The Countess of Ellesmere is president, and Viscountess Bracklev vice-president, of the Ellesmere Samaritan' Guild, which has been Established at Worsley. The members pledge themselves to be kind and helpful to anyone Asking or needing help. King Alfonso has signed a decree relieving j^ar-Admirals Spottorno and Estran of their Junctions as ncsval assessors. They presented re- ^°rts acainst the award of the naval construction w'tttraet to the company with which Messrs. inkers, Sons, and Maxim are associated.
G.W.R. AWARD. The award of Mr. H. E. Duke, K.C., the arbi- trator appointed to decide questions affecting the hours and wages of various grades of work- men in the employ of the Great Western Rail- way Company, was issued on Sunday. The chief features of the award are as follows The claim of all grades that a minimum of rate and a quarter be paid for all time worked over the standard houl", is awarded, subject to certain modifications in the case of some grades of workmen, such as goods guards, brakesmen, shunters, and platform staffs. The claim that a minimum of rate and a. half be paid for Sunday work is awarded to plate- layers. The claim made by signalmen. goods guards, brakesmen, shunters, passenger guards, and passenger shunters for a standard day of eight hours is not awarded. In respect of the claim of signalmen and signal porters for an advance of 2s. per week, the award of the arbitrator is that men work- ing more than eight hours per day, and having three years' satisfactory service at their maxi- mum pay in principal and secondary main line and special cabins, have Is. per week advance, men with five years' satisfactory service to have 2s. per week advance on present rates. A similar advance of wages is awarded to pas- senger guards at a maximum or fixed wage of 27s. per week. The award is to take effect as from June 26 1909, and to continue for a period of four years.
A LOYER OF ART. Lord Balcarres, who, as Chairman of the National Art Collection Fund, was largely instrumental in securing Holbein's famous picture for the nation, is the eldest son and heir of the Earl of Crawford, Premier Earl on the Union Roll of Scotland. He comes of a line of fighters, but his father is, like Lord Balcarres himself, a student and a lover of the arts. The estate of the Earl of Crawford adjoins the Chorley Divi- sion of Lancashire, which Lord Balcarres has represented in the House of Commons since 1895. He is a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery, honorary secre- tary of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, and vice- chairman of the National Trust. In politics Lord Balcarres is a Conservative. When Mr. Gerald Balfour was Irish Secretary Lord Balcarres was his private secretary, and he has also been a Junior Lord of the Treasury.
An official, of the Great Northern and City Railway was the complainant on an assault summons at the London Guildhall against Mr. Percival Spencer, of Aberdeen-road, Highbury, the well-known aeronaut. The case arose out of the non-production of a ticket which Mr. Spencer had lost. It was stated that Mr. Spencer had apologised and paid the costs, and, on the application of the railway company, the alderman allowed the summons to be withdrawn. Whilst felling a lofty chimney stack at Aque- duct-street liJIookilns" Preston, J. Reed, a steeplejack, and his assistant had barely got to a place of safety when a portion of the chimney fell to the ground. The chimney was about 100 years old. Miss Harriet E. G. Etheridge, of Forest House, Bartley, Hampshire, who died on March 15 worth zC6,569, left all her estate, except one bequest of £ 50, to her servant, Sarah Sophia Holloway, "in recognition of her faithftil ser- vices." tj
PRINCE DOWN A MINE. The most interesting incident of the tour of the Prince and Princess of Wales in their duchy of Cornwall was a visit to the Phoenix tin mines, near Liskeard. At the entrance to the marquee a beautiful bouquet was presented to the Prin- cess by a miner attired in his underground work- ing clothes, and her Royal Highness shook hands with him and graciously asked him a few questions. The Prince then christened a new shaft, and the Princess started a new pumping engine named after herself. Then, donning mining at- tire, and taking acetylene lamps, their Royal Highnesses went underground, where they in- spected the tin lode and watched the miners at work. They remained in the adit half an hour and greatly enjoyed the experience. The Royal party afterwards crossed into Devonshire, and passed through Tavistock be- tween ranks of Territorials. At Merivale Bridge Mr. Robert Burnard took the Prince and Princess to the site of an old hut circle and ither antiquities.
