¿l F. Iftetropclilair dusstp. BY OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. rihe remarks under this head are to he regarded as the ex- pression of independent opinion, from the peg of agentleman m whom we haw the greatest coaiideuce, but for which we aevertheless do not hold ourselves responsible.] Both Lords and Commons are now working away with a will, and are striving their utmost to expedite business, with the natural desire to commence their holidays as soon as possible. The Commons have suc- ceeded in dispatching the bete noire of the Session-the Reform Bill of IS67,-but the. question is being asked, whether the House of Lords will pass a bill which is so much more Liberal than the Ministry ever contem- plated? At present all is surmise, though public opinion decidedly inclines to the affirmative; but we shall soon be in a better position to anticipate the probable result. It would not be very easy, and it certainly is not particularly desirable to add anything to the "full, true, and particular" accounts of the welcoming and festivity occasioned by the visit of the Sultan, the Viceroy, and the Belgians. I think the general result of all this must be beneficial. Several facts have transpired which show that both of our distinguished guests have already taken one or two leaves out of our book, and perhaps they are also verifying the old adage, that "by others' faults wise men correct their own." If this visit tend to give us a better knowledge than we already possess of Turkey and Egypt—as it will certainly tend to give the Sovereigns of those countries a better knowledge of us-so much the better for the three countries. As to the Belgians, they are being received everywhere with a hearty welcome, and we who are among them see much more of this welcom- ing than can be recorded by reporters. The Belgians must have had a poor opinion of our administrative talent in bringing them to London, but they cannot have two opinions about our being heartily glad to see them, or about our many ways of showing this. They have already taught us one lesson, and not a very flattering one-how much superior they are to us as linguists. Almost every Belgian speaks French and Flemish, and one of them told me that just about one half of those who have come over speak English. Making a liberal allowance for a little probable vanity and mistake, say one quarter shall we find out of a similar number of volunteers a quarter who speak French ? The Sultan continues to be the observed of all observers," and happy are they who have seen the Commander of the Faithful in the fleah thrice happy, or at least twice happy are they who have seen both the Sultan and the Viceroy. I am afraid we are making a good many mistakes about them both, and no wonder, for "the best possible instructors" vary considerably in their statements as to them. I am not going to attempt to set my readers right where they may possibly be wrong; in fact I want a little point cleared up myself. Does the Sultan, and does the Viceroy speak Arabic or Turkish ? It is the same language, say some to whom, I have put the question. But that is certainly not the case. I have taken the trouble carefully to compare a certain verse in the bible printed in Turkish and Arabic, and tkough there is a similarity, there is a decided differ- ence. I noticed that when the Viceroy spoke at the Mansion House, some papers said he spoke in Arabic, and some that he spoke in Turkish. Dr. Altschul, a well-known linquist, writing on this subject, adds a further difhculty. He says, It is a great mistake to suppose that his Highness Ismail Pasha, does not understand any other language but Arabic and Persian, because he spoke in his native tongue but what is his native tongue the doctor does not say. Earl Spencer, it is understood, as lord of the manor of Wandsworth, intends to lay out a part of the common as a recreation ground, and to appropriate another part for building villas. What may be the rights of his lordship and the rights of the public I cannot say, but I believe law will be called in to decide. Pour mot, with very pleasant recollections of rambles on this common, I much regret that already it has been considerably encroached upon, and I fear that, somehow or other, we shall soon lose the re- mainder, all that will be left to us being a little formal park, which will not be highly appreciated in the locality, and which will be too far off from London to be of any value to the Londoners proper and improper. Another lovely place-a spot remarkable for its quiet rural beauty, though within four miles in a right line from Charing Cross—I refer to Dulwich, which, thanks to the ownership of Dulwich College has hitherto remained uninvaded by the builders. But the immemorial "five fields have now been enclosed, preparatory, perhaps, to the arrival of the navvy and the bricklayer. Would that something could be done,' at any cost, to secure this lovely bit of real country scenery to the Londoner before it is too late On Saturday, in charging the grand jury at Warwick, Mr. Baron Pigott expressed regret that the ten garotte robberies in the calendar showed an increase of three on that of 1866. He had hoped, he said, in common with others, that the additional punishment which the Legislature had provided for the offence, at the discretion of the judge, would have been attended with more beneficial results than that calendar exhibited. Although every one must be averse to applying such a punishment as flogging to any human being where it could be avoided, yet a judge was bound to use every means the Legislature had placed in his power to repress crime. For his own part, he did not hesitate to say that where persons weie convicted before him of this offence, and had shown an utter disregard for the life or health of the person assaulted, and robbed, he should assuredly in- flict the punishment of the lash. He hoped it would go forth, and that it would have a good effect on all persons who desired to commit robberies, that if they accompanied them with violence they must expect to be treated with severity, and to receive the additional punishment of personal chastisement, This year will be memorable for the number of Sovereigns who have left their dominions to learn the customs and habits of other nations and peoples, and the King of Sweden is now added to the list of Royal tottrists. After visiting Berlin, he will go by way of Frankfort to Vichy, where he will remain three weeks, in order to take the baths. The Queen and Princess Royal Louisa of Sweden accompany the King so far as Frankfort, and thence proceed to Holland on a visit to the Queen's family. Their Majesties travel by the names of the Count and Countess of Beckaskog.
