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; GREATER BRITAIN. .:.,..'".


GREATER BRITAIN. ( Two of the Jubilee peers are (the Echo reminds us) prominently connected with the co-lonies. Tiw Earl Of Glasgow, -who is promoted from a subordinate Scottish peerage to one that entitles him to a r-eat in the House ot Lords in his own right, has just re- turned after several years' service in New Zealand as Governor. He was not altogether at home in that go-ahead colony, the pace being at times a little too rapid to suit his Conservative tastes. In particular he was annoyed at the innovation of making working- men members of the Upper House, and he came into sharp collision with the'Premier, Mr. Seddon, in this connection. But an open rupture was averted, largely, it is believed, through the moderating itlnuence and counsels of Mr. Chamberlain, to whom both Premier and Viceroy submitted their respective views in exhaustive minutes. SIR DONALD SMITH, on whom a peerage has been Conferred, is the High Commissioner for Canada at W, oitiiiinster. Born in Morayshire in 1821, he en- tered "the service of the Hudson Bay Company while still in his teens, and, as one of its most active and energetic officers, saw a great deal of the wild life of the western regions of America amongst the Indians and the trappers in the days long anterior to the ad- vent of the iron horse. He was one of the principal promoters of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which now runs from Hahfaxon the Atlantic to Vancouver on the Pacific, traversing' and opening up the im- mense territories in which Sir Donald as a young man traded with the solitary trappers and the scattered bands of Indians. For his services in this respect he secured the honour of knighthood. His enterprise and forethought have brought him im- mense wealth, which he has turned to good account i by Encouraging and endowing literature, art, and science. T." surprise of the Jubilee list was (as the Echo observes) the appearance of the name of the Hon. Wilfred Laurier, the present Liberal Premier of federated Canada, amongst the new Knights Grand Cross of St. Michael and St. George. He declined the honour at the beginning of the year, and it was thought then that he-intended- ta adhere to the tradi- tion established by all his predecessors in the Leader- ship of the Canadian Liberals. They had successively declined to be knighted, and their action in this respect has come to be regarded in the light of a political article of faith by a considerable section of i the Canadian Liberal party. Mr. Laurier's surrender of the tradition will probably arouse some local con- troversy, especially amongst the old guard of Cana- dian Liberals, but his lapse is pretty sure to be condoned in view of the exceptional circumstances and the strong probability that his acceptance was due to a personal request from the Queen, which could not possibly be denied on such an auspicious occasion. ANOTHER new Canadian knight is Sir Sandford Fleming. His name is familiar as the indefatigable promoter of a cable across the Pacific between Canada and Australia. He has been educating public opinion on this subject both in England and the colonies for more than twenty years; and if the project is now beginning to take concrete shape, the result is largely due to his untiring and energetic advocacy. A third new Canadian knight is Colonel Kirkpatrick, who is of Irish parentage, and has filled many responsible offices in the Dominion, including; the Speakership of the House of Commons. He is I now Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Ontario. He is entitled to place the letters Q.C. aad: LL.D. after his name. Twenty years ago he was in oomm and of the Canadian rifle team that competed st.Wimbledon. AUSTRALIA'S most eminent surgeon, Mir. T. N.. Fitzgerald, was in the list of knights. He has resided in Melbourne for many years, but his name and fame are as familiar in London medical circles as in' those of Greater Britain. His extensive establish- ment and private hospital on the summit of the western hill of Melbourne have long constituted one of the leading landmarks of the city. Admiralt Bowden-Smitb, who recently retired from the com- mand of the Australian fleet, is also knighted. So it the Hon. Horace Tozer, Colonial Secretary of Queensland, and now Acting Premier of the colony. He is a solicitor by profession, and as the Minis* terial head of the Police and Defence Department, it became his unpleasant duty six years ago to placed two thousand men in the field to suppress the riotings and burnings that accompanied the great strike of-sheep-shearers in Queensland. THE Ballarat Goldfield in Victoria is rejoicing inf the knighthood conferred on one of its oldest and' esteemed citizens, the Hon. Henry Cuthbert. Ere, tooi is a solicitor, having been admitted in Ireland as fat back as 1854. In the following year he emigrated and settled in Ballarat, which was then only a rough mining camp, not the well-ordered and picturesque city that we see to-day. He has sat in the Victorian Upper House for well-nigh a quarter of a century, and has held office in various Ministries. He is re4 puted to be a very wealthy man, as a consequence of a series of lucky mining speculations. THII importance of the frozen meat industry, which has developed into such an enormous trade betwen the Australian colonies and the old land has been appropriately recognised in the knighthood con- ferred upon Mr. Edward Montagu Nelson, who is the acknowledged head of the business in London. Hit extensive Thameside stores are a familar objects to river passengers and walkers along the Embankment. The magnitude that the importation of frozen meat from Australia and Now Zealand hafi lately assumed is 'shown by the fact that the company has two re- frigerating stores in London with a capacity for 250,000 carcases, in addition to branches at Man- chester, Birmingham, Liverpool, Sheffield, and various other provincial centres. And yet the in- dustry is only in its infancy TUB women in New Zealand are forging ahead. Miss Ethel Rebecca Benjamin, LL.B., having passed ber final examination about sii months ago, has been admitted by Mr. Justice Williams as a barrister and tolicifor of the Supreme Court there. The two branches of the legal profession are there amalga* mated. Miss Benjamin, according to the Jewish Chronicle, has the distinction of being the first lady admitted to practise in the colonial courts. She is a daughter of Mr. Henry Benjamin, of Dunedin, and is a young lady of about 25 years of age, and the eldest of a family of 11 or 12 children. ThVough her own ability and perseverance-for the family are not wealthy-she has attained the unique position she now holds. AUSTRALIA, which has led in many socialistic ex- periments made by the State, is now considering the question of, State physic. The president of sthe Queensland". Medical Association proposes that the country be divided, into medical districts, under doctoro.pki'd by the State t look after all the inhabi- tants, andj that the money for the purpose be faised by a poll-tax of Bp. 4d. a year. Thip would enable the State, to pay £ 300 for the lowest medical salaries. ANew South Wales labour league has declared that the practice of mcdicine should be a national service." THBEB miners at-Nuggetty Gully, Maryborough, Victoria, Australia, ^ad a good End the other day. They were working in a 40ft. shaft when they came across a nugget of gold weighing 115oz. It was covered with cement and dirt, and would have been thrown aside if its weight had not attracted atten- tion. NEW Sotf-ni WALES,.has spent 2,500,OOO for har- bours in 40 years, exclusive of the cost of the port of Sydney, and will spend £ 300,000 for the same pur- nose this year.

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