The Royal Aero Club has decided to offer an £ 800 prize presented by the Michelin Tyre Company for the longest flight in point of time in a British aeroplane at any flying ground between now and October 31. A flight of at least ten liouvs must be m-acle to qualify for the prize.
Flint Town Council. AN INCREASED RATE. The monthly meeting of Flint Town Council was held on Monday night. Pre- sent: Aid. C. E. Dyson (Mayor), Aid. A. B. Lloyd, Councillors D. E. Hughes, R. W. Barber, J. A. Edwards, Hy. Powell, W. Howarth, E. A. Hughes, Jas. Griffiths, J. H. Nuttall, 1. Newton Hughes, Robt. Jones, with Mr. T. W. Hughes (town clerk). AN INCREASED RATE. Mr. E. A. Hughes as chairman of the Finance Committee, prefaced his proposi- tion that a rate of 2s. lid. be levied for general district purposes by an explanation of the financial position of the Council. Last year the gross amount was Y.2313 18s. 8d. less receipts from County Council, etc., S:749 16s. 10d., leaving a balance to be col- lected from the rates of CI561 Is. 10d. The gross amount required for the current year was £ 3599 12s. 6d. less receipts from County Council, Insurance, etc., £ 1667 18s. 7d., net amount required £ 1931 13s. lid. The year 1913 closed with a debit balance of 969 76. lOci; for 1914 the debit balance was £589 3s. Last year a rate- of 2s. 6d. in the £ produced £1670, a rate of 2s. lid. would produce £1960. One penny in the £ produced E56. As a comparison he pointed out that the penny in the £ at Connah's Quay produced £ 65, and at Mold £ 77. The rate at Connah's Quay was 2s 6d. and at Mold 3s. Taking the assessable value into consideration the general district rate of Flint at 2s. lid. was as low as Connah's Quay at 2s. 6d., and considerably lower than Mold at 3s. Complaint was made of the advancements of rent, and that the as- sessable value remained stagnant. They had no power over the overseers in that matter, but a gentle hint might have effect upon them. He hoped the Council would control the expenditure to avoid exceeding the estimates, and perhaps members would not introduce pet schemes not estimated for. They spent £ 530 on main loads, but of that only £ 67 was spent up to December last. Had it been spent earlier in the year the Council would now have had over P-500 from the County Count. 1, and so have wiped off the overdraft and avoided having to pay interest on it. He appealed to the Highway Committee to see that the expen- diture on main roads was effected before the end of the year; in that event they would before the end of the financial year have received from the County Council nearly £ 1200. He was glad to inform the ratepay- ers that the dispute with the County Coun- cil concerning C269 had been settled and the money would be paid over during this month. The Finance Committee had de- cided to reduce expenditure on other roads. They provided for an increase of workmen's wages, for tar-spraying, hospital account, and grant to fire brigade. The increase of 5d. in the £ wa,s to cover the charges for thcfie three items and the legal charges necessitated by opposition to the new water scheme. He regretted the tar-spraying in the town was not appreciated by the in- habitants, but he thought before long they would enjoy the benefit of the work. There was £ 1960 provided to meet the estimated expenditure of £ 1931 13s. lid., leaving a balance of le2S 6s. Id. for contingencies. If they did ask for a rate higher than usual they were not downhearted. New houses being built must raise the assessable value. They could not tax new sources of revenue, or perhaps they should quickly do so (laugh- ter). However, they hoped that in the near future the Government would introduce a flat rate for assessed property. Mr. Hughes formally proposed the adoption of the re- commendation. Mr. H. Powell, in seconding, said he was sorry to see an increase in the rate, though it was not so much as some of the Council anticipated. They were fully aware of the demand for different improvements. As a progressive Council they were ready and willing to lend an car to everything that would be of benefit, and in doing so they must be prepared for slight increases in the rates. Even so, they compared favourably with other Councils. He had a strong be- lief in the future of the borough, and he had every confidence in looking forward that they would see improvement in every direction. If a revaluation of the borough was desired there would be lw difficulty in obtaining it on application to the Assess- ment Committee. Mr. R. Jones supported the resolution, and said it was hard to have ,uch a big jump in the rate, but it was some consola- tion to know they did not anticipate it would be of a permanent character. There were several contributory causes to the iu- crease-hospital 3d., fire brigade Id.