Uttsh«5s JUtftmaig. ffVHE LONDON LETTER, ■ A Sixpenny Weekly Newspaper published on Fridays in time for the Foreign Mails. fflHE LONDON LETTER ■ is a complete summary of the important news ol the week, sanely and brightly written, from a broad British and Imperial standpoint. fgtHE LONDON LETTER ■ is indispensable to the Politician, the Sports- man, the Lady ol Fashion, the Man o 1 the World, and the Paterfamilias. fllHE LONDON LETTER is the best paper to read at home and to lend abroad. fflHE LONDON LETTER JL is the organ of no political party and the mouthpiece of no literary clique. fflHE LONDON LETTER ■ will treat Politics, Literature, the Drama, the Services, the Church, and every other topic of Sblic interest with impartiality, with oron^meas, and with good temper. mBE LONDON LETTER. JL Price Sixpence annual subscription to any part of the world, post free, 28s. THE LONDON LETTER. Vol. 1, No. 1. APBIIi 14th. 1899. Ol all Newsagents and Bookstalls, or of the Publisher, LONDON LETTER, » & 21, King William-street, STB AND, W.C. 1435 F. C. EDDERSHAW AQON, QOMPLETE IllousE FURNISHERS, HAVE NOW 4XEENED THEIR EXTENSIVE NEW PREMISES, WHICH HAVE BEEN ENTIRELY RE- BUILT, rnom JDGH STREET TO OXFORD-STREET, JfTvth Entrances from both Streets. Vidtiørs are invited to Call and Inspect the Exhibition of IV, DERN AND A NTIQUE L FURNITURE -=-.&LL THE BEST ENGLISH AND CONTINENTAL HOUSES 19, HIGH-STREET, Swansea. THE MOST PERFECT BREAD OF THE CENTURY Is Made by Using TW R 0 G ivi B A L, A MALTED AND COOKED FOOD. Combines all the elements calculated to assist Digestion with an Appetising Flavour. KtiESH FORMING. BRAIN FEEDING, and MUSCLE STRENGTHENING. HOST EASILY made into BREAD, A NECESSITY for the HOUSEHOLD SOLD at a POPULAR PRICE OBTAINABLE EVERYWHERE. Sole Makers 1257 SPILLERS & BAKERS, LTD., Qoun, BaisroL AND NEWCASTLE-ON-Tyhi. UNSEARAIN SERGE (REGD.). S UNSEARAIN SERGE (REGD.). gUNSEARAIN SERGE (REGD.). flhUBBtad to stand the SUN, SEA, or RAIN. SUIT TO MEASURE, 50/- SOLE AGENTS ART AND STEWART, THE CASH TAILORS. 27 cASTLEA RCADE, CARDIFF. HOT Beware of Imitators. We J V J. MARSH & CO., FUNERAL CARRIAGE MASTERS AND FURNISHING UNDERT A R RS, 80, ST. MARY-STREET, CARDIFF. Price List on Application. 2157-14a TO pARTIES FURNISHING. BeIaat deciding, do not fail to call at DOWN AND s 0 N'S, Whan you have an ENORMOUS STOCK to galoot from at prices which CANNOT BE BEATEN. Bddroom Suites in Stock, from ZS 58 to B. THwhiff and Drawing-room do., aFA lOtI to 940 or All goods guaranteed sound and well nwas in fact, the durability of our goods is a boqflohold word. dOBtrated Catalogues Free on Application. 0ABPETS AND L INOLEUMS MADE AND FITTED FREE. Qggjtege Paid on all orders above ZID, or delivered Free in our own Vana. STEAM CABINET WORKS :— 221, HIGH-STREET AND MORRIS. LANE, SWANSEA. Established nearly half a century, ftispbone No. 240. 1269 ROSS'S ROYAL If BELFAST AZRATED& MINERALWATERS AND LIME JUICE CORDIAL Mobe obtained in any Port in the United Kingdom from the leading Ship Store Dealers. ——— 1304 W. A. ROSS & SONS, LTD., BELFAST. I G. STONE & CO. I UNDERTAKERS. ONLY ADDBESS n WORKING-STREET, CARDIFF. it alegraph c Address Stone, 11, Working-street, Cardiff. National Telephone, No, 839. TUTORS'OLli SQDAEE IEI OTEL, PADDINGTON STATION, Opposite Arrival PlaMorm. MffLY DECORATED AND LUTUBTOlJSliT FURNISHED By MAPLE & CO. Forty Bedrooms. Qnlmrtlfl Dining, Drawing, and BMI-D P-DOW Pghaiw ffitfing-rooms- Electric Light throUthon Moderate Tariff. Night Porter. BAKER & CO., ■aff PBorawoaB. WELSH ROOKS, PAPERS, AND w MUSIC A1 ROBERTS BROTHERS, 15, WORKING-STREET, CARDIFF, STATIONERS & BOOKBINDERS. irwo NOTATION AND SOLFA PBESTEBS Welsh Books at special terms Send lot Catalogue. 1298 'nr^HE DE REES BILL POSTING AND 1 ADVERTISING COMPANY, LIMITED. PffopKTETOiiSol 150 oi: the LABC-SST STATIONS NEWPORT PONTYPOOL, RISCA, PASTERN \v K STEBN YAUiEYb. TERMS ON APPIilACTION. „ 1900 jSgahtesa :Alrb'rt5Sl5. fjpl C-P ALMER, The CASH TAILOR. m' )ALMER, The CASH TAILOR. fTl' 5*1 = )ALMER, The CASH TAILOR, m c PALMER. The CASH TAILOR T. C. PALMER, The CASH TAILOR T. C. P ALalER. The CASH TAILOR. f V 3ALMER, The CASH TAILOR f V )ALMER, The CASH TAILOR, r V )ALMER, The CASH TAILOR, f V >ALMER, The CASH TAILOR. rjl 0' = )ALMER, The CASH TAILOR. T. C. P ALUER, The CASH TAILOR. GUARANTEES A PERFECT FIT. GUARANTEES A PERFECT FIT. GUARANTEES A PERFECT FIT. GUARANTEES A PERFECT FIT. GUARANTEES A PERFECT FIT. GUARANTEES A PERFECT FIT. NOW OPEN at 66, QUEEN-ST., CARDIFF. NOW OPEN at 66, QUEEN-ST., CARDIFF. NOW OPEN at 66, QUEEN-ST., CARDIFF. NOW OPEN at 66, QUEEN-ST., CARDIFF. NOW OPEN at 66, QUEEN-ST., CARDIFF. NOW OPEN at 66, QUEEN-ST., CARDIFF. BLOB SERGE SUIT, 42s, TO MEASURE. BLUE SERGE SUIT, 42s, TO MEASURE. ,BLUE SERGE SUIT, 42s, TO MEASURE. 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NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. Contributions sent to the South Wales Daily Ntus should be plainly written in ink, and invariably on one side ol the paper. We desire to urge upon onr numerous correspondents the value of conciseness and the desirability of curtailing the length of their communications. It cannot be too clearly under- atood that brief and pointed letters receive the first attention. All communications intended for inser- tion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publica tion. but as a guarantee of good faith. No notice will be taken of anonymous letters. Rejected com munications will not be returned.
