DREADFUL RAILWAY AGCIDENT NEAR WARRINGTON. On Saturday forenoon a very dreadful accident occurred near Warrington. The 10 23 train from Liverpool to Birming- ham and London left Bank Quay station at 11 25, taking up several passengers, and on approaching Walton Junction the driver saw ahead a coal train, which efforts were being Hade to shunt on to the Chester line. He did not deem it Necessary to slacken speed, not doubting that the way would be clear. The coal trucks, however, had scarcely left the Wain line when the passenger train reached the points. The points were not turned, and the passenger engine rushed into the coal trucks. The driver and fireman escaped with comparatively slight injuries, having, it is supposed, lumped for their lives when they saw a collision to be in- evitable, and the passenger engine was driven right into the breakman's van of the coal train, and firmly lodged there. The first two or three of the passenger carriages—one In particular, a second-class-were broken to pieces and overturned, and five of the passengers were killed J&d a large number injured. The wreck was awful. Immediately after the occurrence, intelligerce was con- veyed to Warrington, and assistance procured. The stationmaster, was immediately on the spot, and directed the movements of the men engaged in clearing the line and Wting out the dead and wounded. One after another, as the remains of the front carriages were removed, the mutilated bodies of men and women were taken up and conveyed to places of safety. All the medical men in War- Jjpgton whose services were available were sent for, and they repaired to the spot without a moment's delay, doing U that human effort could to allay the sufferings of the bounded. A special train was sent from Warrington with a dumber of first-class carriages, to bring the wounded on to Warrington. Some of the dead bodies were also brought on, and placed in the waiting rooms at Bank Quay station. Shortly after the accident a passenger from Liverpool- one among many who had a providential escape-said that J16 was seated in the next carriage to that which was broken •o atoms. Before the final crash—not more than one moment—he felt that a collision was inevitable; it seemed, moment—he felt that a collision was inevitable; it seemed, said, to come on "gradually," and he made an effort to out by the door, but found himself locked in. The car-. J^sge was overturned. Having received no severe injuries he managed to crawl out. A lady, he said, in the same carriage was killed; she was on the same seat with him, sitting next jo the window. He was at her elbow. When the crash came &e sprang from the seat and got down, then the carriage "lelit over and he found his way out. A lady who was with Ili. seemed hardly conscious of her movements at the moment of the collision. She said, I was in the same car- ria8e. but can't tell how I got out." She did not seem to °ave received the least injury. Under one of the carriages lay a lady and gentleman whose egs were tightly pressed down by a portion of the frame- Work of the carriage. The gentleman was in a dreadful state of excitement, but the lady, who is married, and under was perfectly cool, and implored that her legs might at once be amputated, in order that she might be released from unpleasant position The medical men of course would Spt consent to this summary mode of treatment, and it was three quarters of an hour before deliverance came. Neither "J the two was much hurt, but the gentleman died shortly his extrication, no doubt from the shock to his nervous ystem, while the lady joined her husband, and was able to osiune her journey without further delay. The matron from the workhouse, with an efficient staff of BP was in attendance, and several ministers and other jsentlemen rendered their valuable services in alleviating Bat- of the injured passengers. In some cases the dnn n's exPressed a wish to make their wills, and this was 111 proper legal form for them. The surgeons also tiilf ec* at the hospital and rendered every assistance in ueir power. Staff6 keads °f the several railway departments, with their carm Tere also PromPtly on the spot, and too much praise tor-tv, .^e bestowed upon the members of the police force r their prompt and praiseworthy exertions. met ? ^ne.was very soon cleared of the dibris, none of the flesnw beinS torn up, and some of the passengers were London 6d M *ar as Crewe by the 12.30 express train for The number of passengers who received injuries so serious thp reclu're surgical aid is officially stated to be 33. Of jese one was sent, at his own request, to Bury Lane, five to wIerP°°l> four (one since dead) to the Patten Arms Hotel, jarrington, and 23 to the Convalescent Hospital. Under tirin Ca^e °* ^Ir- Spinks, surgeon, who has been un- Der« attendance upon the wounded, lie at least 12 tarvf3 seriously injured. The correspondent of a contempo- jgy, in passing through the hospital wards, says that he saw hurl i om?s Jones, of Wolverhampton, who had been With a8ainst the arm of the carriage in which he rode tttrfi !U4C, violence that he sustained a compound frac- the leg and other dreadful wounds. He lay quietly Who i i his hands folded on his breast, and no one bow Rooked at his uncomplaining face could have guessed HpLjac^.u* were the injuries from which he was suffering. k*8 w'" on Saturday afternoon, believing that he aying, and after lingering on through Sunday he breathed jr** last at half-past five on Monday morning. Another man dn ?n a bed immediately opposite insensible, whom, the "?ctor said, could not possibly long survive. Other cases ^suffering, less dreadful only by comparison with these were being cared for in the same ward. Mrs. Partridge, Oakford-house, near Exeter, died at the Patten Arms," Sunday morning. She had been on a visit to Liverpool, was returning home in company with her son. When coUision occurred both were thrown out of the carriage, naing at some distance from each other, and while the dangeon was attending the young man, as one of the most Whn rous'y injured, he was called away to attend a lady tart •^as sa^ to be dying, and who proved to be Mrs. flea!?1 j' When he returned to the son, he found him «**> and the mother did not survive him many hours. «on^ong the iniure(i are two Americans, who were in this Cain for ^le time. Their names are