—but he did not think anyone would cavil at these items. Really they should have had a higher rate last year. Mr. J. Griffiths, as chairman of the High- way Committee, supported the proposition. Mr. R. W. Barber criticised the items, and said highways called for serious consid- eration and economy. He would blush with shame to present such a financial statement to the Corporation. A year ago it was said it was false economy to levy a 2s. 6d. rate. It was all very well to hold up Connah's Quay and Mold—they were able to take care of themselves, and I1 lint should do the same. The Chairman of the Finance Com- mittee hoped no pet schemes would be put forward—no one had brought more pet schemes than the Chairman of the Finance Committee. He estimated next year they would have to levy a. rate of 3s. 6d. in the (--No, It was no good saying "No, no." It seemed a game of bluff on the part of the chairman of the Finance Committee. Mr. E. A. liughes: It is as easy as wink to criticise in a general manner, without putting a finger on a single item, and" say "fa1"e economy." The mischief was that Councillor Barber attended every commit- tee and supported every resolution without opposition. It was all very well to stand up as the watch dog for false economy (laugh- ter). The word he resented was that of "bltiff"-he would not have it from him or anyone eke that he had at any time at- tempted to bluff the Council. The Mayor said he thought they had something to congratulate themselves upon. He did not like to hear chairmen attacked. They were appointed to do their level best for the interest of the town, and there was a great deal to be done to keep the town in decent and correct order. He agreed the rateable value was small. and that they were rated different to other towns, but if the town got more prosperous they would be able to pay more, and would be ready to do so. There was not much to complain about, and no occasion to find fault. The resolution to adopt the rate at 2s. lid. was then adopted. SUPPORT OF THE NATIONAL LIBRARY. In the matter of the appeal for support from the National Library Committee, no resolution was passed thereon at the meet- ing of the Finance Committee. Mr. Hy. Powell moved that the Council support the movement however small the amount might be. It was a national move- ment, and would be of benefit in years to come. Mr. J. A. Edwards questioned whether it was right to re open the question after it had been discussed in committee and de- cided upon. The Mayor said it was quite in order. Mr. Barber argued that the minute was not correct. The decision by five to four votes was that the Council do not entertain the application. Mr. Powell said lie hoped the Council would take part in the memorial. Their late respected town clerk, Mr. H. Taylor, had worked hard in every direction and supported the national institution. Flint Council ought to be patriotic, if it was not sentimental, and he appealed to the Coun- cil to vote a sum of five guineas to the National Library of Wales. The proposition was seconded, and seve- ral committees supported the proposition. Mr. J. A. Edwards argued that the money should be spent in the borough. It would never benefit Flint by going to Aberystwytfi. He moved a direct negative. Mr. Barber also opposed subscribing to the memorial. Mr. Powell's proposition was carried by six votes to five. CLOSING ORDERS. The Flint Traders' Association through their secretary, forwarded a letter request- ing the Council to issue at as early a date as possible an order for the closing of cer- tain trades for fixed )hours, Monday, Tuesday and Thursday at 7.30, Friday 9, and Saturday 10 o'clock. In June, July, and August, an extension to greengrocers of one and a half hours on Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays. The Town Clerk explained the process the Council would have to follow in order to issue the order, and that the Council had first to satisfy itself that a prima facie case had been made out. Mr. Edwards maintained that the delay was not necessary, and that the Council could issue the order direct. The Town Clerk replied that he went by the Act and the directions there given. ILLNESS OF MR. HUGH OWEN. Mr. Robt. Jones referred to the serious illness of Mr. Hugh Owen, their late sur- veyor, and proposed a vote of sympathy with him in his illness. Mr. E. A. Hughes seconded the proposi- tion, which was carried. THE DEPUTATION AND THE RAIL- WAY COMPANY. The Mayor reported upon the interview the deputation of the Council had with Mr. Thompson of the L. and N.-W. R. With reference to the station, the platform, etc., after speaking about what was required he promised to place the matter before the Directors As to the widening lie pointed out that it was a big and costly scheme, and would take it into consideration. That the motor 'bus would stop at Bryn Coch Farm instead of Bryn Coch Cottages was practi- cally agreed to. Other matters mentioned would be considered. THE LIBRARY. Mr. Powell reported that 471 books had been lent and 40 consulted in the reference department at the Public Library during the past month.
