QUEEN'S COLLEGE, BIRMINGHAM. PBBFIDSNT: THE RIGHT HON. LORD WINDSOR. VICB-PBBSIDBNT: THE REV. CANON WILKIN- SON, D.D. WMIK: THE REV. W. H. POULTON, M.A. BON. SECRETARY: PROFESSOR WINDLE, M.A., MD. SECRET ART JOSEPH LEWIS, F.C.A. SCHOOL OF MEDICINE. The WINTER SESSION will COMMENCE on TUESDAY, the 1st October next. By arrangement with the Mason College, certain of the courses (marked *) are carried on in that Institution. The Museums and other means of teaching have been much augmented during the Suit few years; the College, with the two General ospitals, the Borough Asylum, and the Associated Special Hospitals, affording every opportunity for the stndy of Medicine and Surgery in all their branches. COLLEGE STAFF. MBDicii;E.-Professore Sir W. FOSTER, M.D., F.R.C.P., and Sir J. SAWYER, M.D. (Lond.). F.R.C.P. SURGHBT.—Professors O. PEMBERTON, F.R.C.S.; and BENNETT MAY, M.B., B.S. (Lond.), F.B.C.S. ANATOMT.—Professor BERTRAM C. A. WINDLE, M.A., M D., B. Ch. (Dub.) DEMONSTRATORS. Dr. MAHOOD, Messrs. J. LLOYD, W. F. HASLAM, F. MARSH, and J. A. KEMPE. •PHYSIOLOGY.—Professor F. J. ALLEN, M.A., M.B. (Cantab.) *CdzxisTia,r. -Professor W. A. TILDEN, D.Sc. (Lond.), F.R.S. 8.l'HY81C8.-Pro'eøso J. H. POYNTING, D.Sc. (Cantab), F.R.S. PATKOLOGT.—Professor G. BARLING, M.B., B.S. (Lond.), F.R.C.S. DEMONSTRATORS.—Drs. FOXWELL and MAHOOD. MIDWIFERY.—Professor J. CLA-YL. GTKACOLOQ Y— Professor LAWSON TAIT, F.R.C.S., M.D. •BOTANY.— Professor W. HILLHOUSE, M.A. (Cantab.), F.L.S. MATERIA MEDICA AND THERAPEUTICS.—Professors E. RICKARDS. M.A., M.B. (Oxon), F.R.C.P.; and C. W. SUCKLING, M.A. (Lond.), M R.C.P. FoaxNetc,MilDiciNz. -Professor J. St. S. WILDERS. ToxiCOLOGY.-Professor BOSTOCK HILL, M.D., F.I.C. •COMPARATIVE ANATOMT.—Professor W. BRIDGE, M.A. (Cantab.) OPHTHALMOLOOT.—-Professor J. VOSE SOLOMON, F.R.C.S. LUNACY AND MENTAL DisFAsics.-Professor E. B. WHITCOMBE. LECTURER ON OPERATIVE SURGERY.—T. H. BART. LEET, M.B. (Lond.), F.R.C.S. MEDICAL TUTOR.-A. E. MAHOOD, M.B., B.Ch. HOSPITAL STAFFS. THE GENERAL HOSPITAL. PSYSICIANs.-Dr. WADE, Sir W. FOSTER, Drs. RICKARDS and SAUNDBY. SURGEONS.—Messrs. O. PEMBERTON, BART. LEET, JOLLY, and CHAVASSE. OBSTETRIC OFFICER.-Dr. MALINS. ASSISTANT PHYSICIAN s.-Dre. SIMON and FOX. WELL. ASSISTANT SURGEONS. Messrs. HASLAM and BARLING. THE QUEEN'S HOSPITAL. PHYSICIANS.—Drs. CARTER and SUCKLING. SURGEONS.—Messrs WILDERS, MAY, LLOYD, and MARSH. OtICTSTP I r OWIPVD OPHTHALMIC SURGEON.—Mr. PRIESTLEY SMITH DENTAL SURGEON.—Mr. CHARLES SIMS. PHYSICIAN FOR OUT-PATIENTS.— CASUALTY SURGEONS.— Messrs. CLAY and MOR. RISON. Students have also access to the Borough Asylum -E. B. Whitcombe, Superintendent-to the Eye, aDd to the Orthopaedic Hospitals. There are special SKIN and THROAT and EAR Departments at the General Hospital. There is a DENTAL Department, in which, in conjunction with the Dental Hospital, the full carrioalum may be obtained. LECTURERS ON SPECIAL DENTAL SUBJECTS. DENTAL SURGERY.—CHARLES SIMS, L.D.S., Eng. DzNTALAmATONY.-JORNHUMPHREYS,L.D.S.I. DENTAL MECHANICS.—W. T. ELLIOTT, L.D.S. Ed. and I., F.C.S. eDBNT.A.L MwrALLuia(iy.-W. A. TILDEN, D.S. (Lond.), F.R.S. DENTAL TUTOft.-F. H. GOFFE, L.D.S. Eng. and Ed. For information respecting this Faculty, applica- tion should be made to Jno. Humphreys, Esq., I.D.S., 22, Newhall Street. For further information concerning the College, Curriculum, Scholarships, and Prizes, or for Pros- pectus, application should be made to the Warden or Professor Windle, M.A., Hon. Sec., at the College. JOSEPH LEWIS, Secretary. 21, Paradise Street. CARMARTHENSHIRE FARMERS' CLUB. THE next Quarterly Meeting of this Club will be JL held at the Boar's Head Hotel, Carmarthen, ont Tuesday, the 20th instant, at one o'clock p.m. The subjects for discussion will be Butter VpoWries' and Butter-making Competition." A Butter Worker, a Horse Hoe, 2 Cart Bridles, 2 Cross-cut Saws- 2 Cart Ropes, 6 Dang Forks, 12 Pitchforks, 6 Hatchets, and 6 Billhooks will be dis- tributed by lot. W. W. PROSSER, Secretary. Alltyferin, Nantgaredig, August 8th, 1889. MR. "OHM WMUJMM ANNOUNCEMENT. CARMARTHENSHIRE. PARISH OF LLANSAWEL. SALE OF A VERY VALUABLE FREEHOLD FARM. MR. JOHN WILLIAMS has received instructions to offer for SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the Cawdor's Arms Hotel, Llandilo, on Saturday, September 7th, 1889, all that very valuable Freehold Farm called DOLAUISSA," conveniently situated close to the main road leading from Llansawel to Llany- byther, near the village of Rhydcymmerau, and con- taining by admeasurement 70 acres, or thereabouts, of excellent Meadow, Pasture, and Arable Lands. Further particulars from the Auctioneer at Llan- dovery, and Messrs. Evans and Sinnett, Solicitors, Llandovery. MR. T. RULE OWEN% ANNOUNCEMENTS. CARMARTHENSHIRE, ■^ri v PARISH OF MYDRIM, SALE OF AN IMPORTANT FREEHOLD ESTATE. MR. T. RULE OWEN will