Wirtbs, iKarriagfs, anlJ Iteailjs. Notices of Birthi, Marriages, and Deathg, It taeh, if not exceeding SO word*, and 6d for taeh extra 10 svordt. MARRIAGES. DPFIN—BEDTOKD.—Srd April, 1899, at St. Catherine's, Canton, by the Rev. Arthur Jones, Arthur Richard, only son of late Edward Dupin, of Brompton, Lon- don, to Emmie," third daughter of George Henry Bedford, of Cardiff. FWSTCHER—WTTIT3HIBE.—On Monday, March 27th, at All Saints' Church, Fulham, London, by the vicar, the Rev. W C. Meluan, Edward Fletcher, late of the Theatre Royal, Cardiff, to Lila Wilt- shire, eldest daughter of Robert Wiltshire, of Cardiff. 695 IN MEMORIAM. COOMBES.—In memory of our dearly-loved one, Edward Thomas Coombes, who fell asleep in Jesus April 3rd, 1898. Gone from us, but never for- gotten." 680
The LONDON OFFICES of the South Wales Daily New are at 46, Fleet-street (opposite Fetter-lane), where advertisements are received up to 4.45 p.m. for insertion in the following day's issue. The South Wales Daily Nreicv may be obtained immedi- ately after the arrival ol the 10.15 train at the Offices, 46. Fleet-street; at Messrs W. H. Smith and Sons Bookstall, Paddington Station; at Messrs Willing and Co., Ltd., 17, Royal Exchange; and at Messrs Everett and Son's, Salisbury-square, Fleet-street.
THE PROBLEM OF THE LABOURED. DR. ALFRED CRBSPI, of Wimborne, is well and favourably known to readers of Magazines and Reviews—by name at least, whilst many will know him per- sonally-as an earnest, intrepid, and enlightened advocate of the claims and rights of the oppressed and neglected classes of the community. His very important and excellent article in the London Daily News of Saturday forces into much needed prominence that oQM aspect ot the.grave and increasingly f pressing agricultural question, one aspect Ii of which the South, Wales Daily News has been calling the attention of its readers in its articles on the rental value of land, and the eminently unsatisfactory relations of landlord and tenant. The land of the country is gradually going out of cultiva- tion, and its fertility is diminished by, amongst other causes, insufficiency of labour. The labourer is, more- over, forsaking the land, and is crowding into the large towns, and into the small towns too, to swell the great and sweltering mass of the unemployed, and thereby to reduce still further the price of labour. This has been acknowledged at successive agricultural conferences, and the unskilled labourers in the towns know it to their cost. The cry of the philan- thropist and of the political economist, "I Keep the agricultural labourer on the land," is a cry and nothing more unless sufficient and efficient inducements are offered to the labourer to remain there. Dr. CBBSPI, in the article to which we have referred, shows how the labourer could be retained on the land did not the crass stupidity and the stubborn and unen- lightened resistance to new methods of land culture of farmers and of landlords' agents operate against this much-desired result. Give the labourer a tie to the land, a stake in the country give him something to live for and to hope for additional to the starvation wages which in the majority of cases he now receives, give him an allotment of half an acre or an acre of land near his home to cultivate on days and times when farm work is slack, and he will improve his condition and remain on the land, is Dr. CEESPI'S contention. That contention receives conclusive support and vindication from the experience of the immense number of small cultivators in France who con- tentedly remain on the land and live in comfort and comparative prosperity from the profits, additional to their wages, which accrue from the successful cultiva- tion of what we in this country would call allotments. The British farm labourer is, or would be under proper life conditions, as thrifty and as desirous to improve his lot and the position of his family as the French agricultural labourer is, but our pernicious and evil land system thwarts his every endeavour to excel. And farmers, as a class, are, we deeply regret to say, as much the enemy of the agricultural labourer in this respect as are stub- bornly bigoted land agents, and land- lords indissotubly wedded to old and inelastic systems of land culture. Dr. CBJSSPI cites a graphic but by no means an uncommon instance of a large farmer in the neighbourhood of Wimborne, one of the old, hard school," as Dr. CRESPI calls him, who wrote to his landlord threaten- ing if the landlord persisted in his intention to cut up a few fields into allotments for the benefit of the labourers of the neighbourhood, to give up his farm. The landlord did persist in his intention, and the ignorant and selfish farmer submitted to the inevitable with as much grace as he could manage to assume after his bump- tious threat. He did not give up his farm. Farmers as a class, although there are many enlightened exceptions, seem to wish to keep the agricultural labourers im- poverished and destitute. An independent farm labourer appears to be the object of their abhorrence and dread. A large percentage of the farmers are serfs themselves, thralls, although not born thralls," to the landlords and the landlords' agents, and they exhibit one of the most dominant vices of serfs, a desire to tyrannise over those over whom they have any authority or control. They resolutely resist the grant of allotments to labourers because this would improve the social condition of the labourer, and make him more self respecting and more independent. These prejudiced and blinded farmers will not see that a self-respecting and independent farm labourer would take more pride in his work on the farm, and do that more expeditiously and efficiently than the broken-spirited and slouching class of labourers whom they now employ, and who know their place," as they term it, that is who bow before and speak to their employers with bated breath and whispered humbleness." Dr. CRESPI cites an instance of this dense stupidity combined with overbearing tyranny of farmers and landlords in a parish in the immediate neighbourhood of Wimborne. The Parish Council had received applica- tions under the Act for the allotment of 72 acres of land in a part of the parish to be divided into half-acre or acre patches for the use of the agricultural labourers of that part of the parish. There is s considerable quantity of uncultivated land in the parish, as the Doctor testifies, but the farmers and the landlords of the parish, or the landlords' agents, set their faces as allini against the labourers having allotments, and the Council failed after every effort to obtain a rood of land in the parish, and were compelled therefore to get the land in another parish at an inconvenient distance from the labourers' homes. It might be asked why did not the Parish Council force the landlords and the farmers to grant the allotments under the provisions of the Act ? The reply would doubtless be because of the heavy expense and the long delay; for, as Dr. CRESPI truly says, "the law has not given Parish Councils any cheap, prompt, and easy redress." But the obsti- nate stupidity and the ignorant tyranny of a section of Dorsetshire farmers find an echo unfortunately in too many districts in Wales. There are farmers in Wales as hostile to the concession of allotments to the agricultural labourers as are farmers in the South and West of England. There are upwards of Five millions of acres of land in Wales, cul- tivated and uncultivated, and taking the averages of the country as a whole as true also of Wales, fully 60 per cent. of land in the Principality is uncultivated. Much of that land is uncultivable, and some better land is, from distance and other hindrances, not available to the bulk of Welsh agricultural labourers. But many thousands of acres which would pay for cul- tivation by the people lie fallow and worth- less in districts in close proximity to the homes of agricultural labourers. These labourers, however, find it impossible to obtain allotments, and large numbers of them every year abandon the land in de- spair and flock to industrial centres, to the colliery districts, and to the towns of South Wales particularly, to flood the labour market with unskilled labour, and to re- duce wages by greatly increasing competi- tion. To say that something must be done to remedy this evil condition of agricultural things and to content one, self with the saying of it wonld be but the cry of feebleness added to despondency. What must be done is for Parish Councils to apply the insufficient remedy they now possess in a drastic manner, and with a resolute hand, and next to apply to Parlia- ment, when the next Liberal Government is returned to office, for enlarged powers to enable them to obtain allotments for labourers promptly and effectively and without being saddled with heavy legal expenses. There is no desire on the part of anyone to obtain allotment land below its honest marketable value, but unless some d&e-iaaii remed¥ §0 £ I evils be speedily applied the land will be more and more impoverished and thrown out of cultivation, and the agricultural districts will know the agricultural labourer no more.