Bowley. They Of «! -England as snake charmers, and carried two boxes but 6 rePtiles. Both men are injured about the head, thpino^ very severely. Their anxiety, however, relative to r Property was great. The poor fellows are sadly bewil- k&Eapt are care of some friends in Wolver- The only body remaining for some time unrecognised, was *?at of an elderly lady, whose name was found out under BiOgUlar circumstances. After the Jury had seen the bodies fcn .Monday, they were stripped for burial, and an inside Jacket was then discovered in the dress worn by the unknown which had the following address upon it: Mrs. Sarah Con 4, Priory Grove, LiverpooL Mr. Hunt, the Chief nstable, at once telegraphed to that address, giving a des- n °* body. In the evening, a son-in-law of deceased ll(i ^oaePh W. Chatfield—arrived from Liverpool: but tha „s?0Der did he get out of the train at Warrington, •* was seized with a fit, and remained insensible for a (j-rfderable time. It was under these circumstances not fer-n advisable that he should see the body. When he be covered, however, he was shown the articles found upon and at once identified them, but on the following morn- Ceaa ,e was seized with a fresh succession of fits. The de- rjweaMrs. Cocking is said to be the widow of a late eminent On Manchester. At the time of the accident she was Doow way to Birmingham, and a subpoena was found in her givp from which it was discovered that she was to have of xl evidence this week in some will case before the Court "robate, in London. .Monday afternoon an inquest upon four of the bodies hellf ^ad been carried to the Norton Arms, Latchfleld, was in that hous% before the coroner, Mr. W. Dunstan. names of the deceased were James Gill, James Partridge, Gibson, and Mary Elizabeth Adcock. loiln • a few preliminary remarks from the Coroner, the Rowing witnesses were called :— 8tr«i ^dwin Roberts, commission agent, residing in King- to] T? Warrington, who identified the body of James Gill, of 1, Pershore-road, Birmingham, commission agent: thfiv.' Reynolds, tanner, of Latchford, who identified livo y of his ccmsin, James Partridge, of Kirkdaie, near -¡verpool Dorrt Adcock, of 7, Canton-street, Everton, Liver- 5"% commission agent, who identified the body of his Livg ter, Elizabeth, aged 27, schoolmistress, residing at Ar^001 > an<* id^t'-c"rll02?aSv.'kjinbf °l 01d Swan, Liverpool, who citified the body of his brother-in-law, Edmund Gibson, g^lantressant, in the county of Glamorgan, mining en- j0^the completion of this evidence, the inquest was ad- t04 searching inquiry into all the circumstances which led rn„he accident has been instituted by the managers of the and North Western Railway Company, but nothing "nportance has been elicited beyond the main facts Bhtfady published. It is clear that the coal train was duly tho • to permit the passenger train to proceed, that thfi Slgnal "all right" was given by the pointsman; that that Passenger train went on at full speed; and thpiL when it reached the junction points it found f. m open instead of being closed, and so followed and Oj/ii*nto the coal train before a break could be put on, Wer i team shut off. The question as to how the points Tvj],6 left open and with whom the blame rests is one which *ndi ktless be clearly answered at the coroner's inquest, tioriitlle meanwhile, the pointsman in charge at the junc- thn » as been suspended, and remains in town awaiting B fesult of the inquiry.
THE SULTAN IN PARIS. tb. tr nder as fierce a sun and almost as blue a sky as tho tints the waters of his native Bosphorus, g. pultan of Turkey made his entry into Paris on a^ternoon (says the Paris correspondent of the Stat- Gazette). His arrival at the Lyons railway aft 01^ tad been fix fo.r four o'clock, and shortly Srtinii ^our was by the Emperor and a ji' 3*11 suite, composed of one or more marshals of stSUce' and Eeveral Ministers, with almost as much hinT' and quite as much military display, as the Czar and certainly with all that empressement with w c« the Emperor Napoleon knows so well how to elcome his guests. Of course the entire personnel of ^e Ottoman embassy was present to render its tbInage; Djemil Pasha and others who had gone to meet 0? Sultan at Toulon having accompanied him through- the remainder of his journey to the French capital. Contrary to general expectation, for we had been told that the Sultan invariably rode on horseback when taking part in any public procession, after the inter- views and introductions had been gone through, Abdul Aziz took his seat in one of the imperial closed State carriages, having the Emperor on his left hand and a couple of his own Ministers in front of him. The Emperor wore the uniform of a general of division. The Sultan was dressed in a red fez and a blue frock ornamented with a moderate amount of gold lace, with a diamond star and the red ribbon of the legion of honour across his breast. Ten other state carriages followed, with the members of the Sultan's suite- all of the male sex. Crowds of people lined the route along which the procession passed, at the head of which rode several of the Emperor's equerries, then a band of trumpeters, followed by a company of lancers; next came the first state carriage with coach- man and footmen in the gayest of green and gold liveries, in which, as already stated, the Sultan and the Emperor sat side by side, and following this were the Cent Gardes, and then the remaining carriages containing the suite. Flags were flying here and there along the route, which was densely crowded with people every step of the way from the railway station, the Place de la Bastille, and the column of July, along the Rue St. Antoine and the Rue de Rivoli. The cortege passed through the quadrangle of the Louvre, which was packed with Parisians in every part, the Chasseurs de Vincennes keeping the line clear, then through the Cour de Na- poleon III., and across the Place du Carrousel, where was collected an entire regiment of dragoons, several squadrons of the Garde de Paris, and one or more regiments of the line. The Palace of the Tuileries was of course entered beneath the Arc de Triomphe, and the Sultan alighted at the Pavilion de l'Horloge. After being introduced to the Empress, he again entered his carriage, and was driven by the garden of the Tuileries, across the Place de la Concorde to the Palais de Elysee.