PASSING EVENTS, RUMOURS, &c. A deputation from the Cotton Supply Association waited upon the Sultan at liuckingham Palace, on ilonday to urge upon him the imp02 tance of extending the cultivation of cotton in the Ottoman empire, at the same time congratula- ting him upon what had already been done in that direction. It was stated in an address that was presented to his Majesty on the occasion, that while the quantity of cotton imported from the Turkish dominions in 1-862 was only 41,212 cwt. in 1865 it had reached upwards of 223,000 cwt., without tak'in" into account that which had been exported to other coun° tries. The resident magistrate in Belfast, Mr. O'Donnell, has complimented the people of that town upon the peaceable manner in which the twelfth of July passed over. ILe heaviest sentence ue had inflicted on any person arrested on that occasion was two months' imprisonment for an assault, and altogether the cases that had come before him, many of them of a trifling nature, only amounted in number to thirty-eight. It was highly creditable to the inhabitants," he said, that on a day fraught with so much excitement, and when large bodies of the population had assembled together, that such was the fact." In 1865 hesat, along with another magistrate, from eleven in the morning until half- past seven in the evening, disposing of cases arising out of the anniversary. In 1866 the same thing occurred; but this year he had left the bench as early as two o'clock in the day. The Augsburg Gazette had the other day an amusing squib. It printed what purported to be a circular despatch from Prince Gortschakoff, declaring that the condition of Ireland was a European question. The circular was a direct imitation of some of those which the British Government sent out some years ago as to Poland. Everyone who read the circular in the Augsburg Gazette must have seen that it was a squib: but, nevertheless, the .Journal of St. Peters- bin q, gravely declares that the despatch is a pure inven- tion. The Norwegians jealously keep to themselves, and apart from the Swedish Government the control of their army and fleet, and fit out vessels after their own heart. They have just completed a monitor called The Scorpion, which is now 011 its way to Stockholm. Jt carries in a turret two Arm- strong guns, which throw 3501b. shot with a charge of 441b. of powder. The guns weigh 74,0001b. Notwithstanding this, the machinery for working them is so excellent that they can be manoeuvred by one man alone. The sides of the iron tur- ret are eleven inches thick, and are lined inside with horse- hair mattresses. The monitor is worked by engines of 1iiO- horse power, and is manned by eighty men, twenty of whom attend to the engines and twenty man the guns. The cost of the monitor and her equipment has been 50,0006. In the House of Commons, the other evening, infr. Roebuck gave his version of the squabble between himself and Mr. Connolly, which had led to the exclusion of the latter from the board-room of the Royal Commission on Trade Unions. After declaring at a public meeting his abhorrence of the dark deeds which have been done at Sheffield, Connolly went on to ask, But what can you expect from a town which re- turns Alr. Roebuck?" Air. Roebuck reported this observa- tion to his brother Commissioners, told them he would never consent to sit in the same room with a man who had asked such a question, and left them to decide between two things -whether they would exclude Connolly, or whether he him- self should withdraw. "They excluded 1fr. Connolly," said the hon. learned gentleman, "and I remained." The House received Mr. Roebuck's statement with shouts of laughter. Among the witnesses examined at the adjourned inquest upon the Warrington railway collision on Friday was Colonel Yolland, the Government inspector, who, says the Manches- ter Gu&raian, stated that when an accident occurred at the same place five years ago, Captain Tyler enquired into the circumstances, and presented to the London and North- Western Company a report which specified many recommen- dations as to the safer wonking of the traffic at the junction, Had they been adopted the recent collision could not have occurred; yet not only had they been neglected, but alterations had been made which made the junction worse than before. The. Turin Gazette recently published an article, encour- aging the attempts against Rome in the name of the national sentiment. General Garibaldi has just addressed to that journal a letter, in which he shows more and more his resolution of assisting in the enfranchisement of the Eternal City. 11 Without Rome," he says, there is no repose, no prosperity, no Italy possible. The Roman insurrection will certainly take place: where a rising of the people com- mences is known, but where it will finish is a thing impossible to predict."