THE SMALL HOUSES BILL. MR CHAMBERLAIN'S Workmen's Dwellings Bill, as it is called, but which is a mis- nomer, for it is not a Workmen's Dwellings Bill at all, or only in a very limited sense, finds scant support amongst the work- men as a class, and it has been effectually riddled and shattered by the criticisms of competent authorities. Of course it finds supporters, for what abortive and unworkable measure does not ? But as the Times said when the Bill was introduced it will have but small effect for good or evil if it is surrounded by many safe- guards. And it will have to be surrounded by safeguards, and by many and effective safeguards, to prevent the loans which the Bill empowers Municipal authorities to make for the purchase of these dwellings becoming a charge upon the rates. That safeguard is not secured by the Bill as at present draffed. And it is not true that the offered advantages of the Bill, of doubtful value at the best, are confined to bona fide working men. Any person, no matter what his social position is, might borrow from the Municipality under the existing provisions of the Bill. What the Bill provides is that the highest amount to be advanced upon a house by the Muni- cipality shall not exceed £240, and that this sum shall not exceed four-fifchs of the estimated value of the house. But whilst it must not exceed four-fifths it might be very much less than four-fifths. A man who wishes to purchase a house of the estimated value of £600 might, if he was in possession of JE360, borrow £240 from the Municipality under the provisions of this Bill, and that would be only two-fifths and not four-fifths of the estimated value of the house. But the grave defect in the measure is that, as at present drafted, it does not guard the ratepayers from a tax upon the rates for carrying out its provi- sions. Whilst it does not impose such a tax it does not make the imposition of such a tax by the Municipality impossible. The ratepayers in every district had better turn their attention to this possibility before it is too late.
SUNDAY 'BUS RUNNING IN CARDIFF. ACTION BY ST. JOHN'S VESTRY. At the annual vestry meeting of St. John's, Cardiff, on Easter Monday, the Vicar (the Rev. Ca.non Thompson), referring to the running of 'buses in Cardiff on Sundays, urged the desira- bility of the suspension of this traffic during the hours of Divine service in the forenoon a.nd in the evening. The parishioners of St. John's, he said, were especially entitled to this concession, seeing that the church was situate in the centre of the traffic's turmoil and seeing also that they had just given to the town—because it really amounted to a. gift—a large part of their precincts, thus allow- ing the traffic to come close up to the church. In his opinion they were not asking too much when they asked for this concession on behalf of the churches and chapels of the town whilst St. John's was also entitled to ask the Corporation to pave all the approaches with a material that would reduce the noise of vehicular traffic to a minimum. In the ensuing discussion doubt was expressed as to the powers of the Corporation in the matter of suspending the 'bus service during the hours name 3 and a.t the suggestion of Dr. C. T. Vachell it was resolved to send a deputation on the subject not only to the Cabs Committee but to the Tramways Company.
SWANSEA SABBATARIANS AND SUNDAY PAPERS. Dr. Rawlings, J.P., as president of the Swansea Free Churcheo Council, has written a Ie ter to the local churcheo, which was publicly read to the correlations on Sunday, drawing attention to the intended issue of Sunday editions of the Daily Telegraph and Daily Mail, pointing out that such papers are unnecessary and would involve extra. work on the part of employees, newsvendors, and others, and that their tone would not be conducive to a reverence for the Lord's Day. He therefore calls on the members of Christian congregations to take the drastic step of stopping their copies of these papers, and informing their newsagents why they have done so. ANOTHER PROTEST. The annual Easter Monday dinner of the Swan- sea Young Men's Christian Association was held under the presidency of Dr. Rawlings, J.P., who in opening the proceedings said the members would probably miss from the reading room the Daily Telegraph. (Cheers.) Some of them seemed to understand what he meant, and he was glad they had endorsed the action of the com- mittee. He thought it was a healthy action arising out of a healthy Christian conscience. If they were Christians in any real sense one of their duties was to stand by the day of God and to resist all efforts to secularise that day. Nothing would tend to do that more than the spreading of the world's news into the home on the Sabbath, and he was afraid that its effect would be far-reaching. He hoped no one would find faultwith their action, and being reminded that the Daily Mail contemplated a similar step. he said if that paper had been taken at the institution it would have met with a. similar fate. They might say the tramcars ran on Sundays, and he would confess that he rode on them, but they were a necessity. He urged them to carry out these principles in their private matters, and to so guard that great heritage God had given them—a day of rest. (Cheera.) The Rev. D. Connor dealt with the question of muscular Christianity, and said it was high time they should preach other things which now are practically in the shade— that they should preach the importance of intel- lectual and spiritual development. Mr Parsons, on behalf of the ambulance class, made a presen- tation to Dr. Rowlands, the late house phymcian at the Hospital, who had coached the class.
