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-A VISIT TO THE CHINESE.--."k"--'-'…


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ART AND LITERATURE. ME. ALFRED EAST is one of our most thoughtful and imaginative landscape painters—an artist who thoroughly understands tne importance of selection and observation in art—so that his remarks on land- scape photography, delivered recently at a gathering of the Camera Club, are (says the Globe) well worthy of attention. He drew quite an obvious distinction between the position of the painter and the photo- grapher, explaining that while the one need only go to nature to help him in the completion of an idea already formed, the other has to accept and set down exactly what is presented to him. As a consequence, the photographer is apt to record trivialities and commonplaces that the painter would avoid, or, at all events, modify very considerably. What Mr. East's lecture, however, really amounts to, if it is read between the lines, is a plea for more discrimination and greater knowledge on the part of photographers. The ease with which results of a sort can be got with a camera is demoralising to most operators, for they have not the same inclination to economise labour which leads the painter to avoid the waste of many hours upon an unworthy subject. When the photographer realises that in bis branch of art there is more need than in any other for exact discrimination and minutely careful selection, and will take the trouble assiduously to cultivate his powers of observation, he will be able to produce artistic results worthy of attention. At present he is more occupied in inventing mechanical devices to make his prints look like bad pencil or water-cclour drawings than in studying those essential principles of design which are just as applicable to photography as to pictorial art. MR. JOSEPH HOCKING has wrttten a new serial story, entited "Trevanion," for Casselfs Magazine, which will be commenced in the June part. AN historical and critical account of Vandyck's Pictures at Windsor Castle," by Mr. Ernest Law, illustrated by photographic plates produced by Mr. Franz Hanfstaengl, will be brought out shortly. By her Majesty's gracious permission the pictures were photographed in exceptionally favourable circum- stances, each work being detached from its frame and removed to a temporary studio in the Courtyard of the Castle. There the negatives were taken "with wet plates under long exposures, in full sun- light, by means of a platform turning on a pivot to follow the sun. For the compila- tion of the text the treasures of the Queen's Library at Windsor Castle, the archives of the Lord Chamberlain's Office, and the immense accumu- lations of the late Sir George Scharf's sketches and annotations on portraiture in the National Portrait Gallery, have been placed at the disposal of the author; from which sources, as well as from researches in the Record Office, the Print Room and Library of the British Museum, the House of Lords, the Bodleian, and other places, much new informa- tion has been gleaned, many curious facts discovered, and light thrown on many obscure points in the origin, history, and pedigree of these splendid works of art. Further, every picture has been subjected to a careful scrutiny, which has led to the discovery of many signatures of the artists, dates, and inscrip- tions hitherto unknown." THE first attempt at collecting in one volume the several statutes relating to the tenure of land in Ire- land from the memorable Act of 1860 to the latest of 1896 has just issued from the Dublin University Press. Mr. Richard I. Kelly, barrister-at-law, the author of this work on the agrarian code, is the author of the Law of Newspaper Libel," and of the Registration of Title (Ireland) Act and the Adultera- tion Acts. His present work is the most complete and comprehensive yet published on the subject of the Irish Land Laws, embracing a vast reach of matter in the way of laws, and the decisions upon those laws. It comprises 1370 pages, and reprints 21 Acts of Par- liament dealing with Irish land occupancy and pur- chase. Its index consists of 130 pages, in itself alone no small measure of an elaborate and exhaustive industry in investigation. A HISTORY OF LANDGUARD FORT IN SUFPOLK" has been prepared by Major J. H. Leslie, late of the Royal Artillery. The book, in addition to the story of the fort itself, will include biographical notices of all the Governors and Lieutenant-Governors from 1628 to the middle of the present century. Maps, portraits, and other illustrations will appear in the work, of which only 400 copies will be printed. Few of our coast defences are richer in associations with history and art than the old fort which stands on the extreme south-western point of Suffolk, opposite Harwich, and commands the estuary of the Orwell and Stour rivers, which unite just before they reach the German Ocean. The references to it in old newspapers and accounts of military pre- parations are numerous, and pictures of it by dis- tinguished painters are not uncommon. Landguard Fort was once a powerful stronghold, and, though no longer regarded as a position of the first impor- tance to our national security, it is still far from being left to the fate that has long since overtaken the'neighbouring fortification at Olacton, where the ancient guns lie half buried in the ground, and the curious visitor sits on the ruined battlements to muse over the changed conditions of warfare. One of the principals events recalled in the records of Landguard is the attack on it by the Dutch in 1667, when the enemy, who had landed in strong force at Felixstowe, were decisively beaten. MESSRS. CASSELL AND COMPANY are preparing a six- penny illustrated edition of Mr. Stevenson's well- known work Treasure Island," which will be issued duriner the month of June. MR. W. A. PICKERING, C.M.G., has written an account of his experiences when Pioneering in Formosa," and his volume so entitled will be pub- lished soon with 25 illustrations, some of their from' sketches by the author. In his preface Mr. Pickering discusses the present position of Great Britain in relation to the Chinese. A FURTHER development of the controversy con- cerning M. Rodin's statue of Balzac is to be noted. A subscription is being raised by ceitain admirers of' the artist's work, so that this remarkable example of his powers may be acquired and preserved as a national possession. The collector who bought the statue when the Society of Men pfLetters refused to accept it, is understood to be willing to sell it for the same sum that he has paid for if, if the committee of M. Rodin's admirers can secure proper con- sideration for it as a work of -art,. A BOOK devoted to the distinctly burning ques- tion of" Cuba, Past and Present," written by Mr. Richard Davey, will shortly be issued. MR. LIONEL TOLLEMACHE has kept records of a number of interesting conversations he was privi- leged to hold with Mr. Gladstone during recent years. The conversations took place for the most part at Biarritz between 1891 and 1896, and ranged over a variety of intellectual, religious, and political questions, on which Mr. Gladstone s opinions wore freely expressed. Mr. Tollemache has now put these conversations together in a small volume, which will be entitled Talks with Mr. Gladstone." FOR 60 years Mr. Gladstone was a const. nt habitue of the British Museum, visiting usually the library or the print department. For more than 30 years Mr. Gladstone was a trustee of the museum, where he did much good work in that capacity. When he was either First Lord of the Treasury o. Chancellor of the Exchequer, he ranked among the official trustees, who are the paramount authority at the museum, and by them are the elected trustees chosen. During many years, when Mr. Gladstone was not a member of the Ministry, he nevertheless still belonged to the governing body of the museum, as he was chosen to be an elected trustee in 1856, on the recommendation of Lord Palmerston. In 1881 Mr. Gladstone, being then an official trustee, re- signed his position as an elected trustee (which is a life post) in order that his friend the late Dr. Liddell, Dean of Christ Church, might fill his place. MR. BRET HARTE will contribute to Cassell's Maga- zine for June a complete story, entitled Salomy Jane's Kiss," and the same issue will contain the first of a new series of stories by Mr. E. W. Hornung. UNDER the editorship of Sir Wemyss Reid, a re,, and original Life of Mr. Gladstone has been for some time past in preparation, and will be issued by Messrs. Cassell and Company in 12 parts, the first of which is to appear on June 8. The contributors will include Mr. F. W. Hirst, B.A., the Rev. Canon Maccoll, Mr. Arthur J. Butler, Mr. A. F. Robbins, and other writers having special knowledge of the subject, and the work will contain many letters and documents never hitherto published. A large number of authentic -Ilujitrationo, specially prepared, will appear in the work.

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