SAVED 99 LIVES. No fewer than ninety-nine lives have been saved by Thomas Jackson, a coal porter, of Ilaggerston, London, who gave evidence at a Bethnal-green inquest. His breast was covered with medals, and he has received seventeen testimonials from I the Royal Humane Society. Seventeen children have been saved by him from drowning in the Regent's Canal, and among the other places where he has saved lives are the Victoria Park lakes, Bourne- mouth, Spring Hill, and Hastings. He hopes soon; to bring the number of his rescues up to l and as he is only forty-six years of age there is every 'probability that he will accomplish thl feat:
THE GREATEST FLEET. REVIEW AT SPITHEAD. TORPEDO ATTACK. Whatever else the members of the Imperial Press Conference may forget in connection with their visit to the Mother Country, they will certainly remember the stirring scene at Spithead on Saturday, when they witnessed a review of the most magnificent fleet of fighting ships the world has ever seen. There were 150 vessels taking part, complete in every detail, from the mighty Dreadnoughts (of which there were seven) to the small and sinister submarines. The vessels comprised the First and Second Divisions of the Home Fleet, with the Atlantic Fleet, and the attendant vessels of these two commands. The display was witnessed by the delegates as the guests of the Admiralty, the special service vessel Volcano being set apart for their accommodation. The Admiralty yacht Enchantress carried the Lords of the Admiralty, and as hosts and guests embarked the guns of the old battle- ship Victory fired a salute. The ships were drawn up in four lines in the Solent, gay with flags. The inspecting vessels entered the fleet between the lines Edward VII. The streets of men-of-war covered altogether about 18 miles. At the end of the first line the visitors crossed over to the anchorage ground of the submarines, returning to the fleet, and passing down the lines in which were the Dreadnought and cruisers of the Dreadnought type. o TORPEDO ATTACK. An attack by submarines and destroyers was made upon the Dreadnought. The first submarines were high on the surface, with officers and men in the conning towers. Then came others partially submerged, with the crew all below. Then a detachment with nothing showing above water but the peri- scope. Next about' a dozen destroyers steamed along at about 23 knots, firing torpedoes at the Dreadnought. The great ship was pro- tected by a net, but one of the torpedoes struck the top of the net, leapt over it, and came with a dull thud on the side of the Dreadnought. Another torpedo dived under- neath and appeared between the protecting curtain and the ship's side. After the tor- pedo attack the visitors inspected the interior of the Dreadnought, had tea, and then returned to the yachts and service vessels and proceeded to Whale Island, where the famous school of gunnery is located. i BATTLE OF WHALE ISLAND. Here the party saw a display of mimic war- fare in the form of an attempt to land an I attacking naval force. The object was to illustrate the landing of guns and the train- ing of bluejackets in skirmishing. A position in the sea coast being held by a small force of bluejackets, notice was given by the look- outs that hostile vessels and parties in armed boats were nearing the coast. The defenders at once manned their trenches and opened fire on the approaching boats, but owing to the heavy fire from the attacking vessels the land forces were forced to beat a retreat, their guns disabled. As the first attacking boats landed the gunboats ceased fire, and the defenders again manned their trenches, j firing on the attackers as they disembarked. The latter landed a 4.7 gun, and made a determined onslaught upon the land forces. Then came the sensation of the sham fight. An armoured train, belonging to the de- fenders, dashed up, reinforcements sprang out, the redoubts were recaptured, and the attacking force driven back to their boats. The visitors were afterwards driven through the dockyard, and paid a visit to the workshops. The First Sea Lord, Sir John Fisher, travelled with the newspaper men back to, London, and when the train arrived at Victoria the visitors made a remarkable demonstration in his honour.
FLIES AND DISEASE, I A Blue Book on flies has been issued by the direction of Mr. John Burns and it provides a useful first 6tep to the knowledge of these crea- tures, which are now generally believed to be carriers of infection. t Consignments of flies from various parts of London have been examined, and "the enor- mous numbers of the house fly received "from the gasmen's messroom, Great Northern Rail- Way, adjoining Islington borough depot, would j seem to point to the existence of a breeding ground of this species in the vicinity which cer- tainly ought to be looked for and abolished." Another kind of fly, with a long Latin name, was found in Bermondsev. "The larvae of this fly, which fed as a rule on carrion, are evidently imported in sacks of old bones received at a local glue and size works, and it is possible that i the species also breeds in these works." It is not ordinarily found in dwellings, even in tlie country. "Its occurrence, in sonse numbers, I on August 10 in the kitchen of a London County j Council School, about 150 yards from the glue and size works in question, is a matter which therefore speaks for itself, and should be specially noted. 1 Mr. J. P. Jepson, by some experiments at Cambridge, has found that flies will breed in the winter. And if, as seems probable, they are only to be found then "in isolated colonies in j certain warm places. they could easily be i destroyed, as even the slightest exposure during I the cold months is fatal to them." Further reports are to be issued.
