KROUt) ATJIBR (showing off, precocious child before visitors): I Whose 'ittle boy is 'oo ?" Precocious Child Mean, stingy ole t'ing^s 'ittle boy." Proud Father (in astonishment): Why, no, Archiq 'oo's little boy?" Precocious Cl?ild (positively) "Well, 'at's wot mammy calls papa, anyhow." TUB RUDY%.WWTER.- Jim writes his verses with more speed Than the printer"s boy can set 'em vjuite as ftiat as we can read, And only not so fast as we forget 'em. "WHEN I want a nice snug day all to myself," says an ingenious wife^ I tell George dear mother is coming, and then I see nothing of him till one in the morning."
THE WOMAN'S WORLD. SEAMLBSS French waists are the style for those who are slim enough to wear them. Some of the newest bonnets have very wide strings, edged with lace, which form a scarf under the chin. Velvets will oontinue in favour through the season, especially fortrimmiugs, and many yards of velvet ribbons will be used on chullie, foulard, and China silk dresses. A HEAVY cord is an excellent finish for the bottom of dresses, and it prevents the wear on the material. Large brown velvet roses, black velvet ox-eyed daisies, with yellow hearts, and black velvet violets are the latest novelties in millinery. TIIH cutaway jacket, to be worn with a vest or blouse waist, with certain modifications, promises to become very popular. Washing dresses are made with graduated Spanish flounces, shorter in the back than in the front, while wide belts and buckles will be worn with frocks of organdie and gingham. PoNfiBR SILK in its natural ecru shade is used for shirt waists, which are made very simple, with turn- over collars and cuffs and bishop sleeves. THE latest, caprice in hair dressing is the bowknot. The hair is made into a bow, is set high on the head, and is apparently held in place with a tortoise-shell dagger. The front hair is parted in a demure fashion and arranged in light curls on the forehead. CREPON is a desirable material for autumn gowns, and it can be had in black and all the light tints. It is especially recommended for its laundry quali- fications, as it washes perfectly and requires no ironing. BLAZER suits are made of hopsacking and serges of different weaves and degrees of roughness, and black is the most fashionable colour. Blazer coats are short, and have a broad turn over collar and wide lapels, which may be faced with moire. Mucn attention is still devoted to the sleeves, which have as yet lost none of their prominence, and are gathered or plaited in the inside seam to make the fullness even to the elbow. The lower part is sometimes wrinkled on the lining, a la Bernhardt, which is very effective if the material is soft and thia. GREHN in the clover, rush, lime, and mignonette shades is worn. Not infrequently, frocks are made including three shadet of green luminously blended, the stylish fancy of black being afforded by a belt and stock of black satin ribbon. IRISH hand-made linens are recommended strongly for dresses to be worn on genial days, and they come in a variety of colours, which are softer and more becoming than those of last year. Hopsack linen is a desirable novelty, almost as glossy as silk, and although light in weight, it is strong enough to require no lining THE short blouse which used to disappear under the skirt at the belt has had its day, and all the new ones have a slightly full basque below the waist. A pretty blaok dotted mainsook blouse has a gathered yoke, barred across with narrow black insertion, a moire ribbon belt, with an antique silver buckle, and a black moire bow at the neck with frilled lace ends. SLEEVES seem a little smaller, because they are lower, but they still keep up their reputation for quantity in material, three yards of single width goods being the necessary length. For morning wear with the plain skirts, a pretty wash-silk blouse, plaited from the neck to the belt and fastened with jewelled studs, makes a dainty costume. It is safe to predict that light colours, such as mauve, light tan, grey, and white, will be worn in the street. CLOSB braiding designs are seen on silk goods traced in silk cord, while the cord is sometimes in varying shades, and is enriched with beads or spangles, giving an extremely elaborate effect, particularly suit- able for wraps intended for ceremonious occasions. Silk corded patterns are also used as a garniture on I fine wool costumes. ROUND waists remain in favour for crepon gowns, and have as a new feature a yoke of jet, the ground of the yoke of jet spangles, the border of large jets in oval or leaf shape. There are also many puffed yokes of shot silk, deep in the front and shallow in the back, exceedingly pretty shirred yokes being of taffeta drawn on elastics to form tiny puffs. Flat bands of ecru lace in points and insertions, large collars, and epaulettes, with laca revers, also remain in favour. FOR house dresses, nothing are prettier than the soft clinging cashmeres. Many prefer light, delicate tints, and these are very pretty, but dark colours are more serviceable, and an especially pretty one is of black. There is a simulated overskirt, edged with black velvet down the front and around the bottom the bodice has an added basque, which points slightly in front, and is trimmed with black velvet ribbon a simulated jacket is ornamented on each side with three velvet-covered buttons, and sleeve capelets edged with velvet ribbon fall over the full balloon sleeves. CHILDREN'S clothes promise to be particularly pretty, and never have tne styles been more success- ful with the "awkward age"—that very difficult period when girls are apt to be either tall and gawky," or stout and shapeless. Happily, just now the fashions allow for adaptation to either condition, and both defects may be made unnoticeable by a and both defects may be made unnoticeable by a judicious choice of material and patterns. For thin children, for instance, the belted waist and flaring ruffle over the