THE LANGUAGE MOVEMENT IN BRITTANY. Our Paris correspondent writes:—ASJlittle boob in Breton has just been published, entitled, An Hirvondon "—" Gwerzion La Soniou Dibabet," in which some of your readers inclined to com- parisons between actual Breton as written and Welsh ma.y feel interested. It is recommended as a work of value to patriotic Celts given to dialectical investigation, and should, it is stated, be in the hands of every Breton, Welshman, Irishman, and Scotchman truly deirous of uniting the Celtic races and of preserving their old tongue. The author, Mr Jaffrennon, secretary of the language movement; in Brittany, has obeyed several impulses in publishing this little volume. The desire is to endow, were it only as a stimulus' modern Breton literature with a fresh tribute in presence of the movement existing as it does of a renaissance—literary and artistic—in Brittany due to the culture of the Celtic language, which is becoming more and moie a passion with enlightened Breton friends of progress. The Breton bards of thia century—Kermarker, Lugel, Proux, Leskour, Milin, and others—called for a continuity of their labours, a consideration which has likewise actuated the present author. Moreover, he claims to emulate some of the fire of his Welsh fellow bards, whose brilliant models he holds out to Brittany aroused." The book is a faithful mirror of a young spirit taken with the mystic and romantic productions of Oasian, Islwyn, Byron, and Mussel, as witness the following :—" The seven-stringed harp." Ma Zelen (Fy Nhelyn), "I Sing of God," Faith," Brittany and her Language," The Sea," The Tempest," Human Woe," Joy," War," The war of a race contending for existence." The author states that in publishing the volume his purport is to contribute to the current produc- tions of the" national." language, as an incentive to Bretons of the future in the perpetuation of the lin"ual|warfare and in singing of Celtic countries, to faithfully minister to the rearingiof the Celtic edifice on both sides of the Channel, following the ensign union of the Celtic people. I may add that the book can be procured of the principal booksellers in Wales and Ireland, or direct from the publisher, Mr Rene Prad- 'homme, Saint Brieuc, Brittany, a.t the cost of Is gill, post free.
COLLISION OFF THE HELWICKS. CARDIFF-BOUND SCHOONER SUNK Messrs Bacon and Co.'s B.S. Vigilant, from Swansea. for Liverpool, collided with and aank the schooner Willing, of Jersey, bound from Dublin to Cardiff with a cargo of burnt ore. The collision occurred on Saturday night about 1L30 about one mile W.S.W. of the Helwicks Lightship. The crew of the Willing managed to get clear of the sinking vessel in their own boa.t, and were afterwards taken on board the steamer I and brought into Milford Haven, where they were landed a.t about 9 on Sunday morning. The Vigila.nt afterwards proceeded on her voyage. Captain Margrate immediately applied to I Messrs H. Kelwa.y and Sons, who, on behalf of the owners, made every provision for the comfort of the crew, who were despatched on Monday morning to their destination.
j Spring Cleaning, 1899.—Use Parkes' Furniture Cream, the Perfection of Polishes."—Manufactory' I 1*W
LONDON LETTER. LONDON, Monday Night, THE HOLIDAY. Londoners have had no reason to complain of the weather this Easter. The holiday has been favoured with clear skies, plenty of sunshine, and a midsummer temperature. There have been some showers of rain, but these have generally fallen either late at night or early in the morning. From the wintry rigours of a fortnight ago we seem to have taken a sudden leap into the season of flowers. At the beginning of the holiday the change found many beople unprepared. They had anticipated a fireside Eester, and, as the railway companies have reason to know, were much slower than usual in quitting town for the seaside. To-day a different taJe was told. The railway stations were thronged with people, and whether those who bad just come in or those who were just going out were the more numerous it would bo hard to say. Visitors from the country wasted no time in the streets, which, with their closed shops, presented a singularly dismal appearance. They crowded the parks, explored the British Museum, poured in endless procession through the picture gal- leries, and saw and learned more of London in an afterneon than the average lethargic native sees or learns in a lifetime. The penny steam- boats—as they are still called despite a quadrupling of the old fare—made a successful beginning of their season. Strangers who used them must have marvelled that London, with all its congestion of traffic, should make so little of its noblest thoroughfare. HARROW ELECTION. Political activity in the Harrow Division was not altogether checked by the inconvenient interposition of Bank Holiday to day. It was useless, of course, to attempt to hold meetings in the constituency, but a good deal of canvassing work was carried on, and Mr Corrie Grant took advantage of his freedom from the platform to make a further tour of the division. To-morrow the Liberals intend to make up for to-day's enforced idleness by holding about a score of meetings. It will be their last opportunity. The poll takes place on Wednesday—a date all too early from the Liberal point ot view and none too soon from the point of view of Mr Irwin Cox. Both sides are said to be con- fident of victory. The phrase must surely be used mechanically. The Liberal attitude is one not of expectation but of hope, while the Tories, on the other hand, have no doubt at all that their candidate will win. Their only fear is that his majority may be seriously diminished. An interesting incidental feature of the contest has been the appearance on Mr Corrie Grant's platform of many old Harrovians. Harrow's reputation as the school of budding Liberal statesmen has thus bean well sustained. It is perhaps just as well, however, for the peace of all parties that the famous school should be enjoying a vacation just now. BROTHERS IN POLITICS. Mr Richard Chamberlain's death causes the first conspicuous gap in a family circle which has always been singularly united. But notwith- standing the amiable ties which bind the Chamberlains together, both in social and political life, I imagine that the former member for Islington was not altogether sorry to find himself excluded in 1892 from an areua in which he was bound to be overshadowed by the person- ality of his more celebrated brother. Mr Richard Chamberlain himself was a man of strong and independsnt character, and he could never have been content to count himself with Mr Jesse Collings and Mr Powell Williams, a mere member of the Colonial Secretary's entourage. It is perhaps more convenient from some points of view when brethren in Parlia- ment, instead of dwelling together in unity, sit on opposite sides. The Campbells, like the great families in the Civil Wars of old, have a friend in both camps, for while Sir Henry Campbell Baanerman leads the Opposition hia brother, Mr J. A. Campbell, does his best to thwart him in the Ministerial Lobby. The other pairs of brothers—the Balfours, the Cecils, and Sir James Fergusson and Sir Charles Dalrymple—all sit to- gether, each in the Parliamentary sense being the other's hon. or right hon. friend. ASHBUKNHAM MANUSCRIPTS. Manuscripts were esteemed by the late Earl of Ashburnham for their contents as well as for their decorative beauty. As an instance of hia shrewd- ness it ia mentioned in connection with the announcement of the fruing ea1e of p&11; of hia collection at Sotheby's that he once bought for £8,000 over the heads of the British Museum authorities the Stowe manuscripts, which his suc- cessor in the title subsequently sold to the British Government for £45,000. More than ten years ago Lord Ashburnham expressed a desire to sell the whole of his collection, comprising 4,000 manu- scripts, to the British Museum. The price asked wa3 £160,000. It was too much for the Chancellor cf the Exchequer of the day, and accordingly the British Museum had to be content with the section dealing with English history. Since then, several of the groups into which the manuscripts were divided have been sold to foreign Govern- ments. The portion which is now about to come under the hammer was catalogued by the late Earl as The Appendix," and consists of nearly 200 manuscripts of the highest importance. The sale is expected to attract collectors from America and all parts of Europe, and in view of the increasing value attached to illuminated manuscripts, some very high prices are antici- pated. ENGLISH ART. In their picture exhibition at the Guildhall this year the City Corporation will revert to English art. They propose, moreover, to follow the fashion which has given us at the New Gallery and at Burlington Hooso such glorified one-man shows as the Rembrandt, the Millais, and the Burne- Jones exhibitions. The artist selected for similar distinction at the Guildhall ia Turner. Paint- ings in oil by the great English master will occupy the whole of the wall-space in the large gallery, while a smaller gallery will contain a col- lection of about 70 of his water-colours, and in a third room some of the finest plates from his Liber Studiorum" will be shown The collecHon, which I hear is to be insured to the extent of £400,000, pro. mises to be wonderfully complete. It will derive an additional interest from the exhibition in adjoining rooms of some striking examples of the work of Turner's most famous con- temporaries and immediate predecessors, including Sir Joshua Reynolds, Gains- borough, Constable, Sir David Wilkie, W. Collins, Stanford, and Nasmyth. The exhibition opens next Monday, and will continue till about the middle of July. SUGAR BOUNTY QUESTION. A short but compendious history of the sugar bounty question has been written for the Cobden Club by Mr W. M. J. Williams, a well-known writer on economic subjects, whose work will be prefaced by an introduction from the pen of Lord Farrar. From an advance copy of the book I learn that Lord Farrar regards the pro- posal to impose countervailing duties on bounty- fed sugar as a purely protective nostrum. .Bounties," he says, are at present made by other countries to our people. Why treat them as a matter for suicidal revenge ?" Farther, he contends we cannot retaliate on bounties without raising numerous and difficult guestions with other-nations and with our Colonies aa to what constitutes a bounty, without committing breaches of our commercial treaties, without introducing into our Customs system the harass- ing restrictions and distinctions which wore swept away by Sir Robert Peel and his successors, or, finally, without making a fatal breach in the policy which has stood us in such good stead for the last half century, the policy, namely, that our citizens shall be free so far as the law is concerned to buy in the market which suits them best. Lord Farrar hopes the Government may yet come to learn that the best course to take with Protectionist countries is to leave them to stew in their own juice."
