na CfljR LONDON CORRESPONDENT. Among the greater institutions of the capital whiph are preparing for a busy winter season is the Imperial Institute at South Kensington, and, if it does not flourish, it will certainly not be due to any lack of zeal on the part of its officials. The Fellows, among whom ladies are included, have no reason to complain of the varied fare which is intended to be put before them. On the evening of Wednesday, Novem- ber 7, the season will be inaugurated by a ladies' concert, when the programme will include selections by a small amateur orchestra; and on the next afternoon Mr. C. P. Ilbert will read a paper, entitled A Comparative Record of British and American Legislation," before a gathering of Fellows, over which the Lord Chancellor, as chairman of the Engineering z, Body of the Institute, will preside. There follow, before Christmas, house dinners,'evening illustrated lectures, smoking concerts, ladies' concerts, and afternoon papers; and it is evident that the musical side of the programme will be specially cared for, seeing that already there have been formed an Imperial Institute choir and an Imperial Institute orchestra. On the Music Committee sit such distinguished autho- rities as Mr. Frederic Cowen, Sir George Grove, Dr. Mackenzie, Sir Walter Parratt, and Sir John Stainer, while Sir Richard Webster, the late Attorney-General, may be taken to repre- sent amateur vocalism, and Sir Frederic Leigh- ton, the President of the Royal Academy, stands well for the sister art of painting. There has been held in London this week a conference of school managers upon a subject that has not always received the attention it deserves. The authorities of Toynbee Hall-a u University Settlement which is doing much work in the East-end—have organised an ex- hibition of pictures suitable for hanging on school walls, and this collection has been sub- mitted to the judgment of a conference of managers. It included pictures lent by the Manchester Art Museum, the Fitzroy Picture Society, the Art for Schools Associa- tion, Messrs. Cassell and Company, and the Religious Tract Society and it may, therefore, be considered as fairly representative. Our grandfathers would probably have rubbed their eyes if they had been asked to consider the idea of supplying pictures to elementary schools— the elementary schools themselves, indeed, were scarcely supplied in their day. But it is now recognisod that there is a distinct value in decorating the walls of schoolrooms rather than leaving them in their pristine state of bare whitewashed ugliness. It is further recog- nised that a love for the beautiful can best be cultivated by accustoming the eyes of children to that which is good instead of that which is garish; and it may be taken as certain that, when they have once become accustomed, they I will never so far waste their money as to purchase I some of the hideous efforts which now are ofton sold, and which strike upon the artistic eye with all the force of a blow. One of the troubles with which our volunteer force is constantly burdened is the deficiency in the number of officers, and great efforts are continually being put forth to bring up the total of combatant officers to the proper establishment. The volunteer year has not yet quite ended, but returns made up to tho beginning of last month give an idea of the true state of things, and these show that there is still a very serious deficiency all over tho kingdom in the groat majority of corps. Some, it is true, show an excess over their comple- ment, but naturally this does not in any way help those regiments which have not enough and, although matters are somewhat better in the artillery than they are in the infantry, this is not saying as much as one would like to state. Yli There are various reasons, of course, and some of them very palpable, for this deficiency. It is no light matter in point of expense for an other- wise eligible person to become a volunteer officer, while in these days there can be no ques- tion of hurrying through the curriculum, and thus scamping his work. The examinations are stiff and the work is constant; and, unless some greater encouragement is given by the War Office than is now forthcoming, it may be taken that the present deficiency is not likely soon, if ever, to be seriously lessened. The death of Lord Grey has served as a reminder that he received the Order of tho Garter during the Premiership of Lord Palmer- ston over thirty years ago, while three other peers-Lord Fitzwil liam, Lord Spencer, and Lord Cowper-also had the distinction from that Prime Minister, Lord Fitzwilliam, indeed, being tho senior knight not of royal blood. The senior knight of all is the Duke of Cambridge, he having been invested by William IV. close upon sixty years since, when he was only sixteen; and he is also the senior Knight of St. Patrick, having been invested in 18ol. Lord Mansfield, however, is the senior Knight of the Thistle, he having re- ceived his green riband from Sir Robert Peel; and this venerable peer has the further dis- tinction of being one of the last six remaining members of the House of Commons as it was constituted before the Reform Act of 1832. The senior Grand Cross of the Bath is the Grand I Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who dates from 1847, while the next are the Duke of Cambridgo and Marshal Canrobert, who were given tho distinction at the time of the Crimean War. Considerable interest has attached not only among engineers but the travelling public to tho cable system of working the tram-cars which ply between Kennington and Streatham-hill. The license of the Board of Trade was origi- nally granted for only twelve months, in order that it might be thoroughly tested in actual use and as it is the longest wire cable in the world, and it was difficult in advance to calcu- late the precise stiain that would be thrown upon it, the precaution was obviously desirable. But it has lived through its probationary period with