THE ELECTION IN PARIS. VICTORY OF GENERAL BOULANGER. The voting on Sunday in the Department of he Seine was conducted with the utmost tran- quillity. It was only as the evening advanced hat the Boulevards of Paris became crowded with people desirous of hearing the results of the poll in the several electoral districts. The first 'nformation showed General Boulanger to be considerably ahead of his opponents, and each subsequent announcement only added to his majority. As the hour approached when the tiual figures would be known, the streets and tJoulevards became densely packed with people, 0 that all traffic was necessarily suspended, but he greatest good humour prevailed, and not the ,lightest disturbance occurred. At midnight the •esult was announced to be 244,070 votes for Jeneral Boulanger, against 162,520 for M. lacques. The General was thus elected by a majority exceeding 80,000. The Standard in an article on the subject, says Jeneral Boulanger's election is a surprising and t grave event, and in the minds of many will be egarded as sounding the death knell of the iepublic. We may put aside as irrelevant the protests of attachment to the Republic uttered by the General himself, protests which will probably oe repeated with more fervour than ever on the morrow of his victory. If we deemed him sincere in his professions—and this anybody may be pardoned for not doing—the force of circum- stances is greater than tho strong will of even a trong man and if we allow General Boulanger to have a strong will, we shall scarcely be wrong- ng him in believing that he would not exercise it very actively in resisting any current that would carry him to supreme power. Is that vhat Paris wishes to see by its astonishing vote ? There are those, no doubt, who will discover thai it was a vote dictated by reason, foresight, and patriotism for the successful never lack ipologists, or even panegyrists. For our part, we are unable to see, in the decision of the electors of Paris, either wisdom, or consistency. •r a careful regard for the destinies of'France. It is notorious that the. victory of General Boulanger has not been achieved without ex- penditure of the most lavish and extraordinary kind, and it is equally notorious that the money .as not been provided by the General himself. Where has it all come from ? And who are they chat have provided it ? Does anybody believe rhat they have advanced thousands upon housands of pounds, for no other purpose than make General Boulanger a Republican De- puty for Paris 1 The mcney will have to be re- paid in some form and as it will not be repaid in hard cish, it will have to be reimbursed in some political equivalent. If it be said that the backers of the General wish to see him President "f the Republic, the obvious answer is, that a President of the Republic, under the existing Constitution, is far too insignificant or powerless a personage to be of much use to his friends. The supporters of General Boulanger do not in- tend him to be either insignificant or powerless ,1Ild, even if he were the least ambitious of men, they would not long permit him to maintain that character. In order to serve those who have served him, he must exercise authority, and dis- pense favours, far in excess of the authority wielded by, or the favours at the disposal of, my President of the Republic. In-brief, if he is to fulfil the intentions of his most active sup- porters, he must get rid of the Republic, and substitute for it some form of government in which an individual plays a more conspicuous tnd commanding part. And it is Paris, Re- publican, Communistic Paris, that has brought about such a state of affairs, and brought it about, ipparently, with the greatest deliberation. Paris has condemned the Republic, and has expressed a desire to see General Boulanger substituted for it. Paris has done many wonderful things but we doubt if it has ever done anything more wonderful than this. We are bound to add that it has never done anything more ignominious or more insane.
COAUULINE. — Cement for broken Articles, Gd & Is; postage, 2d. Sold everywhere, home nnd abroad. News has reached Brisbane that Mr Armstrong, a Government labour in New Guinea, has been inveigled ashore and murdered by the natives. During the sitting of the House of Represen- tatives at Washington on Wednesday (23rd ult) Mr James N. Burnes, member for Missouri, was seized with a stroke of paralysis, which proved fatal. In the action by Mr Mercicr against Ally Sloper's Half Holiday," in which the jury on Wednesday awarded the damages, Sir Charles Russell on Thursday applied to Baron Pollock for stay of execution for damages and costs to allow defendants to move for a new trial on the ground of the verdict being against the weight of evidence. His lordship stayed execution for ten days. Mr O'Brien, M.P., on Thursday (24th ult.), appeared at a Crimes ActCourt toanswertwo sum- monses for conspiracy. Outside the Court stones were thrown at the police by the mob escorting Mr O'Brien, and on entering the Court Mr Healy, who appeared as counsel for Mr O'Brien, complained of being assaulted, and demanded the name of