JAGGERS OUTDONE. A BOY MESSENGER SENT TO CALIFORNIA. A gentleman walked into the Piccadilly office of the District Messenger Company, and handing in a letter said :-—" Send this and let the mes- senger wait for an answer." The letter was ad- dressed to a ranche in California. This hap- pened at half-past 2i and a messenger named Klsey was despatched by the 4.15 train from Euston to catch the outward bound Cuncurd liner. Mr Hume, the superintendent of the Piccadilly district, got the lad equipped ready for the long journey in an hour from the handing in of the order. The 16 years of age. and is said to be a bright, intelligent yoath. After he lands at New York he will have to do a be days' railway journey across the American Continent. As time was limited the company gave him a-sum of money with which to buy what he might require beyond the outfit provided for him.
SELAS E. HOCKING'S first story written for the newspapers has been secured for the Cardift Times and South Wales Weekly News," and commenced on gfftottay. The title le "When JMfwls Yoroe."
SOUTH WALES COAL TRADE. I ABERDARE AND MERTHYR MINERS' ASSOCIATION. ALDERMAN D. MORGAN'S RETIREMENT." The monthly meeting of this association was held at the Engineers' Arms, Aberdare. Mr John Watkine, Aberaman, presided. The Pres3 was excluded, bnt an official report of the pro- ceedings was furnished afterwards. The British Rhondda and the Merthyr Dare Level workmen were, it was stated, received as member3 of the association. Mr Alderman David Morgan gave a report of the last conference that was held at Cardiff. As he had not received notice of the meeting of the Council he advised the meeting to select another person to represent them on the Council and the Sliding Scale Committee. A letter was read from Mr T.Richards, secretary of the South Wales Council, requesting the Aberdare and Merthyr District to select a repre- sentative to fill up the vacancy on the Central Council upon the retirement of Alderman D Morgan. The meeting objected to the word retirement," as also did Mr Morgan, as he was expelled and had not retired, as stated in the letter. It was resolved to as;ain ask that a tribunal should be formed to settle the dispute, as suggested by Mr Morgan, and suggesting that the way to settle the matter was for Mr Morgan to select three men and the other members of the Council three others, the six then to determine on an arbitrator. The meeting expressed confidence in AldermanD. Morgan, and complimented him on the conduct of their business in the past. It was resolved that when an accident takes place in a colliery that the matter should be reported immediately to the agent. In reference to the dispute existing in the 6ft. seam at the Bwllfa Colliery, the meet- ing declared in favour of settling the matter by arbitration failing a mutual arrangement; and failing the latter the men to be supported financially by the district. Inasmuch as some workmen at Lower Duffryn obstinately refuse to join the lodge it was decided to take measures to get them to fall in with the majority. EXTENSION OF WORKINGS AT PEN LAN COLLIERY, On Saturday the first sod of the new slant to be driven at the Penlan Colliery, Penclawdd, was cut in the presence of a large gathering. The ceremony was performed by Mrs GorJon, wife of Councillor G. E, Gordon, M.E., manager of the colliery. Mrs Gordon was presented with a silver spade by the employees of the colliery, the presentation being made by Mr Evan Jones, overman.
SIX WEEKS AT THE MERCY OF THE WAVES. SWANSEA VESSEL'S THRILLING ADVENTURES. The barque Broughton, of Swansea, which arrived in Fleetwood Dock on Saturday evening after a protracted voyage from Coquimbo, has had extraordinary experiences since she left Eng- land three years ago. The Broughton left England in January, 1896. in charge of Captain Chalk, of Swansea, for Australia. In May, 1897, she left Australia for Coquimbo, South America, and hortlyafter the captain and crew were taken ill. A gale raged, and the vessel had to battle against tremendous seas for weeks. To make matters worse Captam Chalk died, and was buried at sea. The chief officer was stiU sick, and the vessel was tossed and rocked about at the mercy of the waves. During the six Weeks she was buffeted about, and the crew never ex- pected the vessel would live through the storm. Suddenly the vessel was struck by a cyclone, and the steering gear refused to act. The hardship began to tell on the crew, but they worked away, and at this time the chief mate, named W. Jones, of Bishopaton, near Swansea, recovered, and took charge of the vessel. The steering gear was eventually repaired, and the Broughton arrived in Coquimbo on August 11th. Here a new captain had to be engaged, and Captain Beavan, also a Swansea man, took charge. On her passage to England a hurricane raged, and the rigging were carried away. The provisions were running short, and when a state of starvation seemed r. tain a vessel called the Glenbreck came to the Broughton's assistance, and supplisd her with provisions.