success, and its license has been renewed after full official inquiry. The only folks who now seem to have the slightest objection to it are such bicyclists as use the old type of machine as employed before the introduction of pneumatic tyres. They complain that their wheels are apt to catch in the narrow slot through which the car communicates with the cable but this is not a serious matter, espe- cially now that they are used to it. What may without exaggeration be called I the usual grumbling is to be heard in the City I just now among some of those who participated in the British Section at the Antwerp Exhi- bition, concerning the manner in which the awards were made. No worse system of appointing juries was ever devised, it is roundly declared by certain of them, but one seems to remember that of the Chicago « Exposition" last year even worse things were said. The fact, of course, is that unsuccessful competitors, whether at cat shows or international exhi- bitions, seldom are satisfied with the judging, and Antwerp has to take its turn with the rest. There were various disappointments in connection with it, as was almost 1 inevitable but the chief mistake seems to have been to hold it only half-a-dozen years after the similar show at Brussels. Bel- gium, as a country, is not large enough to have two international exhibitions within its borders in six years; it may be doubted whether any country is; and France sets a good example to Belgium in allowing an interval of eleven. One thousand nine hundred is fixed for the next in Paris; and already the boulevardiers are wondering whether the German Emperor will come, and discussing how to receive him if he does-which seems a very superfluity of caution. Manchester having now got its water from Thirlmere, like Liverpool from the Vyrnwy, Londoners are once more asking J.w lone it will be be Tore they will have to go to the moun- tains for their supply. The Royal Commission which reported on the subject not long ago declared that we could still get enough from the Thames and the Lea; but there is an obvious limit to the capacity of those streams, and those who dwell upon their banks below the intakes of the great companies aro apt to bitterly complain that so much of the water is being taken for the uses of London that sometimes there is scarcely sufficient left | to flush the river-bed. It is, obvious, indeed, that the capital will at some time have to face the problem of going far afield for water; and Birmingham having obtained powers nearly three years ago to travel to Wales for her supply, it looks as if London also will have to i "peg out claims for futurity" in the same district. The recent alarms at Leicester show | the danger of relying upon a supply which ia not always and absolutely adequate. R.
« WITH YOUR NAME ON MY LIPS." The suicide of Marino Mancinelli, the celebrated Italian orchestra leader, has sent a thrill through the musical world. He had met with most disastrous fortune in his tour through South America, and, in despair, he shot himself at St. Paul. In the com- pany was Signora Gabbi, whose fortune he had used to meet the demands of the company. One of the letters he "left ran thus: It is better to die than survive the ehamo of an enormous and irreparable disaster. I have not robbed anyone. Pardon me if you can. Do not inculpate Signora Gabbi. She is the most unhappy and most sacrificed. I confide her to the protection of my friends. Help her. I press all your hands. Addio. —MARINO." Another was addressed to Signora Gabbi: A ferocious curse has fallen on all my acts. Another minute of life would be an irreparable dis- aster. I kill myself. I know that you cannot pardon me nor ought you. I die desperate, with your name on my lips. Addio.—MARINO."
—MB SOME WHIMSICAL THOUGHTS. Marriage is a means of uniting two loving souls or two adjoining estates. There are several ways of get- ting iinrried, but the principal methods are marriage by special license and by banns. A special license enables you to marry where you please, and is chiefly valuable when one has no clothes fit to go to church in. Marriage by banns lasts for three weeks, during which time the clergyman docs his best to collect evidence that you are a biga- mist and have lately been in gaol for wife-beating. It is very discouraging to hear him telling a whole congregation to look up any little matters against you or your fellow victim. I may, however, tell those deiLr creatures who want the man themselves that the fact of a girl having false teeth is not recognised as a bar to matrimony. Still, the information may be conveyed to her lover in a friendly way. Marriages are of two kinds—marriages for love, and marriages for money. People who have no money are some- times married for love. Usually they are not married at all. People who have money marry for love. and in'this case there is probably a combina- tion of both systems. There is a proverb going the rounds :i!out marrying in haste and repenting at leisure." but as a matter of fact the repentance is often a deal more hurried than the marriage. It is considered infra dig in this country to hare more than one wife at a time, and that is the cause of many dis- tressing breach of promise actions. A man I knew (writes the lady correspondent of a contemporary) who wished to make two sonls happy was treated with great harshness. He married one woman for love and the other for money, and as one would not, give her love without money, and the other her money without love, he was rather embarrassed. The matter was eventually submitted to a judge for arbi- tration, and the award included free lodgings for my fr end. But there is a delicious sense of freedom after that sort of thing, even in Millbank. It is the fashion nowadays to scoff at matrimony, but I notice that pris are ready to accept any man who offers; and if the're was no marriage, many a man '•jho is now living in ease and comfort on his wife's fatner would have to toil hard for his daily bread.
