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- AGRICULTURE. ♦

HINTS UPON GARDENING.

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HINTS UPON GARDENING. FLOWER GARDEN.—Newly-made lawns require a little special care at this season. If the grass is thin it must not be mown and swept in the usual way, for the roots of young grass suffer from the effects of a hot sun when there is not a close bottom to preserve moisture. It is a good plan to mow early, and leave the mowings till the evening, then sweep and clear up, and the grass will have twenty-four hours from the morning before the sun comes on it again, or, reckoning from the day before the mowing, thirty-six hours, which will materially assist in promoting a thickening of the bottom. Where walks look dingy, a turning with a fork and a good rolling is often as effectual a reviver as a supply of new gravel; but if the old gravel is of trifling depth or a bad colour, a new coating will complete the beauty of the garden, and give it a necessary finish. Carnations, picotees, and pinks may now be propagated by pipings on the north side of a fence, or in pots half filled with sandy loam. The old plan of striking them in heat and in exciting composts is quite exploded as a fallacy. Ranunculuses will want water frequently they cannot endure drought. Pansies strike readily from short side-shoots the old hollow stems will strike also, but never make good plants; the new growth is that to be depended on. Dahlias not staked should be attended forthwith indeed, the stakes should be put in at the time of .planting, so as to avoid damage to the roots when they have begun to grow. Perennials should be sown for next, season's blooming, so as to get strong plants. Sow thin in nursery beds, and prick out the plants in rows as soon as they make rough leaves. If left crowded together they grow spindled, and never make strong plants. Roses need abundant supplies of water now, and green- fly must be kept down, or the bloom will be im- poverished. As the hurry of the bedding-out is now over, a little time may be found to look over briers intended for budding soon, to cut away weak ill-placed shoots, and shorten in the strong rambling shoots on which buds are to be entered. Americans newly planted must have abundance of water overhead, as well as at the root. Remove by carefully snapping out with finger and thumb the dead blooms of rhododendrons and azaleas, to prevent seeding. Auriculas will want occasional fumigating keep them in a cool place, on a hard bottom, and pour water amongst them on the ground surface to cause a moist air. Asters may now be turned out in the places where they are to bloom make the ground rich, and choose showery weather. If the place is infested with snails, plant a few small lettuces behind the back row, which may be pulled up as soon as the asters are well rooted. Annuals of quick growth, sown now, will bloom late for succession. Nemophilas never make a better effect than from sowings in June, in moist, shady places. Asters and balsams to be planted out during moist, dull weather. Cinerarias may now be earthed up, to promote the rooting of the suckers. Throw away all seedlings of inferior quality, and propagate only the best. They require a cool shady place while making suckers, which are to be removed as soon as rooted. Sow seed for next year, and pot off rooted cuttings. Camellias may be got out in a shady place, on a bed of tiles or coal-ashes, and kept frequently watered. If kept in the house, there must be air on night and day. Dahlias planted out to be staked before the roots extend. Plant out all that are in pots at once; they will do better in the ground now than with any more nursing. Pansies Take cuttings of the best, look over seedlings, and root out and destroy all inferior ones. Sow again for autumn bloom. Tulips Remove the shading, and let them have the benefit of rains and dews. Hollyhocks Stake at once, and tie in as soon as the stems are tall enough, and frequently look at the ties to see they do not cut their swelling stems. Heavy manuring in the first instance is preferable to watering with liquid manure, but in poor soils liquid manure may be used abundantly. KITCHEN GARDEN.—The ground will be now for the most part covered, and everything in full grpwth. The hoe must never be idle; weeds grow faster than the crops, and exhaust the soil rapidly, and if allowed to seed make the mischief worse. Next to keeping down weeds, the most important operation is that of watering. Plants lately put out should not be drenched to excess, or the chill will check them more than a drought would, and it is better to trust to moderate watering and shade combined than to keep the soil soddened about plants that have barely taken root. Cucumbers, gourds, toma- toes, and capsicums may be put out; the soil should be rich, and for tomatoes a sunny aspect must be chosen. Sow beet, early horn carrots, scarlet runners and French beans, turnips, lettuces, radishes, cabbages, spinach, en- dive, cauliflower, and peas and beans. All salad plants should have a shady position, or they may run to seed. In sowing peas and beans it is best to depend on the earliest sorts at this time of year, as they are soon off the ground, but Knight's marrow and ne plus ultra are good peas to sow now for late supply.—Cropping Sow succes- sion beans, marrow peas, lettuce, Portugal cabbage, cauli- flowers, Walcherin broccoli, stone turnip, and turnip radishes. Celery to be got into trenches as fast as the ground can be made ready by the removal of other crops. Take up each with a ball and do not injure a single leaf. Hoe over those that are established in trenches, to break the surface that has been hardened by watering. -Gardegzers' Magazine.

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