deal with this sensitive and tenacious people in the present day are but as true as theirs, we shall hear less and less, instead of more and more of what is called the estrangement of the Welsh. When the wisdom of Prince Albert counselled and established a royal residence in Scotland, few, perhaps, foresaw the happy influence that event would have in developing the loyal affection of the Scottish nation for the English throne. It is fell known that, had the Prince lived, he would ha,re founded near the Water of Dart," or some other of the appurtenances of the Duchy of Cornwall, a yachting residence for its Royal Duke. Who knows how much of the heart- burning caused and still existing by the joint- stock policy of the Council of the Duchy might have been thereby saved ? The same astute wisdom of the good Prince would doubtless have secured a summer palace amidst the mountains of Wales, and the Cymry would now not only be loyal, which they are, but have been able to nourish and display with pride, that undisputed loyalty which they have had but little opportunity of doing. There would be no need for the Royal family to don the robes of the bards and Druids to sing Pennillion or to establish a regiment of guards with a band of harpers. Their Queen's love for them, their country, and their traditions would suffice for the encouragement, development, and support of all wise aspirations of the Welsh race. With her in their midst, what would there have been to fear for their views of religion, from a monarch whose relations to the faith of Scotland must appeal so strongly to their respect ? What hostility to the language of the Cymry could find favour with a Queen who has been proud of the speech and traditions of the Gael ? What suppression of the cultivated and picturesque national tastes displayed in the Eisteddfod and in the Welsh social life would be feared from a sovereign who has thrown herself heart and soul into the life of the Highlands ? Nothing need now be said of the barbarism of England five hundred years ago, when the thought was that a race and a language could be stamped out at will. It is better to remember that Agincourt was won by an English king with his South Wales archers and his North Wales spearmen, that the advent of the Tudor Dynasty again made freedom a reality and loyalty possible, and that in the present day many a brave Welshman would glory in being able to share the fate of the gallant Sir David Gam, who gave his life to save his king. 0
SPEAK TRUTHFULLY TO CHILDREN. Never threaten children with a punishment more severe than it is intended to inflict, with such phrases, for instance, as If you do so-and- so I will cut your ears off," or similar absurd and barbarous threats. The child thus threatened will soon learn that his parent's words were false, and instead of promoting obedience they usually have the opposite effect. How often little ones are told direct falsehoods, as, if they are not quiet, the black man will carry them off," or the bears will eat them np," and many other equally senseless expressions, used to play upon their fears and frighten them into good behaviour. Under such training it will take but a little while for the child to learn to distrust such a parent, and thi) sweet confidence which should always exist between parent and child be broken. Perfect truthfulness should characterise all our dealings with children if we would have them become men and women who will be an honour to us, to their fellow men, and to themselves.
Her Majesty's ship Sultan has been safely towed to Malta, and will be docked without delay.
INDIAN MEDICINE-MEN. In a paper on the Dakotahs in the last report of the Smithsonian Institution, Mr Paul Beck- with remarks that the medicine-man, or high priest, is invariably a chief; and although he maintains his sway by the use of mysteries and incantations, he nevertheless at times shows a power which is not understood by those outside the cult or brotherhood, and through a know- ledge of the medicinal properties of herbs often performs cures that lead one to believe he is not altogether the charlatan he is represented. His cures are often the wonder of the United States I army surgeons. An accident in point is cited in the case of an Indian who one day came stagger- ing into camp with his leg horribly swollen from the bite of a venomous snake. The camp surgeon could do nothing for the sufferer, but he was completely cured by the medicine-man. Another case is quoted in which a cataract of the eye was cured by inserting brass filings into the affected organ. To impress upon the mind of the patient the Divine nature of his medicine, the medicine- man adds to the efficacy of his remedy mysterious pantomines, contortions of-the body and features, always to a drum accompaniment. If the patient is affected with a serious ailment, he places a paper or bark figure on the ground and, while the patient is held over it, he fires a gun, by which act the sickness passes into the image in the ground and is killed by the discharge of the gun. They claim that all this power is received from the Great Spirit, who confers upon them a spiritual medicine so powerful that they can kill at will, resuscitate the dead, and cure the sick. This spiritual medicine is represented by any- thing that strikes the fancy-as a bunch of feathers, a claw, a bird, or the head of an animal. When a council is held, a barricade is erected in the form of an ellipse, and a tent is raised at each end of the enclosure, one for the high priests or medicine-men and the other for ten men who have been selected to keep order and conduct the ceremony. The high priest, from his seat in the medicine-tent, appoints four assistants, one bear- ing a drum, one a pillo- and stick, one a rattle, while the last assists by grunting. A big drum in the centre of the circle is being constantly