Offer for SALE by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the Ivy Bush Hotel, Carmarthen, on Saturday, the 17th day of August, 1889, at 2 o'clock p.m. precisely, the "PZNTOWrlf ESTATE," comprising Penlowin House, and extensive Outbuildings, Cottage and Garden, and 187 Aores 0 Roods and 38 Perches of rich Meadow, Pasture, Arable, and Woodland; also the Farm of" CWMPALIS," adjoining the above, with Farm-house and premises a Cottage and Garden called CWMPALISFAOH," and 59 Acres 2 Roods and 16 Perches of Meadow, Pasture, Arable and Wood- land. The Property, which will be offered in one lot comprises some of the richest land in that proverb- ially good agricultural district, and is well-watered. The timber is of large size and very valuable, and the plantations are thriving. The Estate is inter- sected by good roads, and is distant about 1 mile from the St. Clears station on the Great Western Railway. Printed particulars, with plans, are in course of preparation, and may be obtained of Mr T. Rule Owen, Estate Agent and Valuer, Haverfordwest, and of Messrs. EATON EVANS & WILLIAMS, Vendor's Solicitors, Haverfordwest. Haverfordwest, July loth, 1889. MR. JOHN FRANCIS'S ANNOUNCEMENTS. CARMARTHEN MONTHLY MARKET. IMPORTANT SALE OF PURE-BRED SHROPSHIRE RAM LAMBS. MR. JOHN EVANS is instructed by Mr J. Evans, of Alltycadno, to hold his ANNUAL SALE of SHROPSHIRE RAM LAMBS, at the Cattle Market Place, Carmarthen, at 10.30 a.m., on Tuesday, the 20th day of August, 1889, comprising about 35 grand big Shropshire Ram Lambs, sired by Goldfinder (3995) and Royal Baron (3697). PRELIMINARY ANNOUNCEMENT. CARDIGANSHIRE- PARISHES OF LLANARTH, LLANDYSSILIO GOGO, CYD- PLWYF, HENFYNYW, AND LLANINA. TO BE SOLD by AUCTION, by Mr JOHN FRANCIS, in the middle of September next, the farms of Wern-newydd, Perthnidr, Perthpiod, Cefn-perthpiod, Pontfaen, Cefnmaesllan, Castell or Castell-y-geifr. Rhyd or Rbydygofiant, Panteryrod, Ffyllonfach, Wrglod, Rhos-mouut, Pentre James, Oernant, Llain, Gilfach-yr-halen, Birgoed, Llwyn. bedw, Cilcert, Darrenfawr, Ffynongloch, Wern Mill, and Pantgwair; also about 40 Dwelling- houses and small Holdings; all comprising an area of about 2,000 acres. Particulars, plans, and conditions of sale afe being prepared, and may shortly be obtained of Mr John Francis, auctioneer, land agent, valuer, and surveyor, Carmarthen; or of MESSRS. WOOD & TALBOT, Solicitors, Rhayader, Llanidloes, and Newtown MESSRS. J. HOWELL THOMAS A M. $ ANNOUNCEIAENTS. COUNTY OF CARMARTHEN. MAESGWYNNE, LLANBOIDY. J. JIi, Preliminary Notice of an unusaally" Important* Sale of a high class stud of grand matured HUNTERS, and most promising highly-bred YOUNG BLOOD STOCK. Also the celebrated MAESGWYNNE PACK OF FOX-HOUNDS, numbering about 33 couple of Hunting Hounds, and a fair contingent of Puppies. This Pack is admittedly the best in all Wales. The late Master's experience a a M.F.H. exceeded fifty years, and the present Pack has some of the best strains of blood that can possibly be obtained. In addition to the Foxhounds and the grand stud of Horses will also be Sold numerous Ricks of well- harvested HAY, STACKS of CORN, &c., and some IMPLEMENTS of HUSBANDRY. MESSRS. J. HOWELL THOMAS & co. are favoured with instructions from the Repre- sentatives of the late W. R. H. Powell, Esq., M.P., to SELL by AUCTION, at Maesgwynne, on Friday, August the 23rd (the day following the Carmarthen Hunters' Show), the above very valuable, briefly described, well-knowu Stud of Horses and the grand, far famed Pack of Foxhounds, &c. Full descriptive catalogues and any information may be obtained from the Stud Groom, at Maesgwynne, or from Messrs: J. Howell Thomas k Co., estate agents and auctioneers, Carmarthen. PREPAID SCALE FOR SMALL ADVERTISEMENTS. Words. One Three [ Six Insertion. Insertions, j Insertions. d. d. s. d. 16 0 6 1 0 1 6 21 0 y 16 2 3 32 1 0 2 0 3 0 40 1 a 2 6 3 9 Each 8 Words 3d. 6d. 9d. These charges apply to the following classes of Advertisements Situations Wanted, Situations Offered, Apartments to Let, Apartments Wanted, Money Loans, Partnerships, Business for Sale, Lost and Found, a Miscellaneous Wants, Houses, Shops, Offices, Public-Houses to Let or Sell, or any Specific Articles for Sale by Private Contract. N.B.—The above Scale does not apply to Public Bodies. Cheques and Post Office Orders should be made payable to The Journal" Company, Limited. If not paid in advance, the ordinary Credit rate will be charged.
