SIR JAMES BAIN, M.P. Sir Ja7iiei Bain, of 3, Park terrace, Glasgow, and Crofthead. Harring- ton, Cumberland, who suc- ceeds the late Right Hon. G. A. F. Cavendish-Ben- tinck in the representa.tion of Whitehaven, is the son of the late Mr Robert Bain, of Glasgow, and was born in 1818. He thus en- ters the House of Com- mons at the mature age of 73. He was educated at Glasgow University, and is an ironmaster. From 1874 till 1877 he filled the office of Lord Provost of Glasgow, receiving the honour of knighthood in the latter year. He is a magistrate for Cumberland and Renfrewshire, a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for Lanarkshire, a Fellow of the Royal Society of England, and a director of the Drake Walls United Tin and Copper Mining Company. Sir James Bain, who married Mary, daughter of Mr John Dore, of Glasgow, was left a widower so long back as 1354. He, with his partners, is now proprietor of the White- haven Collieries, a lease oi which he acquired a few years ago from the Earl of Lonsdale. He is a large employer of labour, and possesses, from this and other reasons, great local influence. He is new to parliamentary life, although at the general election of 1880 he unsuccessfully contested Glasgow in the Conservative interest. His return upon the present occasion makes no differ- ence in tho balance of political parties in the House of Commons, the late Air Cavendisli- Bentinck (who represented Whitehaven from 1865, or for fully a quarter of a century) having- also been a Conservative.
THE NEW'BUS COMPANY AT CARDIFF. Three 'buses for the new Cardiff 'Bus Company arrived on Sunday evening by the steamer from Glasgow. They are splendid three-horse vehicles, with capacity for 34 passengers each and the company have secured them as a great bargain, paying less than half the amount they cost to build, a short time ago. As showing the difference between rail and water carriage, it may be mentioned that whereas 29 10s each would have been the cost of carriage per rail from Glasgow, the steamers brought them for JB4. 10s each. The new company will have their penny ride ending at the foot or t!ie lireat n estern approach. ineoid company have never been able to realize that their practice of ending the ride at Wood-street was a great inconvenience to intend- ing railway travellers, who oftentimes have to cover the distance between Wood-street and the Monument laden with packages or hampered by children perhaps both.
POCKET-PICKING IN A PONTYPRIDD TRAIN. At the Ystrad police-court on Monday-before Mr Ignatius Williams, stipendiary magistrate- William Harrington, lodging at Ferndale, was charged with stealing a watch, the property of John Duffy, residing at Cymmer, near Porth. It appeared that about 12 p.m. on the 3rd inst. prosecutor fell asleep soon after entering a third- class compartment at Pontypridd Railway Sta- tion. The train was half-an-hour late. Prisoner and a companion named Mark Pead seated them- selves opposite the prosecutor, who awoke before the train started, and, missing his watch, gave information immediately to a police officer on the platform. The constable communicated with Superintendent Jones, and a description of the missing article was tele graphed to all the pawnbrokers at Cardiff and other towns and districts in South Wales. A few days later Pead, on trying to pawn the stolen watch at Cardiff, was apprehended, convicted of the theft at Cymmer, and subsequently sentenced to two months' imprisonment with hard labour. .About a week later, from particulars wired to the different police-stations by P.C. Weeks, Harring- ton was arrested by a local constable at Ferndale. He now pleaded guilty, and was sent to gaol for two months with hard labour.
The raising of her Majesty's ship Sultan cost over £ 50,000, and an additional 211,000 was expended in fitting, her for the voyage home. Since she has been in port no steps have been taken to prepare her for use as an effective man- of-war. An attempt will be made in the course of this week to ascertain from the First Lord what are the intentions of the Admiralty in respect of this costly and unfortunate ship. EXTRAORDINARY NEWS I-ROU ANTWMP.- Major C. Huct, writillgfrpl11 69, Rue St. Vin- cent, Antwerp, says I, only received one of Harness' Electropathic Belts the day before yes- terday at 9 a.m., being crippled with lumbago in an armchair. I put it on immediately. An hour afterwards I was able to get up and sit down without catching hold of the armchair. Yester- day I walked easily, and to-day I am completely recovered. It is indeed a marvellous result." Sufferers from any rheumatic, nervous, or organic disorder, however obstinate, should call if pos- sible and personally inspect the original of the above, and thousands of other equally convincing testimonials at the Electropathic and Zander In- stitute, 52, Oxford-street, London, W. (at the corner of Rathbone-place). Pamphlets and con- sultations may he had without chacee. either eer- i 8onaliy or by letter.
THE BAPTIST UNION. [SPECIAL TELKORAM.] LONDON, Monday. The spring assembly of the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland opened to-day by an introductory devotional service presided over by the Rev James Owen, of Swansea, the retiring president, held at the Regent's Park Chapel, when a very large number of delegates and men) bers were present. THE PRESIDENTS ESAUGUBAL ADDRESS. At the close of the service the retiring president introduced the new president, Colonel James Theodore Griffin, who at once proceeded to deliver hit; inaugural address. At the outset the President said be craved their attention to no startling exordium, no grand rhetorical flight, no lofty, eloquent peroration to arouse enthusiasm, but to simply a voice from the pew. Continuing, he said though they were labelled by the world as simply the Baptist Union, they were a band of "holy brethren," 11 partakers of the heavenly calling," and, surely, of all earthly institutions none could claim more of the heavenly spirit than the brotherhood which brought them together to-day. On the one foundation laid for them they built fair and true, according to the perfect lav." of libercv. and allowed to each separate community the right of interpretation and discipline. If antiquity gave authority and anoient lineage conferred pre-eminence, no claim could be better substantiated than theirs to all that was covered by the phrase "apostolic succession." The Baptist churches of to-day represented more nearly than any other in faith and practice the church of the apostolic days, and all through the ages there had been preserved an unfailing testimony that the immer- sion of believers was the only Christian baptism. Judged by the divine formula, "By their fruits ye shall know them, the Baptist Union was like a good tree which bringeth forth good fruit. They had now come to a serious crisii in their career. So much achieved demanded that they attempted more. The machinery, the plant they had put down was capable of a larger turn-out than they at present secured. Its running powers were capable of greater expansion, and unless they made provision for this they would find they were wasting in friction the 'force that ought to result in production. Already they had indica- tions oi this. From time to time they were conscious of an unpleasant vibration and an occasional whirr that told them their machinery was wasting its power-worse than that, was ruining itself. They had no need to be ashamed oi their position, and he contended tha,t a true and thorough Baptist must make the more perfect Christian, as he not only followed Christ, i