I —— VICAR'S TRAGIC DEATH. The Rev. R. W. Hadden, vicar of the well- known Church of St. Mark, North Audley- street, London, W., was walking in St. James's- street, Piccadilly, with the Rev. Canon Shep- pard, Sub-Dean of the Chapels Royal, when he suddenly fell to the ground. Canon Sheppard rendered all the assistance he could, and two doctors were summoned, but upon their arrival Mr. Hadden was dead. The body was removed to the mortuary. The rev. gentleman, who had been vicar of St. Mark's for the past ten years, leaves a widow, two sons, and a daughter. It was known that he had been suffering for some time from heart disease.
EVILS OF fi LABEL LICKING." Reporting on "label licking," the chief lady inspector under the Factories and Workshops Act says that "this uncleanly and insanitary method of attaching labels to industrial pro- ducts"—the workers being too often young, growing persons—is still pursued. One" child of twelve told the inspector that every day she left the mill she suffered from sickness, and that it was licking the labels which made her ill. A doctor wrote that he found the girls in one establishment each licked 6,640 labels per day. The majority of the workers had teeth more or less decayed, and one had decidedly swollen glands.
EPITOME OF NEWS, For stealing a rose from a grave a woman has,- been fined at Bristol. Holidays-makers at Yarmouth chased a hare along the beach. It is proposed to convert the bed of the Merthyr and Abercynn Canal into a road. The Rev. Edward Everett Hale, chaplain of the United States Senate, and a prominent American literary man, has just died. Over £10,000 has been left by the late Mrs. Annie Fulton to Cardiff University College. Archdeacon Wright, of Manchester, has accepted his election as Archlsishop of Sydney. William Keen was found hanging dead from the locked door of his dairy at Furness-road, Willesden. Sir G. Doughty's Committee of the Commons have passed the proposal to electrify the High- gate-hill cable tramway. Nineteen coaches belonging to members of the Coaching Club assembled in Hyde-park. At the 545th annual fair held at Ingham, Norfolk, James Whittleton attended for tlx, seventy-fifth successive year. Coventry Corporation's new gasworks have been formally opened by the Mayor. It is hoped that a. daily service between White- haven and the Isle of Man will commence at the beginning of July. During a fire, which destroyed the Spenny- moor Hippodrome, a boy, looking on from another building, fell and broke his leg. Kissing and babies' comforters were con- demned as dangers at the Whitechapel Con- sumption Exhibition, when the Lord Mayor pre- sided. The Hon. A. G. Brodrick, Sir Edward Ward, Major E. F. Coates, M.P., and the Bishop of Stepney have been appointed additional trustees of the Whiteley Homes. "The value of property depends to some ex- tent on who is Chancellor of the Exchequer," Mr. Justice Darling remarked at the Old Bailey. It was stated at an inquest at Deal that a young man named Frank Oxen undressed on the beach near Walmer, waded into the sea, and cut his throat. During the first three months of this year 73,139 alien passengers landed in the United Kingdom, as against 59,393 during the corre- sponding period of last year. Kurds have attacked Mr. B. Dickenson, Britsh Vice-Consul at Van, says a Constanti- nople telegram, and robbed him of some of his property. George Bailey, aged twenty-one, was found drowned on the day when he should have been married in a pond at Greasborough, Rotherham. While Mr. Justice Grantham was riding to the Law Courts he was thrown from his horse outside the National Liberal Club, but escaped injury. The new cruiser Boadicea, which has beeff built at a cost of £ 332,000, was commissioned at Sheerness for her first term of active service. To meet the cost of entertaining the officers and men of the Home and Atlantic Fleets, who- will visit the Thames in July, the City of London Corporation voted < £ 2,300. A hundred and nine motor-cars competed in the Prince Heinrich race from Berlin to Breslau, Buda Pesth, Vienna, and Munich. The death is reported from Boston of the Rev. E. Everett Hale, chaplain of the United States Senate and a well-known author, at the age of eighty-seven. Mr. Ernest Young, journalist, died suddenly whilst sitting at the reporters' table at a Labour meeting at Southampton. The Porte has requested France, Great Britain, Italy, and Russia to reconsider their decision with regard to the evacuation of Crete, which is fixed for July. At Cambridge, John Towerson Cory, an. «ndatgra<fate of Christ's College, „ was fined £ 1 for using obscene language, and X5 and costs for assaulting the police. Rear-Admiral F. S. Pelham has been selected for the appointment of Admiral Superintendent at Gibraltar in succession to Rear-Admiral Sir James E. Goodrich and Rear-Admiral R. N. Ommanney will be appointed Admiral Superin- tendent of Chatham Dockyard in succession to Vice-Admiral G. A. Giffard. Two Russians from the East-end