MUNICIPAL BOWLS AT WREXIIAM. Two municipal bowling greens, which have been provided by the Wrexham Town Council in the new park, were opened on Saturday by the Mayor (Mr. S. G. Jarman) and Miss Lewis, sister of the chairman of the Parks Committee. His Worship and other members 'and officials of tTTe Corpora- tion played the first game, and in a few minutes the whole stock of "w(; num- bering forty pairs, had been issued to play- ers.
.;+ STUDENT'S APT REPLY. A correspondent of the "Sheffield Daily Telegraph," in writing of examination wor- ries, says a student was once asked what, under certain circumstances, would you do to make a person sweat. He said: 011, so and so. But if that failed, what then? He said Of course, so and so. Yes, but if that failed? "Oh, if that failed I should come before you, gentlemen, and if you didn't make him sweat nothing would." He got through.
tmproyed freehold farms in the. landofzoldi-n opportunities, for ■ p»y A*'mikTrom WrM Virgin Liverpool, •oil 2/- per a ore. Dairying, cattle raising-, fruit growing, gardenia?. Unlimited market Grand climate. Thousands of acres in peaches. Idea] social and educational conditions. Government guarantees farm hands and domestics situations. Good wages. Marvellous natural resources await investors. Write-R. REID, Ontario Government Agent, 163, Strand, London.
FINAL REDUCTION FOR SITTINGS 4t Th«r« ia still Ubm to Mt «cr» from light br—dm. M J I ■ Sitting* of Efffi from mj ru*r*nte«d Str*ia» §11M ■ of Wlni«r L*r«n. 36 Eg*ri to th« dttlcr* »• ■ rtplftMBtntit carefully picked, forward, WUMt Blaek and Brown Lachorns, Gold and Sllrtf Camllln-. Vwv-bnd Day-old Chick* of above brotdo, 1tJ- Aobm. RALPH R. ALLER. SAWBRIDGEWORTH. HERTS. AJLnEN W CHOLEILA CURE. Price 2/1, pa* paid. A positive Cure for Cholera, Bowel Tro^M^ Indigestion, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, &c.(9 Used occasionally in the drinking-water the year round it will effectually prevent diseases of the digestive organs. ALLEN'S GAPE CUBE. Price SILl, poet paid. Willi surely rid your birds of this dangerona disease if used as directed. FuU instruction* with every Box. AT-T-IPN,s TONIC CAPSULES. Price 1/6 per Box of 36, post paid. The Fancier's Friend. Immediately a bird Is noticed off-colour a capsule (iron, quinine, and cod-liver oil) night and morning will speedily put it right. For a day or two before aod after shows they are invaluable. AXiLEK'S VERMIN DESTROYER. Price 1/3 per Large Tin, post paid. a The whole flock should be dusted occasionally; every Broody Hen before entrusting her wiii» a setting of eggs. aAlaPB R. ALLEX, Sawbridgeworth, Herta. In reply to a query, the Master of the St. Asaph Workhouse informed the guar- dians, on Friday, that there were very few genuine working men now on tramp, and 131 vagrants had passed through the wards in two weeks.