THE VICEROY OF EGYPT AT THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SHOW. On Monday the Viceroy of Egypt left London to visit the Tloyal Agricultural Society's Exhibition at Bury St. Edmund's. His Highness is great in ploughs and harrows, and does all that a ruler in such a country can do to ensure there being corn in Bgypt." He had, therefore, doubtless great pleasure in seeing what marvels of mechanical ingenuity the" clod- compellers" of this cloudy clime are driven to employ not only in the processes of culture, but in the pre- paration of food for stock and the economisation of human labour. Owing to the lingering presence of the rinderpest in this country no stock was exhibited, and the show, therefore, was, unfortunately, somewhat shorn of its fair ordinary proportions.—The Daily News gives the following account of the Viceroy's visit to the Exhibition:— Dwelling in tents may be pleasant in warm dry weather, but the reverse when rain falls and drives in perpetual plenty. It only required bad weather to complete the disad- vantages to be contended against by the society this year, and we have bad weather to-day without stint. The summer showers of Sunday were succeeded by a magnificent moon- light, that gave promise of sunshine to-day; but after midnight the wind shifted into a cold quarter, and the rain began to fall with depressing perseverance. Resolving to brave the worst the inhabitants of the town were busy soon after daylight in adding to the pretty decorations that were already to be seen, cheering each other in their hammering and snipping by a feigned belief that the rain was merely the pride of the morning." The show yard was I deplo- rably desolated place at the opening; desolated because of the few visitors dreary because nearly everything was covered up and closed in cheerless because of the cold rain that drove into your face turn which way you would and additionally uninviting on account of the universal mud and slush. The judges, with their waterproof garments, might be seen at their duties; and unhappy-looking labourers literally clad in sackcloth were at the pens looking after their charge. But the only other visitors were men specially interested in the exliiiiitioii-breeders, owners, officials, or persons of influence connected with the society. Ordinary people did not probably feel inclined to pay 5s. for the en- joyment in prospect. The excursion trains came in one after another with lines of empty carriages, and the cabs and omnibuses that had been brought to Bury to share in the golden harvest that everybody haped to reap, stood in the rain,,with horses and drivers the very picture of despair. This is no doubt an unlucky opening day, and it will entail heavy loss upon many who had provided extensively for the occasion. The great event of the day, if not of the week, has been the visit ef the Viceroy of Egypt. The townspeople up to the last moment could not be dissuaded from believing that the Viceroy would bring with him agorgeQus retinue, includ- ing the Sultan and the Prince of Wales. The authorities had been apprised that the visit was to be as private as pos- sible, and no special preparations were accordingly made for his reception at the railway station. The station-master added a few evergreens to the other decorations, and placed some red cloth upon the ground from the spot where the carriage would halt to the entrance door. There were only thirty or forty persons in the station at the time of his Highness's arrival, and not more than 100 outside. The train came in a little before twelve o'clock, and the Mayor of Bury (who Angularly enough happens to be a very success- ful farmer), the corporation, and some of the railway direc- tors, grouped themselves before the royal saloon carriage to receive their distinguished visitor, who was accompanied by one oriental attendant and two or three English gentlemen. His Highness was introduced to the mayor and to Sir E. Kerrison, whose carriage waited without. Hats were taken off by the spectators on the platform, and his Highness ac- knowledged his reception with his usually dignified and rapid salutation. He at once walked out of the station, and Sir E. Kerrison's carriage dashed off through the mud at a speed that was considered very unnecessary by the small groups in the street who had been waiting an hour to see him. His Highness, in passing, took a half-amused glance at the fine show of umbrellas that lined the approach to the station, while the spectators, whose ideas of an Eastern monarch were doubtless associated with "barbaric pearl and gold," allowed the Viceroy to pass without sending a single cheer after him. It was incredible to them that the plainly-dressed gentleman in what seemed to them to be a common smoking-cap could be the much-talked-of visitor. By and bye an elderly gentleman, with military moustache, in a splendid suite of blue and gold, and wearing a broad cap and heavy epaulettes, appeared with a short, thick gold wand In his hand. He hastily clambered upon a cob that was arrayed m a showy blue saddle cloth, and can- tered off after the carriages containing the Viceroy and the mayor and corporation. The strangers present cheered him heartily, little thinking that the gentleman was the chief constable (a naval captain), and not the descendant of the Pharaohs. If the day had been fine the Viceroy would have seen an abundance of flags, and flowers, and people, but the flags now clung to their poles, and the carriage windows were too dimmed with wet to allow the inmates to be grati- fied by seeing the floral decorations or their authors. Sir E. Kerrison's carriage drove into the show-ground amidst the firing of cannon and some little cheering. The Viceroy must have arrived without due announcement, for when the carriage stopped at the little tent opposite the entrance where his highness was to partake of refreshment, a workman was just beginning to lay down a piece of red cloth upon the pathway. The carriage drove up in a twinkling, and while the secretary was hurrying up from his office, and the carpet-layer still on his hands and knees, the Viceroy got out of the carriage, and had to pause for a moment or two until the laying of the red cloth was hastily completed. His Highness was received by the chief members of the society's council, and conducted into the tent to luncheon. A few gentlemen were admitted, the curtain was drawn, and the feast proceeded, while the wind rose and the rain beat upon the drenched canvas more than ever. A pole had been erected in front ofc this tent with the intention of hoisting the Egyptian flag before his Highness arrived. The intention was not, how- ever, carried out, and during the luncheon, the spectators, who crowded outside the barrier around the tent, roared again and again with laughter at the efforts of a iabourer to climb up a slippery pole and fit the rope in its proper place. The work was eventually done, and when his Highness re-appeared the crescent and the star were flutter- ing violently in the storm. The Viceroy, his interpreter, the Earl of Shrewsbury and Talbot, and Sir E. Kerrison, seated themselves in the carriage, and commenced their inspection of the show-yard. Earl Cathcart, on horseback, directed the movements of the coachman, having evidently drawn up a programme of the chief things to be inspected. Mr. Torr, an active member of the council of the society, accompaniedjand assisted the noble earl. About a hiiiidi-efl" general followers with umbrellas trudged through the thick mud close behind the carriage, and the mayor and two or three other gentlemen came after in a second carriage. A workman waited upon the Viceroy's