beaten by several drummers. The high priest then speaks to them of the holy dance which was founded centuries ago, and tells them of the power of the medicine of their ancestors, and warning sceptics not to scoff at them or their craft, as have they the power of thrusting a claw or stone through the body of any one at will, causing instant death. In proof of this assertion he calls one of his assistants to him and points toward him with his medicine bag, at the same time puffing at him with his lips, whereupon the assistant falls to the ground apparently senseless. Then the priest salaams to the four points of the compass, and invokes the Great Spirit to aid him and the other member; present in bringing the dead brother to life. The drums are then beaten and a frantic dance is begun, when the lifeless form gradually returns to consciousness and spits into his hand a mass of froth and blood, in which is found a claw or a stone. The high priest now dances around the circle, and, waving his medicine-bag, blows upon someone else, who in the same manner falls to the ground senseless. The chief continues, and the "dead men," reviving, assist in shooting others, until the enclosure is full of howling savages dancing, yelling, and shooting each other. When a new member is initiated, he is taken into the council tent for instructions, which are secret. He is then stripped of his clothing, excepting an apron about his loins and mocassins on his feet. He is then painted entirely black except a small red spot between his shoulders. The candidate is exherted to be good, and is told that his medicine will be correspondingly powerful, and that he must give a feast once a year. If he does not, he will meet with misfortunes, sick- ness, or death. The candidate now receives the holy claw or stone. The medicine-man, approach- ing him from the east, describes the course of the sun with the medicine-bag, and, bowing to the four points of the compass, mutters an incanta- tion, and thrusting the bag towards him says, "There goes the spirit." The candidate then falls prostrate, and blankets, skins, ornaments, ttre., are thrown as offerings over the candidate. At command of the high priest the novice recovers, and is presented with the medicine-bag, becoming a recognised member of the order. After these ceremonies the feast begins, and the food which has been cooking before the tent of the assistants is distributed among the people. The dance last from daybreak to daybreak of the day following; and as these dances are fre- quently given in winter with the thermometer often far below zero, it may easily he imagined how the candidates must suffer, clad as they are in a coat of paint. It is generally understood that the members of the order have secret signs and passes, but the penalty of exposure is so sure and swift that none of the secrets are ever divulged. There are well-known instances in which indiscreet members have mysteriously but permanently disappeared, at the instance, it is supposed, of the medicine-men.
A GERMAN VIEW OF MR. GLADSTONE Mr Gladstone's eloquence, writes Dr. Geffcken, shows, as its prominent quality, the acuteness of intelligent, methodical thought, and a readiness which, united with the most complete mastery of the matter, seems to require no preparation. He is, beyond all cavil, the first speaker of his time on subjects connected with public business, and is unsurpassed in power of luminous repre- sentations of economic questions. Relying on a memory that never fails, he knows how to impart life to the driest array of figures, to group them in attractive forms, and to expound them so that his hearers may have them completely in their grasp. Nor is he less able in mastering the most involved question of law. His imagination is short-winded, dry, and apt to lose itself in speculation his pathos is without warmth his diction lacks charm—in spite of his copious com- mand of language, his clear periods, and the inexhaustible staying power of his voice. The most unfavourable side of him as a speaker is seen when he begins to argue. No Escobar ever understood so well as he how to use languaye against the usage of language—to involve his thoughts in cloud, to explain away inconvenient facts, to leave for himself a back-door open for escape, and to father upon his opponents asser- tions which they would nowise acknowledge. He involves the truth so hopelessly that it is impos- sible to disentangle it.
HAPPY HUSBANDS. It is a man's own fault if he is unhappy with his wife, in nine cases out of ten. It is a very exceptional woman who will not be all she can be to a good husband, and a more exceptional one will not be very disagreeable if she finds herself wilfully neglected. It would be easy to hate a man, who, having bound a woman to him, made no effort to make her happy hard not to love one who was most constant and tender and when a woman loves she always tries to please. The eminent men of the world have often been wretched in their domestic relations, while com- mon-place men have been exceedingly happy. The reason is plain. Absorbed in themselves, those who desire the world's applause were care- less of the little world at home, while those who had none of that egotism strove to keep the hearts that were their own, and were happy in their tenderness. Few women will love a man better for being renowned or prom; lIell t, Though he be the first among men, she will only be prouder, not fonder and if she loses him through this renown, as is often the case, she will be too much grieved even to be proud. Give her Jove, appreciation, and kindness, and there is no ) sacrifice she would not make for his happiness and comfort. The man who loves her entirely is her hero and her king. No less a hero to her though he is not one to any other, no less a king though his only kingdom be her heart and lioine.