but began at the very beginning, A source of weakness in some respects was their ministry. They wanted more power in the pulpit power that came from special training for the most responsible, and, without doubt, the most noble work to which a man could dedicate his life, n hy should they not have a university under Baptist auspices? And why not a Baptist Theological Seminary, where those looking to the ministry could be prepared and made apt to teach ? That suggestion might be considered a bold one, but they must be bold if they were to prove themselves equal to the task, and worthy of the position to which they were called. Had they » single college to which they could send their students with justifiable pride? They had nochoice but to send them to Oxford or to Cambridge, and they knew wnat followed. The social life and Church prestige took the youthful ardent soul at a disadvantage in his most impressionable years, and he became lost to the spiritual Obmmunity in which he was reared and in which it was hoped he would serve his day and generation as his father had done before him. All this could not perhaps be accomplished at once, but could they not at least move to consolidate existing colleges, and thus pave the way for future improvement ? REPORT OF THE COUNCIL. The report ot the council was then adopted. It stated that in making a comparison of the re- turns for 1890 with those for 1889, it was found that tho number of ehapel seats .showed a de- crease of 3,950. This was more than accounted for by the termination of the services held at the Manchester Free Trade Hall, which provided seating accommodation for 5,000 persons, and which were returned by one of the Manchester churches in and for some years previously to 1889. The question as to how far they justified their position as a separate denomination was one whinh must, to some extent, be determined by results, but whether they ought to give the foremost place to numerical considerations was a point which might well be disputed. The tendency in the present day to a multiformity of earnest, social, and spiritual effort, admirable as it might be, was, perhaps, not calculated to increase the length of their roll of membership. The recent census would enable them to say to what extent the increase in their own membership during the last decade had kept pace witli the numerical growth of the nation. Turning to accounts, the report stated that during the past year the council distributed to pastors and widows on the annuity fund, and to pastors and churches aided by the home mission augmentation and education funds between 212,000 and 213,000. During last year 45 churches had been received into membership. A committee had been appointed to make enquiries on the subject of denominational literature with a view of meet- ing the need which was felt for a publication department in connection with the union, in- cluding the production of manuals for the young on Nonconformist history. The receipts last year under the general expenses fund from ,ill saurces were -01,98116s 6d, and the expenditure, £1,790 12s 2d—a deficiency of JB8 15s 6d, and the council again pressed upon the Assembly the necessity for increasing the ordinary income for general expenses to at least £ 2,000. The general account under the home mission fund showed receipts from subscriptions, donations and collections amounting to £ 1,729, an increase of JB661. The amount received from associations and churches towards the payment of mission pastors' stipends was RI,461, as against 21,281 last year, an increase of JB179. The education fund continued to diminish, and since 1880 the contributions had fallen from JB554 to £ 155,the income of last year. The need for help given by the fund was as great as ever in the rural dis tricts of tho country, and the council appealed for an adequate income to meet the demands upon the fund. The Rev J. TUBNEB, of Trowbridge, in seconding the motion for the adoption of the report, saul they would soon have to deal with the question of free education, and it would be for them to see that the money granted was impartially distributed under proper control, which should secure not the mere triumph of a party but the good of the people at large. (Cheers.) ELECTION OF VICE-PRESIDENT. On the motion of the Rev W. J. Henderson, B.A., (of Coventry), seconded by the Rev J. R. Wood, of London, the Rev Robert Henry Roberts, B.A., of Nottiug Hill, was unanimously elected vice-president for the ensuing year. MISCELLANEOUS. Deputations from the Baptist Union of New Zealand and the Victoria Baptist Association were presented. In the evening a soiree was given in the Portman Rooms, under the pre- sidency of Sir Walter Foster, M.P., when the Rev R. F. Horton, M.A., of Hampstead, spoke on "The Flexibility in Christian work:" the Rev J. H. Shakespeare, M.A., of Norwich, on "A plea for a new mission;" and Mr Stephen Silvester, evangelist, on Work in the villages and hamlets of Hertfordshire." The session of the assembly will resume on Wednesday next.
MR OSBORNE MORGAN AND WELSH HOME RULE. Mr Osborne Morgan, M.P., writes as follows to Mr R. N. Hall, Cardiff, on Welsh Home Rule-a. subject on which Mr HpII is about to treat in handbook form :— It ii an undoubted fact that since the publica. tion of the articles on the subject in the West- e "j a. year ago the question of Home Rule for Wales has made a distinct advance. Nor is this matter for surprise. Upon all sub- jects specially affecting the principality, for which Home Rule is claimed, the members for Wales, in a far stricter sense than the representatives of Scotland and Ireland, vote solid. For I cannot bub regard the single vote of the Member for Little England beyond Wales" on the Tithe Bill, and the two votes of that honourable gentleman and his Radnorshire colleague against Disestablish- ment as "exceptions which prove the rule." It is clear, too, that this fact is due not to party discipline or mechanical organisation, but to a genuine accord of sentiment, pointing to similar unanimity on the part of the constituencies. That so overwhelming a preponderance of opinion should be overborne by the votes of men, who know nothing and care nothing about Welsh questions, is naturally galling to our countrymen and it, therefore, becomes important to consider what steps can be taken to abate an evil which is already sowing the seeds of discontent and dis- loyalty. I still hold to the opinion which I expressed in the Westminster Jitview, that the true solution of the problem is to be found in a national council for Wales, sitting in the Princi- pality, and composed of the members of the various county councils of Wales and Monmouthshire. I would give to such a council legislative and administrative powers enabling it to deal with the following, tmonsr other subjects, so far as they affect Wales and Monmouthshire —The Established Church-its status and endow- ments The Tenure and Transfer of Land Min- ing Royalties, wayleaves and cognate questions Railways, railway rates and railway traffic the control of rivers, including fishery rights rights of common and way Ectuattion-bigher, inter- mediate, and primary the Licensing question in all its branches, The relations of such a body to the Imperial Parliament, and the checks (if any) to be placed upon its action are subjects far too wide for the space which has been allotted to me. The sketch which I have drawn is of the roughest kind, and. I am not vain enough to suppose that it might not be sensibly modified by an exchange of views with those political friends with whom it has been always my pleasure to act.
