THE UNIVERSITY OF WALES. MEETING OF THE COURT AT WREXHAM. The annual extra-collegiate meeting of the Court of the University of Wales was held at the County Hall, Wrexham, on Thursday week. The Court assembled at ten, when there were present Dr Isambard Owen, senior deputy-chancellor, the Hon G T Kenyon, junior deputy-chancellor, Principal H R Reichel, pro vice-chancellor, Principal T F Roberts, Aberystwyth, Mr W Cadwaladr Davies, junior standing counsel, Professor C M Thompson, Acting Principal, University College, Cardiff, Col Mainwaring, Mr D E Jones, treasurer of the Guild of Graduates, Col Pryce-Jones, M.P., Prof Anwyl, Aberystwyth,. Prof Edw Edwards, Aberystwyth, Prof D Morgan Lewis, Aberystwyth, Messrs E Thomas, Llanfair Caereinion, W J Johnson, Aber- ystwyth, Prof Snape, Aberystwyth, Rev G Hart- well Jones, Nutfield, Surrey. A MUNICIPAL WELCOME. Before business was begun, the Mayor of Wrèx. ham said as chief magistrate of the borough, he had the honour and privilege on behalf of the Corpora. tion, the burgesses, and the inhabitants of the town, of extending to the members of the Court a most hearty and cordial welcome.-Dr Isambard Owen returned thanks on behalf of the Court. CONGRATULATIONS TO H.R.H. THE CHANCELLOR. The Senior Deputy Chancellor moved that they offer their most cordial and respectful congratula- tions to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales on his escape from assassination.—The motion was carried, and the message was ordered to be telegraphed to H.R.H. Later in the day the following telegram was treceived from the Prince in reply I cordially bank the Court for their telegram and kind con. gratulations.—Albert Edward." THE LATE PRINCIPAL EDWARDS. The Senior Deputy-Chancellor moved that the Court express the deep and heavy loss Wales had sustained by the death of the late distinguished Principal T C Edwards, D.D.—Principal T F Roberts seconded the motion.—The Rev Aaron Davies supported.—The motion was carried in silence, the members standing. THE LATE DR EDWARD JONES. The Senior Deputy-Chancellor also moved that they express their profound regret at the loss the University of Wales had sustained in the death of Dr Edward Jones, and their appreciation of his valuable services to the cause of intermediate and higher education for many years. The Court desired to express its sympathy with Dr Jones's family in their bereavement.—Mr Cadwaladr Davies seconded the motion, which was also carried in silence. CORRESPONDENCE, &C. H.R.H. the Prince of Wales wrote expressing his cordial thanks to the Court for its good wishes on the occasion of his birthday.-The Rev L C Edwards wrote conveying, on behalf of his sisters and him- self, their sincere thanks for the flowers sent for their father's grave.-The Vice-Chancellor, Prin- cipal Viriamu Jones, sent his grateful thanks to the Court for its sympathy and good wishes.-The Registrar said ll, would be glad to hear that the Vice-Chancellor was progressing satisfactorily.- Dr Isambard Owen said they would allow him to express their extreme gratification at the progress the Vice-Chancellor was making. They hoped he would soon be among them again (hear, hear).-The Lord President of the Council wrote notifying the re-appointment of the Hon G T Kenyon and Mr Brynmor Jones, Q.C., M.P., as members of the Court for five years.—The Merionethshire County Council wrote stating that they bad re-appointed Mr 0 M Edwards, M.P., a member of the Court, and the authorities of Aberystwyth College that they had re-appointed Lord Rendel, Lieut-General Sir J Hills-Johnes, Mr Mortimer Green, and Dr Emrys Jones, in the place of Dr Edward Jones, Principal T F Roberts, Alderman J F Roberts, Dr D R Roberts, and Lieut.-Colonel E Pryce Jones, M.P., for three years. The Headmasters and Headmis- tresses of County Schools had appointed Mr E Thomas, Llanfair, Miss Mason, Bangor, and Mr W J Russell, Wrexham, for three years.-Letters ex. pressing regret for absence were read from, amongst others, Mr Humpbreys-Owen, M.P., and Mr Marchant Williams.—The Senior Deputy-Chan- cellor said their treasurer, Sir J Hills.Johnes, was absent because he was paying a visit to the seat of war. He hoped they would soon see him safely back again (hear, hear.) ELECTIONS. Dr Isambard Owen was re-elected Senior Deputy Chancellor amidst applause. The election of a Junior Deputy-Chancellor was then proceeded with.—The result of the ballot showed all the votes to be in favour of the re-election ot the Hon G T Kenyon and he was accordingly declared appointed. —In returning thanks Mr Kenyon said thanks to the excellent attendance of his friend in the chair, the duties of Junior Deputy-Chancellor were not very onerous, but if ever there were any deficiences to supplement he should be happy to supplement them (cheers). The Executive Committee was elected as follows Professor Snape, Mr Cad- waladr Davies, Lady Verney, Mr Brynmor Jones, M.P., Dr R D Roberts, Professor Dobbie, Mr 0 Owen, Professor Selby, Mr Humphreys-Owen, M.P., Mr D E Jones, Colonel Pryce-Jones, M.P., Mr Wm Edward s.