Skip to main content
Hide Articles List

13 articles on this Page

THE SEWAGE QUESTION.

-__-----_---EDUCATION IN FRANCE.

_-__-___--. JAPANESE MANNERS…

--------__-__------GARDENING…

----THE VACCINATION BILL.

---._-------------ABOLITION…

-----ACTION AGAINST A RAILWAY…

IMPRISONMENT FOR SMALL DEBTS.

HEALTH AND DISEASE.

THE MANUFACTURE OF HUSBANDS.

ZOOLOGICAL GEOGRAPHY. --

News
Cite
Share

ZOOLOGICAL GEOGRAPHY. The Cosmos has an interesting article by M. Hoefer on th.e distribution of animals on the face of the earth.' Mammalia have at all times, in this respect been ob- served with the greatest attention. Prince Charles Bonaparte states their number to be 1,149 • Minding fixes them higher, at 1,230 Oken at 1,500; so that, taking the average of all these numbers, we may sup- pose them them to be about 1,300. These species are very unequally distributed monkeys, for instance, are only to be found under the tropics, with very few exceptions and kangaroos only in Australia. On the other hand, pachyderinata, of which the horse is one, exist all over the globe, except in the Arctic regions it must not be forgotton, however, that there were no horses in America until they were imported. Australia also forms an exception in this as in many other respects for instance, in the case of certain plants that still thrive there, while in our regions they have been extinct for thousands of years, and are now only to be met with in a fossil state at a depth of hundreds of metres. There are not more than thirty-eight species of pachydermata, forming ten genera, among which we may mention the elephant, hyppopotamus, rhinoceros, and tapir. And yet, of all mammalia, this class is most numerously represented in the series of fossil animals we possess and while at present, as we have said above, pachy- dermata have disappeared from the Arctic regions, it is there, buried in ice, we find their extinct species. The gradual disappearance of species offers matter for curious comment. Thus the hypponotamus was very common in the Nile at the time Herodotus visited Egypt, that is, about 450 years before our era. Fif- teen centuries later it had become much rarer, and Abdallatif, an Arab physician, who flourished in the 12th century, speaks of it as an animal regarded with terror by the inhabitants. Two of them were shown to this writer at Cairo, where they were kept as curiosities, which proves its rarity at the time. But now the hippopotamus has entirely left the Nile, where the inhabitants do not even know It by name and it is only in the Niger, the Zaira, and other rivers of Africa, it is to be found in our, days.

- -------CONVICTS IN TASMANIA.

-,-------------__---THE MAGYAR…