WOES OF A PROOF-READER. The duties of a proof-reader are tolerably well known to the general public. They consist of the careful scrutiny of whatever is to appear in a paper, in search of wrongly-spelt words, ungrammatical sentences, mistakes in punctuation, the verification of alleged facts, and various other details of a like kind. Said a man who has for the last 10 years been a proof-reader in a large printing firm: I cannot read a newspaper or book with any degree of comfort now. I have done so much proof-rertding in my time that, though I may be reading merely for pleasure, I find myself searching for omitted commas or semicolons to the neglect ,.1 the sense of the paragraph. You would be surprised could you fully understand the extent of this habit. It only needs a punctuation mark to be omitted, a letter to be dropped or wrongly transposed, or even an s' to be inverted-one of the most diffi- cult mistakes to detect-to set me fumbling for a pencil in order that I may mark the mistake in the margin. I should think there is hardly any profes- sion'which influences one's actions outside business hours in a +nore marked manner than oure. Cass ell's Saturday Journal.
AFTER THIRTY YEARS. "Trne love never dies is an old proverb that love- lorn youths and maidens often solace themselves with.' It apparently has some truth in it. Here is a case in point. In the neighbourhood of Zwickau, in Germany, two persons turned GO have just entered the bonds of matrimony. In their youthful days thev were engaged to be married, bu were separated. The now newly-married young man, in the year 1S63 accidentally killed a gendarme. For this he received a sentence of 30 years'deprivation of liberty, which has just expired. He thereupon sought the whereabouts of his early love, and found her. She 8 had waited patiently for his return, had remained true to him, and they are now man and wife.
A KING OF PICKPOCKETS. An Answers' writer was recently engaged making some inquiries among the pocket-picking fraternity, and came across some very curious details and facts of an interesting character. A most expert—if not the most expert—pickpocket at present at liberty and in London is a man whom anyone might meet to-morrow in a railway carriage, omnibus, or tramcar without being any the wiser. For many years this man was at the head of a gang who were known to the police as the "Brum Boys," whose "work" in London entirely baffled the police and the detective department for some years. Well dressed, many of them in the spotless top hat and frock-coat, they attended not only race meetings and the laying of foundation stones, but made them- selves conversant with tho Court fixtures and the movements of Royalty. Each day, at a rendezvous in the West-end previously arranged, the gang would attend, and the head would tell so many off to this place and so many to another. Whilst the more expert, were at work in the crowd or crush, others would be watching the police, whilst others acted as messengers to convey to the" workers" any move made by the detectives.
THE Kaiser is allowed a salary of over 1:600,000 a year. TUB income-tax has been changed 18 times since 1842, varying from 2d. in the £ to 16d. LARCE quantities of beer have been recently smuggled into Alaska concealed in barrels of sugar. ONE hundred Topeka (Kansas) women have signed a pledge committing them to wear Turkish trousers. CLASSES for instruction in naval architecture are now being held at many important ship-building centres in the United Kingdom, including Glasgow, Durham, Blackwall, and the Science and Art Department, South Kensington, while other classes are in course of formation at Liverpool. A FOREIGNER cannot easily obtain a patent in Japan, but grants are made unreservedly to natives and native agents for periods of five, 10, or 15 years. MOROCCO is in want of a progressive party. The Moorish authorities at Dar-al-Baida oppose by every means in their power any attempt at building or repairing houses inside or outside the town. Build- ing requisites, such as sand, stone, and lime, which can be freely purchased outside the town gates, are prohibited from being brought by their purchaser into the town.