- Colonel Pryoe-Jones moved that the Standing Executive Committee be requested to consider the advisability of amending the present system of voting for the election of officers at the meetings of the Court. He was sure everyone was dissatisfied with the present system of electing officers, for by mistake such men as Mr Hum- phreys-Owen and Mr Brynmor Jones, who had "doce so much for education in Wales, might be overlooked if they did not happen to Le present.- The motion was carried nem. con. A HANDSOME LEGACY. The Senior Deputy-Chancellor said since the Court last met they had received a legacy for the founding of open scholarships from; Mr Price Davies, of Denbighshire, who had spent the greater part of his life in Leeds. The scholarships, which were open to the world, were to be given entirely on the results of competitive examinations. The solicitors had informed them that after all pay- ments had been made about £5,500 would come to the University (cheers). He moved that the matter be referred to the Standing Executive Committee to deal with.-This was agreed to. FINANCIAL. The estimate for the yeer 1900-1 was presented by the Executive Committee, the total being £4,486, as compared with JB4,737 in 1899.1900 and JB4,116 for 1898-9.—The Senior Deputy-Chancellor said the Committee thought of making some representation to the Government as to money, but this had been thought hardly a propitious year for doing so and they decided to defer it.—Mr W C Davies, present. ing the financial report, said the year began with a deficit of R128 7s 6d, and ended with a consider- ably larger deficit of zC288 8s 8d. That was accounted for by the fact that the Committee estimated the expenditure at £4,737, whereas the sum provided by the Treasury was limited to £ 4,000. HOSPITALITY. At mid-day the Court was entertained to luncheon at the Wynnstay Hotel by the Mayor, who presided. He was supported by the Mayoress, the Senior Deputy-Chancellor, the Junior Deputy. Chancellor, and others—After lunch, the Mayor proposed The Queen," and the toast was duly honoured- Continuing, the Mayor proposed H.R.H. the Chancellor," and said he thought one reason why they should drink that toast was that the Chan- cellor bore the name of their beloved country (cheers). Another reason was the dastardly attempt upon his life which had been made recently. He was sure they were all thankful that he had escaped without injury (cheers).-Sir Robert Cun- liffe proposed The University of Wales." He believed he was one of the earliest subscribers to the College at Aberystwyth, and he had also taken a humble share in the establishment of Bangor College, the distinguished Principal of which was present that day. They did not have to look far to see how great was the need in Wales for that keenness after higher education. Partly owing to its isolation by having a separate language and partly by its remoteness Wales had no doubt suffered in the past. They were cut off, by having no language except their own, from contact with the progress made in the rest of the world except what reached them through translations. No people could stand in such a position without suffer- ing [great social and commercial disadvantages. That, however, only referred to about one-third of the population, who, according to the last census, spoke Welsh. Although Wales had suffered in some degree through isolation, yet in no part of the United Kingdom would they find people who were more able to take advantage of the opportunities which were now laid before them (cheers). The Welsh people had distinguished themseltes in art, literature, and music. That had in the past been more or less sustained and fostered by the help of eisteddfodau, but now the study of the arbs might be carried on by the young students in a much higher degree. A Welshman who was fond of literature could not be satisfied with studying ancient Welsh compositions, however interesting they might be. It was difficult to estimate the enormous gain the University must be to the Princi- pality in the course of a few generations. He hoped no one would think that because they wanted their yonng Welshmen and Welshwomen to take up those studies they would lose any of their love for Wales (hear, hear). That had not been the case in Scot- land or in Wales, for where could they find men who loved Scotland better than Scott or Burns P Both of them were perfectly aware that there were hills beyond the Cumbrians and fortbs beyond the Forth (cheers). So a man might travel far before he would find mountains as beautiful as those of Wales, but when he did find them they would not lesson his love for Wales. As to Ireland, where would they find names more distinguished as writers, statesmen or soldiers, than those of Irish- men P They wished to see the higher form of culture opening up to the young men and women of Wales so that they would be good Welshmen and good Welshwomen, and able to take their place among their compeers of the United Kingdom as worthy citizens of the republic of arts, literature and music (cheers).