A REAL BLESSING TO MOTHERS. Mothers who value the health and comfort of their infants, and the value of quiet nights, should always have a bottle of Mrs Johnson's American Soothing Syrup at hand during the teething period. The dangers and diffi- culties of teething are reduced to a minimum by using this elegant embrocation, which contains nothing that can injure the most delicate infant.—Sold by all Chemists at Is 1 %d per bottle or post free for 15 stamps ¡ from the sole proprietors, BARCLAY & SONS. Limited, L 85. Farringdon-^tw^t.London. 1348
FUNERAL OF THE LATE Ilti, ALDERMAN WARING. On Monday morning, amid manifestations or respect and sympathy, the mortal remains of the late Alderman Waring, C.E., werelaid-in their last resting place in the new Cardiff Cemetery. The body was brought from London early in the morning, arriving at the Great Western Station shortly before 11. A procession, consist- ing of the members of the Corporation, the public officials, a detachment of police and members of the Fire Brigade, assembled at Town Hall, and after being formed in linG 1 ceeded by way of Wood-street and Saunu road to the station, where it joined the other portion of the cortege. The number of private and public carriages was exceedingly large, nearly all the public and com- mercial bodies in the district being represented. The corpse had been placed within a snell, and this was encased in a handsome coffin of polished this was encased in a handsome coffin of polished oak, with brass handles and plate. On the latter w!ts the engraved inscription in wax :— XHOJXAB WARIF-G, BORN 20TH MARCH, 1825. DIED 24TH APRIL. 1891. A number of magnificent wreaths and crosses of flowers were placed upon the coffin, which was borne to tho cemetery in it. hc-arae with glass panels and drawn by four horses. Outside ths Gieat Western Railway Station the yrocepsion was re-organised under the general supervision of Mr W Mackenzie, the chief-constable of the borough, and the route to the Now Cemetery was taken shortly after eleven o'clock in the order following :-A detachment of the Cardiff Fire Br;g,tde, in full drext-, under the command of Chief-engineer Geen a detachment of the borough police, under Superintendent Tamblyn first carriage, containing Councillor Noah Rees, Councillor Shepherd, Councillor Andrews, and Councillor T. Morel; second car- riage—Mr J. A. B. Williams (waterworks engineer to the corporation), Dr Walford (medical officer of health), Mr F. R. Greenhill (borough treasurer), and Councillor S. A. Brain; third carriage—Mr F. C. Lloyd (deputy town clerk), Mr J. V. Arman (inspector of works), Mr F. M. Greenhill (deputy borough engineer), Councillor Hurley, and Mr Luke Evans (inspector of weights and measures); fourth carriage—Councillor Jotham, Councillor J. Tucker, Councillor W. Lewis, and Councillor D. Richards; fifth car- riagc-Councillor Trounce, Councillor Alfred Rees^, Councillor i\ Beavan, and Councillor John Jenkins; the sixth carriage was Alderman Ful- ton's, but it was without occupant; seventh Col Page eighth carnage Dr Wallace; ninth carriage—Councillor E. Herne, Mr Woosey (superintendent of the sanitary depart- ment), Mr R. W. Lewis (assistant borough treasurer), and Mr C. H. Priestley (deputy waterworks engineer) tenth carriage—Mr j, A. B. Williams's private conveyance eleventh carriage—Mr J. W. A. Stevens, PenhiH, and Mr C. J. Jackson (South Wales Circuit) twelfth carriage—Counoillor W. R. Parker, Mr J. A. Edwards (Penarth), Mr J. Y. Strawson, and Mr M. Cay, jun., R.N.R. (chairman of the Windsor Slipway Company, Limited); thirteenth carriage —Mr John S. Corbett, J. P. fourteenth carriage --Alr Charles Christie; fifteenth carriage— Alderman D. Edgar Jones, J.P., Alderman Yorath, Alderman Carey, and Councillor H. Lascelles Carr, Immediately before the hearse came the private carriage of the Marquis of Bute, K.T., in which were his lordship and the deputy- mayor (Alderman D. Lewis, J.P.). In rear of the hearse came the mourning coaches, in the first being the chief mourners, Mr Charles Waring (son of the deceased) and the Rev F. Clifton Dunn. In the conveyances which followed there were :—In the second, Mr Rimell, Mr Shute, Mr T. W. Rees,and Mr H. Williams, employes in the offices of the deceased gentleman, and in the third, Mr A. F. Atkins: fourth, Mr John Gunn, Mr J. G. Proger, and Mr Lewis Williams, J.P. fifth, Mr Jenkins, Penylaii sixth, Captain Ralph Pomeroy, Mr C. Moir, and Mr J. J. P. Burt seventh, Mrs Lascelles Carr, Mr W. E. Carr, and Miss Carr; eighth, Mr Evans, Cardiff Milk Supply Company; ninth, Dr M. Evans, and Mr Bradley, solicitor; tenth, Dr Edwards, J.P • cieventn, Mr J. P. Jones, and Mr George Hop- kins twelfth, Mr Edward Fletcher, Mr Edward Fletcher, jun., and Mr Dunkley; thirteenth, Mr John Woodman, and Mr John Hussey; four- teenth, Mr H. North, Roath fifteenth, Mr S. Fletcher, and Mr Radcliffe, Peterstone; sixteenth, Mr E. W. Mumford and Mr J. W. Williams; seventeenth, Mr H. Mackenzie Thomas, Mr W. Riley (Chairman of the Cardiff Chamber of Com- merce), and Mr W. R. White; eighteenth, Mr Westyr Evans nineteenth, the female servants of the deceased twentieth, Mr John E. Gunn twenty-first, Mr Louis Reece; twenty-second,Mr A. J. Harris (clerk to the Cardiff Rural Sanitary Authority), Mr Frazer (surveyor to the Sanitary Authority), and Mr James Holden (Llandaff Highway Board). The procession, which was fully a quarter of a mile in length, was brought up in the rear by a number of employees from the Heath Brickworks, and maJe servants of the deceased's household. These followed on foot. The route taken to the cemetery was that through St. Mary street, High- street, Duke- street, Queen street, Ncw- port road, Richmond road, and Ct wvs- voad. The corpse was met at the entrance to the chapel by the Rev C. J. Thompson, M.A., vicar of St John's, by whom the burial service both in the building and at the gruve side was impressively conducted. The coffin was interred in the vault (a little to the north of the chapel), in which lie the remains of Mrs Waring (wife of the deceased) and Mr Herbert Waring (his son). Among those who sent memorial wreaths and crossea to place upon the coffin were the following friends;—Mr Charles Waring, Mrs Gertrude Waring, Mr J. P. Jones, the members of the Cardiff Conservative Club, Mr and Mrs Edward Fletcher, Mr and Mrs Sydney P. Hunt, Park Hotel; Mrs Evans, Peterstone Rectory; em- ployes at the Heath Brick Works, Mr Wm. H. Lewis, Dr and Mrs Wallace, Mr A. E. Fred. Dunkley, Mr Jenkins, Penylan Mr and Mrs Lascelles Carr, the Misses Jennie, Ettie, and Mattie Carr, the employes of Messrs T. Waring and Son, "From Kings wood," and Mr C. E. Jenkins. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs G. A. Stone and Co., Working- street. The Town Clerk of Cardiff (Mr J. L. Wheatley), the Borough Engineer (Mr Harpur), and several members of the corporation were unable to attend the funeral through engage- ments which necessitated their being in London.