hips is particularly beooming, while it produces a most awkward effect on a child with a big waist, or one who is inclined to be stout. For the latter, the empire effects are particularly good, for nothing accentuates stoutness so much as a smoothly fitting tight garment of any kind, whether on a woman or a child. Gathered waists, too, look well on stout girls. A gathered waist with a narrow belt, a loosely fitting bell-skirt and ruffled bertha, with sleeves draped at the top and fitting tight below the elbow, will balance an awkwardly stout girl, so to speak, and render her big waist and stomach almost unnotice- able. Of course, thin young girls have the advantage, and can wear almost any style, but it should be remembered that the gored skirt and tight sleeve may make them look angular. FoR the past few years (the People reminds us) the depression in the crape trade has resulted in that industry becoming almost a dead letter, a most regrettable fact bearing in mind thai it is wholly English. Of late, however, there has been a distinct revival, and the funeral of the Comte de Paris em- phasised this, far all the English ladies present at the obsequies wore dresses of English sable crepe. Crape, which was all the vogue for a century prior to 1885, seems to be approaching a renaissance, and East Anglia, where most of the manufacturers of crape are to be found, will be all the better for the re- action. The crape wearing has been noted at almost all the aristocratic funerals since the burial of the poor Comte de Paris. IF anything can be prettier than a pretty young girl dressed in one of the newest models, all acccrdion plaits and ruffles and lace, with puffed sleeves, and ruchings around the neck, falls of lace over the deli- cate hands and an abundance of silky linings to give the delicious rustle that poets and artists never tire of talking about, it would take soma wildly imagina- tive genius to conjure up the vision and materialise it to meet our fastidious comprehension. For it is an unmistakable fact that the present styles are exceed- ingly pretty for this class of wearers. And, with judicious handling, they make ugly girls rather pretty, too, which is quite as much to the purpose, Beauty is beautiful anywhere, but when art can make plainness charming, surely a great point has been gained. On of the new effects for young and attractive women strikes the beholder as undeniably childish There is a square yoke with a very little, very filmy lace about it, then a full gathered waist, a bit of belt- ribbon with a bow, puffy sleeves with bands close to the arms above the elbows and lace rumes below, with an abundance of skirts, fluffy and graceful, making up a pieturesque costume that is the delight of the feminine heart. Dresses for dressy occasions are made with very full skirts of straight breadths, if i the material is thin. Bias gores do not work well with flimsy fabrics and should be avoided if one ) desires gracefully hanging skirts. i
ART AND LITERATURE, "THE Soldiers' Pocket Bible," which is usoallj jailed "Cromwell's Soldiers' Bible," was compiled by Edmund Calamy, and published by authority it 1643. The only copy known in this country is in the British Museum. This is being reproduced in. timile by Mr. Elliot Stock, and will be issued very shortly. An introduction giving an account of the )rigin of the Bible and the various forms in which it was published subsequently will be added, and Load Wolseley furnishes a preface to thejac-simile. WE are extremely sorry to learn that there will be no Arts and Crafts Exhibition this year, and that it is also unlikelv that there will be another until 1896. So great has proved the success of the electric lighting in the Royal Academy Exhibition galleries that it has now been applied to the schools, lectupe, and class rooms of Burlington House. MR. VINCENT ROBINSON'S latest contribution to the South Kensington Museum controversy is not'very helpful. He wants to see many of the objects of art, pottery, furniture, and such things exhibited under ttbe conditions which they originally created to exist. No doubt this might be, and is, very instructive; though it is rather a peep-show theory, and it has been successfully tried, and very much nearer home than Cluny, which Mr. Robinson cites. But the space needed for building rooms and halls for setting out chairs, cabinets, mouldings, tapestries, and other matters with such wide environment as they were de- signed to enjoy is enormous. Let us for the present content ourselves with more practical suggestions. A DAINTY little pocket-book is Mr. Walter Meredith Deane's "Letters on Whist," reprinted from the pages of Baily's Magazine, where they attracted consider- able attention. Mr. Deane will be remembered as a prominent official for many years in the Hong-Song Civil Service, and he is quite an enthusiast at the royal card game. The author addresses himself chkfly to moderate players, and gives many valuable hints and instructions which will be of service those who are well past the moderate stage as Well, withal plainly and pleasantly put. A RECHNTLY-ISSUBD work, the "Bibliotheca Staf- fordiensis," is worthy a place among the cnrionities of literature because it has been written without hands. When the author, Mr. Rupert Sitnms, was nearly nine years old, while he was taking his brother's tea to the brickyard where he worked, he was drawn into the cog-wheels attached to a machine which made perforated bricks, and lost his left arm and right hand. The lad afterwards wore on the stump of nis right arm a purse-like leather cap, the first cap being actually an old leather purse. In course of time the right-hand corner of the bottom of the purse wore into a hole, and having inserted a slate pencil he found that he was able to write, and with thA en- couragement of a sympathetic schoolmaster became able to write so well that no one who was not aware of the fact would guess