THE Tithe Debate is proceeding, and it is instructive to note the Gladstonian attitude on the Tithe Debate Subject. Mr Gladstone has lately told us in a letter which appeared in all the papers that he does not consider people are justified in refusing to pay the tithes they owe as a protest against the use to which those tithes are now put. Mr Stephen Gladstone, who draws some thousands a year from the Rectory at Hawarden has signed the petition, got up by the Bishop and Clergy of St. Asaph, imploring the Government to pass the Tithe Bill, and explaining if it fails that it means simple starvation to many of the Welsh Clergy. There can be no doubt, there- fore, as to their opinions on the principle of the little Bill which simply and solely aims at substituting the antiquated and disagree- able process of distraint with all its incite- ments to ill-feeling and riot, for the one applicable to all other species of debts, viz.— the County Court. It is impossible to believe they can disapprove of this; and yet what is their course of action 1 Air Gladstone, who thought it was imperative on him to remain in London for the Irish Debates when his eldest son lay dangerously ill at Hawarden, is there now giving garden parties, and exhibit- ing his golden wedding presents. Mr Herbert Gladstone has left town for good on a sporting tour in Scotland, he being an enthusiastic sportsman as a Gladstonian Daily gives by way of explanation. These are the important excuses which keep the largest tithe pro- prietors in Wales absent at this critical moment, and silent when the whole Princip- ality would like to know their definite and distinct views on the subject. Is this c. conspiracy of silence," right or honourable 1 or, is it not rather suggestive of those stopped up ears" to the crime of Ireland when its apologists can muster eighty five votes ?
THE Cardiganshire County Council, sitting at Aberayron last Thursday, unanimously ap- proved the motion of Major Price Lewes- That this Council, recognizing the pressing need of the extended railway communication in this county and in Wales generally, should invite the Councils of adjoining counties to form a joint committee to consider the whole question, and to draw up a scheme to be urged in Parliament for a system of light railways, to be constructed by aid of Govern- ment loans or otherwise." We think this is a step in the right direction, and may lead to useful results if other Councils are found to share the views of the Cardiganshire coun- cillors. Further railway extension is un- doubtedly one of the greatest needs of Wales at the present time, and any reasonable scheme for supplying that want is worthy of consideration by a Joint Committee formed from a group of County Councils. The idea of State-aided railways for Wales may appear somewhat startling at first, but there is really nothing novel about it, for, as Major Lewes reminded the County Council, our greatest Colonies, India, Canada and Australia, including as they do the largest area of our Empire, have been assisted by their respective Governments in the matter of railways by subsidies, guaranteed interest, loans, or by railroads constructed and maintained by Government, to their very great advantage and the rapid development of their resources. But the principle involved comes nearer home to us in the material aid already bestowed upon Ireland in this direction by Parliament, with more in prospect under the provisions of the Light Railways (Ireland) Bill at present under discussion, and intended still further "to facilitate the construction of light rail- ways in Ireland." Now, whilst we would deny no single plum to the sister Isle, we should like to see some similar system to facilitate railway construction extended to this country, and the furtherance of this object, which aims at conferring a real boon upon Wales, is pre-eminently one which should engage the earnest attention of our neighbouring County Councils. The history of some of our existing Welsh railroads is a sad record of roads badly located, not infre- quently through the perverseness or folly of landowners, blinded to their own interests, and vast sums of money recklessly expended through the lack of knowledge on the part of the original shareholders. Contractors fat- tened upon the spoils, and railway enterprise in the Principality was practically buries) back for at least a quarter of a century. Wo hold with Major, Lewes that it is in vain to look to the great companies for a speedy extension through purely agricultural districts, and that we should strive to obtain light railways in the direction already referred to, and believe with him that such roads, judi- ciously located and economically constructed, would pay a fair interest on the capital sum invested. The question of gauge is an impor- tant feature, and, where warranted by the probable traffic, it would naturally conform to that of the main linps; whilst on less impor- tant rotates it; ntafioiv gatiige ifcilroatl iriigfct -t meet the requirements of the district. Major Lewes indicated certain lines which, from his local knowledge) pres6nted themselves to his mind as desirable to build, and, amongst others, one to connect Llandilo