NEWS NOTES. "THB living wage" is a phrase to which different people apply different meanings. But thereanent and concerning the hours of labour Mr. Leonard Courtney has been delivering him- self with some perspicacity at Torpoint. He expressed the opinion that any attempt at fixing a universal diminution of the hours of labour would be out of the question. There was too extreme a diversity of the conditions under which men worked in the different trades and localities. In tho case of shop hours, a large reduction has taken place mechanically without the interference of law, and the movement was general that was the principle which must be recog- nised in dealing with the limitation of the hours of labour, and then when, by practical experiment and generally-expressed wish, a maximum number of hours had been aimed at, be it eight hours per day or not, then was the time for the law to step in, and by some species of local option legalise and support that which practically amounted to law. The question of fixing a minimum wage was, he held, an im- possible one. It could only be fixed by the moral restraint of the people who declined to work at a price which did not repay them for their toil. These are the opinions of a man who has thought a good deal about social matters. Those who are at issue with Mr. Courtney have, however, it must be remem- bered, an equal right to a hearing. THERE is a great deal of talk just now about Delagoa Bay, and the Portuguese, who, like all small and poor Powers, are very touchy, have naturally declined offers of assistance from both President Kruger and Mr. Rhodes. But it is not true to say that a concession for the harbour has passed into the hands of a firm of Transvaal agents here. Such a concession from the Portuguese Government has been secured, but it requires confirma- tion by the Cortes, which, in the pre- sent temper of the people at Lisbon, it is not likely to receive. There remains the further question whether, if ratified, such a concession would not be in violation of the Anglo-Portu- guese treaty, by which Portugal, before parting with any of her South African possessions, bound herself to give England the right of pre-emption. The decision of the Berne arbi- trators as to the Delagoa Bay railway will not be given until next spring. This is a matter which requires statesmanly watching. THE 22nd of October is marked in the City of London Calendar as the date upon which the ancient ceremony of breaking faggots takes place at the Law Courts. It is an old ceremony by which a quit rent is paid for certain lands in Shropshire held from the Crown. The record of the practice dates back to 1245, and Mr. Hankins, chief clerk to the Queen's Re- membrancer, has traced it to Doomsday Book. The story goes that a King of England while hunting was attacked by a boar, and, his knife slipping from his hand, he was left at the mercy of the beast. A peasant came to the rescue and gave the King a knife, with which he slew tho boar. In grati- tude for the service the King said that from that day the peasant should pay the rental of this holding by presenting each year a good knife and a bad one, and cutting a faggot with each. The land, it is supposed, now belongs to the tenant, as the rental has not been demanded from him for some 200 years. Nevertheless, the City of London solicitor yearly performs the service of cutting the faggot. It is a queer survival of the frequent jocular tenure of feudal times. HERE is a sad thing. Schossli, in the pro- vince of Vilna, has been the scene of a terrible crime. A landed proprietor, his wife, three men servants, and two female servants were found in pools of blood. A few thousand roubles, which were only delivered the previous evening by a person who has since disappeared, were missing. The daughter of the house, who was visiting friends at Vilna, thus escaped a horrible death. One of the servants, a girl of 18, after removal to the hospital, had sufficiently recovered in a few days to give an account of what had taken place. She alleged that the assassins were six young men residing in the neighbourhood, the aid est of whom is not yet 20. It is to be hoped that the perpetrators will have their due. THERE is something in showing the value of a public boon in plain and comparative figures. Here is the latest from Yankeeland: "Labour rises in the morning under the new Democratic tariff with a reduction of taxes on his flannel shirt at 7 per cent., his trousers 75^ per cent., and his coat 74| per cent. He washes his face 4 and hands in a bucket reduced 28-1 per cent., 2 and dries them with a cotton towel reduced 35 per cent. He puts some coal, re- duced 46-1 per cent. in a stove reduced 33 1-3 per cent., eats his breakfast from a plate reduced 45J per cent, with a knife and fork re- duced 53 per cent., and seasons his food with free salt. Then he smokes his clay pipe, reduced 80 per cent., and reads that, under tariff reform, lumber, binding twine, grain, bags, cotton ties, cotton bagging, copper, salt, wool, and agricultural implements are free. Lastly, he draws on his overcoat, reduced 75 per cent., puts on his hat, reduced 71 3-10 per cent., and goes to his work his happiness increased 100 per cent. by tariff reform." Surely that is something for the American. He is getting the freedom he sings so loudly of quite cheaply now. IT is sometimes a disadvantage to be known to the police, but here is an instance it was equally disadvantageous for a police official to be known. A Paris Commissary of Police lost a book of passes with which, in virtue of his office, he is enabled to ride in omnibuses free. Information was sent by him to the omnibus company, who forwarded a description of the missing tickets to all their conductors. A few days afterwards the missing tickets turned up again, but the Commissary omitted to inform the company of the fact. The con- sequence was that the first time he rode in an omnibus and tendered one of the passes he was promptly seized by the conductor and handed over to the custody of a policeman, who happened to be a new man. To his protest that he was a Commissary of Police and that the passes were really his, the only reply that was vouchsafed to him was, Ah, I daresay you are but we have heard that story before." At the station-house, whither lie was conducted, he was recognised by the officials and at once re- leased, but not before some of his colleagues in the force had had a good laugh at him. THE Orient Royal Mail steamer from Sydney brings, we hear, the first experimental consign- ment of frozen rabbits from Victoria for tho English market. She has also a large consign- ment of Australian butter, which, from the pre- cautions taken to keep it in a uniform tempera- ture during the voyage and from the satisfac- tion which thQ butter has given to the pas- sengers at table on the way home, is expected to reach the English consumers in a satisfactory condition.