carriage with a cloth covered board about a yard square for his highness to stand upon, but during his visit he did not once leave the carriage. The first halt was at Crowe's large portable 7-horse power thrashing machine, with engine. This implement numbers amongst many other advantages the power of moving from stack to stack and being at work in five minutes from the time it stops. The ponderous machine was set in motion by its two engine drivers and was managed so as to turn almost in its own length. The stand of Morton & Co. (Liverpool) was next visited, and the Viceroy from the carriage window looked at the specimens of galva- nised wire fencing and gate work. His chief object, however, in stopping here was to inspect the improvements shown for cotton ginning. It has been proved oy successful experiments that Egypt can produce cotton nearly equal to Sea-island, and the cultivation of the fibre is looked to both by cotton- spinners here and cultivators and political economists there, as the future hope of the country. This, no doubt, was why the Viceroy paid special attention to Messrs. Morton's model of an iron building for ginning or manufacturing cotton, the original of which was recently sent to the West Indies. Some highly-finished light land ploughs at Messrs. Boby's stand next claimed notice, and then a remarkable machine, manufactured by Marsden, of Leeds, for crushing stones or ore. It was set in motion, and the Viceroy witnessed with surprise the almost instantaneous breaking up of small boulders into fragments no larger than a bean. The Viceroy asked several questions in French through Lord Shrewsbury, and the answers at this, as at subsequent halting places, were promptly written down by the interpreter. His highness was so interested in this implement that he soiled his yellow kids by handling the crushed fragments. The carriage drove on to Howard's stand, where an agent who could talk French explained the use of various implements direct to his high- ness, who questioned and cross-questioned him upon the merits of a new patent one-horse sheaf-delivery reaper, which, with a man and horse, will cut down a field of corn and leave it in compact sheaves ready for the binders. A passing glance at Warner and Sons' chain pump, to be used for irrigation or dredging purposes, brought the Viceroy to a stand where Messrs. Musgrave had a model of a superb herse-box erected. This was minutely inspected, the various contrivances of the manger and floor being at the Viceroy's request, tested on the spot. A description of the invention in French was handed to the Viceroy as he passed on. Dur- ing these visits the agents of several minor manufacturers, with a keen eye to business, rushed at the carriage and thrust in trade circulars and carcls-one bold workman ac- tually insisting upon the Viceroy noticing a bucketful of chaff which he held at the open window. The party next drove to the horse-ring, and the carriage was halted opposite the leaping bars. The band of the Suf- folk Militia, in a tent near, struek up the Egyptian hymn, and there was a little cheering from under the umbrellas. The prize horses were all ordered out of their pens, and were walked, trotted, and cantered in front of the carriage. The moveable bar was also adjusted, and the hunters repeated their leaps. The old racer Scottish Chief was much no- ticed by the Viceroy; the animal's reputation having prob- ably something to do with the marked attention he received. With this exception the Viceroy did not appear to care as much about the horses as the machinery. This opinion was strengthened when in a few minutes, after looking at the beautifully fleeced sheep and hideously-fatted pigs, he returned again to the implement department, this time selecting the machinery in motion. The carriage proceeded at a slow walking pace, and every stand was noticed. Ran- some and Sims's stand of miscellaneous patents, Barford's enormous road-rollers, Turner and Fardon's thrashing machine hrash every description of corn without break- ing the straw, and Aveling and Porter's agricultural locomo- tive, were severally examined as his Highness drove down the gt ound on his way out. The last visit was to Howard's steam ploughs, in a field about a quarter of a mile off. The carriages on leaving this went at once to the station, where the special train was ready. The Mayor thanked the Viceroy for the honour he had done the town, and expressed his hope that England and Egypt would long extend their commercial and agricultural relations to the advantage of both. The Viceroy, through his interpreter, said he had been extremely interested with his visit, and only regretted that the unfavourable weather had prevented him from enjoying the show as he could have wished. The Mayor called for three cheers for the Viceroy as the train started for London. Mr. Mihier Gibson was amongst the gentlemen on the platform. There were but little signs of improvement in the show ground during the afternoon. The rain ceased occasionally, but the number of visitors was not much added to. A few ladies, in a painfully draggled state, braved the weather for a time, but could not remain long. The horses have been the chief point of interest to the majority of those who have ventured to the exhibition. Some little disappointment is felt on account of the slight competition in one or two classes, and the inferiority of others. The thorough-breds and hunters are not remarkable as classes for either their quality or quaiitity-a rather surprising cireumstance con- sidering the splendid hunting country which the district of the show includes. Of these horses it is generally considered there is nothing better than a fair average show. Roadsters and carriage horses are so good that one is led to regret there are not more of them to look at, and the same remark will apply to ponies. The great strength of the horse department is in the Suffolks. They are a superb collection of chestnuts, such as is seldom seen on one ground, and the trials in the fine ring appropriated for the purpose were worth witnessing, if only to note the improvement that has taken place in the celebrated Suffolk punches. The horses are not quite so punchy ate they were twenty years ago, but they still preserve their main points Passing to the sheep we come to a succession of classes of uniform excellence. The downy portions of Suffolk are almost the Paradise of sheep farmers, and if this district did not furnish admirable sheep it would have been something to wonder at, but not expect. Leicesters, Cotswolds, Lincolns, Oxfordshires, Southdowns, Shropshires, and Suffolks are about equally represented, and represented so well that the judges were puzzled to decide between the competitors Pigs were good, ugly, and numerous, but the dairy produce was hardly worth bringing. There were but nine entries of butter, and one of cheese. Lady Caroline Kerrison's name was amongst the nine who tried for the prizes for 61b. of fresh butter, and she obtained the first prize. Poultry of all classes were of the best descrip- tion, and in no decreasing quantity, but the judges declared the cheese to be beneath mention. The miscellaneous articles that find their way into the implement catalogue increase every year in variety and in number. Machines made to shell peas and slice cucumbers, family mangles and washing machines, patent gate posts, and cow-house fittings, water carts and cheese presses, clothes wringers and garden chairs, mowing machines and grinding mills, tanned leather and sausage machines, silk- worms and screw jacks, were added to the standard imple- ments of husbandry arranged over the greater portion of the ground.