that the writing was lirnd without a hand. ON October 25 Messrs. Cassell and Company will publish the first part of a new serial iVork, entitled CasselFs Universal Portrait- GaUer; Each partn contain 24 portraits of eminent men and women of I the day with short biographical sketches. THE Pilgrim's Progress, As John Bunyan WTote, It," has just been issued in a new and cheap form by Mr. Elliot Stock. It is a handy little volumd, re.! producing faithfully all the peculiar features of type and paper, together with the text of Bunyan's great book in the qu»int language in which he wrote it. After its first issue Bunyan made many alterations in the text, and since then his editors and re-printera have taken liberties with it still further. Here we have the original English, some of which, perhaps, is a little stronger than is supposed to accord with p»R sent-day culture. AMONG the family papers of the Earl of Dartmouth have been found a large body of letters and other documents relating to America, chiefly about the time when the second earl was Secretary of State to the Colonies, 1772 to 1775. The work of calendaring and arranging these materials for the history of such a critical period has been fitly placed by the Historical Manuscripts Commissioners in the hands of Mr. B.F. Stevens, whose report on the collection is now going through the Press. MR. ZANGWILL claims to have reduced the British novel to a formula, a general symbol of which every novel is a function, and plumes himself (in the Pah Mall Magazine, for October) on the fact that both "Mnrcella" and "The Manxtpan came to it as obediently as a lamb to the slaughter. The sting (for the author) lies in the Inst column of the tabutoli statement, headed "Why they (the hero and heroine) did not marry till the last chapter." In the case of Marcella the answer is, Because Mrs. Humphry Ward had to write an elaborate apology for building herself a country house in the case of The Manx- man" the reply is more obvious: "Because Philip, having abducted Kate, has to wait till he is elected Governor of the Isle of Man so as to confess hiacjpmfl on the greatest day of his life." L. T. MEADE'S new work entitled "Red Rose and Tiger Lily'' is now being published by Messrs, Cassell and Company. COUNT TOLSTOI, in the course of a long literary life, has issued a considerable number of bookletf, half-didactic and half-fictional, in Russia as tracts for the people. Mr. Walter Scott has made a collec- tion of these, and will publish them shortly in three volumes, each to contain two of these teles, with accompanying illustrations. The first will comprise Where Love is, There God is Also," and The Godson," and in the second will be found "What Men Live By" and What Shall it Profit a Man ?" There can, however, be no copyright in these, as the count has waived all such claims in a recent manifesto. Meanwhile he is credited with being at work on the libretto of a Temperance opera and upon a play which is to be his life-work. SOME interesting details are being republished of the late Dr. Heinrich Hoffmann's famous children's book, Der Struwwelpeter" (uncombed Peter). About the genesis of the work, it is stated that when Dr. Hoffmann's son was three years old the father went out one Christmas to buy a book for the little fellow. After varied experiences he found that the stories were too long and too full of moral discourses. At last he carried home a book with blank pages for writing in. But this is only a copy-book," his wife tried aloud. The doctor briskly replied, "We are going to make a book for ourselves." The pictures were drawn, aa Dr. Hoffmann puts it, with three strokes, and then he wrote the rhymes. Then the book was bound. There was not the slightest thought of making use of the book outside the author's nursery. However, one day the good doctor was sitting with his bottle of wine before nim, in company with the publisher, who ultimately gave the book to the world of children. A little persuasion followed, and the thing was done. This was about two years later. The book has run through an enormous number of editions, and it# jubilee was held with enthusiasm only last year by young Germans. The subjects of the pictures and the rhymes have all to do with things to be avoided by children. The work has been severely criticised in Germany and elsewhere. It has been called too nonsensical," the pictures being too much of the nature of caricatures.
TRADE ON THE SOMALI COAST. A Foreign Office report on the trade and commerce of the Somali Coast Protectorate during the past 12 months, states that as in the preceding season, so far as the districts which use the ports of Bf r&era and Bulhar are concerned, the year closed with gloomy prospects owing to the protracted drought which has caused much loss of cattle, sheep, and goats. To sus- tain a mere existence owners sold their animals for whatever they would fetch. The failure of the largest skin-dealing firm in Aden and the coast also added to the distress, as for some time the value of goatand sheep skins fell to a figure which made it hardly worth the while to bring them into the ports. Rain has fallen since the close of the year under review, but it has not come soon enough to prevent much misery and starvation at Berbera. All sportsmen and travellers unite in stating that the people in the in, erior have lost immense quantities of herds and present a poor and emaciated appearance. There has been a satisfactory increase in the total value of the trade at Zaila, owing no doubt to the absence of famine or cholera in the interior. The figures, how- ever, do not come up to those for the years ending March 31, 1891. and March 31. 1892.
THE Tower Bridge has been well used during the firettwo months of its existence. Nearly three and a-half million foot-passengers crossed the bridge, together with 358,404 vehicles, while 1467 steanrere, and 153 sailing vessels, passed between the towers.