TIIB Italian ironclad Dandolo is to be sent to the Naples Arsenal for repairs that will last three years. They ought to be able to build a vessel in that time, surely IT was the new Bulgarian Minister, M. Welitchkow, who took part in the capture and overthrow of Prince Alexander of Battenburg, and did all in his power to have a Russian Grand Duke placed on the Throne of Bulgaria. Has not Prince Ferdinand t.ilcen a sernent, to his bosom ?
DEATH OF A BALACLAVA MAN. Anthony Wilde, who was one of the few survivors of the charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava, died at Bristol on Monday, aged 63. As one of the Six Hundred," he took part in the Lifeboat Saturday Demonstration a month ago, and caught cold, and never recovered. Lord Hylton is now believed to be Hundred," he took part in the Lifeboat Saturday Demonstration a month ago, and caught cold, and never recovered. Lord Hylton is now believed to be the only survivor in this neighbourhood of the Light Brigade which charged the Russian guns. Wilde had arranged to take part in commemorating the anniver- sary of the charge this month, and would have been a prominent figure of the gathering of the War Veterans' Association.
TRAGIC DEATH OF A FOWL STEALER. The Suffolk coroner held an inquest on Monday in reference to the death of John Cole, a labourer, who was formerly employed by Mr. Coppen, at Washbrook-green Farm. The deceased was found in a loose box early on Sunday morning in a dying condition. His head and face were terribly muti- lated and he was lying in a pool of blood. Firmly grasped in one of his hands were the wing feathers of a hen, which was lying close by suffering from a dislocated leg and other injuries. A colt and several fowls had been kept in the box, but since the deceased had ceased to work at the farm the fowls had mysteriously disappeared until only the one referred to remained. It is conjectured that the deceased was attempting to steal the bird that was left when the colt, startled possibly from he hen fluttering—kicked the deceased, smashing both his jaws ana fracturing his skull. A doctor was sum- moned to attend the man, who, however, died a few minutes after being found. The jury agreed that I death was due to misadventure.
SIR ALFRED STEPHEN DEAD. The death is announced of Sir Alfred Stephen, G.C.M.G., C.B., at the advanced age of 92. During his long public career Sir A. Stephen filled the highest offices in the colony. lie was the third son of the late Mr. John Stephen, a Judge of the Supreme Court of New South Walrs, and when only 23 years of age was appointed Solicitor-General of Tasmania. From 1839 to 1844 he held the post of a judge in New South Wales, and for the following 29 years was Chief Justice of the colony. Sir Alfred was pre- sident of the Legislative Council in 1856, but resigned in the following year. He was appointed Lieutenant- Governor of New South Wales in 1875, and retained that office until 1891. He administered the govern- ment in 1872, in 1879, and in 1885. He was created a K.C.M.G. in 1874, and G.C.M.G. in 1884.
AFGHANISTAN AND THE AMEER. Confirmation has been received at Simla of the news that the Ameer Abdurrahman is seriously ill. The nature of the illness is not officially stated, but it is believed that his Highness is suffering from internal hiemorrhage. The Times Simla correspondent says that the Ameer has been suffering from Bright's disease for some years, and that it is probably a sudden develop- ment of this complaint which is troubling him now. The Commander-in-Chief in India has post- poned his tour of inspection, on which he was about to start, and a special meeting of the Viceregal Council has been called. Lori: Roberts, in a conversation with the re- presentative of Reuter's Agency, has expressed the opinion that if the Ameer's illness end fatally there will almost certainly be trouble between the supporters of the Ameer's two sons in the rivalry for the succession, aud the English residents at Cabul will do well to get out of the country as soon ag possi ble. MR
THEATRICAL EMPLOYES AND THE LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL. A meeting of delegates representing the various theatres and music-halls in the metropolis, convened by the Theatrical and Music-hall Operatives'Trade Union, was held at theCranbourne Hotel, St. Alartin's- lane, to consider the position of the Empire Theatre employes, in view of the action of the Licensing Committee of the London County Council. Mr. Charles Thorogood, the President of the Union, who presided, moved the following resolution That this meeting deplores the decision of the Licensing Com- mittee of the London County Council tc impose upon the management of the Empire Theatre conditions which would render it impossible for the theatre to be kept open, and thus cause a large number of people to be thrown out of employment. This meeting is of opinion that the conditions kid down by the Licensing Committee can be productive of no good whatever, and hereby appeals to the London County Council not to accept the Licensing Committee's recommendations." The resolution was seconded by Mr. R. Greon (Britannia Theatre), and was unanimously adopted. It was also decided that a petition against the decision of the Licensing Com- mittee should be signed by the staffs of the various theatres and music-halls and forwarded to the County Council, and that a mass meeting to protest against the action of the committee should be held in one of the theatres.
