THURSDAY, OCTOBER S, 1896. LORD ROSEBERY'S RESIGNATION. LOKD ROSEBERV, finding himself in" apparent difference from a considerable mass of the Liberal. party on the Eastern Question, has rp,signed the Leadership. He is, he declares, in some conflict of opinion with Mr GLAD- STONE and alleges that, from scarcely any quarter, does he receive explicit support." We must await his Lordship's speech to- morrow evening for an explanation of these statements. They say too much, and too little. The difference from the mass of the party can be no new discovery the failure to receive explicit support cannot be under- stood until some information is afforded of wherem support has been needed and not been received. Probably thediscovery, though I not new, has been made known now because so recently as Monday Sir W. HAROOURT stated distinctly and definitely what is the Liberal policy with regard to the latest phase of the Eastern Question the policy of Mr GLADSTONE, the continuous policy of the Liberals for at any rate twenty years past. If it is from this that Lord ROSBBKRY I' differs, then almost every one in the party will agree with him that under these circumstances it is best" that he should speak on Friday "as a free man." With every respect for the noble Lord, all recognition of his conspicuous ability and past services to Liberalism, it is impossible to accept from him, any more than from less distinguished politicians, any suggestion of change in the course which Mr GLADSTONE has so long pursued in the Eastern Question, and which Sir W. HAR- COURT endorsed and described at Ebbw Vale on Monday. There may be sound arguments for a different course. Lord ROSEBERY may state his preference for the creation of additional autonomous Principalities which, while releasing the Armenians and others from the Turkish yoke, will help to build further barriers between Russia and Con- stantinople. He may express the view that to hand over the Bosphorus to an inter- national Commission is better than to tender Russia practically a free hand. He may —the subject is so complex and the issues so numerous—indicate other modes of action and will in all probability contend for maintenance of the European Concert rather than for a separate understanding with Russia. But there is more than the Eastern Question to occasion his action. Dis- agreement on this point is not the sole cause of severance and as Lord ROSEBERY himself has chosen to break away from the party and to specifically set himself in opposition to Mr GLADSTONE'S views and to the course indicated by Sir W. HARCOURT, there is no need, as there would be no advantage, in making pretence to hide the fact. How much more than the great issue of foreign policy divides him from the Liberals we shall ere long learn. The disclosure will be awaited with some measure of impatience but with nothing of anxiety, for the fixed policy of the Liberal party is to sweep out the Turks, bag and baggage," and to cultivate friendly relations with Russia. Those who do not agree to this must go out from among us, and their departure will be hailed with approval, even though it be leaders who go. For the rest, the resignation is altogether of happy augury. Liberal counsels have been weakened by dissension in high quarters which is now confessed, and they will be strengthened by a return to unity, decision, hearty concord. There remains but one leader for the Liberals now. The member for West Monmouth steps to the place which he has earned throngh long years of strenuous endeavour, through loyal devotion to the great chief whose word still sways the nation with such potency to the head- ship of the party he has served with undiminished zeal, persistence, and energy, notwithstanding a preference which would have soured and repelled a smaller mind. It would be folly to pretend that Lord ROSEBKRY'S secession is not matter for regret no party can treat lightly the loss of a talented leader. But the secession of a dissident restores vigour and freedom to Liberalism and it is not himself alone who will find it best that he should speak as a free man.
ALCOHOLIC TEMPERANCE DRINKS. EXTENSIVE PROCEEDINGS AT LEEDS. At Leeds on Wednesday a number of shop, keepers were charged under the Excise Acts with selling beer without a licence. The proceeding* were instituted in consequence ot the discovery by Somerset House officials that many of ths so-called temperance drinks being made and throughout the country contained considerable properties of alcohol, in some cases as much at 4 per cent. The defendants were fined 4 each.
COPYING THE GREAT WHEEL. £3,500 FOR INFRINGEMENT OF PATENT RIGHTS. In the case of Graydon versus Basset Mt Justice Cave on Wednesday ordered Mr Basset to pay into court within ten days £3,600 awarded by Sir Thomas Tancred, the arbitrator, on August 31st as damages for constructing the Blackpool gigantic wheel. The award was made in lieu of the injunction and subsequent attachment issued against defendant.
MISTAKING A PHEASANT FOR A RABBIT. GAME TRESPASS AT LLANDOUGH. «-Al^?P^rth Police Court on Wednesday—before M w!i Mr Valentine Trayes, and «dmund Handcock—a coachman named l3reorSre Ray was summoned for trespassing in Pursuit of game on land belonging to the Marqmg of Bute, on that day week. Mr chambers, from the Bute Estate Offices,appeared to prosecute. Defendant pleaded guilty, and explained that he was empowered hy Mrs Brewer, the occupier of the land, to kill rabbits, and in shooting at a mo.aable object in the hedge be killed a pheasant by mistake. The magistrates believed the statement, but ordered tbe payment of a fine of J61 including OOSM.
THE NEW HALL FOR CARDIFF. MR SOLOMON ANDREWS' BUILDING. Plans were submitted at a meeting of the eb. committee of the Cardiff Public Works Committee on Wednesday afternoon of a hall whteh Mr Solomon Andrews intends erecting at the rear of some new shops in Queen-street. There wart several objections, the chief one being insufficiency of exit spaoe in the case of a panic, and tbe plane were consequently disapproved. The plans show a hall 135 feet in length and 69 fret wrdo, wifch galleries round three sides.
A CHARMING Nxw SERIAL STOBY. the latest from the pen of the Queen of Novelists, Nim BratMon, will commence publication in the Cavdlf Ilima and South Wales Weekly New on Saturday next. Seeora a cepy.