the otficer in charge. Colonel Carew," answered the presiding magistrate. Then Mr Healy asked if counsel were not to be protected. The magistrate offered to send an escort with him but Mr Healy said that was what he did not want. After evidence for the Crown had been taken, the police were ordered to clear the galleries, owing to some groaning which was heard. Mr O'Brien and Mr Healy then said they should also leave. The former was seized by a police serjeant, but he succeeded in escaping out of Court, and, being surrounded by his friends got away, the police being kept at bay by volleys of stones. A warrant was issued for Mr O'Brien's arrest. Nothiug further was heard of the defendant's whereabouts* and I on Friday the Crown authorities asked) the magistrates to decide the case in the absence of the defendant, and the magistrates passed a sentence of four months' impri- sonment without hard labour Mr W. O'Brien's whereabouts bad not up to Sunday night been traced. It was said that he escaped from Carrick-on-Suir disguised as a pig-drover, and that after staying at Teuiplemore until Saturday he left there suddenly, without saying where he was going. The magistrates who passed sentence on him in his absence are, it is said, to be asked to state a case for an appeal to a Superior Court. A contemporary on Wednes- day stated that Mr O'Brien spent Sunday in Wales at Bridgend, and went on thence to London. l
GOTJNTY COUNCILS. THE CARMARTHENSHIRE ELECTIONS. ABBKGWILI.—One member. Mr D L Jones, farmer L 226 Mr John Idoyd, farmer 221 Majority 5 BETTWS.—Oue member. Mr W N Jones, farmer and auc- tioneer L 277 Mr James Rees, draper .L 230 Majority 47 CAIO.—One member. Mr C Lewis Davies, gentleman L 240 Lieutenant Colonel Sir James Hills- Johnes, V.C C 200 Majority 40 CARMARTHEN, WESTERN WARD (LOWER Division). One member. Mr D H Thomas, farmer C 179 Mr W do G Warren, gentleman .L 132 Majority 47 CARMARTHEN, WESTERN WARD (UPPER DIVISION). One member. Mr D Rison Morgan, solicitor .L 251 Mr James Phillips, draper .C 1S2 Majority 69 CARMARTHEN, EASTERN WARD (LOWER DIVISION). One member. Mr Tbomai Jenkins, merchant L 235 Mr H B White, solicitor C 230 Majority. 5 CARMARTHEN, EASTERN WARD (UPPKB DIVISION). Ono member. Mr H Nottoa, brewor .L U- 213. Mr Thomas Davies, solicitor .L 192 Majority 21 CENARTH.—One member. Mr Edward Davies L 239 Mr H W T Howell, J.P.C 165 Majority .74 CILYCWM.—One member. Rev T Evane, Clerk in Holy OrdcfsL 156 Mr R Campbell-Davys, gentleman C 137 Mr David Gwynn Vaughan, gentle- man L U ö3 CONWIIJ.—One member. Mr Charles Jones, draper .L 265 Mr Thomas Davies, farmer .C 121 Majority 144 KIDWELLY.—One member. Mr P Stephens, merchant L 135 Mr TWA Evans, gentleman U 85 Mr D J John C 28 LAUGHARNE.—One member. Mr J D Morse L 145 Mr E Falkener C 128 Majority 17 LLANARTHNEY.—One member. Mr T Davies, farmer C 217 Mr D S Davies, congregational minister L 159 Rev R G Lawrence, clerk in Holy Orders C 62 Majority 58 LLA?;DEBIE.—One member. Lord Dynevor .C 260 Mr D Richards, tin-plate manufac- turer L 186 Majority 74 LLANDILO URBAN.-One member. Mr Gwynne Hughes, gentleman .L 174 Mr J Thomas, timber merchant.C 120 Majority 54 LLANDILD RURAL.—One member. Mr T Powell, gentleman .L 351 Mr H Peel, gentleman C 202 Majority 149 LLANEQWAD.—One member. Mr H J Thomas, farmer.L 330 Mr Henry Davies, farmer C 109 Mr A W Stokes, gentlemaqsE. C 62 Majority 21 LLANELLY (RURAL AND WARD No. 1 COMBINED).—Six members. Mr Gwilym Evans, chemist .L 1402 Mr Joseph Mayberry, tinplate manufacturer L 1332 Mr Henry Wilkins, ironmonger .L 1330 Mr Owen Bonvilie, farmer .L 1231 Mr T Jenkins, innkeeper .L 1212 Rev P Phillips, Baptist minister .L 1139 Mr Hugh Nevill, Copper Works .I 766 Mr James Buckley, brewer .C 756 Mr Ernest Trubshaw, tinplate manufacturer C 722 LLANELLY WARD No. 2).—Three members. Mr Thomas Philipps, tinplate workers' agent L 774 Mr W J Wilson, estate agent h 715 Mr D C Parry,.grocer L 659 Dr. Henry C Buckley J.P C 553 Mr J A Williams, journalist .L U 483 LLANGADOCK.—One member. Mr JIIS. Jenkins, gentleman L 270 Mr W N Lewis, gentleman ,L2.J.3 s, • Majority 57 LLANQELER.—Oiie member. Mr John Lewis, woollen manufac- turer L 268 Mr Arthur Howell Joi.cs, J,P, .0 260 Majority 8 LLANGKNNECH.—One member. Mr J. Glyo Thomas, tinplate manu- facturer L 202 Rev K A Davies, vicar.0 111 Majority 91 LLANGUNNOR.—One member. Mr C E Morris, solicitor L 100 Mr D E Stephens, solicitor C 169 Majority 21 LLANON.—One member.. Re. W E Evans, Congregational minister L 140 Major Edward Riley C 90 Majority 56 LI,AI* STEI'HAN.—One member Mr Thomas Morris, gentloman L U 197 Mr John Johns, farmer h 157 Majority 40 LLAUYBYTHER.—Oae member. Colonel H Davies-Evans, Lord- lientenant of Cardigan .C 267 Mr D H James, farmer L 246 Majority 21 MOTHVEY.—One member. Mr George Jones, gentleman L 176 Mr John Lewis, gentleman .L 136 Majority 40 PEMBREY.—Two members. Mr W J Buckley, brewer. I L 477 Mr W. Howell, solicitor L 460 Rev D Evans, Congregational minister L 397 Mr T Williams, farmer C 394 RHYCDYMMERAI.—One member' Mr Daniel Evans, farmer .L 165 Mr Thomas Price, farmer L 143 Majority 22 ST ISHMAEL.—One member. Mr J Lewis Philipps, gentleman C 203 Mr Evan Stephens, farmer L 180 Majority 23 TP.ELECii.-One member. Mr J Davies, farmer L 245 Mr W Phillips, farmer L 181 Mr D Jones, farmer C 108 WHITLAND AND LLANBOIDY DISTRICT.-Two members. Rev William Thomas, Congregational minister L 582 Mr J Llewelyn, farmer L 452 Mr J Bagnall Evans, barrister L 321 Mr J Beynou, gentleman C 206