PRIZE DAY AT THE PARIS EXHIBITION. Monday was a great day in Paris. The Emperor Napoleon, accompanied by the Sultan of Turkey and the Viceroy of Egypt, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Cambridge, and surrounded by all the other distin- guished personages at present in Paris, distributed the prizes to the successful exhibitors at the Inter- national Exhibition. The thousands who assembled on the occasion beheld a pageant, which, perhaps, for originality and splendour, is without a precedent in the present generation, and which is thus described by the Paris correspondent of a London contemporary:— If the opening ceremony of the Paris Exhibition was meagre and commonplace, that of Monday was singularly brilliant and impressive. It was not in the Exhibition itself that the Emperor distributed the prizes, but in the Palace of Industry in the Champs Elysees—a noble hall some 500 or 600 feet in length and between 100 and 150 feet broad, with an arched roof of glass, hung with white drapery, spotted with golden stars, and bordered with broad stripes of pale green, and adorned with countless banners of every colour, glittering with golden stars or bees. At half-past one o'clock the Imperial cortege, with a squad- ron of Lancers in the van, and the Cent Gardes bringing up the rear, started from the Tuileries. Eight state coaches, each drawn by six horses, conveyed the chief officers of the court, the Princess Mathilde, and the Princess Clotilde. In the ninth carriage, drawn by eight horses, sat the Emperor and Empress, the Prince Imperial and Prince Napoleon. Ten minutes afterwards an equally brilliant procession escorted the Sultan from the Elysee Palace to the Palace of Industry. In a state carriage, drawn by eight horses, rode Abdul Aziz, with his two sons and nephew. The route of each procession was lined with troops; quite an army guarded the Palace of Industry and all its approaches. In the interior of the great hall, near the main entrance, was erected the Imperial throne, a gorgeous mass of crimson velvet, cloth of gold, golden eagles, golden bees, and wreaths of laurel encircling golden N.'s, the whole surmounted by a huge gold crown. There were more crowns and more eagles round the walls; the galleries were hung with crimson velvet fringed with gold, while beneath were some theatrical- looking pasteboard trophies emblazoned with the arms of the various nations which have taken part in the Exhibition of the Champ de Mars, and surrounded by clusters of national banners. The entire centre of the hall was sunk some few feet beneath the ordinary level, and here were arranged ten showy-looking trophies, illustrative of the ten groups into which the objects contributed to the Exhibition are divided. The sunken portion of the hall, where the foregoing groups or trophies were displayed, was surrounded by a broad belt of flowers of every possible shade of colour planted in dense masses, from three to four feet in depth. Imagine every portion of the building filled with a brilliant assemblage- ladies in the ga vest summer toilettes, soldiers in uniform, officials in magnificent State costumes, gorgeous Eastern costumes, here a group of Japanese (one robed in cloth of gold with crimson velvet breeches, white stockings, and patent leather highlows, and with spiked velvet hat), there Turks in fezes and in turbans, and here Hungarians in jewelled velvet coats and crimson and gold-fringed panta- loons- imagine all this and you will have a faint idea of the splendour of the scene. At one o'clock the sounds of music were heard; the orchestra played Gluck's overture to Iphigcnie en Aulide," and after a short interval Felicien David's Evening Song, the choir of more than one thousand voices taking part in the performance. Almost before the sounds had died away, a procession descended the staircase on the western side. First came a banner borne before the exhibitors who have obtained prizes and honourable mention in what is styled the "Dew order of recompenses." Following them came the exhibitors in the ten various groups into which the Exhibition is divided who have gained grand prizes or gold medals, each group being preceded by a banner in- scribed with its distinctive name. Group 1, works of art, comprised about thirty gentlemen; group 2 num- bered some sixty dealers and producers of materials used in the liberal arts; group 3 was composed of manufacturers of furniture, many of whom were already decorated. The remaining groups were representatives of the clothing interest, of raw materials, of the useful arts, of food and drink, of agriculture and horticulture, and of the general amelioration of the condition of mankind. As soon as these had taken up their position in front of the Throne, the blare of trumpets and hoarse shouting of the mob outside announced the arrival of the Emperor, together with the Sultan. The Emperor and Empress bowed on enter- ing. The Sultan, too, bowed and waved his arm in a paternal manner until the cheering ceased, when the members of the Imperial party took their seats, and Rossini's Hymn to Napoleon III. and his noble People," composed for the occasion, was at once performed. At the conclusion the entire assemblage rose with shouts of "Vive l'Empereur." M. Rouher, Minister of State and Finance, and Vice-President of the Exhibition, advancing to the foot of the throne, read a long report to the Emperor upon the Exhibition generally, and the great success it has attained. The Emperor replied, and then the names of those to whom medals or other recompenses have been awarded were proclaimed aloud. Next the gold medals were distri- buted by the Emperor himself, each exhibitor thus distin- guished ascending the steps of the Throne and receiving the medal directly from the hands of the Emperor. This part of the proceedings of course occupied some time. When it was over more music was performed, at the conclusion of which the Emperor and Empress and the other occupants of seats beneath the velvet and gold canopy descended, and a procession headed by the Corps Diplo- matique was formed, and passed round the entire hall, the Emperor and Empress stopping to say a few words to the principal representatives of foreign nations whom they chanced to recognize. Shouts of "Vive l'Empereur," varied