NOT GIVING THEM ENOUGH TO EAT! There has been a good deal of dissatisfaction ex- pressed at the meagre entertainment given by the corporation of the city of London to the Belgian Volunteers, and on the subject An English Officer" thus writes to The Times Your remarks on the Guildhall entertainment are not only strictly true, but amount to a positive act of kindness to the entertainers, who I know were most anxious that all should go well. The following hasty particulars may assist in fitting the cap to the right head, for it is high time the dis- credit attaching to our larger entertainments should pass away. I sat with other English officers in the centre of the second long table (in block 2), on the left hand after entering the Cruildhall itself. Nearly the whole of dinner the waiter in charge absented himself, and when at last brought back by an indignant appeal to one of the courteous stewards, lie failed in doing anything or getting anything, saying he could get no wine from those in charge, and he emphasized this by at last bringing part of a bottle, as he said, from the head table. So much for hearsay now for fact. Setting aside flowers and glass, so much of the table as contained about five of us sitting abreast had on it by way of viands a piece of cold beef. a small piece of cold fish, a small salad (without pretence of dressing), and a basket of cherries. The Belgian officer I especially attended to was obliged to content him- self with a plate of cold beef with some mint sauce over it (no mustard being obtainable, though loudly enquired for), and this washed down, after our champagne supply was exhausted, with a wineglassful of Dublin stout. We all apologized, and gladly went dinnerless to feed our friends at all.
SERIOUS JOKING. On Monday, at the Sheffield police court, a charge was brought against a silverplater, named Henry Bellamy, who is a member of the Silver-platers' Union, of threatening to blow up a fellow-workman, named Walter Dale, a non unionist, because he refused to pay to the trade. On Thursday night the complainant, in company with several other workmen., went to a public-house, where they saw the defendant, who was somewhat the worse for liquor. At that time the defendant was quarrelling with a shopmate, and shortly after the complainant entered the room the defendant said he would do for bim--he would blow him up. The plaintiff said, What have I done amiss at thou ?" and defendant replied, "Thou art a liliobstick-tl-ioii s theiinion." The plaintiff, in answer to this said he never should pay. The defendant said he would make him pay he would ratten him and blow him up ^^ed that some powder had been put under the side (where the plaintiff works) and that the signal for it to be exploded was that a hammer was to be struck "on the side," and that he was then to explode the powder with a soldering iron. In consequence of this threat the plaintiff went to his "side" to see if there was any combustible matter there, but found there was not. Several witnesses were called to corroborate plaintiff's evidence as to the threat. The defendant's solicitor did not deny that the threat had been made use of, but contended that the defendant at the time was so drunk that he did not know what he was saying. In the course of his address to the bench Mr. Binney made a statement to the effect that in his opinion the late commission was calculated to do an amount of mischief which would not be remedied for years. On being asked to explain, he said that it had "provoked" men to make jokes and to perpetrate jokes upon each, other. For instance, men threatened their-shopmate* to "Broadhead" them, or to "Crookes" them. Although jokes, they might lead to serious conse- quences. The magistrates ordered the defendant to enter into his own recognizance in the sum of 401., and two sureties of 201, each, to keep the peace for six months.