UNOPPOSED RETURNS. The following gentlemen have been returned unopposed for various divisions in the county of Carmarthen — LLANEDY.—Mr Evan Evans, Erwfawr, farmer, L. LLANSAWEL.-Sir James H W Drummond, Batt., C. LLANFIHANGEL ABERBYTHICH.—Viscount Emlyn, C. QUARTER BACH.—Dr Howell Rees, J.P., L. LLANDOVBP.Y. -Colonel D E Jones, Velindre, C. LLANELLY, WARD No 3.—Mr J Bnurue, tin-plate manufacturer, L Mr J S Tregoning, tin-plate manufacturer, C. LLANFIHANGEL-AR-AI»TH.—Mr Evan Harris,farmer, L, ST CLEAP.P.-Mr T. Evans, Treventy, L. FIRST MEETING OF THE PEMBROKE- SHIRE COUNCIL. The first meeting of this body was held on Thursday in the Shire-hall. The following councillors answered to their names Lord Cawdor, Sir C. E. G. Philipps, Bart., Sir Owen Scourfield, Messrs S. H. Owen, Moorbank; D. Morris, Newton West H. S. Allen, Cresselly H. G. Allen, Paskeston Lemuel Jones, Clydey W. J. Owen, Summer Hill Thomas Williams, J. Worthington, Glyn-y-mel R. T. P. Williams, Haverfordwest S. Thomas, ditto Thomas James, ditto John Evans, Tyhen J. H. Coram, Neyland Bowen James, Lewis James, Bryn- bank; Wm. James, Penllwyir; R, Carrow, Johnston Hall; C. Stokesj Tenby; M, J. Saurin, Orielton T. C. Thomas, Trehale; Dr Griffith, Milford John Griffiths, Nevera David Bevan, Robert George, Pembroke Dr Morison, Pejtobroke Dr H: Brown, Pembroke Dock W. E. Sefccombe, ditto James Williams, Pembroke Dock J-. Saiedley, Pembroke Dock —-Stamper, ditto D. P.- Williami., Penterry John Rees, O. S. Yickerman, Hean Castle; Joseph- Thomas, Haverfordwest; J. T. Fisher, Denant Mathias Thomas, Tenby W. H. Richards, Tenby John Thomas, Trevigan Capt. Higgou, Scolton W. H. Walters, Harroldston Hall. On the proposition of Earl Cawdor, seconded by Mr Seccombe, Lord Kensington was unani- mously requested to preside. Lord Kensington, having taken the chair, thanked them for the honour they had done him ia putting him in the chair for that day, because as they fully understood, he was in the chair only as provisional chairman. The chairman of the county council would not be elected until the full council was elected, which would not take place for some little time after their present meeting. Their business that day was to elect 16 aldermen, the proportion which was allowed them to serve in that county council in addition to the 48 elected councillors. The mode of election would be as follows :every county councillor would have a form given him in which he would write, if he chose, the names of the 16 gentlemen whom he wished to be elected alder- men. He must not vote for more than that number, but he was at liberty to vote for a less number if he liked to do so. After filling up his paper he must deliverit personally to theChairman It must be given by the member himself. Before proceeding to the election, he (Lord Kensington; asked to avoid any chance of misconception, whether any member had omitted to carry out the requirements of the law, namely to make the declaration required of him on acceptance of office. Lord Kensington also read a circular from the Local Government Board in reference to the authority to whom declarations in relation to election expenses should be sent, and said that it would probably be sufficient if the returns were sent to the Clerk of the Peace of the Pro- visional Council. The Local Government Board were empowered to make an order in the matter, and he moved that the Deputy Clerk of the PeaCt should apply to the Local Government Board fur an order authorizing returns to be made to the Deputy Clerk of the Peace, who was the pro- visional clerk of the council. Mr W. H. Walters seconded the motion, which was. carried. Mr Lewis James said a certain councillor had sent his returns to the Returning Officer: what was to be done in that case? Lord Kensington said the Clerk would get that return from the Returning Officer. The names of all the elected councillors were then called out, and it was found that all present had duly qualified. Mr H. G. Allen said that the Clerk of the Peace was Mr John Owen, who would be the clerk of the County Council when fully appointed, and he would have power to act by deputy. Mr George was the deputy clerk of the peace of the county, and they w-ere all very glad to see him in his office there. But a doubt had arisen in his mind whether Mr George was properly in office at that moment, and in order to remove the possibility ef any difficulty, he would propose that for the present Mr George should act as clerk of the Provisional Council. The voting papers for the election of Aldermen .werethen given to the Counoillors, who filled them up. The result of the voting was as fol- lows ELECTED. Mr H. Allen 42 Lord Kensington 42 Mr Se scorn be 32 Mr J. Bevan-Bowen, LlwyngWair 31 Mr John Thomas, Blether 30 • -Mr G. P. Brewer, Narberth 29 -Mr W. Gibbs, Hodges ton 29 Mr R Thomas, Trebovcr 29 Mr W. Evans, Bletherston 28 Mr Ben Rees, Granant 28 Mr H. John Thomas, Lochturfin 28 Mr W. Watts Williams, St. David's. 28 Mr W. Williams, Chemist, Haverford- west 27 Mr N. A. Rocli, Teriby.. 