EBusiness ^b&ttssts. I FIVE -REEKS' GENUINE S A L E, COMMENCING SEPT. 28TH, 1896. I This salB will not be extended beyond the time here giveo, neither will the prices be farther reduoed. LAVERTONS LIMITED, Prior to Alterations and Repair* AT TBlIB BRANCHES 23 DUKE-STREET, CARDIFF, AND 13 T COMMERCIAL-STREET, EWPORT, ARE NOW OFFERING THB WROLH OF THE "YALUABLE STOCKS # Of the late Finn of JJ^ E W I S AND T EWIS, AT AN JGNORMOUS SACRIFICE FOR CASH. Sate Prices of all Goods are Marked upon the Ticket* in Red Ink, so that customers can At once see how great are the bargains obtainable. Credit cannot be allowed on purchases all this Sale, utiles arrangements for same be made at the time of purchase, ■J^AVKRTONS J^IMITE D ARE NOW RJTHE LA RGEST HOUSE AND HOTEL jpURNISHERS IN THE EST OF tTNGLAND, BEING AN AMALGAMATION OF THE FOLLOWING WELL KNOWN FIRMS :— LAVERTON & CO., BRISTOL, LAVERTON & CO., CLIFTON. KNIGHT & SONS, BATH, LEWIS & LEWIS, CARDIFF, LEWIS & LEWIS, NEWPORT, WHO NOW TRADE UNDER THE ONE TITLE OF LAVERTONS IT IMITED, COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS. JGRISTOL, CLIFTON, JGATH, CARDIFF AND NEWPORT. 666.. (405 0 H O I C E FLOUR. NONF. BETTER THAN STANDARD JJRANDS. GRADES TO SUN AU. BUYERS. for.? THROUGHOUT SOUTH WAT.WS. WHOLKSALK^FROMj: J". REYNOLDS A CO. GLOUCESTER. 1290 T'n TS A JPREE COUNTRY. You may Pay More for Your VTt7 JNTER ^ILOTHTNG If yon Wish, but JYPSTERS & All Wool. 18 < 6H and 45"1. QVKRCOATS Win Tako SAW* ASTERS & 0°.:8 STJTTS At 21* 6'1 Ar Gnod Value J^TAflTETlS & QVERCOATS I Are W"rth Soeing. J^JTASTERS & SUITS Like Pinwire. M Å S T E H S & CO. S. 29, 30, ST. MARY-STRE iT 2B, BUTES'LHERT, I'ARDWF. 1, QUEl.N'STBEET I ^format of St. John's-square) J 1227 "I". ivl.'ÜH and COMPY., UNDERTAKERS, ADULTS' FUNERALS Ist. "W.I Best Glass-side hearse, or Victoria C-r,Two Beet Coaches and Pairs to Match, lin. j Klin Shell, full lined, fine, Satin-triuimed Robe, | 1.:n. outeide OAk Coffin (polished) with Best BrMII Furniture, Elaborate Name Plate (engraved). V.aarer#, *uid Self-attendance • £ 12 \& u hul (Haas, a* above, Without Shell and Beacon 9 9 • 1 nt Class, 11 n. dm Polished Coffin, with I Jtrtt& Fnrnifcuro and Carriages and At- tendance »-i Above 5 10 < With imitation Brass Furniture (En- craved Plato) 6 0 0 ClaB-i, With Shell ibier and Coach., 4 0 QUASI ADDRESS- I 80. ST. MARY-STRRKT, CARDIFF. 1329 TEETH.—Complete Set, One Guinea, JL five years' warranty. Goodman am Co., 1C, O&k^-strect and 56, Queep. street. Cardiff. 13041.1] 14 M PAINE & CO., BILL-POSTERS AND ADVERTISING AGENTS FOR AFIERDARE HIRWAIN, MOUNTAIN ASH. PENMIWCKIBKR AND DISTRICT. Agents for Guion and American Lines. MM ——— 1137 4NW9 61, DEAH-STREET, ABERDARE I Wuswss Abbrtssts. J) AVID Jgj v ANS & c 0.91 CARDIFF, LTD., feeg to announce that they have Q P E N E D A NEW R A P E R Y ESTABLISHMENT AT u E E N S-1 T R E E T, c ARDIFF. AND ARE SHOWING Novelbies in COLOURED DRESS GOODS. BLACK DRESS GOODS. SILKS AND VELVETS. GLOVES AND HOSIERY. EMBROIDERIES AND LACES. SHEETS AND QUILTS. SPECIAL PURCHASE OF FURS AND FUR GOODS, AND SEALSKIN JACKETS. QUEEN-STREET, CARDIFF. September, 1896. 4361 SPILLERS' SUPPORT LOCAL INDUSTRIES. NEPHEWS VERY SUPERIOR QUALITY FINE FLAVOUR. BISCUITS. TO BE OBTAINED OF ALL GROCERS. 4408 T 0 N E BROB-, JSons of the late Ald. Gains Augustus Stone), COMPLETE FUNERAL FURNISHERS AND FUNERAL DIRECTORS Every requisite for Funerals of all classes. Proprietors of Funeral Cars, Hearses, ShiUi- biers, and Coaches. Superb Flemish Bones, &c. Price List ou Application. Please Note the Ovry Address:— 5, WORKING-STREET Telegraphic Address:- "STONE BROS., CARDIFF.' 3773 CARDIFF E XHIBITIO N. c ROSSLEY'S "0 TTO" GAS E NG INE.S, LATEST TYPE, MAY BE SEEN RUNNING DAILY. Quotations, Plans, and References to users in all Trades on Application. CROSSLEY JJROTHSJRS, LIMITED. SOUTH WALES OFFICE: 22, MOUNT STUART-SQUARE CARDIFF. Tol#Mtns- OrTo, CAmt" Telephone No. 44. 1098 NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. Contributions sent to the South Wales Daily Keivt should be plainly written in ink, and invariably on rne side of the paper. We desire to urge upon our numerous correspondents the value of concise- ness and the desirability of curtailing the length of their communications. It cannot be too clearly understood that brief and pointed letters receive the Bret attention. All communications intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the write-, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. No notice will be taken of anonymous letten. Rejected communi- cations will not be returned.
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, DEATHS Notiees of Births., M&rruitjei, and Deaths, It each, if not exceeding 90 words, and 6d for each extra 10 words. BIRTH. RIYMONT.— Oct. 7th J at 90, Claude-road, Cardiff, the wife of Mr Thomas Raymont, of a daughter. 202 DEATHS. CHILDS.—Thomas Chilcls, at his residence, 32, Stuart- street, Cardiff, age 62. Will be long and deeply mourned by devoted wife and loving children. 208 GRIFFITHS -On the 16th September, in Lead City, Black Hills, South Dakota, U.S. America, Willie Griffiths, youngest son of Mr J. M. Griffiths, Penally Court, Tenby, aged 32 years. 137 MORGAN.-At Glynfach, Cymmer, Porth, October 5th, 1896, Frances, the beloved daughter of Ifor and Mary Morgan. Funeral Thursday at 2.30 p.m. for Trealaw Cemetery. Friends kindly accept this intimation. 969 MORGAN. -Saturday evening, October 3rd, 1896, at 63, Monk-street, Aberdare, aged 57, John Morgan, Builder and Contractor. Funeral Thursday next. startling at 2 p.m. for Aberdare Cemetery. Gentle- men only. 794e 4611 PHILLIPS.-On Oct. 6th, at Darran Las Cottage. Mountain Ash, Jane, the wife of Rhys Phillips, aged 66. Funeral on Saturday, for Llanwonno, 12 o'clock. No flowers. 131
The LONDON OFFICES of the South Wales Daily NelDB are at 46, Fleet-street (opposite Fetter-lane), where Advertisements are received up to 4.30:pm for insertion in the following day s issue. The South Wales Daily News may be obtained immedi- ately after the arrival of the 10.15 train at the Offices. 46, Fieet-street at Messrs W. H. Smith and Sons Bookstall. Paddington Station at Messrs Everett ml Son's, 17, Royal Exchange and at Messrs Kvorett and Son's, Salisbury-square, Fleet-street.