THE TRICKS OF LONDON. At the Middlesex Sessions, in London, on Tuesday, Charles Smith, aged twenty-two, a fashionably-dressed young man, described as a seaman, and well educated, was indicted for obtaining the sum of 3t. 4s. from Thomas Daley with intent to defraud; also from William Christy 21. 10s. and from Henry Richards, two coats and other articles, and the sum of 21. 158., with the same intent. The prisoner pleaded guilty. A policeman who gave evidence said that the cases mentioned in the indictments were only three out of a lar^o number against the prisoner. He had victimized nearly the whole of London by representing himself as the mate of a ship which was going to sail in two or three days, and producing a forged advance note required clothes or boots for a portion of it, and the rest in cash, at the same time pressing the tradesmen to take Is. 6d. in the pound for cashing it. Having secured the clothes and change the tradesman saw no more of him, and on inquiring for the ship, none of the name could be found in the docks. Some of his victims were poor people, who were obliged to borrow the change to give him, and were now compelled to pawn all their furniture to repay the loan. He had carried the game on very success- fully for some considerable time, and had only been detected by one tradesman noticing that the filling in of the body of the note and the signature of the captain were in the same handwriting. The police were then, communicated with, and a trap laid for him, which he fell into, and he (the witness) took him into custody. The Assistant-Judge said he would stop such a system of swindling poor tradesmen for some consider- able time by sentencing the prisoner to five years' penal servitude. _———
THE SHEFFIELD AUDIENCES AND THE RECENT INQUIRY.—The Sheffield Independent, publishes the following letter from Mr. W. Overend, Q.C., the chief examiner at the late inquiry at Sheffield. It is called forth by the following passage in a paragraph of the Pall Mall Gazette, which was quoted by The Times and some other newspapers The roars of laughter with which the audience in the Sheffield court-room received the confessions of outrage and slaughter." T High Hazles, Sheffield, July 13. My dear Sir, Tn answer to your letter, in which you direct my attention to the passage in the Pall Mall Gazette, which states that the audience of the late Trades' Union Inqiniy received with bursts of merriment the recent fright- ful disclosures, I am bound to say that it is impossible to +? a s™4ement more thoroughly at variance with +1, £ ln,^lls-. The conduct of the audience, during the whole investigation was, without a single exception, the moat orderly and creditable and it was an unintentional °n ^y.Pai't, that I did not thank them before con- v,™ 0ur for their quiet and reputable demeanour. 1 ou may make what use you please of this letter. Yours sincerely WILLIAM OVEREND.-To the Editor of the Sheffield Independ.ent."
THE TRIAL OF BEREZOWSKI. In conformity with an order of the Indictment Chamber of the Imperial Court, dated the 4th inst., Antoine Berezowski was brought up on Monday for trial at the Assize Court of the Seine, in Paris, accused of having attempted to assassinate the Emperor of Russia on the 6th of June last. The case for the prosecution was conducted on behalf of the Government by Procureur-General 4.3 11:a1'nas, and that for the defence by M. Emanuel Arago. Twenty-four witnesses were summoned for the prose- cution, and some few persons were called to rebut the accusation. The pistol with which the attempt was perpetrated was laid upon the table of the court. It is a double- barrel, the left barrel being shattered and split down the centre. The proceedings commenced with the reading of the following act of indictment- Upon the 6th of June last a grand review was held by the Emperor at the race-ground of Longchamps in honour of the foreign Sovereigns then at Paris. At half-past four p.m., immediately after the final ma- nojuvres, His Majesty entered an open carriage to return to the Tuileries. He was seated on the left-hand side, at the back of the vehicle; the Emperor of Russia occupied the seat on the right, the two Grand Dukes were placed in the front. Upon arriving in front of the Cascade the corUge passed into the Allee de la Vierge, to the right, on account of the block existing in the avenue upon the left, and fol- lowed it as far as the Chemin des Reservoirs. Relieved of the obstacles which had hitherto retarded its progress, the carriage began to drive more rapidly, when M. Painbeaux, Equerry to the Emperor, who rode at the door by His Ma- jesty's side, suddenly perceived upon his left a person hold- ing both his hands above the shoulders of his neighbours. By a sudden inspiration, yet without suspecting evil designs, he pushed his horse rapidly forward. At the same instant a loud report was heard. Two pistol-shots were simultaneously fired at the Imperial carriage. But Providence had defeated this attempt. The projectile that issued from the right barrel had struck M. Iiainbeaux's horse in the head, a little below the left eye, and had been arrested there, after having penetrated to a depth of six centimetres Into the bony processes. The pistol having burst through overcharge, the other projectile had remained in the left barrel. It was a lump of lead, cylindrical in form, about nineteen milimetres long, and weighing sixteen grammes. The delinquent, hurt in the hand by the fragments of his weapon, was immediately seized, but energetic and prolonged efforts were required to save him from the fury of the crowd, which, mingling cries for vengeance with repeated shouts of "Vive I'Empereur! desired to do summary justice on the spot. During this time the person arrested seemed to have lost consciousness. When he recovered speech in the carriage conveyinghim to the Prefecture of Police, he stated that his name was Antoine Berezowski, a role, and that he had been a refugee in France since 1865. Investigation has shown that, notwithstanding the oppo- sition of his father, a teacher of the piano in Russia, and without any personal causes of dissatisfaction, Berezowski entered the ranks of the Polish insurrection in 1863. He figured there scarcely more than a few weeks, after which he retired to Galicia, where he lived about a year. When that province was placed in a state of siege by the Austrian Go- vernment he passed into Germany, then to Belgium, and at the beginning of 1865 came to Paris, asking hospitality and assistance from France. An application he made some time afterwards to