Housebreaking at Caerwys. Charge Against a Babell Man. COMMITTED FOR TRIAL. At a special court at Holywell on Mon- day—before Mess vs. J. Lloyd Price, Edwin Roberts and S. Jones—Jolui Thomas Wil- liams, of Ferrwd Cottage, Babell, was brought up on a charge of feloniously breaking into and stealing from the house of John David Jones, at Marian Trefedwen, Caerwys, on Thu.-5fl.iy, the 4tli inst., two pounds two shillings. John David Jones said the prisoner worked on the farm, Marian Trefedwen, on Tuesday, the 2nd inst. On Thursday eve- ning at quarter to eight witness left the house to attend a singing meeting at Caer- wys, his wife and daughters having pre- ceded him. lie locked the house doors and the windows were all closed. They re- turned home about ten o'clock. He noticed in the dairy window that one side of the curtain had dropped down. The backdoor, which he had left barred on the inside, was unbarred and the dorr was closed. He had left a purse in a box in his bedroom up- stairs. The purse contained f,22 2s. ( £ 20 in P-5 notes and two pounds in gold and one two-shilling piece). When he went to the bedroom he found that the two sover- eigns and the two-shilling piece had gone, but the notes remained in the purse. Going downstairs he examined the window and found it had been opened. He looked round to see if anything else was missing, but found everything was all right. The window was a sliding window it was closed but not fastened. The following morning he went to Caerwys and gave information to the police, and Sergt. Kingsbury return- ed with him to the house. About half-past six that evening he was speaking to the prisoner, who asked him if he was going to the festival. He told him he was, and pri- soner saw his wife and the girl going to the festival. James Hughes, Marian Trefedwen Farm, said he saw the prisoner going from the yard of John David Jones at about 6.30 on Thursday evening, and again saw prisoner in the yard at about ten minutes past eight the same night. He knew the prisoner well and was about 100 yards from him at the time. Prisoner went in the direction of the lower part of the town of Caerii-ys. Police-Sergt. Geo. Kingsbury said he ex- amined the sliding window of the dairy at Marian Trefedwen, and found it could be easily pushed b.u-k and opened from the outside. There was a mark on the bottom part of the window frame. He was shown where the money had been kept. There were four five-pound notes in the purse. He made inquiries and later went to Babell, where he saw Mr. Brownlie, and afterwards called at prisoner's mother-in-law, at the Ferrwd Cottage. He ascertained prisoner had gone to Bagillt. He followed and from there went towards Mostyn and met the prisoner on the main road near Ilalendy at about 5.30 in the evening. He asked pri- soner his whereabouts on the previous (Thursday) evening, and lie replied that he was at the Pant Farm working up to six o'clock and at Marian Trefedwen about half past six, and from there went to Ferrwd Cottage and then back to Caerwys, about 8.30. He told prisoner there was some money missing from Marian Trefedwen, and he had been told that lie (prisoner) was seen on the premises after 8 o'clock. Prisoner said, "That's a lie." Witness said to pri- soner, "J want V jU to account for the money you have been spending here to-day." Pri- soner replied lie had been to Halendy and had received from his step-brother as a loan. Witness asked when he had seen his brother last. Prisoner said he saw him on Wednesday, and upon being asked where his brother was prisoner replied, "In a gar- den near the Marsh Farm, Mostvn." They went in search of the brother and found him in the garden. Continuing, witness stated: lacked him when he saw Johnny (the prisoner) last. He replied, "On Tues- day." I asked him if he had seen him that day, and he said "No, but I am surprised to see him here." Asked if he had given Johnny anything, lie replied ttiat he had given him two pounds on Tuesday. I said, "It's a funny thing that one says lie saw the other on Tuesday and the other oil W ed nesday." I then told both men that money was missing from Mariall Trefedwen Farm, and that John (the prisoner) was seen there when the place It.d been left alone. His brother then told the prisoner if he knew anything of the money to tell the truth. Prisnvr said he knew nothing about the nionev, and that he was not near the pre- mise' The brother then said the reason whv he had given him (the prisoner) the two pounds was that he going away to Lancashire to look for work. I asKed the prisoner if he would come with me to Holy- well to s,e inspector Hill, and he accom- panied me. We saw the Inspector, and pri- soner was allowed to go home that evening. This morning, about t,n o'clock, he came to the Police Station at Caerwys and said lie wanted to tell tho truth. I said "What is that. Jack?" and he replied, "It's all about the money from Marian." T cautioned him in. the usual way. and he said, "It was me that took the mrney-the two pounds and the two shilling." I charged him with stealing the money, and brought him to Holywell. He also told me he had thrown the two pound 1 out of the train between Bngillt and Greenfield. Prisoner, when formally charged, said, "I had the C2 from my brother and I stole the other." He was then committed for trial.