THE POSITION IN SOUTH WALES. CHURCH and chapel dignitaries are discuss- ing their particular ecclesiastical interests the Bishops, Canons, and other distinguished individuals being concerned about the National Church, and the Baptist Union speech-makers being occupied with particu- lar phases of missionary work. All these and many other good folk are greatly exercised about the misfortunes of Armenia and the Armenians, and the devilish doings of the homicidal maniac and the gang of mur- derous miscreants whom Europe maintains as rulers of Turkey. The Soudan furnishes food for thought, not un- mixed with fear,. in the minds of observers of public events. The American elections compel attention, too and the settling of Matabeleland, where RHODES still stays in safety while his tools and dupes linger in jail, has due heed. The CZA.B.'S tour and the Frenchmen's frenzy supply an object-lesson in the irony of history not less entertaining and instruc- tive than the daily progressive conversion of the British to pro-Russian sentiment and there are several more suggestive topics of comment. For to-day, however, we may turn to South Wales and find, in its con- dition and prospects, matter for considera- tion not less careful than that given to any or all the subjects named. Those will, or will not, settle themselves and the influence which South Wales could exercise upon any settlement is relatively small. Our own affairs are, however, more in our own hands and existing circumstances create a necessity for most earnest attention to them. Tin-platers, after a very long period of irregular employment and low wages, de- termined upon an attempt to obtain a higher rate of remuneration for their labour; and in this determination lie the seeds of future troubles. The colliers have just had another proof in a further re- duction of wages of the unsatisfactory con- dition of the great industry in which they are engaged and this state of things is made even more fully evident by the stoppage of more expensive collieries because the market price of coal has fallen below remunerative level worse than this, indeed, the case must be, for it is more costly to stop a colliery than to work it at a small loss on prices. All classes of sea. farers have for very long felt the pinch of slack employment and as this district depends so largely on the sea, and has so great a number of seafaring folk among its residents, these add to the depression- notwithstanding the current boom in freights and consequent increase in demand for ships and seagoers. Leaving, then, the things ecclesiastical, political, and partisan, it is worth while to look at home, make endeavour to realise the present position, and try to discern what promise of remedy the future offers. No one who watches the course of events can avoid a feeling of uneasiness that, unless matters improve, the colliers may, at no distant date, imitate the tinplaters so far as to make demands which the employers will declare it impossible to comply with, Already, the demand of a minimum wage has come up more than once the idea has found permanent lodgment, and it is fraught with grave consequences. Present experiences of the miners will make such an idea take firm root, for we learn that the earnings of good men do not at the present time average more thaa £1 per week, and that many are below this figure. Indeed, the chairman at Sir W. HARCOUKT'S meeting on Tuesday at Rhymney observed, amid the assenting cheers of his audience, that the men in that place were working only two or three turns a week, instead of six— and whilst he used this as a complete expo- sure of the stupid fiction that the Tories could produce good trade," 'as they had promised, we take the fact solely as indica- tive of the industrial position. Promise of remedy for the difficulties thus disclosed is offered in two forms on behalf of the trade in general, by Mr D. A. THOMAS'S scheme for preventing under-selling and on behalf of the low-paid wage-earners, by the scheme of Alliance framed by the miners' leaders. Both schemes will undoubtedly be assailed bat the great fact to be noted is, that the necessity is so pressing as to have produced such attempts at remedy, and we would urge therefore that both be considered with chief consideration to that necessity which has brought them forth. They should be regarded first of all as serious efforts to deal with a critical state of affairs and when all has been said against them the need for some scheme of remedy will still remain, and the futility of barren criticism will be only the more apparent. It is in the interests of trade as a whole that we plead for consideration. No doubt, all the good old stock phases will'be paraded, and that vapid floods of well-watered SMITH, RICARDO, MILL, and the rest, will be poured forth. We shall hear of the "laws which regulate, and the principles" which govern the 14 natural results of this, that, and the other and the in- evitable consequences of something else. No one but a fool, or ignoramus, would oppose economic laws and principles but the greater fool, because the greater ignor- amus, is the exponent and supporter of a supposed law or principle which is merely a bad generalisation. In approaching these questions of the industrial difficulties of South Wales, difficulties so various in form and so serious in their effects of the present and indications of the future, the risk is that many of those who will have decisive influence in discussion will hug, in superstitious reverence, a well-worn phrase which they suppose to embody an argu- ment, bat which is no argument at all. Phrases are powerful when not examined. But there are irreverent spirits who, venturing to examine what the ancient formulas mean, have discovered that they do not apply, or that modifying circumstances considerably limit their application to given conditions. The pro- posals which have to be considered should therefore be dealt with primarily with rela- tion to their intent. Conviction of the impracticability of any or even of all the suggestions does not extinguish the advisability of endeavouring to achieve the object which they aim at. The object in view is the greatest concern. Whatever shortcomings there may be, how. ever much amendment may be required, the discoverers of shortcoming may at least be ex- pected to suggest some form of amendment. To-day is the time of friendly disposition, courteous request for co-operation in dis- covery of remedy for hardships that are severe. To-morrow a very different spirit may be abroad.
CARDIFF CORPORATION OFFICIALS. Iu a Corporation offioa economists find a happy and unbounded hunting ground, a topic nob only for every-day use, but a telling subject for November elections. The ratepayers thus hear a good deal of one side of the question, and little of the other. Now, however, there arises an opportunity for closely examining the officials' side. The four chief departments at Cardiff, through their principals, have pretty clearly demonstrated to the Council that if the municipal work of the town is to be discharged in a proper and business- like manner, staffs sufficient to cope with the increase must be furnished. Cardiff increases rapidly in size, more rapidly than any other town, and every thou- sand increase in the population means so much more work in the municipal offices. Three years ago the Town Clerk's staff was larger than it is at presenh and now the special committee appointed to deal with the subject have been told that the powers given by the 1894 Bill will lapse unless time and help are given the officials to take the matter in hand. The com- mittee meetings, too, have increased enormously in number and length of sittings and all this entails extra labour which the Corporation must be prepared to appoint clerks to undertake. It is notorious at present that the Town Clerk's staff has been working at high pressure for some two or three years and. much as they may be in. terested in their work, it cannot be expected that they will go on in this way for ever. Anyone conversant with municipal work will know that more assistance is needed and what any ordinary business firm would do is now being done by the Corporation. This matter may hasten the Town Hall question, for the Borough Treasurer (Mr Greenhill) says he is very badly in need of more clerks, but if he gets them he has no place in which they can work, his space being already overtaxed.