the Russian Embassy for a passport seems to show that he desired to return to his country. It is not exactly known why this project failed, but the accused con- tinued to reside in Paris, alternating between employment as a working engineer in various workshops and being a pupil at the Jaufret Institution, living a self-contained life, holding aloof from his comrades, even from his country- men, greedily devouring books calculated to intensify the sentiments to which he was about soon to give himself up. Since the 13th of August, 1866, he had been employed by the firm of Goum, where he had already worked at two different periods, when, towards the close of April, the report spread that the Emperor Alexander would soon visit France. Crimi- nal intentions, no doubt, agitated the mind of the accused at this period. On the 30th of April he left the house of Goum, alleging illness, and passed the month of May in com- plete inactivity. On the 27th of Slay he paid a visit to Mouy, in the de- partment Oise, the object of which has remained unexplained. But he returned to Paris on the first of June, and was at the Northern Railway station upon the arrival of the Czar. Berezowski only saw in the confidence of the Sovereign who intrusted himself to the loyalty of the population a means of satisfying his scheme of vengeance, and merely sought a favourable opportunity to carry it into effect. He was with this object in the neighbourhood of the Opera on the night of June 4, waiting for the egress of their Majesties, and pejfidiously mingling with the groups most vociferous in their shouts. He followed the eortdge at a run to the Elysee Palace, uttering cries of "Viva I'Empereur and more and more ascertaining the facility he might have in approaching the carriage of the Czar. He fixed upon the day of the Review, ordered to be held upon the 6th, for the execution of the attempt upon which he had resolved. The allowance of 35f. which he received monthly from the administration, and which he had not neglected to draw upon June 3, furnished him, with another small sum he obtained elsewhere, with the necessary resources to procure the instruments for the crime. Towards two p.m. upon the 5th he bought from the gun- smith Bruneville, for Sf., the double-barrelled pistol which was found at his feet in the Bois de Boulogne, and he pro- cured at .the same time five bullets and a box of caps. In the evening he purchased powder at another shop, and looked in several journals for the information it was neces- sary he should have about the Review of the morrow. Early upon the 6th he occupied himself in making pro- jectiles different to the bullets that had been sold him, which he thought too small for the bore of his pistol; he cast two slugs and rammed them upon th echarge of powder by forcing them down with a steel tool. Thus armed, he left about ten o'clock, after breakfast, to take the train at the Batignolles which would convey him to the Bois de Bou- logne. Before entering the station he stopped at a wine merchant's, a countryman, drank a glass of Vermout, and left a paletot to be taken charge of, in the pocket of which a work upon Poland was found, containing the oath of Kilenski, upon a page turned down. Upon reaching Longchamps he saw the Sovereigns before the front of the troops without being able to get near them. But the black which must inevitably occur at the close of the Review could not fail to furnish him with the oppor- tunity he sought, and, posting himself upon one of the slopes that surround the Grand Cascade, he would be able to follow with his eye the movements of the Imperial car- riage, and repair rapidly in the direction where he should see it advance. It was there, in faet, that he set himself upon the watch. From this point he perceived the carriage conveying the two Emperors enter at a walk into the Allée de la Vierge. He rushed in that direction, cutting by the shortest route across the wood, thiuly scattered at this point of the Allée de la Vierge, and the road to the reservoirs. Hidden, then, behind the inquisitive spectators, he sup- ported his arm upon the shoulder of one of their number, the Sieur Bonneau, and holding his pistol with both hands pressed both triggers at once. He would have made at least one victim, without the providential interposition of the fact that caused his execrable attempt ta fail. It has been possible, in fact, to verify by the height of the wound inflicted horizontally upon M. Rainbaux's horse, and by the position the animal occupied relative to Berezowski, that if the slug which struck it had notsbeen thus stopped in its course it would have reached the'breast of one of the two Sovereigns; and one cannot reflect without a shudder upon the injury the second slug might have caused when one thinks of the angle that would have been taken, in the ordi- nary course, by the direction of the two projectiles. Bereaowski has admitted all the facts relating to the preparations for and the execution of his crime. He has merely endeavoured to maintain, without being absolutely refuted by evidence, that he only wished to hit the Czar, limiting himself to giving the Emperor and France a warn- ing. With regard to the Oar he has expressed himself in the most violent terms, declaring that he has done nothing but his duty in fulfilling a vow he made to himself at the age of 16. War, he asserts, has not ceased to exist between Russia and Poland; this gave him rights he has not exceeded, and which he regrets not to have satisfied. If the act were to do again, he would be ready to do it. He is only guilty, he has added, towards France, whose hospitality lie has betrayed by not respecting the Sovereign who was also her guest. The crime committed by Berezowski has excited a feeling of horror throughout France, and has revolted every honest and generous heart in this country. All are eager to see it severely stigmatized by the verdict of the jury. Antoine Berezowski is therefore accused of having com- mitted an attempt at homicide with premeditation upon the person of the Emperor Alexander in the Bois de Boulogne, upon the 6th of June, 1867, which attempt, shown by a com- mencement at execution, has only failed in its effect through circumstances independent of the will of its author. This crime is provided for by Articles 2 and 302 of the Penal Code. c After the reading of the indictment the counsel for the defence desired the Court to take note that when Berezowski was brought to the Prefecture of Police all the witnesses now to be heard for the prosecution had been questioned in the Russian