of London,- Abraham Cohen and Joseph Gilbert, were dis- covered late at night trying to force open..a safa containing CSOO in a Nottingham post office. They were committed for trial. Every one who boats on the river should first learn to swim," the coroner stated at an in- quest at Hampton Wick on Walter Simpson, Sinclair, a bank clerk, who was drowned by falling into the Thames from a boat. Mr, Otho Stuart will take the part of Clarence in "Richard III." when it is performed by Mr. and Mrs. F. R. Benson and company at His Majesty's Theatre during the second week of Mr. Beerbohm Tree's annual Shakespearian festival. In the Consett County-court the judge de- cided that widows who claimed compensation for the loss of husbands and sons killed in the West Stanley Colliery explosion were only entitled to compensation for the loss of their husbands. Speaking at the annual meeting of the Bank of British West Africa, Sir Alfred Jones 6aid he was informed that thousands of tons of pro- duce in the interior of Sierra Leone were rotting, owing to the fact that the railway was unable to meet the demands of natives for transport to Freetown. At Leicester John William Watts, the rate collector who was arrested in Bilbao, was re- manded charged with embezflement of money the property of the corporation. The total amount involved is said to be £ 1,120. Among the illuminations on the occasion of the visit of the King and Queen to Birmingham in July will be a tramcar bearing 5,000 coloured lights in various devices. The car will be driven round the city and the suburbs for two evenings. Rains have fallen in several districts in the Argentine, and have proved very beneficial to agriculture. Owing to the prolonged drought, however, losses have been incurred by the cattle breeders which it will be impossible to make good. At a meeting convened by the Birmingham 0 Chamber of Commerce a resolution was passed pledging Birmingham manufacturers to support 0 the Government in making the British section 11 a success at the Brussels Exhibition next year. Mr. J. Blagbrough, London district goods manager of the Midland Railway Company, has died at his residence, Dartmouth-park-road, High gate. Thirty-one motorists were convicted at King- ston for exceeding the speed limit, the fines and costs imposed totalling £146 6s. While the Earl of Crewe was addressing the annual meeting of the South African Colonisa- tion Society at 22, Portman-square, London, at which Princess Christian was present, he was four times interrupted by suffragettes. None of the candidates for the four vacancies on the National Administrative Council of the Independent Labour Party having obtained a clear majority of votes cast, the names of the eleven highest are to be submitted to a second ballot. In the butter tests at the Royal Counties Show at Reading the gold medal of the English. Jersey Cattle Society was won by Mr. J. Smith Barry, of Pewsey, Wilts. Greenwich Guardians have rescinded their resolution passed some weeks ago cutting down aged inmates allowances of tobacco from half an ounce to a third because of the extra duty. The Austrian War Office has ordered & Lebaudy airship. A Parseval airship has already been ordered, so that the Austrian army will have two dirigible balloons by next autumn.
PARLIAMENTARY PARS WELSH DISESTABLISHMENT. CHILDREN IN FACTORIES. For some time past the fate of the Welsh Disestablishment Bill has been doubtful, and the Welsh members have been a prey to keen anxiety on its behalf. They are not at all pleased, though probably not in the least -surprised, at the decision of the Prime Minister not to carry the measure beyond the second reading stage this Session. The mem- bers from Wales have waited long and patiently for this Bill, but they must possess their souls in what of patience may be left to them until next year, at any rate. They have received a promise from Mr. Lloyd George—the most Welsh of them all, but a Cabinet Minister-that the Bill for disestab- lishing the Welsh Church shall be the first Pleasure introduced by the Government next Session. No REVOLT. There was at first an inclination amongst J some of the Welsh members to take ven- geance upon the Government for dropping the Bill for this Session. A proposal was niade that the little band should not support any other Government measure with the ex- I ception of the Budget during the remainder of the Session. Other counsels prevailed, however, and the assurance of the Prime Minister, as conveyed by Mr. Lloyd George, has been accepted as satisfactory. Only one member held out, and that was Mr. Clement Edwards, the journalist and barrister who represents Denbigh District. RAILWAY INQUIRY. During the recent discussions on railway agreements arising out of the Amalgama- tion Bill promoted by three of the great com- panies—which was subsequently withdrawn— the President of the Board ot Trade stated that it was intended to appoint a Committee to inquire into the whole subject of railway