A CASE FOR M. ZOLA.-The great French realist has lately brought into prominence his views on the Lourdes Miracles. M. Zola appears to say that all these cures are explicable on purely scientific grounds. He, then, would no doubt fully endorse the following "miracle," which is directly traced to scientific causes. A lady crippled and totally incapacitated for over eight years, and given over by the best medical skdl as utterly hopeless, discarded her crutches, and recovered her health, under circum- stances so striking that the Midland Free Press made a full enquiry as to the genuineness of the case. The story is vouched for in every particular, and has been verified by the most unsparing independent investiga- tion. The patient (for this, unlike moat miracles, admits of chapter-ana-verse verification) was Mrs. Cardwell, 6, Avenue-buildings, Cavendish road, Aylestone-park, Leicester. Eight years ago last Christmas, I was compelled to go with crutches," she said. I couldn't use my legs at all. I was in Leicester Infirmary nearly five years ago, was an out patient afterwards for eight months, and an in-patient at Bristol Infirmary Hos- pital, also." She was in a perfectly help- less state, until one day she wag induced to try the effcct of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People. That was about eight months ago, and the results have been aptly described ag miraculous. She improved from the first, and the paralysis in her legs began to pass aw ay. "I never wore a shoe for years," she said, and now I can sit at my ease or move about freely. I was. never warm but now I am comfortable and well. My health is better every way. I could not go without crutches but after taking Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for a time I could do without." Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are genuine, and will produce these splendid results, only as manufactured by the Dr. Williams' Medicine Company, Holborn-viaduct, London, at 2s. 9d. a box, or six boxes 13s. 9d. ever sold in balk, or by dozen or hundred; the box must be in a pink wrapper, bearing Jull mme, Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People. A sure remedy for rheumatism, neuralgia, paralysis, locomotor ataxv, St. Vitus'dance, nervous headache, scrofula, chronic erysipelas, &c. They restore colour to pale and sallow complexions, and are specific for troubles peculiar to the female, while in men they cure in all cases arising from worry, overwork, or excess. Not a purgative.
WANTED, SOCIETY LIONS. Poor Mrs. Leo Hunter has fallen upon evil days (says the World). For sometimpastherproreseionhas languished, and there are still no visible signs of im- provement. It is but poor consolation to her to know that this depression is due to circumstances over whioh she has no control. There is no reason to euppose that she is to a whit less energetic in stalking her prey than formerly, nor leas eag»sr to turn her house into an attractive menagerie for the exhibition of her captures. It is the lions themselves that are lacking. The supply has fallen off lamentably both in quality and quantify, until it has become quite in- adequate to the demand. Exhibits of the very first class, of course, have always been few and far between, and, at best, are only to be snared by tho socially most mighty of huntresses. The serious feature of tbe situation is the in- creasing rarity of the ordinary prosentable specimen. We have fallen upon an age of prancing mediocrity. Turn in almost any direction we will, it is impossible to help comparing the able respectabilities of to-day with the giants of the not far remote past. One need not be a prejudiced fogey, a blind and obstinate laudator temporis acti, to admit the force of the contrast,. It is no question of dependence upon mere tradition, for these bygone great ones have left us the legacy of their work, and hy it they can be measured with those who aspire to be their successors. Where, then, is our Burke, our Sheridan, our Landseer, our Dickens, our Thackeray ? If we want conclusive evidence of the impoverishment of our race of lions, we need but recall the names of former leaders in nearly every department of intellectual activity. The other day, when a great Party leader, and—whatever we may think of his political course—a man of commanding intellect and power retired into private life, friend and foe agreed in lamenting that the last of the great Parliamentarians has disappeared from the scene. Who can dispute it ? Does anyone expect to see another Gladstone in the House of Commons within our time? Cleverness, adroitness of fence, effective eloquence, skill in Party manoeuvre, we have, and shall probably always have, in abun- dance. It is when we look for the overmastering genius of great bygone leaders on both sides, that we appreciate the contrast between the old political lions and the new. So it is, in greater Or less degree, in almost every other arena. What is marely good is offered in profusion on all hands; if we are fastidious enough to demand what is great, we must turn from the lions of the present to the lions of the past. We have an uneasy consciousness of this, and show it by the portentous fuss we make over any kind of achievement that is even a degree removed above flat mediocrity.