with "Vive l'Impdratrice," were of course heard above all others. Cheers may have been given for the Prince Imperial, but they were scarcely distinguishable. A member of the Dublin corporation, as the procession passed where its representatives were seated, called for three Irish cheers for the Empress, when suddenly there arose a wild Irish hurrah which resounded through the building from one end to the other, and in acknowledg- ment of which the Empress graciously bowed. The centre of the throne was occupied by three gilt fauteuils, on the centre one of which sat the Emperor, with the Sultan on his right hand and the Empress on his left. On the Sultan's right hand was the Prince of Wales, and near him the Prince of Orange, the Duke of Aosta, and the Duke of Cambridge, the little brother of the Taicoon in black and gold bordered tunic and crimson and gold petti- coat being at the extreme end. Next the Empress, on her left hand, sat the Prince Royal of Prussia, and then Mehem- med-Mourad Effendi, the Sultan's nephew, and heir to the Turkish throne; Prince Humbert of Italy, and Prince Napoleon. The Princesses Clothilde and Mathilde,the Duchess a Aosta, and other ladies were also in the front rank. Behind were marshals of France, Turks in crimson fezes and blue surtouts covered with gold lace, officers in every European £ -^m^an<L ambassadors from all the European courts, besides the officers of the Imperial household, and various Ministers of State. The Empress wore a white robe, with gold spots, a mauve train, a green wreath and diamond head- dress, a diamond necklace with long pendants and stomacher. The Emperor wore the uniform of a general of division, and the Sultan a blue frock with gold lace and a red fez.
SPEECH OF THE EMPEROR. The following is the text of the speech delivered by the Emperor Napoleon, on the above occasion:- Gentlemen,—After an interval of twelve years, I have come for the second time to distribute the rewards to those who have most distinguished themselves in those works which enrich nations, embellish life, and soften manners. The poets of antiquity sang the praises of those great games in which the various nations of Greece assembled to contend for the prizes of the race. What would they say to-day were they to be present at these Olympic Games of the whole world, in which all nations, contesting by intellect, seem to launch themselves simultaneously in the infinite career of progress towards an ideal incessantly approached without g able to be attained! From all parts of the earth the representatives of science, of the arts, and of industry have hastened to vie with each other, and we may say that peoples and kings have both come to do honour to the efforts of labour, and to crown them by their presence with the idea of conciliation and peace. Indeed, in these great assemblies, which appear to have no other object thq-II material interests, a moral sentiment always disengages itself from the competition of intelligence -a sentiment of concord and civilisation. In drawing near, nations learn to know and to esteem each other; hatred is extinguished, and the truth becomes more and more evident that the prosperity of each country contributes to the pros- perity of all. The Exhibition of 1867 may justly be termed universal, for it unites the elements of all the riches of the globe. Side by side with the latest improvements of modern art appear the products of the remotest ages, so that they represent at one and the same time the genius of all ages and of all nations. It is universal, for, in addition to the marvels luxury brings forth for the few, it displays also that which is demanded by the necessities of the many. The interests of the labouring classes have never aroused more lively solicitude. Their moral and material wants, their education, the conditions of life at a cheap rate, the most productive combinations of association, have been the object of patient inquiries, of serious study. Thus, all improvements march forward. If science, by turning matter to account, liberates labour, the cultivation of the mind, by subduing vices, prejudices, and vulgar passions, also liberates humanity. Let us congratulate ourselves, gentlemen, upon having re- ceived among us the majority of the sovereigns and princes of Europe, and so many distinguished visitors. Let us also be proud of having shown to them France as she is-great, prosperous, and free. One must be destitute of all patriotic faith to doubt of her greatness; must close one's eyes to evi- dence to deny her prosperity; must misunderstand her institutions, tolerant sometimes even of license, not to behold in them liberty. Foreigners have been able to appreciate this. France- formerly disquieted, and casting out" her uneasiness beyon her frontiers-now laborious and calm, always fertile in generous ideas, turning her genius to the most diverse mar vels, and never allowing herself to be enervated by materia enjoyments. Attentive minds will have divined without trouble that, notwithstanding the development of wealth, notwithstand- ing enticements towards prosperity, the fibre of the nation is always ready to vibrate as soon as the question of honour and the country arises; but this noble susceptibility could not be a subject of alarm for the repose of the world. Let those who have lived for a short time amongt us carry to their homes a just opinion of our country; let them feel persuaded of the sentiments of esteem and sympathy we en- tertain for foreign nations, and to our sincere desire to live at peace with them. I thank the Imperial Commission, the members of the jury, and the different committees, for the intelligent zeal they have displayed in the accomplishment of their tasks. I thank them also, in the name of the Prince Imperial, whom, notwithstanding his tender age, I have been happy to associate in this great undertaking, of which he will retain the remembrance. I hope the Exhibition of 1867 will mark a new era of harmony and of progress. Assured that Providence blesses the efforts of all who, like ourselves, desire good, I believe in the definitive triumph of the great principles of morality and justice, which, while satisfying all legitimate desires, are alone able to consolidate thrones, to elevate nations, and to ennoble humanity.