with the sea- coast at Aberayron; of this route we have heard some talk before, and it is generally admitted that a, light railroad between thpse points would pay indeed, we venture to think that not only would it pay, but that the development of traffic would within a few years' time require the light line to be re- adjusted for heavy traffic. Major Lewes' estimate of L7,000 a mile for this line seems excessive, as it would be easy to construct, and we are informed upon fairly reliable authority that the cost should barely reach X,5,000 a mile. Other lines were suggested for Cardi- ganshire a short line of about '13 miles from Aberayron, vid Llanrhystid and Carrog'Valley, to join the Manchester and Milford at Llanilar, probably a narrow gauge at a cost hardly exceeding L2,000, a mile, and passing through an excellent agricultural district; the present ordinary road traffic affords good evidence of the probable paying qualities of that route. Another line to join Llandyssil with New Quay would probably pay if a narrow gauge, as there appears to be now a very large traffic by road. Major Lewes paid a just tribute to the natural features of the picturesque little watering places on the Cardigan coast at present inaccessible to, and unrecognized by, the general public, but which, with the advent of railways, could not fail to become important and popular seaside resorts. Pembrokeshire was also referred to, and the importance suggested of the northern, part being opened up by a line from Haver- fordwest to Fishguard, which latter place would probably become another point of departure for the Irish coast. Again it seems natural that a light line should follow a route from St. David's, vid Fishguard and Newport, to join the Cardigan line at Crymnrych. The Cardiganshire County Council instructed their clprk to forward a copy of their resolution to the Councils of Carmarthenshire, Breconshire, and Pembrokeshire, and we shall dwait the result with much interest, believing that the initiative has been taken in a movement which, if brought to a successful issue, will confer enormous benefits upon our agricultural districts and seaside towns on the Cardigan coast.' <
ANOTHER important question discussed at the, Aberayron meeting was the Sunday Closing. Act. Though we fail-to see there was any special reasons why the subject should ever have been placed on the agenda paper, and though we believe it was intrusive on the part of the supporters- of the motion to present their petition to the Royal Commission.* that the Act under certain conditions be continued, yet we quite agree -\yith them as to. tlve im- portance of the question with which Sunday Closing has more or less to do,* viz., 9 -1, Temperance, and we believe that, the time is not far distant when County Council will be called upon to deal with it with firrttneas and effect. The temperance cause will and must grow. Such at least-is the opinion of a keen politician Lord Randolph Churchill who knows well the mind of the Democracy. A very large number of the people are tired of the rowdyism, poverty, and crime caused by the drinking habits of a certain section of the inhabitants of this country, and they have determined to do their best to withdraw some of the fatal facilities to get drink. In 1853 the Scottish Sunday Closing Bill was carried. Those interested in, the trade raised an outcry against it, at d a Royal Commission was appointed to -enquire into its working. A very favourable report was issued, and since then nothing has been heard against the Act. In Ireland the people have had Sunday Closing since 1879. A similar outcry was made against the working of the Act. A Select Committee sat, and so far from recommending the repeal of the Act, urged that it should be made still more stringent. Mr W. H. Smith lately said that Government hoped to pass a Bill, embodying g .this advice, before the endof- the, session. The Welsh Sunday Closing Bill was passed viA 1881. We should have thought that the opponents of such legislation might have learnt wisdom by their failures in former cases. But they have not, and so a Royal Commission is now being held to decide whether the Act has been successful or net. The evidence, so far, has been singularly monotonous in its favour. Of course, there are many thirsty people who procure drink, and who would do so under any circum- stances, but these are not the kind of persons for whom it would be wise to repeal an Act. A Sunday Closing Bill for England has passed its second reading. Now all this has been done in the face of what Lord Randolph calls an enormously powerful political organization; so powerful and so highly prepared as to be almost like a Prussian army. An organiza- tion which he also says has successfully intimidated members of Parliament and directly overthrown two Governments.