FARMING NOTES. J (From the" Agricultural Gazette.") SEASONABLE NOTES. The agricultural season which is now closing haa r (observes Prof. John Wrightson) been extolled and condemned during its course, sometimes having been spoken of as one of the best on record, and again as only another of those disappointing and disastrous years of which we have had only too many of late. It is impossible to frame a formula to express the actual result of the season of 1894 upon the farm- ing community. It, however, appears that it has been one of bulky growth, resulting in big hayricks, full rick-yards, abundant grass, overaverage root crops, and general abundance. These advantages have been qualified by inferior quality of both hay and corn, a long and expensive harvest, a rank growth of weeds among turnips and other roots, and a poor mangel crop. Above all, the joy which ought naturally to spring from ahnndance has been dashed by a fresh fall in corn prices, which was not only unexpected, but beyond what was at one time thought possible. We remember a corn merchant prophesying years ago that wheat would touch a guinea a quarter, but we regarded the state- ment as wild and not likely to be realised. The 40s. a quarter, which at one time was considered as the knell of our agricultural prosperity, is now looked back upon as balonging to a happy period long past —in fact, is almost classed as belonging to the good old times. The writer, only a few years ago, read a paper upon how to farm profitably with wheat at 80s. a quarter. He would find it a harder task to show how to do the same with wheat, at 20s. a quarter, and even less. The only solution appears now to be that of GIVING UP WHEAT AS A CROP. We have lands, no doubt, upon which wheat may still be grown. It is of a nature which, so to speak, drives it into wheat or pasture; and if it is to be continued under tillage, wheat must continue to be an impor- tant crop to its occupiers. On tWe ether haad, why, we ask, should wheat be grown on light descriptions of land incapable of growing more than an average of four quarters per acre ? A correspon- dent from Carnarvonshire says, "No wheat is grown in this district." The same statement would be true of hundreds of others, and it is likely to be true of many more. Not only is wheat unre- munerative unlegs exceptionally heavy crops can be grown, but it is a destructive crop to the land. It is the cause of foulness and of poverty, so that, after a wheat crop, there are only the dregs of fertility left. If from the paltry £5 per acre realised from an ordinary crop of wheat we deduct, not only the cost of cultivation, but the cost of again bringing the land into condition, we shall see clearly that at present, and we fear at future, prices there is absolutely nothing to be gained by growing it. OTIIEB CROPS V. IVIIHAT. Wheat has been so long the crop from which the profit was expected, that we are liible to be completely thrown out of our calculations v7:en it fails us. Every- thing formerly bent to wheat. Clover was excellent beCQbse it was a preparation for wheat andlive Ftock were maintained as a means of increasing our wheat crops. Oats were looked upon as horse corn, and there- fore were out of the reckoning; barley was second to wheat, and in some respects might be classed with it. We know flrst-rate men who hold that nothing can possibly reinstate farming but a rise in the price of wheat. We do not deny the vast importance of remunerative prices for corn, but what we do say is that, after all, grazing was always considered a more remunerative business than corn-growing, and that the price of corn has not much to do with the pro- spects of graziers and dairy farmers, unless, of course, they ara extensive corn-growers also. We are accustomed to see high prices given for spring feed and root and fodder crops possess a higher value than what they are usually credited with. If we could construct a rotation of crops of such a nature as to restrict general cultivation to oats and barley, beans and peas, potatoes and root crops, grass and fodder crops, to the exclusion of wheat, we should only be following the example of Ireland, Wales, and many of our own Northern and elevated districts. With every fresh fall in the price of wheat it is evi- dent that its growth must be relinquished over fresh tracts. :¡':l\ significant fact in connection with this sugges- tion is that where wheat-growing has been relin- quished we hear less of acute agricultural depression, and in many cases of the rental value of land rising instead of falling. We cannot foretell the future, but at present a balance-sheet in which wheat does not appear is likely to be better than when it figures largely. A lafge increase in the area of oats might, of course, (jause a drop in the price of this cereal. The nature of oats fits them for home consumption as well as for Bale, and this alone is a great point in their favour. FEEDING WHEAT. We hear a good deal about feeding wheat, and cer- tainly those who have it may well make inquiries as to the best method of consuming it by means of live stock. As soon, however, as the question of seeking arises it is followed at once by another: Why grow it? Surely some other crop, more fitted for live stock, might well be substituted for it. The question is one which deserves to be discussed at length. It might be approached through the considera- tion of certain problems, which may, at leist, be indicated, if they cannot be solved, in this Column. Supposing, for example, a field is in condition and ready for wheat would it be more likely to pay if it produced 40 bushels of wheat or 30 tons of mangel, supposing that home consump- tion was the destination of either crop? The con- suming value of wheat would probably be less than the market price, and the total realisable value would consequently be under 15 per acre. The consuming value (realisable) of 30 tons of mangel could not well be put at less than 7s. per ton, or £ 10 10s. per acre, and the general result appears favourable to growing mangel wurzel on some, at least, of the land intended for wheat. Turnips may be taken in times of abundance for a small sum per acre, but there is reason to suppose that the actual value of turnips for feeding purposes would rival the consuming value of a wheat crop fed. Our point is simply stated by the question Why should we grow wheat for feeding purposes when there are so many crops which might be better grown ? Take oats for another example. Speaking from experience, we find that practically land which may be expected to yield 5qr. of wheat would yield Sqr. or 9qr. of oats. Putting aside the low quotations for foreign or new and unfit oats, we take (under correc- tion) 20s. a qr. as a fair price, and we have E8 or £ 9 for oats, as against 40 bushels of wheat at 3s., or £ 6 per acre. To this must be added the grazing in the case of clover and grass from now to Christmas, which may be put at 10s. per acre; also the diminished expense of cultivating oats, which we think would be recog- nised by most practical men. The cost of ploughing the land, for example, in December would be less than ploughing the same land in September. We have already pointed out that oat straw may be used for thatching', and certainly for foddering purposes it is superior to wheat straw. Taking all these considera- tions together, we think a case can be made out in favour of oats, when wheat comes to be considered as a feeding, or even as a selling, crop at present prices. Lack of space forbids us from contrasting other crops, such as potatoes, peas, or beans, with wheat. If wheat has sunk to the level of a feeding crop, it loses its right to considered essential. It stands on a level with b..y, and, if so, its cultivation may well be abandoned for forage crops and corn crops more fitted for feeding purposes. The question is simply one of corn versus stock an old one, it is true, but one which recent changes in values onco more brings prominently forward. HANDLING A IIALTBR. Among the minutice which, in the aggregate, form a considerable part of the successful management of a herd of cattle, the proper handling of a halter may appear a very trivial affair. It is really important. The risk of a very serious accident is often incurred through the ignorance, thoughtlessness, or negligence of men or boys in charge of animals, in the simple act of putting a halter on. We mean an ordinary hemp halter, not the handsome leather headgear neatly fitted, with metal rings and buckles. One morning recently, entering a market town on auction mart day," we saw a year- ling bull, without a ring ia his nose, making for the populous part of the town, from the suburbs, at an easy swing-trot. He seemed a very harmless beast, and, but for a frightened stare and an evident readi- ness to bolt" whenever any passer-by ivent near him, a moisture of the hair, suggestive of over- driving, and a loose halter-rope dragged along the road, there was nothing to indicate past or coming trouble. Presently three powerful young met^ with blazing faces, and breathless, ran after bull. One of them evideotlT had been rm hi? hack in the mud. The story was soon told. From the country farm their strength had been taxed to the utmost, and at the outskirts of the town they were fairly beaten, one jammed between the bull and a stone wall, another laid flat in the middle of the road, ard the third saved by ignominious flight. Then a woman had been I knocked down. All this happened from neglect of the simple precaution of "locking the halter" by a kno' to prevent the noose from slipping. As the bull pulled against his leader the noose, tightening upon his jaw, trapped a fold of loose skin. The p or animal then, roaring with pain, turned upon his supposed tormentors, with the results afore- said. A sober old farmer, bidding the young men sl and afide, promptly made the necessary knot, and then, giving the bull a few kindly touches of the hand, and gentle, reassuring words, led him without assist- ancc through the crowded streets of the town.