THE I.L.!>. CONFERENCE AT LEEDS. The seventh annual conference of the Indepen- dent Labour Party was opened at Leeds on Mon- day under the chairmanship of Mr Keir Hardie. About 100 delegates were present, which is in excess of last year's number. In his opening address Mr Keir Hardie, referring to complaints as to the slowness of growth of their movement, said that a great change in public feeling was going on towards the movement. Its members were no longer outcasts and harebrained rebels. They were accepted as a serious factor in the life of the land. Mr Hardie condemned the Government for failing to cany out their promises with regard to the amelioration of the conditions of the poor. Old age pensions had been selected aa the battleground because it meant least in matter of social reform and offered the best facilities for hoodwinking the unwary. S'blve the unem- ployed problem, said Mr Hardie, aud the troubles of mankind would become easy. The Indepen- dent Labour Party would not go back on its inde- pendence. Socialism was the hope of the world. He believed they would enter tha now century with a movement becoming conscious of its strength. The report said that during the past year industrial questions had been more or less rele- gated to the background. On the other hand foreign affairs had been sedulously brought to the front by all sections of capitalist politicians. A lamentable spirit of Jihgoism or desire for foreign conquest had been skilfully cherished, with the result that the workers as a class had agaia bean deluded into thinking that their hopes for betterment could be realised by the opening up of foreign markets and by the maritime and military supremacy of Britain. After prolongad discussion it was proposed to leave open the number of seats to be contested by Independent Labour candidates at the next election, but the majority declared in favour of 25 contests, aa recommended in the report of the National Administrative Council of the party. The conference resumes to-day tTuesday).
PEMBROKESHIRE HUNT. LORD KENSINGTON DECLINES THE MASTERSHIP. A meeting of the subscribers to the Pembroke- shite Foxhounds was held at the Castle Hotel, Haverfordwest, on Saturday, for the purpose of hearing Lord Kensington's decision with regard to the mastership, which was offered him "little while since when the present master, Mr Â. J. Stokes, of St. Botolphs, intimated his intention to resign. Sir Owen Scourfield, Bart., presided over a good attendance. Mr Lort Phillips com- municated the reply of his Lordship, which was that he could not accept the offer of the master- ship. He, however, offered very substantial support to .the hunt, and hoped that a good master would be secured. In the meantime, Mr Stokes has been piressed to retain the post for another season, and has asked for a few days to consider the matter, the meeting being adjourned for that purpose.
PLASTERERS' LOCK-OUT. At Birmingham on Monday a meeting was held of all branches of the building trades, except the masons, in England and Scotland, to con- sider the plasterers' dispute. Four hundred thousand men were represented. The proceedings were private, but it is understood the discussion turned chiefly upon the course of action to be taken at the conference with the employers on the 10th instant. Though not conceding plenary powers to the delegates who will attend to settle the dispute, such authority was given as was thought would lead to a settlement. A hope was expressed that reason would be brought to bear upon the deliberations.
SEVERN SUBMARINE MINERS. Advantage has been taken of the Easter holi- days to give a detachment of the Severn Division Royal Engineer Volunteers five days' special training. The men went into quarters at the Drill Hall in Charles-street on Thursday evening last. On Good Friday they attended eaxly service at St. John's Church, Canton, and afterwards were marched down to the Submarine Mining establishment for musketry drill and Morris tube practice. Saturday and Monday were devoted to submarine mining in the Channel off Laver- nock. which will be continued to-day (Tuesday). On Sunday the detachment attended service at Llandaff Cathedral. On Saturday and Monday nights arrangements at the Cardiff Empire were made for such of the detachment as cared to attend, as most of them did. The following officers are taking part in the training :—Major J. D. Hughes, commanding officer; Captain Giddy. R.E., adjutant; Captains Caple, Hooper, and Evans, Lieutenants Spicbett and Edwards.
A HOLIDAY ACCIDENT. Early on Monday morning, during the Easter festivities, a large paraffin lamp suspended from a ceiling at 16, Brunswick-square, Stamford- street, fell with a terrible crash. A man named James Draper, sitting directly under the lamp, was badly cut, whilst Margaret Draper waB severely burned, her dress having caught fire. Fortunately, some of the men present retained their presence of mind and smothered the flames vtith rugs and mats. The woman was removed to the hospital.
A DOMESTIC QUARREL. At Wednesbory on Monday, William Goode, ironworker, was charged with maliciously wound- ing his wife, Ellen Goode, under singular circum- sta.nces. When prosecutrix went home on Saturday night she found her husband had locKed hex out. She burst open the door, ,a iU^„ prisoner lying on the Jsofa. A quarrel tTOkpiace, and prisoner struck his wife on the head poker, inflicting terrible injuries. ? „ stated prosecutrix was ou Monday j very critical condition. Prisoner was remanded.
WHEN Lans IS YOUNG" is the title of a new story by Silas K. Hocking, which commenced in the Cardiff Times and South Wales Weekly News of
SHOP ASSISTANTS. CONFERENCE AT BRADFORD. On Sunday morning the eighth annual con- ference of the National Amalgamated Union of Shop Assistants, &c., was opened at the Victoria Hotel. Bradford. Delegates were present from all parts of the country, those from South Wales including Messrs A. Parr, A. Pearse, and T. Spencer Jones, Cardiff; W. Job, Fern- dale and G. P. Roberts, Merthyr. At the present moment there are 86 branches in the Union with a membership of 3,286. The Cardiff branch continues to maintain its position as the largest in the Union. Mr E. Lomas presided at the opening of the conference. He said the good old days of master and man with their family sentiment and recipro- cal duties and comparative social equality had passed away, and instead they found a system of gross indifference to the welfare of assistants. Capital was now pitted against labour in shop life as in other industries. The dividing line between the modern assistant and his future propects of ownership was becoming wider and wider, and the need of some substitution in the shape of higher remuneration and im- proved conditions was increasing. The; days of grandmotherly legislation on voluntary lines had passed away, and Early Closing Associations had no claim upon shop workers at present. The female labour employed in shops was a problem that required diplomatic handling by the Union. It was their duty to see that girls got equal remuneration with men for equal services. The Shop". Bill was the only practical solution to the vexed question of shop hours, whilst the question as to how much longer shop assistants were to work at 3%d per hoar was a vital one for the Union. It was time also that some plan should be adopted to distinguish the good employer from the bad, and let the public and Trades Unionists know who the bad ones were. In moving a vote of thanks to the President Mr Spencer Jones (Cardiff) said that the question What to do with our girls was an important one to the Union. He impressed on the dele- gates the advisability of getting as many women workers in their branches as they could. Mr Lomas introduced Mr Roper Lincoln, the new president. A representative of the Co-operative Employers' Union attended, and expressed the hope that both organisations would work harmoniously together in securing common objects. Mr Parr, Cardiff, presented the report of the Credentials Committee, and stated that the num- ber of members unrepresented was 220. In presenting the annual report Mr J. Mac- pherson, the general secretary, said that since the Union was formed shop assistants had contri- buted a sum of £10,299 to the funds. He urged the extension of the movement by investing JE500 of their surplus funds in the work of organisation. A letter was read from the president of a Bel- gium association of shop employees inviting the Union to send a delegate to an International Congress at Ostend in July. The delegates thought they were not quite tipe for this depar- ture. In her annual statistical report Miss Bondfield, the assistant secretary, said that returns had been received from 115 shops, and related to the employment of 3.855 persons. The majority of assistants in the drapery trade lived in, and those in the grocery trade out. The analysis of wages showed the rate of pay to be from Id to 9d per hour. The working hours ranged between 48 and 85 hours a week, the great majority working between 70 and 80 hours. A proposal which evoked considerable inteiest was that no member who had left the distributive trade should be eligible for election to office, or to act as delegate in the work of the Union. Mr Pearse, Cardiff, said although he had instructions to vote for the motion, he did not personally believe in the wisdom of the proposal. It would deprive the organisation of the services of useful men who could help them to carry on the work. Mr Spencer Jones, aa one who would be affected by the passing of the new rule. sup- ported the motion as embodying a principle of the greatest importance. He had always fought for it, and now that he had found it convenient to leave the trade he was not going to renounce his belief in the justice and wisdom of the pro- posal. The motion was carried. Shortly before the close of the conference ? slight breeze took place. The General Secretary wanted to apeak to a motion, when the President, Mr Roper, said that he could not allow him to speak. Mr Macphereon claimed the right to speak, and remarked that this was an altogether new doctrine. The President replied that the general &ecretary would have to be subservient to the chair the same as anyone else. The presi- dent's ruling was supported by the conference. Sunday's proceedings were followed by an At home given by the Bradford branch.