A TOBACCO MANUFACTORY FOR CARMARTHEN. A tobacco manufactory is about to bn started at Carmarthen, it being believed by the enter- prising tradespeople, who are fixing up the expensive plant in one of the busiest thorough- fares of the borough, that there is a good field down West for an industry of this character. In other parts of Wales at least one similar concern has, with capital and energetic push, drawn a great number of paying customers; and there is nothing specially to hinder the progress of this unique undertaking at Carmarthen. In the face of a large initial outlay there is scarcely any fear of opposition. It is not like the opening of a small business where competition is easy of establishment and altogether destructive in effect. Such a difficulty will not be faced by tobacco manufacturers. In order to make their venture succeed, however, they might do well to imitate firms that have profited by experience. In many districts small shopkeepers have shares in a company of tobacco manufacturers, and in this way they are induced to sell well. Thus the particular weed is thoroughly and cheaply adver- tised, and in this case, at all event4, the returns do not. end in smoke.
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION-AT CARDIFF. LIST OF AWARDS. ThwCardiff Technical Instruction Committee at its meeting on Tuesday night considered the qualifications of candidates as deoided by examination for the free studentships established in connection with the school and tenable for three years, value £25 a year, with free tuition at the University College. The studentships were awarded to Miss Annie C. McBachran, Miss Ada M. Ridler, Mr Noah Davies, Miss Evelyn L, Davies, and Miss Jessie Rogers. The committee also awarded cookery free studentships of the value of 16 guineas, tenable at the South Wales and Monmouthshire Training School of Cookery and the Domestic Arts to the following ladies :-Miss Muriel Marson, Miss J essie Padfield, and Miss Laura Hurford. A list of the awards of the evening free studentships and medals will be published later.
■ „ DEPRESSED AGRICULTURE. EARL COVENTRY FOR PROTECTION. Earl Coventry (Master of her Majesty's Buck- hounds), at a dinner of the Royal South Bucks Agricultural Association on Wednesday, said he thought agricultural depression might be summed up in the low price of wheat. He thought if wheat were 40s a quarter nobody would suffer in the slightest degree. Agri- cultural labourers would return from the towns, where they had been driven for want of employ- ment, and the country would be more prosperous. In France and Germany—Protective countripi- agriculture was never more flourishing.
Miss BRADDON'S CHARMING STOBY, entitled "The Little Auntie," will be commenced in the columns of the Cardiff Times and South WaUt WuMy News ot Saturday QVIJ. Vttebfil' Mth.
WAGES QUESTION. FROM THE EMPLOYERS' VIEW COMPARATIVE STATISTICS. TO THE KDITOR. SrR,-In your issue ot to-day you publish a communication from A Special Correspondent" setting forth the conditions under which the workmen in the trade have handed in a month's notice to their employers cf their intention to revert to the wages list of 1874. He is undonbtedly correct, in the main, in his allusion to the continual struggles between employers and employed until the 1874 list was adopted. It is the old story that is continually told to the traders of this country, and apparently without their being any the wiser for it. A certain trade commands a monoply. It is but human nature to endeavour to make the most out of it. Others seeing the good thing go in for it until over production tells its inevitable tale. Then comes the fight between capital and labour, for what each daiins to be a fair living wage." In the tinplate trade this position has been aggravated by the principal customer, the United States, establishing manufactories on its own account, and thereby greatly reduoing its demand upon the South Wales monopoly manufacture. In face of this the questions are What is a fair living wage for the workmen in the tinplate trade ? What do they earn under present conditions? How do they oompare with other skilled work-, men ? Special Correspondent" writes :— "The average earnings of the roller-the best- paid man—is said to be 22 or J32 5s per week. Taking the general earnings to be £2, it will be seen that 15 per cent, off leaves a man with JB1 14a per week, and the contention of the weik is that £114.. per week does not enable them to maintain themselves as should be-whose labour destroys their physical power. That they cannot follow their employment after they get to some 45 years of age." Permit me, in answer to this estimated earning, to submit the monthly earnings of all workmen in a works that has worked with great regularity. May I particularly call attention to the fact that the Industrial World admits the American standard is 52% boxea per shift. The inference is that if that quantity is made by Welshmen in America they surely can make) it at home in those works that have modern machinery. However, the following earnings are on 45 and 40 boxes per shift, under the 1874 list of wages :— ) MONTHLY WAGES.-MAKE OF 45 BOXES PER SHIFT. f MnVa Wages v Hours Hours Rate Wages Wages per Hour Occupation. per per Mnnth oi Wa(?es Por „Per at 40 Shifts. gjjift Month Paid. Month. Hour. Boxes Boxes- per Shift I S; d. P, s. d. s. d. s. d. Roller 21-55 8 173 960 3 5 per day 15 13 4 1 7-18 1 6-M Doubler 21'33 8 171 960 2 9 „ 11 0 0 1 3-43 1 H71 Furnacer 2133 8 171 960 2 7 „ 10 6 8 1 2*5 1 0-88 Behinder 21 33 8 171 960 1 3 i( 5 0 0 0 701 0 6-23 Shearer 24 8 192 2,880 1 1 „ 13 0 0 H'25 1 2-44 ■ Opener 24 8 192 1,440 6 3 per 100 4 10 0 0 5 62 0 4 99 I Head Annealer 2* 8 182 8,640 2 11 „ 12 12 0 1 3-75 1 2 Assistant Annealer 24 8 192 8,640 2 li 9 1 9 0 11-35 0 10-08 Packer 24 8 192 8,640 1 8i „ 7 5 9 C 91 0 8*08 A shorter 24 8 192 8,880 0 1 perbos 12 0 0 1 3 1 1-33 Tinman. 