FUNERAL OF MR W. N. LEWIS, CEVNGORNOTH. On Saturday last the mortal remains of the late Mr W. N. Lewis, Cevngornotbt Llangadock, were interred in the parish church in Llanddeu- sant. The deceased gentleman had been ailing for some time. Mr Lewis was a Liberal in politics, and had been identified with public life for many years, having been a guardian for the past 47 years, and holding for a considerable portion of that period the position of vice-chairman on the Llandovery Board of Guardians. In addition to this he was vice-chairman of the Llangadock School Board from its formation, and occupied other positions of trust and influence in the dis- trict. The funeral was of a private character, being only attended by the immediate relatives and some old tenants, who acted in the capacity of pall-bearers. Amongst the mourners were Miss Lewis, Cevngornoth Dr and Mrs Richards, Cardiff (the two daughters add son-in-law) Mr and Miss Lewis, Nantgwynne (the brother and niece of deceased) Mr and Mrs Aeron Thomas, Swansea Mr J. W. Nicholas, Llandilo Mr Williams, Talardd. The funeral service was conducted by the Rev W. Rees, Vicar of Llan- gadock, assisted by the Rev T. Williams, Vicar of Llanddeusant. A number of exquisite wreath were sent by numerous frieuds, and deep and universal sympathy is felt for the family in their bereavement.
WELSH DISESTABLISHMENT CAMPAIGN. ^SUBSTANTIAL-FUND TO BE RAISED. On Monday the Welsh Disestablishment Com- mittee met at Shrewsbury, and elected the Rev Aaron Da vies, Gellygacr, chairman, and Mr John Griffiths, Porth, vice-chairman. Mr Owen Owen, Oswestry, secretary to the Welsh Non- conformist Union, was elected intelligence secre- tary. The appointment of permanent general secretary was deferred to the next committee meeting, It was agreed to raise a fund of at least £ 10,000 to further the causo of Welsh disestablishment.
LOCAL POST-OFFICE NOTICE. TELEPHONE EXTENSION. A telephone office has been opened at the East Dock Branch Post-office, Cardiff, where the public may be placed in telephone communica- tion with the office of a subscriber to the Post- office Telephone Exchange on payment of a fee of 3d for a conversation not exceeding three minutes. Conversations ca.n also be carried on tby non-snbscribers between this oifice and the post-offices at Barry Dock, Newport, Pontypool, Talywain, Ebbw Vale, Briton Ferry, and Swan- sea, at a charge of 6d for not more than three minutes. Subscribers to the Post-office Exchange have the privilege of using the office free of charge for local communications. Q
FUNERAL OF MR PRITCHARD MORGAN, JUN. The funeral of the late Mr Ernest Pritchard Morgan, only son of Mr Pritchard Morgan, M.P., who died a few days ago while on a visit at Newport, took place at the New- I- port cemetery, on Saturday. the tunerat was strictly private, and consisted of open car and two mourning coaches, the principal mourners being Mr Pritchard Morgan, M.P., and a cousin of the deceased. The coffin was of polished oak, and the breast-plate bore the inscription, Ernest Prit- chard Morgan, died April 22nd, 1891, aged 23 years." The funeral service was conducted by Archdeacon Bruce, and the interment took place in the family vault, the coffin being placed n<»r that of the late Mrs Morgan, the mother of Mr Pritchard Morgan. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs ToveyBros., of Dock- street, Newport.
DR. DE JONGH'S LIGHT-BROWN COD LIVER OIL. IN WEAKNESS OP CHILDREN ITS EFFICACY IS UNPQLIAL- LED.— Thomas Hunt, Esq., F.B.C.S., late Medical Officer of Health, rit. Gile'sand Bloomaburv, writes: "In badly-nourished infants, Dr. do Jough's Cod Liver Oil is invaluable. The rapidity with which two or three teaspoonfuls a day will fatten a young child is astonish- ing. Tho weight gained is three times the weight of the oil swallowed, or more. Children generally like the taste of Dr de Jough's Oil, and, when it is given them, often cry for more. Sold only in capsuled Imperial Half- pints, 2s 6d Pints, 4s 9d; Quarts, 9s, by all Chemists. Sole consignees, Ausar, Harford, and Co.. 210, High Holbom. London. 1A216
LOCAL POPULATION RETURNS, FIRST LIST. It is difficult as yet to obtain full information (,f the result of tho census so far as South Wales is concerned. We have, however, received from some of our representatives statistics relating to several centres. From these it would seem that there is a continuous flow of population from the d to the industrial districts. The long period perity enjoyed by the staple trades of Wales has attracted ever-increasing num- bers of men from the ag-ricultural districts. Pembrokeshire and CarcligansILirt; have suffered by this exodus, and so in a less degree has Carmarthenshire, though with regard to the last county the transference of population has been largely confined to the limits of the shire itself. ABERDARE. The Abardarw sub-registrar district includes tha parishes of Aberdare (iucluliillg St Margaret's, Mountain Ah), Rhigos, and Penderyn. In 1861 the population waa Aberdare, 33,247 Penderyii, 1,331 Rhigo?, 822 in 1871 these had increarea to 37,704,1,668, and 863 respectively, In 1881 the population of Aberdare had de- creased materially by the closing or tll\1 Aber- Kant, Llwydooed, Gftdlyt, and Aberanian iron- works,and the total was only lib. 514. Penderyn had, however, increased to 1,5S8, and Rhigos to 1,008, making a total of 38,120. Our representa- tive hail been unable to ascertain from the deputy- registrar the actual figures for 1391. but there is reason to believe that an increase of over 5,000 has taken place. It is noteworthy that in the whole of the 45 enumeration districts there were barely a dozen empty houses.
BLACKWOOD. Subjoined are particulars of the Rock dis- trict, Blackwood, in the Bedwellty parish 1881 1891 inersc. decre. ¡ No. of inhabited houses 528 666 138 No. of uninhabited houses 118 16 102 I Population 2,477 3,326 848
BRECON. The 1891 census will reveal a reduction in the population of the municipal borough of Brecon of over 9 per cent. The number has even fallen below that of 1871. The inhabitants in 1881 numbered 6,247. While there has been a diminu- tion in the population, there has been an appre- ciable increase in the ratable value of the borough.
BRIDGEND. The result of the recent census in that portion of the Bridgend district which comprises Coity Lower and Newcastle Lower, and is generally returned as Bridgend—is as follows :—Coity Lower, 3,655; Newcastle Lower, 1,236; total, 4,891. The census of 1881 gave a total population of these two parishes as 4,153; the increase thus being 738.
BRITON FERRY. The population of this parish, as shown by the recent census, is 5,786 as compared with 6,061 in 1881. There has thus been a decrease in the population of 275 since 1881. The population is now increasing, and the demand for houses exceeds the supply. To meet such demand a new company has been formed to build dwelling houses. Lord Jersey, through his agent, Alder- man Hunter, is granting leases to the company I for 999 years.