A CAUTION TO TRADE UNIONISTS. A Scotch sheriff has just given a decision on the point raised by the London master tailors in regard to strikes. On Saturday William Stewart, the secretary, and John Barr, the president of the Hamilton Amalga- mated Shoemakers' Society, were charged by the pro- curator fiscal (the public prosecutor) in the Sheriffs Court of Hamilton, with having used threats or intimidation towards Michael Keenan while employed at his trade of a shoemaker, for the purpose of forcing him to contribute to the common fund of the club of association of which they were members, by threaten- ing him that unless he paid the sum of 5s. 8d. to this fund, they would cause him to be dismissed from the shop, where he claimed his work, and to lose his employ- ment and the said Michael Keenan having declined to comply with the demand, the accused, on tlth June, did further molest and obstruct Keenan by in- timating to his employers that unless he contributed to the fund he must be dismissed, otherwise the rest of the workmen, members of the association, would leave their employment, thus forcing Keenan to con- tribute to the fund." The charge was proved, and Sheriff Veitch sentenced each of the prisoners to seven days' imprisonment. The prosecution took place under the 6th George IV., cap. 129—"An Act to repeal the Combination Laws."
NEW ACT ON THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF SHARES. On Tuesday an important act came into force, to amend the law in respect of the sale and purchase of shares in joint-stock banking companies. The object of the statute is to prevent contracts for shares and stock in joint-stock banking companies of which the sellers are not possessed, or over which they have no control. It is enacted that all contracts, agreements, and tokens of sale and purchase, which shall, from and after the 1st of July instant, be made and entered into for the sale or transfer of any shares or of any stock or other interest in any joint-stock banking company in the United Kingdom, constituted or regulated by any act of parliament, Royal charter, or letters patent issuing shares or stock transferable by any deed or written instrument, shall be null and void, unless such Contract, &c., shall set forth and designate in writing such shares, stock, or interest by the respective numbers by which the same are distinguished on the register or books of the banking company, or where there is no register than the name of the proprietor and any person, broker, or agent who shall wilfully insert any false entry of number or name shall be guilty of misdemeanor, and liable to fine or imprisonment. All joint-stock bank- ing companies are now bound to show a list of shareholders to any registered shareholder during business hours, from ten to four o'clock. The act is not to extend to shares or stock in the Banks of Eng- land or Ireland.
IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY! The Inverness Courier, referring to several instances of superstition which have been recently mentioned in its columns, says Much akin to our late stories was an occurrence which happened within a year or so to parties in a glen not many miles distant from Inverness. A man, who was supposed to be bewitched, by reason of his be- coming bewildered and excited by the bad conduct of his wife, was sent to consult a wise woman in our northern metropolis. After extracting a pound-note from him, she thought it right that another fee of the same amount should be conferred on her friend Willcox, to whom a messenger was at once despatched with the money, and to explain the case. He came back with a bottle or two of Spey water "sained" by the warlock, which was drunk or otherwise used, accom- panied with profane incantations, but with what success our readers may easily judge. The account in our last number of the parings of an epileptic patient being buried in the earth with a cock (we fear it is often a living bird) we believe to be quite true, and to be a remnant of an ancient Pagan custom handed down from the times of the Romans, and to be only paralleled by what took place only a few years ago in a part of Morashire, where it is well authenticated that a living bullock or cow was burnt alive with the view of stopping an epidemic among cattle. It is time really that something was done to wipe out this dis- grace on our day and country.
TRADES' UNIONS AND EMIGRATION. At the ordinary monthly meeting of the Barony Parochial Board, held in Glasgow on Thursday in last week, attention was called by Mr. Morrison to what he described as "an organized system of premedi- tated pauperism." From the statement made by this gentleman, it appeared that while sitting recently as relief manager, a claim for assistance was made by the wife of a cotton-spinner residing in Bridgeton, who she said deserted her and five young children by going to America, in the month of May last. He was, she stated, well connected, sober in his habits, and affectionate to her and their children-the only reason for his quitting the country being that, as a member of the Glasgow Cotton-Spinners' Association, it fell upon him, at a recent ballot, to quit the country, and the funds for his individually doing so were paid by the secretary of the association, in the knowledge of his family circumstances. She also stated that during the past six months there were upwards of 30 similar cases of desertion. On the same day another application was made by a woman placed in exactly the same circumstances. A correspondence was then entered into with Mr. John Cumming, secretary of the Cotton- Spinners' Association, who admitted that emigration or retiring money had been given to members of the society; but contended that the association could not be held responsible if the person obtaining the money went to America. In the last letter written by the secretary of the association, he stated that in every case they were now compelling applicants to bring their wives, and if they did not consent to their husbands leaving the country, the money was refused. Some conversation on the subject afterwards took place among members of the Board, in the course of which another system., said to be pressing injuriously upon parochial boards, was adverted to. The history of trades' combinations in England, it was said, showed that when a strike took place in a particular district, men were sent away by their unions to other parts of the country; and their wives and children, being unprovided for, made application to the paro- chial Board for relief on the ground of desertion. Re- ference was made to a case in England, where the wife and children of a tradesman who had so left them had no settlement there entitling them to relief, in conse- quence of which they were sent to Scotland, and became chargeable to the parish. After conversation, it was remitted to the Law Committee of the Board to take what steps they might consider expedient to remedy the evil, either by the apprehension of the runaways in America, under the provisions of the Extradition Treaty, or otherwise.