PANAMA CANAL PROJECT. A NEW AMERICAN COMMISSION. New York, Monday.—The Herald to-day publishes a despatch from Washington stating that President McKinley will to-morrow an- nounce the appointment of seven members to the new Isthmian Canal Commission, includi Rear-Admiral Walker, General Haimes, Professor H&upt, of the Nicaragua Commission; Ulr Noble, civil engineer, forij»erlT m*mbec of. the IiUdlow Canal Commission; Major P. M. Symonds, of the Engiaeer Corps; and Mr Voight, civil engineer. The seventh member has not yet been nominated. The Commission will visit both the Panama and the Nicaragua routes. The Nicaragua Canal report is being expedited. i-Reuter.
THE PHILIPPINES. INSURGENTS DESERTING. Washington, Monday.—The following telegram from Manila of Wednesday's date has been received from General Otis :—" Present indica- tions denoi;e)hat the insurgents' Government is in a perilous condition. Its army is defeated, discouraged, and scattered. The insurgents are returning to their homes in the cities and villages between here and points north of Malolos, where our reconnoitring parties have reached. They seek the protection of Americans. News from theViscayan Islands is more encourag- ing every day.—Reuter.
UGANDA MUTINY. COL. MACDONALD COMING HOME. Aden, Monday.—Col. Macdonald and his party, coming from Uganda, arrived heie to-day from Mombasa. They will leave for England on the 5th inst. They report that the mutiny among the Soudanese troops is now nearly quelled.—Reuter.
WOMAN STRANGLED AND ROBBED. ARREST ON SUSPICION. At Barnsley on Monday Richard Thomas Wormald, glass hand, of Monk Bretton, was remanded charged with the wilful murder of Ann Whitehead, a widow, of Barmdey. It is alleged that the parties were seen together on Saturday night, and the woman was found dead on Sun- day morning, having been strangled aud robbed.
ALLEGED CHILD MURDER. On Sunday night Harriet Measham, a domestic servant, was arrested at Gresley, near Burton- on-Trent, on the charge of murdering her female child, aged 14 months, whose body was found in a dam at Repton wrapped in a paper parcel and with a nightdress sleeve forced into the mouth The neighbours missed the child, and Measham said she had given it to someone to adopt.
TRAP ACCIDENT AT NEW- PORT. On Monday a trap accident occurred in Woodland-road Maindee, Newport, which resulted in Charles Gwyther and a man named Myers, of Railway-street, being thrown out. Gwyther escaped with trifling hurt, but Myers's head came in contact with the wall, and he was so badly hurt that he was removed to the Infirmary and detained there.
SUNDAY CAROUSAL AT CADOXTON. At a special meeting of the Barry Dock Police Court on Monday, James Black, James Atkins, James Hatson, Peter Kelly, and William Douglas were convicted of being drunk and guilty of dis- orderly conduct on Cardiff-road, Cadoxton, on Sunday afternoon. The men were found by Hawkins and Clynch drinking from three four- and-a-half gallon casks of beef on the roadside, and when being taken to the police station Black and Atkins became very violent. Black and Atkins were BnedjEl and costs, or a fortnight s hard labour, and the other three 10s and casts, or seven days.
UNFOUNDED CHARGE AGAINST OFFICERS. -¡ mcers of wilfully The charge agwnsUhefcmr officersof wilfully damping property durtag a dismisaed. The but rather of excessive zea •
MEMORIAL^WINDOW AT ELY CHURCH. On Easter Sunday there was unveiled at Ely Church a handsome stained window, the gift 0'f Mr Lewis J- Sbtttey is a memorial to his wife who died in September la«t. The subject is the Aseension, and the window is plaeed in the main position in the chancel.