CARDIGAN." The results of the census, taken on the 5th instant, in Districts Nos. 1 and 3, are as follows:- CARDIGAN DISTRICT (No. 1.) Popula- Popula- tion, 1881. tion, 1891. Dec. St. Mary's (Cardigan). 2,671 2,598 73 Bridge Knd Hamlet 942 936 6 Municipal Borough 3,613 3,434 179 Pantygroes Hamlet (St. Dogmell's) 1,362 1,184 178 Cippyn Hamlet 164.. 199 ine. 35 Moylgrove Parish 422.. 376 46 L Moniujrton Parish 98.. 81 17 Llantood Parish 228 215 13 Bridell Parish 290 276 14 Cilgerran Parish 1,118 1,099 19 Mount! Parish 132 S3 39 Verwig Parish 339 328, 11 ^bn^ocilinore Parish 982 784.. 198 Total decrease in the district 436 NEV/PORT (PEM.) DISTRICT. Llauyehllwydog Parish 1S5 143 52 Dinas Parish 785 721 65 Newport. (Pern.) Parish 1,502 1,337 165 Nevern Parish 1,306 1,209 97 liauiil Parish 140 83 57 jtlenie Parish 353 305 47 K?;hv yswrw Parish 452 419 33 Whitechurch Parish 302 275 a7 Lianfair-Nantgwyn Parish.. 180 191 ..inc. 11 Total decrease in the district 532 The statistics from No. 2 district, which con- tains seven parishes, are not to hand. Probably a large decrease will be found in that dis- trict also. It is worthy of notice that there is increase only in one parish in each district. The population of Cardigan, as Will- fiared with the return made 50 years, is now 60 ess, and 73 less than 10 years ago. Tha good times" experienced in Glamorganshire and other centres of indnstry, as well as the large number of seafaring men, masons, carpenters, labourers, shop assistants, servant girls, &c., who find employment in other districts, will account for the continuous decrease in the population. The census papers distributed in the town and country, with bur, few exceptions, were English. Only 250 Welsh scliednlos were sent to >7o. i District, and the enumerators did not care to supply them, as they would entail the trouble of translating, which they wished to avoid. One old woman was returned is being 95 years of age, and a man as 98 years, and possessing all his senses." In district No. 3, one old lady, a Mrs Davies, is returned as 104, her great age being well authenticated. She lives at Helyg, Aber- portb.
CAERLEON. The returns for Caerleon show an increase in the population. In 1871 it stood at 1,300, but through trado depression and stoppage of tin- works it was reduced to 1,099 in 1881, but this year it reached 1,411—an increase during the last decade of 312.
LLANELLY (BRECON) PARISH. The returns from the 12 districts into which the parish was divided for enumeration have been completed by Mr John Jones, returning officer, Clydach, as ollow :-Inhabited houses, 1,652; inhabitants, 7,796 (males 4,063, females 3,733). The number of uninhabited houses in the urban sanitary district of Brynmawr (within the parish of Llanelly) is 934, and the total population 4,717; while in the rural sanitary district) of Llanelly there are 113 uninhabited houses and a population of 3,079. As compared with the census returns of 1881, there is a slight increase in both districts—in the urban district of 619 and the rural district of 201; total, 820-the figures for that year being :-For the urban sanitary dis- trict of Brynmawr, 4,098; the rural sanitary dis- trict, 2,878; total, 6,976.
MERTHYR. Generally speaking, the largest increase in the population lias taken place in the lower paves of the parish, sit xreharris and Merthyr Vale. Tlio increase at Dovvlais is not as large as might have been anticipated.
NEWNHAM. The complete returns of the census of the town of Newnham have been made up and sent to headquarters. It appears that there are now 1,400 persons living in the parish, as against 1,455 in 1881. The figures :1n made up of 642 males and 758 females.
SWANSEA. The superintendent registrar at Swansea declines to supply the press with the results of the census on the ground that he has distinct orders from the Registrar-General to supply information to no one but him. The returns we may, however, say are not yet quite completed, but sufficient is known already to indicate the belief that tne population of the municipal borough is about 100,000.
TENBY. It is supposed that the returns will snow a ue- crease of about 250 during the last 10 years. Many of the country parishes in South Pembrokeshire will also show a considerable decrease.
FISHGUARD. The result ef the census has now been made known. Tho population of the I1 isnguard parish is 1,878, as against 1,995 in 1881, showing a decrease of 117; and that of the 29 parishes coin- prised in the Fishguard census district is 6,935, against 7,247, or a. decrease of 312.
PONTYPRIDD. It is expected that the census of the Pontypridd Local Board district will show an increase from 11,000 in 1881 to 23,000 in 1891, or more than double.
QUOITS. EEBW VALE v. VICTORI <V The first match of the season between the above clubs was played on the new grounds of the Ebbw Vale Club, which have been constructed bv Mr C B Holland, general manager of the Ebbw Vale Comnanv' After a good game, Ebbw Vale were successful by 53 points, iscores EBBW VALE. VICTORI* J). Hughes 21 (?. Hopkins 17 iwla^hanii i8 D- Hopkins 21 xv Pnl'prl ':i J. Wanning (capt^j.. H 14 W.Newman. 21 1. Addis 21 T Kviiw 9 £ 3S '? fx ilAvuuayms- j J. Marchant n R. Hopkins 2l_ 190 137 190 137
HOLLOWAY'S OINTIIKNT AND PTLLS. at fault.—In all irritations of the akin, sores, ulcers, burns}, and scrofulous onlargeinenfcs of the glands, Hollowav's Ointment presents a ready and easy means of cure which never disappoints the most favourable expectations. It manifests a peculiar power in ra- straining inflammation, removing stagnation, cooling I the heated blood, and checking all acrimonious or un- healthy discharges. Whilst tnns acting locally, the Pills are no less remarkable for their power in im- proving the general condition and habit of body, which renders the cures complete and permanent. Under the general influence of these potent remedies, the puny infant becomes the robust child the pale and emaciated regain colour and rotundity; and the dvaseotic eats freely without feu.