CAREFUL OF HIS CHARACTER! The following letter was addressed by Broadhead to the editor of the Sheffield Telegraph in October last, when that journal was vigorously denouncing the crimes which subsequently led to the appointment of a Royal Commission of inquiry. At that time Broad- head actually threatened the Sheffield Telegraph with an action for "daring" to impute to him and his union any complicity with trade outrages in general, and with the Hereford-street outrage in particular; and at a meeting of the trade unionists he declared he would sell the shirt off his back in order to obtain justice for the damage his character had thereby sus- tained. The duplicity which the letter reveals leaves further comment unnecessary:— Sir,—I see from the reports in the papers some steps are likely to be taken to bring to justice the perpetrators of the foul deed in Hereford-street, which must be added to the fearful catalogue that has so frequently disgraced the fair fame of this largely increasing, prosperous town. I am sure every right-minded man will join in condemning such foolishly insane and wicked practices. Entertaining sincerely as I do this sentiment, I will willingly, and I hereby offer 51. reward to any person who will be instrumental in bring- ing the dastards to justice. The Society of Saw Grinders hold their general meeting on Tuesday next, and it is my intention to lay the subject before it, and I have every con- fidence that society will be both ready and willing to support so laudable an object. I can only hope the matter will be so largely taken up as to swell the amount into many thousand pounds. If the reward is only made suffi- ciently great, it must be increasingly difficult to resist the temptation of the offer. No man regrets these deeds more than I do, and I feel strongly upon it; but while thus expressing myself, I must be equally explicit on another part of the subject, and that is the conduct of such men as the Fearnehoughs and their class. Next to the perpetrators themselves I abhor them as the cause of these things taking place, by what I conceive to be their disreputable proceed- ings, and therefore cannot join in sympathy towards him by contributing to a public subscription for that purpose, as I believe by so doing I should be only adding fuel to the burning embers. I am prepared to do all that I here promise, and it is not my intention to enter into further public corres- pondence on this matter unless I see it necessary in order to forward the ends of justice. (Signed) WM. BROADHEAD, Royal George Hotel, Carver-street, October 11, 1866.
THE SURGEON OF THE WHALER DIANA." On Saturday a special meeting of the Hull Local Marine Board was held at the Board-office, under the pr ssidency of Mr. Atkinson, the chairman, for the purpose of presenting to Mr. Charles Edward Smith, a testimonial, as a recognition of his service as surgeon of the whaler Diana of Hull, which was beset in the Arctic seas during last winter. On Mr. Smith enter- ing the room he was informed that a special meeting of that Board had been called in consequence of a despatch having been received from the Board of Trade, awarding him a testimonial for his gallant con- duct under very trying circumstances. Accompany- ing the testimonial there was a case of surgical instru- ments. The testimonial, which was beautifully illumi- nated, ran as follows To Charles Edward Smith, of Coggleshall, Essex, late sur- geon of the whaler Diana, of Hull, in recognition of his generous, humane, and unwearied services to the crew of that vessel, while they were suffering from a severe attack of scurvy, aggravated by their dangerous position and deten- tion in the ice, and by want of food, clothes, and other necessaries. This testimonial, accompanied by a case of surgical instruments, is presented by the Board of Trade, this 24th day of June, 1867, RieRmoND, President, THOMAS GRAY. Assistant, Marine Department. The Board of Trade had requested that the testimo- nial should be presented in a public manner, and the chairman trusted that through the press the presenta- tion would receive the same publicity which the story of the hardships and sufferings of the unfortunate crew had done. Mr. Smith, in reply, said he was at a loss for words suitably to return thanks for the great honour which had been done him. He could not refrain from saying a word on behalf of the gallant crew, for when he looked back upon that fearful voyage, and the dread- ful struggle they had for life under overwhelming hard- ships, worn out with hard work and constant pumping, with a debilitating disease among them, he must say that the country ought to be proud of those brave men. Captain Allen Young had journeyed to Hull to see the vessel, and he had expressed the greatest admiration for those gallant fellows, most of whom had been reared and trained by that grey-headed old man, Captain Gravill, who perished amid that dreary waste of of snow and ice." In conclusion, he desired sincerely to thank the British Government, through the Hull Local Marine Board.