THE HEATHER. The purple of the heather is on our hills again, and to all lovers of the mountains its coming must be dear. To students of nature the year is made up of many zones, and not the least favoured is that to which the heath is faithful. Its presence makes us think it would be no hard penance to join the wool- gatherers in their gleaning, and while amass- ing wealth, on a miniature scale, lay in a store of health for the body and delight for the fancy. It is the genuine wool-gatherers to whom allusion is here made—strong-armed matrons of the Cardiganshire wilds, good- hearted, smiling-faced, sturdy lasses, not that more hapless hand to whom to be compared is no especial compliment! These model wool-gatherers found it even in this current year of 1889 worth their while to go out week by week, and win from gone-bush and broom, from hedge hank and boglands, wool that the sheep had been obliging enough to leave sus- pended there for their benefit, ere yielding themselves up to the hand of the shearer. But that was in earlier months than these, when the nut-like fragrance of the heather was yet to seek, and we must follow the sportsman now if we want the excuse of a practical motive for taking our pastime on the hills. To watch the bees might be to some a dearer object, seeing the fascination those well-armed little Pharisees exert over sundry well-bdanced minds, to whom their sting seems no objection. But the custom that obtains in some counties of setting the hives iu the heather during the flower season does not find much favour in the Principality, so they must be studit-d without adventitious aids. Go to the mountains for what we will, bow- ever, no cleaner-faced blossom than the heath .ever welcomes ns there. Bright as toys the tufts stand on the turf-banks, and the purity and homeliness that characterise them near turn to majesty when we see them massed in .e imperial purple, and spreading away in the distance. Which things araan allegory not the only instance by many that simplicity and grandeur are found to be identical, and beauty of harmony and holiness the certain result. Not even to that patriot of the pen who has written down Scotland as the special land of brown heath and shaggy wood do we yield in love of the heather, and that sportsman is no sportsman who can follow the game from morning dews till evening with no thought for its beauty as he treads it under foot. For a sportsman to come up to the ideal must be made up of as many ingredients as the poet in Rasselas," and, indeed, be that poet to a certain extent. •; Alas for those who never sing, But die with all their music in them is, after all; a morbid lament, born chiefly of the error of supposing poetry to be confined [ p '5 to a verse that trots decourously on all fours, and rhymes to the echo. But Taliesin took a different view. I have been," he writes, in many shapes before I attained a congenial form. I have been a boat on the sea, I have been a director in battle, I have been a sword in the hand, I have been the string of a harp. There is nothing in which I have not been." And if we moderns have not found out that poetry can lie in a gun and brace of setters, in the climb up a crag, in the stride of a hunter over the turf, we are not worthy to be called his countrymen. And is there not good luck among the heather no less than popti-yl Is not white heath the bringer of happy fortune—golden days? Yes, and may the pair who linked their fates together in July truly find it so. For did not Lord Fife on his marriage morning send those fair white blossoms to his chosen Princess, and may we not hope that that little offering of romance was not given in vain ?
4 pleasant surprise awaits the Emperor William on his visit to Osborne. In the garden near the flag tower is a magnificent myrtle which has a pretty history. When the Princess Royal was married and was going off with her bride- groom, the Crown Prince of Prussia, she kissed her mother, and taking from her marriage bouquet a piece of myrtle laughingly presented it to her. The Queen kept the little sprig, had it sent down to Osborne and planted in the garden and now, under the genial skies of the Isle of Wight, it has grown into a spreading shrub, quite as grand in its way as the still young Emperor who is not so old by a year. • i Why ought the Royal Family to be pleased at Princess Louise's marriage ?—Because they have got. a Fife" into their German Band. Few people are aware that although the Duke and Duchess of Fife remained at home on Sunday ^.morning after their wedding, in the evening the happy couple might have been seen in an ordinary ,hanioni.driving rapidly towards a neighbouring village church for evening service^ unattended by [ any suite,, the Princess in theqtmetcst of Sunday dress, with a waterproof, and the Duke in ordinary, not to say shabby, morning attire. They had told the-driver to wait the close of the service, but the man misunderstood, and so, the little simple village, church service over, the Duke and his bride sallied forth with the other Worshippers, and in the gloaming of a summer's evening walked quietly back to their house across the park, hardly noticed. There is some- thing rather touching in this act of the Princess Louise. She has been brought up by a care- ful, fond mother in all the outward forms of her Church, and even on the first Sunday of her newly-wedded life she was not happy until she attended the service to which she had always been accustomed. # The phonograph has been turned to a new use-to record the sounds given by the heart and lungs under auscultation. This should be invalu- able in consultation, as a true account of the patient's condition can be sent to a doctor at a distance. • Lady Guinese has given an order for a diamond necklace, to a famous firm of jewellers which will take several years to execute owing to the present scarcity of stones of the first water. The design for the ornament is superb, and its cost will be about 925,OW V Colonel