RHONDDA MINERS" ASSOCIATION. INSPECTION OF MINES. A HINT TO MR GOSCHEN. Thi monthly d^i.-gate meeting in connection with the Khondda Valleys Steam Coal Miners' Association was held on Monday at the Windsor Castle Hotel, 1. on, under the piesiaencv of Mr David Jones, Clydach. Mr Stephen Davies, e Ili, occupied the vioe-chair, and there was a large attendance of representatives. Mr W. Abraham, M.P., and Mr W. Evans (sub-agent) were also present. The question, adjourned from the last meeting, of transferring a portion of ttis district fund to form a nucleus of a defence fund was again discussed, and a vote taken with the following result:—For transferring £ 500, 488; £ 800, 220; against transferring any amount at all, 139.—Permission w;},s given to the workmen of Nixon's Navigation to tender their notices terminating contracts on Friday next in the event of an amicable settlement not bein:6 arrived at before that day.- It was resolved that tho annual miners' demon- stration be held this year at Porth, on a day to be again iixecl.A long discission took place as to the advisability of holding tha dcmcustratiou on a day tber than !llabün't-; Monday, it bcin., pointed out that that day had been monopolised for many months to come, but when a vote was taken it was fcund that nineteen were in favour of holding tho demonstration on a Mabon's Day, and seventeen against. It was, therefore, decided to refer the question for decision to the collieries. The following resolutions were unanimously passed I'hatt),i, meeting ak the delegates present to call the attention of their fellow-workmen, and especially the committees of the various collieries, to the alleged ,ch A I of the 29th in the Mines Regulation ct with regard to the employment, as colliers, of incompetent men and srrangers to the mines, and, in cases where this clause is broken, that a report of the s.'}n?e. 0 at once be made to the agents of the district. That this meeting is of opinion that in the selection of inspectors of mines to fill the present vacancies in VV ales, preference should be given, where other quali- fications are equal, to candIdates who, being couver- sant with the" elsh language, have also a knowledge of the geology and the various conditions of the strata of the districts to which they are appointed. More- over, having regard to the fact that the Chancellor of the Exchequer has a surplus of E2,000,000, we are strongly of opinion that the Home Secretary snould be urged to request that a portion of that surplus be utilised for the employment of an adequate staff of working men inspectors for the various mining dis- tricts of the United Kingdom. Mr W. Abraham, M.P., in supporting the pro- posal, said that several deputations had on many occasions pressed the question of working men inspectors upon the present Home Secretary and his predecessors, and the answer invariably waa that, while approving of the proposal, they were powerless to carry it out because of the want of funds. Now, however, that the Chancellor of the Exchequer had such a handsome surplus, this excuse was done away with, and the present was a most opportune time to press upon the Home Secretary to get Mr Goschen to devote some of his surplus to that purpose. Should the Chancellor agree, then he (Mabon), although Mr Goschen was a Unionist minister, would be quite prepared to sing him a song of praise. (Laughter and applause.)— Mr W. Evans, sub-agent, remarked that if the present Government had, as they professed, the real interest of working men at heart, they would not for a moment hesitate before carrying out the request contained in the resolution. (Hear, hear.) He had not a word to say against the inspectors of mines in South Wales, only that they were not half numerous enough. There should bit two inspectors, practical working men, with a know- ledge of Welsh, appointed for the Rhondda alone, so that every pit in the district could be thoroughly and minutely inspected at least once every month.—Several of the delegates spoke strongly of the need of working-men inspectors, and the resolution was carried with unanimity.
MINERS' MEETING AT GELLIGAER. A general delegate meeting of the Gelligaer district of miners was held at the Half-way House on Saturday evening. There were present representatives from all the collieries in the association. The meeting was specially convened to consider a dispute at the Old Plas Level, Pen garri, in respect to the cutting price of coal. After a careful consideration, the committee advised the workmen to give notice on the 1st May next, unless their demands be conceded by the employers. It was decided to levy the work men of the district in case financial support is required.
THE IRON TRADE. WOLYEKHAMFTON, Saturday. The slight im. provement we were able to report last week is maintained. A rather more cheerful tone characterises sellers alike in pig and finished iron, and more work is doing at the mills and forges. Local consumers are evidently getting tired of waiting for any further ease in prices in those instances where they are needing supplies, and they are, therefore, giving out orders. They are, however, of limited extent, no one coming to buy far forward. Sheets, hoops, and bars are the branches that show a better tone, but it must not be supposed that the improvement is at present very great. PISte iron, angles, tees, and bars for railway waggon building are in large request, the waggon builders being all very busy. Prices are without much alteration, but the Gas Strip Iron Masters' Association haa resolved to reduce the price of socket iron 5s per ton, leaving the price at JE6, also to reduce tube scrap iron 5s, making the price £ 2 5s. Gas strip. has been re-declared at the former figure of £6 58. The Hoop Iron Masters' Association adhere to their quotations of £ 6 5s for hoops for export, with 10s additional for delivery at out- ports, and 26 15s for coopers' hoops at works. Common merchant bars are L6 5s to £ 6 10s, while minimum quality letrs are £ 5 17s 6d to I"1 iron is .selling better, and some sorts have advanced Is per ton. Staffordshire hot air pigs are quoted 65s common 389 to 40s. Im. ported Derbyshire pigs are 46s to 47s per ton. BAUROVV, londLty.-Although the hematite pig iron market is stronger during the last few days, there is but a quiet demand, and practically na improvement. 48s 6d, net cash, is being taken for warrants, while 50s, net f.o.b., is still being quoted by makers for mixed numbers of ijessemer. There is no reduction in the output ot metal, but stocks are still decreasing. Of the 76 furnaces 40 are in blast. Bessemer iron is likely to be in better demand owing to steel makers requiring more. The latter are securing orders, especially for heavy sections of rails, which are selling at;64 lis per ton. The Cap4 Government have ordered fairly, while West Curo-* berland makers have hooked largely for America. npbuilders and enginect.s are well employed; but the outlook is not so good.
FATAL REVOLVER ACCIDENT. A young man named George Wright Taynton, aged 21, died at Portsmouth Hospital on Monday evening from a bullet wound, inflicted under singular circumstances. His cousin returned lately from Buenos Ay res to the deceased's mother's. On Saturday night he was showing a greup of young men a revolver, which, in tha hands of deceased's brother, exploded, fatally injuring deceased.
A SHOCKING FATALITY. A mill manager named Aspinall, met a terrible death at Heywood on Monday evening. He WM descending the mill hoist when the rope broke. He Diide an effort to jump from the cage as it was falling. His head was caught between the cago and the flooring and almost severed from tha body.