24 9 216 960 0 3 12 0 0 1 1 33 0 11 81 Washman 24 9 216 960 0 3 12 0 0 1 1-33 0 11-84 Riser 24 9 216 960 0 1 4 0 0 0 444 0 394 Rubber 24 9 216 960 7 0 perlOO 37 2 0 3-73 03-31 Reckoner 24 9 216 8,640 10 s, 4 6 4 0 4'79 0 4 26 ^i^nrweV78} 24 192 8,640 ° 1117 7 12-81 1 Wfr^e P°icklerMan AS8iSt"} 24 8 192 — 6 8 per day 8 0 0 0 10 0 10 Now, on a reduction of lo per cent, or even 25 per cent. upon these wages, the roller has no fear of dropping to the £ 1 14s per week." Special Correspondent" names. Compare the earnings of men in the above list with some other skilled workmen. Fitters, smiths, moulders at 7 1 9d per hour for a nine-hours day. Masons (working in all weabhers) and car. penters and joiners at 8d per hour for a nine-hours day. Colliers, with all their risks and disoomforts, at a wage of 43 2d to 4s 6d for an eight-hours day. And^obher journeymen who might be quoted, and the tinplate workers seem particularly well off. If by "average" earnings "Special Correspondent" means to take into consideration shorb time through irregular working owing to state of trade it must be pointed out that) the employer suffers in common with the men, and that the tradesmen I have compared suffer in like manner in their different callings. As the tinplate workmen now desire to reverb to the 1874 list the point may be worth considering- Can the employers afford this rate now as they could then? I have not the advantage of exact figures before me, but I am very near the mark in quoting as follows .1874. 2 S. d. £ s. d. Pit! iron began the year at 6 12 6 ended at 4 2 6 Puddled coke bars „ 10 0 0 6 0 0 Charcoal bars „ 17 0 0 t, 15 0 0 Tin „ 119 0 0 92 10 0 Small coal „ 0 11 3 „ 0 9 6 Thro' and thro' do. „ 0 18 0 M 0 14 6 Coke 1 12 6 0 19 0 Coke tinplates per box „ 19 0 „ 17 0 Charcoal „ „ » 1 16 6 „ 1 15 0 To-day's prices, per ton. £ s. d. Pig iron 210 6 Sheet tinplate ba- n 4 5 0 'inn 57 2 6 Small coal 0 5 0 Xbro'and thro' do. 0 7 0 Coke tinplates 0 9 9 In face of this it is plain they cannot, as many are now working at a heavy loss. Under the same heading as Special Corres- pondent's communication is an announcement of the closing of Messrs Morewood'n Works at Gas City, Indiana, "owing to tha stagnation of business." If American works, on a standard of 52% boxes per shift, cannot keep going, how can Welsh works on a standard of 45 ? "Special Correspondent" also' mentions the doubt expressed that the 1874 list, if obtained, can be maintained, and that wages will revert to the present condition before long. Why, then, are the workmen so misled as to grasp at the Bowers that will bub wither in their bands ?—I am. too. HOMOCEA. Swansea, Oob. 56b, 1896.
SITUATION AT LLANELLY. Our Llanelly correspondent telegraphs The straggle for the restoration of the 1874 list.bas undergone a material change at Llanelly, the Old Castle men having withdrawn their notices. DIVIDED COUNSELS IN DEAN FOREST. Whibt obe Lydney-ou-Severn tinplaters (says a Forest of Dean corespondent) have joined the great majority, and have signed notices which are already pub into the masters' hands, to come out on strike at the end of the month, unless the 1874 list is restored, those working at the Lyd- brook Mills, also the property of Messrs R. Thomas and Company, have declined to follow that course. There is a strong opinion amongst the Lydbrook men that they are not in the position to riak the stoppage of the works, as they fear it may possibly result in the (dosing down of the mills. At the same time they have gone thus far: they are prepared to join some other mills in South Wales, which tbey say are similarly placed to themselves, and to act upon their action whatever that may be. This decision on their part has oaused some heartburnings amongst the Lydney men, who aforetime have bad occasion to regret the action of the Wyesiders, and it is said that some efforts may be made to induoe their fellow-working men in the Forest to go with them for the 1874 list.
PROPOSED TRAMWAY FOR BARRY. Counoillor. J. H. Jose, vice-chairman of the Barry District Council, has given formal notice to the clerk of that body of the advisability of constructing a line of tramways for the con- venience of the inhabitants of that place.
WALES IN LONDON. [BY OCR LONDON WELSH CORRESPONDENT.) A rather curious old will case, in which Mr Allen Upward was concerned, was heard in the Royal Courts of Justice a day or two ago. The will was that of a Mrs Vaughau, who died in the early part of the century, before the Wills Act, a circumstance which caused the case- to attract some attention in legal circles. Certain trusts having expired, a fund had to be distributed among the descendants of the testatrix, of whom Mr Allen Upward is a great- great-grandson. The counsel consulted by the trustee having advised that Mr Upward's branoh of the family was not entitled to participate in the distribution, Mr Upward who, as we all know, is a barrister as well as a novelist, went into the matter, formed a different opinion, and took the case himself into Court, where he secured a decision from Mr Juetioe Cbitty in his favour. The two Welsh members of Parliament, Mr Herbert Lewis and Mr Lloyd George, who with their friend Mr J. H. Dalziel. M.P.. are spending the reoess in Buenos Ayres, from whence they hope to reach the valley of the Ohubut, where a thriving Welsh colony is settled, were startled at Babia by the announcement that the English fleet and five American warships had sailed up the Dardanelles and had knocked the Sultan's palace aboub his ears They were disappointed to discover at Rio do Janeiro that it was the usurping Sultan of Zanzibar whom Great Britain bad been calling to account.
ROYALTY AT NORWICH. A BUSY DAY. The Prince of Wales, the Duke and Duchess of York, and Princess Louise attended the Norwich Musical Festival on Wednesday and board Mackenzie's Rose of Sharon in the morning, and a miscellaneous concert in the evening. Though the visit was of a private character, the main streets were decorated. Between the concerts the Prince of Wales, as the Grand Master, held a special Provincial Grand Lodge of Freemasons, and unveiled a bust of Lord Sheffield, Provincial Grand Master, which had been subscribed for by all the Norfolk Lodges. There was a big muster of Masons, and three Peers acted as stewards. During the day the members of the Royal party visited the Soldiers' Home and Cathedral, and dined at the County Club, returning to Sandringham late at night.
SOUTH RHONDDA COLLIERY. We understand that Messrs A. W. 'lVaves, Cardiff, and Messrs Franklin Evans and Co., Swansea, have been appointed agents for the South Rhondda Colliery Company, Limited, vice Messrs Blendell Broa.. Oardiff.
FREE LABOUR ASSOCIATION, THE CONGRESS CONCLUDED, The congress of the National Free Laboni Association was continued on Wednesday in Manchester, Mr Chandler in the ohair. — A resolution was passed approving the principles of conciliation and arbitration, but objecting to interference ot leading members of the Adminis- tration as introducing State interference between master and man. A further resolution was passed urging the Government not to introduce an Employers' Liability Bill without safeguarding the interests of workmen who support mutual insurance societies which exist between themselves and their employers,-It was decided to bold next year's meeting in London. The congress dosed with the usual votes of thanks.