Fifty-three South African farmers sailed from Capo Town, on Saturday, on a visit to Great Britain, at the invitation of Sir Owen Philipps, of the Union Castle Line.
Interesting Wedding. CROUDACE—DRUG HORN. St. Paul's Church, Beckenham, was the scene of a very grand event on Tuesday, last week, when the sacred building, which was specially beautified with palms and choice flowers, was filled with a large party of guests and residents eager to witness the interesting marriage of Miss Lucienne Frederique Drughorn, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Frederick Drughorn, of Banavie, Beckenham, with Mr. Dacre de Jersey Croudace, eldestson of the late Mr. Christopher John Croudaee, of Pendre House, Holywell, and of Mrs. Croudace, Morfa Lodge, Rhyl. The ceremony was im- pressively performed by the Rev. W. Pym, uncle of the bridegroom, assisted by the Rev. the Hon. Maurice Peel, vicar of St. Paul's, Beckenham. During the assembling of the congregation Mr H. G. F. Wheeler, the organist, played a selection of appro- priate organ music and the clergy and choir received the bride with her seven attendant maids at the south door and escorted them to the chancel steps. The central figure of the ceremony looked charming as she passed up the aisle leaning on the arm of her father, who gave her away. The procession- al hymn chosen was "The Voice that breath- ed o'er Eden," and the hymn sung while the congregation knelt was "0 perfect love." While the register was being signed in the vestry Bach's "My heart ever faith- ful" was sung by a solo boy and the pealing forth of Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" indicated the consummation of the happy event, and the bride and bridegroom passed down the church through an avenue of spec- tators who expressed their good feeling in kindly smiles. The bride's wedding gown was of old Chantilly lace of rich design beautifully embroidered with seed pearls. The skirt had a wonderfully gracelul drapery of soft ivory Charmeresse, tailing back on one ciae in a flowing cascade, forming a short train. The uther side was draped away from the hip showing a pretty apron tunic effect in lace edged with pearls. On the bodice points of Charmeresse were introduced, and the sleeves were arranged in the bishop style, and finished with a frill falling over the hand—very soft and effective. The ceinture of Charmeresse folded round with a sprig of orange blossom and myrtle light- ly tucked into it, at the centre—added the finishing touch to this charmingly graceful gown, Rich ivory Charmante crepe bro- caded with gold embossed roses, formed a full Court train, real Chantilly again being used to form a corner effect, with sprays of orange and myrtle blossom trailing up the side. The train was lined through with white chiffon arranged in a simple and yet effective stvle. T' e veil was a beautiful old Limerick lace, very kindly lent by the bridegroom's mother. The bridesmaids were the Misses Fre, Bessie, and Maud Drughorn, sisters of the bride, Miss Poppet Croudace, sister of the bridegroom, Miss Amy Croudace, cousin of the bridegroom, Miss Irene Sehoelling and Miss Marcell Nebout. Mr. Hubert Parry Harris Edge ably discharged the duties of best man. The seven bridesmaids looked charming in gowns of soft silk Valenciennes lace ar- ranged in double deckers. White chiffon underdresses were worn, daintily trimmed with small wreaths of pale blue and pink roses which peeped through the flounces of lace The skirts were gracefully swathed with the palest of blush rose pink Char- mante, the same material being used for the waist. Sprays of silver rose lightly at- tached here and there gave the finishing touches. Very quaint indeed were the Dutch caps worn by thse maids, made of the real Valenciennes lace of the dresses with a band of pale pink encircling the heads and caught down at one side with a cluster of silver roses. After the ceremony the party repa.red to "Banavie," The Avenue, where the bride's parents held a reception, and the weather being kind the beautiful garden was greatly enjoyed by the many guests, the proceed- ings being enlivened by the bright, appro- priate music dispensed by Mr. Bradbury's string band. The host and hostess received their guests