24 Capt. Higgon 23 Sir Charleo Philipps 22 NON-ELECTED. Earl Cawdor 18 Mr G. L. Owen 17 Colonel Leach, Corston 16 Colonel Stokes, St. Botolphs 15 Mr C. Mathias 12 Mr John Worthington 12 Mr W. Davies, M.P. 10 Capt. Gower 9 Mr P. L. LI. Philippe 8 Sir Owen Scourfield 7 Mr R. Carrow i 7 Mr H. S. Allen G Mr A. M. Evans G Mr Jeremiah Stephens. 5 Mr Joseph Thomas 4 Mr Griffiths, Penally Court 4 Col. F. P. Edwardes 3 MrdeWinton 2 Mr J. T. Fisher 2 Mr R. H. Buckby 2 Mr.F. Lort Philipps 2 Mr James Philipps, Honeyborough House 2 Colonel Saiirin 2 Mr E. Vanghau, Fernhill 2 Mr J. V. Colby 1 Mr T. George; Ueltllya 1 Dr. Havard «. I 1 Dr. Morison 1 Ivir T. Llewpltyti, Cilanymor 1 Mr D. P. Williams. l?dnberry 1 Mr R. T. P. Williams, solicitor 1 Lord Kensington said the meeting had another duty to discharge, and that was to decide upon the eight elected aldermen who should retire in November, 1891. The decision would be taken by ballot. At the request of the Court, Mr Joseph Thomas and Mr R. T. P. Williams consented to act as scrutineers. Lord Konsiugton took charge of the ballot box while the votes were taken, and at the conclusion of the voting handed the box to the scrutineers, who counted the votes. The scrutineers made a written report of the results of the voting, stating that 41 members had voted, and gave the names of the aldermen who would go out of office in November, 1891. The following is the return of the names of the Aldermen who will retire in November, 1891, with the number of votes recorded :— Mr W Evans, Bletherston 31 Mr H J Thomas. 29 Mr G P Brewer 27 Mr Ben Rees 26 Mr W E Seccombe .24 Sir Charles Philipps 21 Mr Richard Thomas 22 Mr W Watts Williams 21 The following alderman will hold office for six years :— Mr William Williams 20 Capt Higgon 20 Mr Jno. Thomas, Llether 19 Mr W Gibbs is Mr N A Roch 17 Mr J Bevan Bowen 15 H G Allen 3 Lord Kensington 1 Lord Kensington said that the business of the meeting was completed. The members knew that they would have to meet again within a I certain limited period. There was, however, great difficulty in fixing the day for the next meeting, as the Returning Officer would have to make arrangements for the elections in those electoral divisions whose representatives had that day been chosen alderman. The elections would probably take place within three weeks, and he suggested that the meeting should empower him to convene a meeting of the council at some date not more than 14 days after the elections were completed. He moved that such authority be granted to him. Mr Walters seconded the motion, which was adopted. To suit the convenience of members who resided in the upper part of the county, it was arranged that the hour of meeting should be 12 o'clock. OFFENCES BY; CANDIDATES. In the Queen's Bench Division on Fri-day before Mr Baron Huddleston and Mr Justice, Mr Bray made an Application on the 'part ',of Lord Dynevor, candidate for the Llandovery Division of Carmarthen, and also on behalf of Mr'Lewis- Bishop, who voluntarily acted for Lord Dynevor. The delinquency was in uwing a public-house called tHe "Red Lioti-Iiiii for' promoting his lord- ship's candidature. The meeting was convered by Mr Bishop, and at it the noble lord was adopted as a candidate but Lord Dynevor did not request Mr Bishop to call the meeting, either directly or indirectly. There was no affidavit from his lordship, but there was a medical certificate stating that in consequence of serious illness he was quite unable to see anyone or to attend to any kind of business.—Mr Baron Huddleston Is that certificate on affidavit ?—Mr Bray No but the facts are covered by affidavit of Mr Bishop, who states that he first became aware that he had committed an illegality on the 12th of January.—Lord Dynevor had also made a mistake by issuing placards containing his address, which gave the name of the printer, but did not state that the printer was also the publisher. Their Lordships granted relief to Mr Bishop, but adjourned the case of Lord Dynevor for a week, in order that further affidavits might be filed.-Mr Brickwood asked that relief might be granted to Mr Charles Rankin Vickerman, who on the 16th inst., was elected for the St tssels Division of Pembrokeshire, polling 236 votes against Major Birtwistle, for whom only 27 votes were recorded. The applicant omitted the words and published from the posters which contained his first address to the electors, and the words printed and published from some postcards which were sent to voters. Mr Marshall objected to the application on the part of the opposing candidate on the ground that Mr Vickerman did not take any steps whatever to procure relief until after the election. Their lordship considered that this was a case in which relief might very properly be granted. The appli- cation was therefore acceded to. In the Queen's Bench Division on Monday (before Mr Baron Huddleston and Mr Justice Wills) an application was made to relieve It David Parry, Mr Thomas Phillips, and Mr William John Wilson from the penalties which they had inadvertently incurred in prosecuting their candidature for the Llanelly Division of the Carmarthen County Council. The applications were unopposed, and relief was granted. 0