language by M. Souwaroff, the Director of the Russian police. The witnesses were then called. The first was M. Rainbeaux, the Emperor's equerry, whose horse was wounded by the pistol, and which, in fact, saved the life of the Caar. He deposed to the facts in the Bois de Boulogne already known. The next was M. Bon- neau, who was standing near the prisoner when he fired the shot, and who described what he had seen. The third was Sergeant Boscaille, who was the first to arrest the prisoner after he fired the shot. The fourth was an employ 6 in the Customs, who was also standing by. Colonel Robert, of the Staff Corps, deposed that the shot would have in- fallibly taken effect on the Czar had not the horse received it in the nose. A veterinary surgeon at- tached to the Imperial stables, a locksmith named De Mouy, a Pole, and an engineer who had worked in the same shop with Berezowski, were examined. M. Devisme, the well-known armourer of the Boulevards Italiens, was examined as to the matter of the pistol. He said that the pistol, though of ordinary manufacture, would not have burst had not the charge of powder been too great. Among the witnesses called for the defence was a former Lieutenant-Colonel of the Lancers of Vol- hynia. He said that Berezowski, who had served under him during the insurrection, was one of the best soldiers in his regiment. He was amenable to discipline, and was loved by his officers and comrades. He had taken great interest in him because he was the youngest of his soldiers and he was passionately attached to the cause of Poland. When the insur- rection was put down he wept like a Christian who has lost his mother." He exhorted him to look out for employment of some kind. He went to Liege and was engaged in a manufactory. He only knew two iiations,-bis own country, and an- other which sometimes assisted them,—and it was for that he came to France. All his acts," continued the colonel, all his studies converged to one idea only- the salvation of Poland." To complete this education he found means of saving 185f. out of wages of 5f. a day. He read with avidity all that fell into his hands, especially all that was in conformity with his pat- riotic sentiments." He never spoke to him about his regicide projects, for, had he done so, he would have earnestly dissuaded him from them. Another Polish officer gave similar testimony. The director of the College, M. Gomjon, where the prisoner had studied, spoke highly of him. He was," he said, regular in his habits, docile, studious, sincerely religious, and an excellent comrade." The Procureur-General then made his speech in sup- port of the case against the prisoner. The jury found Berezowski guilty of an attempt at homicide with extenuating circumstances, and he was sentenced to transportation for life.
GREAT FIRE IN LIVERPOOL. On Sunday morning the premises of Messrs. Evans and Son, wholesale and export druggists and manu- facturing chymists, 5G, Hanover-street, and Seel-street, Liverpool, were destroyed by fire. The range of buildings occupied by Messrs. Evans is four stories high and of considerable extent, and the whole of the premises were thickly stored with drugs and chymicals, and even on the roof were placed a large number of bottles of vitriol and other chymicals. In various parts of the building were quantities of paraffin, naptha, and other explosive compounds. An alarm was given, and in a short time twelve branches of fire-engines were brought to play on the fire, but it soon became evident that the upper part at least of the premises must go. Fortunately, there was an ample supply of water, or the wreck would even have been more complete than it is. The men, knowing that there were many explosive materials on the premises, cannot be too much com- mended for the steadiness with which they stuck to their work. There were several slight explosions, and th e. fire received constant accessions of fuel, which rendered it most difficult to keep it in check. On the other hand, as the lire reached first one drug and then another, the spectators, and indeed tlje inhabitants of the district to leeward, for a long ofclstance, were in turn saluted with the most agreeable of odours and the most detestable of stinks. The effects on the firemen were equally comical. One had received a complete coating of beeswax, while another was radiant in an. incrustation of many colours. We regret to state, however, that it was not all comedy. One poor fellow. Fireman Kennedy, got under a falling stream of some burning liquid, which ran down his neck and right side, and burnt him severely. He was taken to the Southern Hospital, where his burns were dressed. At nine o'clock the roof fell in, carrying with it parts of the upper and second floors. The front office, in which were the books and papers, was saved from the fire, and the books were secured. The largo contents of the cellar, too, escaped the fire, although the damage from water will no doubt be great. The firemen of both brigades and the police exerted themselves manfully. By eleven o'clock the fire was completely subdued. The damage is estimated at 1.5,0001., but Messrs. Evans are insured for the full amount in the Phoanix and Queen offices.
MURDER AT LANCASTER. On Saturday an inquest was held at the County Lunatic Asylum, Lancaster, upon the body of Abraham Nuttall, aged forty-six years, who met his death at the hands of a lunatic. Deceased, who was a weaver by trade, was a native of Spotland, near Rochdale, and had been an inmate of the asylum for several years. He was a very quiet and harmless patient, and had never been known to offer any pro- vocation towards his fellow patients. A few mornings ago he was sitting in a water closet, in company with a patient named James Dillon, when Thomas Card well, another patient, walked in, and struck Nuttall a vio- lent blow on the head with a basin, fracturing his skull. Cardwell then commenced kicking him about the chest, when Dillon interfered. An attendant, hearing a crash, went to Nuttall's rescue, and secured Cardwell. Nuttall died from his injuries on Friday night. Cardwell had been an inmate about eight months. It seems that within the last six weeks he had frequently attempted to attack other patients. The usual precautions had been taken with him by night, but he had been allowed to mix with other inmates by day under the care of attendants. He is a stonemason, and belongs to Kirkdale. The jury returned a verdict of Wilful Murder against Cardwell, who will remain at the asylum until the coroner has communicated with the Home Secretary. WI.