—Dr Isambard Owen said he thought lie might claim on behalf of the Court to say that they were doing their utmost to de- serve the appreciation which had been shown them. They might certainly claim that there was no British University which had at a more early date justified its existence, and, he might say, surpassed the expectations of its promoters. Great Britain generally had been a little too prone to neglect the importance of education which con- tinental nations, even the most economical ones had done well to avail themselves of. They had, perhaps, been a little too confident in the inherent qualities of the British race, and in its power to surpass other races without recourse to those labo- rious means of training which other nations on the Continent had found the necessity of (hear, hear). Perhaps they might say that during the last few years there had been throghout Great Britain a considerable awakening in that matter. They had awakened to see that large branches of manufac- tures and commerce were passing into the hands of their better-trained German rivals (hear, hear). They had awakened to see that many millions of British money were passing out of this country every year in payment for articles of agricultural produce, which might have been kept at home (cheers). Within the last six months they had had an evan more than rude awakening, for they had found that even the mag- nificent qualities of the finest troops in the world might be spent in vain unless informed by exact scientific knowledge and guided by carefully-trained intellectual faculties (cheers). They had, perhaps, attached a little too much importance to the saying said to be used by the Duke of Wellington, that Waterloo was won on the playing fields of Eton, and not enough to the equally pregnant remark attri- buted to Von Moltke, that the issue of the Franco- Prussian War was decided in the public schoolrooms of Prussia (hear, hear). He hoped when they came to view the work of the year, they would realise that they were not pursuing a mere private aim, but were undertaking a work which was as important as the administration of justice (cheers). He wished to thank the Mayor and Mayoress for their princely hospitality to the Court, and he was sure the Court would re-echo his feelings when he referred to the trying circumstances in which he had entertained them (hear, hear).- The Hon G T Kenyon said his duties were limited to filling any deficiencies of the Senior Deputy- Chancellor, and if there were no deficiences, what were his duties ? (laughter). He and Sir Robert Cunliffe stood in similar positions, for they were both graduates in a science which was not recog- nised in the University curriculum-they were graduates in the science of political warfare (laughter). They had both obtained first-class 1 honours as successful and unsuccessful candidates (laughter). He was sure they would congratulate them, and hoped that they would repeat the per- formance (renewed laughter). They were, how- ever, in the usual position of wanting money, and be hoped that visit of the Court would stimulate the generosity of their friends to make Wrexham what it should be—one of the chief centres of educational progress in North Wales (cheers).-On the call of the Senior Deputy. Chancellor, the health of the Mayor and Mayoress was drunk with musical honours.—The Mayor, in reply, said he could assure them that no event in their lives had given them greater pleasure than that visit of the Court. They only regretted the circumstances in which they had to entertain them, and they fully appreciated their kind sympathy (cheers). THE REPRESENTATION OF COUNTY SCHOOL TEACHERS. The Court re-assembled at three.—The Clerk to the Central Welsh Board wrote intimating that the period for which Mr Charles Owen, Merthyr Tydfil, Professor R W Phillips, Bangor, and Mr T W Phillips, Newport, were elected by the Court to be members of the Board would expire on May 13.— Mr W J Russell, speaking as Chairman of the County Schools Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Association, said the Association felt that they were not sufficiently represented on the Central Welsh Board, and the Court had graciously nomi- nated three or four headmasters and headmistresses to be members of the Board. He therefore asked the Court, in accordance with that understanding, to re-elect Mr C Owen and Mr T W Phillips.—The election was made by ballot, and Mr F P Dodd, Professor R W Phillips and Mr R E Hughes were declared elected.-The Court continued sitting until evening, but the discussions were of a purely technical character.