Saturday being the fourth anniversary of th death of General Gordon, the base of the statue of the general in Trafalgar square, London, wapt decorated with laurel wreaths and flowers, the .iriiicipal tributes coming from General Graham. Mr Henry Irving, and the Gordon Boys' Home. A special service to commemorate the event W¡4 held at St. Paul's Cathedral. Mr Pierre Lorillard, the well-known America. sportsman, and the former owner of the racehorse Iroquois, is having constructed a novel craft which he calls a floating stable. It is like n< boat, having been designed after Mr LorillardV own ideas. The vessel is 40 feet long by'14 fee- Iteam, and is of sloop model, with flat bottom Its draft will be only about two feet, so that it can be taken up the shallowest rivers ano streams. It has a rudder, but no propelling aparatus, Mr Lorillard will have it towed The main deck is housed in. Within the enclosure there are are stalls aft for four horses, and cabin accomodation forward for three men. Above the cabin is a roomy deck, surrounded by a hand rail. This witI probably be used by the men while on the watch, and also for Mr Lorillard'* dog kennel. Near the stern of the vessel is hoisting apparatna for raising or lowering the gang plank, so that the horses and dogs can be put ashore almost nl^a moment's notice. With such a vessel Mr Lofillard and his friends can- navigate themselves to many parts of the coast which have hitherto been comparatively inac- cessible to sportsmen, and will enjoy some of tht- finest sport to be found anywhere in the United States. UNIONISM Al;li THE Ell)IRE. — It has always been to a subject of some surprise that the Eng- lish people, with its long historyof victory and its amazing present Empire, has been so little struck with the injurious bearing of the Home Rule proposal upon its external position. This would have been the first thought of any Continental people, would have been the theme not only of oratory but of song, and would have been the first argument which the advocates of this dis- ruption would have sought, by all arts of per- suasion to disprove. The English, supposed to be so selfishly patriotic, have apparently never thought about it. Blinded either by want of knowledge, or by that inner hanghtiness which never ceases to influence their minds, they have treated this either as a subordinate question, or one which could never seriously affect the destiny of Great Britian. Even the Unionists have been move principally by arguments as to the im- possibility of working a Federal Government or as to the ruin which a separate Government must bring on Ireland, or as to the moral wrong of committing any country to such rulers as her present representatives, or as to the treachery involved in abandoning a third of the population of the island to their secular foes. Not only have they never taken their stand, as Frenchmeu or Germans would have done, on the simple pro- position that they would never until conquered cede a province to men who avowed themselves their enemies-and in this they are right, for Ireland and Scotland are nqt provinces, but in- tegral portions of a united kiugdoin-— but they have never raised the couia tg -ot, ir (If England for the English," and have||iir<|fy seeiu to think of the difficulties in all Imperial matters which submission to Homa Rulp wtiuld entail. It is not, as the Liberal electors fancy, a question whether Ireland shall manage her own roads and bridges, and manage her own police at her own discretion but whether the foreign policy of Great Britian shall be free or not whether the Empire shall be broken up or not whether, in fact, our history shall continue or shall fade away into a melancholy record of perpetual losses, all due to a single cause, the want of the sense that power is a trust which we have no more right to abandon out of self-suspicion than we have to cut off our hands, lest perchance* murder might be done by their means. We rejoice to find that there is at least one Radical leader in the king. dom who recognises the truth, and who does not believe that our responsibility for anarchy will be over because we can say we have only con- sented to concede the Anarchists' own prayer.— Spectator.