THE SUICIDE AT THE FOREIGN OFFICE. An inquest has been held at the Westminster Coroner's Court, on the body of Mr. P. Henderson, lately British Consul at Cadiz. Mr. H. St. George Foley, a clerk in the Foreign Office, said that on Wednesday afternoon Mr. Henderson came to see him with reference to an appoint- ment he was anxious to obtain. After some con- versation, in the course of which witness informed him that he was afraid there was no hope of his obtaining the appointment, Mr. Henderson began to laugh, and afterwards to sob. Not wishing to see him in that condition, witness turned to the window, and immediately afterwards there was a loud report. Mr. Henderson dropped a revolver on the floor, folded his arms, and lay still. The coroner read part of the letter which the deceased had left, addressed to him, and said it furnished evidence of a highly disordered state of mind. The jury found that the deceased had committed suicide whilst Abouring under temporary insanity.
TIIB present Kmpresc or Russia's courageous devo- tion to her husband dates from the Coronation in 1883. Hitherto regarded as a frivolous beauty, whose- head was as light as her valse-loving heels, she had done little to ingratiate herself with her adopted people. Since the great day when an empire hailed her as Czarina she has given her best thoughts to the im- provement and education of her subjects. She is ab. constant visitor to and examiner at the public schools, and herself inspects from time to time the number- less charitable institutions under her patronage. Her one fault is extravagance in dress, a trait which, it is said, meets with the Emperor's disapproval. JAPANESE newspapers, in criticising the Chinese soldiers, allow them to have skill, courage, and en- durance, but say that their inferiority lies in want of organisation, discipline, and homogeneity. Each man fights for himself, without thinking of his neighbour. If a regiment is in difficulties, another regiment never attempts to aid it. Chinese neW8- papers at the beginning of the war used to decry the Japanese soldiers, saying that they were no longer to be feared since they bad abandoned the sword, lance, and bow for European weapons, which they did not know how to use. After the first checks Chinese re- cruits came forward tardily, in spite of the promise of the magnificent Day of 12s. a month with clothe8 and rations.
INCENDIARISM IN LONDON. An inquiry has been held at the London City Mortuary with reference to a fire which occurred on the 9th inst., on the premises of Mr. T. M. Catter- moul, law stationer, 12, Walbrook. Mr. Cattermoul, who was the first witness, said he left the premises shortly before eight o'clock on Tuesday evening, when everything appeared safe. He heard of the fire when he got home that night, and when lie went to the premises next morning, a representative of the Salvage Corps asked him whether he was aware that tow saturated with paraffin oil was in one of the drawers, and he replied that he knew nothing about the matter. He had an insurance for £ 55(J on his furniture and stock. The housekeeper at 12, Walbrook, said the fire broke out about 10 minutes after Mr. Cattermoul left. Ho described how he extinguished the fire, and said nobody could pos- sibly have got into the room after Mr. Cattermoul's departure. A fireman stated that on searching the premises he found a quantity of tow saturated with oil. The jury found that the premises had been wilfully fired, but by whom there was not sufficient evidence to show.