GARDENING GOSSIP. (From" Gardening Illustrated.) CONSERVATORY. The work of housing the plants which have been placed outside during the summer is the most impor- tant just at present. A degree or two of frost will not hurt late Chrysanthemums, but where the bud3 are a good size the plants must be sheltered from heavy rains as well as frost. And our climate is sc fickle, we are never sure of anything, the unexpected is so frequently happening and those who are laying themselves out for showing Chrysanthemums cannot afford to run risks that may be chanced if the object is only to grow flowers for the conservatory, or tc cut for the rooms. But, as I have already said, late sorts, such as W. H. Lincoln, Lady Lawrence, Fair Maid of Guernsey, f,nd others which bloom late may be kept out as long as it is safe to do so provided some light shelter can be thrown over the plants when frost is expected, or to shelter from cold rairis. Before the plants are housed, the climbmg growth will have been reduced, and the plant and glass cleaned so as to admit all the light possible during the winter. See that Camellias, Acacias, Luculias, and other plants growing in the borders are not dry at the roots. Most of these will take liquid manure now for a week or two with advantage. If the Camellias are much crowded with flower-buds some may now be removed, leaving a few early and a few late buds so as to prolong the season of bloom as long as possible. Camellias are not fashionable now they are considered too stiff, and the flowers, though handsome, are scentless. I don't suppose the Camel- lias will go out of cultivation, as before that happens fashions may change, and they are certainly grand plants for the conservatory in winter, and are not difficult to manage. Pot Hyacinths, Tulips, Daffodils, and other bulbs for forcing. The Jose Lilies may be grown as easily in soil as in water and pebbles. They are interesting for room culture, and may now be purchased cheaply. The plants brought from t'io stove to give a tropical character to the con- servatory during the hot weather should be taken kck -v, or if not required may be thrown out or otherwise disposed of. Do not overcrowd for the sako of keeping old worn-out specimens. Young plants, especially of the fast-growing things, are more satisfactory than old ones. Groups of winter-flower- iug Heaths are always bright and effective, but as far as possible let them have a light position at the cool end of the house. The watering of theoe must have special attention, as a mistake may be fatal to these fine-rooted plants. It will soon be necessary to light fires and keep them going regular where flowers are required. If not already done see that the heating apparatus is in good working order. If any repairs of any kind are needed have them done at once. STOVE. If anything requires repotting lose no time in getting such work done. There is less risk in potting plants where artificial heat is used freely, as the roots are more active but still during the short, dark days it is best not to disturb the roots more than is necessary. Stove Climbers are a beautiful feature always, and there is still much brightness in the Allamaadas, Dipladenias, and other climbing plants. And there is a relay of other plants coming on in Ipomaa Horsfallia:, Passiflora princeps, and others, including Jasminum gracillimum. A steady temperature of 65deg. at night will be high enough; the moisture in the atmosphere will be in proportion to the amount of fire used. Mistakes are often made by putting too few pipes in forcing-houses, the air being literally scorched in the neighbourhood of the pipes in order to keep up the temperature to the stipulated figure. Any house of this character should be overhauled now and another row or two of pipes put in where necessary. FERNS. Remove all permanent shade. Summer Cloud is easily washed off with water in which a little soda has been dissolved. The plants will require all the light there is now to harden the fronds to fit them for cut- ting or other decorative purposes. Small stuff may bo started into larger pots, but it will be better not to give large shifts now. Use a little fire-heat regularly now for greenhouse Ferns, and stove or tropical species will require a night temperature of 65deg. Do not syringe Adiantums, but keep up the requisite atmospheric moisture by syringing stages and damping floors. Give enough ventilation on bright days to cause a gentle circulation. The roots of all Ferns must be kept in a moist condition, or the fronds will soon lose colour. Ferns in baskets should be dipped occasionally in a tank to make sure that the roots are all moistened. Fertile fronds on which are ripe or nearly ripe spores may be gathered and laid for a time on large sheets of paper to complete the ripening process. The spores may be sown any time under suitable conditions as to temperature, humidity, and shade. Hardy Ferns in pots should be plunged in cold pits or frames and water given when necessary, though when plunged they will not require water very often from this onwards till next February. SHELTERING BEDDING-PLANTS. Frosts severe enough to injure tender foliage may come any time now, therefore tender plants, cuttings, &c., should soon be placed under cover. We shall keep our plants out as long as possible, but we are always prepared to afford shelter on cold nights by covering with canvas or tiffany. Any light covering will keep off several degrees of frost. Bedding- plants in winter only require to be protected from I frost, and for some time after housing fire-heat will not be required, and ventilation may be left on all night except when frost is expected. WINDOW GARDENING. Place Fuchsias which have done flowering outside in the sunshine to ripen the growth. VaJlotas or Scarborough Lilies are now coming into flower and may have a little liquid manure, especially when re- potting has not been done. Place Hyacinths on glasses with the water reaching up to the base of the bulbs and stand the glasses in a dry, cool cupboard. Only single flowered