THE TRIAL OF SURRATT. The Washington correspondent of the Standard, writing on June 18th, gives the following particulars of Surratt, who is charged with being concerned in the assassination of Presi- dent Lincoln :— The trial of Surratt has at last begun. Although the examination of witnesses has proceeded but little more than one day, already important evidence has been presented. Yesterday, Joseph Dye, a sergeant of the Federal volunteer army, testified that he sat on the kerbstone in front of Ford's Theatre on the night of the assassination of Mr. Lincoln. There he saw Booth in convergation with two men. One of these men, whom he described as neatly dressed, and with a face of exceeding paleness, seemed much excited. This man called the time to Booth from a clock in the vestibule of the theatre. He named the time on three several occasions, on the third of which he went away, and Booth entered the theatre. The assassination took place within a very few minutes- thereafter. This testimony having been given, Dye was asked if he had since seen the neatly-dressed man ? He answered, No." He was asked, "Do you remember his face?"—"Yes." "Distinctly?"— Very distinctly." Do you see him now ? "—" Yes —there he sits (pointing to Surratt). That is the man. I have seen his face frequently in my sleep it was so pale I could never forget it. The man I then saw was John H. Surratt, prisoner at the bar." The effect of these words upon Surratt was remarkable. At first he lifted himself by his' hands in his chair, and gazed eagerly at the witness, a red flush running over his face as he did so. Then he became very pale, bowed his head and sank down. Unless Dye's testi- mony can be overthrown, the strongest part of the defence—the intended proving of an alibi-has already failed. Surratt is now connected with Booth if this impression is not removed from the minds of the jury, the prisoner's fate is sealed. I
HARD-EARNED MERIT!, "I The Queen has been graciously pleased to confer the decoration of The Albert Medal of the Second Class on James Hudson, an apprentice of the Maid of Orleans, of Ardrossan; and Theophilus Jones, of Falmouth. The fol- lowing is an account of the services in respect of which the decorations have been conferred The Marmion, of North Shields, on the 17th of March last, drove from her anchors and was stranded on the Cornish coast at Gylynvase, near Pendennis Castle, Falmouth. The wind at the time was blowing strong with squalls the tide was first quarter flood. At 10 am. the ship was in the midst of breakers, and often entirely covered with surf, and no com- munication with the shore appeared possible. The master and one of the crew died on board from exposure and exhaustion. After an ineffectual attempt had been made to com- municate with the shore by means of a line tied to a stool and thrown overboard from the ship, James Hudson, a youth of seventeen, an apprentice, belonging to the Maid of Orleans, then lying at Falmouth, volunteered to swim off to the vessel. He was at first dissuaded from the attempt, for it was thought that he would lose his life. But he persisted, and the Coastguard attached to him their life lines and guided him afloat. He had neither jacket nor belt on. He was soon in the midst of a heavy sea, and in a short time got to the stern of the vessel, and after three attempts to reach the deck swung himself on board by the aid of a spar hanging over the side. The line attached to Hudson effected a communication between the ship and the shore, and six of the crew were rescued by a hawser and running gear then set up. Hudson was compelled by his want of clothing to return when he had been about a quarter of an hour on board. His distress in returning was great. He ex- pected to have been pulled on shore, but the running gear had fouled, and he was obliged to pull himself hand over hand along the hawser to the shore. He was very much exhausted, and without assistance would probably not have succeeded in landing himself upon the beach. There still remained one man alive on board, but he was too weak to fasten around himself the cork jacket with which he had been supplied. In this emergency Theophilus Jones, who had a line, but no jacket or belt on, threw himself into the sea, and after two or three unsuccessful attempts reached the vessel, and was lifted on board by the waves and by the aid of a spar which hung over the side. He succeeded in fastening a cork jacket round the seaman and pushed him overboard, and this man, too, was saved.. Jones was some time in the surf he was very much benumbed and exhausted when he arrived on shore.
BREWERS AND BEER. A return has been issued showing that the num ber of persons in each of the several collections in the United Kingdom licensed as brewers, victuallers, to sell beer to be drunk on the premises and to sell beer not to be drunk on the premises, from 1st October, 1865, to 30th September, 1866--and, the number oi barrels of beer exported from the United Kingdom, and the declared value thereof, and where exported to, from 1st October, 1865, to 1st October, 1866, dis- tinguishing England, Scotland, and Ireland, &c. The totals of this return show that there are 2,575 brewers, 95,743 victuallers, 44,607 selling beer to be drunk on the premises, and 3,063 not to be drunk on the premises. The malt consumed by each class is respectively 38,469,582 bushels, 8,594,803 bushels, 3,601,034 bushels, and 377,288 bushels. The beer exported from October 1st, 1865, to the same date, 1866, was 570,040 barrels, the declared value of which was 2,023,4831.
HYDROPHOBIA.—Mdme. Doyet, of Autremen- court (Aisne), was out walking in the early part of June with her young son, when the boy, seeing a small dog on the roadside, picked it up, but had only taken it a few paces when the animal bit him in the cheek, and escaping, ran into the village, where it attacked indiscriminately dogs, pigs, and fowls. It was finally killed by a butcher. On the child's return home a doctor was called in and applied the actual cautery to the wound, and all danger was believed to have passed away. However, twenty-one days after, the boy, while playing in the fields, was suddenly seized with symptoms of hydrophobia, and in spite of every care and attention died the next day in dreadful suffering. AUSTRALIAN SOVEREIGNS.—" Q. C." addressing The Times, warns tradespeople against refusing to re- ceive, or making any charge for changing Australian sovereigns. He says :— By the Sydney Branch Mint Act, 1863, the Queen may de- clare—and she has declared-gold of that mint and full weight a legal tender, and it shall become so accordingly. And by section 13 of the 56th of George III., c. 68, which is referred to in that Act of 1863, any one who shall, by any means, device, shift, or contrivance, receive or pay for any gold coin lawfully current any more or less in value, benefit, profit, or advantage than its lawful value or denomination, shall on conviction be imprisoned for six months for the first offence, a year for the second, and two years for any subse- quent one, without power of mitigation. THE RAILWAY ANr ITS RESULTS. — It is astonishing what life, energy, activity, and enterprise the Union Pacific Railroad has infused into the cities, towns, villages, and settlements through which it passes (says the New York Heraldj. Stores, habita- tions, schools, and churches spring up as if by magic. Freemont, 46 miles west of Omaha, has grown up from a quiet settlement to a brisk little town of some 800 to 900 inhabitants. Columbus, 45 miles further west on the road, has manifested similar improvements. There have been 7,000 lots added to the city. The population is now about 1,100, and rapidly on the in. crease. Kearney City and Fort Kearney, heretofore known only as a military post, have (by the railroad) been inspired by a progressive spirit that is creditable both to the city and the road.