amalgamations and combinations. Mr. vfrurchill has now appointed such a Com- mittee to consider and report as soon as prac- ticable what changes, if any, are expedient In the law relating to agreements among rail- way companies, and what, if any, general Provisions ought to be embodied, for the pur- Pose of safeguarding the various interests affected, in future Acts of Parliament autho- rising railway amalgamations or working unions. The following constitute the Com-' Wittier—Mr. Russell Rea, M.P., Chairman; Lord Robert Cecil, M.P.; Sir Maurice Levy, M.P.; Mr. G. H. Roberts, M.P.; Lord Hamil- ton of Dalzell; Lord Newton; Mr. J. S. Beale (Director of the Midland Railway); Mr. Alexander Siemens (Director of the Siemens Bros, and Co., Engineers); Mr. Ernest Moon, K.C. (member of the recent Board of Trade Railway Conference); and Mr. W. Temple Franks (secretary of the Railway Companies' Association). Mr. Russell Rea, the Chair- man, is a shipowner and merchant, and he has- been Deputy-Chairman of the Taff Vale Railway- He is a Liberal, and sits fbr the City of Gloucester. Children AND Machinery. There are, after all, other things besides the Budget with which Parliament is con- cerned, and this week the House devoted some time to comparatively inexciting but still highly important matters connected with Home Office administration. Sir Charles Dilke, with his encyclopaedic knowledge and mastery of detail, always shines on these i occasions, and this year he raised the ques- tion of the conditions in factory labour and labour generally of children of tender years. puring the present year, he said, there had been an extraordinary number of inquests .1n which most painful facts had been revealed "ith regard to the employment of children of t, thirteen years of age. The law pro- vided that no child should be employed in a Way which was injurious to life or limb, but apparently this was a provision which was not resorted to. The words must have been inserted in the Act for some purpose, and surely some use could be made of them. The effect would be to prevent children of tender .Years being employed on dangerous machi- nery. Number OF INSPECTORS. A Labour member, Mr. Gill, said the Home ■Secretary, in accordance with his promise last year, had increased the number of fac- tory 'inspectors to 200, but it was too early to decide whether the increase was sufficient. There were 260,000 factories and workshops to be inspected, or an average of 1,300 to each inspector. MAKING INQUIRIES. In the course of a reply to his critics, Mr. Gladstone said that, with regard to the point as to the protection of child-life, he Was making inquiries to see what could be done. The suggestions which had been made that the number of inspectors for factories and mines should be increased had been occupying his attention for some time. He considered that it was absurd that employers aind employees could not give reasonable effect to the laws passed for their benefit without waiting for an inspector to come along. He hoped to devise some plan whereby this could be done, in which case the pre- sent number of inspectors would be ample. llE ALIENS ACT. A Cabinet Minister gets, as a rule, more ^iticism than compliments from his political PPonents. It must have been a pleasant $J*&nge for Mr. Gladstone to hear Mr. Akers- ^ougias, who was Home Secretary in Mr. •Balfour's Government, say a few nice things the present Home Secretary's adminis- tration of the Aliens Act—"that wretched Aliens Act," as Mr. Lupton called it later oil. Mr. Akers-Douglas said the Act had Succeeded in great measure. He thought the Home Secretary had fairly and efficiently ad- ministered that portion of the Act relating to the expulsion of criminal aliens. He could Hot be blamed for having neglected to issue orders for expulsion, because last year, out 335 recommendations, 319 orders were It, was, however, regrettable, said e Akers-Douglas, that the definition of an trUgi"t.})t ship should have been altered, as in at Way a considerable hole had been made 1. the net which was intended to catch un- eSlrable aliens. Police WEEKLY REST Day. -p The members of the Metropolitan Police *°rce are to have a weekly rest day. This ,announcement was made by Mr. Gladstone, ho said that with the Commissioner he had Considered the report of the Select Committee "hich has been investigating the question -and has decided to give effect to the recom- mendations. They will be carried out as Quickly as possible. What the weekly rest 'day means may be. judged from the state- ment that in order to bring it about some 1.400 or 1,500 additional constables will be re- quired over and above the recruits normally Heeded each year to fill vacancies and to pro- vide for the increase of work caused by the growth of population. The additional cost will, of course, be heavy—, £ 150,000—but Mr. Gladstone hopes that the ratepayers will bear it cheerfully, buoyed up by the conscious- ness that they are being bled in a good cause.