DR DE JONGH'S LIGHT BEOWN COD LIVFBOTL — IN THROAT DISEASES rrn EFFICACY T« Sir G. Duncan Gibb, Bart. M if vl „^ QDf^D' Westminster Hospital, writesThe/^n«of Dr de Jongh's Cod Liver Oil aa a theranrn ber of diseases, chiefly of an ex^aus^M^m^tor^^ been admitted by the world of £ £ £ wlpnrnf° m 1 a remedy of great power in the Ki .Affections of the Throat an^ Consumption of the lafctf" where it will sustain life when everything else fa) j ImPerial UMlt'ptats, 2s 6t'. Ptnts, 4»9d, Quarts, 9s, by all ChemistsT Sole Con agnees, Ansar, Harford, &, CQ.. Liaritgd. 210, High HoUwm, Stotttoaii .1921
WJfiLSH GOSSIP. Mr J. Hugh Edwards, editor of Young Watm, has been ordained to the pastorate of the Eng- lish Congregational Church at Newtown. Mabon, M.P., will be the chief speaker at the Labour Day Demonstration of the North Wales quarrymen next May Day at BlaenauFestiniog. The Bethesda. quarrymen last week colleoted among themselves a uum of £125 in order to found a scholarship at the County School for Boys from that district. The Rev. Oasian Davies's chapel in Maryle- bone-road, London, is about to be renovated at a cost of £6,000. This will include the cozi of a new grand organ. Mr David Reee, a native of Llanelly, who waa over in this country last summer, has been ap- pointed Mayor of East London, South Afrioa, for the seventh time. The Rhondda Glee Society will attain its 21st birthday next week, and the event is to be marked by a celebration banquet, under the pre- sidency of Mabon, M.P. Mr W. David, of Abertillery, has just been appointed by the Ruabon United District School Board to the post of headmaster of the papil teachers' central classes at Ruabon. The iniquitous, insatiable, and encyclopaedic waste paper basket ia Dr. Fox's feeling descrip- tion of the biggest department—as a sympathising outsider puts it—of the modern daily newspaper. To meet Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, M.P. Mr Alfred Thomas, has invited all the Welsh Liberal members of the House of Commons to a dinner the Devonshire Club on Saturday, April 15th.. The Rev. Hampden B. Jones, the blind evaj gelist, is a North Walian. He haa held several! important pastorates, the last being the North London Barbican Congregational Church. Mr Hampden Jones is a grandson of Dr. Arthur Jones, Bangor, one of the Welsh Congregational fathers. A belated female, burdened with a baby and other impedimenta, rushed up to a guard at Ponty- pridd the other evening just as he was sounding his whistle for the train to start, and cried frantically, Jew anwl, man, what you start and me want to go ? Stop for a minute, what- ever." She got on board. A wealthy North Walian has presented the Rev. Llewellyn Edwards, M.A., with a. sum of £600 towards the liquidation of the debt on his chapel at Clapham Junction. Another Welshman from the West End has sent the Rev. Eynon Davies a cheque for £1,000 to help the carrying on of his work at Beckenham. The marriage arranged between Mr Herbert S. Bassett, younger son of the late Mr Alex. Bassett, of Baynton House, Glamorganshire, and of Mrs Bassett, Chaddesley, Bournemouth, and Marion Earle, second daughter of the late Major George Earle (14th Regiment), and of Mrs Sinclair Thomson, will take place at the end of next month at Bournemouth. Alluding to the statement made during the Sunday 'bus controversy that many men are quite willing to work seven days a week if well paid for it, Dr. Fox, the Cardiff Quaker, avers in a letter to a friend that this amazing and pathetic mistake of sacrificing the whole of life to material ends is as astounding a piece of moral suieide and Pagan darkness as I have met." Even in far off San Francisco WM Gwyl Dewi celebrated this year. The event was carried oat by the Ladies' Aid Society of the Welsh Church. Professor Thomas Price, the orator of the evening," Miss Grace Davies, Messrs David Manlloyd, T. C. Hughes, and J. J. Morris looked after the vocal and instrumental part of the enter- tainment, and right good Welsh names they MM. j The young men Christians at Cardiff were wildly hilarious at their annual meeting on Thursday night. We are all young men," said Principal Edwards, and though my friends Sir John Gunn, Mr Robert Bird, and Councillor Munn have stopped growing, I believe that I have not, for my head seems to be growing constantly above my hair." Hair, hair," ejaculated Alder- man Gory. Apropos of the forthcoming visit of the Daka and Duchess of York to Gwydir Castle, aa the guests of Earl Carrington, it appears that their Royal Highnesses have expressed a deaire while in Wales to hear an hour's performance of Welsh vocal music. Arrangements are therefore being made for a performance before the illus- trious gneats by the Llandudno Philharmonic Society during their visit to that town on the 26th of April. Under the editorship of Robertus, who is now stationed in the Rhondda, a Welsh quarterly, entitled the Wawr, has been started in Treorky Welsh Wesleyan Circuit. The editor contributes to the first number an inspiring article on the many phases of the work in the circuit, whila Orlando writes in a sanguine spirit of the share to be taken by Treorky in the Million Guinea scheme. The quarterly has an attrac- tive appearance, and one may hope that its appearance indicates the dawn of an era. of prosperity for the cause in the Rhondda. The Vicar of St. John's, Oarom, asks those who wish to leave anything to his church not to let the bequest take the form of coals and blankets. The parishioners themselves can always, he thinks, find coals and blankets tor the poor. What is wanted is money for the payment of reasonable stipends to the curates, It seema some weU-diapoaed gentleman has recently left £400 to St. John's, the income for which is to be spent on coals and blankets at Christmas time There is another condition-that the testllrtor's grave in St. John's Churchyard shall be kept in order. Mr Jamea Bowden will publish at the end of next week a book by Mr Harry Lindsay, author of Rhoda Roberts, a. Welsh Mining Story," The Jacobite," Methodist Idylls," etc, The new book will be entitled More Methodist Idylls," and, we understand, deals with Metho- dist life in South Wales. Its predecessor, Methodist Idylls," has had a large sale in this country and ia the Colonies, and is now in its third edition. By the way, this edition contains an excellent preface by the Rev. H. Price Hughes, M.A., president of the Wesley a a Metho- dist Conference. k ill The Rev. H. M. Hughes, B.A., Cardiff, seadr on the following interesting paragraph :— Re the first Welsh book printed in Amsrk*- I have in my possession a complete and well- preserved copy of the following, which, as you S6e? is a much earlier American Welsh hymnal of 1808. The full title is Cydgordiad egwyddorawl o'r Serythurau lyth- vrenol o'r prif' eiriau yn y Qctaidd, ya arwain, dan y cyfryw eiriaa* aaa pob rhyw ddymunol ran o'r gyfanso- ddwyd drwy laturus „ 0rgan, Gweini- dog yr Efengyl er Argraffwyd yn Philadelphia,Samuel Keimer a Dafydd Harry, 1730.' It is a large foolacap VQw „ Socialists are not °"ginal in their ways. The latest move of Socialist party is to take VP d^bution on the call again principle. °™^a' 6 E. Ellery, the secretary, is responsi he proposal to have approved Fabian pamphlets numbered and distributed from oor o door. By the plan proposed, as he explained, the tract that this week created interest u Socialism at No. 20 would next week ma&e ings iveiy at Ho. 22, and the week following illuminate No. 24. Of course the formula," If yon do not attend any other place of worship-we mean, belong to any other party—come to on," will be added.
THE FUTURE OF WARWICK CASTLE. No event of recent years has given rise to more discussion in the county of Warwick than the formation of the Warwick Estates Company, Limited Speculation is rife to whether the Karl Countess of Warwick will continue to reside at the historic castle. It is stated, however, on excellent authority that the flotation of the com. pany will not in any way affect the good rela. tions which have alwa.ys existed between Lord Warwick and his numerous tenantcv, neither will it in any way lead to Warwick Castle being occupied by strangers. For this assurance Warwickshire people are thankful. The Conatsaa of Warwick is at present at tilt castle, though her Ladyship will leave very shortly for Dublin. Lord Warwick is now in TrpHnd, engaged in his favourite pursuit of fish- j in the Blackwater.
WHEN LIFE IS YOTJHG is the title of a BMT story by Silas E. Hocking, which comm«ae«d in the "Cardiff Times and SotUib Wales Weekly Mews of I M