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GARDENING OPERATIONS FOR THE…

THE MYSTERY OF FRENCH EGGS.

The LAW of FOREIGN DECORATIONS

HOW MAXIMILIAN WAS CAPTURED.

INSANITY IN ENGLAND.

WHICH IS THE BRUTE?

THE HISTORY OF MAXIMILIAN…

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THE HISTORY OF MAXIMILIAN IN MEXICO. The Moniteur of Sunday morning contained the following sketch of Mexico and its unhappy state :— The crime of regicide, of which Mexico has made herself guilty against the person of the Emperor Maximilian, is not the first deed of the kind which has been perpetrated in that unhappy country. In less than half a century, and since its so-called inde- pendence, the ancient Spanish Viceroyalty, so pros, perous and so tranquil under the Government of the mother country, has three times stained its soil with the blood of the chiefs of its Government. In 1824 the Emperor Iturbide was shamefully delivered up and shot at Tampico, and in 1829 President Guerrera, basely betrayed for a sum of money, suffered a like fate at Acapulco. But whatever interest may attach to the memory of these two personages, nothing in their origin or in their lives is comparable with the illustrious victim, whose fatal destiny the entire universe will learn with horror. A descendant of that glorious Emperor Charles V., in whose reign Ferdi- nand Cortez and his bold companions founded the Mexican monarchy, the Emperor Maximilian, Arch- duke of Austria, formerly the Lieutenant of his brother, the Emperor Francis Joseph, in the king- dom of Lombardo-Venetia, brought up according to modern ideas, and in the continual habit of govern- ing, seemed a Prince designated by Providence to create in the New World a dynasty worthy of his House and of the Sovereigns who hastened to recog- nize him from the moment of his accession to the Throne. For 50 years Mexico had been a prey to the most horrible anarchy, acts of pillage, and civil war. He who wished to consecrate his efforts to pacifying the country, filling up the abyss of revolutions, restoring order, and endeavouring to render happy a country so favoured by Heaven-this Monarch, betrayed by one of his subjects, whom he had loaded with benefits, has fallen under the bullets of assassins. The details of the act of regicide, committed on the 19th of June, are not yet known, but those of the act of treachery of the 15tn of May have reached Europe. The Emperor bad been two months and a half at Queretaro, at the head of 8,000 men, commanded by Generals Miramon, Mejia, Mendez, Castillo, Arellano, the Prince de Salm (Chief of the Imperial Staff), and several European officers. On the very night that it had been seen that the town was no longer tenable, and that it was decided to attempt by a vigor- ous sortie to break through the lines of the dissident leaders, Corono and Escobedo, and retire either to the city of Mexico, or towards the Gulf, a man (we dare not say a Colonel) to whom was intrusted the guard of the fortified convent of Santa Cruz, which com- mands the whole position—the man Lopez, for 3,000 ounces of gold, gave a silent passage to the enemy, and himself pointed out to them the person of the Emperor, surprised in the middle of his sleep. In vain did General Miramon attempt to resist; he fell grievously wounded, and the Imperial army, surrounded unawares by superior forces, was obliged to capitulate. We shall know in a few days by what show of judi- cial forms the murder of the Emperor Maximilian- accomplished by Juarez's orders-was preceded. The Emperor Maximilian, second brother of Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria, was born at Schoenbrunn on the 6th of July, 1832, and married, the 27th of July, 1857, the Princess Charlotte, daughter of King Leopold, then hardly seventeen years old, and whose double misfortune now excites the sympathy of all hearts. On two occasions the Archduke was the guest of France-in 1856 and in 1864-and every one was enabled to appreciate his chivalrous character, his solid and varied attainments, and his precious personal qualities. After long and difficult negociations, skilfully directed by the valiant and lamented M. Gutierrez de Estrada, the Prince, on the 10th of April, 1864, ac- cepted, with the assent of his august brother, the crown which had been offered him on the 3rd of Oc- tober, 1863, at the Castle of Miramar, by the commission despatched to him by the Assembly of Notables who met at Mexico, and who brought him the result of the vote of the Mexican population. A few days after- wards the Emperor and the Empress Charlotte left Trieste on board the Austrian frigate Novara. They landed at Vera Cruz on the 24th of May, and made their entry into their capital on the 12th of June, 1864, amid unanimous acclamations. During the space of three years the Emperor Maximilian did not cease to occupy himself with the reorganization of his empire, and, by means of numerous journeys through the country, he had acquired an exact acquaintance with the wants of the provinces, and these wants his Govern- ment neglected no means to satisfy. On the 5th of February last the Emperor placed himself at the head of his army and left Mexico to en- counter the Juarists who were in the northern pro- vinces. It is there that the crime was consummated. Its punishment cannot, doubtless, be long delayed, and Mexico would be but too happy if she should dis- appear from the number of independent nations, and find herself absorbed by powerful neighbours. But the hour is not yet come. Her history since 1810 explains her present state and her future. The division which already exists among the ambitious bravos of Juarez will drown the country in blood and assume terrible proportions. Every element of civil power will be destroyed, armed bands will devastate the country, and impose contributions on the towns.

TRADES' UNIONS ABROAD.

CURIOUS NEW ENGLAND CUSTOM.

A VOLUNTEER SCHOOLMASTER.

!" DREADFUL SUICIDE THROUGH…

THE LATE EMPEROR MAXIMILIAN.

|THE TRADES' UNION INQUIRY.