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THE Cardiganshire County Council, sitting at Aberayron last Thursday, unanimously ap- proved the motion of Major Price Lewes- That this Council, recognizing the pressing need of the extended railway communication in this county and in Wales generally, should invite the Councils of adjoining counties to form a joint committee to consider the whole question, and to draw up a scheme to be urged in Parliament for a system of light railways, to be constructed by aid of Govern- ment loans or otherwise." We think this is a step in the right direction, and may lead to useful results if other Councils are found to share the views of the Cardiganshire coun- cillors. Further railway extension is un- doubtedly one of the greatest needs of Wales at the present time, and any reasonable scheme for supplying that want is worthy of consideration by a Joint Committee formed from a group of County Councils. The idea of State-aided railways for Wales may appear somewhat startling at first, but there is really nothing novel about it, for, as Major Lewes reminded the County Council, our greatest Colonies, India, Canada and Australia, including as they do the largest area of our Empire, have been assisted by their respective Governments in the matter of railways by subsidies, guaranteed interest, loans, or by railroads constructed and maintained by Government, to their very great advantage and the rapid development of their resources. But the principle involved comes nearer home to us in the material aid already bestowed upon Ireland in this direction by Parliament, with more in prospect under the provisions of the Light Railways (Ireland) Bill at present under discussion, and intended still further "to facilitate the construction of light rail- ways in Ireland." Now, whilst we would deny no single plum to the sister Isle, we should like to see some similar system to facilitate railway construction extended to this country, and the furtherance of this object, which aims at conferring a real boon upon Wales, is pre-eminently one which should engage the earnest attention of our neighbouring County Councils. The history of some of our existing Welsh railroads is a sad record of roads badly located, not infre- quently through the perverseness or folly of landowners, blinded to their own interests, and vast sums of money recklessly expended through the lack of knowledge on the part of the original shareholders. Contractors fat- tened upon the spoils, and railway enterprise in the Principality was practically buries) back for at least a quarter of a century. Wo hold with Major, Lewes that it is in vain to look to the great companies for a speedy extension through purely agricultural districts, and that we should strive to obtain light railways in the direction already referred to, and believe with him that such roads, judi- ciously located and economically constructed, would pay a fair interest on the capital sum invested. The question of gauge is an impor- tant feature, and, where warranted by the probable traffic, it would naturally conform to that of the main linps; whilst on less impor- tant rotates it; ntafioiv gatiige ifcilroatl iriigfct -t meet the requirements of the district. Major Lewes indicated certain lines which, from his local knowledge) pres6nted themselves to his mind as desirable to build, and, amongst others, one to connect Llandilo with the sea- coast at Aberayron; of this route we have heard some talk before, and it is generally admitted that a, light railroad between thpse points would pay indeed, we venture to think that not only would it pay, but that the development of traffic would within a few years' time require the light line to be re- adjusted for heavy traffic. Major Lewes' estimate of L7,000 a mile for this line seems excessive, as it would be easy to construct, and we are informed upon fairly reliable authority that the cost should barely reach X,5,000 a mile. Other lines were suggested for Cardi- ganshire a short line of about '13 miles from Aberayron, vid Llanrhystid and Carrog'Valley, to join the Manchester and Milford at Llanilar, probably a narrow gauge at a cost hardly exceeding L2,000, a mile, and passing through an excellent agricultural district; the present ordinary road traffic affords good evidence of the probable paying qualities of that route. Another line to join Llandyssil with New Quay would probably pay if a narrow gauge, as there appears to be now a very large traffic by road. Major Lewes paid a just tribute to the natural features of the picturesque little watering places on the Cardigan coast at present inaccessible to, and unrecognized by, the general public, but which, with the advent of railways, could not fail to become important and popular seaside resorts. Pembrokeshire was also referred to, and the importance suggested of the northern, part being opened up by a line from Haver- fordwest to Fishguard, which latter place would probably become another point of departure for the Irish coast. Again it seems natural that a light line should follow a route from St. David's, vid Fishguard and Newport, to join the Cardigan line at Crymnrych. The Cardiganshire County Council instructed their clprk to forward a copy of their resolution to the Councils of Carmarthenshire, Breconshire, and Pembrokeshire, and we shall dwait the result with much interest, believing that the initiative has been taken in a movement which, if brought to a successful issue, will confer enormous benefits upon our agricultural districts and seaside towns on the Cardigan coast.' <

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