THE CHURCH CONGRESS. INTERESTING DISCUSSION. The Church Congress held numerous secbioaal meetings on Wednesday. At one there was a discussion on the bearing of the theory ui evolution on Christian doctrine. The paper read admitted bhe necessity of abandoning the literal interpretations of Old Testament narratives, but upheld the unaseailability of the New Testament teaching. At another meeting arguments were brought forward for granting to the Convocation powers of initiating legislation on the Church's internal affairs, to be made effective by an order in Council. At this and at a subsequent meeting it was argued that before Convocation could be entrusted with such functions it must be reformed by securing a full representation of ths laity as well as tbe clergy with effective voting power. Another section discussed the relation of Voluntary schools to elementary eduoation j and still another the Benefices Bill. In the evening there was at a men's meeting a discussion on the Church's law of marriage especially in relation to divorce. At a women's meeting muoh was said about the effective aid which a discreet and energetic clergyman's wife oould give her husband in bis parochial work.
THE CBADDOCK WELLS ICKDOWMENT. i No town in the United Kingdom has more eason to be proud of its educational advantages and facilities which are afforded even to the poorest scholar than Cardiff. Its system of elementary schools are the admiration and envy of many other towns, whilst bho facilities afforded scholars of obtaining a first-class education, and even securing a University degree, are equalled in few other places. A child, provided he is endowed with ability, can rise from the elementary school to the University with little or no outlay on the part of his parents. One of the greatest aids in this direction is the Craddock Wells Scholarships, which people in Cardiff are beginning to appreciate at their true value. How useful these are may be judged from a letter which Mr James Waugh, M A., headmaster of the Higher Grade School, forwarded to the governors who have the management of this oharity. In this letter Mr Waugh says that in spite of an unusually keen competition this year for the open scholarships at the University College entrance examinations, Thomas B. Davies, a Craddock Wells scholar, secured first place. Reference is also made to other successes of similar students in the same examination, and the letter adds that of five Higher Grade scholars who have gained premier honours in the same examination since 1889, four were holders of Oraddock Wells scholarships. Thus has Cardiff every reason to be proud of the almost unequalled advantges which it holds out to itp children to rise in the educa- tional world, and to be well pleased at the reform in administration of these funds which has placed such advantages within reach of the poorest.
DAMAGING SHRUBS AND TREKS. Next to damaging valuables and scarce books in a public library, one of the greatest nuisances are those people who deliberately damage shrubs and trees. Oue of these delinquents was before the Aberdare magistrates on Tuesday, and it was pointed out that the Aberdare Council had spent thousands of pounds on the park, and that these acts of depredations were very common. Anyone found guilty might be sent to prison for three months without the optnon of a fine. This should be a warning to those whose fingers seem to itch to destroy valuable property destined for publio gratification.
A LOVING CUP FOR CARDIFF. GENEROSITY OF LORD BUTE. The Town Clerk, at the meeting of the Cardiff Property and Markets Committee on Wednedsay, stated that on the 12th of September Lord Bute expressed a wish that the five figures upon the loving cup should be re-enamelled, and suggested that they should be sent to some eminent firm for that purpose, his Lordship promising to defray all expenses in connection therewith. It was decided to leave the matter in the hands of the town clerk, and to tender cordial thanks to Lord Bate for his kindness.
-=. DON'T lunch or dine withoat asking for tbenew French Bread. DeUcious eating, and eaaily digested. Send postcard for van to call to T. Stevens, French Confectioner, 1U2, Queen-street. 4423 A GREAT INJUSTICE IS very often done because some self-assertive people imagine it is next to im- possible to make an error. Shakespeare must have made an analyt,ical study of the human heart before he uttered those warning wOlda, Man know thyself, then others learn to know." This is a lesson we should all try and perfect ourselves in, and when this has been done we have to face the significant fact t.ba. unless we cultivate good health, prosperity and happiness cannot abide with us. Holloway's Pills will aid to do this. The most eminent medical men agree that for the preservation of good health and cure of that for the preservation of good health and cure of di sease there 'a nothing to equal them.
LORD KENSINGTON I DEAD. SUDDENLY EXPIRED WHILST SHOOTING. A LOSS TO WALES AND LIBERALISM. AN INTERESTING CAREER. Lord Kensington, who was on a visit to Floors Castle, Roxburghshire, died very suddenly on Wednesday afternoon whilst shooting at Crooked- shanks, Yetbolm. His Lordship, who appeared to be in his usual health, drove out with a shooting party in the morning, and in the afternoon, while crossing a fence, he suddenly dropped down and expired. So sudden was the fatal seizure that his Lordship had breathed his last almost before those imme- diately following him could get to his aide. Dr. Rutherford, of Kelso, has viewed the body, and is understood to have no doubt that death was due to heart disease. Lord KeusinRtou lealJ for many years in the Houseof Commons, haviug been returned in 1868 for Haverfordwest, which he represented until 1885. He was unsuccessful in a contest for the Hornsey Division of Middlesex in that year, and upon Mr Gladstone recovering power for a tew months in 1886 he was made a Peer of the United Kingdom and given office as a Lord-in-Waiting to her Majesty. He was, indeed, a Groom-in-Waiting as long ago as 1873, and in the Parliament of 1880-5 served all Comptroller of the Queen's Household. It is, however, chiefly as a Liberal Whip, which office he served in virtue of his Court wand, that he will be remembered by our older Parliamentary hands. He was bracketed with Mr Adam in all the divisions which closed Mr Gladstone's Government of 1868-74, and in the Conservative Parliament of 1874-80. Lord Kensington was a man of extraordinary personal energy, and in one sense a serious politician. Ib may be said of him that, with Sir Charles Dilke and Mr Thomas Ellis (the present Liberal Whip), he was one of the three mosb rapid walkers known to Westminster in the last 25 years. To those he liked Lord Kensington was geniality itself. As a rule be was a severe disciplinarian, and took but unkindly to the gossip and social life of the Lobby. He took, for example, an austere view of the duties of a Whip, and on one occasion, while doing patrol service, had a rencontre with ia well-known follower of Mr Gladstone, a Welsh representative, though not strictly a Welshman, in the present House. The hon. member wished to leave the House. Lord Kensington declined to allow him to pass through the door. The hon. gentleman con- tested the way, and the Whip had to surrender the road. Lord Kensington seldom revisited the House of Commons after his elevation to the Peerage, but one night last Session, when the crisis on the Irish Land Bill seemed to be acute, he looked down from the Peers' Gallery. He remained faithful to Mr Gladstone on Home Rule, aud died a Liberal. In appearance his Lordship was not a man of whom sudden death would be expected, and he wPl be a distinct loss to his Leader in the Upper House whom he served as Whip.