varieties should be used for glass. Joss Lilies may be started now either in water or soil. OUTDOOR GARDBM. Cuttings of evergreen shrubs will strike root freely if planted firmly in a shady spot now. It is always wise to have a few young bushes of Lavender and Rosemary coming on to take the place of the old bushes which get killed during a severe winter. It is well known that old bushes suffer more during a sharp spell of frost than young ones. Take off the cuttings with a piece of old wood. This is termed a heel, and need not exceed an inch or so in length. If there happens to be a frame or cold-pit to spare, put the cuttings or anything special therein to make sure work. The Gold and Silver Euonymuses are generally struck under glass. The Dwarf Conifers, Ketinoaporas, Irish Yews, and things of like cha- racter should also be planted under glass and shaded; or, better still, place the frames under the shade of a wall. This is a good season for clearing away old worn-out Laurels, Lilacs, &c., from shrubberies, and work in new features. Hollies are always acceptable one has never too many Hollies; they are adapted for groftping, or they may be left as single specimens. But in planting Hollies thick planting snould bo avoided. Let each plant have room to make a perfect specimen, and every year will add to its effectiveness. The number of varieties of Hollies in good tree nurseries is now very large, and a group of Hollies in variety will be an improving feature. It has been said that Hollies move best in May, and though the first half of May or the last half of April ,is a good season for trans- planting, with-ordinary care Hollies may be moved any time. I have seen them successfully moved in Julyf and also during mild periods in winter. There is, I suppose, a best time for this work, which, I think, is the laat half of September and the first half of October, and the last half of April and the first half of May; and this applies to all evergreens. Pansy and Viola cuttings will soon form roots now. The earlv-lavered Carnations will be ready to go out, and Pinks also should be set out where they are intended to flower. VHGETABLB GARDHN. There has been more disease than usual this year among Tomatoes, both under glass and also outside. This has been more noticeable in houses which have been planted with Tomatoes several years in succession. Some large growers, when a falling off in quality is noticed, change the soil; but this is a heavy business in the case of large houses, as at least a foot of soil should bo removed as a means of securing healthy growth. I can recommend the Patent Silicate Manure. Lime and soot are also beneficial. They cleanse and sweeten the ground, if I may use such a term, and destroy the spores of fungus, which are always more or less present. Where the soil cannot be changed after the third or fourth year, if there is any falling-off in the quality or quantity of the crop, plant in boxes. Any cheap boxes that will hold soil will do, and plant in soil brought in fresh from field or meadow, or wherever it can be obtained. Vacant land may be trenched up now and left rough for the winter. Take up late Potatoes as soon as the haulm dies down. In low lying situations there is some disease, especially among the American varie- ties. In all cases take out the seeds when digging and keep them by themselves. More care might be given to the selection of the Seed Potatoes. Take the seeds from the most prolific roots only, and the sets should not be too small, as small sets have small eyes, and produce small shoots, which lack vigour. Cabbage- plants are going on well now, as ara also Brown Cos Lettuces, on raised borders for standing the winter. Prick off Cauliflowers wn last month as soon as they are large enough. Dust soot or time among them to keep plugs and snails at bay. Celery have had a good soaking lately. Dust a little soot or lime along the rows just previous to earthing up to keep oif slugs and snails.
BULL-FIGHTING IN SPAIN. A strange scene occurred the other day at a bull fight at Valladolid, in which two of the ohief bull- fighters of Spain, Guerrita and Reverte, were engaged. The ring was crammed with spectators, and four bulls had been despatched in the most approved manner, when a tremendous storm of rain came on. The mayor, who presided over the sport, called Guerrita to him and gave him and his confreres permis- sion to take shelter in the enclosure until the rain ceased. After some time, as the rain continued, the people grew impatient, and clamoured for the return of the bull-fighters. The mayor accordingly gave orders that the men should resume. But it turned out that Guerrita and his comrade had gone off to their lodgings, and as the rain happened to ceasa about this time, the wrath of the people was turned on the mayor, whom they pelted with missiles of all descriptions. That functionary forthwith announced that he would send for the missing men, and would have them fined and imprisoned if they refused to come back. It was presently found that Reverte was in bed, having been hurt in one of his encounters with a bull, but Guerrita was pounced upon, and brought to the ring in a carriage escorted by civic guards. By this time, however, it was growing late, and the people had left the bull-ring, and were thronging the streets. Guerrita was received by his late admirers with execrations and showers of stones, and the autho- rities, to appease the populace, ordered him off to prison. He had, however, to be liberated the next day, or there would have been no bull-fight, and more trouble would then have resulted. On the same day an improvised bull-fight took place in the country town of Vargas, in the province of Toledo. A young man of the place, against the remonstranccS of his mother, took part in the affair, and was tossed by the bull, but not seriously hurt. On returnin, home in the afternoon he was upbraided severely bj his mother, and a few hours later blew out his brains leaving a letter saying he had resolved to take hit life, because his mother had scolded him."