Tecth say3 speech delivered by th« Ivoman Catholic Bishop of Salford at a temper* ance meeting at Ashtou-under-Lyne was so sensiWe and moderate that it deserves notice- i 1,1 I °P sut?gested that whilst strong been should be taxed, the sale of light beers not abov« a certain minimum strength should be encouraged by being freed from duty. This is a doctrine that I have always preached. It is indeed a pity that more temperance reformers are not as reasonable and as practical as the Bishop of Salford." A largo measure of the success of the Golden Sun- light Ale may be attributed to the fact that it is brewed on these lines, and will compare favour- ably with the ordinary high coloured, strong, heady ales. It is brewed from malt prepared from the finest Herefordshire barley, and most delicately flavoured with hops, called "Wor'aters," but really grown in the^rich fertile valleys of Herefordshire. Messrs Watkins and Son, of the Hereford Brewery, are the only brewers of this famous ale, and it is sold by over 200 agents in tha North, South, East, and West of the British Isles. South Wales office, 94, St. Mary-street: stores, Westgafce-street, Cardiff, 1921
PARLIAMENTARY RETURN OF HOURS OF WORK. j SECONJU ARTICLE.] A Botabie fact in connection with the various trades analysed as to hours of work in the pre- vious article is that although the labour hours have been reduced about 17 per cent. within the (ast 10, or, at most, within the last 20 years, below the average worked in 1850, the wages of the workers have not been lowered, but rather have been increased, as far as our inquiries have ex- tended and the whole product of the work done, that is, the resultant of the whole in amount and in quality, has been larger and better than in the former periods under the longer hours of labour. No doubt there is great difficulty from the com- plex nature of the inquiry adequately to appraise the improvement in the quantity and quality of labour, taken as a whole, during the later period of the 40 years, but all the reliable infor- mation we have been able to gather points to this conclusion. The average man can unquestionably do mere work and better work when working 54 hours a week than when working 72, if that work be continuous all the year round and throughout the years. The pace must ten ill time, and the speed from the inevit- itoie diminution cf vital energy becomes lessened, unconsciously it may be to the worker himself. The spirit may be willing, but the flesh is weak. It is useless to struggle agftinsD destiny. It is the law of our being that vitality is reduced when labour becomes excessive, and especially when it is prolonged, and human nature must bow to the necessity which subjugates it. An objector mig'ht contend, perhaps, that "scamped" work, which too often forces itself upon one's notice in these days of lessened hours of labour, does not sustain the conclusion we have reached. But exceptions prove the rule by being the exceptions, and an examination of the particular cases, as far as they can be examined, would show that the inability to do good work is moral, and not in- tellectual or physical; it is in the will not to do, and not in the power of doing. Fraud and dis- honesty, and not incompetence, are the causes of most of the" scamped" work of the period. If men would but learn to do unto others as they wish others should do unto them, we should have none of it. From the "Return" before us it will be found that while Cardiff house carpenters worked 57% 12 hours per week in summer in 1870, and 52% in winter, these hours were reduced in or before 1880 to 54 in summer, and 50% in winter and in or before 1890, whilst the summer hours remained the same (54), the winter hours were further reduced to 48%. In Swansea and Newport the winter and summer hours of house carpenters are the same. They were 58% winter and summer in 1870. They were reduced in or before 1880 to 54 summer and winter, and at 54 summer and winter they still remain. So that house carpenters in Newport and Swansea work on the average 5112 hours more per week in winter than do house carpenters in Cardiff, and we have not dis- covered that carpenters' wages in Cardiff are less than in these sister towns. This information, pub- lished in the "Return," is extracted from the annual reports of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners. In the shipbuilding trades of Cardiff boiler makers and iron ship builders worked 54 hours per week in 1890, and still work that number of hours, as we understand. This information was given to the Board of Trade by the Cardiff employers, but they either refused or neglected to give the hours of work for the pre- ceding four periods. The omission has been supplied, however, by the local trade union, which states that the hours of labour in 1860 were 60 hours per week, that they were re- duced to 57% in or before 1870, were again re- duced to 54 in or before 1880, and still remain at 54. The Newport employers supply the full return. They say that in 1850 and 1860 the boilermakers and iron shipbuilders worked 64 hours per week; that in 1870 these hours were reduced to 54 hours per week, and continued to be 54 in 1880 and 1890. The plumbers of Cardiff and Newport must, we presume, have treated the application of the Board of Trade for information as to their hours of labour with indifference, for no report either from employrs or from the local trade union appears in this "Return." The Swansea employers were equally remiss in giving information, but the Swansea Plumbers' Union states that the hours of labour of plumbers in Swansea were 61 hours per week (winter and summer) in 1850 and 1860; that in or before 1870 these hours. were reduced to 54 hours per week winter and summer, and remained thus in 1880 and 1890. From the" Return of the National Association of Master Builders of Great "Britain" it appears that in 1890 the hours of labour of plumbers were in Cardiff 54 per week in summer, and 50% in winter tnd, in Newport 54 both summer and winter. From a statement of the hours of labour of stonemasons, extracted from the annual reports of the Operative Stone- masons' Society, it appears that in 1870 the stone- masons in Cardiff worked 57 hours per week; in Newport 57, and in Swansea 59. These hours were reduced in 1880 to 54 in Cardiff and Swansea, and to 53 in Newport. In or before 1890 an hour was added to the Newport hours, and they were increased to 54; the Cardiff and Swansea hours remaining as before at 54. But this, so far as concerns Cardiff, does not agree with the report from the local trade union published in the "Return." That report gives the hours of labour of stonemasons in Cardiff for the years 1850, 1860, and 1870, at 63 hours per week in summer and from daylight to dark in winter, which were reduced in 1880 to 54 in summer and to 51% in winter. In or before 1890 the winter hours were again reduced to 48, the summer hours remaining as in 1880 at 54 hours per week. Which of these authorities is the most accurate in the return they have sup- plied we have no satisfactory means of knowing, but if the local trade union is correct, then the stonemasons of Cardiff work six hours less per week in winter than the stonemasons of New- port and Swansea, and with probably no reduc- tion in wage earnings. In examining the long array of figuros on coal mining, occupying many pages of this important return," it will be found that down to 1870, and in some instances to a later period, the col- liers of Glamorganshire pursued their laborious and exhausting work for excessively long hours. In some of the pits in and around Aberdare they worked 72 hours during the three periods of 1850, 1860, and 1870; whilst in some pits in the Rhondda Valley they worked 78 hours per week in 1850 and 1860, which were reduced to 72 hours per week in or prior to 1870. Between 1870 and 1880 an extensive reduction of the weekly hours of work took place throughout most of the mining districts of Glamorganshire. In tho Aberdare pits, which were being worked for 72 hours per week down to 1870, the hours of work were reduced to 54 per week in or prior to 1880, and remained at that figure in 1890. In the Rhondda pits, where the hours were 78 per week during the first two periods, and were reduced to 72 in the third period, a further reduction took place to 54 hours in or before 1&S0, and they continued to be 54 in 1890. In the Ntatli and the Swansea and the Llanelly districts the working hours, which had been in some pits 66, in others 62, and in others 60 hours per week, were all reduced-or with only two or three exceptions—to 54 hours per week between 1870 and 1880. This was practi- cally a great labour rvolution, indicating the existence during that