Masefield and the officers of the King's Shropshire Light Infantry had their annual inspection on Friday, the 9th, at the Race Course, Aberystwith. This is the second time that they have visited Wales, and the Mayor and Town Council echoed the sentiments of the neighbour- hood when they presented Colonel Masefield with a vote of thanks for selecting their town for their visit, and expressed a hope that they would come again. The corps was over 800 strong, and in- cluded 20 officers. The tents were all pitched on I. the flat land, underneath the picturesque grounds of Tan-y-bwlch, and presented a very animated appearance, though the grey uniforms with black facings were a little subdued in the eyes of those inoculated If with scarlet fever." Colonel Masefield, however, makes it a point that their uniform shall not be changed as he wishes them to remain distinctly volunteers. The day opened rather threateningly, but the rain kept off, and the evening was gloriously beautiful. The troops were inspected by General Colville and Lt.-Col. Warren. They acquitted themselves with great credit. At two o'clock the officers, Mrs Colville, Mrs Warren, and Mrs Murray, received the in- vited guests, who sat down to a sumptuous luncheon in a marquee erected in the camp. Amongst those present were the Lord Lieutenant of Cardigan, Mrs and Miss Davies-Evans, Mr and Mrs Powell (Nanteos), Major, Mrs, and Misses Bassett Lewis, Mrs Lloyd-Phillips, Mrs Richards (of Brynceithin), the Misses Bonsall, the Misses Davies (of Cwmgoedwig), Mr Vaughan Davies, Prebendary Williams, the Mayor of Aberystwith, Prebendary Williams, the Mayor of Aberystwith, and many others, between 100 and 200 covers being laid. The athletic sports then began, the running j high jump being particularly well contested. The prize for the smartest turned out volunteer wis very interesting, as the competition was so close that General Colville, who was adjudicating, at last declared that it was impossible to choose between four of the men. so the prize was divided. They were all so carefully got up that they were sent back for the most trifling things-a buckle an inch higher or lower, a speck on an otherwise brilliant bayonet, a crooked finger on a rifle, an improper slope of feet, ct-c. The day concluded with tugs of war and bayonet exercise. The prizes were given away by Miss Davies-Evars, and partaking of five o'clock tea the company then broke up after a most pleasant day. On the Saturday the corps returned home after a week's sea breezes. The conduct of the men was declared by all to have been most orcerly, and the outing generously afforded them by their officers was highly appreciated. # # # A Londoner, writing to a friend from a Car- marthenshire address, gives the following account of the postal arrangements "The posts aie a little awkward. In one place near the post a woman comes round with the letters in her apron, and asks you whether there are any for you i Our post woman has been dismissed because the letters were continually found in the ditch, she taking a quiet nap by the roadside, and her donkey grazing near. Now we have a very small boy and things are better." Can any of our readers recount similar experiences? # • Miss Lewis, No 10, Parade, Carmarthen, who is now staying with her sister, Mra Powell, of Nanteos, is recovering slowly, but surely, from her recent severe attack. V Mr and Mrs T. R. Roberts, Penywern, when, on their honeymoon abroad, were suddenly re- called, by the unexpected death of Mr Paull, the bride's father. %# Mr Son sail, of Fronfraith, last week narrowly escaped a_ serious accident wheu riding through Aberystwith. His horse suddenly took alarm at an arch of flags across the street, put up in honour of the Shropshire Volunteers. The horse bolted and plunged in a frightful manner, and, but for the able horsemanship of Mr Bonsall, the adventuse might have terminated with serious consequences. w • The Rev. Watkin Herbert Williams. Vicar of Dodel wyddan, Chancellor of St. Asaph's Cathedral, and Rural Dean, has been appointed Archdeacon and Oanon of St. Asaph.
NOTICE TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. We have been obliged to hold over several interesting articles and pieces of poetry also some district news, most of which will appear in our next. -EDITOR,
THE United Counties Hunters' show, which takes place at Carmarthen on Thursday next, promises to be quite above the average, as no less than 140 horses have been entered. The jump- ing prizes, for which there is an entry of 16, will create a deal of excitement, some of the best known hunters in the country having entered, and the jumps will be of all sorts. PARLIAMENTARY ITEMS.—Petitions were pre- sented to the House of Commons in favour of the Closing of Public-houses in England on Sunday by Mr Lloyd Morgan (West Carmarthen) from school boards in Car- marthenshire, and from Mr W. Davies (Pem- brokeshire) from St. David's, Conwil-Elvet, &c. -Col. the Hon. F. C. Morgan (Monmouthshire) has paired with Mr W. Davies (Pembrokeshire) in favour of the Government on the Tithe Bill, and also for the remainder of the session. THE MAESGWVNXE FOXHOUNDS.—On Saturday afternoon a meeting of gentlemen interested in foxhunting was held at the Ivy Bush Royal Hotel, Carmarthen, to consider the desirability of taking steps towards retaining the celebrated Maesgwynne pack of foxhounds (now advertised for sale) in the Carmarthen county. Mr Grismond Phillipps, Cwmgwilly, presided, and there were present Messrs T. Morris, Coomb T. Parkinson, Castle Pigin; H. G. Lawrence, Waungron A. W. O. Stokes, Ystradwrallt; J. Beynon, Trexern; Protheroe, junr., Cwmgwilly, D. Howell Thomas, Derllys; A. R. Carver Maesgwyn; H. Cadle, Carmarthen and D. E. Williams, Carmarthen. After a brief discussion, it was decided to approach Mr W. J. Buckley, of Penyfai, on the subject, and the meeting was adjourned for a fortnight. AUGUST FAIR.