FRENCH EARTHQUAKE. HEAVY LOSS OF LIFE. Over three hundred persons were killed or injured in an earthquake which occurred on Friday, the area in which the shocks were ex- ferienced extending from Savona, in the talian Riviera, to Barcelona, and frorj Grenoble and Barcelona in the north to the Tagus valley. In Portugal somewhat serious shocks were also experienced on Saturday night. According to the Director of the Meteoro- logical Office in Paris, the shocks were the worst experienced in. France since the earth- quakes of 1887. The district which suffered most was in the Department of the Bouches-du-Rhone, especi- ally near Aix-en-Provence. At the village of Rognes the overhanging rocks were precipi- tated into the valley, practically every house was destroyed, and thirteen people were killed outright. In other villages the loss of life was con- siderable, and it is estimated that the total mortality in the Bouches-du-Rhone was seventy, while the conjectural total of in- jured is 250. Some of the bodies recovered at the village of St. Cannat were horribly mutilated. An old man of seventy, who ,vas looking on at a game of billiards in a cate, was killed where he stood by the table. A boy of fifteen was killed in the same room. Throughout Saturday night the cries of a family buried beneath the ruins of a house at Rognes were heard. When at last they were extricated 'at six o'clock on Sunday morning all were dead. The effects of the earthquake in Marseilles were most striking, especially in the old quarters of the city. People rushed into the streets from the cafes and other buildings, and twenty thousand persons were massed to- gether on the Cannebiere and the quays. No serious damage or personal injury occurred in the city, and only some walls in the old quarter were cracked.
VICAR MOBBED. One of the most remarkable scenes ever wit- nessed in an Essex village took place at Tilty, near Dim mow, 'on Saturday evening, where the vicar of the parish, the Rev. E." G. Max ted, convened a meeting on the village green to hear addresses by himself and Mr. Harry Quelch on. Socialism and Christianity. Practically all the parish turned out, and violent and determined opposition was offered to the creed which the vicar was anxious to teach. The village throng came with bugles, gongs, bells, and clappers, such as are used for scaring birds, and even babies held in their mothers' arms were given toy trumpets to blow. The police did not attempt to stop the din which was set up, but when an ugly attempt was made to rush the bank oh which the two Socialist speakers stood they interfered to stop it. When the meeting ended there was a rush for the vicar and Mr., Quelch, but the police kept the angry crowd back while the speakers passed over the green and along the road to- wards the vicarage. Amid the disorder and hubbub which ensued the vicar could be heard inviting the parishioners to church on the fol- lowing morning.
AUSTRALIAN DREADNOUGHT. Mr. Asquith, in the House of Commons, in tfeply to a question, announced that the follow- ing telegram had been received from the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Aus- tralia on June 4:- The Government of the Commonwealth ef Australia take the earliest opportunity after assuming office to inform the Prime Minister, as President of the Imperial Conference, that they will shortly submit to Parliament their proposals for the defence of the Commonwealth and its coasts. They now beg to offer to the Empire an Australian Dreadnought, or such ad- dition to its naval strength as may be deter- mined after consultation with the Naval and Military Conference in London, at which it will be represented. This offer will be communi- cated to Parliament immediately it re- assembles." To this telegram the Secretary for the Colo- Dies (the Earl of Crewe) replied ■'Please convey to your Ministers the warm and very cordial thanks of his Majesty's Govern- mexit for the offer contained in your telegram of June 4. They welcome the opportunity for consultation afforded by the., forthcoming" con- ference on the defence of the Empire." The High Commissioner for New Zealand has received the following telegram from his Goveriiiiient:- WEILINGTON, June 14. House unanimous and enthusiastically carried resolution approving Government offer of March 22 to British Government of a Dreadnought, or two if required.
COAL UNDER THE WASH, Lord Airedale, who presided on Monday night at the dinner of the Coal Trade Benevolent Association in London, said dear fuel was-not altogether an evil. It checked waste in the iron and steel trades, and it was? out, of the saving on waste that great pro- fits had beein made. Looking to the future, his lordship sug- gested that when the Durham coalfield failed the failure would be met by great develop- ments in Eastern England. A professor had geologically proved that the South Yorkshire coalfield extended to the Wash. When the Government was seeking for undeveloped minerals, why should it not extend its opera- tions, and spend some of the extra fund that Mr. Lloyd George had to devote to' beinevo- lent purposes to searching for coal under the Wash? f.
In order to safeguard the visitors during holiday season Bognor Council has appointed an inspector to ascertain the capabilities of the applicant and seaworthiness of his boat before granting licenses for boat hire. Miss Anne Morgan, daughter of Mr. J. Pier- pont Morgan, in a speech delivered to the sailors in the Navy Yard at Brooklyn, declared herself to be a firm opponent of woman's suffrage, saying that there was ,uo need what- ever for women to have the vote to prove them-, selves loyal and obedient citizens.