THE MARKETS. MARK-LANE, MONDAY Fresh up to our market to-day the arrivals of home-grown wheat were very small. Owing to the continued fineness of the weather, and the favourable accounts from the agricul- tural districts, the trade was in a most inactive state, and prices were quite nominal For foreign wheat there was very little demand. Factors held all descriptions at last Monday's currency, and the small amount of business done was at that day's rates. Floating cargoes of grain were in slow request, at late prices. Barley was in short supply, yet the trade was very quiet, on former terms. Malt was in slow request, and prices had a downward tendency. Oats —the supply of which was moderate-sold slowly, at late rates. Beans were in short supply. The trade was quiet, on former terms. Peas steadily supported late rates, but there was a great want of activity in the demand. The show of samples was smalL The flour trade was dull, at late prices. The amount of business transacted in seeds was very mode- rate. In prices no change took place. Cakes were in fair demand, at late rates. METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET, MONDAY. The supply of foreign beasts on sale here to-day was large. The trade for all qualities was dull, at a decline in price of 2d. to 4d. per 81b. Foreign sheep were in good supply. The demand ruled quiet, at barely late rates. The first supplies of Tonning beasts are expected in the market next Monday. There was an increased arrival of beasts from our own grazing districts, as well as from Scotland, and the quality of the stock was prime. Taking into consideration the cir- cumstance that country butchers are almost wholly excluded from the market, the supply of beasts was very large, and much in excess of the actual demand. Hence, the beef trade was very dull, and prices declined 2d. to 4d. per 81b. The top quotation was 5s. 4d. per 81b. From Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, and Cambridgeshire we received 1,700 Scots, short- horns, and crosses from other parts of England, including Leicestershire, and Lincolnshire, 1000 of various breeds and from Scotland, 158 Scots and crosses. The supply of sheep was larger than on Monday last, and the quality of the stock on the whole was good. The demand was chiefly for prime small sheep, which changed hands at the rates of Monday last-5s. 2d. to 5s. 4d. per 81b. being the top quota- tion. Prime heavy sheep, including other qualities, sold slowly, at barely late rates. Lambs were in good supply and the trade ruled heavy, on easier terms. The prices realised varied from 5s. 8d. to 6s. 8d. per 81b. Calves were in moderate supply. The trade was slow, at late prices. POTATOES. The supply of potatoes, both coastwise and by rail, con- tinue liberal, and the trade is steady at our quotations• Yorkshire flukes, 140s. to 180s.; ditto Regents, 120s. to 140s.; Lincolns, 120s. to 140s.; Scotch, 120s. to 160s. foreign, 100s. to 110s. HOPS. The accounts this morning from the hop-plantations are not favourable. The recent cold winds have produced a con- siderable increase of vermin, and even the most favoured grounds are considered to be in danger. There is much weak and sickly vine. A continuance of the present weather is very desirable. The trade is firm. WOOL The second series of public sales of colonial wool closed on the 29th ult. Over 182,000 bales passed the hammer of which about 95,000 were taken for the Continent. Prices have shown considerable fluctuation, and on the average show Id. per lb. decline when compared with March, r.tes, although during the last few days the full values of that date have been obtained. The quotations are as follows: —Sydney, Queensland, 8d. to 2s. 6d.; Port Philip, 9d. to2s.6d.; Van Dieman's Land, 8d. to 2s. 6d.; South Australia, 7d. to Is. lOd. New Zealand 7d. to 2s. 2d.; Swan River, 8d. to Is. lid.; and Cape of Good Hope 7d. to Is. 10d. per lb. For English wool there has been rather more inquiry, but we have no alteration to notice in prices. We quote- Fleeces, Southdown hogs, ls. 4id. to Is. 5d. half bred hogs, Is. 5id. to Is. 6d.; Kent fleeces, Is. 5d. to Is. 5id.; South- down ewes and wethers, Is. 3d. to Is. 4d.; Leicester ditto, Is. 4d. to Is. 5d. Sorts, clothing, pick lock, Is. 6d. to Is. 6ict prime, Is. 4jd. to Is. 5d. choice, Is. 3id. to Is. 4d.; superior. Is. 2d. to Is. 3d.; combing, wether mat, Is. 7d. to Is. 7id pick locks, Is. 4d. to Is. 5d. common, Is. 2d. to Is. 3d. hog matching, Is. 8d. to Is. Sid.; pick locks ditto. Is. id. to Is. öd. and superior, is. 2d. to Is. 3d.