BOARD OF TRADE RETURNS. INCREASE IN IMPORTS AND EXPORTS. The Board of Trade Returns issued on Wed- nesday show that the imports for September amounted to £ 33,111,156 against £ 30,618,854 in September 1895, an increase of 92,492,302, The imports for the nine months were L316,368,471, against £ 303,935,714, showing an increase of 912,432,757. The exports for September were 219,797,080, compared with 219,461,940 in September, 1895, the increase being £ 335,140. The exports for the ninemonths were;2180,436,165, compared with £ 166,620,437 in the corresponding period last year, shewing an increase of fj3,815,716,
WAGES AGITATION IN THE ENGINEERING TRADE. FURTHER EXTENSION. Following upon their successes at Manchester the Operative Engineering Societies on Wed- nesday issued a circular to the employers in Wolverhampton and district asking for an advance of 29 per week. The societies responsible for the circular are understood to be the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, the Steam Engine Makers, and the Pattern Makers. A circular asking for a similar advance has also been issued by the Society of Toolmakers, Engineers, and Machinists, and it is reported that one or two Wolverhampton employers of the latter have already given a halfpenny per how advance. GRE FIRE AT LLANELLY.
OIL WORKS DESTROYED. A fire occurred at the New Dock Grease and Oil Works on Wednesday evening. The building was practically gutted. The cause of the con- flagration is not yet known. The stock of grease has been completely destroyed. Ib is not yet known whether the works were insured. The fire brigade were soon on the spot and were engaged until after midnight. The proprietors are Messrs Jenkins and Sons, Aberavon.
SOUTH WALES UNIVERSITY COLLEGE COUNCIL. A meeting of the Council of the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire was held on Wednesday afternoon, under the presi- dency of Lord Tredegar. There were also present Mr Alfred Thomas. M.P.. Dr. W. Price, Mr C. T. Whitmell, Mr H. M. Thompson, Mr Councillor John Daniel, Professor Thompson, the Rev. David Evans, Mr Alderman Sanders, Dr. Sheen, Dr. W. T. Edwards, Mr John Gunn, Mr John Duncan, Mr Alderman W. J. Trounce, the Principal, Dr. Treharne, the Rev. Principal Edwards, and Mr J. A. Jenkins (registrar). It was resolved to place the college library at the disposal of the Association of Organising Secre- taries and Directors for Technical and Secondary Education on the occasion of their visit to Cardiff on thg 16th of October. The other business w., of a routine character.
The Cardiff Corporation pays £250 a year in insurance premiums. Said a Cockney who had been touring in North Wales:—"The route I took from Portmadick was through Quilog to Llandudnaw and Rhyl, and down to Baila and Doljely, where I saw Rayada Mawdack and Rayada Doo (Ddu)." Mr Arthur Williams, son of bis Honour Judge Gwilym Williams, and who holds a commission in the Army, is to be married during the month, and the inhabitants of the ancient borough of Llanbrisanu are arranging for a suitable celebration of the interesting event. The most gratifying success has attended the Intermediate School for Girls at Cardiff. There are now on the books no fewer than 216 scholars, and this number would have been greater had not a number of girls left to join the schools which have been recently opened nearer their own homes. Heard on a Cardiff 'bus. First visitor from the West to second ditto Girt lot of foak about, Jarge." Yes, it be Muggin's day." What be that ?" Fust Monday m month a day off fur miners." Who be Muggins V Th' chap as got 'em the day." Why do 'ee call'n Mug- gins, then V' Dunno. S'pose t'other measters calls un that." Though the Welsh language has died out in parts of Gwent, yet a few Welsh words may be found to testify to Cymru fu." Around the Llanthony district they have no English word for peat; the old Welsh word mawn still lingers on, and is spelt as such, only that tbe inhabitants prononnce it so as to rhyme with the English word lawn." The promoters of the semi-national eisteddfod, annually held at Porth in aid of the Cottage Hospital, can apparently give points to those connected with the management of the national event. The balance-sheet for the two days festival held last May has just been published, showing a handsome balance of £26O! The total receipts amonnted to J3916 Is. How far is the tonio sol-fa system of music to be credited with the freedom of Wales from crime! Its supporters evidently believe there is a connection between tbe two, and at the North Wales Tonic Sol.fa Conference on Tuesday, tbe Chairman declared that "tonio sol-fa had done much to make Wales into" Hen wlad y menyg gwynion (The land of the white gloves). ■■ One of the standing jokes of the Cardiff Corporation is the disapproval of plans of buildings submitted by Mr Solomon Andrews. Ib seems to follow as a matter of course that they should be disapproved upon their first appearanoe, but the other day there was something like a sensation in the committee room when the borough engineer reported that there were no objections to some plans submitted for the first time by the enterprising Cardiffian. The dramatic coincidence of a thunderstorm breaking over the Cardiff Eisteddfod on Monday just as the Llanelly choir were singing Handel's chorus, When His loud voice in thunderspoke," had a parallel at a concert given by Caradog and his famous choir at Caerphilly Castle many years ago, just on the eve of the Crystal Palace contest. The choir had just commenced the Hailstone Chorus, when a" territic thunderstorm passed over the town in a manner that awed both choristers and congregation. One of the oldest, if not actually the oldest. Freemason in South Wales and Monmoubbshire is the Worshipful Bro. Dr. W. W. Morgan, J.P., of Newport, who a little over a fortnight ago celebrated his 87th birthday. A capital portrait of the Grand Old Man of Monmouthshire Masons is given in the current number of the Crajtsman, and in an accompanying sketch reference is made to the fact that he was the first Provincial Grand Secretary of Monmouthshire, under Colonel Kemeys-Tyute, early in the forties.
