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LITERARY EXTRACTS. -

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LITERARY EXTRACTS. CHARTERED COMPANIES. — Civilisation is only another name for gold lust and illegitimate conquest pad oppression. This is an argument that would have left all the fairest regions of earth to the greatest savages. Earth was full of f- dark jflacee*" which have gradually become more endurable to her people because the strtmger has gone ïøaccording to the divine ordering of these things snd brought the light of knowledge. Will it be con- tended for one moment, save by the criminally ignorant and wilful, that the horrors monthly and yearly perpetrated by negro tribes in their wars and sacrifices and massacres are not 10 times more dread- ful than anything done, for instance, of late in the feuds between Turks and Armenians ? The men who desire to stop the orgies of cruelty in Asia Minor cannot be deaf to the miseries of the slave gang and human sacrifices of Africa. If y0u throw into the scale against African organisation in the lustof gold, and all the swindling and petty gCandal trumped up against British and European jnanagement in Africa,you will ever find that tlisse fcick the beam when weighed against the abomina- tion that the abominable "go as you please" policy of "no responsibility" would 0' condemn you to help by your inaction! You may sneer at the missionary who usually begins these advances into the savagery of ages. You may harp Opon your neighbour getting more money than you think he should have in comparison with yourself, when he is forcing his way in to trade with the Astives. You may dislike the work under whatever name you give it, of "filibustering, land grabbing," or what not, but you must make up your mind to go along with the work and make the best of it, for it is ordered by a stronger will than one occupied with the petty scandals and jealousies and cowardice of the press paragraphist. The weightier matters of the Jaw ot nature are obeyed in the long run, despit t he gnarls of the lazy reviiers of those who act. The juiseries of the savage have been none the less because there has been no special correspondent to describe theiti. We know now by the help of our soldiers and explorers what they were and are, wherever the hand of the European is not strong enough to prevent the Arabs or black tyrants making hell upon earth. ■Jo those who do not care whether cruelties are alle- viated orwhether they continue, the fact of the use to the State of such a mode of inquiry into value will appeal. By encouraging a company to spend its money, the State not only gets some control over the adven- ture, but is able soon to judge if the work be worth. continuing. If the results are good, they can be praot'cally made the property of the State, or of tho gtates colony. If the value be little, the company can be left to it own devices, and its work be ignored. he chartering of one of the reforming influences has given us an opportunity of seeing that when a wrong fias been done to a neighbouring white man's state, it can be repaired by the fact that a charter existed and a mode of supervision provided. This is not the time, when an inquiry is being held, to speak of any alleged fault. Mistakes will occur in the best re- gulated family." That fact gives no cause to con- demn the institution of the family !—The Marquis 4f Lome in the Xinelecnth Cfiitur: AFRICAN MISSIONARIES.—In A Nature/list in JIid. Africa Mr. G. F. Scott Elliott, M.A., thus writes of the African missionaries I have known missionaries of every denomination, and of every shade of character and utility. Many would probably be of more use in teaching Sunday-schools in England, and some arc go dangerous and turbulent that they ought to be Eromptly removed. On the other hand, I should not be alive were it not for the kindness of missionaries and of thl;1 good that is done by those who are of the right temper and Sirit it is impossible to speak too highly. ie Roman Catholics, were it not for their disin- genuous political methods, always perform a valuable work. They have no interests outside it; they under- stand that manual, mental, and spiritual training go together; they have perfectorganisation and discipline; and, what is more important, they really love their flock, and strive to be their real friends in every possible way. On the other hand, the best type of Protestant missionary is incal- culaby superior, because a really good man has free play for his individuality; while the inferior type is utterly useless, if not positively dangerous. The ordinary mission boy (as a layman understands him) is an unmitigated scoundrel. This, tipvfaver, ()nO must expect, as no mission gets rid of any boy that affords the least promise. Moreover one must not expect so much from the Christiaf native in Africa as people habitually do. A boy wh<i is usually not removed by a single generation from savagery cannot be expected to show the truthfulness honesty, unselfishness, and purity which, as we know-, always invariably characterise European youths wh<i have been brought up in Christian teaching, an represent in their instincts about 20 centuries of hereditary civilisation. No liumanbeipg can estimate Or criticise the spiritual work that is carried on in an mission. The mental and manual work issoobviou 'I good that no sane person can have anything but praise to give. THEATRICAL STORIES.—Professor Anderson, th Wizard of the North, used to give one of his audience a rifle, some powder, and a marked bullet. Thq marksman was then requested to load and prepare t lite. Thereupon the Professor walked to the end oi the stage and invited the rifleman to shoot him Then, after the marksman had fired, he used to produce the marked bullet, insisting that he hacj caught it on a plate. On one occasion a friend of mine, who was an admirable amateur conjurer, offered himself as an assistant. He took the gun and the ammunition, and duly loaded. It was the custom of the Professor to give the bullet a final tap with hia wand to see 'hat it was rammed down properly, and this final tap, I have been told, extracted the bullet This my friend knew, and when the Professor offered his assistance it was politely declined. Anderson dia not insist, but coolly walked to the end of the stage, and called out, Now, sir, take a good aim at me, ana fire My friend hesitated, as he was well aware that the gun he was holding was really loaded! "Fire, sir, fire!" cried the Professor. My frienq lowered the weapon, and, saying he could not let it off, returned it to Anderson, who immediately, unde pretence of seeing whether it had been properl loaded, extracted the bullet. Then he gave the gun to someone else. But before the rifle was fired, he thus addressed the audience Ladies and gentler men, the person who has just resumed his seat knew my trick, and foiled it. If he had fired, this, pro- bably, would have been my last appearance before you But he hadn't sufficient nerve to shoot me." When it dawned upon the house that Anderson had risked his life rather than confess himself beaten, the applause was deafening. In my comedy of "L. S. D." at the London Royalty, Mr. Garthorne, who played a leading part, had to appear at a ball in the second act to read an important letter. At rehearsal the words of this letter had been omitted, as it was understood they would be written out." I was standing at the wings, when, to my horror, Mr. Garthorne said to me in an agonised undertone, as the scene was proceeding. I haven't got my letter." I hunted for and found the epistle, but then who was there to convey it to the actor ? I could see no one. There was no time to lose, so I took the bull by the horns, and carried on the letter myself. Mr. Garthorne, who was for a moment alone on the stage, was extremely surprised to see me. I grasped him by the hand, and giving him the letter, •aid: My dear fellow, forgive the liberty of an old friend You dropped this out of your pocket. And now, pardon my departure—my bride awaits me and I hurried off. I admit that my solitary and momentary appearance from an artistic point ot view, w&s indefensible, as I created A T lnterest (never to be satisfied) as who I was and what on earth I and my bride bad to do with the plot; but I fancy I saved the comedy.-Grcen Room llecollcctions by Arthur W. a Beckett. THE passion for notoriety at all costs, which nowa- days afllicts the most completely insignificant people, compels them to seek the recognition they are other- wise incapable of securing through the medium of pro- miscuous and well-advertised entertainment. Reck- less of the essential difference between themselves and persons of distinction, whose lives are legitimate public interest, they endeavour to force themselves into prominence by converting their dwellings into public show-rooms, and inviting all and sundry to 3ome in, that the house may be full, and it pro- prietors "artistic rooms" and delightful old-world garden may procure him the notice which he could hope in no other way to achieve- World. NEARLY the whole of the City of Yemen, Texas, has been buried by sand-storms. The sand was swept in from the desert, and literally covered up the DrosDerous city. 1

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