—August fair was held at Car- marthen on Monday and Tuesday last. On Monday a very large number of horses were brought in, and in spite of the very much lower prices offered by the dealers, a good clearance was effected. Superior horses fetched from JE40 to 950 inferior ones, £ 20 to £30; while screws" sold at from 25 to il5. Two-year-old colts and fillies reached 914 to £ 20; yearling", 28 to £14; and ponies RILO to 214. The show of cattle brought in was smaller than usual, and the demand was not so great as had been expected, neither were the sums. realised so high as had been given of late. The greatest demand was evinced for two-year-old heifers. The qrota tions were Steers, 215; yearlings, 9 to E12; two-year-old heifers, ;CIO to £ 15 yearlings, £ 6 to £ 10 and cows and calves, tl2 to £20. At the pig fair on Tuesday there was a very large show of pigs, and in consequence of this the sale of them was slow. Good sized store pigs realist d from 30s to 40s smaller pigs, from eight to t- n weeks old, selling at from 16s to 22s each. A large number of nice fat pigs went at 9a a score, and the coarser kind sold at about 8s. a score. A great many old sows were brought in, but there was no demand for them. THE JOURNAL WAYZ(;OOSF,. -The employes of THE JOURNAL CO., Limited, this year, in accordance with an old custom newly revived, had a most pleasant outing, the place selected for the trip being the picturesque little watering-place, Pendine. Though assembling at THE JOURNAL Office at about eight o'clock on Friday morning, the employes delayed their departure for about an hour, owing to the heavy rain which fell. At 9 o'clock, therefore, they got into the large break they had provided, and after a very pleasant drive, their destination was reached about 12 o'clock. Lunch almost directly afterwards was sat down to in one of the caves, and after justice had been done to it sports, such as racing, jumping, &c., were indulged in. About five o'clock the party returned to Laugharne, where an excellent dinner was provided at the Pelican Inn by Mrs Perrott. After dinner a short survey of Laugharne was made, and again a move was made to the Pelican, where a pro- gramme, consisting of speeches, songs, and dancing was gone through, Mr Hurt Horobin, of London, kindly presiding at the piano. The health of The Directors," coupled with the name of Colonel H. Davies-Evans, was proposed, and received with musical honours and other toasts, such as THE JOURNAL," "The Jobbing Department," &c., were also giv. n during the course of the proceedings. Mr J. H. Spurry, Carmarthen (district representative of the Rudge Cycle Co.), who, at the foreman's invitation, had come down on purpose by the 7 o'clock train to take part in the musical pro- gramme at Laugharne, delighted the company with a number of comic songs, several of which elicited loud applause. Before separating, three cheers were given for those gentlemen who had contributed towards the expenses of the trip, and an adjournment was then made for the break, and Carmarthen reached about 11 o'clock. Despite the rain which fell during the earlier part of the day, a most enjoyable day was spent.
LLANDILO. FATAL ACCIDENT.—Mr John Harries, Black- smith, Goitre, Rhyw'radar, Llangathen met with a sad accident on Tuesday evening last by being thrown out of his trap on the old Carmarthen Road near Broad Oak. When found he was unconscious, and was driven home by a neigh- bour. After suffering for three or four hours he succumbed to his injuries. Deceased was in his 87th year and was widely known and greatly respected by all whom he came in contact with.
"THE ANTIQUITY OF MAN." To the Editor of THE JOURNAL. Siu.-illy attention has been drawn to an article in your JOURNAL, of A"gust 9.h, in reply to a recent article of mine on the Antiquity of Man," which you quoted from the Edinburgh Weefdy Scotsman, It would be superfluous, to enter into argument with a critic who, I presume, has chosen his hypothesis independent of the legitimate demaiid-i of scientific accuracy. It is to be greatly regretted that many would-be scientists now-a-days adopt what is called Anticipating Science" out of which they manu- facture weapons with which to assail reli-I )n. These methods have never yet been embraced by scientists of cultured ability, hence the labours of these scientific agnostics do not deepen men's reverence, and feed and (picken what is noblest in man'a nature. Yea, I rather take leave to think that the cultivators of this f"lie science are doing not a little to llloen the authority of what is already authenticated, and eipt»cially to impart if not destroy the educational value of genuine science, and philosophy. It does not belong to my purpose to analyze the arguments (or rather the contentions i of the article under discussion. I prefer to abide by the authenticated popular theories of the "Antiquity of Man." it is his duty to disprove the present chronology of the Christian world. This can never be accomplished by the kind of logic and philosophy presented to our view by amateurs in philosophy at the pre- sent time. As I have already shown, the origin of man is of recent date. This is amply brought out in that no human petrifactions have been dis- covered, no remains of man have been found even in the tertiary and alluvial deposits. Adam's ashes lie in the upper soil, and the world shows that at each stage of its history it was fitted to the creatures who claimed it as their home. Geology has got nothing to do with an antiquity posterior to man. From that moment the world is reconcileable to the sacred chronology. All that geology requires for the utmost scope of the great investigations is comprised in the time which is included in the first and second verses of the history. Much nonsense might have been spared if some theorists would bear in mind the obvious ttuth that free thought and science are mutually incon- sistent. The one supposes the absence of the other. I again say that the argument from tools and instruments of labour is nihil ad rem. Yours very truly, JOHN SUTHERLAND. Latheron, Caithness.