THE PARNELL SPECIAL COMMISSION. Sir Henry James, on Wednesday morning (23rd ult)., went on reading the letters about which there had been so much discussion 011 the previous day. Some of these documents were written by Patrick Egan, some by Mr Herbert Campbell, then and now secretary to Mr Parnell and others by various obscnre persons. The object of the production of these letters was to establish a direct connection between officials of the League and persons who were admittedly implicated in offences against the law, and, what- ever interpretation may hereafter be placed upon thtm, there was no serious question about their authenticity. In themselves the letters were un- interesting to the last degree, and Sir Henry James, during the time he occupied in reading them—over an hour-had, as far as the public were concerned, an inattentive and wearied audience. The first witness was Mr Robert Sandars who acts as agent for his father, a landlord in county Cork, looking after an estate with a rental of £30,000 a year. He produced a number of letters from tenants on this estate, and four other estates in the counties of Tipperary and Limerick, for which he has acted as agent. Generally the letters contained protestations of an ability to pay rents due, and a desire to pay secretly lest the payees might fall into trouble with their neighbours. Sir Charles Russell would have liked to know the names of the writers, but received the unwelcome reply from Mr Sanders that he should be sorry to endanger the lives of those people by revealing their names. A very important witness came next, in the person of Denis Tobin, a well-dressed, sharp- featured man of about thirty years of age, who eight years ago, was sworn in as a Moonlighter' .,¡ and pledged hiihself to accept the penalty of death if he did not. do all that was required of him in the way of suppressing landlords, agents, and -bailiffs. If his testimony is trustworthy Tobin was assured that the Moonlighters had the support of the League, and he mentioned the the names of a number, of persons who, he waid were in intimate communication with both the League and the Sacred Society. The Moon- lighters, the witness stated, were ranked in divi- sions, and received their orders, each in his division, from a captain, through whom they were supplied with arms, which were hidden when not in use. He and his associates com- mitted various nocturnal outrages, and were baulked in their intention of perpetrating others. They went about disguised with masks, and occa- sionally they were told by the captain that when engaged on some particular job they might provide themselves with special clothing —money being no object. The air of innocent candour with which Tobin told the story of the misdeeds in which he had taken part was quite engaging, and from the beginning to end he showed not the least sign of compunction or regret. The witness's evidence with regard to the Moonlighters differed in one respect from that of his predecessors. From their accounts it was to be gathered that the Moonlighters were, generally speaking, a miscellaneous and fortui- tous assemblage of criminals. Tobin alleges them to have been, so far, at least, as Kerry is concerned, an elaborately organised body, work- ing under recognised rules and conditions. Even "ome of the police witnesses seem to have been at fault in this matter, for more than one of the district inspectors seems to have been under the impression that the Moonlighters were a body no specific constitution. This witness was, of course, subjected to a long cross-examination by Sir Charles Russell, but, severe as the inter- rogation was, Tobin maintained his imperturb- ability to the end, having, like all his class, a very hazy recollection of dates. There was a little passing hilarity, relieving the prevailing duluess, when Sir C. Russell put questions with regard to the witness's statement about the olothes with which his Moonlight paymasters furnished him. ir Charles condescended to particulars in respect of these clothes; and obtained from the witness the information that he had paid in cash, out of the sweat of his arms," for the somewhat stylish suit which he was weariug. Tobin, in common with many witnesses who have appeared of late, had to admit certain peccadilloes, but they were not very serious. There was some cattle-lifting about ciunty Limerick a few years ago, but the motives were patriotic, as Tobin indignantly informed VI r Davitt, and there was no idea of stealing oxen in order to get beef on the cheap." Mr Davitt, who evidently regards Tobin as a some- what dangerous witness, put a series of acute questions, the leading idea of which was-an endeavour to establish the existence of intimate relations between the witness and the police. L'ubiu, who is under the protection of the police —even in London—admitted a certain acquain- tance with his protectors, who live with him at rue Queen's Hotel, wherever that may be, who acjompany him to music-halls, theatres, and other places of amusement, whereby the tedium "f attendance at the Court is relieved, but he stoutly denied that any part of his evidence was the result of police suggestion. The evidence of Constable Fawcett, who fol- lowed, added some technical details to the record, and James Thomas Geelan, a store- keeper at the Cork County Prison, stated that the prisoners awaiting trial there in 1880 and onwards were supplied with food—under the uiaol regulations—by friends outside, whom he .Iiaved tp be members of the League, Amongst thein notably being one Richard CVonan. Pri- soners untried have the privilege of electing whether they will live upon the prison food or be Supported by their friends outside, and Cronan appears specially to have instructed