Q A LIBERAL EARL. One of the comparatively small number of Liberal Peers is the Earl of Portsmouth, who has just been appointed an Ecclesiastical Commissioner. Lord Portsmouth is patron of five benefices in Devonshire and two in Hampshire, and he takes great interest in Church movements, his sympathies being Evangelical. The new Commissioner is fifty-three years of age. For eleven years before succeeding to the Peerage he eat in the House of Commons. As Lord Lymington he sat as a Liberal for Barnstaple from 1880 to 1885. Elected for North Devon in the latter year, he separated from his party on the Home Rule question, but was returned as a Liberal Unionist. In 1891 he left the Com- mons for the Lords, and, having rejoined the Liberal Party, was appointed by Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman Parliamentary Uuder- Secretary for War, an office which he ceased to hold last year.
0 A FnxE TRADE CONSERVATIVE. It is interesting news that Lord Hugh Cecil is to be invited to re-enter Parliamentary life. Men of all parties have regretted his absence from the z, House of Commons since the last general election, when he was at the bottom of the poll at Green- wich, after representing the constituency for 11 years. The Conserva- tive vote was divided between Lord Hugh, who is a staunch Free j Trader, and the official, Unionist candidate, who was sound on Tariff Reform. Lord Hugh Cecil is the youngest son of the late Marquis of Salisbury, and the ablest. He was born in 1869. For some years he was his father's private secretary. He became member for Greenwich in 1895. Lord Hugh is a fine speaker, with a great gift of sarcasm. He can say the most cutting things in the most musical of voices. His great abilities receive general recognition, and though he is now at loggerheads with his party he is surely destined for a great position. ■!■. V :o: '■
-0:0——- ARCHBISHOP OF SYDNEY. It is announced that Archdeacon Wright, of Manchesteiv has accepted the appointment of Archbishop of Sydney. The appointment was a entirely unsought by Archdeacon Wright, and he was surprised to receive an intimation of his election by cablegram. The income attached to the Archbishopric is ,423,000 a year. The new Archbishop has been for many years associated with the Bishop of Manchester, who was Tutor of Merton College, Oxford, when Mr. Wright took his degree, and was also his first rector at Knebworth-Beauchamp. Mr. Wright after- wards held a cilfacy at Bradford, and then was nominated to the vicarage of Ulverstone. He went from there to St. George's, Leeds, where he remained nine years. When Dr. Knox be- came Bishop of Manchester in 1903 he offered Mr. Wright a residentiary canonry, and a few weeks ago appointed him Archdeacon.
--c-- 0 A PORTUGUESE PRINCE. The Duke of Oporto, brother of the late King Carlos of Portugal, is to visit this country in order ] to announce the accession to the throne of his nephew, King Manuel, which event, of course, took place more than a year ago. The Duke is one of the handsomest members of a handsome family, and one of the bravest also, for in a terrible fire in Lisbon some years ago he saved the lives of four women by his personal exertions. He is a soldier by profession, and a splendid linguist. English in his tastes, he is a warm supporter of field sports and a fine horse- man who never misses an opportunity of following the hounds. Like his late brother, he is a wonder- ful shot, and has been known to pierce cards thrown into the air when revolver-shooting at sixty paces.
-0:- KEEPER OF THE JEWELS. The hew Guardian of all the treasures which repose on velvet cushions in glass cases in the Jewel House of the Tower of London is General .Sir Robert Cunliffe Low, G.C.B. Sir Robert is seventy-one years of age, and received his first commission in the Ben- gal Cavalry in 1854. He served through the Mutiny, and among the stirring scenes in which he played his part were the sieges and capture of Delhi and Lucknow. In 1863 he was fighting on the north west fron- tier, and he was also in the Afghan war of 1878-80. In the historic march to Kandahar he was Chief Director of Transport, and he was present at the battle on September 1. Later on he commanded a brigade in the Burmese expedition, and, after being promoted to Major-General he commanded the Chitral relief force. He has been mentioned in despatches many times, and he has a fine collection of medals and decorations.