No MORE DBAF.—Nicholson's Patented Artificial Ear Drums cure Deafness and Noises in theHead in all stages. 132 page Illustrated Book, with full description, free.—Address J. H. Nicholson, 21, Bedford Square, London, W.C. On Tuesday a lad named John Fleming, of Aberavon, employed at the Morfa Colliery, whilst attempting to cross the rails near the weighbridge adjacent to the Morfa Colliery, slipped in front of an engine, and was instantly killed. J
SALE OF THE MAESGWYNNE HUNTERS AND FOXHOUNDS. Maesgwynne, Llanboidy, Carmarthenshire, the seat of the late Mr W. R. H. Powell, M.P., the oldest M.F.H. in Great Britain, was the scene of an interesting event on Friday last. Soon after the death of this county gentleman, who was most popular both as a landlord and as a leader of all sport, it was determined by the Powell family to dispose of the celebrated pack of fox- hounds* and keep on the establishment. It had been thought that the hounds would have been sold by private treaty—in fact, an offer was made by Lord Tredegar, but the odd he was willing to give for them not being considered a satisfactory price, it was resolved to pnt up the pack by public auction, together with a portion of a high-class stud, and other sundry matters which Mrs Roch and Miss Powell-who,. we understand, purpose to reside at Maegwynne- do not require. Considerable regret has been felt that an impression should have got abroad that the whole of the property of the mansion would be put in the market. The foregoing explanation will, therefore, be gratifying to the family and their friends, and dissipate a preva- lent erroneous idea. Incalculable benefit accrued to the neighbourhood during the lifetime of Mr Powell, and it is purposed to continue the patronage of every object having for its aim the prosperity of agriculture and the social and material well being of the people, which had been accorded with such hearty good will by the deceased member for West Carmarthenshire. As we have intimated, the establishment is to be maintained by his daughters, and a number of the most valuable horses are to be retained in the extensive and commodious stables, upon which quite a fortune has been spent, and we are glad to state that we have not heard the last of the famous breed of hunters for which Maesgwynne is noted all over the kingdom. The attendance at the sale of sporting gentlemen, dealers, and the general public was very numerous. A most sumptuous luncheon was partaken of by all comers in the dining-hall of the mansion, and at two o'clock the covered ring wherein Mr Powell used to exercise his horses in winter, was sought Here Mr Vincent Howell Thomas (of the firm of Messrs. J. Howell Thomas and Co.) proceeded to business. Amongst those present were Lord Tredegar, Colonel the Hon. F. C. Morgan, M P., Sir Marteine Lloyd, Bart. (Bronwydd), the Master of Elphinstone, and other titled gentle- men, whose names we were unable to obtain. The thirteen lots of hnnterB and colts he had to put under the hammer were, the auctioneer maintained, the grandest that this country could produce. The horses had been principally bred by Mr Powell. Mr Thomas said that all the lots had to be sold that day to the highest bidder, though he must acknowledge that there was a slight reserve on a few of them. No puftiing would be permitted the proceedings would be perfectly bona fide. Before calling any of the horses into the ring, he expressed the greatest possible regret—which, he was sure, was shared by many gentlemen around him—that they had lost the best sportsman Wales ever had (hear, hear). He had hunted that country for the past fifty years, and no one had ever done so much to contribute to the enjoyment of gentlemen inte- rested in sport as the late lamented squire (hear, hear). The first horse brought before the notice of the public was a chestnut gelding, Gay Lad," four years old, by "Cardigan Comet III. which carried the whip last season. It was knocked down to Mr Morris, Maesteg, for 56 guineas. Pepsine, a baj gelding, four years old, by "Zanzibar" out of "Lucy," was purchased by Lord Tredegar, for 90 guineas. A brown gelding, "Zulu," four years old, by "Zanzibar," was bought in. Another brown celding, "Pentre Boy," four years old, of the Free Trade stock, reached 130 guineas, but as it was considered to be worth much more, this lot was also reserved. A beautiful blood dun cob