ARCHDEACON GRIFFITHS. The marks of time increase, reveal the ace-- The sere, autumnal period of decline, When rest is needed, and when men recline, Yet in his heart—where no wild passions rage- There is a fire which nothing can assuage. It kindles love for man, shows every sigh Of patriotism. Into strains superbly fine It breaks, Welsh eloquenoe divinely sage. The drowsiest audience he can keep awake, So lively is the soul that dwells in him. So grand the flow of speech to the brim Doth fill and satisfy. When we partake Of his rich thoughts we have a glorious feast, And for another long wheu it has ceased. SILURIAN. The old people in tha Fro were much given to writing epitaphs. The following is one which was composed by a wag on the death of ft noted Old character in the neighbourhood :— Yma. gorwedd Mart salw Dan y gareg hon yn farw Os car hi'r bedd fel carodd hi'r gwely Hi fydd ddiwedda'n adgyfodi. (Here are buried beneath these stones Poor old Mary's tired bones If she loves the vrave as she loved her bed, She will be the last of the risen dead). Mary was evidently a near relation of the old lady whose epitaph reads Weep not tor me, friends, though death do us sever, for I'm going to do nothing for ever and ever." Mr Hughes, the agent of Sir Wm. Harcourt in West Monmoubh, has won general encomiums for the arrangements made with regard to the recent meetings, and particularly for the wise course adopted in putting up the distinguished speaker early in the evening, and thus enabling telegrapbio reports of his speech, which had to be sent to all parts of the United Kingdom, to be gob away in something like reasonable time. All others who have to arrange meetings of this class might well take a hint from Mr Hughes in this respeot. Sir Wm. Harcourt was to have driven over the mountain from Ebbw Vale to Rhymney on Tuesday, but wind and rain dashed so violently over the heights that he had to engage a special train for his party. This is the second special train Sir William has had on this visit, for on Monday the Portsmouth train, having arrived at Newport too late to make the connection with the valley train, the G.W.R. authorities courteously ran up a special for the Liberal leader's convenience. There were terrible times at Ebbw Vale on Monday night, especially for reporters and telegraphists, for all the beds in the place had been taken, and in the pouriug rain visitors had to wander around for shelter, It is said that ten unfortunates had one billiard table between them, but this is an exaggeration. It is, however, a fact that at half-past 12 one hotel keeper had ten applicants for room. By dint of placing two in a bed, and using up all sofas aud couches, the billiard-room occupants were reduced to four. Nor was even this the worst. Feeding time at Ebbw Vale was not exactly a fight for food, but when it comes to 15 hungry men trying to satisfy tbeir appetite in a room 12 feet by 9, matters are a little jammed, even when the table is left out of account, and the table was a very impor- tant item just then. Why the Post Office authorities should not provide in advance for the accommodation of their emissaries is a mystery. For the Pressmen, of course, there need be no sympathy—they always take care of themselves, and deserve what tbey get, even if they don't always get what they deserve. N.B.—It was not the Pressmen who oame out at the wrong end of this tussle. The old legend of Dwynwen, the Celtic Venus, Is not generally known, though it is one of the most interesting stories of love and Wales. Maelon Dafodrill, a Welsh Prince, fell in love with Dwynwen, one of the beautiful daughters of Brychan Bryoheiniog. The love was mutual, but the stern parent had already arranged a marriage between his daughter and another Prince, and Maelon's proposal was rejected. This angered Maelon Dafodrill, who left his lady-love, and in bitterness of soul aspersed her. Dwynwen was so distressed that she went to a lonely woodland and there prayed that God would cure her of love. after which she fell asleep. In her sleep an angel administered a delicious tion to ber which quite fulfilled her wishes. But in a dream Dwynwen observed thab the same liquid administered to Maelon Dafodrill oaused him to be transformed or frozen to a block of ice. The angel then desired her to express three wishes, and the first was thatiMaelon should be unfrozen, which after all proved that she still had a place in her heart for the old love. The second wish of Dwynwen was that her snpplica. tions in favour of all true lovers, who should either obtain the object of their affection or be cured 'of love. Thirdly, thab she should never wish to be married. The three wishes were granted, and Dwynwen henceforth devoted herself to a religious life. From that time faithful lovers who invoked her were either cured of love or obtained the objeot of his or her affection. In the North the shrine of Dwynwen was at the churoh of Llandwynwen, in Mona, and her com- memoration occurred on the 25th of January. In the South the bards regarded ber sbrine to be r the Tresillian Cave.
NEWS IN BRIEF. Lord Congleton is still in a very critical state. The Duke and Duchess of Connaught left Dover yesterday for the Continent. The improvement in the condition of Mu Bernard Beere is being maintained. General Sir James Abbott died on Tuesday at Ryde; Deceased, who was nearly 90 years ot age, saw distinguished service in India. Mr 0* E. Shaw, M.P., and Professor Howe, who met with a serious carriage accident on Tuesday at Stafford, are both doing well. M< Shaw left the infirmary for his home yesterday. The directors of the Highland Railway yester- day appointed Mr P. Drummond, of the Caledonian Railway Company, locomotive super. intendent in succession to Mr Jones, who is retiring in consequence of failing health. Mr Francis Pattrick, M.A., tutor of Magdalen College, Cambridge, died suddenly on Tueeda; night after spending an evening with the Master of Trmity Hall. Deoeased was eighth wrangle: in 1861. The new third-class cruiser Pelorus, having made good the defects in her steering gear. left Sbeerness yesterday to carry out trials. After passing the Nore she developed a defect in her machinery, and had to return to Sheerness. Mr George Du Manner's condition showed a change for the worse yesterday afternoon. Towards evening he rallied somewhat, and was able to get some sleep. The extreme weakness ot the patient, in conjunction with tbe otMonty ot any improvement in his condition, is looked upon as a very grave symptom. Sir Edward Hunter Blair, Bart., died no Blairquhar Castle, Ayrshire, yesterday, aged 79. His eldest son is the Rev. Father Hunter Blair, who some years ago went over to the Bomu Catholic Chnroh, and is now well known as Father Hunter Blair at the Monastery, Fort Augustus, Scotland. Mr Doxford, M.P., was being driven in < hansom to the railway station at Sunderland yesterday, when the axletree broke, and the body of the vehicle fell to the ground. The horse took fright, and, struggling to get away, kicked in the front of the cab. Mr Doxford, though in imminent danger, managed to get clear of the wreckage without injury. The first inspection of the Portsmouth Garrison by Field-Marshal Lord Wolseley took place yesterday morning. He was accompanied by Sir Redvers Buller (Adjutant-General), and Sir Evelyn Wood (Quartermaster-General). They were received by General Davis, commanding the Southern District, and the staff. Three thousand men paraded, but rain robbed the review of its interest.
LIVERPOOL'S COMMERCE. STRANGLED BY RAILWAY CHARGES. At a meeting of the Liverpool City Contrail 08 Wednesday, in a discussion on the dock and river dues and competition of the Ship Canal, 811 W. Forward said the trade of Liverpool wai being strangled by the railway companies with excessive charges for merchandise between Liver* pool and Manchester. The only remedy was the making of a plateway for goods between the two cities. This would cost two millions; and, it the Manchester Corporation could spend fifteen millions to help the Ship Canal, the Liverpool Corporation oould suroly spend two millions to safeguard its trade. The speech was received with great enthusiasm.
..A- LOCKED IN SCHOOL ALL NIGHT. Quite a sensation was caused inOldbury on Taea. day morning, when it became known that a little boy, only four years old, had been locked all night in the National Schools. The child, ib appears, was sent to school as usual on Monday afternoon, but as he displeased the teacher it is said he was placed in a corner in the olass-room as a punishment. The olass-room was locked by the teacher after school was over, and the little boy was entirely forgotten. As he did not return home a search was made and the bellman was sent round, but no tidiugs of him were heard until Tuesday morning, when the caretaker oame to olean the schools. The child was then found asleep with hIs head on his hands in the corner. His eyes were much swollen with crying.