i ■" g^easa CHINESE NAMES. In connection with the present war much con* fusion has arisen with regard to the Chinese names that crop up from time to time; and the newspapers adopt various methods of printing them. With a view of ascertaining some definite information, a representative of the Globe called upon Mr. R. K. Douglas, at the British Museum, who at once volunteered to answer any questions on the subject. He said that in the first place it should be remembered that a Chinaman always gives his name as the London Directory give English names. As. y I for instance—Jones, John James. What we call the surname is in China the clan or family name, the one or two names following being the personal names. The family name is, of course, inherited. The Chinese are very proud of their ancestral names, and laugh with contempt at those tribes who have no surnames. In consequence of this a change of surname can only be effected by an Im- Earial order. The surname is far more important to ft hinaman than it is to us, because it marks him as one of a clan. The personal names are not given at baptism, and in the course of his life, John China- man, though he adheres religiously to his family name, has many changes in his personal names. As an infant he has what is called his "milk name," by which he continues to be called until he goes to school. This is bestowed upon him by his mother. Then he has his school name, which is solemnly bestowed upon him by his father. Afterwards, when he comes to man's estate, his 'father gives him a new name, or he can give one to himself. If he attains a public position he gives himself another new name, and if he becomes an author he gives himself a literary name. This is something more than a British "nom do guerre," which is generally recog- nised, and isoften veryconfusing, especially in Western countries, where the literary name may not be known. With regard to the names thetyiselves, tbey are always of felicitous import. A not uncommon one is Chiu Shui, which means Happy Token." Another per- sonal name is Having Filial Piety." The surname is never taken from the name of a place, but a town or district often takes its name from a clan. Then, again, with regard to prefixes, there is nothing like the British Mrs." or the French Madame, though the prefix Chi may be considered an approach to it. Instead of Mr. they use the expression Sh^ng Hsien," which we interpret Master, but which really means "Before born." As soon as a man becomes a Mandarin, he has certain designa- tions applied to him. The least of all is Old Gentleman," the next highest is Great Old Gentleman "-another proof that there is nothing new under the sun, and that modem discoveries in this country were known in China ages ago. The highest title of all signifies" Great Man "—translated by Europeans as" Excellency." Many of the names of places are commonly derived from their situation, or they are given felicitous names to commemorate supposed happy influences thnt surround them. Tientsin, for instance, mentis the Heavenly ford-a ford across the river-and Sheng Ching—now spoken of as Mukden—the capital of Manchuria, means the Flourishing Capital. Pekin, again, as is 'generally known, means the Northern Capital. With regard to the names of the battleships, it will have been noticed that most of the names end with Yuen." Now YNen in Chinese, like many other words, may mean 30 or 40 different things according as it is written. A Chinese dictionary give several pages of definitions of the word. The probable meaning in this instance is the word which designates a wall" or battlement.
EXAMINATION BLUNDERS. Much has been said respecting the ignorance dis- played in various of the English examinations. But conditions are similar in America. A teacher was giving out words for analysis, Bank-note was one of them, and her astonishment may be imagined when one young lady brought the following unique analysis: "Bank-note is a compound of primitive words, composed of bank ,and 'note.' 'Bank' is a simple word, meaning the side of a stream; note/ to set down; Bank-note,' to set down by the side of a stream."
I HOME HINTS. VBGFTABLB MARROW FRITTERS.—Peel a small marrow, and keep it for 20 minutes in boiling water with a little salt; take up carefully, and let it drain on a clean cloth until cold. Make a batter with two heaped tablespoonfuls of flour, break in one whole egg, a teR-Spoonful of finely-chopped parsley, and the samo f)f onion mix with a little less than half a pint of cold water or milk. Cut the marrow in inch pieces; have ready a frying-pan about half full of quite boiling fat, put some rounds of marrow into the batter take up each piece in a spoon, let it slide off the spoon into the fat, pouring the batter in the spoon over each piece of marrow as it is dropped in. Do not put too many pieces in, as they are turned more easily when there are not too many pieces in the fry- ing-pan. When brown on both sides, put them on a piece of sjft paper on a plate to drain, and keep hot while you fry the remainder. Dish on a bed of nicely-mashed potato, serve as hot as possible. PILAFF OF AICSS]iLS.- Peel and slice three large onions, aDd fry them in a frying-pan with plenty of butter or dripping. When they are quite brown and soft, turn them on a plate. Well wash in plenty of cold water several times a large breakfastcupful of rice; have ready a saucepan of boiling water; boil 15 minutee; strain away the water, and return the rice to the saucepan with a lump of butter, plenty of pepiier and salt, and a little finely-chopped parsley. Stir the rice and onions all together in the butter, and keep it warm while you prepare the mii-sels--about two quarts will make a good dish. Pull out the beard that hangs from the shell, and well wash them in plenty of salt water. Put them into a saucepan without any water cover them close. Put them over the fire as soon as they open they are done. Take them out of the shell, make a nice melted butter with a piece of butter as large as a walnut. Melt this in a saucepan over the fire, stir in until pUjooth a tablespoonful of flour; moisten it with half-a-teacupful wi voilk or water; let it boil sharply ten minutes. Put in the mussels to keep hot; turn tho rice on a hot dish in a mound make a deep hole in the centre, pour in the mussels, and serve at once. STUPED VEGETABLE MARROW.