the prison keepers that he would be responsible for their maintenance. District Inspector M'Ardle, an officer in full uniform of the Royal Irish Constabulary, next went into the box, and added some details with regard to the agrarian condition of Mayo since the establishment of the League, and he was followed by Captain Slack, a Divisional Com- missioner, and ex-Resident Magistrate, who has had for some years past eight counties under his supervision. He explained the measures which he had had to adopt in carrying out evictions, and at the closo of hia evidence the Court ad- journed. Captain Slack was again under exam- ination for some time on Thursday, and said that in his district — Waterford and Tipperary—there was no secret society, and no society of any kind except the League. In his opinion there was a distinct connection between the League and the perpetrators of outrages, and he held the organisation directly responsible for the practice of boycotting. Land League Courts were held, and the proceedings reported in the local newspapers. In these reports the names of individuals were frequently mentioned, and often witness, acting on private information, found it his duty to take steps to prevent intended out- rages. Putting the matter at the lowest, he was positive that the League at least encouraged crime, and he roundly asserted that, but for the action of the League and of many members of Parliament, a large number of evictions would not have taken place, because the tenants were able to pay, and if left to themselves would have been quite willing to do so. If required, Captain Slack was ready to give particular instances of outrages on individuals instigated by the League. There was no such thing as land-grabbing, ho told Sir Charles Russell, so far as he knew, prior to 1880. He admitted, however, that every one of the eighty-nine so-called Coercion Acts passed in the last century had been justified on the ground of the existence of agrarian disturbance. He was of opinion that the Land Act of 1870 re- moved all legitimate grievances. It put a stop to ruthless evictions by providing that tenants should be compensated, although he could not mention any special case in which compensation had been paid. He had, of course, heard of such cases, but there had been no necessity for him to make a note of them. He would not absolutely express the opinion that the Land Acts passed since 1880 had been so many gratuitous interferences in the relations between landlands and tenants, but that was evidently his belief. A long series of questions was put with the object of showing that such crimes as- attempted agrarian murder and the felonious use of explosives were by no means unfrequent,as far
L L A N DOVE It Y B 0 A R D OF 1 GUARDIANS. I The usual fortnightly 'meeting of the above Board was held at the Town-hall on Friday, under the presidency of Mr George Jones, under the presidency of Mr George Jones, Ystrad. Tlieie were also present Col. D. E. Jones, Velindre; Messrs W. N. Lewis, Cefn- gornath, vice-chairman j Daniel Williams, Pei it re House J. R. Price, Plasydderwen Walter Lewis Williams, Cwmllynfe Evans, Llanwrtyd; Davies, Caio; Morgan Davies, Gorllwn Hopkins, Cwmsawdde W. Jones, Llanfaiar-ar-y-bryn Pelham Tlmrsby- Pelhani, Arc. The clerk (Mr Thomas Jones), the assistant clerk (Mr John Thomas), Dr. Owen, and two relieving officers were also in attendance. Ti:KASR i; EK'S A<:< OU vr. The Treasurer's account showed a balance in hand ofj619 38. LVKMKVIXF; ( )FKICKI;S The above reports were read as usual. Mr Williams' report showed the number relieved in District No. 1 during the week ending January 17th, to be 218; cost, £25 19s, corresponding1 week last year, :¿:¿:2 oost, £2G 2s 8d. Number of paupers relieved for the week ending January 24th. 218 cost, 7s corresponding week last year, 222 cost, £5 18s Gel. Mr Edwin Powell reported that in District No. 2 the number relieved during the week ending January 17th was 186; cost, 5s. corresponding week last year; 191 cost £ 19 15s Gd. Number relieved during tht week ending January 24th, 186; cost, .£20 5s; corresponding week last year, 190; cost. .£19. MASTER'S RKPORT, The Master reported the number of inmates to be last week 28, against 31 in the corres- ponding week last year, being a decrease o 3; this week the same against 31 in the corresponding week last year, being a decrease of 3. Tramps last week nine, against three in the corresponding week last year, being at increase of six; this week 15, against the same number in the corresponding week last year. Children attending school, 12. The Master said he had found a servant. She came from Mothvey, and was ahont!O years of age. He thought she would do very well. She was a steady woman. The saJar) she asked for was £ 13 a year. The Guardians agreed to engage her. THE YACCISATING AT LLANFAIR-AK-Y-BKYN AXD CLLYCWM. The first matter of interest that came on for discussion was a claim for 14s for vaccinat- ing made by Dr. F. W. Lewis in Dr. Owen's district. The matter was held over from the last meeting in order that Dr. Lewis might have an opportunity to attend. He was not