A JURY COMMITTED. r A most unusual sequel to the gangway accident on the, warship Vanguard at Barrow-in-Furness shipyard was provided at Lancaster Assizes on Saturday. At the in- quest the jury refused to sign the inquisition unless a rider was accepted in regard to the death of Thomas Brown by the collapse of the gangway. The rider expressed the view that there should have been a more searching examination of the gangway, but the coroner decided that this was absolutely contrary to the evidence, and committed them to the assizes for the judge to deal-, with. The twelve jurors appeared before Mr. Justice Walton, and the foreman explained that they thought there was culpable negli- gence against some person. The Judge: But not that degree of negli- gence which constitutes manslaughter. The Foreman: We agreed it was an acci- dent, but in the second part of the verdict we said there had been gross negligence. The judge suggested that the rider should be placed in the margin. It was not essential, but the jury had a right to express their opinion. The jury then agreed to a verdict of "Acci- dental death," with the rider mentioned, and were discharged.
OLDEST FIELD-MARSHAL'S DEATH I We regret to announce the death of Sir Frede- rick Paul Haines, the oldest Field-Marshal in the British Army, which occurred on Friday I night at his chambers in Pall-mall. Death is attributed to senile decay, the deceased officer being in hie ninetieth year. Sir Frederick Haines entered the Army in I 1839. His seventy years of service had been mainly spent in India, where, in 1845, he was appointed as military secretary to Sir Hugh Gough, then Commander-in-Chief in India. He saw service with the 21st Fusiliers at Alma, Balaclava, and Inkerman, and in the siege of Sebastopol. From 1871 to 1875 he was Com- mander-in-Chief of the Madras Army, and from 1875 to 1881 Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army. He became a Field-Marshal in 1890, and since the same year he has been colonel of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. Sir Frederick was a G.C.B., K.C.B., and G.C.S.I.
SUFFRAGETTES AND MR. HARCOURT More suffragette scenes occurred at Helm- shore, near Haslingden, Lanes, on Saturday, when Mr. L. Harcourt, M.P., attended a poli- tical garden party. Immediately on his arrival a bundle of literature was thrown into the car- riage, and when the party was over and Mr. and Mrs. Harcourt were departing one of them dashed in front of the carriage and must have been run over had she not been dragged back at the critical moment by a steward. Instead of showing any appreciation of the services ren- dered she denounced Mr. Harcourt as a coward because he would "run a woman down." At the station a number of the crowd became incensed at the conduct of the women, and there were cries of "Throw them on the rails." The police were about to clear the railway platform when Mr. Harcourt interposed on their be- half.
SHOT DOWN LIKE RABBITS. The rumours of a revolt at Alopo, the other week are confirmed by one, of the foreign consuls there, who has just reached Tarsus, after having travelled through the regions which were the scene of the late massacres. The figures he gives are appall- ing. At Osmanieh ,350 were done to death, in Hamidieh 500, in the fields around Hami- dieh 1500. It was the season of the year when labourers come from the mountain villages for the harvest. Two thousand of ese were shot like rabbits in Hamidieh and its fields alone. Their bodies are still lying, 9 as on a battlefield, just where they were working. At Antioch scarcely a man escaped.
A FAMILY'S, ESCAPE, Seven persons had very narrow escapes at a fire which broke out on Sunday morning in Walworth-road, S.E., at the premises of a watchmaker. The police discovered that the shop, which was a projecting one, was on fire, and getting no sign from the inmates they burst open the side door, and running up the stair- case aroused the sleeping inmates-the watch- maker, his wife, and five children. The con- stables carried three little children into the street, and the father and mother dashed out of the burning building with the other two in their arms.
HOLIDAY GUIDE. Under the title of "Country and Seaside Holidays," the Midland Railway Company have again published their annual guide to the holi- day resorts in England, Scotland, and the North of Ireland, to which access is given by their lines and connections. The principal feature of the book is the usful list of apartments avail- able in seaside and country districts, which is compiled from very reliable sources. A considerable part of the book is devoted to the Isle of Man and the North Coast of Ireland (the Counties of Antrim, Derry, and Donegal). The book is attractively illustrated with half- tone illustrations, and is sold at a penny. An abridged edition, however, may be had free on application to any Midland stationmaster.
At Tottenham, Ernest Cole and James Cole- man, who escaped from the cells at the local police-station, were sentenced to three months' imprisonment on the original charge of loiter- ing, and were fined 5s. and costs, or fourteen days, for the damage they did in breaking out of the cells.
Descended in a direct line from a Prince oi an Glamorgan, Mr. Walter Rice Evans, who was High Sheriff of Glamorganshire in 1908, died at the old family mansion, Englesbush, Neath, aged forty-six. Mr. J. H. Goold, assistant solicitor to the Surrey County Council, was appointed Clerk of the Peace and of the County Council for Essex, in the place of Mr. H. W. Gibson, who is re- signing. Application for relief was made to the Lam- beth Board of Guardians by a widow with three children, and the Guardians agreed to train one of the children as a domestic servant.