CENTRAL WELSH BOARD. The sixth half-yearly meeting was held at Car- narvon on Friday and Saturday.—Mr Humphreys- Owen, M.P., was unanimously re-elected chairman, and Principal Viriamu Jones vice-chairman.— Replying to a welcome offered by the Mayor of Carnarvon, the Chairman referred to the services rendered to Welsh Intermediate Education by Mr Arthur Acland, at one time a resident in Carnar- vonshire, and by Mr W N Bruce. Referring to the new schoolroom in which they met, be said he could not help comparing it with the cock lofts and sheds in which Dr Vaughan and Bishop Westcott at Harrow produced the men of the generation which was just passing away, and said if the Chief Inspector could be carried back for 50 years to in- spect the rooms in which Lord Spencer, Sir G Tre- velyan, Sir M W Ridley, Lord G Hamilton, and many other men distinguished in both Houses of Parlia- ment received their early tuition, they would have in the form of a special report a moat urgent re- presentation to the Treasury that all grants should be stopped immediately (laughter). The policy of Welsh educationists bad oeen to have many centres of enlightenment, so as to bring education to the doors of the people, and he had only to appeal to all interested in the prosperity of Wales to take a keen and enlightened interest in the education given in the schools (cheers). While Welshmen had con- tributed very much to the service of the Empire and the Queen, they would be enabled in .the future to increase this service ten-fold.—No' action was taken on a letter suggesting the forma- tion of a cadet corps in canuection with the schools, and a suggestion that the history of Wales should be taught was referred to the Ex- ecutive.—The draft report to the County Govern- ing Bodies was considered, and with some minor alterations adopted.-The cost of examination for the year was £2,510 (7s 11 Jd per pupil exam- ined), of inspection £1,026 (2s 9d per pupil on the books), and of administration £1,130 (3s Oid per pupil on the books).—The Board, while warmly approving the attendance of probationer pupil teachers at the Intermediate Schools, did not think it in their province to advise the accept- ance of any scheme for that object. Referring to the establishment of higher elementary schools, the Board approved a resolution of the Executive expressing a hope that in the constitution of the Consultative Committee under the Board of Education Act adequate representation will be given to the Central Board, and that in all matters affecting Welsh Intermediate education the special knowledge and position of the Board will not be ignored. The expenditure for the ensuing year was estimated at JE4,969 3s 2d and the income at JE5,022 16s.—A proposal of Mrs Humphreys- Owen's, that the Board examinations be held in the spring term was defeated; and another proposal by the same lady that the examination in vocal music for pupils between twelve and sixteen be confined to solos, duets, or three-voice pieces was after discussion withdrawn.—Professor E. Anwyl, Miss Mary Collin, the Rev Aaron Davies, Alderman J Jones Griffith, Mr A C Humphreys-Owen, M.P., Mr P P Pennant, and Mr Trevor Owen were elected members of the Executive; and Miss Jones of Wrexham and Sir Robert Cunliffe were amongst those elected to represent the Board on the University Court.—The Executive reported that Mr Headlam being unable to take up the duties of temporary inspector this year, and they appointed Mr A M Bell, M.A., Oxon, to act during the summer term at a fee of £ 75, with first class railway fares and hotel expenses.— The Board requestedjthe Board to take steps as early as they deem it advisable for securing the services of a regular assistant to the Chief Inspector.
COLONEL PRYCE-JONES AND RURAL SCHOOLMASTERS. Colonel Pryce-Jones has just had settled a matter of importance to country schoolmasters. Reoently, the schoolmaster of Cemmaes, was appointed sub- postmaster for the village, an appointment which, after considerable delay, was sanctioned by the Postmaster General. Efforts being made to induce the Education Board to: bring about the schoolmas- ter's resignation, Colonel Pryce-Jones was requested, in the interest of country schoolmasters, to take the matter up. The hon. member has received a letter stating that Sir J Gorst has inquired into the case, and that he understands that the Board of Education are not going to insist upon Mr Phillips's resignation. The school work, of course, must not be allowed to suffer in any way, and Mr Phillips must not infringe the Code by doing any work for the post-office during school hours. But, subject to the above, Sir John holds that the desirability of Mr Phillips holding the postmastership then becomes a qnestion, if at all, rather for the Postmaster General than for the Board of Education."