period of some strong operative and efficient cause. Those of our readers who can recall to memory the great strike of colliers in 1871-2, snd the still greater strike of 1875; and the trade disputes and unrest and platform agitation throughout Glamorgan- shire and Monmouthshire dur.inz that stormy trade period will need no further reminder to satisfy them as to the chief cause of the reduc- tion in the colliers' hours of labour. Now the hours of work throughout the district are upon the average 54 hours per week, unevenly distri- buted as to days, however, and as to the number of hours per day, so long as the numioer of hours per week does not exceed 54. A note in the last column of the South Wales list states that The first Monday in the month is taken as a holiday, reducing tho average per week by about 2% hours." Added to this "Return "is a most valuable "Appendix," consisting of 15 closely-printed I pages of figures in long columnar iiles, prepared by the Miners' jTederation of Great Britain," of the hours worked ,lot collieries in every mining districtof GreatBri tain except Durham, Northum- berland, and Cleveland. The list for Glamorgan- shire and Monmouthshire is very full and As complete, but to analyse this long list, or even to summarise it, would exhaust far more space than is at our disposal to-da,y. Suffice it to say now that the hours worked per day in the numerous collieries in the two counties are by uo means uniform. They vary 10 the extent of 20 per cent. from 8% hours r- l' day in some collieries to 10% per day in othei-a*. This" Retum,"more- over, is most suggestive î:. 0. its omissions, so far as Cardiff, Swansea, and Newport are concerned, and indeed, Glamorgansb ire and Monmouthshire generally. It shows us what a number of profitable and prospers us trades might be introduced into the three towns and to the district by a little individual or combined indus- trial energy and wise foresigfv t. It teaches those, too, who have ears to hear tho value of combina- tion in securing great indu4 trial reforms and abour amelioration. ) All good things are unhappily liable to be per- verted and abused. Even religion when it degenerates into ecclesiasticism can become the oppressor and persecutor of the mind and con- science of men and combination, when its far- reaching power is entrusted to unwise counsellors and imprudent rulers, may work incalculable mischief to those whose welfare it seeks, and whom, if judiciously worked, it would immensely benefit. We are not concerned to deny that combination under the name of trades unionism has worked occasional mischief when controlled by ignorant, prejudiced, or reckless advisers and advocates but the evil that it has done is tenfold, nay a hundredfold more than compensated by the good it has achieved for the working classes a3 whole. The Return before us, although at first sight a jumble of figures enshrining no great underlying truths, is pregnant with valuable teaching on this head to those who will carefully seek for it in the right spirit and in the right way. It shews us that the great reduction, the almost sole reduc- tion, in the severe hours of labour of the worker has taken place within the last 20 or 25 years; since trades' unions have bean more widely and firmly established, and have become powerful in combined eft'orc amongst the great industries of tho kingdom. The more g powerful and the more widely iind liberally supported the Union of any trade is the more certain is that trade to have its labour hours reduced to an equitable minimum and to prevent any invasion of these hours by employers whilst trades that have weak unions, or practically no unions at all, are still forced to work longer hours, and the men are exposed to constant inroads upon their time from masterful or capricious employers. We think this truth is taught by the figures on every page of this Return. Amongst agricultural labourer3 the same truth holds. In Worcestershire, as is well known, there is a strong Labourers Union, and there the labourers work 55% hours per week. In the Stamford district of Lincolnshire there is no union, and there the labourers work 66 hour s per week. The plumbers at Cardiff work 54 hours per week in summer; in Croydcn they work 61 hours per week and in Brighton, 61). The plasterers in Cardiff and in Newport work 54 hours per week; in Reading, 56%. hours per week; and in Taunton, 59%: whilst in Sheffield, where they have a strong organisation, they work on the average 49% hours per week. One of the great lessons taught by this Return is the value of combination, but whether it teaches the wisdom of agitating for a parliamentary limit of eight hours for a day's work is another matter. A parliamentary limit may prove to the working man worse than a Procrustean bed, because there there can be no stretching of an inflexible rule to make up for lost time. It is not the eight hours which is questionable, but the parliamentary sanction therefor. This return certainly does not show its necessity.
MYSTERIOUS DEATI-I AT CARDIFF. On Monday afternoon Mr E. B. Reece, coroner, held an inquest at the Town-hall, Cardiff, on the body of Henry William Taylor, about 40 years old, seaman, of Deptford, who died at the Hama- dryad Hospital Ship from injuries said to have been received on the 16th inst., when, it was alleged, he was maltreated by some men near the Great Western Railway Bridge, Bute-street. —William Henry Tierney, watchman at the Sailors' Home, said that deceased came there on the 17th inst., and stayed till the 23rd. Deceased was out all night on Saturday, the 18th inst., and returned to the home at seven o'clock next morning. He was very drunk, and appeared to have been fighting. He complained of having been shot, and said that his neck and side were affected. There was a small hole in his leg. Witness advised him to go to the Hamadryad Hospital Ship, but ne went out and got drunk all day. Deceased afterwards pro- ceeded to the Hamadryad for treatment.— Dr Hughes, medical officer of the Hamadryad ship, said that deceased came to him for treatment on the 20th inst. drunk. He was suffering from abrasions on the body—about the ankle, left knee, and thigh. There was also a cut on his nose and a small scar on his leg. Deceased told witness that he had been kicked in the leg. Eventually he came to the Hamadryad as an m-patient. He had then erysipelas about the chest and face. He then made statements to witness that he had been shot, and that he had felt something like a pen- knife in a row. Witness probed the wound in the leg. It was punctured, but witness did not think the wound was the result of a shot. De- ceased succumbed on the 26th inst. to exhaustion, the result of irritative erysipelas from drink.— The jury at once returned a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence-" That deceased died from exhaustion, the result of irritative erysipelas from drink."
SLIDING SCALE COMMITTEE. An important and protracted meeting of the workmen's representatives of the Sliding-Scala Committee and the executive of the South Wales and Monmouthshire Miners' Federation was held on Monday at the Grand Hotel, Cardiff, Mr I. Evans presiding, and Mr Alfred Onions occupy- ing the vice-chair. There were also present—Messrs D. Eeynon, J. Phillips, i'j. Jones, Benjamin Ashton, T. D. Isaac, D. Ajax, William Ellis, A. Barrett, Morgan Weekes and Thomas Richards and Lewis Miles, joint secretaries. Letters of apology for non-attendance were I end from Mr Williatn Abraham, M.P., and Mr David Morgan. Mr Isaac Evans and Mr Thomas Richards re- ported the result of an interview with Messrs Morgan and Rhys, the solicitors in the small coal case and it was unanimously decided to convene a general delegate meeting, to be held at the Cymmrodorion Hall, Cardiff. for May 11th, to be continued the following day if necessary. In connection with the conference of federated trades, to be held on Thursday next it was de. cided that representatives should attend as* here- tofore. The imprisonment of Mr Wilson was discussed, and it was resolved to request the differenti col- lieries sending delegates to the Cyminrodorion- hall meeting to appoint representatives to take part in the demonstration of welcome to the general secretary of the Seamen's Union on his release from Cardiff gaol, which has been fixed foi May 13th. The programme for the meeting ou the small coal case was drawn up, and includes the follow- ing important paragraphs: "To receive the report of the accountants for the 3 months ending March 1891;" The eight hours' question reports Shall we as miners federate with the various other branches of industry in South Wales and Monmouthshire?" and "The financial position of the steam-coal section."