LLANYBRI. THE members of the above church choir attended the Choral Festival last Tuesday at Laugharne. The day turned out very fine. The Festival was a great success, and it reflects great credit on Mr Radcliffe the conductor as well as on the choirs who took part in the service. Dinner was served for the choirs of Llanybri and Llan- gunnock at Brown's Hotel. The landlady catered with her usual good style, and all the members were thoroughly pleased with the excellent dinner. The choirs were allowed to go round Mrs Norton's beautiful grounds. Everything looked at its very best. The interior of the old castle had the appearance of a Fairy Paradise." The asters, geraniums, fuschias, &c., were a sight worth seeing, not to mention the grand views to be obtained from the walls and towers. A visitor could not help feeling a thrill of awe and respect for such a grand old place. Mrs Norton very kindly supplied all the eight choirs with tea, cake, buns &c., on the lawn, and all thoroughly enjoyed such a rare treat. The festival anthems and hymns, as well as some songs were sung on the Castle grounds. Hearty cheers were given to the good and philanthropic lady, who had so generously added to the day's success and enjoy- ment. After singing the National Anthem all the choirs wended their way home, carrying with them very pleasant recollections of Laugharne and its attractions.
CAIO. CHILDREN'S TREAT. —For some years past Sir James Hills-Johnes, Lady Hills-Johnes, and Mra Johnes (Dolaucothi), have been accustomed each year to invite the school children of this parish to a tea, which previous to the late invasion of the far famed Ogofau by gold miners, used to be laid out beneath its hoary oaks. The young people have learnt to look forward to a day spent at Dolaucothi as the great event of the year. This year Sir James and the ladies were absent for a lengthened period on the Continent, and fears were entertained that the time spent abroad would prevent the annual treat taking place. However, on their return, arrangements for the entertainment of young Caio commercjl forthwith, and Thursday last, the 8th inst., was the day appointed for the feast. The four schools of the parish, Crugybar, Farmers, Caio village, and Cwrt met at the Ojjofau Lodge, whence they marched with banners flying in front of the beautiful mansion of Dolaucothi, where Sir James, the ladies with quite a number of guests reviewed the children who were com- plimented on their industry and taste as testified by the flags and banners they carried. The tables had been laid in the commodious coach- house which had be3n tastefully hung with drapery on which the leek and dragun were prominent emblems. The children having had their fill, their place was taken by parents and friends, while they made their way to fine field near the Ogofau for games and sports. The old trees had been utilized to suspend swings from, which without loss of time were set in motion. The programme of sports gone through included races of various kinds, tugs of war, and barrow wheeling competitions. With a women s race the sports ended, and all the company -ended their way to Dola-cothi, where Mr Chidlow, the worthy vicar, in the name of those who had been entertained there that day, proposed a vote of thanks for the very kind treatment they had received, and pointed out that being allowed to see the beauties of Dolaucothi was an education as well as a pleasure. He was ably seconded by Mr Davies, Farmers. Sir James, in replying for himself, Lady Hills-Johnes and Mrs Johnes wished it made known that Mrs Lloyd and Mr George Lloyd (Brunant), and Mrs Ross had handsomely contributed towards the prizes, and called for three cheers for the aforementioned ladiee, and /or Mr Lloyd as he was in India. Mr Chidiow s sally, "and may he return a V.C. and Lieutenant-General," drew forth renewed cheers. Lady Hills-Johnes sang Hen wlad fy Nnadau, all joining in the chorus, and this was followed by the National Anthem. The children were given some cake to take with them, and then all separated well pleased at the pleasant day spent.
BIRTHS^ JONES. August 11th, at Pictou House, Carmar- then, the wife of Mr J. D. Stacey Jones, of a daughter. SHORT. August 11th, at 24, Francia-terrace, Carmarthen, the wife of Mr Henry Short, of a daughter. MARRIAGES. CHAVE-DAVIES. On the 8th inst., at Llangain Church, by the Rev. T. W. Bankes-Jones, vicar of Eastville, Bristol (brother-in-law of the bride) assisted by the Rev. D. Harwood Hughes, Vicar of Gorslas, and the Rev. D. Evans, Vicar of the parish, George Pearson Tanner, Solicitor, younger son of the Rev. Dr. Chave, Vicar of St. Ann's, Wandsworth, to Emily Bankea, youngest daughter of the late Charles Bankes Davies, Llwyndu, Carmar- thenshire. LEYSHON-EVAN.S.-Oll the 11th inst., at St. Peter's Church, in this town, by the Rev. J. Lloyd, vicar, Mr Lewis Leyshon, doubler at the Tinworks, to Elizabeth, third daughter of Mr David Evans, The New Market House Inn, Red-street. DEATHS. JONES —August 15th, Herbert Gladstone Jones, son of Mr J. C. B. Jones, of Carmarthen, aged 2 years and 2 months. LEWIS. -August 12th, at 2, Stratford Cottages, The Green, Llanstephan, Mr Benjamin Lewis, aged 61 years. WILLIAMS. On the 12th inst., at Cwmoernant j Nursery, nea: this town, Mr Eleazer Williams, i aged 70 years.