NONCONFORMISTS AND THE WAR. The following from the Rev R J Campbell, appeared in the Daily News of Wednesday :— CAPETOWN, April 2nd. So much has been written and said concerning the state of Colonial feeling in regard to the settle- ment which is to follow the war that the British public may be held to be well informed on the matter, and disinclined to listen to further evidence. Yet the more one learns of the issue involved the vaster and more complex does the subject appear. Our statesmen at home should receive the loyal and hearty support of all public-spirited men at the present moment, for they have never had a more difficult and delicate problem to solve than that which the South African situation presents. It is only when one makes the acquaintance of public opinion in Greater Britain that the disadvantages of our party system become most clearly apparent. Here men care little for the domestic politics of Liberal or Tory; all they are concerned about is the attitude which the Government of the day takes upon Imperial questions. They desiderate firmness and consistency, and quite fail to apprehend how it can be possible for adherents of either political party to do other than sink their differences in face of a great crisis in which the wellbeing and future stability of the whole Empire are involved. I mentioned last week the remarkable contrast between the opinion of an influential section of Nonconformists in England, and that of their co- religicnists at the Cape in regard to the present struggle and its possible outcome. I had not realised however, how marked that difference was until I came here. To say that the pronouncements of Dr Clifford, Dr Horton, and others are read with sur- prise but very feebly describes the feeling of Colonials. They are received with indignant pro- test, and wonder is expressed on all hands that Free Church leaders in the old country should pay so little respect to the all but unanimous opinion of their co-religionists out here. I have tried to ex- plain to Capetown audiences the mistrust with which we Nonconformists at home have watched the alliance of Conservative Imperial- ism, militarism, capitalism, jingoism, and what not, as well as our reluctance to consent to what seems a reversal of the traditional Liberal policy of respect for the rights of small nationalities; but Colonial-born Protestants cannot be expected to understand these and kindred subjects as we do. Making allowance for the undoubted exaggeration and distortion, which their nearness to the scene of trouble undoubtedly creates, I can only agree with them that if some of those whose public position in England compels them to pronounce on Imperial politics would come out to the Cape and see for themselves, they would speak very differently. I can, at any rate, vouch for it from personal experience, that they would have no reason to complain of the heartiness of a Colonial welcome. The history of the last 19 years of Transvaal Government is well known, but not so well as it ought to be. Has there been a Dutch conspiracy to overthrow British supremacy throughout the whole of South Africa ? I think there can be no doubt about it, but the secret appears to have been the possession of the few, not of the many, and even against the few it is easier to furnish mora than legal proof. Bat seeing what the antecedents of Boer and Briton have been during the greater part of a century, it were impossible but that sooner or later the issue should be arrived at which the God of Battles is now invoked to decide. Dutch Afrikanderdom of the Kruger type has staked its future upon this one throw. In either event the result will be a federated South Africa; but a federated South Africa under the British flag and a federated South Africa under the Transvaal flagaiW two very different political ideals. The one means freedom, order, progress, equality of Englishmen and Dutchmen before the law and in political privileges. The other means Conservatism, intoler- ance, the dominence of a caste, and the triumph of old -world ideals arrogantly enforced. It is not a conflct between Imperialism and Republicanism but between free institutions and unenlightened oligarchy. I have just come from attending the great mass meeting of Capetown citizens in Green Market Square, called by the Vigilance Committee to give puclic expression to Colonial opinion as to the settlement. The following resolution was submitted to the vast assembly by Sir Gordon Sprigg, and carried amid a scene of the greatest enthusiasm: As British subjects assembled in Capetown, we desire to express our entire concurrence with the refusal of her Majesty's Ministers to allow the South African Republic and the Orange Free State to retain their independence; and we hereby declare our solemn conviction that the incorporation of those States within the dominions of the Queen can alone secure peace, prosperity, and public freedom throughout South Africa." The show of hands was a dramatic moment, and tho climax of a scene that I would not have missed for a great deal. There was no contrary, for, as a facetious onlooker observed, there were none of the Cabinet Ministers of Cape Colony present. After the singing of the National Anthem and Rule Britannia," cheers were given for Sir Gordon Sprigg, who, stepping upon the table in front of the Mayor, responded by pointing upward to the flag the folds of which formed a canopy over him. The audience caught his meaning, and burst forth again, cheer following cheer from every part of the square, until the speakers retired. It was an impressive spectacle, and left no doubt as to the loyalty of this part of the Colony, at any rate. Similar meetings are being held in all the principal towns, as you will probably know long before this faaches you.
NATIVE RISING IN ASHANTI. Telegrams were received at the Colonial Office on Saturday and Sunday from the Governor of the Gold Coast, Sir F Hodgson, stating that on April 25 KumaBi was surrounded by a great force of Ashan- tis, whifch made a determined attack on the fort The Hausas were obliged to evacuate the canton- ment, and an engagement lasting four hours ensued. On the 29th another attack was made on the fort, but successfully resisted. The reinforcements had begun to arrive, and confidence was being restored. On the following day a contingent was attacked by about 8,000 Ashantis two miles from Kumasi, and several of the latter were found to have arms of precision. The rebels were again routed. A telegram sent off last Thursday represents the situation as unchanged. Another encounter took place on Wednesday, and great loss was inflicted on the Ashantis.