!J! THE VOLUNTEERS. Notwithstanding the efforts which have been made within the last two years, and especially by the insti- tion of the Volunteer Officers' Decoration, to induce eligible men to take commissions in the Volunteer Force, recent returns show that there is still a very large number of officers wanting to complete regiments, the actual number of vacancies at the beginning of September being 1724, of which 1111 were in the Infantry corps, 500 in the Artillery, 97 in the Engineers, 15 in the Medical Staff Corps, and one in the very small body of Light Horse. The deficiency appears to be fairly general all over the country, and in the Home District, which includes the Metropolitan corps, with the exception of those about Greenwich and Stratford, 289 officers were required to complete the establishment of the many regiments, the Artillery Brigades requiring 41, the Engineers 23, the Infantry 218, and the Medical Corps seven. There are a few fortunate Corps, like the Queen's Westminster, the London Rifle Brigade, the Artists, the London Scottish, the Victorias, the Civil Service, and the Inns of Court, which have more officers than their official allowance, but this excess does not help those which are deficient, and, to note only a few battalions which are seriously under-officered, the City of London Artillery Brigade wanted 22 on September 11 the 3rd Middlesex Artillery, 16; the 2nd City of London Rifles, 15; the 3rd, 14; the 18th Middlesex, 14; the 19th, 13; the London Irish, 8; the 3rd Middlesex, 10; the 1st West Surrey, 10; the 2nd East Surrey, 10; and many others wanted each six or seven. The Scottish Volunteers, nearly 50,000 strong, were defi- cient to the extent of over 260 officers; the Lan- cashire corps were still worse off, for with 26,GOO enrolled they wanted 279 officers; Yorkshire re- quired 135, the four Northern counties 112, the Mid- land counties 111, and Wales 61. Amongst many large provincial corps five Liverpool Artillery Brigades wanted 38 officers, three Glasgow Infantry Battalions 30, tho Burnley Battalion 19, the Middlesbrough Artillery 16, the Ardwick Battalion 15, the Wolver- hamnton and Hereford Battalions 13 each, the Forfar Artillery 14, tho Bradford Artillery and tho Cardiff and Preston Battalions 12 each, the Glasgow, Sheffield, and Argyll and Bute Artillery Corps, and the Rochdale and Ashton Battalions 11 each, and several corps 10 each. With the approaching close of the current volunteer year further vacancies fur officers may be expected.
THE UNITED SERVICE NEW BUILDING. The building annexed totlie Chapel Royal in White- nail for the accommodation of the museum and offices of the Royal United Service Institution has now been completed so far as the main structure is concerned. it. will take another six months at least before tho interior can be made ready and the transfer of the treasures and relics is finished. The Whitehall front, though thoroughly artistic, scarcely corresponds to tho architecture of the Chapel Iloval, and strangely contrasts with the plain aspoct of Gwydyr House, which the now building immediately adjoins. A turret- cupola on the north-west angle closely corresponds to tho one which ornaments the Horse Guards' building. The Rotunda section, which stands well out into Whitehall Gardens has been made to harmonise ItS nourlv as possible with the rear elevation of the Chapel Royal; and may be regarded as a very hand- some piece of architecture, the Portland stone and light-coloured brick being well adapted to the atmosphere of the locality.
TIIOSB who read the account of the recent naval campaign on the West Coast of Africa will be struck with the feat of strength performed by the bluejacket who carried a seven-pounder gun on his shoulders through a thick bush and soft morass, with a man on each side to help him along. The weight of that gun is 2001b., or more than 14 stone. Such a feat as this gives one a good idea of the strength and stamina of the British bluejacket-even in such a hot and pesti- lential climate as that of the Niger. Thoso who have walked through a tropical morass know only too well the difficulty of keeping one's own body unright, let alone An atnTO'pRJNG. load.
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SULTAN RABAH. It is not improbable that the world may soon hoaf a good deal about. Sultan Rabah. This hi!f-b!ack, half-Arab chief rules the Soudanese territories to tha east of Lake Chad, and westwards of what once was the Egyptian Soudan. And it is not merely pro- bable, but certain, that Sultan Rabah would have th& moral support of at least one European Power- Italy-in the enterprise which, there is little doubt, he is about to undertake. Sultan Rabah medi- tates an advance into the Lhdi's territories, and the deposition of the Mahdi from his unsteady throne at Khartoum. The expedition need not be a sanguinary one, if there be truth in the constant. reports of Soudanese dissatisfaction with the Prophet's rule, and re-awakened desire for renewal of intercourse with Egypt and the rest of the irorldl The re-opening of the Soudan, and some kind of viceregal position in Khartoum are Sultan Rubah'» ambition. Gordon himself proposed a similar plan, and recommended that his old opponent, Sultan Zebehr, should be installed at Khartoum. Rabah is an old officer of Zobehr's. Zebehr himself is still living in Cairo.
IN the early hours of the morning of the 14th: inst. a tire broke out at No. 1, New North-road, Islington. The inmates found the ordinary means of escape cut off, and several persons appeared at the upper windows shouting for help. They were rescued by means of a couple of fire-escapes. The- premises were badly damaged.
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MELUHTS FOOD For INFANTS and INVALIDS. Price Is. ft and 2s. 6d. per Bottle. MELLIN'S FOOD BISCUITS For Children after Weaning, the Aged and Dyspeptia, Fmlatable, Digestive, Nourishing and Sustaining, Price 2s. and 18. per Tin. Sample*, Pamphlet, and Prospectus post free on application to— MELLIN'S FOOD WORKS. Peckham. London, 8A