in a spacious pavilion in the grounds recently erected for the festivities in connection with the wedding. This hall was tastefully decorated with flowers of a hue harmonising with the delicate shade of the hangings of the mirrored walls and there would have been ample accommoda- tion for the large party had it been neces- sary to hold the function under cover. Later in the afternoon the happy couple took their departure amid showers of rose leaves and silver emblems of good luck and with the heartiest oi wishes expressed by the company. The bride's going awnv dress was a three- piece suit, the skirt in light navy Char- mante so much in vogue this season—slight- ly draped at the side and finished with a swathed belt of its own material, the bodice was very fresh and dainty and was made of white chiffon trimmed with real valanciens edging a piece of navy chiffon was intro- duced in a very effective way. With this gown a delightful coat in white Charmante was worn, it was arranged with the new long-waisted effect, and had a flat pleated basque. The sash was oi navy Charmante gracefully folded and hung into heavy balls in front—the small roll collar and cuffs were of the same material. The bride's mother wore a gown of shim- mering crepe imperial in a wonderful pale apple green shade (one of the newest shades of the season, by the way). The skirt was very gracefully draped and arranged with a full tunic of self-coloured chiffon upon which hung some really beautiful point de Veerise lace, the bodice was also arranged with this lace and had a pinafore effect carried out in the material and a cluster of silver roses. A piece of brocade encircled the waist and formed a w onderful and daring contrast the belt was caught in front with a large eastern clasp of dull gold with a centrepiece I of vieux rose galalique. A novel feature of this gown was the huge butterfly bow at the C,
1 BVIOUSLV the value of an /Mm/ article can only be deter- -—mined by comparing price » paid with service rendered Thus, if cyc1e tyres c o, t i n a practically half as much again as if/CHaiN Cvcle Tvres are to yield full value, they must render practically 50 per cent. better service than Michelins. But this they cannot do. It is impossible to procure, at any price, a Roadster Cycle Cover which can give even 1 per cent. better service than a Michelin Rcadster Cover, the prices of which, in any size, are AW 8/6 Wired Beaded These prices would not be possible, did we follow other manufacturers' methods and produce tyres of several qualities. It is only because we save factory costs by concentrating upon the production of One Quality only-the Best and because we command enormous resources, that we are able to provide the cycling public with the best tyre in the world at these prices. YOU SAVE 60% MOTOR CYCLISTS bv fitting ci MICHELIN RED RUBBER DON'T PAY MORE THAN 14,9 for a cover for TUBE at 5/6, because it will outlast two a "lightweight" because a 24 or 26 x 2 B.E. covers, whereas four so-called cheap tubes at MICHELIN "LIGHT" COVER, specially designed 316 = 141- would be required to render equal and constr/lcted fOI'" hght'lf.'eJ¡;hts. can be obtained f rim atty of the unaernotea Agents for that prIce-and the serlllre. price of the 26 x is 12 6 | Ask any of these Agents for all interesting free bookht on Michelin Cycle and Motor Cycle Tyres 1 1, res Stocked by: BUCKLEY—W. S'evensoii, Central Hell, Main Street. Owens, Brunswick Iloa l. Lane End. CAERGWRLE—E. T. Henshaw. CONNAH'S QUAY-Jones & Son, High Street. HAWARDEN—W. H. Edmunds. MOLD—The Armonic," Ltd., 15, High Street. Jones Motor & Cycle Co., Ltd., King Street. y 0 QUEEN'S FERRY—T. M. Dutton, The Garage. RHYL—Nelson's Cycle Depot, 39, Queen Street. r
— TRIBUTE TO MODERN JOURNALISM. The Rev. Charles Spurr, at Regent's Park Chapel, 011 Sunday, paitl a high tribute to modern journalism. lie declared that, taking the newspapers and journalism as a whole, the spirit of true religion was revealed more often in the columns of a newspaper than in the majority of the magazines or novels of to- day. In the latter a spirit of sheer indif- i ference to spiritual or moral law was ap- parent, which was not the case with most of the newspapers and tie rejoiced greatly in this fact.