gelding, Sapphire four years old, 14.3 hands high, by Zanzibar'" out of Sapphirina," came next, and Mr Lort Phillips, of Lawrenny Park, Pembroke, became the possessor for 55 guineas. "Nyanza," four years old, by "Zanzibar," out of "Alice," by "Christmas Carol," out of "Mrs Evans," by Chit," was characterised as one of the plums of the day. The only offer was lCO guineas, which was, of course, refused. Joyeuse," a brown mare, four years old, by "Zanzibar," out of "Chauntress," by "Christmas Carol," out of "Countess" ("Congress"' dam), by "Slane," was much admired. Nevertheless, she found no buyer, though she is fit to win a steeplechase. The next lot was a young horse, "Shrewsbury," three years old, by » Shifnal," out of Chauntress, a most promising animal, full of quality, and up to any weight. Despite the fact that he was looked upon as one of the grandest horses in the country, no larger sum than 150 guineas could be obtained, and, therefore, he was likewise bought in. One might travel a great many miles before seeing a finer animal than Natal," five years old, by Zanzibar," out of "Alice." He is a perfect hunter and lady's hack, up to at least 13 stone, and fit for any company in the world. The bidding for him started at 200 guineas, and ended at 280 guineas, Mr Rintoul, St. Andrews, Fifeshire, being the buyer. Beware," a brown gelding, 6 years old, by St Liz," out of Beeswing," is a racer all over, and the lot fell under the hammer to Colonel Morgan M.P., for 100 guineas. "Merry Legs," brown gelding, 3 years old, by Cardigan Comet III. a good hack, with perfect action, was reserved, as were also several other lots. The company then went to the kennels, where the pack of forhounds (31 couples) was put up in one lot, and knocked down, amidst great applause, to Mr W. J. Buckley, M.F.H., Penyfai, Llanelly, for 700 guineas, a circumstance that was, indeed, very gratifying to the Carmarthenshire sporting gentlemen, who had desired to retain this famous pack in that county. The puppies were offered in lots of a couple and a half each, and were sold as follows — (1) 5 guineas, Mr Pryse Pryse, Gogerddan (2) 7 guineas, Colonel Howell, M.F. H., Noyaddfawr (3) 4 guineas, Mr Pryse Pryse (4) 3 guineas, Colonel Howell; and (5) 51 guineas, Mr W. Buckley.
THE NEW HUNTSMAN AND WHIP. The negotiations between the gentlemen who have interested themselres in reviving foxhunting in the old Carmarthen country and Mr W. J. Buckley, master of the Penllergare Hunt, have practically concluded, and we are able to give our readers what we believe will prove to be the basis of the agreement, to be submitted to a general meeting of the sportsmen of the county at an early date. Following upon the purchase of the Maesgwynne hounds by Mr Buckley on Friday, that gentleman met Mr T. Morris, of Coomb, Mr Grismond Philipps, of Cwmgwilly, and one or two others at Carmarthen on Saturday, and arranged matters as follows :—Mr Buckley will hunt the old Carmarthen country, from the Gwendraeth-fach to the Ginning rivers, free, and himself provide horses and hounds without a subscription of any scrt; the members of the hunt will build new kennels, tfec., and raise a cover fund to meet incidentals ia the shape of claims for damages, by farmers, &c. For the next season it is intended to repair and put in order the old kennels at Traveller's Rest, near Carmarthen, and the new kennels will be erected at or near that place, and will include, besides the accommodation for the combined pack, a six- stalled stable and two houses for the men. Mr Buckley has engaged Tom, the Maesgwynne whip, and intends that the horses he provides shall be, as now with the Penllergare hounds, all grey. With regard to the hounds, Mr Buckley intends to combine the Maesgwynne pack with that of Penllergare, so that the new pack will be a strong one, and likely to give exceedingly good sport. Since the Penllergare hounds have come into his possession, Mr Buckley has introduced a good deal of new blood from Warwickshire and other counties, and he intends crossing the Penllergare with those of Maesgwynne. It is intended, as we have already intimated, to call a meeting of gentlemen interested in sport in Car- marthenshire at an early date, and to them the arrangement, the terms of which we have stated above, and which must be admitted on all hands te be exceedingly gtuerous on Mr Buckley's part, will be submitted.