present, however. Dr. Owen objected t< another public vaccinator vaccinating in his district, observing that the case would he different if it was done by a private person who, of course, would only bring his claim against the persons who had engaged him. By reason of Dr. Lewis vaccinating in his district, his (Dr. Owen's) visits to the vacci- nating stations were done for nothing'. The Clerk read the clause in the contract, which referred to children vaccinated out of a public vaccinator's district. It ran as follows: And will in like manner vaccinate any child resident out of his district whom any reliev- ing officer of the said Union shall in writing refer to him for The relieving officers, on being asked by the Clerk if either of them had given instruc- tions to Dr. Lewis in writing to vaccinate ou o his district, replied in the negative. The Chairman could not see how they could now pay Dr. Owen. The Clerk-You cannot pay Dr, Owen now, because he did not do it. T cannot certify to what has not been done. The Chairman observed that if persons were desirous of having their children treated by a special doctor they should pay him. The stuff was bought and paid for (for the district). and should be used. It was not fair for Dr. Lewis to vaccinate oui of his district. Mr J. H. Price—Suppose somebody got Dr Owen to vaccinate in Dr. Lewis's district it would not matter. It would be just the same. The Chairman disagreed, and remarked that the person so employing Dr. Owen should pay him. Col. Jones said they had better strike the items, claimed for by Dr. Lewis, out of his district, out of the bill. Mr Pelhani Yes he should apply to the persons privately. It has nothing to do with us. Col. Jones and the Chairman were of opinion that although Dr. Owen had not claimed these items, he should do so. A Guardian said Dr. Owen was now ask- ing that he should be paid for what he did not do. The Chairman said that was not so, but that he asked for the fees because Dr. Owen was deprived of them, and had made his journeys to the stations in such cases for nothing. A Guardian having suggested that when a vaccinator attended to another's cases he should inform the other of his having done so, The Clerk pointed out that whether he vaccinated or not, Dr. Owen was bound to attend at the stations. Replying to the suggestion that Dr. Owen should be paid for the cises not included in the bill, the Clerk said Dr. Owen could not claim for what he had not done. Eventually Dr. Lewis' claim for 14s was struck out of the bill. THE LLANWRI VI> WATER RATES. The following letter was read by the Clerk :— Glasbury R.S.O., Jan. 23rd, 1889. Dear Sir,—In reply to your letter of the 21st inst., I beg to state that I am willing to pay you a reasonable remuneration for furnishing me with an account of the expenditure on the Llan- wrtyd Water Works, under the heads as detailed in my letter of the 18th inst. I was aware of the right of ratepayers to examine and take extracts of the accounts, but am of opinion that it would be more satisfactory if the account was furnished by you, as the period over which it extends is considerable, and to an ordinary rate- payer the work would prova rather difficult. Yours truly, PENIY LLOYD, The Clerk to the Sanitary Authority Llandovery t; nion. The Clerk was instructed to say that the accounts were open to Mr Lloyd or any landowner or ratepayer to take extracts. The Clerk observed that the accounts were public, but that he would not give the trans- cript without the consent of the board. The Clerk said he had received the following answer from the overseers :—- Llanwrtyd, January 23rd, 1889. T. Jones, Esq. Sir,—By the driff nf your letter you don't know that the loan, money and interest have II been paid in on the 11th day of January, 1889. You enquire at the Bank and yon will find them I there-£32 12s Gd, About the remainder the I ratepayers say they won't pay any more of the precept till they get an account of every item. We, the overseers, don't know what to do, and you threaten us by taking steps against us. It is a pity for us to suffer between you and them. Please advise us what to do. The Railway Company have not paid the sani- tary rate for the last year. We better take pro- ceedings against them. We wait for your return o We are, your obedient servants, REES DAVIES, JOHN LEWIS. HjJThe Clerk was instructed to say in reply to the above letter that unless the money was paid by that day fortnight, the Guardians would apply for a mandamus against the overseers. The Clerk said he had received the follow- ing letter from the Local Government Board :— Local Government Board, Whitehall, S. W., January 18th, 1889. Dear Sir,—I am directed to forward to you for the observations of the Rural Sanitary Authority of the Llandovery Union the accompanying copy of a memorial which the Board had received from the churchwardens and overseers of the poor of the parish of Llanwrtyd in reference to the alleged excessive rates for water supply to that parish. I am, sir, your obedient servant, ALEKEP D. ADRIAN, Assistant Secretary. The Clerk was instructed to reply to the Local Government Board as he thought best.