Profitable Poultry II Culture. By RALPH R. ALLEN. Lecturer to the Herts County Council; Editoi of Monthly Hints on PULI]try," &e. (All rights referred.J A SUCCESSFUL BREEDING SEASON. (Continued.) (Readers are particularly requested to note that this series of articles commenced with the first issue in January. In order to obtain their full value, the earlier ar- ticles should be read in conjunction with the current one.) I TURNING THE EGGS. 1 My own practice is not to disturb the eggs until the second evening, although there is really no reason why they should not be turned before. From experience I know the care exercised by many operators I in turning Many times have I no- ticed "morning'' carefully written OIl one side of the egg and "evening" diametrically opposite, to ensure that the eggs are evenly turnd night and morning. This is quite unnecessary. The reason for turning them at all is. inasmuch as the embryo always floats to the top of the liquid content, there is a danger of it adhering to the shell. To obviate this it has been found advisable by practical experience to change the position of the eggs, hence the term "turning" was applied to the operation. In the course of time this has conveyed to the operator, or. at all events, to the careful operator, that it is imperative to mathematically turn them an exact half-circle. Personally, I do not find this gives the best results, and for this reason I am not in favour of automatic turning devices, or the use of an extra tray for turning, as advocated in the use of some of the American-pattern machines. I should strongly advise operators to sim- ply remove a few of the eggs from the centre of the drawer or tray, and then gently roll the remainder of the eggs to- wards the centre, placing the eggs that were removed on the outside of the drawer or y tray. This alters the position of every egg, and prevents the adhesion of the embryo to the shell, and at the same time tends to give a more average temperature to every egg if the diffusion of heat is net equal in every part of the chamber. Incubator manufacturers must not be angry at this 0!soivation. 1 have personally tested most makes of machines, and at present know of practically n<>ne where the diffusion is ab- solutely equable throughout the egg-cham- ber; at the same time, I am not remarking this from a derogatory sense. To my mind, providing the variation is small, it is benc- ficial, the temperature under the hen vary- ing according to the location of the egg in I the nest. Learning, however, from Nature, we observe that the hens are careful to constantly change their relative -position so I as to secure an average throughout, and if the practice I have just recommended is followed, we secure the same advantage in artificial incubation. I might here remark that I have frequent- ly been the recipient of correspondence in- quiring why some eggs hatch out fully thirty- six hours sooner than others? I concede that the freshness of the egg when sat is a factor in the solution of this problem, but I also suggest to you that the variation in temperature to which some eggs are sub- jected, due to the unequal diffusion of heat throughout the chamber, combined with the fact that the operator has failed to change their relative position, is also a determin- ing cause. To prove the accuracy of my re- marks on this point, commence a hatch, run at a comparatively high temperature throughout, say 104 degrees, reduce the time for airing and cooling to a minimum, and you will hatch chicks in nineteen to twenty days. I grant you they will be weakly specimens, and not worth your trouble to rear. On the other hand, run a hatch on the ordinary approved lines, as laid down, and twenty to twenty-one days will be the average period of incubation. You can go even further by a third test. Run the machine at 102 degrees only. Air and cool to a considerable extent, and in- cubation can be prolonged to twenty-two and even twenty-three days. This conclusively proves to my mind that. granted unequal diffusion of heat in the egg-chamber, and I can assure you it obtains to a greater or lesser extent in j> radically ci ery make, it is necessary to change the location of the eggs on the tray or drawer if it is desired to hatch the eggs more or less simultaneously. The turning operation C:IJl be continued un- til the nineteenth evening. It is the practice with some operators to turn the eggs only once per diem. In the great majority of eases this is sufficient; ut there is a danger the operation is L illy pi-rf-; raid once a day that what we ere endeavoui ing to prevcnt-namdy, the adhesion of the embryo to the interior of the shell—may happen, and as the turning process, carried out in the manner I have suggested, is so simple, and occupies only a fraction of time, I would advise that it be performed morning and evening, (To be continued.)