—Peel the marrow and boil it for 20 minutes in boiling water with a little silt-longer if it happens to be a very large marrow. Make a. stuffing with about half-a-pint of well-boiled mashed potato, one large onion chopped fine, a tablespoonful of chopped parsley, two rashers of bacon cut in inch squares, a little lemon-thyme, and bnsil and pepper. Mix all well together with one whole egg, cut the marrow in half, lengthways, take Out the seeds, fill it with the stuffing. Melt a little dripping in a baking-sheet; when quite hot, lay in the marrow, baste well. Cover with bread- crumbs, and bake in a nice hot oven 20 minutes. Servo with a nicely-made parsley sauce poured over the marrow. STEWED BRISKET OF BEmp.-Poast about six pounds of brisket of beef in the oven for half-an-hour, put into a saucepan a dozen young carrots, six turnips, a bunch of spring onions, a bunch of summer savoury, lemon-thyme, three or four cloves, plenty of pepper and salt lay the meat on the vegetables, just, cover the vegetables only with boiling water, let 't'111 simmer as slowly as possible two hours. After it boils up make a thickening with a heaped table- spoonful of flour; mix smooth with a little cold water, put this into the saucepan with the beef, let boil five minutes. Dish the meat on a hot dish, put the vegetables round, and pour the sauce over tne beef, chop fine some cucumber from a bottle of mixed pickle, sprinkle over the meat, and serve at once. POTATO Piji.-Boil eight large potatoes until done, with a little salt. Mash them as fine as possible with a fork, chop an onion and a bunch of parsley as fine as possible, and about a tablespoonfifl of grated cheese, a little nutmeg grated, and one whole egg, Mix all well together, well butter a piedish, put in the mixture and bake in a hot oven for 20 minutes. A CLEANSING compound to remove paint, grease, &c., from carpets and clothing is made of one quart of soft water, one teaspoonful of saltpetre, two ounces of ammonia, one ounce of soap (Castile pre- ferred); mix well; when dissolved it is ready for use. Wet the grease or paint with this mixture and rnb well, applying a second time, if necessary. Sponge with clear warm water. Add half a tea- cupful of this mixture to a basin of water to clean fly-specked, discoloured, or smoky paint, or door! marked by greasy fingers. To clean a carpet, sweep it well, then wipe with a cloth wrung from a pail of hot water, to which has been added two tablespoon- fuls of ammonia. Wipe but a small piece at a time, and cleanse the cloth frequently. It will brighten the carpet amazingly. For washing windows, mirrors, glass, silver, hair-brushes, &c., use about two teaspoonfuls of ammonia to a quart of water For washing paint, use one tablespoonful to a quart of water. Wipe off with a flannel no scrubbing will be necessary. A RELISHABI B BREAD PUDDING.—There are many persons who claim inability to relish bread puddin" of any kind, and when one considers the way in which this dish is usually prepared, there is little about it to wonder at. The odds and ends of bread are used for this purpose, and in many cases, especially Where the housewife is given to very strict economy, there is not snfficient discrimination used in the selec- tions of the materials. To be at its best, bread pudding, like everything else, must be carefully made. Take about four slices of stale bread, or its equiva- lent in fragments, remove all the crust, and pour about two cupfuls of boiling milk over them. Beat this thoroughly, until it is free from lumps, add one well-beaten egg, then stir again until the mixture ia like thick cream. Add a little nutmeg, vanilla or other flavouring. Butter a pan, pour in the pudding and bake in a quick oven. It should be put into the oven about 15 minutes before serving, as it is sent to the table immediately upon being done. It will have risen into a very light and delicate loaf, which is extremely relishable. It may be served with hard sauce or any dressing which is most liked. AFTER peeling onions, rub the hands with celery 01 mustard, and the odour will be entirely removed. BROILED OUSTERS.—Take 12 large oysters, drain, season with salt and pepper, dip them in a table- spoonful of melted butter, dredge with flour, and broil over a quick fire until the edges curl. Trim four slices of toast, butter, and lay three oysters on each slice, which should be just large enough for them. HANG pictures so that the centre is on a level with the average eye. FOR immediate relief for a scald or burn, the appli- cation of the white of au egg to the injured spot is said to be especially efficacious. IF one wishes to cool a hot dish in a hurry, it will be found that if the dish be placed in a vessel full of cold salt water, it will coolmore rapidly than if stood in water free from salt. TAKE eg stains from silver by rubbing with a wet rag which has been dipped in common table salt. A MOST useful article with which to scale fish is the ordinary ciiit-fcoiiib. Grasp the fish by the mouth with a proved finger, and the operation, pursued from tail to head, will be found very practical. ALL floor sijd whisk brooms should be thoroughly wet in scaldi eg hot brine before using them. It will effectually keep the straw from breaking. SOMETHING ABOUT Cusitio.Ns.-The woman who likes a utraight-ba::ked chair, and declares that she never lounged in h^r life, would probably have no use for k cushion. But, all the same, there are plenty o! women in the world who would-and men, too, for the matter of that. There is nothing more comfort- able and comforting, when one is all tired out, than a lounge or divan with a big pile of soft cushions that one may adjust and crowd in wherever there is a weary spot to fit them to. A little lounging and relaxation iu a most excellent thing, always provided that one sclects the proper time and place for indulging in this luxury. Of course, the proper place would not be the parlour or drawing-ro(im, but it is not difficult to find some quiet retreat when; rest and ease may be secured if the lounge and cushion aro at one's disposal. Ono of the first and most important requirements is that the cushion- cover shall be impervious to feathers, otherwise the down will work through it, and every dark-coloured 01 black garment worn by the lounger is almost covered with bits of white that are extremely difficult tr remove. Soft porous material is absolutely worthless for this purpose. Probably one of the very be?t material for holding feathers and down is the fineut grade of Berkeley cambric. It will last a long time if well covered, ind the feathers will not work thrcfugh. Almost everyone has some pretty goods that can bo used for pillow-covers. Pieced-up scraps of silk or other fabrics are good for these covers, and are quite durable. Never cover a pillow with a linen antimacassar, unless you wish to cause unchristian sentiments in the minds of those who may lean against them.