(Any enquiries concerning poultry keep- oig addressed to our expert, Ralph R. Allen, Sawbridgeworth, Herts, will be answered through these columns free, but hose requiring a postal answer direct, or -ending birds for post-mortem examination, ;1:II",t remit half-crown postal order.)
back in tulle. Mrs. Drughorn also wore a black hat with black and white ospreys. It was a happy thought on the part of Mr. and Mr8 Drughorn to close the day's pro- ceedings by giving a dance. About 150 ac- eepted invitations and the guests thorough- ly enjoyed the programme. Bradbury's band faultlessly led the dance and the "floor" was all that the most critical terp- sichorian could desire. A thousand elec- j trie lights brilliantly illuminated the room. The flood of light was controlled by some ingenious device by which when desired it faded into darkness and the scene became fairyland by the streams of colour from limelight playing on the dainty costumes of the dancers as they glided about the room. Daylight was reigning when one of the guests expressed in felicitous terms the thanks of the guests for such a happy time and cheers were given for the host and hostess and the bride and bridegroom. The following is a list of wedding pre- sents Bride to Bridegroom—Gold and platinum cuff links and studs. Bridegroom to Bride—Gold wristlet watch Bride's parents—Furniture. Bride's Mother to Bride—Silver drawing- room mirror, gold muff chain and locket. Bride's Father—Cheque. Bridegroom's Mother—Limoges dessert service. Miss Fre Drughorn—Canteen of Cutlery. Miss Bessie Drtigliorii-Breakfast and tea service. Miss Maude Drughorn—Silver tea tray. Mr. Fitz Drughorn—Piano pianola (Steinway). Mr. Willie Drughorn—Dinner service. Misses P. and H. Crondace-Silver egg stand, case of tea knives, old-fashioned cop- per warming pan. Miss Nora Cronjrtace—Hand-embroidered satin cushion. Mr. Chris. Croudace-Coluured portrait, silver luncheon tray and bread knife. Sir Fortesquc and Lady Flannery—Silver kettle and spirit lamp. The Rev. W. and Mrs. Pym—Silver piece and breakfast heater. Dr. and Mrs. Ci-oudaee-Four antique Sheffield plate candlesticks and silver bis- cuit box. Miss Amy Croudace—silver cake basket and pink satin hand-embroidered sachets table centre and d'oyleys. Miss Johnson-Jones—Picture. Mrs. Johnson Jones—Silver photo frame. Dr. Eyton Lloyd—Case of pipes. Mr. and Mrs. G. Eyton Lloyd—Pair of engravings. Mrs. Frank Lloyd—hand embroidered table cloth. Dr. and Mre. Parry—Electric kettle. Mrs. R. n. Williams—Silver sauce boat; and many others.